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Question Word what

Function asking for information about something asking for repetition or confirmation

Example What is your name? What? I can't hear you. You did what? What did you do that for? When did he leave? Where do they live? Which colour do you want? Who opened the door?

what...for when where which who

asking for a reason, asking why asking about time asking in or at what place or position asking about choice asking what or which person or people (subject) asking what or which person or people (object) asking about ownership


Whom did you see?


Whose are these keys? Whose turn is it? Why do you say that? Why don't I help you? How does this work? How was your exam? see examples below How far is Pattaya from Bangkok? How long will it take? How many cars are there? How much money do you have? How old are you? How come I cant see her ?

why why don't how

asking for reason, asking what...for making a suggestion asking about manner asking about condition or quality

how + adj/adv how far

asking about extent or degree distance

how long how many how much

length (time or space) quantity (countable) quantity (uncountable)

how old how come (informal)

age asking for reason, asking why

Question words are also called wh questions because they include the letters 'W' and 'H'. Question words who where why when how what which whose whom what kind what time how many how much how long how often how far how old how come person place reason time manner object, idea or action choice possession object of the verb description time quantity (countable) Meaning Examples Who's that? That's Nancy. Where do you live? In Boston Why do you sleep early? Because I've got to get up early When do you go to work? At 7:00 How do you go? By car What do you do? I am an engineer Which one do you prefer? The red one. Whose is this book? It's Alan's. Whom did you meet? I met the manager. What kind of music do you like? I like quiet songs What time did you come home? How many students are there? There are twenty.

amount, price (uncountable) How much time have we got? Ten minutes duration, length frequency distance age reason How long did you stay in that hotel? For two weeks. How often do you go to the gym? Twice a week. How far is your school? It's one mile far. How old are you? I'm 16. How come I didn't see at the party?

Asking questions
1.If you ask about the subject of the sentence, simply add the question word at the beginning: Example: James writes good poems. Who writes good pems? 2.If you ask about the predicate of the sentence (the part of a sentence which contains the verb and gives information about the subject), there are three options:

If there is a helping (auxilary) verb that precedes the main verb ( foe example, can, is, are, was, were, will, would...), add the question word and invert the subject and the helping (auxilary) verb. Examples: He can speak Chinese. What can he speak? They are leaving tonight. When are they leaving? If you ask about the predicate and there is no helping (auxilary) verb and the verb is "to be", simply add the question verb and invert the subject and the verb. Example: The play was interesting. How was the play? If there is no helping (auxilary) verb in the the predicate and the main verb is not "to be", add the auxilary "do" in the appropriate form. Examples: They go to the movies every Saturday. Where do they go to the movies? He wakes up early. When does he wake up? They sent a letter. What did they send?

Learning strategies Learning strategies or study skills determine the approach for achieving the learning objectives. The strategies are usually tied to your needs and interests to enhance learning and are based on many types of learning styles. Here are some strategies that can help you be successful in your studies. Set small, achievable goals Start with small steps to reach higher targets. 1. 2. 3. 4. For example, try to learn 5 new English vocabulary items every day. Set a 30 minutes study session every day. Learn the lyrics of an English song every now and then. Read a short English text every day.

Setting small targets is much better than setting huge goals that you cannot achieve. Remember that "small drops of water make the mighty ocean" Plan your studies Planning your studies gives meaning to your work. If you know all the steps necessary to achieve a goal and these steps are written down on a piece of paper, it will be easy for you, then, to see the whole picture. Be motivated The secret to success is that you should be motivated to learn. Try to avoid boredom by having fun in what you do. Try to find a positive aspect to studying English. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Read about what you are interested in (hobbies, fields of interest...) Watch your favourite films in English Listen to your favourite English songs and learn the lyrics. Write your diary in English. Read about your favorite stars in...

Remember, we learn better and fast things we really want to learn. Manage your time In order to manage your time successfully, having an awareness of what your goals are will assist you in prioritizing your activities. Time management provides you with the opportunity to create a schedule that works for you, not for others. This personal touch gives you the flexibility to include the things that are most important to you. Set a reward for yourself Set a reward for yourself that you can look forward to. For example, when you reach a goal, give yourself a reward: 1. 2. 3. 4. Watch a movie. have a delicious snack. Meet your friends. Go to the caf.

There are eight wh-questions, which, what, who, whom, whose, when, where and why and to this list we usually add how as they are all used to elicit particular kinds of information.
Who, what, which and whose can all be used to elicit information about the subject or object of the sentence. Whom can only be used to elicit information about the object of the sentence. Although using whom would be grammatically correct, we normally use who instead because it doesnt sound so formal. When which, what, who or whose refers to the subject, the question word comes before the verb without the use of the auxiliary do. Note that who always refers to people and that before nouns which and what can refer to things or people: Who won the race? Barry. Barry won the race. Which train arrived first the 7.15 from Reading or the 7.30 from Oxford? The 7.15 from Reading arrived first. Which trainee received the best-student award? The one from India got the first prize. When the question word is the object of the sentence, we have to use the auxiliary do: So, if Barry won the race, who(m) did he have to beat? He had to beat Simon and Pierre. Which train did Susan catch? She caught the 7.15 from Reading. which or what? When there are only two or three possibilities to choose from, which is normally preferred. When there are an unlimited number of choices, what is used. Compare the following: Which biscuits do you want me to buy milk chocolate or plain chocolate? Id like the milk chocolate ones, please. What kind of work do you do? I work as a lawyer for a firm in the city. whose Whose indicates possession, and like which and what, can be used with or without a noun as a question word Compare the following: Whose coat is this? Its Joans. Whose is that red car across the road? Its the electricians. What precautions did you take? I made sure I was wearing lots of warm clothes. What did you do then?

I simply set off through the snow. when, where, why and how These question words elicit an adverbial expression and ask for information about time (when), place (where), reason (why) and method or way in which something is done (how). Compare the following: When will you next be in London? The week after next. When are you getting married? I'm not sure, next summer or autumn, perhaps. Where are you getting married? In an old church near my village. Its such a romantic place. Where does your fiance come from? Shes from Ecuador. Why didnt you get married earlier? Weve both been too busy, I guess. How was your holiday? Oh, it was great. Just what we needed. How do you like your coffee? With just a dash of milk and two sugars. How about some cake to go with it? OK, why not?