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Rising Main Sizing (Direct Supply for 1-5/F)

i) Flow Rate

By using of IOP Plumbing Engineering Services Design Guide Table A1, the total loading units can
be calculated as below:

Type of Sanitary
Fixture
Loading
Unit
Quantity of Fitments Loading Unit
Wash Basin 1.5 (2 X 4) x 5 =40 1.5 L.U. x 40 = 60L.U.
Sink 3 (1 X 4) x 5 =20 3 L.U. x 20 =60 L.U.
Bath Tub 10 (1 X 4) x 5 =20 10 L.U. x 20 = 200L.U.
Wash Machine 3 (1 X 4) x 5 =20 3 L.U. x 20 = 60L.U.
Total 380L.U.

From IOP Plumbing Engineering Services Design Guide Graph A1, 380L.U. is equivalent to
3.5L/s.

ii) Size of Rising Main

The rising main is copper pipe and from IOP Plumbing Engineering Services Design Guide, Graph
A1, the selection is as follow:

Flow Rate
L/s
Pressure Loss per
meter m/m
Velocity
m/s
Pipe Size
mm
3.5 0.02 1.0 67

Thus, the size of rising main for Direct Supply System (1/F-5/F) is 67mm.

Rising Main Sizing (Indirect Supply for 6-25/F)


i) Roof tank refilling rate:

Assume the water refilling time for the roof tank is 30 minutes
Cold water roof tank capacity = 5,737 lit.
Refilling rates = 5,737 lit. /(30 x 60 sec.)
= 3.2 lit./s

ii) Checking by the loading unit

By using of IOP Plumbing Engineering Services Design Guide Table A1, the total loading units can
be calculated as below:

Type of Sanitary
Fixture
Loading unit Quantity of Fitments Loading Unit
Wash Basin 1.5 (2 X 4) x 19 =152 1.5 L.U. x 152 = 228L.U.
Sink 3 (1 X 4) x 19 =76 3 L.U. x 76 = 228L.U.
Bath Tub 10 (1 X 4) x 19 =76 10 L.U. x 76 = 760L.U.
Wash Machine 3 (1 X 4) x 19 =76 3 L.U. x 76 = 228L.U.
Total 1,444L.U.

From IOP Plumbing Engineering Services Design Guide Graph A1, 1,444L.U. is equivalent to
8.9L/s. say 9.0 L/s.

iii) Rising Main size

As the maximum demand flow rate is greater than the refilling rate in our design assumption, so the
rising main size will be based on the maximum loading flow rate 9.0 L/s. The rising main is ductile
iron pipe and from supplier s catalogue, the selection is as follow:

Flow Rate
(L/s)
Pressure Loss per
(meter m/m)
Velocity
(m/s)
Pipe Size
(mm)
9 0.01643 1.25 100

Thus, the size of rising main for Direct Supply System (6/F-25/F) is 100mm .

iv) Up-Feed Pump Sizing

Pump No.: CWUP-01&02
Destination: From G/F to Upper Roof
Flow Rate: = 90 L/S
Vertical Distance: = 73.5m
Pump Head: = 73.5 x 1.2
= 88.2 say 90m
Pump Efficiency: = 60%
Pump Shaft Power: = (VPgh)/(0.6 x 1000)
= (9 x 1000 x 10 x 90) / (0.6 x 1000)
= 13.35KW
Motor Efficiency: = 85%
Motor Rating: = 13.35 / 0.85
= 15.7KW
Motor Starting Method: Star Delta