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Internet

The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide It is defined as network of networks The Internet is also often referred to as the Net The terms Internet and World Wide Web are often used in everyday speech without much distinction The Internet is a global data communications system It is a hardware and software infrastructure that provides connectivity between computers The !eb is one of the services communicated via the Internet It is a collection of interconnected documents and other resources" linked by hyperlinks and #$%s communication(email) information data transfer(file sharing)

Services:

How the Internet Works


Transport control protocol (TCP) & protocol that operates at the transport layer and is used in combination with IP by most Internet applications 'ackbone &n Internet high(speed" long distance communications links (like a bus) wire that connects nodes) #niform resource locator (#$%) &n assigned address on the Internet for each computer * g " http+//www yorku ca/

Access to the Internet


, %&- servers %ocal servers can provide access to the Internet through normal connections (e g " *thernet) . Serial line internet protocol (S%IP) and Point(to(point protocol (PPP) Communications protocol software that transmits packets over telephone lines" allowing dial(up access to the Internet / Connection via an on(line service *0amples are &merica 1nline and 2icrosoft -etwork These services usually re3uire sign(up procedures

Intranet

An intranet is a private computer network that uses Internet Protocol technology to securely share any part of an organization's information or network operating system within that organization. used to deliver tools and applications, used as corporate culture-change platforms. For e ample, large num!ers of employees discussing key issues

benefits:
Workforce productivity" Intranets can help users to locate and view information faster and use applications relevant to their roles and responsi!ilities. Time" Intranets allow organizations to distri!ute information to employees on an as-needed !asis Communication" Intranets can serve as powerful tools for communication within an organization, vertically and horizontally Web publishing allows cum!ersome corporate knowledge to !e maintained and easily accessed throughout the company using hypermedia and #e! technologies. $ amples include" employee manuals, !enefits documents,

Business operations and management" Intranets are also !eing used as a platform for developing and deploying applications to support !usiness operations and decisions across the internetworked enterprise. Cost-effective" %sers can view information and data via we!-!rowser rather than maintaining physical documents such as procedure manuals, internal phone list and re&uisition forms. Enhance collaboration" Information is easily accessi!le !y all authorised users, which ena!les teamwork. Cross-platform capability" 'tandards-compliant we! !rowsers are availa!le for #indows, (ac, and %)I*. Built for one audience" (any companies dictate computer specifications which, in turn, may allow Intranet developers to write applications that only have to work on one !rowser Promote common corporate culture" $very user has the a!ility to view the same information within the Intranet. Immediate updates" #hen dealing with the pu!lic in any capacity, laws, specifications, and parameters can change.

Supports a distributed computing architecture" +he intranet can also !e linked to a company,s management information system, for e ample a time keeping system.

E T!"#ET
An e tranet is a computer network that allows controlled access from the outside, for specific !usiness or educational purposes. An e tranet can !e viewed as an e tension of a company's intranet that is e tended to users outside the company, usually partners, vendors, and suppliers. An e tranet re&uires network security. +hese can include firewalls, server management, the issuance and use of digital certificates or similar means of user authentication, encryption of messages, and the use of virtual private networks -.P)s/ that tunnel through the pu!lic network.

"dvantages
$ change large volumes of data using $lectronic 0ata Interchange -$0I/
'hare product catalogs e clusively with trade partners 1olla!orate with other companies on 2oint development efforts 3ointly develop and use training programs with other companies Provide or access services provided !y one company to a group of other companies, such as an online !anking application managed !y one company on !ehalf of affiliated !anks

$isadvantages

$ tranets can !e e pensive to implement and maintain within an organization -e.g., hardware, software, employee training costs/, if hosted internally rather than !y an application service provider.

'ecurity of e tranets can !e a concern when hosting valua!le or proprietary information.