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Table of English Tenses

Affirmative/Negative/ Tense Question $re%uen!& adver s 'al(a&s" ever& )" never" normall&" often" fa!ts" general truths seldom" sometimes" usuall&* if senten!es t&pe + 'If I talk, * future meaning# a timeta le on!e a da&" t(i!e a month... or s!hedule on Tuesda&s Ha itual a!tions at the moment" ,ust" ,ust no(" -isten." -ook." no(" right no(" at present a!tion taking pla!e onl& for toda&" tonight" tomorro(" ne/t (eek a limited period of time a!tion taking pla!e in the moment of speaking a!tion arranged for the future Simple Past A: He spoke. N: He did not speak. Q: Did he speak? a!tion in the past taking pla!e on!e" never or several times a!tions taking pla!e one after another a!tion taking pla!e in the middle of another a!tion Past Continuous A: He (as speaking. N: He (as not speaking. Q: Was he speaking? a!tion going on at a !ertain time in the past a!tions taking pla!e at the same time a!tion in the past that is interrupted & another a!tion Present Perfect Simple A: He has spoken. N: He has not spoken. Q: Has he spoken? puputting emphasis on the result $or 4 periods of time Sin!e 4 points in time a!tion that is still going on alread&" ever" ,ust" never" &et" so far" till no(" up to no( a!tion that stopped re!entl& on!e" efore finished a!tion that has an re!entl&" latel& Ho( long? influen!e on the present Toda&" this (eek" this &ear"this a!tion that has taken pla!e morning" this afternoon on!e" never or several times efore the moment of speaking (hen" (hile" as long as &esterda&" 0 minutes ago" in 1223" the other da&" last $rida& if senten!e t&pe ++ 'If I talked, * Use Signal Words

Simple Present

A: He speaks. N: He does not speak. Q: Does he speak?

Present Continuous

A: He is speaking. N: He is not speaking. Q: +s he speaking?

Present Perfect Continuous A: He has een speaking. all da&" for 5 &ears" sin!e 1226" putting emphasis on the N: He has not een speaking. ho( long?" the (hole (eek !ourse or duration 'not the result* Q: Has he een speaking? a!tion that re!entl& stopped or is still going on finished a!tion that influen!ed the present Past Perfect Simple A: He had spoken. N: He had not spoken. a!tion taking pla!e efore a alread&" ,ust" never" not &et" on!e" until that da&

Q: Had he spoken?

!ertain time in the past sometimes inter!hangea le (ith past perfe!t progressive putting emphasis onl& on the fact 'not the duration*

if senten!e t&pe +++ 'If I had talked, *

Past Perfect Progressive

A: He had een speaking. N: He had not een speaking. Q: Had he een speaking?

a!tion taking pla!e efore a !ertain time in the past sometimes inter!hangea le (ith past perfe!t simple putting emphasis on the duration or course of an a!tion

for" sin!e" the (hole da&" all da&

Future Simple

A: He (ill speak. N: He (ill not speak. Q: Will he speak? Shall +/(e in %uestions

in a &ear" ne/t )" tomorro( +f7Sent. T&pe + 'If you ask her, she will help you.* Time !lauses '(hen" as soon as" spontaneous de!ision efore" after" until..* assumption (ith regard to + think" + don8t think" +8m sure promise" hope" e/pe!t" elieve the future suggestions" re%uests" offers pro a l&" perhaps" ma& e a!tion in the future that !annot e influen!ed 'predi!tions* de!ision made for the future eviden!e (ith regard to the future in one &ear" ne/t (eek" tomorro( in one &ear" ne/t (eek" tomorro(

Be going to

A: He is going to speak. N: He is not going to speak. Q: +s he going to speak? A: He (ill e speaking. N: He (ill not e speaking. Q: Will he e speaking?

Future Continuous

a!tion that is going on at a !ertain time in the future a!tion that is sure to happen in the near future

Future Perfect

A: He (ill have spoken. a!tion that (ill e finished N: He (ill not have spoken. at a !ertain time in the future Q: Will he have spoken? A: He (ould speak. N: He (ould not speak. Q: Would he speak? A: He (ould have spoken. N: He (ould not have spoken. Q: Would he have spoken? a!tion that might take pla!e

& 9onda&" in a (eek

Conditional Simple

if senten!es t&pe ++ 'If I were you, I would go home.*

Condicional Perfect

if senten!es t&pe +++ a!tion that might have taken 'If I had seen that, I would have pla!e in the past helped.*