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Code no.: v1a Observing competition planetarium round General instructions 1. There are 2 questions, each worth 25 points.

. You have 80 minutes to solve them, of which : (a) 20 minutes for reading the question and preparing for the o servations, ( ) 40 minutes to perform all the o servations in the planetarium (2! minutes for each questions), (c) 20 minutes for calculations and finishing "our wor#. 2. $dditional time is allowed to move to and from the planetarium. %. $long with the questions "ou will e given a map of the s#", for use with oth questions. The map is for epoch & 2!!!.!, using a polar pro'ection with a linear scale in declination, and covers stars down to a out 5th magnitude. You will also e given paper for wor#ing and notes, writing implements, a pencil sharpener and an eraser. (lease ta#e ever"thing from the des# in the first room with "ou to the planetarium dome, as "ou will e going to a different room afterwards to finish "our wor#. ). $t "our place in the dome "ou will find a torch and clip oard. (lease leave these two items ehind for the ne*t contestant. 5. +nl" answers given in the appropriate places on the question sheet and on the map of the s#" will e assessed. The additional wor#sheets will not e assessed. ,. -learl" mar# ever" page with "our code num er. About the questions In Question 1 1. The s#" is stationar", the o server is on the surface of the .arth. 2. /isi le on the s#" are: a comet, the 0oon and a nova of a out 2 nd magnitude. %. 1rom the 11th minute, a grid representing hori2ontal coordinates will e pro'ected on the s#", and will remain on until the end of the question. In Question 2 1. 1our consecutive da"s on the surface of 0ars will e shown. 2. There is a 0artian ase visi le on the hori2on. %. 3uring the 0artian da"time the s#" will e slightl" rightened. ). The moons of 0ars and the other planets will not e displa"ed. 5. The local meridian will e continuousl" visi le on the s#". !ote A"imuth is counted #rom 0$ to %&0$ starting at ' through () !) *+

Code no.: v1a Observing competition planetarium round 1+ *arth $) +n the map of the s#", mar# (with a cross) and la el the nova (mar# it 456) and the 0oon (mar# it with a 0oon s"m ol) and draw the shape and position of the comet. 7) 8n the ta le elow, circle onl" those o 'ects which are a ove the astronomical hori2on. 5ote: "ou will lose 1 point for ever" incorrect answer. 02! 9 Triffid 5e ula < -"g 9 3ene : -ep 9 $lrediph o -et 9 0ira 05= 9 >ing 5e ula < 7oo 9 $rcturus : -0a 9 ;e2en ? (er 9 $lgol 0)) 9 (raesepe (7eehive -luster)

-) ;hen the coordinate grid is visi le, mar# on the map the northern part of the local meridian (from the 2enith to the hori2on) and the ecliptic north pole (with a cross and mar#ed 4(6). 3) 1or the displa"ed s#", give the : geographical latitude of the o server : Aocal Bidereal Time : time of "ear, " circling the calendar month : &an, 1e , 0ar, $pr, 0a", &un, &ul, $ug, Bep, +ct, 5ov, 3ec. @........., @.........,

.) Cive the names of the o 'ects, whose appro*imate hori2ontal coordinates are : a2imuth A 1 @ )5 D and altitude h 1 @ 5E D : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , a2imuth A 2 @ 2=E D and altitude h 2 @ 2! D : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (8f "ou can, use 7a"er designations, 8$F a reviations and 0essier num ers or .nglish or Aatin names.) 1) Cive the hori2ontal coordinates (a2imuth, altitude) of : Birius ( -0a) : A% @ . . . . . . . . . . . G h% @ . . . . . . . . . . . .

The $ndromeda Cala*" (0 %1) : A ) @ . . . . . . . . . . . G h ) @ . . . . . . . . . . . . C) Cive the equatorial coordinates of the star mar#ed on the s#" with a red arrow : @................G @................

Code no.: v1a 2+ ,ars H) Cive the areographic (0artian) latitude of the o server : @.........

8) Cive the altitudes of upper (hu) and lower (hl) culmination of : (ollu* (? Cem) : 3ene (< -"g) hu @ . . . . . . . . . . G hu @ . . . . . . . . . . G hl @ . . . . . . . . . . , hl @ . . . . . . . . . . ,

&) Cive the areocentric (0artian) declination of : >egulus (< Aeo) Toliman (< -en) @.......... . @.......... .

I) B#etch diagrams to illustrate "our wor#ing in questions (8) and (&) a ove : Zenith Zenith

Nadir

Nadir

A) on the map of the s#", mar# (with a cross) and la el (406) the 0artian celestial 5orth (ole. 0) Cive the a2imuth of the o server as seen from the 0artian ase : A@......... . 5) .stimate the location of the ase on 0ars, and circle the appropriate description : a. near the .quator c. near the northern $rctic circle b. near the northern Tropic circle d. near the 5orth (ole

+) The time a*is elow shows the 0artian "ear and the seasons in the northern hemisphere. 0ar# the date represented " the planetarium displa" on the a*is.

spring

summer

autumn

winter