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1.

The one-line diagram of an unloaded power system is shown below. Reactance of


the transmission line is shown on the diagram. The generators and transformers
are rated as follows:
Generator 1:

20 MVA, 13.8 kV, X" =0.20 per unit

Generator 2:

30 MVA, 18 kV, X" =0.20 per unit

Transformer T] : 25 MVA, 220Y/13.8


Transformer T2 : 30 MVA, 220Y/18

kV, X=10%

kV, X=10%

Draw the impedance diagram with all reactances marked in per unit and with
letters to indicate points corresponding to the one-line diagram. Choose a base of
50 MVA, 13.8 kV in the circuit of generatorl.

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old
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20 MVA

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'V

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l\8./rtplalL

cHa-I/s

2. A 100 MVA 33 kV 3-phase generator has a subtransient reactance of 15%. The


generator is connected to the motors through a transmission line and transformers
as shown in fig below. The motors have rated inputs of 30/MVA, 20 MVA and 50
MVA at 30 kV with 20% subtransient reactance. The 3-phase transformers are
rated at 110 MVA, 32 kV ~ /110 kV Y with leakage reactance 8%. The line has
reactance of 50 ohms. Selecting the generator rating as the base quantities in the
generator circuit, determine the base in other parts of the system and evaluate the
corresponding p.u. values.

lluM~~,1"

110 MvAp
32./1 \0 ;, \eX;:. 8' (.

8-i

II

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(\..(.12_1

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j50n

100 MVA. 33 kV

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3. Three zones of a single-phase circuit are identified in Figure below. The zones are
connected by transformers T I and T2, whose ratings are also shown. Using base
values of30 kVA and 240 volts in zone 1, draw the per-unit circuit and determine
the per-unit impedances and the per-unit source voltage. Then calculate the load
current both in per-unit and in amperes. Transformer winding resistances and
shunt admittance branches are neglected.
ZOI'IB

10fl93

loneZ

1
I

V, ~ 220/0" volts :

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T,
x..... .. 2 n
Tz
zoo "" 0.9 + }0.2 Cl
~k~

20WA
460/11 S vo~t5
X... '" 010 p.ll.

2401480 lIotts
X.. - 0.10 p.ll.

--------2.L.toV

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4. A simple power system consisting of one synchronous generator and one load
connected by two transformers and a transmission line is shown in the following
figure. Draw the impedance diagram with all impedances marked in per unit.
Choose a base of 100 MVA, 13.8 kV in the circuit of generator.

.,

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G 1 rating:

T1 ratings:

T1 ratings:

IOOMVA
13.11 kV
R=O.l pu

lOOMVA
13.81JlOkV
R""O.Ol pu

120114.4 kV
R- 0.0] pu.

X,y=O.9 pu

X9).05pu

R~\'on

SOMVA
X={l.OS pu

1
R.-e.9\ Or)

Vbcue) .L --

l~'B

k\J

--

llLe..
) 1?>8 =13'
cg-

V~e) ~ ::: (\~.~) 110=

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are:
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J3.~

100

(0 .Oltj O'OS) ( ' 012.)

--

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0 .0l.3&- tj o \L~. U

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