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Standarrdd SSppeecciifications

for Structtuurraall SSuupports


for Hiigghhwwaayy Signs,
LLummiinnaaiirreess, and
Traaffffiicc SSignals
Fifth Edition 2009
2010 Interim Revisions to


2010 by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
All rights reserved. Duplication is a violation of applicable law.
ISBN: 978-1-56051-492-3 Pub Code: LTS-5-I1



American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
444 North Capitol Street, NW Suite 249
Washington, DC 20001
202-624-5800 phone/202-624-5806 fax
www.transportation.org


2010 by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. All rights reserved. Duplication is
a violation of applicable law.
2010 by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
All rights reserved. Duplication is a violation of applicable law.

2010 INTERIM TO STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS
FOR STRUCTURAL SUPPORTS FOR HIGHWAY
INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION SIGNS, LUMINAIRES, AND TRAFFIC SIGNALS

iii
INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION
General
AASHTO has issued proposed interim revisions to Standard Specifications for Structural Supports for Highway
Signs, Luminaires, and Traffic Signals, Fifth Edition (2009). This packet contains the revised pages. They are not
designed to replace the corresponding pages in the book but rather to be kept with the book for fast reference.

Affected Articles
Underlined text indicates revisions that were approved in 2010 by the AASHTO Highways Subcommittee on Bridges
and Structures. Strikethrough text indicates any deletions that were likewise approved by the Subcommittee. A list of
affected articles is included below.
All interim pages are printed on blue paper to make the changes stand out when inserted in the second edition binder.
They also have a page header displaying the section number affected and the interim publication year. Please note that
these pages may also contain nontechnical (e.g. editorial) changes made by AASHTO publications staff; any changes of
this type will not be marked in any way so as not to distract the reader from the technical changes.
Please note that in response to user concerns, page breaks are now being added within sections between
noncontiguous articles. This change makes it an option to insert the changes closer to the affected articles.

Table i2010 Changed Articles
SECTION 4: ANALYSIS AND DESIGNGENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
4.8.1

SECTION 6: ALUMINUM DESIGN
6.7.1 6.12




2010 by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
All rights reserved. Duplication is a violation of applicable law.
2010 INTERIM TO STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS
FOR STRUCTURAL SUPPORTS FOR HIGHWAY
SECTION 4 SIGNS, LUMINAIRES, AND TRAFFIC SIGNALS

1
SECTION 4: ANALYSIS AND DESIGNGENERAL
CONSIDERATIONS
4.8Second-Order Effects
4.8.1Simplified Method
Revise the following paragraph as follows:

In the combined stress ratio equations, the bending stress for steel, f
b
, and aluminum (in Eq. 5-16 in
(Article 5.12.1) and the bending stresses for aluminum, f
b
, f
bx
and f
by
, in and Eqs. 6-30 and 6-30a in (Article 6.7.1)),
shall be divided by the coefficient of amplification, C
A
, to account for the secondary moment. The coefficient for
amplification C
A
shall be taken as:

2010 by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
All rights reserved. Duplication is a violation of applicable law.
2010 by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
All rights reserved. Duplication is a violation of applicable law.
2010 INTERIM TO STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS
FOR STRUCTURAL SUPPORTS FOR HIGHWAY
SECTION 6 SIGNS, LUMINAIRES, AND TRAFFIC SIGNALS

3
SECTION 6: ALUMINUM DESIGN
6.7Combined Stresses
6.7.1Vertical Cantilever Pole-Type Supports
Add the following before paragraph 2 of this Article:

In addition to Eq. 6-30, square extruded tubes used as vertical cantilever pole-type supports bent about a skewed
(diagonal) axis shall satisfy the following requirement:

2
0
1.0
by
a bx s
s a A A bx by
f
f f f
F C F C F F
o
o
| |
| | | | | |
|
| | |
| | |
|
\ . \ . \ .
\ .
+ + s +
(6-30a)


f
bx
= bendingstress about x axis

f
by
= bendingstress about y axis

For tubes with all elements S S
1
(defined in Table 6-3):

=1.60

cy
bx
y
F
F
n
=
(6-30b)



cy
by
y
F
F
n
=
(6-30c)


For tubes with elements S
1
<S S
2
(defined in Table 6-3):

= 1.0

F
bx
= F
b
in Table 6-3

F
by
= F
b
in Table 6-3

C6.7.1
Revise paragraph 2, sentence 4 as follows:

The term F
a0
is used when the axial stress is small and the term f
b
/F
b
f
a
/F
a0
is usually of negligible magnitude.

Add the following paragraph to the end of the Article:

Menzemer et al. (2009) compared theoretical diagonal bending to experimental tests. The interaction increase in
allowable stress is justified for tubes bent about the diagonal for sections with limited width-thickness ratios. Although
the diagonal strength properties are significantly less than the primary axis properties, tests show additional strength
compared with current strength predictions. For compact sections, the reserve strength is 33 percent higher for bending
about a diagonal axis (Z
x
/

S
x
= 1.5) than about the principle axes (Z
x
/

S
x
= 1.13), where Z
x
and S
x
are plastic and elastic
section moduli, respectively.
2010 by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
All rights reserved. Duplication is a violation of applicable law.
2010 by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
All rights reserved. Duplication is a violation of applicable law.
2010 INTERIM TO STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS
FOR STRUCTURAL SUPPORTS FOR HIGHWAY
SECTION 6 SIGNS, LUMINAIRES, AND TRAFFIC SIGNALS

5

6.12REFERENCES

Add the following reference:

Menzemer, C., D. White, J . Bowman, and R. Minor. 2009. Bending of Hollow Aluminum Tubes about a Diagonal
Axis, Light Metal Age. South San Francisco, CA. Vol. 67, No. 6, November/December 2009, pp. 2427.

2010 by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
All rights reserved. Duplication is a violation of applicable law.