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Project

Spreadsheets to BS 8110 etc

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Location

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Made by

Basement wall design to BS8110:1997, BS8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc.

Checked

REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL


Date

rc

Originated from 'RCC61 Basement Wall.xls' on CD

Page

01-Apr-2014
Revision

chg

1999 BCA for RCC

IDEALISED STRUCTURE and FORCE DIAGRAMS

95
Job No

DESIGN STATUS :

R68
VALID

L G K , L Q K in k N /m
X
S G K , S Q K in k N /m

W G K , W Q K in k N / m
P r o p b y G r o u n d F lo o r

E XTE R N A L

TW
H

H E

W A TE R

B 1

L W

T b

L E

L S

H W

L L

B A S E M E N T

DIMENSIONS
(mm)
H=
3500
Hw =
0
He =
2500

B=
BI =

3500
150

Tw =
Tb =

MATERIAL PROPERTIES
gm =
fcu =
35
N/mm2
2
gm =
fy =
460
N/mm
Cover to tension reinforcement (co) =
Max. allowable design surface crack width (W) =
Concrete density =
SOIL PROPERTIES
Design angle of int'l friction of retained mat'l () =
Design cohesion of retained mat'l (C ) =
Density of retained mat'l (q ) =
Submerged Density of retained mat'l (qs ) =
Design angle of int'l friction of base mat'l (b) =
Design cohesion of base mat'l (Cb ) =
Density of base mat'l (qb ) =
Allowable gross ground bearing pressure (GBP) =
LOADINGS (unfactored)
Surcharge load -- live (SQK) =
Surcharge load -- dead (SGK) =
Line load -- live (LQK) =
Line load -- dead (LGK) =
Distance of line load from wall (X) =
Wall load -- live (WQK) =
Wall load -- Dead (WGK) =
LATERAL FORCES

Ko
Kac

Force (kN)

PE =
PS(GK) =
PS(QK) =
PL(GK) =
PL(QK) =
PW =
Total

31.25
12.50
12.50
10.00
7.50
0.00
73.75

=
=

1.50
1.05
40
0.3
24.0

concrete
steel
mm
mm
kN/m3

30
0
20
13.33
20
0
10
150

degree
kN/m2
kN/m3
kN/m3
degree
kN/m2
kN/m3
kN/m2

10
10
15
20
250
50
50

kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m
kN/m
mm
kN/m
kN/m

0.50
1.41

default Ko = (1-SIN ) = 0.50


= 2Ko0.5

Lever arm (m)

LE =
LS =
LS =
LL =
LL =
LW =

225
350

0.833
1.25
1.25
2.29
2.29
0.00

Wall Geometry

(Only granular backfill considered, ie "C" = 0)


(default=2/3 of q), only apply when Hw >0
=
20.00
ASSUMPTIONS
a) Wall friction is zero
b) Minimum active earth pressure = 0.25qH
c) Granular backfill
h) Design not intended for walls over 3.5 m high

gf

Ultimate Force (kN)

1.40
1.40
1.60
1.40
1.60
1.40

43.75
17.50
20.00
14.00
12.00
0.00
107.25

Project

Spreadsheets to BS 8110 etc

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Location

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REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL


Made by

Date

rc

Basement wall design to BS8110:1997, BS8002:1994. BS 8004:1986Checked


etc.
Originated from 'RCC61 Basement Wall.xls' on CD

Page

01-Apr-2014
Revision

chg

1999 BCA for RCC

EXTERNAL STABILITY

96
Job No

R68

STABILITY CHECK :

OK

ANALYSIS - Assumptions & Notes


1) Wall idealised as a propped cantilever ( i.e. pinned at top and fixed at base )
2) Wall is braced.
3) Maximum slenderness of wall is limited to 15, i.e [ 0.9*(He-Tb/2)/Tw < 15 ]
4) Maximum Ultimate axial load on wall is limited to 0.1fcu times the wall cross-sectional area
5) Design Span (Effective wall height) = He - (Tb/2)
6) -ve moment is hogging ( i.e. tension at external face of wall )
+ve moment is sagging ( i.e. tension at internal face of wall )
7) " Wall MT. " is maximum +ve moment on the wall.
8) Estimated lateral deflections are used for checking the PD effect .
UNFACTORED LOADS AND FORCES

Lateral Force

Force
(kN)

PE
PS(GK)
PS(QK)
PL(GK)
PL(QK)
PW

=
=
=
=
=
=

26.98
11.62
11.62
10.00
7.50
0.00

Total

67.73

Lever arm Base MT.


to base (m)
(kNm)

0.78
1.16
1.16
2.12
2.12
0.00

Wall MT. Reaction at Reaction at


(kNm)
Base (kN) Top (kN)

Estimated Elastic
Deflection D (mm)

-11.46
-5.72
-5.72
-5.25
-3.94
0.00

4.27
2.90
2.90
5.79
4.34
0.00

24.14
9.28
9.28
5.22
3.91
0.00

2.84
2.35
2.35
4.78
3.59
0.00

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1
0.0

-32.07

20.19

51.82

15.90

0.8

GROUND BEARING FAILURE


LOAD CASE: Wall Load
Taking moments about centre of base (anticlockwise "+")
Surcharge
Vertical FORCES (kN) Lever arm (m)

Wall load =
Wall (sw) =
Base =
Earth =
Water =
Surcharge =
Line load =
V=

100
17.01
29.40
6.45
0.00
1.50
20.00
174.36

1.49
1.49
0.00
1.68
1.68
1.68
0.00

Moment (kNm)

BEARING PRESSURE
(kN/m)

148.75
25.30
0.00
10.80
0.00
2.51
0.00
Mv = 187.37

0.00
0

150

kNm

RESULTANT MOMENT, M = Mv + Mo =

164.95

kNm

ECCENTRICITY FROM BASE CENTRE, M / V =


MAXIMUM GROSS BEARING PRESSURE =

144.58

200

m
kN/m2

< 150

(using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor)


F.O.S =

SUM of LATERAL FORCES, P =


BASE FRICTION, Fb = - ( V TANb + B.Cb ) =

51.82
-63.46

3.50

100

-22.42

SLIDING AT BASE

1
0

50

MOMENT due to LATERAL FORCES, Mo =

0.95

MAX
MIN

OK

1.50

kN
kN

Factor of Safety, Fb / P =

1.22

< 1.50

therefore, LATERAL RESISTANCE to be provided by BASEMENT SLAB = 14.27 kN

FAIL .. but

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Spreadsheets to BS 8110 etc

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Basement wall design to BS8110:1997, BS8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 Checked


etc.
Originated from 'RCC61 Basement Wall.xls' on CD

OUTER BASE ( per metre length )


gf =
1.50
Ult. Shear =
10.35
Ult. MT. =
1.66

Date
Revision

chg

1999 BCA for RCC

Page

01-Apr-2014

Job No

R68
BS8110
reference

(ASSUMED)
kN
(AT d from FACE of WALL)
kNm
TENSION - BOTTOM FACE
455
12
225
503

mm2
mm
mm
mm2

d=
Z=
As' =
Mres =

304
289
0
63.60

mm
mm
mm2
kNm

> 1.66

OK

100As/bd =
vc =
Vres =

0.29%
0.42

N/mm2
kN

> 10.35

OK

3.5.5.2

mm

< 0.30

OK

App. B.2

Min. As =
f=
centres =
As =

BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT :

MOMENT of RESISTANCE :

SHEAR RESISTANCE:

98

126.35

Table 3.25

< 762
> 455

OK
OK

3.4.4.4

Table 3.8

CHECK CRACK WIDTH IN ACCORDANCE WITH BS8007 :

X=
Acr =

60.69
115.54

INNER BASE ( per metre length )


Ult. Shear = -71.40
Ult. MT. =
49.77

em = -0.00166

mm
mm

W=

kN
kNm

MOMENT of RESISTANCE :

SHEAR RESISTANCE:

BS8007

(AT d from FACE of WALL)


TENSION - BOTTOM FACE
455
12
225
503

mm2
mm
mm
mm2

< 762
> 455

OK
OK

d=
Z=
As' =
Mres =

304
289
0
63.60

mm
mm
mm2
kNm

> 49.77

OK

100As/bd =
vc =
Vres =

0.17%
0.42

N/mm2
kN

> 71.40

OK

3.5.5.2

mm

< 0.30

OK

App. B.2

Min. As =
f=
centres =
As =

BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT :

-0.38

126.35

Table 3.25

3.4.4.4

Table 3.8

CHECK CRACK WIDTH IN ACCORDANCE WITH BS8007 :

X=
Acr =

60.69
115.54

REINFORCEMENT SUMMARY for BASE

TOP
BOTTOM
TRANSVERSE

em = -0.00033

mm
mm

W=

-0.07

BS8007

Type

centres

As

Min. As

T
T
T

mm
12
12
12

mm
225
225
225

mm2
503
503
503

mm2
455
455
455

OK
OK
OK

Project

Spreadsheets to BS 8110 etc

Client
Location

Advisory Group
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REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL


Made by

rc

Basement wall design to BS8110:1997, BS8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc.


Checked
Originated from 'RCC61 Basement Wall.xls' on CD

1999 BCA for RCC

Date

Page

01-Apr-2014
Revision

chg

R68

APPROXIMATE WEIGHT OF REINFORCEMENT per metre length of wall


No.

Type

Dia

Length

Unit Wt

Weight

WALL VERTICAL - External face


VERTICAL - Internal face
TRANSVERSE (Ext.+ Int.)

5
5
30

T
T
T

20
25
10

3310
3350
1000

2.466
3.853
0.617

40.81
64.54
18.50

BASE TOP (MAIN)


BOTTOM (MAIN)
TRANSVERSE ( T & B )
WALL STARTERS (Ext.)
WALL STARTERS (Int.)

5
5
32
5
5

T
T
T
T
T

12
12
12
20
25

3596
3596
1000
1385
1625

0.888
0.888
0.888
2.466
3.853

15.96
15.96
28.41
17.08
31.31

SUMMARY

Total reinforcement per metre length of wall (kg)

99
Job No

233

Project
Location

Spreadsheets to BS 8110 etc


DATA FOR DIAGRAMS I
Grid line 2
Basement wall design to BS8110:1997, BS8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc.
sheet 1 of 2
Originated from 'RCC61 Basement Wall.xls' on CD

Job No R68
Date 1-Apr-14

IF(ECCY>(B/1000)/6,IF(XX>(B/1000/2-ECCY)*3,0,(((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3-XX)/((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3))*BP),((VL/(B/1000)*(1-(6*ECCY)/(B/1000))))+(B/1000-XX)/(B/1000)*(BP(VL/(B/1000)*(1-(6*ECCY)/(B/1000)))))

IF(ABS(ECCY)>(B/1000)/6,IF((B-XX)>(B/1000/2-ABS(ECCY))*3,0,(((B/1000/2-ABS(ECCY))*3-(B-XX))/((B/1000/2-ABS(ECCY))*3))*BP),((VL/(B/1000)*(1(6*ABS(ECCY))/(B/1000)))) +(B/1000-(B-XX))/(B/1000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)*(1-(6*ABS(ECCY))/(B/1000)))))
IF(ABS(ECCY)>(B/1000)/6,IF(XX>(B/1000/2-ABS(ECCY))*3,0,(((B/1000/2-ABS(ECCY))*3-XX)/((B/1000/2-ABS(ECCY))*3))*BP), ((VL/(B/1000)* (16*ABS(ECCY))/(B/1000))))+(B/1000-XX)/(B/1000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)*(1-(6*ABS(ECCY))/(B/1000)))))

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

0.00
0.07
0.14
0.21
0.28
0.35
0.42
0.49
0.56
0.63
0.70
0.77
0.84
0.91
0.98
1.05
1.12
1.19
1.26
1.33
1.40
1.47
1.54
1.61
1.68
1.75
1.82
1.89
1.96
2.03
2.10
2.17
2.24
2.31
2.38
2.45
2.52
2.59
2.66
2.73
2.80
2.87
2.94
3.01
3.08
3.15
3.22
3.29
3.36
3.43
3.50

144.5786
144.5786
144.579
140.383
136.187
131.991
127.795
123.599
119.403
115.207
111.011
106.815
102.619
98.423
94.227
90.031
85.835
81.640
77.444
73.248
69.052
64.856
60.660
56.464
52.268
48.072
43.876
39.680
35.484
31.288
27.092
22.896
18.700
14.504
10.309
6.113
1.917
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0

BEARING PRESSURE DIAGRAM


M

0.00
0

3.50

50

KN/M^2

XX=

Made by rc

1999 BCA for RCC

100

150

200

BPO
BPE
BPI
BPZ

0
0.15
0.375
3.5

144.58
144.58
135.59
122.1
0

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

144.58
140.38
136.19
131.99
127.79
123.60
119.40
115.21
111.01
106.82
102.62
98.42
94.23
90.03
85.84
81.64
77.44
73.25
69.05
64.86
60.66
56.46
52.27
48.07
43.88
39.68
35.48
31.29
27.09
22.90
18.70
14.50
10.31
6.11
1.92
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.0700
0.07
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

10.12
9.83
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
19.95

1.16
0.44
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.61

0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

10.12
9.83
9.53
9.24
8.95
8.65
8.36
8.06
7.77
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
80.51

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Spreadsheets to BS 8110 etc


DATA FOR DIAGRAMS II
Grid line 2
Basement wall design to BS8110:1997, BS8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc.
sheet 2 of 2
Originated from 'RCC61 Basement Wall.xls' on CD

YY= 3.875

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

MOMENTS
MTE2=
MTE1=
MTLG=
MTLQ=
MTSG=
MTSQ=
MTW=

0.09
-28.59
-8.12
-6.09
-11.58
-11.58
-0.28

UTM= -96.12
-96.12
0
1.5594
3.1189
4.6783
6.2378
7.7972
9.3567
10.916
12.476
14.035
15.594
17.154
18.713
20.273
21.832
23.392
24.92
26.378
27.761
27.669
27.163
26.569
25.885
25.105
24.227
23.245
22.156
20.956
19.639
18.204
16.644
14.956
13.137
11.181
9.0849
6.8444
4.4554
1.9138
-0.785
-3.644
-6.668
-9.861
-13.23
-16.77
-20.5
-24.41
-28.51
-32.8
-37.3
-41.99
-46.89

0.00
0.07
0.13
0.20
0.27
0.33
0.40
0.47
0.53
0.60
0.67
0.73
0.80
0.86
0.93
1.00
1.06
1.13
1.20
1.26
1.33
1.40
1.46
1.53
1.60
1.66
1.73
1.80
1.86
1.93
2.00
2.06
2.13
2.19
2.26
2.33
2.39
2.46
2.53
2.59
2.66
2.73
2.79
2.86
2.93
2.99
3.06
3.13
3.19
3.26
3.33

0
350
350
3650
3650
3350
3350
3650
350
350
0
0

3650

Job No R68
Date 1-Apr-14

SHEARS
SE2=IF(YY>=(L-'ANALYSIS & STABILITY'!M28),Ka*(q-QS)*(YY-(L-'ANALYSIS & STABILITY'!M28))^(2)/2
-2.41

0.00
0.07
0.13
0.20
0.27
0.33
0.40
0.47
0.53
0.60
0.67
0.73
0.80
0.86
0.93
1.00
1.06
1.13
1.20
1.26
1.33
1.40
1.46
1.53
1.60
1.66
1.73
1.80
1.86
1.93
2.00
2.06
2.13
2.19
2.26
2.33
2.39
2.46
2.53
2.59
2.66
2.73
2.79
2.86
2.93
2.99
3.06
3.13
3.19
3.26
3.33

Geometry
0
0
150
150
3500
3500
375
375
375
3500
3500
0

Made by rc

1999 BCA for RCC

3500

96.673
26.65
19.99
37.539
37.54
0.09

MOMENT DIAGRAM
-60

-40

ULT. MT (KNM)
-20
0
20

40

0.00

0.67

1.33
WALL (M)

Location

2.00

2.66

3.33

MOMENT DIAGRAM
-100

ULT. MT (KNM)
-50
0
0.00

0.67

1.33

WALL (M)

Project

2.00

2.66

3.33

50

0.000
1.559
3.119
4.678
6.238
7.797
9.357
10.916
12.476
14.035
15.594
17.154
18.713
20.273
21.832
23.392
24.920
26.378
27.761
27.669
27.163
26.569
25.885
25.105
24.227
23.245
22.156
20.956
19.639
18.204
16.644
14.956
13.137
11.181
9.085
6.844
4.455
1.914
-0.785
-3.644
-6.668
-9.861
-13.228
-16.772
-20.497
-24.408
-28.509
-32.803
-37.296
-41.990
-46.891

1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.559
1.528
1.458
1.383
-0.092
-0.507
-0.593
-0.684
-0.779
-0.878
-0.982
-1.089
-1.201
-1.316
-1.436
-1.560
-1.688
-1.820
-1.956
-2.096
-2.240
-2.389
-2.542
-2.698
-2.859
-3.024
-3.193
-3.367
-3.544
-3.725
-3.911
-4.101
-4.294
-4.492
-4.694
-4.901

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
27.76
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.20
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

27.76

1.20

Job No R68

Job No R68

Project
Location

Spreadsheets to BS 8110 etc


Grid line 2

CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS

Basement wall design to BS8110:1997, BS8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc.


Originated from 'RCC61 Basement Wall.xls' on CD

WALL
MR=
As/bd=
X=
Ic=
STS=
ST1=
ST2=
Acr=
W=

em=

MR=
AsBB/bd=
X=
Ic=
STS=
ST1=
ST2=
Acr=
W=

em=

15.06
0.013
78.56
451482320
0.000502
0.000783
0.00026159
111.64709
0.09
0.0005
15.06
0.0017
60.69
522535043
0.0000
0.0000
0.00171096
115.541145
-0.38
-0.0017

MS=
MSS=

MSBB=
MSBT=

MR=
AsBB/bd=
X=
Ic=
STS=
ST1=
ST2=
Acr=
W=

em=

1999 BCA for RCC

241
255
762
762

15.06
0.0017
60.69
522535043
0.0012
0.0014
0.00171096
115.541145
-0.07
-0.0003

Asreq =
Assreq =
ASBBreq=
ASBTreq=

1545
1140
13
393

Made by rc Job No R68


Date 1-Apr-14

fs =
fs =
fs =
fs =

217.14Asprov%=
250.44Asprov%=
7.9875Asprov%=
239.99Asprov%=

1.2647
0.7979
0.1653
0.1653

Notes

Disclaimer
All advice or information from the British Cement Association and/or Reinforced Concrete Council is intended
significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use and application. No liability (includ
any loss resulting from such advice or information is accepted by the BCA, RCC or their subcontractors, supp
note that all BCA software and publications are subject to revision from time to time and should therefore ensu
of the latest version.

This spreadsheet should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication 'Spreadsheets for concrete
available from British Cement Association, Telford Avenue, Crowthorne, Berkshire RG45 6YS.
Status of spreadsheet
Public release version.
Revision history RCC61 Basement Wall.xls

Date

Version

06-Aug-99 RCC61 v1.0

Action
First public release.
Includes b version comments

Page 10

Notes

Page 11

Notes

Concrete Council is intended for those who will evaluate the


application. No liability (including that for negligence) for
or their subcontractors, suppliers or advisors. Users should
ime and should therefore ensure that they are in possession

ion 'Spreadsheets for concrete design to BS 8110 and EC2'


ire RG45 6YS.

Size (kB)
398

Page 12

Notes

Page 13

Notes

Page 14