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MSc Mobile Communications

EEM130 Research Dissertation Proposal Form

STUDENT ID 0831000
STUDENT NAME MOHAMMED AZIZUDDIN FARIYAZ
RESEARCH TOPIC QPSK MODULATION AND DEMODULATION LABORATORY
AND MATLAB SIMULATION
SUPERVISOR Mr. HAMID HAKIMAZARI

SUBMISSION DATE **/**/20**

Discuss briefly the scope of the research:

The brief scope of the research is as follows :


1. The main aim is to design and implement a qpsk modulator and demodulator.
2. To study the block diagram and study the components available in the laboratory and to build a
QPSK modulator demodulator.
3.The theoretical Comparison of the BPSK and the QPSK and to show the advantages and the
disadvantages of the QPSK over other techniques in the DIGITAL MODULATION
TECHNIQUES.
4.It is used in CDMA ,VOICEDATA SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM,DIGITAL
VIDEO BROADCASTING SATELLITE.
5.I proposed a new simple design for a Quadrature Phase shift Keying (QPSK) modulator applied
for implantable telemetry applications as demonstrated. Matlab programming
code is used to generate QPSK digital signal. The input test We used the local clock oscillator for
test, The modeled Modulator has been designed and simulated and performance was evaluated by
measurements. The design has low power consumption and size for biomedical
applications.Furthermore, the advantages of this modulator are it can be reconfigured and upgraded
to enhance the data rate.
6. To plot the bit error rate , constellation diagram and the SNR GRAPH of QPSK

Literature search: Can you identify any particular papers?

IN QPSK TWO bit i.e dibits are clocked in to the bit splitter . after two bits have been serially
inputted they are simultaneously out putted .
PHASE SHIFT KEYING OR PSK IS A DIGITAL MODULATION TECHNIQUE THAT
CONVEYS DATA BY CHANGING OR MODULATING THE PHASE OF THE CARRIER
WAVES .QPSK modulator is two BPSK modulator combined in parallel. QPSK is a common type
of phase modulation . used in applications including CDMA(CODE DIVISION MULTIPLE
ACCESS)cellular services for reverse link mobile to base , wireless local loop , iridium ( a voice
data satellite system) and DVB-S (DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCASTING SATELLITE),cable
modems , cables(return path)e.t.c

Comment on how you might evaluate your own the research goals:
WE HAVE TO STUDY THE COMPONENTS IN THE LABORATORY AND HAVE TO
MODULATE THE CARRIER WAVE AND DEMODULATE IT USING THE QPSK AT THE
TRANSMITTER AND THE RECIEVER . USING THE CODECS WE HAVE TO MODULATE
THE CARRIER WAVE AND RECEIVE OR DEMODULATE IT . WE HAVE TO DO THE
CONNECTIONS IN THE CIRCUIT USING THE BLOCK DIAGRAM AND SOME
COMPENENTS .
THIS TYPE OF MODULATION CAN BE USED IN THE TRANSMISSION OF THE CARRIER
WAVE IN CDMA AND ALSO IN SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS BECAUSE IT
ENABLES HAVING A SIGNAL THAT IS LITTLE SENSITIVE TO INTERFERENCE WITH A
CORRECT SYMBOL RATE .

MATLAB/Simulink to verify and validate the modulator specifications. The modulator is consists
of carrier source to produce a periodic pulse signal (carrier f ), fed to a carrier phase shifter; which
shift the input carrier into four different phase signals (0°, 90°, 180°, 270°) interfaced to
multiplexer.While the data source was generated with PN_suqance, fed to data mapping to generate
I and Q signals to influence the four phase different carries. The output is selected by multiplexer
which provides digital QPSK signal, this signal filtered with analogue filter before transmitted to
pass fundamental frequency and eliminates the higher frequencies associated with the square
signal.
Concise outline of the Research Methodology you plan to use:

TO DO THE MODULTAION IN THE LABORATORY USING THE QPSK TRANSMISSION AND


RECEPTION OF THE CARRIER SIGNAL AND STUDY THE CHANGE IN PHASE AND TO
IMPLEMENT AND DESIGN THE QPSK AND USE THE MATLAB SIMULINK PROGRAMME TO
SIMULATE THE QPSK CARIIER SIGNAL AND ITS MODULATION AND DEMODULATION AND
TO GET THE BIT ERROR RATE , CONSTELLATION DIAGRAM AND THE SNR GRAPH

Biomedical implant telemetry devices are increasingly applied today in various areas in
medical applications, such as telemedicine, biotelemetry, and health medical care
treatments for chronic diseases epilepsy and blindness patients; which are using
wireless infrastructure environment .wireless implant telemetry (TWIT).Wireless
inductive coupling link is common way for transfer the RF power and data to
communicate between readers and a battery-less implant Demand for higher data rate
for the acquisition data returned from the body are increasing, and require an efficient
modulator to achieve high transfer rate and low power consumption. In such applications
QPSK modulation has advantages over other schemes, and double symbol rate with
respect to the BPSK over the same spectrum band. Contrast to analogue modulators for
generating QPSK signals,where the circuit complexity and power dissipation

Discuss briefly any equipment you might require, or any data sets with
which to commence expedition of the research project:
Matlab software required for the implementations of the qpsk modulation
and demodulation . Laboratory equipmetnts like the low pass filters and
bandpass filters , local oscillators ,connection wires , codecs etc.

What knowledge and skills do you have that will be most relevant here?

Matlab and analog modulation and digital modulation technique.

References:

DIGITAL AND DATA COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS BY MARTIN S.RODEN

Electronic communication systems , fundamentals through advanced 4th edition by wayne tomasi
Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems By B.P. LATHI

— Satellite Communication By William Pratt

— Contemporary Communication Systems using Matlab By John G. Proakis

MATLAB User's Guide

url

http://cmapspublic3.ihmc.us/rid=1224197201492_249384565_5980/L4.pdf

www.google.com

http://www.ieee.org/web/web/search/results.html?
cx=006539740418318249752%3Af2h38l7gvis&cof=FORID%3A11&q=QPSK&qp=&ie=UTF-
8&oe=UTF-8&qt=QPSK#1090

Schedule for plan of research and estimated hours:

Qpsk modulation 2weeks for matlab simulation and laboratory work


Transmission 1week or 10 days
Qpsk demodulation 2weeks for matlab simulation and laboratory work
Optimization 1 week
Testing 1 week
Writing thesis and presentation will be carried out simultaneously during the experiment and
the matlab coding will also be shown in the regular intervals with the thesis and the
presentation and the work carried out will be shown to the supervisor every week .

Date submitted to Supervisor: _________________________


Supervisor Comments:

SIGNATURE OF STUDENT SIGNATURE OF SUPERVISOR

DATE DATE