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Nokia Siemens Networks GSM/EDGE BSS, rel. RG10(BSS), operating documentation, issue 04 Feature description BCCH

Nokia Siemens Networks GSM/EDGE BSS, rel. RG10(BSS), operating documentation, issue 04

Feature description

BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

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BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

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Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment. Some of the parts may also have elevated operating temperatures.

Non-observance of these conditions and the safety instructions can result in personal injury or in property damage.

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The same text in German:

Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit

In elektrischen Anlagen stehen zwangsläufig bestimmte Teile der Geräte unter Span- nung. Einige Teile können auch eine hohe Betriebstemperatur aufweisen.

Eine Nichtbeachtung dieser Situation und der Warnungshinweise kann zu Körperverlet- zungen und Sachschäden führen.

Deshalb wird vorausgesetzt, dass nur geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal die Anlagen installiert und wartet.

Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950 / IEC 60950. Angeschlossene Geräte müssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfüllen.

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BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

Table of Contents

This document has 11 pages.

Summary of

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Overview of BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

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Technical description of BCCH Super-reuse

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2.1

BCCH Super-reuse on a regular

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2.2

BCCH Super-reuse on a super layer

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3

Requirements for BCCH Super-reuse

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BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

List of Figures

Figure 1

BCCH Super-reuse on a regular layer

 

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Figure 2

BCCH Super-reuse on a super layer

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BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

Summary of changes

Summary of changes

Changes between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains all changes made to previous issues.

Changes made between issues 3 and 2

In Overview of BCCH Super-reuse in BSC, the references have been improved.

Changes made between issues 2 and 1

The document has been revised throughout to comply with the latest documentation standards. No changes have been made due to changes in software.

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Overview of BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

1 Overview of BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

BCCH Super-reuse in BSC introduces two solutions of getting more capacity in a single- layer network where other solutions such as the multi-layer network are not applicable because of the limited frequency band in use.

The BCCH frequencies from a BCCH layer are reused for building a super layer. The reuse of the BCCH frequencies on a super layer without interfering with the same fre- quencies on a BCCH layer is possible by attenuating the maximum allowed transmis- sion power of the super-reused TRX and by using RF hopping on a super layer. However, the reuse of the serving cell BCCH frequency is not possible on a super layer of the same cell.

There are two types of super-reused TRXs:

a super-reused TRX (SR TRX) with a FRT 1-15

a BCCH super-reused TRX (BSR TRX) with a FRT 16

BCCH Super-reuse in BSC is an application software in the BSC. It uses the handover procedures and statistics of Handover Support for Coverage Enhancements or Enhanced Coverage by Frequency Hopping.

Related topics in BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

Technical description of BCCH Super-reuse

Requirements for BCCH Super-reuse

Other related topics in BSC/TCSM documentation

Test and Activate

Radio Network Performance

BSS11155: BCCH Super-reuse

Activating and testing BSS11155: BCCH Super-reuse

Reference

Parameters

BSS Radio Network Parameter Dictionary

Descriptions

Feature descriptions

Radio Network Performance

Enhanced Coverage by Frequency Hopping

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Macrocellular

Handover Support for Coverage Enhancements

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Technical description of BCCH Super-reuse

2 Technical description of BCCH Super-reuse

2.1 BCCH Super-reuse on a regular layer

In this solution the BCCH frequencies from the regular layer are reused for building a super layer. The reuse of the BCCH frequencies without interfering with the same fre- quencies on a regular layer is possible by attenuating the maximum allowed transmis- sion power of the BCCH Super-reuse (BSR) TRX and by using RF hopping on a BSR layer (BSR TRXs are hopping over neighbour BCCH frequencies). Attenuation is managed with the BS TX pwr offset (POFF) parameter.

The attenuation is taken into account in a call setup and in handover when evaluating the usability of a BSR TRX. It is managed by decreasing the value of downlink signal strength by the value of the TRX-specific parameter level adjustment 1-10 (L1-

L10).

g To get the maximum transmission power of the BSR TRX attenuated and the level adjustment taken into account, the TRX frequency type (FRT) of the BSR TRXs has to be set to 16.

g If there are several BSR TRXs, the level adjustment is taken from the TRX with the highest level adjustment value.

g The parameters BS TX pwr offset (POFF) and level adjustment 1–10 (L1–L10) must be set to the same value.

Call setup

Call setup from an SDCCH channel of a regular TRX to a TCH channel of a BSR TRX is managed with the SDCCH direct access. For more information, see Handover Support for Coverage Enhancement.

Handover management

Handover management between the layers is handled with Handover Support for Coverage Enhancement (HSCE). That is, the handover from a regular layer to a BSR layer, and vice versa, is based on downlink signal strength measurements. In addition, the timing advance has to meet the requirements before a handover from a regular layer to a BSR layer can be performed. For more information, see Handover Support for Coverage Enhancement.

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Regular

BCCH

BSR TRX

Figure 1

BCCH Super-reuse on a regular layer

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Technical description of BCCH Super-reuse

BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

2.2 BCCH Super-reuse on a super layer

In this solution the BCCH is on a super layer. This allows tighter reuse of the BCCH fre- quencies, leaving the frequencies free for regular TRXs and thus giving more coverage and capacity. In addition, the BCCH frequencies are reused for building an additional BSR layer. The reuse of the BCCH frequencies without interfering with the same fre- quencies on the BCCH layer is possible by attenuating the maximum allowed transmis- sion power of the additional BSR layer TRXs and by using RF hopping on that layer (BSR TRXs on additional BSR layer are hopping over neighbour BCCH frequencies). The attenuation is managed with the parameter BS TX pwr offset (POFF).

The attenuation is taken into account in call setup and in handover when evaluating the usability of a BSR TRX. It is managed by decreasing the value of the downlink signal strength by the value of the TRX-specific parameter level adjustment 1–10 (L1–

L10).

g

To get the maximum transmission power of the BSR TRX attenuated and the level adjustment taken into account, the TRX frequency type (FRT) of the BSR TRXs has to be set to 16.

g

If there are several BSR TRXs, the level adjustment is taken from a TRX with the highest level adjustment value.

Call setup

Call setup from an SDCCH channel of a SR TRX to a TCH channel of BSR TRX is managed with the direct access. For more information, see Enhanced Coverage by Fre- quency Hopping.

Handover management

Handover management between the layers is handled with Enhanced Coverage by Fre- quency Hopping. That is, a handover from a regular layer to a super layer and vice versa is based on downlink signal strength measurements. In addition, the timing advance has to meet the requirements before a handover from a regular layer to a super layer can be performed. For more information, see Enhanced Coverage by Frequency Hopping.

Handover from one super group to another (Inter-FRT handover) is also possible. When the call is handed over from a BSR TRX, an SR TRX is the first choice. If an SR TRX is not available, a regular TRX can be used.

g Inter-FRT handover has to be enabled in order to get handovers work between the super groups.

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Technical description of BCCH Super-reuse

Regular 2 Regular 1 SR TRX BSR TRX
Regular 2
Regular 1
SR TRX
BSR TRX

Figure 2

For an overview, see Overview of BCCH Super-reuse in BSC.

BCCH Super-reuse on a super layer

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Requirements for BCCH Super-reuse

BCCH Super-reuse in BSC

3 Requirements for BCCH Super-reuse

Super TRX priorisation in SDCCH direct access

When performing the direct access, the level adjustment is taken into account in the evaluation of the BSR TRXs. All the other super groups are evaluated as in the original direct access.

When evaluating the BSR TRXs for direct access, the measured downlink signal strength is decreased by the factor of the level adjustment as shown in the equation below:

RXLEV_DL - LevelAdjustmentIntf1(k) > direct access level(k)

The evaluation of the SR TRXs is performed with the following equation:

RXLEV_DL > direct access level(k)

'k' in the equation indicates the relevant Super-reused TRX.

The parameter direct access level (DAL) is a TRX-specific parameter. The highest DAL inside one TRX frequency type is always selected for calculations. The same principle also applies to level adjustment.

In channel allocation the BSR TRXs override the SR TRXs.

TCH handover from a regular layer to a super layer

When performing a level-based handover from a regular TRX to a BSR TRX, the BSR TRXs are evaluated by taking the level adjustment into account. The equation below is used:

AV_RXLEV_DL_HO + (BS TX pwr max - BS TX pwr) - LevelAdjustmentInt1(k) >= SuperReuseGoodRxLevThreshold

In channel allocation the BSR TRXs override the SR TRXs.

The evaluation of the SR TRXs is performed with the following equation:

AV_RXLEV_DL_HO + (BS TX pwr max - BS TX pwr) >= SuperReuseGoodRxLevThreshold

TCH handover on a super layer

When a handover takes place inside the serving TRX frequency type, the estimation of other Super-reused TRXs in the same group is not needed.

When a handover takes place from an SR TRX to a BSR TRX (Inter-FRT HO), the target BSR TRXs (FRT=16) are evaluated by taking level adjustment into account. The equation below is used:

AV_RXLEV_DL_HO + (BS TX pwr max - BS TX pwr) - LevelAdjustmentInt1(k) >= SuperReuseGoodRxLevThreshold

In channel allocation the BSR TRXs override the SR TRXs.

When a handover takes place from a BSR TRX to an SR TRX, the target SR TRXs are evaluated by taking the lower power level of the serving BSR TRX into account. The equation below is used:

AV_RXLEV_DL_HO + (BS TX pwr max - BS TX pwr offset - BS TX pwr) + LevelAdjustmentInt1(serving) >= SuperReuseGoodRxLevThreshold

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Requirements for BCCH Super-reuse

TCH handover from a super layer to a regular layer

When evaluating the need to perform a handover from a Super-reused TRX to a regular TRX, the evaluation is performed with the following equation when the call is currently on a BSR TRX:

AV_RXLEV_DL_HO + (BS TX pwr max - BS TX pwr offset - BS TX pwr) <= SuperReuseBadRxLevThreshold

The following equation is used when the call is currently on an SR TRX:

AV_RXLEV_DL_HO + (BS TX pwr max - BS TX pwr) <= SuperReuseBadRxLevThreshold

For an overview, see Overview of BCCH Super-reuse in BSC.

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