Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 37

1

2008
Home-reading Aid

,
r t
P u
ut Ar
I t x tr ]tr

Kt rt rr
]t rr t KIV

Ct: B.O. , .].., ]t rr t KIV
Pt: ... H.H. K, . t KIV;
... X.E. B, KIV
t t 2-4 uH,
x r t tt.
.
2

t ........................ . 4
P I 'The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway .......... c. 5
P II 'Lord oI the Flies by William Golding .............. c. 13
P III 'The Great Gatsby by Francis Scott Fitzgerald ........... c. 23
P IV 'The Bridge oI San Luis Rey by Thornton Wilder ......... c. 32
3

H r II
IV ]t tx t, x r t
tt. O tex
3. Xr+ C , V.
Ir t x, u.C. uxt B I+
T. V H Cr.* Kxt
t , x r] ]
r , x tx x r .
C x tx ,
r r , t
tr rtr , tx ttx
t, x t t t r t
, , r t
xxt .
Pt x t , t x
t, x r x tx .
K +r t x t
r . Vx x r t
r t t t tx
t t tx x
, t t tx x. X x
t x . T, , t
t ttx x, t t
x, t t x .
Bt r t t t
, t +t, r, r
, t t ..
O t t xt t t
xxt x .
_________________________
* 1. E. Hemingway The Old Man and the Sea`/ Progress Publishers. Moscow, 1967 (
t) E. Hemingway The Old Man and the Sea`/ Progress
Publishers. Moscow, 1971 ( t)
2. W. Golding Lord oI the Flies` / Progress Publishers. Moscow, 1982 W. Golding Lord
oI the Flies` / The Penguin Putnam Inc. New-York, 1995
3. F. Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby` /Scribner Paperback Fiction, NY, 1995
4. Th. Wilder The Bridge oI San Luis Rey`/ , , 1982
4
!"e #$d %an and &"e 'ea(
)rne*&
Heming+a,
(1899-1961), a
prominent
American novelist
and short-story
writer began to
write Iiction about
1923. With the
publication oI his
Iirst novel The Sun Also Rises (1926) he
was recognized as a leading spokesman
oI the lost generation` by American
expatriates in post-World War I.
Writing in a somewhat dry, direct, tense
and laconic style Hemingway Iocused
on courageous people living essential,
dangerous lives. His other major novels
include A Farewell to Arms (1929), a
tragic wartime love story, and For
Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), based on
an incident in the Spanish Civil War in
which he was a correspondent. He is
also Iamous Ior his vigorous short
stories, e.g. The Killers and The Snows
of Kilimanjaro. In 1945 Hemingway
settled in Cuba, where he wrote a
novella The Old Man and the Sea
(1952, Pulitzer Prize). In 1954 he was
awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. E.
Hemingway later moved to Idaho,
where, plagued by illness, he committed
suicide.
A**ignmen& -.
(up to page 46 (24)* Sometimes,
someone would speak...).
/. Study the vocabulary. Render the
situations Irom the text containing these
word-combinations:

to make Iun oI smb. 34 (12); to hoist
smth. 34 (12); to be Iaded to many
diIIerent shades 40 (17); to be
thoughtIul Ior smb. 41 (19); to have
smb. on the team 41 (19); to have
smth. Ior all oI smb.`s liIe 42 (20); in
the older days 42 (20); one`s mind is on
sth. (to have one`s mind set on
smth./smb.) 42 (20); to prove smb.
wrong/right 43 (21); to shiver with cold
45 (22); to take hold oI smth. 45 (23);
to leave one`s sleep 45 (23).
//. Translate into English, using the
vocabulary:
r
r! B
t r,
x r.
E t t +r
tr xx, t
xt.
H, x t ! Kr t t
xt t, t
xt .
, x,
t .
B tt
t.
///. Make up lists oI new words to
topics:
1. the sea euipment
2. the Iish
/0. Give antonyms to the Iollowing:
- to get rid oI sth.
- to be impartial to smb.
- to lose one`s Iorm/shape/Iit

* t ],
tx, t
t 1967 r., -
1971 r.
5
0. Comment on the Iollowing:
First you borrow, then you beg p.
39 (17)
Age is my alarm-clock p. 43 (21)
0/. Items Ior discussion:
a) In what way does the description
oI the old man, his shack and his mode
oI liIe characterize him
b) Characterize the boy`s attitude
towards the old man.
c) What else is i Maggio Iamous
Ior, besides being an outstanding
baseball player
0//. Prepare good reading and
translation oI the passage on p. 44 (22)
He no longer dreamed oI storms... up
to the end oI it.
A**ignmen& -1.
46-62 (24-40) up to words I wish the
boy was here.)
/. Find the synonyms in the text Ior:
to be drawn by 58(36)
exactness / accuracy 50(27)
to go Ior / to make Ior 47(24)
Iragile 47(25)
a drop 58(36)
to bear sth 59(37)
//. Find the antonyms Ior:
to congregate 46(24)
a loud voice 47(25)
unstable (2 words) 48,54(26,32)
respect/esteem Ior sb. 53(30)
harsh/rude (2 words) 56,57(34,35)
optimistic 61(39)
///. Study the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
phosphorescence; Portuguese; carapace;
Iilaments; iridescent; imperceptible;
gear; pivot; myriad; porpoise; scythe
/0. Give the English euivalents Irom
the text to:
ttt xt 47(25)
47(25)
rt x 50(27)
tt 50(28)
t/ 51(29)
tt () t
() 52(30)
55(33)
0. Translate into English using the
vocabulary oI the chapter.
1. x t tt
, t t
x.
2. t t ,
t
r.
3. H , t t -
.
4. O .
5. x x
.
6. E t r t
, r.
0/. Explain the diIIerence between the
words given in pairs. Illustrate it with
the sentences oI your own.
desperate despairing
course direction
tolerate endure
0//. Comment on the Iollowing:
1. No one should be alone in their old
age. But it`s unavoidable. p. 61(38)
2. It is better to be lucky. But I would
rather be exact. Then when luck comes
you are ready. p. 50(27-28)
6
0///. Speak on the Iollowing:
1. What details and triIles does an
experienced Iisherman pay attention to
How does he know that big Iish is
somewhere around
2. The deceiving beauty oI the sea.
3. Why did the old man reIer to the Iish
he had hooked using the personal
pronoun he Was it just a Iish Ior
him id he consider the Iish to be an
enemy
4. II you are asked to paint a picture on
what you have read what colours would
you use and why Put the idea verbally.
A**ignmen& -2
(up to p. 78(56) ust beIore it was
dark...)
/. Study the pronunciation:
undulation; hurricane; cumulus; cirrus;
sword; rapier; conscientiously.
//. Explain the Iollowing. Be ready to
reproduce the situations Irom the text.
to take all the strain 63(41)
to have a big reserve oI smth. 64(42)
to wipe smth. on smth. 68(45-46)
oI one`s own accord 70(47)
to abuse smth. (but abuse oI smth.)
70(47)
to be out oI sight 70(48)
a treachery oI smth/sb. 70(48)
to break the conIidence oI smb.
77(55)
///. Search the text Ior the synonyms to
the Iollowing:
to join the lines together 63(41); to
make a sudden upward movement
64(41); to begin 71(49); to make smb.
be sure 71(49); everlastingly 71(49); to
imagine / to Iorm an impression oI
74(52).
/0. Find in the text antonyms to the
Iollowing:
to tighten 71(48); cooked/prepared by
boiling or baking 73(51); Iair/
reasonable 74(51) non-clutched hands
76(54)
0. Give English euivalents Irom the
text:
3 , r t x 63(40);
64(42);
62(40); 65(43) / 66(44)
; t 66(44);
(t) 67(45); t (t
) 67(45); t 77(55).
0/. Try to guess or Iind in the
dictionary the meaning oI the Iollowing
expressions containing the words Irom
the text:
to Iall (walk) into a trap to lay a
trap
to tie the knot to tie oneselI in (to)
knots
to come to grips with smb./smth. to
get a grip on oneselI
to touch smb. on one`s raw
to have a loosen tongue
to take a person into one`s conIidence
0//. Think oI some two situations oI
encouragement Ior your group-mates to
use phrases Irom tasks //-0/ .*
0///. Translate into English using the
vocabulary discussed:
1. O ,
xt t, .
2. O x, t t r
x, .

* x t
t , r
, r t r t
t tr
. H t Complete my
sentence please!
7
3. I O
x t. H, -
. - Bt
"# $%&'%()%*. O, x tt,
c t .
4. O x, r
xt x. K
x r .
H t r t.
5. x tt
, r t
.
/3. Comment on the Iollowing:
1. ... he knew no man was ever alone
in the sea. p. 70(48)
2. There is no sense in being anything
but practical though p. 69(46). oes it
somehow hold true with our everyday
liIe
3. Be ready to discuss the Iollowing:
1) Why did the old man Ieel
humiliated when his arm was cramped,
though no one witnessed it
2) Was the old man really religious
or his prayers had another meaning Ior
him
3) The Iish was two Ieet longer than
the skiII and the old man was absolutely
alone, but it even didn`t occur to him to
give up the idea oI killing the Iish. More
than that, it made him more determined.
Why
4) Why did the author describe the
episode with the hand-game
A**ignmen& -4
(pp. 78-92(56-69) up to the words:
The Iish was coming in ...)
/. Give the title to the part you have
read.
//. Study the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
sheath; bow; maw; gills; leprous;
descent; Iillet; calloused; nausea;
nourishment; lavender; eel; placid
///. Explain the meaning oI the
Iollowing word combinations. Give
the situations with them Irom the
text:
to bend and Ilap in the air 78(56) /note:
to bend smb. into smth./, to gut a Iish
79(57), to make a drag 79(57) /note+ to
be a drag on smb./, sustenance 80(57),
to have perils
and merits 80(58) /note: at one`s peril/,
to conIide 81(59), to slit 82(60), to
scoop smth. clean 82(60), to be
nauseated 84(61), to rest one`s chin
(hand, eye) on smth. 85(62), to cede the
line 86(64), to pivot with smth. 88(66),
to be bound to do smth. 89(67).
/0. Translate into English using the
vocabulary oI tasks // and /// .
1. O r
t,
tt.
2. H x T -
t .
3. H , t
t x.
4. Er r r
t xx.
5. Kt t r
t t.
0. Prepare good reading and
translation oI the passage on p. 84(62)
He held the line tight... up to ... he
was asleep.
0/. Comment on the Iollowing:
1. I have never seen or heard oI such a
Iish, but I must kill him. I`m glad we
don`t have to try to kill the stars p.
80(58).
8
2. The punishment oI the hook is
nothing the punishment oI hunger and
that he is against something that he does
not comprehend is everything p.
81(59).
3. And pain doesn`t matter to a man
p. 87(65).
0//. iscuss the Iollowing :
1. What made the old man wake up
2. Why did the Iish head east
3. Was the old man aIraid oI the black
spots beIore his eyes
4. How did the Iish look like
5. How can you explain the old man`s
dreams Any connection in their
succession
6. Think oI your own problem uestion.
A**ignmen& -5.
(pp. 92-102 (69-80) up to the words:
The breeze was steady.)
/. Study the pronunciation and the
meaning oI the Iollowing:
to swamp 94(72); a sword 95(73); a
thwart 96(74); cumulus 97(75); cirrus
98(75); malignancy 99(77); resolution
99(77); to plough 100(77); to be
mutilated 100 (78); scavenger 102(80)
//. Find in the text the Iollowing
words and phrases:
t, t 95(73)
t, xt 95(73)
t, t 96(74)
t, t 97(75)
t , t 97(74)
t - 98(76)
t 99(76)
101(78)
///. Think oI some 2-3 sentences Ior
your group-mates either to paraphrase
or to translate Irom Russian into
English, using the vocabulary above.
/0. Prepare good reading and
translation oI the passage on p.96 (74)
He did not need a compass ... tasted
good
0. Comment on the Iollowing. Give
the examples Irom our everyday liIe
where possible to illustrate your point oI
view.
1. It was too good to last, he thought. I
wish it had been a dream now and that I
had never hooked the Iish and was
alone in bed on the newspapers p.100
(78).
2. When the Iish had been hit it was as
though he himselI were hit p.100 (78).
3. A man can be destroyed but not
deIeated p. 100 (78).
4. But I must think, he thought.
Because it is all I have leIt p.100 (78).
5. He watched only the Iorward part oI
the Iish and some oI his hope returned
p.101 (79).
0/. Think over the Iollowing problem
uestions:
1. Why does the old man constantly
consider upon his actions Irom the point
oI view oI the great i Maggio
2. The old man lived almost without
Iood and water Ior a pretty long time
and didn`t sleep at that. What made him
not lose his strength Was it natural
health or great experience or something
else Where else Irom can you get
energy
3. o you agree that everything kills
everything in some way` (p. 102(80)
4. What`s your own understanding oI
what a sin is
5. Give your own problem uestion.
9
A**ignmen& -6.
(pp.102-117 (80-94)
/. Give the title to the part you have
read.
//. Study the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
Vertebrae, cartilage, trough, rigidity,
hatchet, perceptible, proprietor, wrench
///. Find the synonyms in the text to
the Iollowing:
to beat, to hit with a Iist 104(82)
to hurt, to plunge (into) with one`s
teeth 107(88)
to revolt, to protest 103(81)
to extract, to pull out 104(82)
to eat up what the others have leIt on
the table 112(90)
/0. Explain the meaning oI the
Iollowing expressions, containing the
words Irom the text:
to give smb. a broadside
to lean over backwards
to hang out one`s ear
to hang up one`s hat

0. Translate the Iollowing sentences:
1. x x ,
t . x
: Tt ,
t. H, t!

r
t, , r ,
.
2. V+, t t
t, t
r t t.
3. 3 r t . O
r
, + r x
.
0/. Think oI some 2-3 sentences Ior
your group-mates to translate Irom
Russian into English using vocabulary
oI tasks //-/// .
0//. Translate the passage on p.
104(82) Irom The skiII was still
shaking... up to the end oI the passage.
0///. Answer the uestions:
1. What reasons besides money and
Iood did the old man have Ior killing the
Iish
2. o you support the theory that it`s
not a sin to kill somebody, iI you love
him/her
3. The old man said he thought too
much. o you believe that his thoughts
helped him or brought only harm
4. Was the Iish, which the old man had
hooked worth killing
5. Was the old man strong enough to
kill the sharks How did he manage to
do away with most oI them Was it a
sin to kill them
6. Why did the old man wish his Iight
with the sharks to be a dream
7. What can you buy ,-CK with
8. In what way did the people react to
what had happened
9. Will the old man go Iishing again
Why
/3. Comment on the Iollowing:
1. You are tired, old man, he said.
You`re tired inside 107(84).
2. You violated your luck when you
went too Iar outside. 110(87).
10
A +ri&&en &e*& re7ommended 8or
7"e79ing &"e *&:den&*; 9no+$edge o8
&"e <o7a=:$ar, o8 &"e =oo9 >!"e #$d
%an and &"e 'ea(
?*e &"e <o7a=:$ar, o8 &"e =oo9
in*&ead o8 &"e :nder$ined +ord-
7om=ina&ion*@
1. Bob has uarreled with his Iormer
girl-Iriend last week and yesterday he
got married in order to wound her in the
most sensitive spot.
2. He had been saving money Ior three
years and didn`t do anything he wanted
very much, but not long ago he changed
his habits radically and splashed out on
a new pair oI shoes.
3. Nick`s Granny stayed with him Ior a
long time and in the long run he made
up his mind to do away with her and
calmly did her in.
4. Brace yourselI up! You got stuck
because oI your habit oI talking too
much. And now the only thing to be
done is to be brave and uncomplaining.
5. President Nixon told his wiIe the
secret concerning Iuture Iinancial
course oI the S but a spy overheard
him and blackmailed him aIterwards.
6. She thought he loved her, but he
acted accordingly to his own interests
and overindulged in her conIidence.
7. ames walked over everybody that`s
why there was no one to help him when
he was caught by trick.
8. Get a grip on yourselI! What a
beautiIul teacher you are! You shouted
your students down only because they
didn`t learn the expressions Irom the
text.
9. The old man struggled with the shark
and hit her with his kniIe.
10. In public this girl seems to driIt and
not to Iall into extremes but at home she
doesn`t throw away the slop-pail and
speaks rudely to her mother.
>!"e #$d man and &"e 'ea(
!oAi7* 8or &"e 8ina$ di*7:**ion
1. Express your impressions oI
Hemingway`s literary style.
Is it really lexically poor oes it really
lack emotions
2. The sea and its inhabitants as
expressed in the novel.
3. Is the old man the only main
character oI the book
4. Would you call the old man`s liIe a
total deIeat
Was that liIe worth living Prove your
point.
5. The matters oI sin and virtue as
expressed in the novel.
6. well upon the ideas that the book
provoked you to think about.
7. Compare the sea in Hemingway`s
novel with the one described in Emily
ickinson`s poem.
I started Early Took my og
And visited the Sea
The Mermaids in the Basement
Came out to look at me
And Frigates in the pper Floor
Extended Hempen Hands
Presuming Me to be a Mouse
Agroundupon the Sands
But no Man moved Metill the Tide
Went past my simple Shoe
And past my Apronand my Belt
And past my Bodicetoo
And made as He would eat me up
11
As wholly as a ew
pon a andelion`s Sleeve
And thenI startedtoo
And HeHe Iollowedclose behind
I Ielt His Silver Heel
pon My AnkleThen my Shoes
Would overIlow with Pearl
ntil We met the Solid Town
No One He seemed to know
And bowingwith a Mighty look
At meThe Sea withdrew
--Emily ickinson, 1862
1
BCord o8 &"e D$ie*E by W. Golding*
12
When William
Golding (1911-
1993) was
awarded the
Nobel Prize Ior
Literature in
1983, the Nobel
Foundation cited:
His novels which, with the
perspicuity oI realistic
narrative art and the
diversity and universality of
myth, illuminate the
human condition in the world of today". Those novels
are relatively Iew in number - twelve.
He seems to have known Irom
childhood that he wanted to be a writer.
His Iirst published work appeared when
he was twenty-three. uite apart Irom
his obvious achievements as a writer, it
is worth pointing out the vast range and
diversity oI the subject matter oI his
novels, and the challenge he set himselI.
Perhaps his greatest achievement is to
have lived through the most terrible and
inhumane oI centuries, and to have leIt
behind a body oI work that can be said
to reIlect much oI the horror oI that time
as well as an understanding oI it.
A**ignmen& F
G"aA&er /. B!"e 'o:nd o8 &"e '"e$$E
(pp. 39-73 7-31). **
/. Make use oI internet to Iind
inIormation about William Golding and
his novel 'Lord oI the Flies. Be ready to
share it with the others.
//. Study the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
lagoon, echo, adolescence, typhoon,
rescue, conch, obedience, descent,
choir, mirage, to exhaust.
///. Learn the Iollowing words and
word-combinations, explain their
meaning in English and use them in the
situations Irom the book:
to be oIIhand 41 (8), as Iar as smth.
goes 44 (10), to undo smth. 44 (10), to
bear smth. with patience 48 (13), to
make the best oI a bad job 58 (20), to
intimidate 58 (21), to know one`s own
mind 59 (21), to keep to oneselI 59 (22),
to be no good 63 (24).
/0. Give English euivalents to the
Iollowing verbs oI motion and use them
in sentences oI your own:
t 39 (7), t 39
(7), t 42 (9), t
t 42 (9), t -
43 (9), t - 46
(12), tx 48 (13),
t, t 49 (14), t
72 (31).
0. Think oI some short situation
(5-6 sentences) to encourage your
group-mates to use the vocabulary oI
tasks 2-4. o not mix up this task with
the task Complete my sentence please!

* r r
tt t ,
t x x
r V. Ir
t x (t B.I. ),
, KIH, 1986 r.
** t ] t
t 1982 r,
1995 r

0/. Answer the Iollowing
uestions:
1. When does the action take place
How can you prove it 2. What
happened to the boys 3. What did
13
Ralph use the shell Ior 4. What did the
boys who had gathered on the beach
look like 5. How did the members oI
the choir diIIer Irom the other boys 6.
Why did ack preIer to be called by his
last name 7. Why was Ralph elected
chieI 8. What plan did he put Iorward
9. What did the boys Ieel like during the
expedition 10. What made the boys
think that the island was uninhabited
11. Why did ack Iail to stab the pig
0//. Comment on the sentence:
'. here at last was the imagined but
never Iully realized place leaping into
real liIe (p. 50 15).
0///. Give character sketches oI Ralph,
Piggy and ack. Prepare a list oI key-
words Ior each sketch.
/3. On a separate sheet oI paper give a
written translation oI the extract on p.
72 (31) Irom 'They were in the
beginning . up to . back to the
track.
A**ignmen& F 1
G"aA&er // BDire on &"e %o:n&ainE
HAA. I2-J2 K 21-4IL
G"aA&er /// BH:&* on &"e Mea7"E HAA.
J4-N6 K 4O-5IL
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
to seize, dubiety, to caress,
maintenance, grotesue, incompetence,
horizon, silhouette, tumult, opaue,
spear
//. Explain the meaning oI the
Iollowing words and word
combinations. se them in the
situations Irom the book:
to look round challengingly 74 (33), to
break the rules 75 (33), to be about to
do smth. 77 (35), to twist into oneselI
77 (35), to keep up with 82 (38), to be
the Iirst to do smth. 83 (39), to Iind
room Ior smth. 83 (39), to break into a
cheer 85 (41), to keep a look-out 88
(43), to lose one`s temper 91 (45), on all
Iours 94 (48), to take smb. seriously
100 (53), to get Ied up 103 (55), to cock
one`s ears 106 (57).
///. Give English euivalents to
the Iollowing phrases:
t r (32), rt
(33), t x
(35), t x (36),
xt t
(37), t t r (37),
t (43), xt,
t (44), t (45),
xt, tt t
x (50).
/0. Situations oI encouragement .
0. Fill in the gaps with
prepositions:
1. Ralph surveyed the wreck distaste.
2. He rolled and peered ack`s
Iierce, dirty Iace. 3. He screwed his
eyes and swung search the
horizon. 4. The ground was hardened
an accustomed tread and as ack rose
his Iull height he heard something
moving it. 5. He suatted , parted
the leaves and looked the
clearing. 6. I wonder how Iar you
could see that.
0/. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1. ntil grown-ups come to Ietch us
we`ll have Iun (7735). 2. Once more .
was shed that glamour, that strange
14
invisible light oI Iriendship, adventure
and content (8339). 3. But you can Ieel
you are not hunting, but being hunted
(10153). 4. ack had to think Ior a
moment beIore he could remember
what rescue was (10153).
0//. Topics Ior discussion :
1. The meeting and the decisions
taken at it.
2. Making a Iire on the mountain.
3. well upon the symbolic
meaning oI the conch.
4. You are Piggy. Make up your
speech on top oI the mountain.
5. What was the attitude oI the boys
towards Simon and to what he said
Why
0///. Give a written translation oI
the extract on p. 83 (39) Irom 'They
Iound a likeliest path . up to 'Not Ior
the two oI us.
A**ignmen& F 2
G"aA&er /0 BPain&ed Da7e* and Cong
HairE HAA. NI-2N Q 5O-I5L
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
Ilood; assembly; triumphant; Iilthily;
diameter; involuntarily; taboo;
opalescence; malevolently;
perpendicular; exhilaration; vicious;
opaue; sueal
//. Give synonyms or explain the
Iollowing words and word-
combinations; use them in the situations
Irom the book:
to adjust oneselI to smth. 10859;
natural belligerence 10960; to Ieel the
unease oI wrong doing 11060; to
scavenge over the beach 11161; to pull
smb.`s leg 11665; to be at home
11765; to impose one`s will upon smb.
12370; to keep smth. going 12471; to
go red 12471; to drive smb. to violence
12571; to give way 12672; to put
oneselI in the right (wrong) 12672; to
break silence 12974.
///. Situations oI encouragement .
/0. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1.. the mask was a thing oI its own,
behind which ack hid, liberated Irom
shame and selI-consciousness (11564).
2. By the time the pile was built, they
were on diIIerent sides oI a high barrier
(12773).
0. Comment on the author`s
allusion to the events in the big world:
'civilization that knew nothing oI him
and was in ruins (11362). Is there any
relevance between the outbreak oI the
war and the situation on the island
0/. Give some Iacts to prove the
Iollowing statements. uote the text iI
necessary:
1. The littluns led uite a distinct liIe oI
their own. 2. There had grown an
opinion that Piggy was an outsider. 3.
Ralph began to lose his authority as
chieI. 4. The children might have been
saved by a passing ship. 5. It was ack`s
Iault that the Iire had burnt out. 6. ack
played a dirty trick on Piggy.
0//. Give a character-sketch oI Roger .
0///. Give a written translation
oI the extract on p. 12168 Irom 'A
15
procession had appeared . up to .
spill her blood p. 69.
A**ignmen& F 4
G"aA&er 0 BMea*& 8rom +a&erE HAA.
2N-55QI6-J4L
/. Transcribe the words and learn their
pronunciation@
wearisomeness, apex, reverence, eIIigy,
clamour, tempestuous, ludicrous, bogy,
to bully, to yawn, row (138/81), row
(140/83)
//. Explain in English and provide
the context@
to be dotted with (131/77), to be worn
away (132/77), to have the wit to do
smth. (132/77), to Iish smth. out oI
smth. (134/78), to put things straight
away (135/79), to be taken short
(136/80 143/85), to Ilit through one`s
mind (139/82), Serve you right!
(140/83), to Ilinch away Irom the
memory (144/86), to summon one`s
wits (151/91)
///. Give English euivalents to the
Iollowing phrases and make up your
own sentences Ior your group-mates to
translate@
t tt (131/76),
t t r (131/76),
t tx (two variants)
(131/76, 132/77), t t
(133/78), tt,
t (134/79),
tt tt
(137/81), t
(150/90), t r (151/91)
/0. Give three synonyms to the word to
Iight (pp. 149-151/90 91)
0. Comment on the sentences:
1) Serve you right iI something did get
you, you useless lot oI cry-babies!
(140/83)
2) Piggy: 'I know there isn`t no Iear .
unless we get Irightened oI people
(141-142/84). Simon: 'maybe there is a
beast. What I mean is . maybe it`s
only us (148/89).
0/. Give some Iacts to prove the
Iollowing statements. uote the text iI
necessary.
1) Ralph`s enthusiasm oI Iirst days
was gone. He thought it was the right
time to talk seriously.
2) 'We decide things but they don`t
get done.
3) Piggy still tried to stick to the
rules oI the world oI adults.
4) Children started getting
Irightened oI the unknown beast.
5) The assembly ended in a Iailure.
0//. Think oI a problem uestion
starting with Why` based on the
events oI the chapter.
0///. Give a written translation oI the
extract on p. 130-131/76 Irom 'The tide
was coming. up to . tried again.
A**ignmen& F 5
G"aA&er 0/ BMea*& 8rom &"e AirE HAA.
55-I4 K J5-NOL
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
16
contour, tremulously, parachute,
leviathan, menace, contemptuously,
guano, impenetrable, polyp, mutinously,
constrainedly, exasperation, Iestoon,
stupendous
//. Study the Iollowing words and
word-combinations, give synonyms or
explain them and use them in the
situations Irom the book:
to be on watch 157(96); to take Iire
158(96); to drive smb. insane 158(97);
to spread the (dreadIul) news 161(99);
to take up the story 162(100); to pull
smb.`s leg 163(101); to be on the
lookout 163(101); to keep smb. out oI
danger 164(101); to track the beast
165(102); to give smb. the energy to do
smth. 165(102); to make a Iool oI
oneselI 167(103); the landsman`s view
bird`s eye view 169(105); to do smth.
on one`s own 170(106); to be oII one`s
rockers 174(108).
///. Situations oI encouragement .
/0. Imagine you have just seen the
beast. You are supposed to tell the
assembly about it. Make use oI the
vocabulary list.
0. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1. 'But a sign came Irom the world oI
grown-ups, though at the time there was
no child awake to read it 156(96)
2. 'We don`t need the conch any
more. We know who ought to say
things. 165(101-102)
3. Ralph walked in the rear, thankIul
to have escaped responsibility Ior a
time. 166(103)
4. However Simon thought oI the
beast, there rose beIore his inward sight
the picture oI a human at once heroic
and sick. 167(103).
0/. On a separate sheet oI paper give
a written translation oI the second
passage oI the chapter pp. 156-157(95-
96)
0//. Topics Ior discussion :
1. oes Ralph always Ieel conIident
taking a decision Provide examples
when he does not.
2. Is ack ready to take up the
position oI a chieI What makes you
think so
3. How do you understand the
phrase 'the pressure oI personality
Simon thinks about on p. 167(103)
4. What urged ack to join Ralph on
p. 170(106)
5. Compare the reaction oI the boys
when they saw the 'Iort. How does it
characterize them
A**ignmen& F 6
G"aA&er 0// B'"ado+* and !a$$
!ree*E HAA. I4-J4 K NJ-12L
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
nausea, bravado, inIuriatingly,
viciously, luxuriance, canopy, boar,
selI-consciousness, caress, intimidate,
obtuseness, spectacular, supreme
//. Study the Iollowing
words and word-combinations, explain
them and use them in the situations
Irom the book:
to be content to do smth. (174/109), to
put smth. out oI one`s mind (174/109),
to come in handy (175/109), to indulge
in a habit (175/109), to get a kick out oI
smth. (175/109), to be a subject Ior
smth. (175/110), out oI custom
17
(175/110), to be in charge oI smth.
(178/112), to take aim (179/113), to do
smb. (180/114), by oneselI (186/117), to
take smb. at low water (189/119).
///. Paraphrase the Iollowing
sentences using the vocabulary oI the
chapter:
1. Ralph was glad to let ack be
responsible Ior the hunt. 2. Ralph made
an eIIort to Iorget about the beast. 3.
Ralph thought that he needed a proper
bath and wouldn`t mind having a
toothbrush. 4. The boys seemed to enjoy
stuIIing themselves with bananas. 5.
Only Simon dared to go through the
Iorest alone. 6. The boys were aIraid
that the beast would attack and kill
them. 7. ack`s suggestion to go up the
mountain took Ralph by surprise.
/0. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1. The desire to sueeze and hurt
was over-mastering. (182/115)
2. 'You want a real pig, said
Robert . 'because you`ve got to kill
him. 'se a littlun, said ack and
everybody laughed. (183/115)
0. Give a written translation oI the
extract on pp. 193-194/123 Irom 'In
Iront oI them . up to '. the ruin oI a
Iace.
0/. Topics Ior discussion :
1. How does Simon reveal himselI
in the chapter Pay attention to his
dialogue with Ralph on p. 177/111.
2. What Ior does W. Golding resort
to Ralph`s reminiscences oI his liIe at
home (pp. 178-179/112)
3. In what way does the competition
Ior leadership between ack and Ralph
develop

A**ignmen& FI
G"aA&er 0/// BRi8& 8or &"e Sar9ne**E
HAA. J4-11 K 14-44L
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
dozen, to suat, uncooperative, tremor,
hysteria, Iervor, menace, cynicism,
grimace, to vibrate, catastrophe, to
gnaw, sow, demure, obscene,
immediacy, sanctity, Iurtive, iridescent
//. Study the Iollowing
words and word-combinations, explain
them and use them in the situations
Irom the book:
to jerk away 194(124), good riddance
195(124), to be astir 196(125), to call an
assembly 196(125), to stab the air with
smth. 198(127), to pay no heed
199(127), to do without smb. or smth.
200(128), no go 201(128), contribution
to the good oI society 202(129), to be
close at hand 202(129), to have no
common sense 205(132), to size smb.
up 206(133), to inch Iorward 208(134),
to look round in inuiry 208(134), to
spurt with the last strength 209(135), to
play leap-Irog 213(138), to be vexed
214(139), to raid smb. Ior smth.
218(141).
///. Find in the text
synonyms to the Iollowing words:
to reproach 200(128), understanding
202(129), to leave secretly 204(131),
banuet/Iestival 205(132), to Iollow
smb. 206(132), to look Iixedly
213(138), to disappear 217(141),
unconvincing 219(142), indecent
221(143), absurd 221(143).
18
/0. Situations oI
encouragement.
0. Comment on the
Iollowing sentences:
1. Only Piggy could have the
intellectual daring to suggest moving
the Iire Irom the mountain p. 201(129).
2. For the Iirst time on the island,
Piggy himselI removed his one glass,
knelt down and Iocused the sun on
tinder 203(130).
3. . ages ago they had stood in two
demure rows and their voices had been
the song oI angels 206(133).
4. The island was getting worse and
worse! 214(139)
0/. On a separate sheet oI paper give
a written translation oI the passage on p.
202(129) Irom 'The greatest ideas are
the simplest up to p. 203(130) '. a
bush oI yellow Ilame.
0//. Items Ior discussion:
1. How do you understand the title
oI the chapter
2. Why was Ralph sure ack would
come back
3. How did Piggy change when ack
leIt the boys
4. What impression did the
description oI hunting the sow produce
upon you oes the Iact the boys
hunted the sow with piglets and killed
her bear any signiIicance
5. well upon the symbolic
meaning oI the episode describing the
talk between Simon and Lord oI the
Flies. Is it a dialogue Who talked to
Simon How can you prove this
A**ignmen& F O
G"aA&er /3 BA 0ie+ &o a Sea&"E HAA.
111-124 K 45-54L
G"aA&er 3 B!"e '"e$$ and &"e
R$a**e*E HAA. 125-151 K 55-6OL
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
drearily, mechanics, succulent, parody,
idol, derision, gigantic, sulphurous,
phosphorescence, Iragile, gesticulate,
accompaniment, obscene, composite
//. Give English
euivalents to the Iollowing word
combinations:
txt x
(228/149), t te-
(229/150), +
(238/157), t (240/159),
t (241/160),
xt x (243/161),
xt rt (245/163),
tt t (246/163),
t (248/165),
-, t -
(246/163), xt
(252/168), t -;
t e (251/167).
///. Translate the
Iollowing sentences into English using
the vocabulary oI the book:
1. C , t
, t r t
, x t t
x . O t
rt, r r t. 2.
3 t t , -
X. Hr t
tt t. O t
tt. C . 3.
x , x t
r . B r r
x. 4. E
19
x Pt] r
tt t t
xt rt. 5. Ht
t t, Pt]
r t t
t , x
x x x
. 6. Pt] x,
x
x. 3 r,
x t
. 7.
r r x
,
xt. 8. Pt] x
x r, r t
x x.
/0. Situations oI
encouragement
0. Comment on
the Iollowing sentences:
1. Now out oI terror rose another
desire, thick, urgent, blind (231/152)
2. 'Look, Ralph. We got to Iorget
this. We can`t do no good thinking
about it, see (238/157)
3. But the attraction oI wildness had
gone (247/164)
0//. Prepare a written translation oI
the extract on p. 250 (167) 'Then there
was a vicious . up to the end oI it.
0///. Items Ior discussion :
1. Why did even Ralph and Piggy
participate in the murder How did they
try to Iorget it Could they Iorget it
2. Why does the tribe never address
ack by his name and use the word
chieI` instead
3. Why couldn`t Ralph and his
Iriends keep the Iire going
A**ignmen& F J
G"aA&er 3/ BGa*&$e To79E HAA. 152-
1I K 6J-O1L
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
luminous, myopia, multitudinous,
propitiatingly, impenetrable, weapon,
saber, agonizingly, truculently,
cessation, lethal, muscles, Ioliage,
rhythmic
//. Study the Iollowing
words and word-combinations, explain
them and use them in the situations
Irom the book:
to take the job oII smb.`s hands
(253/169); to scurry hither and thither
(253/169); to hold on to smb. (254/169);
to be a sport (256/171); to seek in one`s
mind Ior words (256/172); against all
odds (257/172); to Iind by touch
(257/172); out oI recognition (261/175);
to play a dirty trick on smb. (263/176);
to keep out oI Iighting distance
(264/177); to keep an eye on smb.
(264/177); to parry the blow (266/179).
///. Find in the text
synonyms to the Iollowing words:
dirty (257/172), very large (259/173),
very little (260/174), to decide
(261/175), to steal (263/176), to take
hold oI (266/178), to scream (268/180),
seriously (270/182).
/0. Translate the Iollowing
sentences into English using the
vocabulary oI the chapter:
1. Pt] e, r
x , e
. H
r + . 2. X
20
t x tt
. O x t r
t , x. O
t x t x,
t . 3. X
, , r
t. 4. X r
r t t.
+ Pt]
xt .
5. Pt] r x
r t te.
0. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1. They understood only too well
the liberation into savagery that the
concealing paint brought p. 258(172).
2. Which is better to have rules and
agree, or to hunt and kill p. 268(180).
3. . they were a solid mass oI
menace that bristled with spears p.
268(180).
4. The hangman`s horror clung
round him p. 270(182).
0/. On a separate sheet oI paper give a
written translation oI the passage on p.
268(180) Irom 'Ralph heard the great
rock. up to p. 269(181) '. Piggy
was gone.
0//. Items Ior discussion:
1. How do you account Ior Piggy`s
resolution to go to ack`s tribe
2. Why did the boys smarten up
beIore going there
3. id anybody expect their coming
4. well upon the symbolic meaning
oI the conch exploding into a thousand
white Iragments.
5. Give a character sketch oI Roger.
A**ignmen& F N
G"aA&er 3// B!"e Gr, o8 &"e
H:n&er*E HAA. 1I-1IJ K O2-1N1L
I. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
pursuit, injury, Iatal, vapour, ululation,
vague, ambushing, interior, decipher,
loyalty, ensconce, volleying,
ravenously, elephantine, cruiser
//. Study the Iollowing words and
word-combinations, give their
synonyms and use them in the situations
Irom the text:
Ior the time being (272/184), to make
an outlaw oI smb. (272/184), to shove
oII (277/187), to occur to smb.
(279/189), to snatch at the advantage
(280/190), to take (no) time (282/191),
to diddle the savages (282/191), to have
a stroke oI luck (283/192), to put all
eggs in one basket (288/195), to give a
clue to a plan (288/195), to put up a
good show (296/202).
///. Match the word or phrase with
its deIinition:
1. thicket
2. to jeer at smb.
3. to be touched by smb.`s action
4. simpleton
5. to pull oneselI together
6. innocence

a) somebody who has a very low level


oI intelligence
b) to Iorce oneselI to stop behaving in a
nervous way
c) the Iact oI not being guilty oI a crime
d) a group oI bushes and small trees
e) to be moved and a little embarrassed
I) to laugh unkindly at smb. to show
that you strongly disapprove oI them
21
/0. Give English euivalents oI
the Iollowing Russian words and
phrases:
V r (272183),
t r- (272184),
r x
(273184), xt - r
(274185), ( )
(275186), t r (277187),
x (278188),
t t (279189), t
x (280190), t
t (287195), t
t (288196), r (295201),
t (296201).
0. Situations oI encouragement .
0/. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1. Then there was that indeIinable
connection between himselI and ack;
who thereIore would never let him
alone (272-273/184)
2. Roger sharpened a stick at both
ends (280/190)
3. A little boy who wore the remains
oI an extraordinary cap on his hair .
started Iorward, then changed his mind
and stood still (296/201)
0//. Topics Ior discussion :
1. What did Ralph see in the middle
oI the clearing
2. well upon the twins` behavior
when they saw Ralph. Why did they
open ack`s plans
3. What ideas did Ralph have to
rescue Irom the pursuit and which did
he choose
4. How do the boys change when
the adults appear on the island
5. Are you satisIied with the way
the book ends Why Is it a weak
ending
6. Is the story true to liIe
!"e 8ina$ di*7:**ion o8 &"e =oo9 i*
AroAo*ed &o =e arranged in &"e 8orm
o8 a &ria$. Ua79;* 7a*e i* "eard in &"e
Go:r&. #ne o8 &"e *&:den&* Aer8orm*
&"e ro$e o8 a U:dge and in<i&e* 8or
"earing* &"e +i&ne**e* 8rom &"e
o88ending and de8ending *ide*V +"i7"
are reAre*en&ed =, W. Ro$dingV
Ta$A"V Pigg,V 'imonV TogerV To=er&V
'amneri7V o&"er mem=er* o8 &"e
7"oirV one o8 &"e $i&&$:n*V e&7. Ua79 i*
a$*o gi<en &"e 8$oor &o de8end "im*e$8.
2
B!H) RT)A! RA!'MXE
Dran7i* '7o&&
Di&Ygera$d was
born on
September 24,
1896 in St. Paul,
Minnesota to a
once well-to-do
Iamily that had
lost much oI its
wealth and
inIluence. A wealthy aunt sent
Fitzgerald to boarding school in New
ersey in 1911, and later to Princeton.
22
Although Fitzgerald engaged actively in
theater, arts and other campus activities,
his Iinancial background was
considerably poorer than those oI his
classmates, and he resented what he
perceived as his outsider status. He leIt
Princeton aIter three years and joined
the Army during World War I. uring
his army service, he was stationed in
Montgomery, Alabama, where he Iell in
love with elda Sayre, daughter oI a
State Supreme Court justice. She
rejected the young man, Iearing he
would not be able to support her.
Fitzgerald moved to New York and
wrote the autobiographical novel This
Side of .aradise (1920), which
immediately launched the 23-year-old
writer to Iame and Iortune. Impressed
by his success, elda agreed to marry
him, and the two began a whirlwind liIe
oI glamorous parties and extravagant
living in New York. nIortunately, the
Fitzgeralds lived Iar beyond their means
and soon Iound themselves deeply in
debt. They moved to Europe, hoping to
cut back on expenses. There, they
beIriended other expatriate writers
including Ernest Hemingway and
Gertrude Stein. While in Europe,
Fitzgerald Iinished his masterpiece, The
/reat /ats0y (1925). However, Europe
proved no cheaper Ior the Fitzgeralds.
As the couples debts mounted,
Fitzgerald plunged into alcoholism and
his wiIe suIIered several breakdowns. In
1937, Fitzgerald moved to Hollywood
to try screenwriting. He Iell in love with
Sheilah Graham, a prominent
Hollywood gossip columnist, stopped
drinking and began renewed literary
eIIorts. In 1940, while in the midst oI
writing a novel about Hollywood, The
,ast Tycoon, Fitzgerald died oI a heart
attack at the age oI 44. The ,ast Tycoon
was published posthumously in 1941.
A''/RZ%)Z! -
CHAPTER I
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
gorgeous, plagiaristic, supercilious,
riotous, bungalow, colossal, contour,
tenor, buoy, inIinitesimal, twilight,
settee, crimson, insincerity, nourish.
//. Study the vocabulary and render
the situations Irom the text. Make up
your own sentences with the
vocabulary:
to be privy to smth. 5, to be an eye-sore
9,10, to be a matter Ior reproach 10, to
hate smb`s guts 11, a brute oI a man, to
take down a drink 15, it is beyond me
15, to go Irom bad to worse 18, to grasp
one`s meaning 20, see you anon 23, to
Iling smb. together 23, to give smb. a
heart-to-heart talk 24, gossip 24, (to be
the gossip oI).
///. Find synonyms in the text to the
Iollowing words:
to pretend 5, to be Iree Irom 6,
prosperous 7, haughty 11, out oI
place/inappropriate 13, happening soon
14, to send Iriendly greetings 14, to be
on the alert 17, to improvise 19,
experienced in Iashionable liIe 22,
imperious 25.
/0. With a situation oI your own
encourage your group-mates to use the
vocabulary oI tasks I III.
0. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1. ' . as my Iather snobbishly
suggested and I snobbishly repeat, a
sense oI Iundamental decencies is
parceled out uneually at birth. (p. 6)
23
2. LiIe is much more successIully
looked at Irom a single window, aIter
all. (p. 9).
3. The extract on p. 12 'We talked
Ior a Iew minutes . We`ll go inside.
4. 'Civilization is going to
pieces. (p. 17).
5. 'I`m glad it`s a girl. And I hope
she`ll be a Iool that`s the best thing a
girl can be in this world, a beautiIul
little Iool. (p. 21).
0/. Speak on the Iollowing :
1. When and where does the action take
place
2. Speak about the Carraways. What
was the reason Ior Nick Carraway to
leave the parents and move to the
North
3. West Egg and East Egg: the bizarre
contrast between them.
4. What is your impression oI the
Buchanan`s Iamily liIe What epithets
does the author use to describe Tom,
aisy and ordan Baker
0//. Translate the passage on p. 11
'He had changed since his . who
hated his guts
A''/RZ%)Z! -1
CHAPTER II
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
impenetrable, borough, jovially, crepe-
de-chine, proprietor, surplus, airdale,
pivot, chiIIon, hauteur, portIolio,
chandelier
//. Study the vocabulary and use it in
the situations Irom the text:
halIway 27; to resent smth. 28; to take
(get) hold oI smth. (smb.) 28; a
drawbridge 28; to Iorce smb. Irom
somewhere 28; halt 28; to saunter about
28; to Iade oII 29; to be contiguous to
29; in the vicinity 30; scrawny 30; to
bear resemblance to smb. 31; to
interpose 32; to decompose 33; to be
attired in 35; to be discreet 38; to gyp
smb. out oI smth. 38, to lick smb`s shoe
39; to cry to beat the band 39; to be
through with smth. 40; in a daze 41
///. Give English euivalents to :
t
t /t 28, r
t r xt
28, ] x 31,
31, t t-
31, x
37, t
t 37, e xt 38,
38, t x
40.
/0. Paraphrase the Iollowing
sentences using the vocabulary oI tasks
I III:
1. Turning to Mrs. Mcee with
artiIicial laughter Myrtle conIessed that
she was done with that one and was
about to buy another.
2. Everyone knew Tom had a mistress
but at the same time everyone resented
the Iact that when they happen to see
Tom with her in public places, he would
walk around socializing with all her
acuaintances in a very conIident
manner.
3. There are women who are willing to
obey their husbands like slaves, through
Iear and admiration.
4. While heading to New York once
Nick and Tom occupied two seats
Iacing each other with nobody nearby.
At some point the train stopped in the
valley oI ashes and Tom just got Iirmly
Nick out oI the car.
24
5. Though Nick had created an image
oI a thin young girl Myrtle turned to be
Iaintly stout and in the mid-thirties.
6. The Airedale was reluctant to eat
anything and the Iood just decayed in
the saucer.
7. Tom insisted upon nick`s staying at
their place and added some comments
into the conversation Irom time to time.
8. Mr. Mcee was a bit stupeIied aIter
having a short sleep and tried to make
his way towards the door.
0. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1. Throwing a regal homecoming
glance around the neighborhood, Mrs.
Wilson gathered up her dog and her
other purchases, and went haughtily in`.
(p. 32-33)
2. She came in with such a proprietary
haste, and looked around so
possessively at the Iurniture that I
wondered iI she lived here`. (p. 34)
3. It`s really his wiIe that`s keeping
them apart. She`s catholic and they
don`t believe in divorce`. (p. 38)
0/. Topics Ior discussion :
1. Why did Tom Buchanan want Nick
to meet his mistress
2. The Wilsons. Why did Myrtle marry
Mr. Wilson
3. id Tom have any serious intentions
towards Myrtle
4. What`s your opinion oI the Mcees.
5. What social levels do Tom and
Myrtle belong to
6. What did Tom want to show by
hitting Mrs. Wilson in the Iace
7. What impression did the party at
Catherine`s make on you
0//. Prepare a written translation oI
the passage on p. 27 Irom 'About halI
way between . up to '. operations
Irom your sight.
A''/R%)Z! - 2
CHAPTER III
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
oboe, caterer, hors d`oeuvre,
tumultuous, bona Iide, conscientious,
poignant, vacuous, innuendo, chauIIer,
buIIet, premature, coupe, permeate
//. Study the vocabulary and use it in
the situations Irom the text:
to be gaudy with smth. 44; to be in Iull
swing 44; to prevent smth. 46; to be
struck by smth. 46; to attach oneselI to
smb 46; to yield smb. up 49; to be liable
to collapse 50; privacy, private 54;
hilarity 54; to implore smb. to do smth.
55; ineptly (inaptly) 55; to tantalize 57;
to run out oI 59; to Iade away 61.
///. Give English euivalents to the
Iollowing word-combinations and use
them in the situations Irom the book:
r + 44;
t
46; t - 46;
t t r- 47;
t t 52; tt
59.
/0. Situations oI encouragement.
0. Prepare a written translation oI the
passage on p. 44 Irom 'He smiled
understandingly . to . picking his
words with care.
0/. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
25
1. 'It was testimony to the romantic
speculation he inspired that there were
whispers about him Irom those who had
Iound little that it was necessary to
whisper about in this world. (p. 48)
2. 'And I like large parties. They`re
so intimate. At small parties there isn`t
any privacy. (p. 54)
3. 'ishonesty in a woman is a
thing you never blame deeply. (p. 63)
4. 'Everyone suspects himselI oI at
least one oI the cardinal virtues, and this
is mine: I am one oI the Iew honest
people that I have ever known. (p. 64)
0//. Topics Ior discussion :
1. The guests that came to Gatsby`s
parties and what they said about the
host.
2. What were your Iirst impressions
oI Gatsby To what extent did Nick`s
expectations oI Gatsby as personality
come true
3. Give a character sketch oI ordan
Baker. What is Nick`s attitude towards
her What is her attitude towards men
4. Nick Carraway and his visions oI
New York.
A''/RZ%)Z! -4
CHAPTER IV
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words and state their origin:
Iiance, chauIIeur, punctilious,
lieutenant, souvenir, limousine, beaux,
sauterne, debut, amour, Iaade,
unIathomable, rajah
//. Study the vocabulary and use it in
the situations Irom the text:
to pay tribute to smb. 65, to turn cotton-
white 66, to be submerged in smth. 71,
to set Ioot upon 72, to outstay smb.`s
welcome 77, to lay eyes on smth. 80, to
work up to smth. 84, out oI the way 84,
on the chance oI doing smth. 84
///. Find synonyms in the text to the
Iollowing:
uick-wittedness 68, to keep under
control 70, extremely Iunny 65, to
satisIy 76, contemptuous 85, to read
smth. very uickly without giving it a
proper thought 71, blessing 77, to be
take away by smth. 79
/0. Find antonyms to the Iollowing:
to have enough money Ior smth. 67,
regular 68, trustIul 70, collaboration 73,
to be shy to attract attention to oneselI
77, to share the thoughts and news with
smb. 80
0. Situations oI encouragement .
0/. Comment on the Iollowing
sentence:
1. There are only the pursued, the
pursuing, the busy and the tired`. p. 85
0//. Topics Ior discussion :
1. Why does the narrator give a long
list with the names oI Gatsby`s guests
2. Why did Gatsby want ordan
Baker to talk to Nick on his matter and
didn`t do it himselI
3. What impression did Meyer
WolIshiem produce upon you and how
does connection to this person
characterize Gatsby
4. II you were aisy would you
agree to meet Gatsby
0///. Prepare a written translation oI
the passage on p. 83 Irom 'Then it had
not been . up to '. a stranger`s
garden.
26
A''/RZ%)Z! -5
CHAPTER V
/. Learn the spelling and
the pronunciation oI the Iollowing
words:
gaudily, soggy, scrutinize, exhilarating,
counterIeit, distraught, demoniac,
postern, bureau, pompadour, Ieudal,
jonuil
//. Find synonyms in the
text to the Iollowing word-combinations
and use them in the situations Irom the
book:
to bring smb. problems 87, to interrupt
88, to be really busy 88, in payment Ior
smth. one has done 88, to examine
smth. very thoroughly and careIully 89,
persistent 93, the smallest amount oI
uality/Ieeling 94, not to have more
power to work / to be exhausted 97, to
get gradually used to a new situation
101
///. Give English
euivalents to the Iollowing:
rtt 87,
93, t
x 96, r
98, 98, et
r 100
/0. Situations oI
encouragement
0. Comment on the
Iollowing sentences:
1. I`d like to get one oI those pink
clouds and put you in it and push you
around`. p. 99
2. No amount oI Iire or Ireshness
can challenge what a man will store up
in his ghostly heart`. p. 101
0/. Topics Ior discussion :
1. Why was Gatsby so nervous and
even pessimistic about the meeting
2. What were they talking about
while Nick was away
3. What impression does the guided
tour oI Gatsby`s mansion produce on
you
4. How does the scene with the
shirts characterize both aisy and
Gatsby
5. How do you account Ior Gatsby`s
imperative way oI treating
lipspringer
6. What symbolic allusions or
coincidences have you noticed in the
chapter
0//. Prepare a written
translation oI the passage on p. 101
Irom 'As I went on. up to '. a
deathless song.
A''/RZ%)Z! -6
CHAPTER VI
/. Learn the spelling and the
pronunciation oI the Iollowing words:
meretricious, grotesue, Ierocious,
hitherto, murmurous, euphemism,
menagerie, notoriety, contingencies,
debauchee, antecedent, lethargic,
drowsiness, insidious
//. Study the
Iollowing word-combinations and use
them in the situations Irom the book:
27
to transpire 103, to haunt 105, to be
physically robust 105, to be startled
107, to be perturbed 110, to be appalled
113, to Iorce one`s way in 115, to
obliterate smth. 116
///. Give English
euivalents to the Iollowing:
xt t 103,
+r 105, t te-
x 107, r
] 110, t 113
/0. Pay attention to
the usage oI the Iollowing verbs oI
motion, diIIerentiate between their
meanings and think oI some 3-5
sentences with them to be translated
Irom Russian into English:
to loaI along 104, to beat one`s way
104, to coast along 106, to trot around
107, to run around 110, to stroll 111, to
saunter over 112, to linger 115
0. Comment on
the Iollowing sentences:
1. The whole passage on p. 115
starting with Her glance leIt me .`
2. You can`t repeat the past`.
Can`t repeat the past` he cried
incredulously. Why oI course you can!`
p. 116
0/. Topics Ior
discussion:
1. The true story oI ay Gatsby.
2. Tom changed the usual
atmosphere oI Gatsby`s parties, didn`t
he
3. How does the behaviour oI Tom,
aisy and Gatsby at the party reveal
their inner world
4. Is Gatsby a sentimental person
0//. Prepare a
written translation oI the passage on p.
105 Irom 'But his heart. up to '.
along shore.
A''/RZ%)Z! -I
CHAPTER VII (pp. 119-131 up to
'There is no conIusion .)
/. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words and be ready to
translate them into Russian:
villainous, weary, salon, couch,
momentarily, cymbal, coupe, gauge,
abyss, proprietor, inexplicable, sensuous
//. Study the Iollowing phrases and
make use oI them in the situations Irom
the chapter:
to outline smth. 120, common store oI
liIe 121, to be aIIront to smth. 121,
commutation ticket 121, to lean down
123, to be morbid 125, on the verge oI
tears 125, to mould senselessness into
Iorms 125, Have it your own way! 126
///. Give English euivalents to the
Iollowing words:
t t 119,
120,
t t t 122,
x tt
124, 130
/0. Situations oI encouragement
0. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1. 'LiIe starts all over again when it
gets crisp in the Iall p. 125
2. 'I can`t say anything in his house,
old sport. p. 126
28
3. 'Her voice is Iull oI money. p.
127
4. ' and it occurred to me that
there was no diIIerence between men, in
intelligence or race, so proIound as the
diIIerence between the sick and the
well. p. 131
0/. Prepare good reading and
translation oI the passage on p. 120-121
Irom 'The next day was broiling . ' to
'. suspected me just the same.
0//. Items Ior discussion
1. Why did Gatsby stop giving
parties
2. What kind oI discovery did Tom
make
3. well upon the reasons that made
Wilson wish to go west. Pay attention to
the phraseological meaning the words
to 1o west have.
4. Why is heat given such
prominence in this chapter
A''/RZ%)Z! -O
CHAPTER VII (SECON
HALF)
/. Study the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
precipitately; mint julep; magnanimous;
portentous; tumultuous; aluminum;
vicarious; rancour; incoherent
//. Explain the meaning oI the
Iollowing words in English and
illustrate their usage with situations
Irom the chapter:
to elude smb. 132; to dart 132; to come
into sight 132; to crab about smth 133;
to cause a row 136; to count smb. out
137; to go oII on a spree 138; Suit
yourselI! 141; to have smb. up 141;
over the counter 141; to leave smb. in
the lurch 141; to be snapped out 142; to
draw into oneselI 142
///. Encourage your group-mates to
use the vocabulary oI the chapter
/0. Comment upon the Iollowing
statements:

1. 'Human sympathy has its limits .
p. 143
2. 'He was his wiIe`s man and not his
own p. 144
3. 'There was an unmistakable air oI
natural intimacy about the picture and
anybody would have said that they were
conspiring together p. 152-153
0. Prepare good reading and
translation oI the passage on p. 137
Irom 'Nowadays people begin . up to
'. the last barrier oI civilization.
0/. Topics Ior discussion :
1. Analyze the behaviour oI all the
characters during the row in the hotel.
2. What`s the idea oI mentioning the
wedding taking place in the room
below
3. Why did Tom insist that aisy and
Gatsby should go home together
4. How come Nick didn`t remember his
birthday
5. Why did Tom cry on his way home
Were those tears about Myrtle
6. What could Tom and aisy be
talking about at home aIter the
accident
A''/RZ%)Z! -J
CHAPTER VIII
/. Study the Iollowing vocabulary
and reproduce the situations Irom the
text:
29
to clutch at smth 155; redolent oI smth.
155/158; to make the most oI
somebody`s time 156; to take smb.
under Ialse pretenses 156; to commit
oneselI to smth 156; grail 156; to throw
smb over 157; to keep dates with smb
158; to be in cahoots with 162; Iorlorn
hope 167; holocaust 170
//. Learn the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
dejection; chiIIon; holocaust; uotation;
settee; ancestral; unscrupulously;
vibrant; extravaganza; malice;
garrulous; dew; swivel; protg
///. Find in the text synonyms to
the Iollowing words:
class/division oI society 156;
unexpectedly 157; Iraud/impostor 159;
tactless/awkward 164; unwell/ill 166
/0. Situations oI encouragement
0. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1. '. he was almost sure that
Wilson had no Iriend: there was not
enough oI him Ior his wiIe p. 167
2. '. he had lost the old warm
world, paid a high price Ior living too
long with a single dream p. 169
0/. Prepare the translation oI the
passage on p. 158-159 Irom 'Through
the twilight universe . ' up to '. was
still at OxIord.
0//. Topics Ior discussion :
1. Nick did not want to leave Gatsby
alone in the morning. Why What did
he Ieel
2. Why could not Nick talk to
ordan
3. How do you account Ior inverted
commas in the word nice on p. 155 in
She was the first 2nice3 1irl he had e4er
5nown
4. Would Gatsby be happy iI he
were not killed
A''/RZ%)Z! -N
CHAPTER I
/. Study the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing words:
adventitious; indecipherable; prairie;
deIiciency; aesthetic; circumstantial;
superIluous; deIiance; pasuinade;
involuntarily; commensurate
//. Explain the meaning oI the
words. se them in the situations Irom
the text:
to set the key Ior smth. 171; to be into
mischieI 172; to grow upon smb. 172;
to urge smb. to do smth. 173; a token oI
smth. 173; to get mixed in smth.
174/180; to be knocked down and out
174; to deIer arrangements 176; to sneer
177; in vain 178; to seem reluctant to do
smth. 181; to overtake smb. 186; to
retreat back into smth. 188
///. Give English euivalents Irom
the text oI the Iollowing Russian
phrases:
1. V ,
r r 172
2. V r t r
179
3. t r r,
x 179
4. O t 182
5. C t t 186
6. C x t 186
30
7. O tt r 187
/0. Situations oI encouragement
0. Comment on the Iollowing
sentences:
1. 'Let us learn to show our Iriendship
Ior a man when he is alive and not aIter
he is dead p. 180
2. 'I`m thirty, I said. 'I`m Iive years
too old to lie to myselI and call it
honour p. 186
3. '. that huge incoherent Iailure oI a
house p. 188
0/. Prepare a written translation oI a
passage on p. 184 Irom 'That`s my
middle west ... to . and no one
cares.
0//. Topics Ior discussion :
1. Why almost nobody showed up
Ior Gatsby`s Iuneral What do you think
oI the reasons lipspringer, WolIshiem
and others gave not to come
2. How does the schedule Ior
September 12, 1906 characterize
Gatsby
3. ordan Baker. id you manage to
get her personality
4. How do you account Ior the
visions Nick was haunted by (p. 185)
5. Is Tom directly guilty oI Gatsby`s
death Why do you think Nick shook
hands with Tom aIter all
6. On having been published in
1934 the book didn`t sell well.
Fitzgerald attributed it to the weak`
title. Would you agree that 'Great
Gatsby leads to the commercial Iailure
oI the novel
Dor &"e 8ina$ 7$a**V A$ea*eV *:=mi& an
e**a, &o &"e &oAi7 BW"a& i* grea& in
Rrea& Ra&*=,[E
4
>!"e Mridge o8 'an C:i* Te,( by Th.
Wilder
!"orn&on
Zi<en
Wi$der was
born in 1897
at Madison,
Wisconsin,
SA. His
Iather had
gained a
octorate at Yale and became an editor
and owner oI two newspapers. His
brilliant editorials made his career. He
was appointed by President Th.
Roosevelt American Consul-General in
Shanghai and Hong ong between the
years 1905-1909. From the age oI seven
to eleven Wilder junior attended school
in China. His parents returned to
America in 1910 and settled at Berkley
in CaliIornia. There young Thornton
began to write. When he entered Yale
he had already produced three short
plays. Having a cultural Iamily
31
background Wilder began at an early
age to study economy, history,
philosophy and literature, which can be
easily traced in his literary production.
Wilder graduated in 1920 also Irom
Yale and went to Europe to study
architecture in Italy. On his return to
America young Wilder taught French at
school and wrote some short stories. In
1927 his novel The Brid1e of San ,uis
Rey was published alongside with some
plays. The publication oI The Brid1e ...
made him Iamous in one night. It won
him his Iirst Pulitzer Prize, a notable
American award Ior literature. His later
plays Our Town and The S5in of Our
Teeth got wide recognition and brought
Wilder his second and third Pulitzer
Prize. Some oI Wilder`s novels and
plays have been translated into Russian.
Wilder died in 1975.
A**ignmen& -.
(Foreword, Part I (pp. 3-11 ) +
commentary (pp. 83-84)
/. Study the pronunciation oI the
Iollowing:
civilization; claimant; plague; reigning;
conuistador; incessant; heresy
antiuity; viceroy; inuisition; liturgy;
osier; crusade; luxuriously; drought;
maruesa; plumage; treacherously;
usurer; admirable; remnants;
hallucination; bracelet; stylization
//. Pick out all the words with the
meaning oI misfortune .
///. Explain the meaning oI the
Iollowing word combinations and
illustrate their usage with examples oI
your own:
to raise smb. Irom obscurity (p. 4)
to display originality and versatility
in sth /doing sth/ (p. 5)
to create complex characters (p. 5)
to impart sth. to sth. (p. 6)
to outvalue sth. (p. 6)
a rent in sth. (p. 9)
to bid sb. (to) do sth. (p. 9)
to resort to sth. (p. 10)
to inuire into sth (p. 10)
to surprise a reason/one`s intentions
(p. 10)
to brush sb. oI sth. (p. 9)
to brush sth. away (p. 11)
to canonize smb. (p. 83)
/0. Make up 2 sentences in Russian
with these phrases Ior your group-mates
to translate.
0. Search the text Ior English
euivalents oI the Iollowing:
rt (p. 5); t
t (p. 8); t (p.
8); ; t (p. 9);
t ; tt
r- (p. 9); tt
- r (p. 83).
0/. Think oI some short situation to
encourage your group-mates to use one
oI the phrases listed in task 0 .
0//. Prepare good reading and
translation oI the Iirst passage on p.10.
0///. Speak on the Iollowing:
1. Is it typical oI a novel to start with a
climax Why
2. When and where does the action take
place How well do you know the
epoch described in the book
32
3. Your attitude to the idea: Either we
live by accident and die by accident, or
we live by plan and die by plan.
4. Your personal view on religion.
A**ignmen& -1.
(pp. 12-23 ... But the person who
saw ...)
/. Study the pronunciation:
supercilious; scurrilous; exuisite;
idolatrous; obseuious; subtle;
viceregal; Ilamboyance; conciliations;
louacious; rouge; inconspicuous
//. Explain the meaning oI the
Iollowing:
to err (p. 12)
to persecute sb. /with smth./ (p. 12)
to be denounced (p. 13)
to insinuate oneselI into smth. (p. 14)
to long to do smth. (p. 15)
to be vexed (p. 19)
to driIt through the weeks (p. 20)
to emerge Irom smth. (p. 20)
to be conIounded (p. 21)
to have resentment at smb. (p. 22)
to take liberties with smb. (p. 19)
///. Think oI some 2 sentences in
Russian Ior your group mates to
translate, using the phrases Irom task // .
/0. Find in the text the English
euivalents to the Iollowing:
t (p. 16); xt
rt - x (p.
16); tt (p. 17);
t (p. 19).
0. With the situation oI your own
encourage your group-mates to use a
phrase Irom tasks // and /0 .
0/. Prepare good reading and
translation oI the passage on p. 15
starting with This was the old
woman ....
0//. Speak on the Iollowing:
1. Was Maruesa`s liIe miserable and
tragic Who is to be blamed Ior that
2. Maruesa`s writing abilities.
3. The incident in the theater and the
conseuences to which it lead.
0///. Comment on the Iollowing:
1. Style is but the Iaintly
contemptible vessel in which the bitter
liuid is recommended to the world (p.
15).
2. All Iamilies live in a wasteIul
atmosphere oI custom and kiss one
another with secret indiIIerence (p.
15).
A**ignmen& -2.
(pp.23-32)
/. Study the pronunciation:
obstinacy; minute; eIIicacy; virtuosity;
cessation; abominable; thither; brazier;
trough; etiuette; tranuil; charcoal;
torture; statuettes; jocose; obliuely;
tumult; exhumed; endearment;
encyclopdist
//. Explain the meaning oI the
Iollowing and reproduce the situations
Irom the text.
to concede (p. 23)
to be gnawed away (p. 23)
to bind smb. to the maintenance (p.
24)
to dash into smth. (p. 25)
33
to withdraw into oneselI (p. 26)
to mitigate smb. (p. 26)
the rites oI smth. (p. 27)
to rend Irom smth. (p. 27)
to surge up (p. 27)
to make a pilgrimage (p. 27)
to be cut short (p. 28)
to enclose smth. (p. 31)
to ransack smth. (p. 32)
Encourage your group-mates to use the
vocabulary oI the task by the situations
oI your own.
///. Make up some 2-3 Russian
sentences Ior your group-mates to
translate into English using the
vocabulary.
/0. Read and translate the passage on
p. 27 At times... her daughter`s bed
0. Items Ior discussion:
1. The story oI Pepita
2. id the news about the child to be
born change the Maruesa
3. Why do you think the accident
happened to them on their way back
but not on their way to the shrine
A**ignmen& -4.
(pp. 32-41)
/. Study the pronunciation :
hideous; uills; congeniality; cruciIix;
tacit; resignation; choirmaster; somber;
luxury; uaint; lore; Iutile; bodice
//. Study the meaning oI the
Iollowing vocabulary:
to evolve smth. (p. 34)
to be perplexed (p. 34)
to dissipate in (p. 35)
to be Iascinated by (p. 35)
to uench excitement (p. 36)
to cast oneselI upon smth. (p. 37)
to brood over smth/smb. (p. 38)
Reproduce the situations Irom the text
with these phrases.
///. Think over a situation with the
help oI which you can encourage your
group-mates to use one oI the phrases
Irom task // .
/0. Find the English euivalents in
the text to:
t t (p. 32); tt
(]) r- (p. 34);
( ) (p. 35);
t t-
(p. 34).
0. Translate into English:
1. r x
t r rr.
2. - t
tt r.
3. H x t
rt
t rtt x
x.
Make up your own sentences to
translate Irom Russian into English.
0/. Prepare good reading and
translation oI the passage on p. 36 But
the liIe... oI their liIe.
0//. Items Ior discussion:
1. In what way were the brothers alike
and in what way did they diIIer
2. well upon your personal
experience oI communication with
twins, iI any.
34
3. o you approve oI parents trying to
make their twin children dress alike
0///. Comment on the Iollowing:
1. Many people would never have
Iallen in love iI they had not heard
about it (p. 36)
2. ...even in the most perIect love one
person loves less proIoundly than the
other. (p. 36)
A**ignmen& -5.
(pp. 41-51)
/. Study the pronunciation:
proprietor; serene; shepherd; sewing;
draught; devout; reticence; wraith;
guile; exasperation; prow; merchandise
//. Explain the meaning oI the
Iollowing phrases and reproduce the
situations Irom the text:
to Iling oneselI about (p. 42)
to become delirious (p. 42)
to skip smth (p. 44)
to be dumped into the street (p. 44)
to allude to smth (p. 45)
to entertain a great respect Ior smb (p.
47)
to blurt out (p. 50)
to be content with (p. 43)
Encourage your group-mates to use the
vocabulary oI the task by the situations
oI your own.
///. Make up 2-3 Russian sentences
Ior your group-mates to translate into
English using vocabulary oI task // .
/0. Prepare good reading and
translation oI passage on p. 49. I hear
you went ... Is that true
0. Items Ior discussion:
1. What made Esteban suIIer aIter his
brother`s death Were those real
suIIerings or he exercised some other
Ieelings
2. Why did Esteban call himselI
Manuel
3. Why didn`t Esteban want to take part
in Manuel`s Iuneral
4. What did Maruesa mean in one oI
her letters writing about Captain
Alvarado that he goes about the
hemispheres to pass the time between
now and his old age
5. o thoughts about death come to
your mind Irom time to time In what
way In what connection
A**ignmen& -6.
(pp. 51-62)
/. Read chapter IV up to passage The
addition oI the Archbishop ... on p. 62.
//. Study the pronunciation:
harleuin; coiIIeur; lachrymose;
connoisseurship; coterie; masseur;
antiues; porcelain; nougat; Irontier;
omniscient; tenacious; turuoise;
renaissance; puerile; omniscience
///. Study the meaning oI the
vocabulary below and give the
situations Irom the text:
to send word to somewhere (p. 51)
to be moth-eaten by disease (p. 52)
to be swamped with smth. (p. 53)
to live by one`s wits (p. 53)
to be tied down (p. 54)
35
to reveal oneselI (p. 55)
to Iall Irom Iavour (p. 55)
to be contemptuous oI smth. (p. 55)
to bestir smb. (p. 59)
to eIIace smb. (p. 59)
/0. Think oI a situation to encourage
your group-mates to use the vocabulary
listed above.
0. Prepare good reading and
translation oI the passage on p. 51 As
the golden wire ... mysterious errands oI
his.
0/. Topics Ior discussion:
1. ncle Pio`s biography.
2. How do his liIe-aims characterize
ncle Pio
3. ncle Pio and the ladies.
4. ncle Pio plays Pygmalion.
5. Comment on the six attributes oI the
adventurer given on p. 53
A**ignmen& -I
(chapter IV up to p. 73)
/. Study the pronunciation:
cursory; divinity; vagabondage; Iurtive;
usurpation; convalescence; distraught;
ludicrous; vicinity; rachitic;
dowager; parapet
//. Study the vocabulary
oI one`s own accord (p. 62)
to allude to smth. (p. 64)
to extricate oneselI (p. 65)
to linger about (p. 66)
to Iix a wish upon a star (p. 66)
idle-handed (p. 66)
to talk at random (p. 67)
to have (no) heart Ior smth. (p. 68)
to penetrate into (p. 69)
to be impaired (p. 69)
to besiege smth. (p. 69)
to enIorce one`s reuest (p. 72)
///. Situations oI encouragement .
/0. Prepare good reading and
translation oI the passage on p. 63 All
night they talked ... the race oI men
0. Topics Ior discussion:
1. ncle Pio`s love Ior Camila.
2. What does some island mean Ior
ncle Pio (p. 68)
3. What changes happened to Camila
with years
A**ignmen& -O
(part V)
/. Study the pronunciation:
votive; horizon; Iriar; languorous;
embroidery; procedure; unsavoury;
rueIul; sincere; avarice; chasm; Irontier
//. Study the vocabulary:
by dint oI hearing (p. 74)
mainstay oI a Iull hut (p. 74)
to contrive (p. 74)
to stumble about (p. 75)
to relapse into smth. (p. 78)
to gape over smb. (p. 78)
to Iail smb. (p. 78)
to lurk about (p. 79)
///. Your situations oI
encouragement.
/0. Read and translate the passage
And so saying ... on p. 75.
0. Items Ior discussion:
36
1. The way the work oI Brother uniper
was evaluated. Why did he admit he
was under the inIluence oI the devil (p.
76).
2. What brought Camila to the Abbess
3. Give your opinion about the story oI
the master oI San Martin (p. 75)
4. Comment on the reaction oI Captain
Alvarado (p. 77) How Ialse, how
unreal.
5. Comment on the last words oI the
book.
6. Why those Iive
7. Anyone who is interested in reading
biographies What do you Iind in them

!oAi7* 8or &"e 8ina$ di*7:**ion o8
>!"e Mridge o8 'an C:i* Te,(
by Th. Wilder
/. Speak on the style and the language
oI the book (choice oI words, topical
vocabulary, the way the author copes
with the task to bring the ideas home to
the reader, stylistic devices, etc.).
/. Compare the diIIerent kinds oI love
described by the author:
Maruesa`s love Ior her daughter
ncle Pio`s love Ior Camila
Twins` love Ior each other
You can enlarge the list on your own.
///. o the characters have something
in common that brings them to the
Bridge Work out a character-sketch oI
each victim. (5 persons Ior this task).
/0. oes the book prove the idea that
a person is his/her Iate`s creator Why
do you think so
0. Who do you mostly sympathize
with in the book and why (Say as
much about the person(s) as you can).
37
t 20.08.08r. x 50 +.
O KPOV O
185035 r. Kt 7 11
78-35-57, 78-58-23
e-mail: orakulkarelia.ru, http:// orakul.onego.ru

Оценить