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Sample questions

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Connect the positive terminal a battery and float the other end of the battery Bring a negatively charged rod near the sphere and touch it to ground for a short while Rub it with a piece of silk Rub it with a piece of fur

Clear If {\rm{1}}{0^{\rm{9}}} electrons move out of a body to another body every second, how much time is approximately required to get a total charge of 1 C on the other body?

Electric charge

is a property of protons only is a property of particles such as atoms,ions,electrons etc that defines their behaviour in electrical fields. is a property of neutrons onlz is a property of electrons only

Clear Electric charges are of

Conservation of charges in tribo electric charging

implies one is positively charged and the other is negatively charged. implies half are positively charged and other half are neutral implies both are positively charged

Clear wo positive charges

always attract each other repel each other attract each other attract each other at times and repel at other times

Clear Charge is quantized means

charges can take on any continuous value charges can take on discrete values that are multiples of charge on electron charges can take on discrete values that are multiples of charge on neutron charges can take on any discontinuous value

Clear Ionization of a neutral atom is the

only gain of one or more neutrons only gain of one or more electrons only gain of one or more protons gain or loss of one or more electrons

electrostatic force is

force exerted by an electron on a neutron force exerted by one charge on another when the two are at rest in a given frame of reference force exerted by one charge on another when the two are accelerating in a given frame of reference

force exerted by one charge on another when the two are moving in a given frame of reference

Clear Conductors are materials

that allow only random movement of electrons that allow movement of protons that allow movement of electrons that allow movement of neutrons

Clear In charging by Induction

a metallic object is charged by bringing a charged object near it a metallic object by touching touching with a charged object a metallic object is charged by rubbing it with silk a metallic object is charged by rubbing it with fur

Clear For charges q1andq2 separated by a distance R the magnitude of the electrostatic force is given by

B . F=q1q240R

The unit of charge is

Electric field at a point is defined as

electric force per unit charge experienced by a unit charge at that point electric force experienced by a charge at that point electric force experienced by two charges at that point

Clear According to superposition of electric fields

The electric field of any combination of charges is the cross product of the individual fields. The electric field of any combination of charges is the vector sum of the individual charges. The electric field of any combination of charges is the vector sum of the fields caused by the individual charges. The electric field of any combination of charges is the scalar sum of the fields caused by the individual charges.

Clear Electric field lines can be said to be

lines of equal Electric field graphical representation of electric fields. drawing lines of electric fields lines of equal Electric voltage

Clear At any point on S on an electric field line

the perpendicular to the line is in the direction of E at that point the curvature is in the direction of E at that point the tangent to the line is in the direction of E at that point the binormal to the line is in the direction of E at that point

Clear An electric dipole is

a pair of electric charges of equal magnitude q but opposite sign, separated by a distance a pair of electric charges of equal magnitude q but negative sign, separated by a distance d a pair of electric charges of equal magnitude q but positive sign, separated by a distance d

Clear The direction of an electric dipole

is perpendicular to line from positive to negative charge is from negative to positive charge is perpendicular to line from negative to positive charge is from positive to negative charge

Clear Electric flux

Is a measure of the electric power through a surface Is a measure of the electric field potential through a surface Is a measure of the area of electric field through a surface Is a measure of the "flow" (in analogy with flow of fluids) of electric field through a surface.

Clear Gauss's law states that

the total electric field flux coming out of a closed surface equals the net charge enclosed within the volume the total electric field flux coming out of a closed surface equals the net charge enclosed within the volume divided by 0 the total electric field flux coming out of an open surface equals the net charge enclosed within the volume divided by 0 the total electric field flux coming out of a closed surface equals the charge enclosed within the volume divided by 0

Clear An electric dipole in an electric field experiences a torque {tex}\vec \tau {tex}

equal to the vector product of \vec E{tex} and {tex}\vec p equal to the scalar product of \vec p{tex} and {tex}\vec E equal to the scalar product of {tex}\vec E{tex} and {tex}\vec p{tex} equal to the vector product of \vec p{tex} and {tex}\vec E

For a thin infinitely long straight wire of uniform linear charge density at a distance R from the wire

The magnitude of E

is

For an Infinite thin plane sheet of uniform surface charge density texThemagnitudeof

texE

is

A . E=20

For a thin spherical shell of uniform surface charge density , The magnitude of E just outside is

Clear An electric field can deflect

Clear Which one of the following graphs represents the variation of electric field strength E with distance r from the centre of a uniformly charged non conducting sphere?

Image B

Image C

Image D

Image A

Clear A conducting sphere of radius 5 cm is charged to 15 {tex}\mu {tex} C. Another uncharged sphere of radius 10 cm is allowed to touch it for enough time. After the two are separated, the surface density of charge on the two spheres will be in the ratio

Clear A Gaussian sphere encloses an electric dipole within it. Total flux across the sphere is

dependent on position of the charge double that due to single charge half that due to a single charge Zero

A cylinder of radius R and length L is placed in an uniform electric field E parallel to the cylinder axis. The total flux for the surface of the cylinder is given by

C .0

When a negatively charged conductor is connected to earth,

Electrons flow from the conductor to the earth Protons flow from the conductor to the earth Electrons flow from the earth to the conductor

An uncharged sphere of metal is placed inside a charged parallel plate capacitor. The lines of force look like Correct option is B

Correct option is A

Correct option is C

Correct option is D

Clear

Answer Sheet

General 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Submit Test

Previous A hollow spherical conductor of radius 2m carries a charge of 500 C. Then electric field strength at its surface is

Zero

Clear A tennis ball which has been covered with charges is suspended by a thread so that it hangs between two metal plates. One plate is earthed, while other is attracted to a high voltage generator. The ball

hangs without moving is attracted to the high voltage plate and stays there

swings backward & forward hitting each plate in turn is repelled by earthed plate and stays there.

Clear A metallic solid sphere is placed in a uniform electric field. In the figure, which path will the lines of force follow?

Eight dipoles of charges of magnitude e are placed inside a cube. The total electric flux coming out of the cube will be

16eo

A .8eo

eo

Zero

A charge q is placed at the center of the line joining two equal charges Q. The system of the three charges will be in equilibrium if q is equal to

Four point charges qA=2C,qB=5C,qC=2C,andqD=5C are located at the corners of a square ABCD of side 10 cm. Force on a charge of 1C placed at the centre of the square is

A system has two charges qA=2.5107C and qB=2.5107C located at points A: (0, 0, 15 cm) and B: (0,0, +15 cm), respectively. What are the total charge and electric dipole moment of the system?

An electric dipole with dipole moment 4109C m is aligned at 30 with the direction of a uniform electric field of magnitude 5104NC1. Calculate the magnitude of the torque acting on the dipole.

Two insulated charged copper spheres A and B have their centres separated by a distance of 50 cm. What is the mutual force of electrostatic repulsion if the charge on each is 6.5107C? The radii of A and B are negligible compared to the distance of separation.

B 2.5102N

Clear Two insulated charged copper spheres A and B have their centres separated by a distance of 50 cm and have identical sizes. A third sphere of the same size but uncharged is brought in contact with the first, then brought in contact with the second, and finally removed from both. What is the new

A 3.7103/N

Consider a uniform electric field E=3103N/C. (a) What is the flux of this field through a square of 10 cm on a side whose plane is parallel to the yz plane? (b) What is the flux through the same square if the normal to its plane makes a 60 angle with the x-axis?

A 20Nm2/C,15Nm2/C

Clear Careful measurement of the electric field at the surface of a black box indicates that the net outward flux through the surface of the box is 8.0103Nm2/C. (a) What is the net charge inside the box? (b) If the net outward flux through the surface of the box were zero, could you conclude that there were no charges inside the box?

A point charge of 2.0 C is at the centre of a cubic Gaussian surface 9.0 cm on edge. What is the net electric flux through the surface?

2.2105Nm2/C 2.1105Nm2/C

A 1.7105Nm2/C

1.9105Nm2/C

Clear point charge causes an electric flux of 1.0103Nm2/C to pass through a spherical Gaussian surface of 10.0 cm radius centred on the charge. (a) If the radius of the Gaussian surface were doubled, how much flux would pass through the surface? (b) What is the value of the point charge?

B 103Nm2/C,8.8nC

A point charge + q is placed at the mid point of a cube of side L. The electric flux emerging from the cube is

qo

zero

q6L2o qL2o

A uniformly charged conducting sphere of 2.4 m diameter has a surface charge density of 80.0C/m2. (a) Find the charge on the sphere. (b) What is the total electric flux leaving the surface of the sphere?

A 1.25103C,1.2108Nm2/C

Clear Gravitational force is the smallest between

two pens weighing 100gms at a distance of 0.4 m earth and the sun

earth and the sun two books of weight 1kg each at a distance of 1 m

Clear A solid metallic sphere has a charge + 3Q. Concentric with this sphere is a conducting spherical shell having charge Q. The radius of the sphere is a and that of spherical shell is b (b>a). The electric field at a distance R (a<r)

A . 4Q40R2

3Q40R 3Q40R2 Q40R

Six charges, each equal to + q, are placed at the corners of a regular hexagon of side a. The electric field at the point of intersection of diagonals is

Zero

14o.6qa2 14o.3q2a2 14o.qa2

A pendulum bob of mass m carrying a charge q is at rest with its string making an angle with the vertical in a uniform horizontal electric field E. The tension in the string is

qEcos

mg

mgsin qEsin

A particle of mass m and charge q is released from rest in a uniform electric field E. The kinetic energy attained by the particle after moving a distance x is

There is a uniform field of strength 103Vm1 along the y-axis. A body of mass 1 g and qEx charge 106C is projected into the field from the origin along the positive x-axis with a velocity of 10ms1. Its speed (in ms1 after 10 second will be (neglect gravitation)

10.0 20.0

102 52

A uniformly charged thin spherical shell of radius R carries uniform surface charge density of {tex}\sigma {tex} per unit area. It is made of two hemispherical shells, held together by pressing them with force F(See figure). F is proportional to

Two charges A = -2.50 C and B = 6.0 C are at a distance of 1 meter from each other. Distance from A at which the electric field is zero in meters is

A long, hollow conducting cylinder is kept coaxially inside another long, hollow conducting cylinder of larger radius. Both the cylinders are initially electrically neutral.

A potential difference appears between the two cylinders when a charge density is given to the

inner cylinder. No potential difference appears between the two cylinders when a uniform line charge is kept along the axis of the cylinders. A potential difference appears between the two cylinders when a charge density is given to the outer cylinder. No potential difference appears between the two cylinders when same charge density is given to both the cylinders.

Clear Consider a neutral conducting sphere. A positive point charge is placed outside the sphere. The net charge on the sphere is then,

Zero. Negative and distributed nonuniformly over the entire surface of the sphere Negative and appears only at the point on the sphere closest to the point charge Negative and distributed uniformly over the surface of the sphere.

Clear Two equal positive charges q1 = q2 = 2.0 C are located at x = 0, y =0.3 and x =0 and y = -0.3 m respectively. What are the magnitude and direction of the total electric force (expressed in Newton and degrees counter clockwise w.r.t x - axis) that q1 and q2 exert on a third charge Q = 4.0 C at x =0.4 and y = 0 m

Positive and negative point charges of equal magnitude are kept at ( 0,0,a/2) and (0,0,-a/2) respectively. The work done by the electric field when another positive point charge is moved from

(-a,0,0) to (0,a,0) is

depends on the path connecting the initial and final positions positive negative Zero

Clear A disk of radius a/4 having a uniformly distributed charge 6C is placed in the x-y plane with its centre at (a/2, 0, 0). A rod of length a carrying a uniformly distributed charge 8C is placed on the xaxis from x = a/4 to x = 5a/4. Two point charges 7C and 3C are placed at (a/4, a/4, 0) and (3a/4, 3a/4, 0), respectively. Consider a cubical surface formed by six surfaces x=a/2,y=a/2,z=a/2. The electric flux through this cubical surface is

2C0

B . 2C0

12C0 10C0

Three concentric metallic spherical shells of radii R, 2R, 3R, are given charges Q1, Q2, Q3, respectively. It is found that the surface charge densities on the outer surfaces of the shells are equal. Then, the ratio of the charges given to the shells, Q1: Q2: Q3, is

it is 1:03:05

Three concentric metallic spherical shells of radii R, 2R, 3R, are given charges Q1, Q2, Q3, respectively. It is found that the surface charge densities on the outer surfaces of the shells are equal. Then, the ratio of the charges given to the shells, Q1: Q2: Q3, is

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