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4/10/2012

HowtoProperlyInsulateaSlab
Presentedby:MikeTurns,AssociateDirector,PHRC Tuesday,April10,2012 1:00PM

www.enrg.psu.edu/phrc

Slabedgeinsulationisoneof themostabuseddetailsin construction.


DavidHales,BuildingScienceProfessorat theUniversityofWashington

4/10/2012

HeatLossthroughanInsulatedSlab
Typical2story,2,000SFhousewithR10 perimeterslabinsulation
Slab 15% Roof/Ceiling 8% Windows 33%

Walls 39%

Doors 5%

E402.1.1

InsulationandFenestrationCriteria
Table402.1.1 InsulationandFenestrationRequirementsbyComponenta
CLIMATE FENESTRATION SKYLIGHT b ZONE U-FACTOR U-FACTOR
b

GLAZED CEILING WOOD MASS b,e FENESTRATION WALL R-VALUE FRAME WALL i SHGC R-VALUE R-VALUE

FLOOR RVALUE

BASEMENT WALL R-VALUE

SLAB R-VALUE & DEPTH

CRAWL c SPACE WALL R VALUE R-VALUE

1 2 3 4 except Marine 5 and Marine 4 6 7 and 8

1.20 0.65j 0.50j 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35

0.75 0.75 0.65 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60

0.30 0.30 0.30 NR NR NR NR

30 30 30 38 38 49 49

13 13 13 13 20 or 13+5h 20 or 13+5 21
h

3/4 4/6 5/8 5 / 10 13 / 17 15 / 19 19 / 21

13 13 19 19 30g 30 38g
g

0 0 5 / 13f 10 / 13 10 / 13 15 / 19 15 / 19

0 0 0 10, 2ft 10, 2 ft 10, 4 ft 10, 4 ft

0 0 5 / 13 10 / 13 10 / 13 10 / 13 10 / 13

a.Rvaluesareminimums,UfactorsandSHGCaremaximums,R19batts compressedintoanominal2x6framingcavitysuchthattheRvalueisreducedbyR1ormoreshallbemarkedwiththe compressedbatt Rvalueinaddition tothefullthicknessRvalue. b. Thefenestration Ufactorcolumnexcludes skylights.TheSHGCcolumnapplies toallglazedfenestration. c. 15/19meansR15continuous insulated sheathingontheinteriororexteriorofthehomeorR19cavityinsulation attheinterior ofthebasementwall.15/19shallbepermittedtobemetwithR 13cavityinsulation ontheinteriorofthebasementwallplusR5continuousinsulated sheathingontheinteriororexteriorof thehome.10/13meansR10continuous insulated sheathingonthe interiororexteriorofthehomeorR13cavityinsulation attheinteriorofthebasementwall. d. R5shall beadded totherequired slabedgeRvalues forheatedslabs.Insulation depthshall bethedepthofthefooting or2feet,whichever islessinZones1through3forheated slabs. e. TherearenoSHGCrequirementsintheMarine Zone. f. Basementwallinsulation isnotrequired inwarmhumidlocations asdefined byFigure301.1andTable301.1. g. Orinsulation sufficient tofill theframingcavity,R19minimum. h. 13+5meansR13cavityinsulation plusR5insulated sheathing.Ifstructuralsheathing covers25percentorlessoftheexterior,insulating sheathingisnotrequired wherestructuralsheathing is used.Ifstructuralsheathingcoversmorethan25percentofexterior,structuralsheathingshallbesupplemented withinsulated sheathingofatleastR2. i. ThesecondRvalue applies whenmorethanhalf theinsulation isontheinterior ofthemasswall. j. Forimpactratedfenestration complyingwithSectionR301.2.1.2oftheIRC orSection1608.1.2oftheIBC,maximumUfactorshall be0.75inZone2and0.65inZone3.

4/10/2012

E301.1

ClimateZones 6

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E402.1.1

SlabRValue
Table402.1.1 InsulationandFenestrationRequirementsbyComponent

Climate Zone SlabRvalued 10,2ft 4 10, 2ft 5 10, 4ft 6


d.R5shallbeaddedforheatedslabs
Heatedslab:slabongradeconstructioninwhichtheheatingelements areincontactwith,orplacedwithinorundertheslab E202
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HeatedSlab
Hydronic Tubing Hydronic tubing orotherheatingelements

Slab EdgeInsulation Insulation Slab Edge

R15RequiredpertheIRCandIECC
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Whatmaterialscanbeused?
TypicalRvalueperinch
Expanded Polystyrene Extruded Polystyrene Polyisocyanurate

InchesforR10 2.5 2.0 1.5

InchesforR15 3.75 3.0 2.3

4.0 5.0 6.5

ExpandedPolystyrene(EPS)

ExtrudedPolystyrene(XPS)

Polyisocyanurate(ISO)
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Checkwithmanufacturerforapprovalforgroundcontact

4/10/2012

E402.2.8

WhenIsSlabInsulationRequired?
Floorsurfaceslessthan12inchesbelowgrade shallbeinsulated

ConditionedSpace

12"

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Note:RequirementsforslabconstructionarefoundinIRCSectionR506
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E402.2.8

HowShouldSlabInsulationBeInstalled?
Insulationshallextenddownwardfromthetop oftheslaboutsideorinside

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EffectofSlabEdgeInsulation
Slabedgemayberesponsibleforabout60% oftheslabstotalheatloss(Certainteed) REM/Design / simulations
8%increaseintotalheatingconsumptionwithno slabedgeinsulation 62%ofheatlossthroughslabedge

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E402.2.8

DistanceBelowGrade
Insulationlocatedbelowgradeshallbeextendedthe distanceprovidedinTable402.1.1
Climatezones45:2ft Climatezone6:4ft

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IncorrectSlabInsulationDetail

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Willtherebeathermalbreak?
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CorrectSlabInsulationDetail

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AProblemwith2InchSlabEdge Insulation
Foundation FoamInsulation Slab

FloatingSlab
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E402.2.8

Thetopedgeoftheinsulationmaybecutata 45degreeangle

Isthisagoodidea?
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PAAlternativeDetail

1/2inchthermalbreak

Thermalbreakmaterials: Asphaltimpregnatedfiberboard Extrudedpolystyrene Other Note:AnenergyenhancementoptionmustbechosenperPA104.


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UsingthePerformancePath
UseIECCSection405:SimulatedPerformance Alternative
Software S ft modeling d li (e.g. ( REM/Design, REM/D i EnergyGuage USA) Energycostofproposedhomemustbethe referencehome Includes:
Buildingorientation Airinfiltrationrate Rvalues Etc.
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DetailstoAchieveFullPerimeter Insulation

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Cantileveredsillplate

Checkwithanengineer

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Source:JoeLstiburek,BuildersGuides

Source:FundamentalsofResidentialConstruction

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UseFlooringotherthanCarpet

Source:FundamentalsofResidentialConstruction

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EXTERIORFOUNDATION INSULATION
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ExteriorFoundationInsulation

(a) Cold-Bridge Through (b) Cold-Bridge Through Brick Veneer and Correction Basement Wall and Correction

(c) Cold-Bridge Through Exposed Foundation Wall and Correction

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E402.2.10

MasonryVeneer
Insulationnotrequiredonthehorizontalportionof thefoundationthatsupportsamasonryveneer

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MonolithicSlab
Exteriorinsulationrequired

Source:FundamentalsofResidentialConstruction

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E402.2.8

Termites
Slabedgeinsulationnotrequiredinareasdesignated bythecodeofficialashavingveryheavytermite infestation

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TermiteShields

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TermiteShields

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Termites ChemicalTreatments

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E303.2.1

ProtectionofExposedFoundationInsulation Exteriorfoundationinsulationshallhavea rigid,opaqueandweatherresistantprotective covering


Coveringshallextend6belowgrade

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ProtectionConsiderations

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InsulationProtectionOptions
1. Pressuretreatedplywood

2. Fibercementpanelsiding

3. Cementitious coating(stucco) , eitherreinforcedwithfiber, orinstalledoverfiberglass mesh,orinstalledovermetal lath.


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ProprietaryProducts
1.
Source:MartinHolladay,GBA AAdvisor

InsulCapvinylcoveringfromWisconsinPouredWallProducts GroundBreakerfiberglasscoveringfromNudo Products InsulGuard2fiberglasscoveringfromDiversifiedComposites Surfacebondingcement PermaBondComplete(foamplusfactoryadheredcementitious coating) FPUltraLite panels(factorycoatedfoampanels)fromStyro Industries Protecto Bondp peelandstickmembrane

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8.

EnergyEdge

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Summary
Slabinsulationisrequiredwhen:
Thespaceaboveisconditioned Slabisonefootorlessbelowgrade

R10insulationrequired,extending
2feetbelowgradeforclimatezones4and5 4feetbelowgradeforclimatezone6

Insulationshouldextenddownwardfromthetopof theslab(withtwooptionstoreduceslabedge insulationRvalue) Exteriorslabinsulationmustbeprotected


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4/10/2012

Questions&Evaluations

NextMonthsWebinar Makeupairandlargekitchenexhaustsystems May8,2012 1:00PM


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