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Level 1 Science
90940 (1.1): Demonstrate understanding of aspects of mechanics
Credits: Four You should answer ALL parts of ALL questions in this booklet. If you need more space for any answer, use the pa e!s" pro#ided at the back of this booklet and clearly number the question. Check that this booklet has pa es $%&' in the correct order and that none of these pa es is blank. Y ! "!S# $%&D #$'S ( )L*# # Y !+ #*%,$*+ %# #$* *&D - #$* %LL ##*D #'"*.

For Assessors use only

%chievement ,riteria %chievement .ith "erit


(emonstrate in)depth understandin of aspects of mechanics.

%chievement
(emonstrate understandin of aspects of mechanics.

%chievement .ith */cellence


(emonstrate comprehensi#e understandin of aspects of mechanics.

verall Level of 0erformance

* +ew ,ealand -ualifications Authority, $.&. All ri hts reser#ed. +o part of this publication may be reproduced by any means without the prior permission of the +ew ,ealand -ualifications Authority.

$ You are ad#ised to spend 0. minutes answerin the questions in this booklet. You will find the following formula useful.
v= d t EK = a= 1 mv 2 2 v t

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Fnet = ma
W = Fd

P=

F A

E p = mgh
P= W t

g =10 NKg 1

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A student cycles every day. The speed-time graph below shows part of their journey on one day.

4his pa e has been deliberately left blank

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alculate the acceleration of the student in section A of the graph above. !ive an appropriate unit for your answer.

Acceleration "

1cience 2.23. !&.&"

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#$plain whether the forces in section ( of the raph on pa e ' are balanced or unbalanced
and how this results in the type of motion produced.

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%n your answer& you should' name the forces involved and describe their relative si(es )you may draw a labelled diagram in the bo$ below to support your answer.* lin+ the net force to the type of motion in section ,.

1cience 2.23. !&.&"

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3 alculate the distance travelled in #A - section of the speed-time graph shown on page .& and use the calculations to draw a distance-time graph for the student/s bi+e journey. %n your answer& you should' show all your wor+ing for the calculations clearly label the y-a$is of the distance-time graph with the distance travelled draw an appropriate shape for #A - section of the student/s bi+e journey.

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1cience 2.23. !&.&"

5 1!*S#' & #3 : L'-#'&4 %& (2*,# The diagram below shows a crane lifting a car from the bottom of a cliff. The cable of the crane pulls the car with a force of 10 000 1 for 22 seconds but is not able to move it.

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#$plain why no work has been done on the car even though the cable pulls with a force of 10 000 1 for 22 s.

1cience 2.23. !&.&"

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0 A force of 13 000 1 is then used to pull the car upwards. The car is lifted 20 m over a period of 40 s. alculate the power output of the crane to pull the car up 20 m. !ive an appropriate unit for your answer.

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5ower "
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The car now hangs motionless on the end of the crane/s cable. The force applied by the crane is 1. 000 1. 6se the value of the crane/s force to determine the mass of the car. !ive an appropriate unit for you answer. %n your answer& you should include an e$planation of the difference between mass and weight.

7ass of car "

1cience 2.23. !&.&"

1!*S#' & #$+**: S#%&D'&4

6 & S& 3

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The diagram below shows two s+is each with a length of 1.30 m and an average width of 0.10 m.

8osemary stands upright on the s+is in the snow. The combined mass of 8osemary and the s+is is 40 +g.
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alculate the pressure that 8osemary e$erts on the snow when she stands upright on the s+is. !ive an appropriate unit for your answer.

5ressure "

1cience 2.23. !&.&"

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7 9acob& her brother& stands on the snow wearing tramping boots with a length of 0.2: m and an average width of 0.12 m& as shown in the diagram below. The combined mass of 9acob and his boots is :: +g.

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;tate whether 8osemary <8 9acob will sin+ deeper into the snow and e$plain the physics principles for this. %n you answer& you should consider' the contact area of the s+is and tramping boots the relationship between pressure and surface area the mathematical relationship between pressure& force& and area. 5erson that will sin+ deeper' #$planation'

1cience 2.23. !&.&"

2 1!*S#' & - !+: S)''&4 D 3& % SL 0* 8osemary s+is down a slope in a straight line& as shown in the diagram below. At the bottom of the slope& her speed is 4 ms-1. The combined mass of 8osemary and her s+is is 40 +g.

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8osemary was stationary before she started s+iing down the slope& and it too+ her .3.: s to travel 110 m. alculate her average speed down the slope.

Average speed "


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ms-1

alculate the +inetic energy of 8osemary and her s+is as she reaches the bottom of the slope when she is moving at 4 ms-1. !ive an appropriate unit for your answer.

=inetic energy "

1cience 2.23. !&.&"

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&. The +inetic energy gained by 8osemary when she reached the bottom of the slope does not e>ual the energy she had when she was stationary at the top of the slope. #$plain using the principles of physics why her energy at the top of the slope and her energy at the bottom of the slope are not equal. %n your answer& you should' name the type of energy 8osemary has at the top of the slope calculate the difference between her +inetic energy at the bottom of the slope and her energy at the top of the slope justify the difference between her +inetic energy at the bottom of the slope and her energy at the top of the slope.

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1cience 2.23. !&.&"

&& */tra paper for continuing 5our ans.ers6 if re7uired. ,learl5 num8er the 7uestion.
-uestion number

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1cience 2.23. !&.&"

&$ */tra paper for continuing 5our ans.ers6 if re7uired. ,learl5 num8er the 7uestion.
-uestion number

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1cience 2.23. !&.&"