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Antenna System Sweeps

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Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PD


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#ric Bird #$S%W&%,D)S,R)B$,)ON0 #ricsson #n2ineerin2 Record ! Dallas3 ,4

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01 #R) SSON

Distribution List Only

Revision A

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ERICSSON RADIO SYSTEMS INC.

TECHNICAL DOCUMENT WIRELESS SYSTEMS ENGINEERING SECURITY LEVEL S2

MetroCel Digital Call Qualit Te!t Re!ult! "CS #$%%


,#S, )NS,R$ ,)ON "ebruary 1.3 1///

PR#PAR#D B50 Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PDRichard !"ischer Wireless Systems #n2ineer )) P6ON# 70 8/9': ;<=!.1>; APPRO?#D B50 #ric Bird #$S%W&%,@ana2er3 Radio Networ( Desi2n A )nte2ration P6ON# 70 8/9': ;<=!.1''

DA,#0

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,his document is proprietary to #ricsson Radio Systems )nc* and may not be disclosed without prior written notice*

Antenna System Sweeps

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Prepared By Security Level Document Number PWO Number

Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PD


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#ric Bird #$S%W&%,-

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01 #R) SSON

TA&LE O' CONTENTS SECTION DESCRI"TION


#. GENERAL( 2. TEST INSTRUMENTS a)* e+ui,-e)t.......................................................................................................( .. METHOD ( =*1 S#, $P > (. SWR MEASUREMENTS............................................................................................................................./ >*1 -eneral ; >*1*1 ,#S, S#, $P ; >*1*' ,DR B >*1*= ,DR%LOAD 9 >*1*> )NS#R,)ON LOSS%S6OR, < >*' R,N LOSS*****************************************************************************************************************************************************/

"AGE

Antenna System Sweeps

Sheet

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Prepared By Security Level Document Number PWO Number

Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PD


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hec(ed )ssue Date Rev* "ile Re+erence

#ric Bird #$S%W&%,-

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01 #R) SSON

#.

GENERAL
,his document describes the procedure +or per+ormin2 the "eeder able ,est ,DR 8,ime Domain Re+lectometer 8,DR: and the Antenna Standin2 Wave Ratio measurement 8SWR:*

2.

TEST INSTRUMENTS AND EQUI"MENT


,he +ollowin2 is a list o+ the reCuired test eCuipment needed to per+orm the antenna tests* ,his instruction allows +or one!method and test eCuipment con+i2urations +or the SWR measurements* Scalar Networ( AnalyDers0 6P<91>#,%#S Option 1.. R" Networ( AnalyDer 8=.. (6D to = -hD: Wiltron Wavete( @arconi )nstruments Printer alibration Eit3 ,ype!N ;. Ohm ,est Lead ables Polyphasers +or R4 and ,4 =. "t o+ 1%>F Super+leG coaGial with N!male to BN connectors Adapters and onnectors ,wo way Radios "lashli2ht Schematics

..

METHOD
Prior to the be2innin2 o+ all tests3 eCuipment should be warm!up +or a minimum o+ =. minutes 8 hec( on manu+actory speci+ications:* alibration o+ R" Networ( AnalyDer with cable%+emale!+emale connector 8$se calibration (it:* ?eri+y operation o+ R" Networ( AnalyDer by puttin2 a load at the end o+ calibrated cable 8$se calibration (it:*

..#

SET U"
?eri+y that volume o+ tra++ic is low* @ove ontrol channel* Disable ,4%R4*

Antenna System Sweeps

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Prepared By Security Level Document Number PWO Number

Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PD


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hec(ed )ssue Date Rev* "ile Re+erence

#ric Bird #$S%W&%,

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01 #R) SSON

?eri+y that ,4%R4 is disable* Disconnect ,4%R4* onnect Networ( AnalyDer to ,4%R4* ?eri+y coaGialHs diameter!?elocity!?SWR to be tested* enter "reCuency +or R4 is 1<<. @6D* enter "reCuency +or ,4 is 1/B. @6D* R4 antenna measurements Start%Stop "reCuencies 81<;. to 1/1.: @6D* ,4 antenna measurements Start%Stop "reCuencies 81/=. to 1//.: @6D* Span o+ 1/; @6D* When testin2 the R4 System3 bypass the R4 ,ransmission Line and connect Super "leG oaGial N!@ale % BN +rom any available System Receive 8R4: @ulticoupler 8@ : to the SystemIs ")L,#R )n connection that you are testin2* Be+ore Sweepin2 the R4 Systems3 you must bypass the ,@A with a small Jumper or pi2 tail 8$se same type o+ cable:*

(. (.#

SWR MEASUREMENTS GENERAL


SWR measurements should be conducted +or all R4 and ,4 antennas* $se the start and stop +reCuencies that are listed below to set up the test eCuipment* R4 antenna measurements Start%Stop "reCuencies 81<;. to 1/1.: @6D* ,4 antenna measurements Start%Stop "reCuencies 81/=. to 1//.: @6D*

(.#.#

TEST SET U"


onnect the R" Networ( AnalyDer to the antenna cable to be tested* Note eGistin2 connections on transmission line* ?eri+y appropriated ?SWR0 a: onnectors must be better than 1*.B ?SWR b: )+ you are usin2 R4 8Polyphaser or Sur2e Protector:3 ?SWR must be better than 1*1. 8 hec( on manu+actory speci+ications:* c: )+ you are usin2 ,4 8Polyphaser or Sur2e Protector:3 ?SWR must be better than 1*'. 8 hec( on manu+actory speci+ications:* d: Load should be around 1*.' ?SWR* +: hec( +or ?SWR speci+ications on antennas 8 hec( on manu+actory speci+ications:*

Antenna System Sweeps

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Prepared By Security Level Document Number PWO Number

Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PD


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hec(ed )ssue Date Rev* "ile Re+erence

#ric Bird #$S%W&%,-

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01 #R) SSON

(.#.2

TDR
,his measurement will chec( the entire transmission line includin2 the antenna by sendin2 electrical pulse alon2 a coaGial cable* ,he pulse propa2ates throu2h the coaG at a velocity 8?p:3 and arrives at the +ar end 8Antenna: a+ter a time ,D* ,DK d % ?p ?pK c % 8(: eGp 1%' cK Speed of light. (K Relative dielectric constant of coaxial transmission line. )+ the load impedance matches the coaG impedance3 &t K Ro3 then the ,DR pulse is per+ectly absorbed* )+ &t is not eCual to Ro3 some o+ the incident pulse ener2y will be re+lected bac( towards the 2eneratin2 si2nal 8R" Networ( AnalyDer:* ,his re+lected pulse will arrive bac( at the ,DR output port at tK ',D* @a(e notes o+ readin2s and veri+y speci+ications*

Antenna System Sweeps

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Prepared By Security Level Document Number PWO Number

Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PD


Approved By

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hec(ed )ssue Date Rev* "ile Re+erence

#ric Bird #$S%W&%,-

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01 #R) SSON

Note: Plots for Freq. Spectrum 806 86! "#$

(.#..

TDR0Loa*
Put a load 8;. ohms: at the end o+ transmission line* @a(e notes o+ readin2s and veri+y speci+ications*

Antenna System Sweeps

Sheet

<
Prepared By Security Level Document Number PWO Number

Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PD


Approved By

S'
hec(ed )ssue Date Rev* "ile Re+erence

#ric Bird #$S%W&%,-

'%1.%//

01 #R) SSON

Note: Plots for Freq. Spectrum 806 86! "#$

(.#.(

INSERTION LOSS0S1ort
)nsertion Loss is a comparison o+ the load power available with the trans+ormer in the circuit to the load power with the trans+ormer not in the circuit* ,ransducer loss is commonly re+erred to as insertion loss3 but this is precisely true only when source and load impedance are eCual*

Antenna System Sweeps

Sheet

/
Prepared By Security Level Document Number PWO Number

Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PD


Approved By

S'
hec(ed )ssue Date Rev* "ile Re+erence

#ric Bird #$S%W&%,-

'%1.%//

01 #R) SSON

Note: Plots for Freq. Spectrum 806 86! "#$

(.2

RTN LOSS
,his measurement ta(es into count the entire transmission line with the antenna connected bac( into the system* ,he return loss is the di++erence between the re+erence line and the hi2hest pea( on the displayed trace* Return Loss 8dB: K "orward 8dBm: ! @aG Re+lected 8dBm:

Antenna System Sweeps

Sheet

1.
Prepared By Security Level Document Number PWO Number

Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PD


Approved By

S'
hec(ed )ssue Date Rev* "ile Re+erence

#ric Bird #$S%W&%,-

'%1.%//

01 #R) SSON

Note: Plots for Freq. Spectrum 806 86! "#$

4.21

SWR CONVERSION TA&LE

Antenna System Sweeps

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Prepared By Security Level Document Number PWO Number

Richard !"ischer #$S%W&%PD


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#ric Bird #$S%W&%,-

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01 #R) SSON

Return Loss dB 4 6 6.5 7 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.8 9 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.8 10 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.8 11 11.2 11.4 11.6 11.8 12 12.2 12.4 12.6 12.8 13 13.2 13.4 13.6 13.8 14

SWR 4.42 3.01 2.8 2.61 2.55 2.49 2.43 2.37 2.32 2.27 2.23 2.18 2.14 2.1 2.06 2.02 1.99 1.96 1.93 1.89 1.86 1.84 1.81 1.79 1.76 1.74 1.71 1.69 1.67 1.65 1.63 1.61 1.59 1.58 1.56 1.54 1.53 1.51 1.5

Return Loss dB 14.2 14.4 14.6 14.8 15 15.2 15.4 15.6 15.8 16 16.2 16.4 16.6 16.8 17 17.2 17.4 17.6 17.8 18 18.2 18.4 18.6 18.8 19 19.2 19.4 19.6 19.8 20 20.5 21 21.5 22 22.5 23 23.5 24 24.5

SWR 1.48 1.47 1.46 1.44 1.43 1.42 1.41 1.4 1.39 1.38 1.37 1.36 1.35 1.34 1.33 1.32 1.31 1.3 1.29 1.29 1.28 1.27 1.27 1.26 1.25 1.25 1.24 1.23 1.23 1.22 1.21 1.2 1.18 1.17 1.16 1.15 1.14 1.13 1.12

Return Loss dB 25 25.5 26 26.5 27 27.5 28 28.5 29 29.5 30 30.5 31 31.5 32 32.5 33 33.5 34 34.5 35 35.5 36 36.5 37 37.5 38 38.5 39 39.5 40 40.5 41 41.5 42 42.5 43 43.5 44

SWR 1.12 1.11 1.1 1.1 1.09 1.08 1.08 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.06 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01