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Tutorial 1 Study Area 2 Water 1.

Water molecules have a polarity that allows them to bond to each other with loose bonds called _____. A) B) C) D) E) hydrogen bonds ionic bonds acid bonds nonpolar bonds none o the above

!. "ost o water#s uni$ue properties result rom the act that water molecules _____. A) B) C) D) E) are very small tend to repel each other are e%tremely large tend to stic& together are in constant motion

'. Each water molecule is (oined to _____ other water molecules by ____ bonds. A) B) C) D) E) two ... hydrogen our ... hydrogen three ... ionic our ... polar covalent two ... polar covalent

). *he une$ual sharing o electrons within a water molecule ma&es the water molecule _____. A) B) C) D) E) change easily rom a li$uid to gaseous orm ionic hydrophobic polar have a low sur ace tension

+. *he tendency o an atom to pull electrons toward itsel is re erred to as its _____. A) B) C) D) E) electronegativity covalency ionic potential polarity tonicity

,. -n this molecule. what type o bond is ound between the o%ygen and hydrogen atoms/ A) B) C) D) E) polar covalent hydrophobic ionic hydrophilic nonpolar covalent

0. Why isn#t this insect drowning/ A) B) C) D) E) 2. A) B) C) D) E) 1ur ace tension. *he insect is very light. -t is di icult to change the temperature o water. *he insect is swimming. *he insect is lying (ust above the water sur ace -ce loats because _____. it is colder than li$uid water its molecules are moving aster than in li$uid water it is denser than li$uid water its hydrogen molecules bond to the water sur ace ilm its water molecules are arther apart than in li$uid water

3. 1odas typically contain sugar. lavorings. coloring agents. and carbon dio%ide dissolved in water. *he best term to describe this mi%ture would be _____. A) B) C) D) E) a solution a solvent a solute an a$ueous solution hydrophobic

14. *he loss o a proton 567) rom a water molecule is &nown as _____.
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A) B) C) D) E)

dissociation dislocation dissemination ree8ing vapori8ation

11. What name is given to this molecule/ A) B) C) D) E) water methane hydronium ion glucose hydro%ide ion

1!. 6ow did this molecule orm/ A) B) C) D) E) *wo water molecules bonded. A water molecule gained an hydrogen ion rom another water molecule. Evaporation. A hydrogen molecule bonded with an 96: molecule. A water molecule split in hal .

1'. What name is given to this molecule/ A) B) C) D) E) water D;A hydronium ion glucose hydro%ide ion

1). An acid is a substance that _____. A) B) C) D) E) contains hydrogen orms covalent bonds with other substances donates hydrogen ions to solutions is a versatile solvent removes hydrogen ions rom solutions

1+. -n a neutral solution the concentration o _____. A) B) C) D) E) hydrogen ions is e$ual to the concentration o hydro%ide ions water molecules is less than the concentration o hydrogen ions hydrogen ions is less than the concentration o hydro%ide ions water molecules is less than the concentration o hydro%ide ions hydrogen ions is greater than the concentration o hydro%ide ions

1,. *he tendency o water molecules to stic& together _____ A) provides the sur ace tension that allows some insects to wal& on water
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B) C) D) E)

is called cohesion &eeps water moving through the vessels in a tree trun& acts to moderate temperature all o the above

10. -n a group o water molecules. hydrogen bonds orm between _____. A) B) C) D) E) two hydrogen atoms in di erent water molecules the o%ygen atoms in di erent water molecules the o%ygen atom in one molecule and a hydrogen atom in another molecule the hydrogen atoms in a single water molecule none o the above

12. What do cohesion. sur ace tension. and adhesion have in common with re erence to water/ A) B) C) D) E) All are results o the structure o the hydrogen atom. All are produced by covalent bonding. All are properties related to hydrogen bonding. All have to do with ionic interactions. All are aspects o a crystalline structure.

13. "ost o water#s uni$ue eatures 5such as its great ability to dissolve other substances. its high boiling point. and its great sur ace tension) result rom the act that _____. A) B) C) D) E) hydrogen is the only element without any neutrons o%ygen attracts electrons more than hydrogen does o%ygen has only one stable isotope. but hydrogen has three o%ygen has two un illed electron shells water is a large molecule

!4. *he partial charges on a water molecule occur because o _____. A) the une$ual sharing o electrons between hydrogen and o%ygen B) the achievement o a stable con iguration by one atom o a bond but not by the other partner C) ionic bonding D) widespread ioni8ation E) the high electronegativity o hydrogen

!1. Water molecules are &nown or orming hydrogen bonds between themselves and or their ability to dissolve a great variety o substances that have charges or partial charges on their molecules. *hese two properties are ___________. A) both caused by water#s ability to orm covalent bonds with hydrophobic substances B) due to water#s partial charges and low molecular weight. respectively
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C) both caused by water#s partial charges D) both caused by water#s two electron shells and the opposite spins o those shells E) both due to water#s low molecular weight !!. Cells are surrounded by water. and cells themselves are about 04< to 3+< water. As a result _____. A) B) C) D) the temperature o living things tends to change relatively slowly a variety o nutrient molecules are readily available as dissolved solutes waste products produced by cell metabolism can be easily removed dissolved substances can be easily transported within the cell. or between cells in multicellular organisms E) all o the above !'. Water is a polar molecule. *his means that _____. A) B) C) D) E) the opposite ends o the molecule have opposite charges water molecules are linear. li&e a pole water is one o the many hydrophobic molecules the atoms in water have e$ual electronegativities all o the above

!). 1ur ace tension involves _____. A) B) C) D) E) imbibition adhesion cohesion wetting action none o the above

!+. Water resists temperature change because _____. A) large bodies o water cannot store heat B) heating water absorbs energy by disrupting the hydrogen bonds be ore evaporation can occur C) evaporation o water heats the sur ace it leaves D) hydrogen bonding increases water#s ability to vapori8e E) none o the above

!,. 1weating has a cooling e ect because o water#s high _____. A) B) C) D) E) heat o usion sur ace tension heat o vapori8ation speci ic heat density
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!0. Because the molecules o water are arther apart in ice than in li$uid water. _____. A) B) C) D) E) ice loats ice is denser than li$uid water ice e%pands when it melts ice vapori8es be ore li$uid water does all o the above

!2. 6ydrophilic substances. but not hydrophobic substances. _____. A) B) C) D) E) have charges and partial charges to which water molecules can adhere have a higher bond energy than water give up electrons to solvents accept electrons rom solvents a repelled by water

!3. A molecule that has all nonpolar covalent bonds would be _____. A) B) C) D) E) hydrophobic hydrophilic acidic basic 5al&aline) ionic

'4. 6ydrophobic molecules are _____ water. A) B) C) D) E) attracted to absorbed by repelled by mi%ed with polari8ed by

'1. Adding acid tends to ____ o a solution. A) B) C) D) E) increase the hydrogen ion concentration and raise the p6 increase the hydrogen ion concentration and lower the p6 decrease the hydrogen ion concentration and raise the p6 decrease the hydrogen ion concentration and lower the p6 either increase or decrease the p6. depending on the original acidity

'!. Which o the ollowing dissociations is that o an acid/ A) B) C) D) E) 6!9 ::= 67 7 96: ;a96 ::= ;a7 7 96: 6> ::= 67 7 >: ;6' 7 67 ::= ;6)7 6C9': 7 67 ::= 6!C9'
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''. 1omething that resists a change in p6 is called a5n) _____. A) B) C) D) E) isoproton bu er proton sin& acid base

'). Adding a base tends to _____ o a solution. A) B) C) D) E) lower hydrogen ion concentration and lower the p6 lower hydrogen ion concentration and increase the p6 increase hydrogen ion concentration and lower the p6 increase the hydrogen ion concentration and increase the p6 lower the hydro%ide ion concentration and lower the p6

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