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Alban Berg (Composer)

Born: February 9, 1885 - Vienna, Austria Died: December 24, 1935 - Vienna, Austria

Alban Maria Johannes Berg was an Austrian composer. He was a member of the Second Viennese Schoo produced compositions that combined Mahlerian Romanticism with a personal adaptation of A. Schoen Life and work

Alban Berg was born in Vienna, the third of four children of Johanna and Conrad Berg. His family lived He was more interested in literature than music as a child and did not begin to compose until he was fi late February or early March of 1902 he fathered a child with Marie Scheuchl, a servant girl in the Berg on December 4, 1902.

Alban Berg had little formal music education before he became a student of Arnold Schoenberg in Octo counterpoint, music theory, and harmony. By 1906, he was studying music full-time; by 1907, he began included five drafts for piano sonatas. He also wrote songs, including his Seven Early Songs (Sieben Frh performed work in a concert that featured the music of A. Schoenberg's pupils in Vienna that year. The Berg's Piano Sonata (Op. 1) (1907-1908); it is one of the most formidable "first" works ever written (La six years until 1911. Berg admired him as a composer and mentor, and they remained close lifelong frie father figure, as Berg's father had died when he was only 15.

Among A. Schoenberg's teaching was the idea that the unity of a musical composition depends upon all this idea was later known as developing variation. Berg passed this on to his students, one of whom, Th conveyed was that of variation: everything was supposed to develop out of something else and yet be i example - the whole composition is derived from the work's opening quartal gesture and its opening p

Alban Berg was a part of Vienna's cultural elite during the heady fin de sicle period. His circle included Schreker, the painter Gustav Klimt, the writer and satirist Karl Kraus, the architect Adolf Loos, and the Helene Nahowski, daughter of a wealthy family (said by some to be in fact the illegitimate daughter of E with Anna Nahowski); despite the outward hostility of her family, the two were married on May 3, 191 Postcard Texts by Peter Altenberg (1912) were premired in Vienna, conducted by A. Schoenberg. Settin accompanied by a very large orchestra. The performance caused a riot, and had to be halted; the work score remained unpublished until 1966).

From 1915 to 1918, Alban Berg served in the Austrian Army and during a period of leave in 1917 he be of World War I, he settled again in Vienna where he taught private pupils. He also helpedA. Schoenberg which sought to create the ideal environment for the exploration and appreciation of unfamiliar new m performances, and the exclusion of professional critics.

Three excerpts from Wozzeck were performed in 1924, and this brought Berg his first public success. T performed in its entirety until December 14, 1925, when Erich Kleiber directed a performance inBerlin important works. Berg completed only the first two acts of his later opera, the critically acclaimed Lulu

Berg's best-known piece is his elegiac Violin Concerto. Like much of his mature work, it employs a pers technique that enables the composer to combine frank atonality with passages that use more tradition quotations from historical tonal music, including a Bach chorale and a Carinthian folk song. The Violin C daughter of architect Walter Gropius and Alma Schindler. Other well known Berg compositions include on the String Quartet No. 3 of Bla Bartk), Three Pieces for Orchestra and the Chamber Concerto for vio

Berg died in Vienna, on Christmas Eve 1935, apparently from blood poisoning caused by an insect bite.

Douglas Jarman writes in the New Grove: "As the 20th century closed, the 'backward-looking' Berg sudd forward-looking composer." Major compositions Piano: Piano Sonata, Op.1 Kammerkonzert (1925) for piano, violin and 13 wind instruments Chamber: String Quartet, Op. 3 Four Pieces for Clarinet and Piano, Op. 5 Lyric Suite Orchestra: Three Pieces for Orchestra, Op. 6 Violin Concerto Opera: Wozzeck, Op. 7 Lulu Vocal: Seven Early Songs Four Songs, Op. 2 Five Orchestral Songs on Postcard Texts of Peter Altenberg, Op. 4 Der Wein Schliesse mir die Augen beide