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13/14 Semester 1

Chemical Engineering Drawing

Instructor: Rama Oktavian Email: rama.oktavian@ub.ac.id Office Hr.: M.13-15, W. 13-15 Th. 13-15, F. 13-15

Outlines

1. P&ID definition 2. P&ID symbols

3. P&ID drawing

Block Flow Diagram (BFD)

ProcessP&ID Flow Diagram (PFD)

PROCESS DIAGRAMS
Process equipments symbol and numbering Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)

P&ID
Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams or simply P&IDs are the schematics used in the field of instrumentation and control (Automation)
The P&ID is used to by field techs, engineers, and operators to better understand the process and how the instrumentation is inter connected. Contains: plant construction information (piping, process, instrumentation, and other diagrams)

P&ID
Also known as PROCESS & INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM
Detailed graphical representation of a process including the hardware and software (i.e piping, equipment, and instrumentation) necessary to design, construct and operate the facility.

P&ID
Basic Loop
Process

Sensing Element

Final Control Element

Measuring Element

Transmitter

Transmit Element

Control Element

P&ID
Basic Loop
Set point

Controller
Transmitter

Fluid

Fluid

Orifice (Flow Sensor)

P&ID
Temperature process

P&ID
Temperature process

P&ID
ISA S5.1 Identification Letters

P&ID
Example

P&ID
Instrument location

P&ID
Instrument location

Instruments that are field mounted. -Instruments that are mounted on process plant (i.e sensor that mounted on pipeline or process equipments.

Field mounted on pipeline

P&ID
Instrument location Instruments that are board mounted -Instruments that are mounted on control board.

P&ID
Instrument location Instruments that are board mounted (invisible). -Instruments that are mounted behind a control panel board.

P&ID
Shared display/shared control

P&ID
Shared display/shared control Instruments that are functioned in Distributed Control System (DCS) - A distributed control system (DCS) refers to a control system usually of a manufacturing system, process or any kind of dynamic system, in which the controller elements are not central in location (like the brain) but are distributed throughout the system with each component sub-system controlled by one or more controllers. The entire system of controllers is connected by networks for communication and monitoring.

P&ID
Summary of instrument type and location

P&ID
Instrumentation symbol

P&ID
Signal line symbol

P&ID
Valve symbol

P&ID
Principle of P&ID

Example 1

With using these following symbols;

LC

LC

LV 100

V-100
LT Complete control loop for LCV 101

LCV 101

P&ID
Principle of P&ID Example 2
With using these following symbology;

PRV-100

PE
PIC

Where PE is locally mounted on V-100


Where PT is locally mounted

PE

V-100
PT

PT

PIC

Where PIC is function in DCS

Draw control loop to show that PRV-100 will be activated to relief pressure when the pressure in the V-100 is higher than desired value.

P&ID
pHIC 2 Principle of P&ID
pHE 1 pHT 1 pHIC 1

pHTE 2

pHT 2

pHIC 2

CV-102

TK-102 (base feed tank)

pHT 2 pHT 1 pHE 2 pHE 1 pHIC 1

The diagram shows pH adjustment; part of waste water treatment process. With using above symbols, draw control loop where the process need is: The process shall maintained at pH 6. When the process liquid states below pH 6, CV-102 will be opened to dosing NaOH in the base feed tank. When the process liquid states above pH 6, CV-101 will be operated to dosing HCl in the acid fed tank.

TK-100 (pH adjustment tank)

CV-101

TK-101 (acid feed tank)

P&ID

P&ID

P&ID

P&ID