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FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL

English translation 2006.12.15 page 1/50


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MEMBRE DE L'EOTA
MEMBER OF EOTA
Agrment Technique Europen No. ETA-06/0226
(version originale en franais)
European Technical Approval No. ETA-06/0226
(Original Version in French Language)
Nom commercial
Trade name:
Systme Freyssinet
Dtenteur de l'ATE
Holder of approval:
FREYSSINET
1 bis, rue du Petit Clamart
F-78140 VELIZY
Type gnrique et
utilisation prvue du
produit de construction
Generic type and use of
construction product:
Kit de prcontrainte de structures par posttension
Post-tensioning kit for prestressing of structures
Valid from:
to:
25.01.2007
24.01.2012
Producteur du procd:
Kit manufacturer
PPC
Z.A. du Monay-Saint Eusbe
F-71210 SAINT EUSBE
Le prsent agrment
technique europen
contient :
This European Technical
Approval contains:
90 pages comprenant 40 pages dannexes (dessins) faisant partie intgrante du
document.
90 pages including 40 pages of annexes which form an integral part of the
document
Organisation pour l'Agrment Technique Europen
European Organisation for Technical Approvals
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.15 page 2/50
CONTENTS
A LEGAL BASES AND GENERAL CONDITIONS................................................................................... 5
B SPECIFIC CONDITIONS OF THE EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL............................. 6
B.1 DEFINITION OF PRODUCTS AND INTENDED USE.................................................................................... 6
B.2 CHARACTERISTICS OF PRODUCTS AND VERIFICATION METHODS ....................................................... 12
B.3 EVALUATION AND ATTESTATION OF CONFORMITY AND CE MARKING.............................................. 13
B.4 ASSUMPTIONS UNDER WHICH THE FITNESS OF THE PRODUCTS FOR THE INTENDED USE WAS ASSESSED
15
B.5 INDICATIONS TO THE MANUFACTURER............................................................................................... 16
C PRESCRIBED TEST PLAN .............................................................................................................. 17
D BASIC ELEMENTS OF AUDIT TESTING..................................................................................... 19
E PRESTRESSING UNITS AND USE CATEGORIES...................................................................... 20
E.1 UNITS CODING .................................................................................................................................... 20
E.2 USE CATEGORIES................................................................................................................................ 20
E.3 PARTICULARITIES OF THE KIT............................................................................................................. 24
E.4 FORCES OF PRESTRESSING TENDONS.................................................................................................. 25
F ANCHORAGES .................................................................................................................................. 26
F.1 DESCRIPTION OF ANCHORAGE COMPONENTS ..................................................................................... 27
F.2 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE OF ANCHORAGES ................................................................................ 29
G TENSILE ELEMENTS AND DUCTS............................................................................................... 31
G.1 TENSILE ELEMENTS ............................................................................................................................ 31
G.2 DUCTS ................................................................................................................................................ 32
G.3 CABLE LAY-OUT ................................................................................................................................ 36
H TENSIONING...................................................................................................................................... 38
H.1 TENSIONING EQUIPMENT.................................................................................................................... 38
H.2 PARTICULAR RECOMMENDATIONS ..................................................................................................... 38
H.3 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR TENSIONING AND CONTROL....................................................................... 38
I PROTECTION OF TENDONS.......................................................................................................... 39
I.1 LUBRICATION AND TEMPORARY PROTECTION......................................................................................... 39
I.2 FILLING MATERIALS USED...................................................................................................................... 39
I.3 INJECTION EQUIPMENT............................................................................................................................ 39
J MECHANICAL AND GEOMETRICAL CONDITIONS OF USE................................................ 40
J.1 FRICTION LOSSES AND ELONGATIONS..................................................................................................... 40
J.2 GEOMETRICAL CONDITIONS OF USE........................................................................................................ 41
J.3 BURSTING REINFORCEMENT.................................................................................................................... 44
K DRAWINGS......................................................................................................................................... 50
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.15 page 3/50
LIST OF DRAWINGS
1. C15 anchoring wedge
2. C13 anchoring wedge
3. T15D swage
4. T15DC swage
5. T13D swage
6. P 15 strand connector
7. P 13 strand connector
8. A nC15 anchorage bare strand duct
9. A nC15 anchorage bare strand steel pipe
10. A nC15 anchorage monostrand duct
11. A nC15 anchorage monostrand steel pipe
12. A nC15 anchorage monostrand plastic pipe
13. A nC15 anchorage monostrand no duct
14. AD nC15 anchorage bare strand injected with cement grout
15. AD nC15 anchorage bare strand injected with wax or grease
16. A nC15 EI electrically isolated anchorage
17. CI nC15 fixed coupler
18. CM nC15 movable coupler
19. NB nC15 anchorage
20. A 1F15 A 1F13 NB 1F15 NB 1F13 single anchorage bonded prestressing
21. A nF13 A nF15 anchorage bare strand bonded prestressing
22. CI nF13 CI nF15 fixed coupler bare strand bonded prestressing
23. A 1F15 A 1F13 NB 1F15 NB 1F13 single anchorage unbonded prestressing
24. A nF13 A nF15 anchorage monostrand unbonded prestressing
25. A 1X13 A 1X15 anchorage monostrand
26. A 2X13 A 2X15 anchorage monostrand
27. Liaseal

seal system for match-cast segments


28. Identification drawings for C-series anchorage blocks
29. Permanent cachetage of nC15 anchorages
30. Temporary or permanent cachetage of nC15 anchorages
31. Sealing-in of restressable nC15 anchorages
32. External prestressing with monostrands injection closure
33. External prestressing allowing load monitoring, restressing and replacement without damage
to duct
34. Space requirement for CCxxx jacks
35. Space requirement for CxxxF jacks
36. Space requirement for KxxxC jacks (with hydraulic lock-off)
37. Space requirement for KxxxC jacks (without hydraulic lock-off)
38. Space requirement for K500F jack
39. Space requirement for VPxxxC jacks
40. Space requirement for 55C15 equitension jack
41. Load-monitoring jack for threaded 55C15 anchorage
42. Space requirement for single strand jacks type C
43. Space requirement for jacks A 1F13 - 1F15 anchorage
44. Space requirement for jacks A nF13 A nF15 anchorage
45. Adapter for 1X13 1X15 anchorage
46. Adapter for 2X13 2X15 anchorage
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.15 page 4/50
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 Low-Capacity Anchorages
Table 2 High-Capacity Anchorages
Table 3 Anchrorage Models for Basic and Optional Categories of Use
Table 3bis Selection of Kit Elements Depending on Basic and Optional Categories of Use
Table 4 Concrete Structures Use Categories
Table 5 Maximum Force with Stressing Limit F
o
= min{0,8 F
pk
,0,9 F
p0,1%
}
Table 6 Maximum Force at Stressing Anchorage for a Single Strand
Table 7 Thickness of Steel Strip Sheaths
Table 8 Dimensions of Smooth HDPE Tubes
Table 9 Minimum Curvature Radius for Internal Prestressing
Table 10 Minimum Curvature Radius for External Prestressing
Table 11 Friction Loss in Anchorages
Table 12 Friction and Wobble Coefficient
Table 13 Wedge Pull-In at Stressing Anchorages
Table 14 Minimum Edge Distances for C-Model Anchorages
Table 15 Minimum Edge Distances for Model F Anchorages
Table 16 FeE 235 Bursting Steel for f
cm,o
= 24 MPa
Table 17 FeE 235 Bursting Steel for f
cm,o
= 44 MPa
Table 18 FeE 235 Bursting Steel for f
cm,o
= 60 MPa
Table 19 Helical Bursting Steel with FeE 235 for f
cm,o
= 24 MPa
Table 20 Helical Bursting Steel with FeE 235 for f
cm,o
= 44 MPa
Table 21 Helical Bursting Steel with FeE 235 for f
cm,o
= 60 MPa
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.15 page 5/50
A LEGAL BASES AND GENERAL CONDITIONS
A.1 This European Technical Approval is issued by SETRA in accordance with:
Council Directive 89/106/EEC of 21 December 1988 on the approximation of
laws, regulations and administrative provisions of Member States relating to
construction products
1
, modified by Council Directive 93/68/EEC
2
and
Regulation (EC) N
o
1882/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council
3
;
dcret n92-647 du 8 juillet 1992
4
concernant l'aptitude l'usage des produits de
construction
Common Procedural Rules for Requesting, Preparing and the Granting of
European Technical Approvals set out in the Annex to Commission Decision
94/23/EC
5
;
ETAG 013, Edition June 2002, Post-Tensioning Kits for Prestressing of
Structures.
A.2 SETRA is authorised to check whether the provisions of this European Technical
Approval are met. Checking may take place in the manufacturing plant(s). Nevertheless, the
responsibility for the conformity of the products to the European Technical Approval and for
their fitness for the intended use remains with the holder of the European Technical Approval.
A.3 This European Technical Approval is not to be transferred to manufacturers or agents
of manufacturers other than those indicated on page 1, or manufacturing plants other than
those indicated on page 1 of this European Technical Approval.
A.4 This European Technical Approval may be withdrawn by SETRA, in particular
pursuant to information by the Commission according to Article 5(1) of Council Directive
89/106/EEC.
A.5 Reproduction of this European Technical Approval including transmission by
electronic means shall be in full. However, partial reproduction can be made with the written
consent of SETRA. In this case partial reproduction has to be designated as such. Texts and
drawings of advertising brochures shall not contradict or misuse the European Technical
Approval.
A.6 The European Technical Approval is issued by the approval body in its official
language. This version corresponds fully to the version circulated in EOTA. Translations into
other languages have to be designated as such.

1
Official Journal of the European Communities N
o
L 40, 11.2.1989, p. 12
2
Official Journal of the European Communities N
o
L 220, 30.8.1993, p. 1
3
Official Journal of the European Union N
o
L 284, 30.10.2003, p. 1
4
JORF du 14 juillet 1992
5
Official Journal of the European Communities N
o
L 17, 20.1.1994, p. 34
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.15 page 6/50
B SPECIFIC CONDITIONS OF THE EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
B.1 DEFINITION OF PRODUCTS AND INTENDED USE
B.1.1 Definition of Products
The Freyssinet prestressing kit is a post-tensioning kit designed for both internal and external
prestressing. A prestressing cable consists of a bundle of 7-wire strands in accordance with
section G.1 and is referred to as the tensile element. When fitted with its anchorages, the
prestressing tendon is referred to as the prestressing unit.
The tensile element is housed in a duct in accordance with section G.2.
In the case of unbonded internal prestressing, however, monostrands (strands with individual
protection by grease or wax and plastic sheath) may be used without any duct, the strands
being placed in the structure according to the design requirement.
The set of anchorages available allows using prestressing units up to 55 strands.
Prestressing strands can be made in accordance with European and national provisions.
The prestressing tensile elements consist of:
12,5 mm or 12,9 mm nominal diameter strands, with a nominal tensile strength of
1770 MPa or 1860 MPa, coded respectively Y1770 (or Y1860) S7 12,5 (or 12,9) in
prEN 10138-3 and designated T13, T13S or simply T13 in the present document,
15,3 mm or 15,7 mm nominal diameter strands, with a nominal tensile strength
1770 MPa or 1860 MPa, coded respectively Y1770 (or Y1860) S7 15,3 (or 15,7) in
prEN 10138-3 and designated T15, T15S or simply T15 in the present document.
Freyssinet stressing anchorages anchor each strand individually by means of a conical wedge
inserted in a conical hole of anchorage block. The diameter of the internal thread of the
Freyssinet anchor wedge depends on the strand nominal diameter, T13 or T15 (drawings 1
and 2).
B.1.1.1 Stressing anchorages
Anchorages are said to be the stressing type (and are coded A for active) when they are the
anchorages at the end of tensile elements where the tensioning operation takes place. A
stressing anchorage consists of an anchorage head, i.e. a steel block or a casting with holes to
receive anchorage wedges. The anchorage head bears on a load spreading plate, except for
models F and X where the load spreading plate is part of the anchorage block. This load
spreading plate is:
either a casting known as a trumplate, which is cast into the concrete of the structure,
or a bearing plate of dimensions to suit the load-bearing capacity of the structure
(when not in concrete).
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.15 page 7/50
Different active anchorage models are available, to meet specific construction needs.
Structural anchorages model C
Prestressing anchorages model C are generally used for civil engineering prestressed
structures. They consist of a circular steel anchor head bearing on a cast-iron trumplate with
one or several intermediate spreading rings. They cover a range between 3 and 55 strands T13
or T15 (drawings 8 to 16).
Slab anchorages model F
Prestressing anchorages model F are generally used for prestressing thin elements (e.g.
concrete floor slabs and walls) and consist of a one-piece casting which combines the
anchorage block and the trumplate. It is available for prestressing units with 1, 3 or 4 strands
T13 or T15 (drawings 20 to 24).
Hoop anchorages model X
The Freyssinet hoop anchorage consists of a casting bearing against the circular structure
which serves as anchorage to the two ends of one or two hoops:
The 1 X anchorage is used to make one prestressing hoop, with radius of up to 27,5 m
(drawing 25),
The 2 X anchorage is used to anchor two hoops, each wrapped once or twice around
the structure, with radius of up to 5,5 m (drawing 26).
B.1.1.2 External passive anchorages
When anchorages are said external passive they will not allow fitting of a tensioning jack
but are nevertheless accessible during the tensioning operation. This kind of anchorage is
made out of stressing anchorages in which the wedges have been pre-blocked, without
protruding tendon length for tensioning. They can be inspected during tensioning. The
Freyssinet denomination for these types is identical to that of stressing anchorages.
Anchorages are said embedded or internally fixed when incorporated in concrete of structure.
These NB designated anchorages use swages to ensure fixing of strand ends (drawings 3 to 5)
on a model C anchor head fitted with cylindrical holes and seated on a tromplate. They can be
used for units ranging from 1 to 55 strands T13 or T15 (drawing 19).
B.1.1.3 Fixed Couplers
Couplers connect two tensile elements that are tensioned one after the other in two separate
concreting phases
Coupler CI
It consists of individual type P strand connectors (see paragraph B.1.1.4 below) connecting
each strand of the primary tendon to its counterpart in the secondary tendon (drawing 17). It is
used for prestressing units with 1 to 37 strands T13 or T15.
The reinforcement in the deviation zone has to be calculated by the designer.
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.15 page 8/50
B.1.1.4 Movable couplers CM
Movable couplers CM connect two tensile elements which are tensioned simultaneously in a
single operation. Strands are connected together with a type P individual strand connector;
strand connector positions are offset in the case of multistrand units.
The connector consists of a cast-iron body to receive two anchorage wedges and serves to
connect two sections of a tensile element. Two models are available:
strand connector P 13 is used with T13 and T13S strands (drawing 7),
strand connector P 15 is used with T15 and T15S strands (drawing 6).
Movable couplers are used for prestressing units with 1 to 37 strands T13 or T15
(drawing 18).
The length of the coupler resevation is obtained by the formula L = M + U, where U is the
connector displacement including provision for stressing tolerance according to national
regulations and M is a fixed dimension depending on the tendon type including necessary
installation tolerance given in the table of relevant drawings.
B.1.1.5 Tables : anchorage models and ETA-covered units
Type
Number of strands T13 or T15 Anchorage
model
1 2 3 4
A F x x x
X x x
AD X x x
NB F x
CI F x x x
CM F x x x
Table 1. Low-Capacity Anchorages
For definition of symbols, see E.1 below
Number of strands T13 or T15
Type
Anchorage
model
3 4 7 9 12 13 19 22 25 25C 27 31 37 55
A x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
AD x x x x x x x x x x x x x
NB
C
x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
CI x x x x x x x x x x x x x
CM x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Table 2. High-Capacity Anchorages
B.1.1.6 Other Components
Prestressing units of Freyssinet kit require different components, some of them being
common to several models.
- Ducts, used to isolate, guide and protect tensile elements (see section G.2).
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.15 page 9/50
- Connecting accessories may be improved by plastic adhesives, heat-shrink sleeves or
mastic.
- Injection materials for anchorages and ducts, such as cement grout, grease and wax.
- Tubes or specific elements for deviation of external cables at given locations in the
structure. These deviators are generally made out of steel plain pipes. The specific
elements may include reservations inside the concrete reinforcement or construction steel
saddles to obtain the cable deviator.
- Bursting steel reinforcement, for the concrete confinement at anchorages and deviators, to
complete the general structural reinforcement and ensure prestressing force transfer.
- Specific accessories to facilitate cable placing and stressing, tendon grouting, de-
tensioning and replacement of tendon, such as vents, duct drainage, tendon supports,
temporary and permanent protection caps of anchorages and couplers, coupling elements
between duct sections and for duct connection to anchorages.
Following components are covered by national or European provisions:
- prestressing steels,
- steel corrugated sheath,
- steel or plastic pipes or tubes,
- grouting products,
- bursting reinforcing steel.
For this reason, these components are not described in this ETA. However, they can be used
for the prestressing kit.
B.1.2 Intended Use
The prestressing kit described in this ETA can be used for new structures, for repair and
reinforcement of existing structures with following basic categories of use:
Internal bonded tendon for concrete and composite system
Internal unbonded tendon for concrete and composite system
External tendon for concrete structures with a tendon path situated outside the cross-
section of the structure but inside its envelope.
The prestressing kit described in this ETA offers additionally optional categories of use for
which standard tendon characteristics are improved. These options are as follows:
1. restressable tendon (external or internal),
2. exchangeable tendon (external or internal),
3. tendon for cryogenic applications,
4. internal bonded tendon with plastic ducts,
5. encapsulated tendon,
6. electrically isolated tendon,
7. tendon for use in structural steel or composite construction as external tendon,
8. tendon for use in structural masonry construction as internal or external tendon,
9. tendon for use in structural timber construction as internal or external tendon.
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.15 page 10/50
PT-anchorage zones have to be designed to resist 1,1 Fpk according to the relevant Eurocode
in case of use with other materials than concrete.
The prestressing kit described in this ETA can be used in any type of structure and is used
more frequently in:
bridges (superstructures, piers, abutments, foundations),
buildings (floors, foundations, core walls, walls, columns, shear walls, lateral load
resisting frames, foundations),
reservoirs (walls, slabs, roofs),
silos (walls),
nuclear containment structures,
offshore structures (all parts),
floating installations and platforms (all parts),
retaining walls,
dams,
tunnels (longitudinal and transverse/hoop tendons),
large diameter pipes,
roads and airports.
Categories of Use
M
o
d
e
l

C

F
i
x
e
d

C
o
u
p
l
e
r
s


C
I

M
o
v
a
b
l
e

C
o
u
p
l
e
r
s


C
M

M
o
d
e
l

F

M
o
d
e
l

X

M
o
d
e
l

N
B

Bonded Internal Tendon for Concrete
and Composite Structures
3 to 55 1 to 37 3 to 37 1 to 4 1 to 2 1 to 55
Unbonded Internal Tendon for
Concrete and Composite Structures
3 to 55 1 to 37 3 to 37 1 to 4 1 to 2
External Tendon for Concrete and
Composite Structures
3 to 37 1 to 37 1 to 2
Options
(a) Restressable Tendon 3 to 55 1 to 4 1 to 2
(b) Replaceable Tendon 3 to 55 1 to 4 1 to 2
(c) Tendon for Cryogenic
Applications
3 to 55
(d) Bonded Internal with Plastic
Duct
3 to 37 1 to 37 3 to 37 1 to 4 1 to 2
(e) Encapsulated Tendon 3 to 37 1 to 37 3 to 37 1 to 4 1 to 2
(f) Electrically Isolated Tendon 3 to 37 3 to 37 3 to 37
(g) External Cable for Steel or
Composite Structures
3 to 37 1 to 2
(h) Internal/External Tendon for
Masonry Structures
3 to 37 1 to 4 1 to 2
(i) Internal/External Tendon for
Timber Structures
3 to 37 1 to 2
Table 3. Anchorage Models for Basic and Optional Categories of Use
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.15 page 11/50
Structures Options
Pre-
stressing
Type
C
o
n
c
r
e
t
e

S
t
e
e
l

M
a
s
o
n
r
y

T
i
m
b
e
r

R
e
s
t
r
e
s
s
a
b
l
e

E
x
c
h
a
n
g
e
a
b
l
e
C
r
y
o
g
e
n
i
c
E
n
c
a
p
s
u
l
a
t
e
d

E
l
e
c
t
r
i
c
a
l

I
s
o
l
a
t
e
d

Anchorage &
Coupler Type Model Duct Tensile Element Injection
Anchor
Protection
Sealing
Typical
Drawings

[3]
x x x Standard C, F, NB Steel Bare Strand Cement Grout Cachetage/Cap refer to
[4]
x x x x Standard C, F, NB Plastic
[1]
Bare Strand Cement Grout Cachetage/Cap refer to
[5]
Internal
Bonded
x x x Isolated C, F Plastic
[1]
Bare Strand Cement Grout Cachetage/Cap 16, 20, 21
x Standard C Steel Bare Strand Grease/Wax Cachetage/Cap 9
x x Standard C Plastic Bare Strand Grease/Wax Cachetage/Cap 9
x x x Standard C Steel Bare Strand Grease/Wax Extended Cap 9
x x x x Standard C Plastic Bare Strand Grease/Wax Extended Cap 9
x x x Standard C Steel Monostrand Cement Grout Extended Cap 10, 11
x x x x Standard C Plastic Monostrand Cement Grout Extended Cap 10, 12
x Standard F Steel Monostrand Cement Grout Cachetage/Cap 23, 24
x x Standard F Plastic Monostrand Cement Grout Cachetage/Cap 23, 24
x x x Standard C, F no duct Monostrand no injection Cachetage/Cap 13, 24
x x x x x Standard C, F no duct Monostrand no injection Extended Cap 13, 24
x x x Isolated C, F no duct Monostrand no injection Cachetage/Cap 13
Internal
Un-
bonded
x x x x x Isolated C, F no duct Monostrand no injection Extended Cap 13, 16, rare
x x x x Standard C Steel
[2]
Bare Strand Cement Grout Cachetage/Cap 9, rare
x x x x Standard C Steel
[2]
Bare Strand Grease/Wax Cap 15
x x x x x x Standard C Steel
[2]
Bare Strand Grease/Wax Extended Cap 15
x x x x x Standard C Plastic
[2]
Bare Strand Cement Grout Cachetage/Cap 14
x x x x x x x Standard C Plastic
[2]
Bare Strand Cement Grout Extended Cap 14
x x x x x Standard C Plastic
[2]
Bare Strand Grease/Wax Cap 15
x x x x x x x Standard C Plastic
[2]
Bare Strand Grease/Wax Extended Cap 15
x x x x x x Isolated C Plastic
[2]
Bare Strand Grease/Wax Cap 15
x x x x x Standard C Plastic
[2]
Monostrand Cement Grout Cachetage/Cap 12, 14
x x x x x Standard C Plastic
[2]
Monostrand Cement Grout Cachetage/Cap 12, 14
x x x Standard X Plastic
[2]
Monostrand Cement Grout Cap 12, 25, 26
x x x x x x x Standard C Plastic
[2]
Monostrand Cement Grout Extended Cap 12
x x x x x x Isolated C Plastic
[2]
Monostrand Cement Grout Cap 12
External
x x x x x Standard C, F no duct Monostrand no injection Cap 13, 23, 24
Table 3bis. Choice of Kit Elements for Basic and Optional Categories of Use
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.08
12/50
Notes
Standard Anchorage as per typical drawings, Isolated Anchorage: interposition of isolating
liner and seal inside trumplate and at contact to anchor block
Cachetage: see drwg 29, Cap: see drwg 30, Extended Cap: see drwg 31
Duct out of Steel or Plastic: Corrugated or Smooth, unless otherwise marked.
[1]
Corrugated duct only
[2]
Smooth duct only
[3]
References given to drawings are not exhaustive
[4]
e.g. see drwgs 8, 9, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 27, 29
[5]
e.g. see drwgs 8, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 27
B.1.3 Working Life
The provisions made in this ETA are based on an assumed intended working life of the PT
System of 100 years. The indications given on the working life can not be interpreted as a
guarantee given by the producer or the approval body, but are to be regarded only as a means
for choosing the right products in relation to the expected economically reasonable working
life of the structures.
B.2 CHARACTERISTICS OF PRODUCTS AND VERIFICATION METHODS
B.2.1 Characteristics of Products
Chapters E to K of this ETA, including drawings attached to it, detail the characteristics of
products.
B.2.2 Verification Methods
The assessment of the aptitude of the kit for its intended use, in relation to the requirements
for mechanical resistance and stability in the sense of the Essential Requirement 1 has been
made in compliance with the Guideline for European Technical Approval (ETAG 013) of
Post-Tensioning Kits for Prestressing of Structures. Performances examined in conformity
to the ETAG 013 satisfy the pertinent essential requirements. These are mainly performances
related to static load, transfer on concrete and resistance to fatigue. Methods for check,
evaluation and assessment of aptitude for use and test procedures according to those detailled
in ETAG 013.
Assessment of experience gathered and specific tests were realised in conformity to
ETAG 013 for optional use categories listed in paragraph B.1.2.
B.2.3 Emission of Dangerous Substances
According to the manufacturer declaration the post-tensioning kit does not contain any
dangerous substances.
FREYSSINET PRESTRESSING SYSTEM EUROPEAN TECHNICAL APPROVAL
English translation 2006.12.08
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In addition to the specific clauses relating to dangerous substances contained in the ETA,
there may be other requirements, applicable to the products falling within its scope (e.g.
transposed European legislation and national laws, regulations and administrative provisions).
In conformity with the provisions of the European directive 89/106/EEC, these requirements
must also be complied with wherever they apply.
B.3 EVALUATION AND ATTESTATION OF CONFORMITY AND CE MARKING
B.3.1 Attestation of Conformity System
According to the decision 98/456/EC of the European Commission
6
the system 1+ of
attestation of conformity applies and is defined as follows :
Tasks of the Manufacturer
1. Factory production control,
2. further testing of samples taken at the factory by the manufacturer in accordance with a
prescribed test plan.
Tasks of the Approved Body (Certification Body)
3. Initial type testing of the product,
4. initial inspection of factory and of factory production control,
5. continuous surveillance, assessment and approval of factory production control,
6. audit testing of samples (see ETAG013, section 8.1 (b)).
Note: Approved bodies are also referred to as notified bodies.
B.3.2 Responsabilities
B.3.2.1 Tasks of the Manufacturer
The manufacturer of the kit has the full responsability of the production and quality of
components whether produced by himself or by sub-manufacturers.
The type and frequency of checks and tests conducted during production and on the final
product as part of the continuous internal production control are described in the prescribed
test plan, Chapter C of this ETA.
All the tests are conducted according to written procedures, by means of adequate calibrated
measuring devices. Results are recorded logically and systematically.
If test results do not comply, the produced lot is inspected in detail. It may be rejected,
completely or partially. Defectuous parts may be retreated in order to eliminate defects and
checks and tests are then repeated.
Products non complying with the ETA are marked and separated from complying products.

6
Official Journal of the European communities L201/112 of 3 July 1998
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Each main component has a prescribed inspection plan, established by Freyssinet and applied
by its manufacturers. Production control methods are defined in the Freyssinet Quality
Assurance Plan PAQ ATE PRE.
B.3.2.2 Tasks of the Certification Body
Methods of surveillance for production control are defined in the Quality Assurance Plan
established and updated by Freyssinet, in conformity with paragraph 8.2.2 of ETAG.
The main production centre is checked at least once a year by the Certification Body. Each
component producer is checked at least once every five years by the Certification Body.
The Certification Body checks inspection results, control tests as well as results of production
control results and establishes the conformity to the ETA.
Corrective measures are taken by the Manufacturer when defects have been met. These
measures are:
corrective intervention, following the notification of the Certification Body,
control strengthening and higher test frequence,
setting-up of modifications.
During continuous surveillance auditing, the Certification Body takes samples to test in
independent laboratories. Samples are taken according to the requirements of the table
attached in the chapter D of this ETA.
During the certificate validity the ETA holder supplies once a year to the Certification Body
anchorages and strands necessary for a test series according to Annex E of ETAG 013 and
sends them to the laboratory designated by the Certification Body. These well-identified parts
and reinforcement are from the same construction site. If possible construction sites are
chosen in such a way that the tensile steel manufacturer will be different from year to year.
B.3.2.3 CE Marking
The CE marking must comply with the European Council Directive 89/106/CEE, and to the
EC guideline "D" related to the marking. The delivery bill accompagnying the PT kit
components shall bear the conformity CE marking symbol and the following mentions:
1. Name and address of kit manufacturer,
2. Last two digits of the year during which the marking has been made,
3. Number of conformity certificate,
4. Number of ETA,
5. See information on ETA,
6. Number of Certification body,
7. Product Identification (commercial denomination) and use category(ies).
All other information must be clearly distinct from the CE marking and the related mentions.
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B.4 ASSUMPTIONS UNDER WHICH THE FITNESS OF THE PRODUCTS FOR THE
INTENDED USE WAS ASSESSED
The ETA is issued under the following assumptions:
B.4.1 Manufacture of Product
The ETA is issued for the Freyssinet post-tensioning kit on basis of information and
documents submitted by Freyssinet to Stra, with identification of product tested and
assessed. Any modification of characteristics of product or factory production process which
might modify the conformity of the kit shall be notified to the Stra prior to its application.
The Stra will decide if this modification affects the ETA and if a more detailled assessment
or amendment of ETA are required.
A Quality Assurance Plan related to the prestressing kit ETA is established and regularly
updated by Freyssinet ; it is made available to the Stra. A list of sub-contractors and
component suppliers is part of this Quality Assurance Plan.
Freyssinet is committed to impose the requirements of the present ETA and ETAG 013 upon
the producer of his prestressing kit, as well as upon his subcontractors and suppliers.
B.4.2 Installation Design and Execution
B.4.2.1 Design of Structures
The Freyssinet prestressing kit is fit for use in structures designed properly.
The designer of the structure is assumed to respect specifications set by applicable standards,
e.g. Eurocodes or equivalent applicable national standards, and to adapt his design in
accordance with the construction methods foreseen and the instructions of the ETA holder.
The arrangement of anchorages shall respect the specifications of chapter J as to edge and axis
distances and bursting steel.
B.4.2.2 Stressing equipment
Stressing jacks shall be calibrated in conformity with Freyssinet procedures, national
regulations of Member States and the provisions of ETAG 013 7.3.
B.4.3 Components not detailed in the ETA
Following components, not detailed in the present ETA, conform European standards or
equivalent applicable national standards or regulations:
Prestressing steel : prEN 10138
Monostrands : ETAG 013 Annex C1, XP A 35 037
Steel corrugated sheaths : EN 523
Steel pipes: prEN 10255, ISO 4200, EN 10216-1, EN 10217-1
Smooth plastic pipes: prEN 12201
Cement grout: EN 445, EN 447
Bursting steel: prEN 10080, EN 10025
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B.5 INDICATIONS TO THE MANUFACTURER
B.5.1 Packaging, transport and storage
It is recommended to apply a temporary protection to prestressing steels and steel components
of the kit to prevent corrosion during transport from production factory to the site.
Transport and handling of prestressing steel and steel components of the kit shall be done in
such a manner as to avoid any mechanical, chemical or physical damage.
Prestressing steels and steel components shall be stored free from humidity. Plastic
components and ducts shall be protected from UV radiation.
Prestressing steels and steel components shall be protected or kept away from welding areas.
B.5.2 Recommendations for safety
The specialist company shall establish a Unique Document in conformity with the Guidance
Directive 89/391/CEE dated 1989.06.12, identifying and analysing recurring risks bound to
installation of prestressing. The technician in charge of the prestressing works shall modify
this Unique Document to account for the particular and not recurring risks of his working site.
During stressing, standing behind or immediatly close to a jack is strictly forbidden, as well as
behind a passive anchorage while stressing at the other end. Wherever necessary, safety rails
shall be installed and passing zones for personnel shall be kept free.
B.5.3 Use, maintenance and repair
Durability of prestressed structures requires an adequate periodic inspection. Since any
disorder in the structure may result in damage of PT tendons, a specialist company should
repair as soon as possible according to adequate procedures.
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C PRESCRIBED TEST PLAN
The following table summarises the test procedures necessary to ensure that all kit
components meet the ETA specifications. Stra has adapted Table E.1 of ETAG 013
according to the importance of the components for the performance of the Freyssinet PT-
system.
1 2 3 4 5 6
Component
Item Test/
Check
Traceability
4
Minimum
frequency
Documen
tation
Bearing plate material
7
check bulk
6
100 % "2.2"
1, 6
detailed
dimensions
5
test 3 %
2 specimen
yes
visual inspection
3
check 100 % no
Trumplate material
7
check full 100 % "3.1"
2
detailed
dimensions
5
test 3 %
2 specimen
yes
visual inspection
3
check 100 % no
Anchor head/block material
7
check full 100 % "3.1"
2
detailed
dimensions
5
test 5 %
2 specimen
yes
visual inspection
3
check 100 % no
Cast iron anchor parts material
7
check full 100 % "3.1"
2
for anchorages and
couplers
detailed
dimensions
5
test 5 %
2 specimen
yes
visual inspection
3
check 100 % no
Wedge material
7
check full 100 % "3.1"
2
treatment, hardness test 0,5 %
2 specimen
yes
detailed
dimensions
5
test 5 %
2 specimen
yes
visual inspection
3
check 100 % no
Swage material
7
check full 100 % "3.1"
2
detailed
dimensions
5
test 5 %
2 specimen
yes
visual inspection
3
check 100 % no
continued next page
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1 2 3 4 5 6
Component
Item Test/
Check
Traceability
4
Minimum
frequency
Documen
tation
Duct material
7
check CE
2
100 % yes
visual inspection
3
check 100 % no
Tensile element material
6
check full 100 % yes
diameter test each coil no
visual inspection
3
check each coil no
Constituents of filling cement
7
check full 100 % yes
material as per EN 447 admixtures,
additions,
7
check bulk 100 % yes
Monostrand, Annex C.1 material
6
check full 100 % "3.1"
2
Plastic pipe, Annex C.2 material
7
check full 100 % "3.1"
2
Plastic duct, Annex C.3 material
7
check full 100 % "3.1"
2
Special grout, Annex C.4.3 material
7
check full 100 % "3.1"
2
Liaseal

coupler material
7
check full 100 % "2.2"
1
detailed
dimensions
5
test 3 %
2 specimen
yes
visual inspection
3
check 100 % no
1 "2.2" : Test report type "2.2" according to EN 10204
2 "3.1" : Inspection certificate type "3.1" according to EN 10204
3 Visual inspections means e.g.: main dimensions, gauge testing, correct marking or labelling, appropriate
performance, surface, fins, kinks, smoothness, corrosion, coating, etc., as given in the prescribed test plan
4 full : full traceability of each component to its raw material.
bulk : traceability of each delivery of components to a defined point.
5 detailed dimensions mean measuring of all dimensions and angles according to the specification as given in
the prescribed test plan
6 conformity to applicable national provisions in absence of relevant EN.
7 material checks are included for information only as these are not part of the prescribed test plan.
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D BASIC ELEMENTS OF AUDIT TESTING
Component Item Test/Check
Sampling No. of
components per visit
Trumplate Material according to
specification
Test / Check 1
for anchorages C Detailed dimensions Test
Main dimensions
1
Check
Machined anchor block Material according to
specification
Test / Check 1
Detailed dimensions Test
Main dimensions
1
Check
Cast iron anchor parts Material according to
specification
Test / Check 1
for anchorages F, X, Detailed dimensions Test
or strand connector P Main dimensions
1
Check
Wedge, swage Material according to
specification
Test / Check 3
Heat treatment
(if applicable)
Test 2
Detailed dimensions Check 1
Main dimensions
Surface hardness
Test 5
Visual Inspection
1
Check 5
Single tensile element
test
Single tensile element test
according to Annex E.3
Test 1 series
All samples taken at random and clearly identified.
1
visual inspection relates to main dimensions, calibration tests, correctness of marking or tag,
adequate performing, surface aspect, absence of burrs or faults, absence of cavities, corrosion,
coating, etc.
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E PRESTRESSING UNITS AND USE CATEGORIES
E.1 UNITS CODING
Prestressing anchorages are coded as follows: TY n M d PR where:
the first letters TY indicate the anchorage type (function):
A: active* internal-prestressing anchorage (*stressing anchorage)
AD: active* replaceable external-prestressing anchorage (*stressing anchorage)
NB: embedded anchorage with trumplate
CI: coupler with individual connectors P
CM: movable coupler with individual connectors P
letter n indicates the number of strands in a tensile element;
letters M indicate the model of the stressing anchorage (component):
C: structural prestressing
F: slab prestressing (one-piece anchorage)
X: hoop anchorage
number d indicates the strand diameter category:
13: T13 and T13S strands
15: T15 and T15S strands
letters PR indicate the level of anticorrosion protection:
PE: with plastic sheath (generally polyethylene)
GI: with sliding individually greased/waxed and sheathed strand (monostrand)
EI: with electrical isolation
W: with flexible corrosion-inhibiting product injected (generally wax).
E.2 USE CATEGORIES
E.2.1 Bonded Internal Prestressing for Concrete Structures
Internal prestressing units bonded to the concrete consist of bare strands in a thin-wall
corrugated duct made of steel (see G.2.1), plastic (see G.2.2) or smooth steel pipes (see G.2.3)
and injected with a cement grout in accordance with EN 447 or Annex C4 of ETAG013.
E.2.2 Unbonded Internal Prestressing for Concrete Structures
Unbonded internal prestressing tendons consist of one of the following types:
W units: tensile elements housed in a steel or plastic duct injected with a soft filling
material,
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GI units: tensile elements made of monostrands. Outside the anchorage zones,
monostrands are either placed in a round or flat duct injected with cement grout prior to
tensioning or installed directly in the structure, in accordance with design requirements.
Unbonded internal prestressing tendons allow re-stressing and the steel part of tensile
elements is replaceable.
A n C 15 W anchorages can be used to make electrically isolated prestressing tendons if the
measures described in paragraph E.2.4 have been taken.
E.2.3 External Prestressing for Concrete Structures
Other than in exceptional circumstances, external prestressing tendons are replaceable and re-
stressable, and are one of the following types:
Standard type: with double tube where the tendon passes through the concrete of the
structure, to ensure the independence of the tensile element and its duct from the
structure and to enable extraction. The duct is injected with cement grout.
Type W: with a duct injected with a flexible corrosion-inhibiting product enabling the
tensile element to be extracted.
Type GI: with monostrands housed in a general duct injected or not with cement grout
before tensioning.
AD n C 15 anchorages can be used to make electrically isolated prestressing tendons if the
measures described in paragraph E.2.4 have been taken.
E.2.3.1 Standard Tendons
Tensile elements are housed in a continuous HDPE plain tube. At anchorages the trumplates
are fitted with a plastic trumpet welded to the tube. A watertight gasket between the two parts
allows dismantling.
Where tendons pass through concrete a double casing is realised by means of a second tube
used as a concrete formwork which ensures the independence of the HDPE tube from the
concrete.
The corresponding anchorages are coded AD n C 15.
E.2.3.2 GI Tendons
Tensile elements consist of monostrands grouped together in a plastic duct, injected or not
with cement grout prior to tensioning. The anchorage head is protected by a permanent cap
filled either with a soft corrosion protection material fully compatible with that of
monostrands or injected with cement grout.
The corresponding anchorages are coded AD n C 15 GI.
E.2.3.3 W Tendons
Tensile elements are housed in a continuous HDPE plain tube. At the anchorages, the
trumplates are fitted with a plastic trumpet welded to the tube. A watertight gasket between
the two parts allows dismantling. Double tubing is not necessary to ensure dismantling.
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After tensioning, the tendon is injected with a soft corrosion protection material, such as a
microcristaline petroleum wax. The anchorage head is protected by a permanent cap which
allows the injection of the tendon.
The corresponding anchorages are coded AD n C 15 W.
E.2.3.4 Non-Replaceable External Prestressing Tendons
In this exceptional case, external prestressing tendons consist of anchorages identical to those
used for bonded internal prestressing tendons. Thin-wall corrugated ducts are prohibited in all
exposed sections of tendon. Steel tubes may be used for sections embedded in concrete.
The corresponding anchorages are coded A n C 15.
E.2.4 Common Application Options
Model C internal prestressing anchorages can be used to make prestressing tendons for
cryogenic applications.
Freyssinet prestressing anchorages can be used to make prestressing tendons with a watertight
casing when used with a watertight plastic duct, a permanent cap to cover the anchorage head
and watertight connections between each section of the casing.
Model C anchorages can be used to make electrically isolated prestressing tendons. These
tendons consist then of strands housed in an electrically isolating plastic casing comprising in
particular:
a plastic trumpet fitted inside the trumplate,
a bearing plate made out of an electrically isolating composite material placed under
the anchor block,
a plastic cap.
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Applications Types Models
Corrosion
Protection
with steel duct -
with plastic duct
A
NB - C
CI
C - F
C
C - F
PE
Bonded
Internal
Prestressing
electrically isolated with
plastic duct
A - CI - CM C EI
with monostrands
A
NB
C - F - X
C - F GI
injection with soft
protection material
A C W
Unbonded
Internal
Prestressing
injection with soft
protection material
and electrical isolation
A C WEI
injection with cement
grout
C
-
with monostrands
C - X GI
injection with soft
protection material
C W
External
Prestressing
electrically isolated
AD
C EI
Table 4. Concrete Structures Use Categories
E.2.5 External Prestressing for Steel Structures and Composite Structures
Model C anchorages are used in the case of steel structures, without the standard load-
spreading component (trumplate) which is replaced by a bearing plate of a size in accordance
with the strength of the steel of the structure (see EN 1993 and EN 1994).
E.2.6 Prestressing for Masonry Structures
Model C anchorages are used in the case of masonry structures, without the standard load-
spreading component (trumplate) which is replaced by a bearing plate of a size in accordance
with the strength of the masonry of the structure (see EN 1996).
E.2.7 Prestressing for Timber Structures
Model C anchorages are used in the case of timber structures, without the standard load-
spreading component (trumplate) which is replaced by a bearing plate of a size in accordance
with the strength of the timber of the structure (see EN 1995).
1 F anchorages can be used for timber structures if adequately embedded by means of epoxy
resin.
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E.3 PARTICULARITIES OF THE KIT
E.3.1 Possibility of individual tensioning strand by strand
In the case of stressing anchorages for units comprising monostrands, the strands may be
tensioned either collectively with a multistrand jack, or individually with a monostrand jack,
proceeding in several loading stages, if cement grouted before tensioning.
E.3.2 Measurement of friction coefficient and load transfer percentage from stressing
end to the other
This operation is possible whenever tensioning from both ends is possible.
E.3.3 Adjustment of prestressing load
In the case of prestressing tendons with monostrands (type GI) or injected with a flexible
filling product (type W), it is possible to adjust the prestressing load at any time during
service life if tendon overlengths have been maintained. The overlengths are protected by an
adequately long protection cap.
E.3.4 Possibility of monitoring prestressing load
When an A n C15(or C13) or AD n C15(or C13) anchorage uses a threaded block, the load
in the tensile element can be monitored with a special ring jack installed between the anchor
block threaded ring and the anchorage trumplate.
E.3.5 Possibility of detensioning
A non-grouted tendon can be detensioned with a monostrand jack and a detensioning stool if
the strand overlengths have not been cut off.
If the strands have been cut off, the tendon can only be detensioned by heating the wedges
with a blow torch, one by one. Special precautions must be taken at the other end to contain
any strand expulsion within special protective systems.
E.3.6 Possibility of re-threading a new tendon after detensioning
Once detensioning has been performed as described in paragraph E.3.5, and on condition that
both ends can be easily accessed, a tendon can be replaced without demolishing.
In the case of tendons with type CI couplers, this operation is possible only for the primary
part of the tendon, before concreting of the secondary part.
When the prestressing tendon consists of monostrands, each strand can be replaced by a
strand of the same sectional area if the alignment of the tensile element is straight or slightly
deviated, and by a strand of smaller sectional area in other cases. When a new strand is
threaded in, a protective product of the same quality as that of the strand replaced must be
introduced into the individual sheath left in place.
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E.3.7 Prestressing tendon allowing for load monitoring, retensioning, and replacement
without damage to the duct
An unbonded prestressing tendon is fitted with a model C anchorage with standard wedges
extended by a clamping length mounted on a common retaining plate (drawing 1). The entire
tendon is retensioned after pulling on the overlength and inserting a special bearing ring
adapted to the jack. Detensioning is made possible by the wedge-retaining plate which
prevents wedge assemblies being pulled back into the anchorage when the tendon is
detensioned. Strand overlengths are retained (jack gripping length plus any elongation) and
are protected by a special long cap injected with flexible filling material (drawing 33).
E.3.8 Temporary or permanent caps
Caps can be fitted to anchorage types A, AD and NB.
E.3.9 Equitension
In the case of a prestressing unit with model C anchorages, when it is to be ensured that the
initial length of each strand is the same prior to tensioning, a pre-tensioning operation can be
carried out with the equitension jack. It has as many tensioning chambers as there are strands
to be tensioned, and takes up any slack in the strands individually.
E.4 FORCES OF PRESTRESSING TENDONS
Maximum forces beneath the anchorage during tensioning, F
0
, must be taken from standards
or regulations in place of use. Values shown in the following table, comply French regulations
which are identical to the values recommended by Eurocode2.
The number of strands in a tendon may be decreased either by reducing the number of drilled
holes in the anchor block (special order to factory) or by leaving out strands in the anchorages
or couplers. In both cases the strands are placed in the best possible symmetrical manner. The
provisions for tendons with completely filled anchorages and couplers also apply to partially
filled ones.
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Tensile Strength
(N/mm)
1770 1770 1860 1860 1860 1860
Diametre (mm) 15,3 15,7 12,5 12,9 15,3 15,7
1 196 211 137 148 206 221
2 392 421 274 295 412 443
3 589 632 410 443 618 664
4 785 842 547 590 824 886
5 981 1053 684 738 1031 1107
6 1177 1264 821 886 1237 1328
7 1373 1474 958 1033 1443 1550
9 1766 1895 1231 1328 1855 1993
12 2354 2527 1642 1771 2473 2657
13 2551 2738 1778 1919 2679 2878
19 3728 4001 2599 2804 3916 4207
22 4316 4633 3010 3247 4534 4871
25 4905 5265 3420 3690 5153 5535
27 5297 5686 3694 3985 5565 5978
31 6082 6529 4241 4576 6389 6863
37 7259 7792 5062 5461 7626 8192
N
u
m
b
e
r

o
f

S
t
r
a
n
d
s
55 10791 11583 7524 8118 11336 12177
Table 5. Maximum Force with Stressing Limit F
o
= min{0,8 F
pk
,0,9 F
p0,1%
} acc. Eurocode 2 and
prEN 10138-3:2006 (only informative)
F ANCHORAGES
Freyssinet active anchorages are based on the wedge principle and use the Freyssinet C-
wedge. Each wedge is anchored in a conical hole of the anchor head, which is either a steel
block for anchorage models C, or a cast iron part for strand couplers and for anchorage
models F and X. Depending on situations, the anchorage block seats on a cast iron load
spreading part, called trumplate, or on a steel plate for structures other than concrete ones, the
dimensions of which depend of the strength of the structure.
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F.1 DESCRIPTION OF ANCHORAGE COMPONENTS
Main dimensions are given on the drawings in Annex K.
F.1.1 Anchorage Wedge
The Freyssinet anchor wedge is a conical one-use wedge, consisting of three matching
wedges held together by a circlip. Two models of wedges are available:
- the C13 wedge used with T13 and T13S strands,
- the C15 wedge used with T15 and T15S strands.
Its internal diametre is adapted to the strand diameter class: either T15/T15S (C15 wedge), or
T13/T13S (C13 wedge).
Anchorage wedges are precision machined from hot-rolled or cold-drawn rods of cement steel
defined by reference to standard EN 10084 and are case hardened. The steel grade is
16MnCr5.
F.1.2 Anchorage Swage
Internal fixed anchorages are made with anchor swages made by swaging a tubular section
enclosing a spiral spring onto each strand using a special Freyssinet jack. There are two
standard versions and a compact version:
- T13D swage is used with T13 and T13S strands
- T15D swage is used with T15 and T15S strands
- T15DC compact swage is used with T15 and T15S strands.
Swages are turned from hot-rolled bars of tempered and quenched structural alloy steel
defined in reference to standard EN 10083-1. The used grades are 34CrMo4 and 36CrNiMo4.
F.1.3 Steel Anchor Blocks
F.1.3.1 Model C Anchor Blocks
Model C anchorage heads are circular steel blocks with conical holes cut out of hot-rolled
bars. These anchorage blocks have a strength class determined by the nominal ultimate tensile
strength 650 MPa.
It is made from a non-alloy quenched and tempered structural steel, defined by reference to
standard EN 10083-1 (C45).
Note 1: electrically isolated anchorages may be made with blocks of larger dimensions than
the standard blocks in order to reduce compressive stress on the electrical isolation plate .
Note 2: blocks for type NB embedded anchorages are made with cylindrical holes.
Note 3: when an external thread is necessary for monitoring prestressing load, the anchor
block shall have a larger diameter in order to cut the thread outside the original anchor block
size.
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F.1.4 Castings for Anchorages
F.1.4.1 Model F and X Anchorages
The bodies of model F and X anchorages are made of spheroidal graphite cast iron defined by
reference to standard EN 1563. The grade is EN-GJS-500-7.
F.1.4.2 Individual strand connectors type P
The body of the type P strand connector is made of bainitic spheroidal graphite cast iron
defined by reference to standard EN 1564. The grade is EN-GJS-1000-5.
F.1.4.3 Load Spreading Parts or Trumplates
The trumplates of type NB n C15 (or C13), CI n C15 (or C13) and C n C15 (or C13)
anchorages are identical to those of type A n C15 anchorages. Trumplates of type
AD n C15 (or C13) differ from those of type A n C15 (or C13) anchorages only in their
internal shape which allows for placement of a plastic trumpet and a seal.
Trumplates are castings of:
- grey cast iron defined in reference to standard EN 1561, for C Models up to size 13C15;
the grade is EN-GJL-250; or
- spheroidal graphite cast iron defined in reference to standard EN 1563 above size 13C15;
grade is EN-GJS-500-7.
F.1.4.4 Model C Anchorage Caps
Anchorage caps are generally castings of:
- grey cast iron defined in reference to standard EN 1561; the most commonly used grade is
EN-GJL-250; or
- spheroidal graphite cast iron defined in reference to standard EN 1563; the most
commonly used grade is EN-GJS-400-15.
F.1.5 Conditioning and Temporary Corrosion Protection
Except for anchorage wedges, all uncoated components are packaged in sealed containers, are
rust-free and slightly oiled.
Anchorage wedges are packaged in white buckets. They are suitably protected against
oxidation. The buckets containing type C15 wedges are colour-coded differently to those of
type C13 wedges.
Optionally, the following reinforced corrosion protection is available:
- the anchor blocks of model C anchorages may be corrosion protected by bichromate and
zinc treatment in accordance with standard EN 12329, except for the wedge housings;
- the cast-iron anchorage components of model F and X anchorages and the trumplates of
model C anchorages may be zinc coated to a thickness of at least 70 m by the hot-dip
process in accordance with standard EN ISO 1461, except for the wedge housings;
- the cast-iron anchorage component of the model X anchorage may be coated with
polyamide, except for the wedge housings.
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F.1.6 Characteristics of Plastic Parts
F.1.6.1 Plastic Trumpets
Type AD n C15 (or C13) external-prestressing anchorages are fitted with polyethylene (PE)
trumplates.
F.1.6.2 Electrical Isolation Plates
Electrically isolated anchorages are fitted with an electrical isolation plate between the
anchorage block and the trumplate. The plate is generally a glass-reinforced thermosetting
resin.
F.1.6.3 Plastic Caps
Plastics caps are made from polyolefin.
F.2 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE OF ANCHORAGES
Regulations valid at place of use shall be considered.
Bursting steel is fixed to general reinforcing bars at locations given in this ETA.
Tightness at connection between anchorage and duct if realised either by adhesive tape or
heat-shrink sleeves. For F anchorage models used with monostrands the sealing between
anchorage and monostrands is realised by means of a mastic plug.
F.2.1 Stressing Anchorages
Size of anchorage reservation and clearance for placing the stressing jack should be checked
at the design stage (see drawings 34 to 44).
F.2.2 Model X Anchorages
Loop tendons are stressed simultaneously at both ends by means of single-strand jacks (see
drawings 45 and 46).
F.2.3 Anchorages for External Prestressing
Exchangeable external prestressing tendons injected with cement grout are realised by means
of a double duct at deviation or anchoring points :
A minimum gap of 10mm between the two ducts is required.
External shuttering tube, generally out of steel,
Tendon duct, continuous between anchorages (see drawing 14)

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F.2.4 Embedded Fixed Anchorages Model NB
Model NB n C 15 anchorages consist of an anchor block with cylindrical holes and swages.
Type T13D swage is used for T13 and T13S strands, and type T15DC for T15 and T15S
strands.
Swages are realised before concreting and maintained in position with a locking template.
F.2.5 Fixed Couplers
The prestressing force of the secondary tendon at the coupler shall not exceed that of the
primary cable.
F.2.5.1 Multi-Strand Couplers Model CI with Type P Strand connectors
The secondary cable is connected to the primary cable by means of type P strand connectors.
The complete assembly is covered with an overall cap :
at one end the cap is fixed to the primary trumplate. A flexible seal provides
watertightness during concreting and grouting and eliminates possible effort transfer through
the cap during tensioning of the coupled secondary tendon.
at the other end the cap is formed as a trumpet to allow its connection to the second phase
cable duct.
F.2.6 Movable Couplers Model CM with Type P Strand connectors
Each strand of the primary cable is connected to the corresponding srand of the secondary
cable by means of a type P strand connector. The complet assembly is covered with a cap
ensuring the same functions as the one for fixed couplers. This cap must allow for the
elongation of first phase cable and the resulting displacement of strand connectors. In
practice, the cap length is therefore adapted to each case.
F.2.7 Case of Monostrands
When directly embedded in the concrete structure, without overall duct, monostrands are
fixed on supports arranged within the general steel reinforcement. In case of large cable units
exceeding 6 monostrands, monostrands should be arranged in groups of 3, the distance
between each of them being sufficient to allow a correct concreting (see drawing 13).
When monostrands are placed in a general duct (see drawings 10 to 12), the duct is injected
with cement grout and tensioning is done after the grout has reached a strength of 10 MPa.
When multi-strand anchorages are used, the precise arrangement of strands in the anchor zone
during concreting or injection of duct is secured by the use of a temporary stuffing box
(drawing 32). After removal of the stuffing box, ends of strands are freed from their sheath to
receive the anchor block, to be stressed and injected by grease under pressure.
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F.2.8 Electrically Isolated Tendons
The envelope of electrically isolated tendons consists of plastic ducts with thermo-shrink PE
connections. In particular multi-strand fixed couplers type CI n C 15 EI and movable
couplers type CM n C 15 EI are isolated in a PE or PP cap. An isolating plate is inserted
between the trumplate and the anchor block before stressing.
G TENSILE ELEMENTS AND DUCTS
G.1 TENSILE ELEMENTS
In absence of European standards on prestressing steel, strands complying with national
provisions and with characteristics given in G.1.1 and table 6 shall be used.
G.1.1 Standard Designation of Strands
Tensile elements consist of:
Either strands with nominal diametre 12,5 mm or 12,9 mm, tensile strength 1770 MPa
or 1860 MPa, designated respectively Y1770 (or Y1860) S7 12,5 (or 12,9) in the
European standard prEN 10138-3, and hereafter named T13 or T13S or more simply
T13,
or strands with nominal diametre 15,3 mm or 15,7 mm, tensile strength 1770 MPa or
1860 MPa, designated respectively Y1770 (or Y1860) S7 15,3 (or 15,7) in the
European standard prEN 10138-3, and hereafter named T15 or T15S or more simply
T15.
These strands may also be ordered according to national standards applicable in the country
concerned, e.g in France to XPA 35-045-3 standard for bare strands.
Monostrands are covered in France by the XP A 35-037 standard, and designated by S 12,5
(or 12,9 or 15,3 or 15,7) 1770 (or 1820 or 1860) A + (Z or ZA) + G + P. The G attribute
means protection with grease and P means sliding, i.e. the strand is free to slide in its
individual sheath, even embedded in concrete, allowing for its stressing without any bond to
the concrete of the structure.
G.1.2 Maximum Force in Strand
The maximum stressing force F
0
at anchorage indicated in the following table for a single
strand has been calculated in accordance with Eurocode 2. It must be adapted to the
applicable national regulations.
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T
m
D S F
pk
M F
p0.1%
F
o
T
o
MPa mm mm kN kg/m kN kN N/mm
1770 12.5 93 165 0.726 145 130.5 1416
1770 12.9 100 177 0.781 156 140.4 1416
1770 15.3 140 248 1.093 218 196.2 1416
1770 15.7 150 266 1.172 234 210.6 1416
1860 12.5 93 173 0.726 152 136.8 1488
1860 12.9 100 186 0.781 164 147.6 1488
1860 15.3 140 260 1.093 229 206.1 1488
1860 15.7 150 279 1.172 246 221.4 1488
D Nominal diametre
F
pk
Characteristic value of maximum load (equal to f
pk
.A
p
in Eurocode 2 or F
m
in prEN)
F
p0.1%
characteristic value of load at 0,1% elasticity limit
F
o
Indicative maximum force at stressing anchorage: F
o
= Min { 0,8 F
pk
; 0,9 F
p0.1%
}
m Nominal mass per metre
S Nominal area
T
o
Tensile stress under F
o
T
m
Tensile stress at break
Table 6. Maximum Force at Stressing Anchorage for a Single Strand acc. to Eurocode 2 and
prEN 10138-3:2006 (only informative)
G.2 DUCTS
The Freyssinet prestressing kit for post-tensioning may be used with different types of duct
depending the project and the use categories of tendons.
The typical internal diametre of ducts is defined on the drawings in Annex K for each
anchorage model, which may be increased if required by the project specifications or the
national regulations. In the case of prefabricated cables threaded in one operation, the duct
internal diametre may be increased in sections with large deviation curvature to facilitate
threading.
G.2.1 Steel Strip Sheaths
Steel strip sheaths are either circular or oval, generally corrugated to ensure a mechanical
bond with the concrete. The overall external dimensions of steel strip sheaths are about 6 mm
larger than the internal dimensions because of corrugation. This must be taken into account in
the design.
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G.2.1.1 Circular Steel Strip Sheaths
Sheaths are purchased according to prEN 523 standard. There are two categories of sheath:
normal or reelable category 1 sheath and rigid category 2 sheath. Rigid sheath reduces
the wobble effect and is stronger, but is less easy to shape (curve) by hand.
Diametre
(mm)
25-35 35-45 45-55 55-65 65-75 75-85 85-
100
100-
130
130-
160
Category
1
0,25 0,25 0,30 0,30 0,35 0,35 0,40 0,40 0,40
min.
thickness
of sheath
(mm)
Category
2
0,40 0,45 0,45 0,50 0,50 0,60 0,60 0,60
Table 7. Thickness of Steel Strip Sheaths
Sheath sections are connected together with helical sleeves screwed onto the ends of the
sheaths. The watertightness at connections is obtained by adhesive tape or heat-shrink sleeves.
G.2.1.2 Oval Steel Strip Sheaths
Model F tendons are generally used together with oval or so-called flat sheaths. These are
oblong sheaths with a stiffening corrugation. Lengths of duct are connected by use of sleeves
of the same shape. The watertightness at connections is obtained by adhesive tape or heat-
shrink sleeves.
G.2.1.3 Option: Galvanisation
On request and if allowed by the applicable national regulations, the sheaths may be hot-dip
galvanised or zinc-plated.
G.2.1.4 Option: Factory-applied LFC Lubrication (Low Friction Coefficient)
On request, crimped sheaths may be made out of soap-lined phosphated steel strip in order to
reduce the friction coefficient between strands and duct during tensioning.
G.2.2 Corrugated Plastic Ducts
Plastics ducts may be of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polypropylene (PP). They
conform Appendix C.3 of ETAG 013 and meet the requirements of fib technical bulletin
Corrugated plastic ducts for internal bonded post-tensioning.
The ducts may be circular or flat, but are always corrugated to ensure a bond with the
concrete. The overall outer dimensions of a corrugated plastic duct are about 13 mm larger
than its internal dimensions because of corrugation. This must be taken into account in the
design.
Plastics ducts are sensitive to wear induced by movement of the strands in the duct during
tensioning. Duct thickness is selected in accordance with the severity of the tendon alignment
(total length and radii of curvature).
Special precautions must be taken if the temperature of the surrounding concrete is likely to
exceed 60C during setting or if the external pressure is likely to exceed 0,5 bar.
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G.2.2.1 Plyduct

The Plyduct

sheath is circular, made out of a polyethylene or polypropylene strip. It is


2,5 mm thick for duct diameters up to 95 mm and 3,0 mm thick for larger diameters. Sheath
sections are connected by a sleeve of the same design as the basic sheath screwed onto the
sections to be joined together. Watertightness at connections is obtained by heat-shrink
sleeves coated on the inside with a hot-melt resin which are shrunk onto the sheath with a hot-
air blower. The dimensions of the heat-shrink sleeves are chosen so as to have a residual
thickness of at least 1,5 mm after shrinking.
G.2.2.2 Flat Ducts
Model F tendons can be used with flat plastic sheaths of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or
polypropylene (PP). Duct sections are connected by a sleeve of the same design as the basic
sheath placed onto the sections to be joined together. Watertightness at connections is
obtained by heat-shrink sleeves coated on the inside with a hot-melt resin which are shrunk
onto the sheath with a hot-air blower. The dimensions of the heat-shrink sleeves are chosen so
as to have a residual thickness of at least 1,5 mm after shrinking.
G.2.3 Smooth Steel Pipes
The steel pipes used as prestressing ducts are generally chosen in compliance with one of the
following standards: EN 10305-3 (welded cold-sized tubes), EN 10216-1 (seamless tubes),
EN 10217-1 (welded steel tubes) or prEN 10219 (fine-grain steel pipe).
Pipes can be zinc-coated by hot-dip galvanising in accordance with standard EN ISO 1461, if
allowed by the applicable national regulations.
G.2.4 Smooth Plastic Pipes
G.2.4.1 Pipes for External Prestressing
Pipes for external prestressing are made of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and purchased
in reference to standards EN 12201-1 and 2, without consideration of properties affecting
water quality.
The polyethylene used is PE80 or PE100. Nominal pressure class (table 2 of standard
EN 12201-2) is chosen as follows:
Class PN4.0 at least, for injection prior to tensioning of monostrands,
Class PN6.3 at least, for injection at ambient temperature,
Class PN10 at least, for injection at temperatures exceeding 60C (wax injection).
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For guidance, pipes may be chosen from the following table:
EN 12201-2 PE 80 PE 100
Series Low pressure Pressure Pressure
PN** 6.3 10 10
SDR 21 13.6 17
Nominal external
diameter
Thickness Thickness Thickness
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
50 3.7* 3.7
63 4.7* 4.7
75 5.5* 5.5
90 6.6* 6.6
110 5.3 8.1
125 6.0 9.2
140 6.7 10.3
160 7.7 11.8
180 8.6 10.7
200 9.6
SDR: ratio of external diameter to nominal wall thickness
* these pipes have not standardised dimensions
** PN values are based on a global service factor C = 1.25
Table 8. Dimensions of Smooth HDPE Tubes
Ducts for external prestressing are delivered in straight lengths. The most common lengths are
6 and 12 m. Lengths of pipe are connected by mirror welding or by means of polyethylene
sleeves electro-welded.
G.2.4.2 Indented Pipes for Hoop Tendon Anchorages
Hoop prestressing tendons are used with continuous polyethylene or polypropylene pipes,
generally extruded and supplied on reels. These pipes are smooth or indented for centering the
strand in its duct.
G.2.5 Liaseal

Duct Connector
The Liaseal

duct connector is a polyolefin component providing a sealed connection


between lengths of duct that is used in the construction of precast concrete segments for
bridge construction (drawing 27). Used in conjunction with the Plyduct

duct, the Liaseal

connector makes a continuous, leakfree plastic duct crossing the match-cast joints between
segments.
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G.3 CABLE LAY-OUT
G.3.1 Alignment at Anchorage
Close to anchorages the duct must guide the tensile element so that its strands bear against the
deviation zone of the trumplate and enter the holes in the anchorage head at the correct angle:
in practice the cable lay-out must be straight on a length of at least 6 times the duct internal
diametre, between the trumplate end and the start of the curved section.
G.3.2 Curvature Radii
G.3.2.1 Internal Prestressing
In the absence of more restrictive national specifications, the minimum curvature radius is
defined as follows:
Stand Type Duct Type
Minimum Curvature
Radius
steel 100 x internal diametre
2, 3
Flat duct
Plastic 100 x internal diametre
3
Steel 100 x internal diametre
Circular duct
Plastic 100 x internal diametre
Bare Strand
Tube Steel 3,0 m
Strands directly
incorporated in concrete
(in group of three strands
maximum) or placed in a
duct injected with cement
grout before tensioning
Deviation 1,7 m for T13
1
2,5 m for T15
1
Deviation 2,5 m
Monostrand
Single strand
Dead anchorage
(180 hoop)
0,6 m
1
according to ENV 1992-1-5:1994
2
concrete stability against splitting to be checked and simultaneous stressing at both ends
3
flat duct dimension in the considered direction
Table 9. Minimum Curvature Radius for Internal Prestressing
In the case of bonded prestressing, the minimum radius of steel tubes can be reduced down to
20 times the internal diameter, assuming that:
- the resulting radius is not less than 1,1 m for T13 strands and 1,3 m for T15 strands,
- the tensile stress does not exceed 70% of strand guaranteed tensile strength where the
radius is less than 3,0 m,
- the sum of angular deviations along the cable is less than 3/2 radians,
- the sharply curved zone is considered as a dead anchorage if the angular deviation exceeds
/2 radians.
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G.3.2.2 Removable External Prestressing
In the absence of more restrictive national specifications, the minimum curvature radius in
deviators, normally made out of curved steel pipes, is defined as follows:
Tendon
Minimum Curvature
Radius at Anchorages
Minimum Curvature
Radius in Deviators
7C15 3,0 m 2,0 m
12C15 3,5 m* 2,5 m*
19C15 4,0 m* 3,0 m*
27C15 4,5 m 3,5 m
37C15 5,0 m* 4,0 m
* : according to ENV 1992-1-5:1994
Table 10. Minimum Curvature Radius for External Prestressing
G.3.3 Support Distances and Tolerances
The maximum distance between duct supports is 1,0 m for straight sections or with high
curvature radius and 0,5 m for sections with small radius. In the case of smooth steel pipes, at
least one support at each elementary length shall be placed but the distance shall not exceed
3 m.
Any axial thrust along the pipe must be balanced by appropriate arrangements at the bottom
of the formwork. Similarly, the spacing of supports and the attachment of the duct must take
account of the buoyancy effect in fresh concrete.
Flat ducts are more sensitive to accidental crushing before tendon threading than circular
ducts. For this reason the tendons should be threaded into the duct before concreting. If it is
not possible to thread the tendons before concreting, measures must be taken to protect the
duct from crushing, or the ducts must be threaded with temporary dummy strands which
will be removed before the real tendons are threaded.
When ducts cross over each other in layers, contact between ducts should be avoided, and it
may be advisable to strengthen the area of intersection with a half-sleeve in order to prevent
any risk of communication between ducts during cement grouting.
In the case of corrugated plastic sheaths, a plastic half-shell must be placed between the duct
and its support in all areas where tendon is deviated.
For monostrands directly incorporated in concrete, sheath punching at support must be
checked.
The tolerance on the position of tendons in concrete parts must meet the requirements of draft
standard ENV 13670-1. Special attention must be given to tendon breakout induced by
deviated cables near an outside surface: the local positioning tolerance will have to be
determined in accordance with the lay-out of the passive reinforcement.
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H TENSIONING
H.1 TENSIONING EQUIPMENT
Freyssinet equipment is covered by an EC declaration of conformity for new or rental
equipment.
Clearance for jacks at tensioning end must be made available in accordance with drawings 34
to 46. This clearance must remain available during service life of the structure if force
adjustment, load monitoring or replacement of tendon has been foreseen.
H.2 PARTICULAR RECOMMENDATIONS
H.2.1 Tendons with Couplers
Tensioning of secondary cables shall be such as to avoid the force at coupler end to exceed
that of the primary cables after blocking.
H.3 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR TENSIONING AND CONTROL
H.3.1 General Method for Tensioning
Tensioning is done in accordance with the Freyssinet procedures, the specifications of
ETAG 013, CWA 14646, ENV 13670-1 and applicable national regulations.
H.3.2 Measurements of Stressing Forces
Force readings must take into account calibration of tensioning equipment and losses due to
friction in anchorages as given in the following table:
Bare Strands Monostrands
Anchorage Model
Min. Max. Min. Max.
3 to 13 C 15 2 % 3 % 1 % 2 %
19 to 55 C 15 and 25 CC 15 2,5 % 3,5 % 1 % 2 %
1 F 13/15 1 % 2 % 0 % 1 %
3 to 4 F 13/15 1 % 2 % 1 % 2 %
1 to 2 X 15 1 % 2 % 0 % 1 %
* tensioning using jack with curved front adaptor-fitting
Table 11. Friction Loss in Anchorages
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I PROTECTION OF TENDONS
I.1 LUBRICATION AND TEMPORARY PROTECTION
Temporary protection of tensile elements is obtained by factory-applied soluble oil.

If storage of strands on site is longer or if tendon injection cannot be done in due time after
tensioning (delay exceeding four weeks), this temporary protection must be regularly
renewed, in conformity with applicable specifications. This lubrication may also be used to
reduce friction coefficient of cable inside duct.
I.2 FILLING MATERIALS USED
I.2.1 Cement Grout
Cement grout is a stable, uniform mix of Portland cement, additives and water obtained by a
mechanical mixing process. It is screened and kept agitated in a storage tank until injected
into the duct.
Freyssinet prestressing tendons can be injected with:
either a common grout complying with the requirements of European standards
EN 447 (requirements for common grout) and EN 445 (test methods). The grout
setting can be retarded to provide a longer groutability,
or a special grout, as per the requirements of paragraph C.4.3 of ETAG 013.
I.2.2 Wax
The wax for injecting prestressing tendons shall be a petroleum wax meeting the requirements
of paragraph C.4.2 of ETAG 013.
I.2.3 Grease
The grease for Freyssinet prestressing tendons shall be a mineral-oil-based grease meeting the
requirements of paragraph C.4.1 of ETAG 013.
I.3 INJECTION EQUIPMENT
Mixers, wax melting units, and pumps supplied by Freyssinet for injecting tendons are all
subject to an EC declaration of conformity with the applicable regulations governing new or
rented equipment.
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J MECHANICAL AND GEOMETRICAL CONDITIONS OF USE
J.1 FRICTION LOSSES AND ELONGATIONS
J.1.1 Friction in Tendons
The coefficients of friction () and of wobble (k), as defined in European standard
pr EN1992-1-1 to obtain the prestressing force with the equation P(x) = P
max
e
-(+kx)
, vary in
accordance with uses (internal or external prestressing, standard strands or monostrands), the
type and stiffness of ducts (steel or HDPE strip sheath or pipe), surface treatments, lubrication
of the strands, whether with soluble oil or grease.
The acceptable variation of the coefficient of friction is usually 25%. The coefficient of
friction can rise significantly in deviation zones with a curvature radius less than 6 metres.
The coefficients in the following table are for information only (and must be adapted to each
project).
Friction Coefficient
(rad
-1
) Use Duct Type
Lubricated
Strand
Unlubricated
Strand
Wobble factor k
(rad/m)
Corrugated steel sheath
0,17 0,19
1
0,007
1
LFC
3
Corrugated steel
sheath
0,10 0,12 0,007
1
Corrugated plastic sheath
0,10 0,12 0,007
1
Internal
Prestressing
Steel pipe
0,16 0,24 0,007
1
HDPE pipe
0,10 0,12 0
External
Prestressing
Steel pipe
0,16 0,24 0
Single Monostrands
0,05
2
0,007
2
Unbonded
Internal
Prestressing
Group of Pre-Grouted
Monostrands
0,05 0,012
1
as per standard EN 1992-1-1: 2004
2
as per standard ENV 1992-1-5: 1994
3
Freyssinet phosphated duct
Table 12 Friction and Wobble Coefficient
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J.1.2 Parameters for Evaluation of Elongation during Stressing
J.1.2.1 Pull-In at Wedge Blocking
At end of stressing the jack is released and the wedges are pulled-in into the anchorage block
to anchor the strands. Freyssinet jacks can allow a hydraulic blocking to reduce the pull-in
amount.
The elongation loss with or without hydraulic blocking shall be accounted for in tensioning
calculations by using the values given in the following table.
Stressing Jack with hydraulic blocking without hydraulic blocking
Strand diametre T13 T15 T13 T15
min 4 4 6 6
mean 5 6 7 8
Pull-in at
stressing
anchorage
mm
max 6 8 8 9
Table 13 Wedge Pull-In at Stressing Anchorages
J.1.2.2 Pull-In at Passive Anchorages
The pull-in value at passive anchorage creates a translation of the cable and increases the
elongation at stressing end. This value must be deduced from the measured elongation at each
stressing step.
The mean pull-in values at passive end are:
T13 strand: 5 mm,
T15 strand: 6 mm.
J.1.2.3 Pull-in within Type P Coupling Units
The mean pull-in values within strand connectors are as follows:
T13 strand: 10 mm,
T15 strand: 12 mm.
J.2 GEOMETRICAL CONDITIONS OF USE
J.2.1 Clearance behind Anchorages
Behind each anchorage a clearance must be reserved to allow for:
Installation of wedges,
Placing of stressing jack,
Sufficient protection cover of cable end after cutting-off of strand overlengths,
Installation of temporary or permanent cap, if necessary.
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In the case of an active anchorage the necessary clearance for jack placing and actioning is
described in the drawings given in Part K thereafter.
For external passive anchorages a minimal clearance of 500 mm allows the installation of
wedges on protruding strands.
J.2.2 Lateral Cover and Distances
Anchorages must have a sufficient edge distance and be separated from each other by a
minimum centre distance. These distances are derived from reference dimensions a and b of
the test specimens.
In what follows, it is considered that anchorages are positioned relative to two orthogonal
directions x and y, with the smaller dimension of the trumplate aligned along axis x.
Notations:
A, B: plane dimensions of the trumplate (A B),
a, b: side lengths of test specimen (a b),
x, y: minimum centre distance between two anchorages in the structure in x- and y-
directions,
x, y: minimum edge distance between anchorages and the closest external surface in
x- and y-directions,
f
cm,o
: mean compressive strength measured on cylinder required before tensioning.
Dimensions x and y shall satisfy the following conditions:
x A + 30 (mm)
y B + 30 (mm)
x . y a . b
x 0,85 a
y 0,85 b
x 0,5 x + concrete cover 10 (mm)
y 0,5 y + concrete cover 10 (mm)
y y y
x
x
x
x
y y
A
B B
A
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The values of a and b are given in the table below for three different concrete strengths f
cm,o
.
a = b (mm)
f
cm,o
(MPa)
Unit 24 44 60
3 C15 220 200 180
4 C15 250 220 200
7 C15 330 260 240
9 C15 380 300 280
12 C15 430 320 300
13 C15 450 340 310
19 C15 530 400 380
22 C15 590 430 410
25 C15 630 460 440
27 C15 650 480 470
31 C15 690 520 500
37 C15 750 580 540
55 C15 1070 750 690
Table 14 Minimum Edge Distances for C-Model Anchorages
f
cm,o
(MPa) a (mm) b (mm)
1 F 13/15 22 190 140
3/4 F 13 22 500 160
3/4 F 15 22 390 190
Table 15 Minimum Edge Distances for Model F Anchorages
If the project calls for a value f
cm,o
other than any of those in the two tables directly above, the
appropriate values of x and y can be determined by interpolation. However, full tension
cannot be exerted when f
cm,o
is less than the lowest value indicated in tables 14 and 15 (e.g.
24 MPa for model C anchorages).
For partial tensioning or for a tension of less than Min{0.8 F
pk
; 0.9Fp
0.1%
}, the required value
for f
cm,o
can be determined by interpolation considering that at 50% of the total force, the
required concrete strength can be reduced to 2/3 of the values given in the two tables above
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and at 30% of the total force, the required concrete strength can be reduced to 1/2 of the
values given in the same tables.
J.3 BURSTING REINFORCEMENT
In anchorage zone prestressing tendons impose to the structure concentrated forces requiring a
specific arrangement of reinforcement. In case of concrete structures, bursting reinforcement
consists in:
Surface reinforcement,
Anchorage bursting reinforcement,
General reinforcement to equilibrate mechanically the concerned piece within the
structure, the dimensions of which result from the design rules of reinforced concrete.
Anchorage bursting reinforcement as defined thereunder results from load transfer testing. If
required the local zone reinforcement specified in the ETA may be modified for a specific
project design in accordance with national regulations and relevant approval of the local
authorities and of the ETA holder to provide equivalent performance.
J.3.1 C-Model Anchorages
J.3.1.1 Cross-laid Wave-form Bars / Stirrups
The diagrams below define the general layout of bursting reinforcement when cross-laid
wave-form bars are used. Each layer has two cross-laid bent bars. For practical reasons, each
bent bar can be replaced by two stirrups of at least equivalent resisting section (see diagram
below).
General reinforcement not shown General reinforcement not shown
C C C
0
C
0
C
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or (see
tables)
wfb (wave-form bursting steel)
equivalent stirrups
In the case of several rows of anchorages, as a rule W = L = Lo. In the case of a single row of
anchorages, W is reduced and L is increased, but the minimum value of E shown in the
following table is retained.
Wave form bars (wfb) or Stirrups (FeE 235) (B500) Complementary
reinforcement (Stirrups)
Anchor
Number
of
Layers
Co
mm
C
mm
Type
Steel
diameter
d
(mm)
Mandrel
diameter
D
(mm)
min
Centre
distance
E (mm)
Overall
Length
L
(mm)
Pitch
(mm)
Diameter
d
(mm)
Number
3C15 3 100 75 wfb 8 31 90 200 110 8 3
4C15 3 100 75 wfb 8 46 90 230 115 12 3
7C15 3 120 90 wfb 12 74 130 310 120 12 4
9C15 3 120 110 wfb 12 74 140 360 125 14 4
12C15 3 120 120 wfb 14 83 160 410 140 16 4
13C15 3 140 125 wfb 14 88 170 430 130 16 4
19C15 3 160 125 wfb 16 117 200 520 180 20 4
22C15 3 170 140 wfb 20 118 215 570 130 16 6
25C15 3 200 160 wfb 20 135 220 610 175 20 5
27C15 3 175 170 wfb 20 130 250 630 175 20 4
31C15 4 210 150 wfb 20 130 255 670 180 20 4
37C15 4 250 225 wfb 20 130 270 740 130 25 5
55C15 5 290 200 wfb 25 160 340 1050 200 20 6
* wfb wave-form bar
Table 16 Bursting Steel for f
cm,o
= 24 MPa
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Wave form bars (wfb) or Stirrups (FeE 235) (B500) Complementary
reinforcement (Stirrups)
Anchor
Number
of
Layers
Co
mm
C
mm
Type
Steel
diameter
d
(mm)
Mandrel
diameter
D
(mm)
min
Centre
distance
E (mm)
Overall
Length
L
(mm)
Pitch
(mm)
Diameter
d
(mm)
Number
3C15 3 100 75 wfb 8 26 90 190 150 8 2
4C15 3 100 75 wfb 8 31 90 200 250 8 3
7C15 3 120 90 wfb 12 39 130 240 140 10 4
9C15 3 120 110 wfb 12 39 140 290 150 14 3
12C15 3 120 120 stirrups 14 84 160 300 240 14 3
13C15 3 140 125 stirrups 14 84 170 330 120 14 4
19C15 3 160 125 stirrups 16 96 200 380 200 16 3
22C15 3 170 140 stirrups 20 120 215 410 160 14 4
25C15 3 200 160 stirrups 20 120 220 440 165 16 3
27C15 3 175 170 stirrups 20 120 250 460 165 16 3
31C15 3 210 190 stirrups 20 120 255 500 210 20 3
37C15 4 250 225 stirrups 20 120 270 600 210 20 4
55C15 4 290 255 stirrups 25 150 340 730 200 20 4
Table 17 Bursting Steel for f
cm,o
= 44 MPa
Wave form bars (wfb) or Stirrups (FeE 235) (B500) Complementary
reinforcement (Stirrups)
Anchor
Number
of
Layers
Co
mm
C
mm
Type
Steel
diameter
d
(mm)
Mandrel
diameter
D
(mm)
min
Centre
distance
E (mm)
Overall
Length
L
(mm)
Pitch
(mm)
Diameter
d
(mm)
Number
3C15 2 100 75 wbf 8 26 90 190 150 8 2
4C15 2 100 75 wbf 10 31 90 200 150 8 2
7C15 3 120 90 stirrups 12 39 130 240 180 10 2
9C15 3 120 110 stirrups 12 39 140 290 150 12 3
12C15 3 120 120 stirrups 14 84 160 300 150 12 3
13C15 3 140 125 stirrups 14 84 170 330 135 14 3
19C15 3 160 125 stirrups 20 120 200 380 250 10 4
22C15 3 170 140 stirrups 20 120 215 410 240 10 3
25C15 3 200 160 stirrups 20 120 220 440 220 12 3
27C15 3 175 170 stirrups 20 120 250 460 220 14 3
31C15 3 210 190 stirrups 20 120 255 500 220 16 3
37C15 4 250 225 stirrups 20 120 270 550 180 16 3
55C15 4 290 255 stirrups 25 150 340 670 200 16 4
Table 18 Bursting Steel for f
cm,o
= 60 MPa
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J.3.1.2 Helical reinforcement
The diagram below defines the general layout of bursting reinforcement when a circular
helical device is used. This arrangement is preferable with isolated anchorages or anchorages
on several rows.
Type Helical bursting steel (FeE 235) (B500) Complementary
reinforcement (Stirrups)
Anchor
Pitch
(mm)
Diameter d
(mm)
Number Co
(mm)
External
Diameter D
(mm)
Pitch
(mm)
Diameter
d (mm)
Number
3 C 15 50 8 5 40 160 110 8 3
4 C 15 60 10 5 40 190 115 10 3
7 C 15 60 14 6 40 270 120 10 4
9 C 15 70 14 6 40 320 125 12 4
12 C 15 70 14 7 40 370 140 16 4
13 C 15 70 14 7 40 390 130 16 4
19 C 15 60 16 8 40 470 180 20 4
22 C 15 70 16 8 40 510 130 16 6
25 C 15 80 20 7 40 550 175 20 5
27 C 15 80 20 7 40 570 175 20 4
31 C 15 80 20 7 40 600 180 20 5
37 C 15 90 20 7 40 660 130 25 5
55 C 15 100 25 9 40 930 200 20 6
Table 19 Helical Bursting Steel for f
cm,o
= 24 MPa
C
0
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Type Helical bursting steel (FeE 235) (B500) Complementary
reinforcement (Stirrups)
Anchor
Pitch
(mm)
Diameter d
(mm)
Number Co
(mm)
External
Diameter D
(mm)
Pitch
(mm)
Diameter
d (mm)
Number
3 C 15 50 8 5 40 150 150 8 2
4 C 15 60 10 5 40 160 250 8 3
7 C 15 60 12 6 40 200 140 10 4
9 C 15 70 14 6 40 250 150 12 3
12 C 15 50 14 7 40 260 240 14 3
13 C 15 70 14 7 40 290 120 14 4
19 C 15 60 16 8 40 320 200 16 3
22 C 15 70 16 8 40 350 160 14 4
25 C 15 80 20 7 40 380 165 16 3
27 C 15 80 20 7 40 400 165 16 3
31 C 15 80 20 8 40 420 210 16 3
37 C 15 90 20 9 40 520 210 20 4
55 C 15 100 25 10 40 650 250 20 3
Table 20 Helical Bursting Steel for f
cm,o
= 44 MPa
Type
Helical bursting steel (FeE 235) (B500) Complementary
reinforcement (Stirrups)
Anchor
Pitch
(mm)
Diameter d
(mm)
Number Co
(mm)
External
Diameter D
(mm)
Pitch
(mm)
Diameter
d (mm)
Number
3 C 15 50 8 5 40 150 150 8 2
4 C 15 60 10 5 40 160 150 8 2
7 C 15 60 12 6 40 200 160 10 3
9 C 15 70 14 6 40 250 200 12 2
12 C 15 50 14 7 40 260 200 12 2
13 C 15 70 14 7 40 290 135 12 3
19 C 15 60 16 8 40 320 250 10 4
22 C 15 70 16 8 40 360 240 12 3
25 C 15 80 20 7 40 390 220 10 3
27 C 15 80 20 7 40 400 220 12 3
31 C 15 80 20 8 40 420 220 14 3
37 C 15 90 20 9 40 470 180 16 3
55 C 15 100 25 9 40 600 180 16 3
Table 21 Helical Bursting Steel for f
cm,o
= 60 MPa
Note : the number of turns must be increased by one and a half if the last turn is open.
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J.3.2 Model F Anchorages
J.3.2.1 Anchorage A 1F13 and A 1F15
Bursting reinforcement, steel quality FeE 235 for f
cm,o
22 MPa
J.3.2.2 Anchorage A n F13
Bursting reinforcement, steel quality FeE 235 for f
cm,o
22 MPa
type qty

L1 L2 L3 h
1 12 8 320
2 3 8 320 20 160 140
3 3 8 320 20 160 140
see bar types below
A 3F13
A 4F13
10
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J.3.2.3 Anchorage A n F15
Bursting reinforcement, steel quality FeE 235 for f
cm,o
22 MPa
type qty

L1 L2 L3 h
2 2 8 350 60 160 160
3 2 8 350 60 160 160
4 4 12 350 160 160
Note: 2 bars type 1 may be replaced by 1 bar type 4
K DRAWINGS
46 drawings distributed in 40 pages follow.
bar types
A 3F15
A 4F15
see bar types below