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OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System V100R008

Supporting Tasks

Issue Date Part Number

01 2008-07-30 00449023

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Notice
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but the statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

Contents

Contents
About This Document.....................................................................................................................1 1 Querying Current Alarms on T2000.......................................................................................1-1 2 Replacing Boards Onsite..........................................................................................................2-1 3 Installing the Boards..................................................................................................................3-1 4 Removing the Boards................................................................................................................4-1 5 Replacing Pluggable Optical Modules on Site....................................................................5-1 6 Software Loopback....................................................................................................................6-1
6.1 Outloop............................................................................................................................................................6-3 6.2 Inloop..............................................................................................................................................................6-3 6.3 Loopback at an SDH Interface........................................................................................................................6-4 6.4 Loopback at a VC-4 Path................................................................................................................................6-5 6.5 Loopback at a PDH Interface..........................................................................................................................6-6 6.6 Loopback at an Ethernet Interface...................................................................................................................6-7 6.7 Loopback at a VC-3 Path on the Ethernet Board............................................................................................6-7 6.8 Looping Back the Port on the ATM Board.....................................................................................................6-8 6.9 Loopback Example..........................................................................................................................................6-9

7 Hardware Loopback...................................................................................................................7-1 8 Resetting Boards.........................................................................................................................8-1


8.1 Resetting the GSCC Board..............................................................................................................................8-2 8.2 Resetting Other Boards...................................................................................................................................8-2 8.3 Resetting Boards by NM.................................................................................................................................8-2

9 Testing Received Optical Power.............................................................................................9-1 10 Testing Transmitted Optical Power...................................................................................10-1 11 Powering on the Equipment................................................................................................11-1 12 Powering off the Equipment................................................................................................12-1 13 Enabling/Disabling Lasers...................................................................................................13-1 14 Querying Optical Power on the T2000...............................................................................14-1
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Contents

OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

15 Viewing the Board Information Report.............................................................................15-1 16 Viewing the Board Manufacturer Information Report...................................................16-1 17 Querying Working Temperature........................................................................................17-1 18 Checking Enabling Status of the Board Version Replacement Function...................18-1 19 Inspecting and Cleaning the Fiber-Optical Connectors.................................................19-1
19.1 Overview.....................................................................................................................................................19-2 19.2 Protection of Optical Fiber Connectors.......................................................................................................19-3 19.3 Inspecting Optical Connectors....................................................................................................................19-4 19.4 Cleaning Fiber Connector...........................................................................................................................19-7 19.4.1 Cleaning Optical Fiber Connectors Using Cartridge Cleaners..........................................................19-7 19.4.2 Cleaning Optical Fiber Connectors Using Lens Tissue...................................................................19-10 19.4.3 Cleaning Optical Adapters Using Optical Cleaning Sticks..............................................................19-12 19.4.4 Cleaning Optical Attenuators and Flanges.......................................................................................19-14

Index.................................................................................................................................................i-1

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Figures

Figures
Figure 2-1 Remove a board..................................................................................................................................2-1 Figure 2-2 Install a board.....................................................................................................................................2-2 Figure 3-1 Wearing the ESD wrist strap..............................................................................................................3-2 Figure 3-2 Removing the blank filler panel.........................................................................................................3-2 Figure 3-3 Inserting a board.................................................................................................................................3-3 Figure 4-1 Removing a board ..............................................................................................................................4-2 Figure 5-1 Flow diagram of replacing the pluggable optical module..................................................................5-2 Figure 5-2 Method of inserting and removing the pluggable optical module......................................................5-3 Figure 6-1 Loopback example..............................................................................................................................6-9 Figure 7-1 Difference between hardware loopback and software loopback........................................................7-1 Figure 9-1 Diagram for testing the received optical power..................................................................................9-1 Figure 10-1 Diagram for testing the transmitted optical power.........................................................................10-1 Figure 11-1 Mapping between the power switch of the subrack and the PIU board.........................................11-1 Figure 18-1 Legend for the board manufacturing information report on the T2000..........................................18-2 Figure 19-1 Optical fiber connector...................................................................................................................19-2 Figure 19-2 Protective caps recommended........................................................................................................19-3 Figure 19-3 Protective caps not recommended..................................................................................................19-4 Figure 19-4 An intact fiber.................................................................................................................................19-4 Figure 19-5 Damaged or suspect fibers..............................................................................................................19-5 Figure 19-6 An intact fiber.................................................................................................................................19-5 Figure 19-7 Acceptable fibers with imperfections.............................................................................................19-5 Figure 19-8 Unacceptable fibers with imperfections.........................................................................................19-6 Figure 19-9 CLETOP cassette cleaner...............................................................................................................19-8 Figure 19-10 Using the CLETOP cassette cleaner.............................................................................................19-9 Figure 19-11 Dragging the fiber tip lightly on one cleaning area......................................................................19-9 Figure 19-12 Dragging the fiber tip lightly on the other cleaning area............................................................19-10 Figure 19-13 Cleaning the fiber tip with the lens tissue on the desk...............................................................19-11 Figure 19-14 Cleaning the fiber tip with the lens tissue on the hand...............................................................19-12 Figure 19-15 Cleaning stick for the SC and FC optical interface (for reference only)....................................19-13 Figure 19-16 Cleaning stick for the LC optical interface (for reference only)................................................19-13

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OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

Tables

Tables
Table 6-1 Terminology.........................................................................................................................................6-1 Table 6-2 Outloop supported by the Optix OSN equipment................................................................................6-3 Table 6-3 Inloop supported by the Optix OSN equipment...................................................................................6-4 Table 7-1 Hardware loopback of SDH interfaces.................................................................................................7-2

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OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

About This Document

About This Document

Purpose
Based on various services of the OptiX OSN 3500, this document describes a collection of various common tasks for the product.

Related Versions
The following table lists the product versions related to this document. Product Name OptiX OSN 3500 OptiX iManager T2000 Version V100R008 V200R006C03

Intended Audience
The intended audiences of this document are:
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Field Maintenance Engineer Network Monitoring Engineer System Maintenance Engineer

Organization
This document provides a collection of various common tasks for the product, including field operations and T2000 operations, such as board replacement and laser opening/closing.

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About This Document

OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

Conventions
Symbol Conventions
The following symbols may be found in this document. They are defined as follows. Symbol Description

DANGER

Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk which, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury. Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could cause equipment damage, data loss, and performance degradation, or unexpected results. Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save your time. Provides more information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text.

WARNING

CAUTION
TIP

NOTE

General Conventions
Convention Times New Roman Boldface Italic Courier New Description Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman. Names of files, directories, folders, and users are in boldface. For example, log in as user root. Book titles are in italics. Terminal display is in Courier New.

Command Conventions
Convention Boldface Italic [] Description The keywords of a command line are in boldface. Command arguments are in italic. Items (keywords or arguments) in square brackets [ ] are optional.

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OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

About This Document

Convention { x | y | ... } [ x | y | ... ] { x | y | ... } *

Description Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. One is selected. Optional alternative items are grouped in square brackets and separated by vertical bars. One or none is selected. Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. A minimum of one or a maximum of all can be selected.

GUI Conventions
Convention Boldface > Description Buttons, menus, parameters, tabs, window, and dialog titles are in boldface. For example, click OK. Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">" signs. For example, choose File > Create > Folder.

Keyboard Operation
Format Key Key 1+Key 2 Key 1, Key 2 Description Press the key. For example, press Enter and press Tab. Press the keys concurrently. For example, pressing Ctrl+Alt+A means the three keys should be pressed concurrently. Press the keys in turn. For example, pressing Alt, A means the two keys should be pressed in turn.

Mouse Operation
Action Click Double-click Drag Description Select and release the primary mouse button without moving the pointer. Press the primary mouse button twice continuously and quickly without moving the pointer. Press and hold the primary mouse button and move the pointer to a certain position.

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OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

Update History
Updates between document versions are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document version contains all updates made to previous versions.

Updates in Issue 01 (2008-07-30) Based on Product Version V100R008


This document of the V100R008 version is of the first release.

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OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

1 Querying Current Alarms on T2000

1
Prerequisite Tools/Instruments
T2000

Querying Current Alarms on T2000

Querying alarms is a common operation when you replace a component. By comparing the alarms before and after a component is replaced, you can know whether the new component works normally.

You must be an NE user with "NE and network monitor" authority or higher.

Procedure
Step 1 In the Main Topology of the T2000, right-click the required NE icon, and select Browse Current Alarms to display the Browse Current Alarms dialog box. Step 2 Click Synchronize to display the Query Alarms dialog box, which displays the synchronization progress. Step 3 After synchronization, the Operation Result dialog box is displayed. Click Close. ----End

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2 Replacing Boards Onsite

2
Procedure

Replacing Boards Onsite

This section describes the basic method for replacing a board.

Step 1 Wear an ESD wrist strap. To wear an ESD wrist strap for handling the OptiX OSN 3500, see Figure 1. Step 2 Record the relationship between the interfaces and optical fibers. Step 3 Remove the optical fibers on the interfaces. Step 4 Remove a board. Hold the top and bottom ejector levers on the front panel and pull them away from the front panel at the same time. When the board is disengaged from the mother board and taken out of the slot about 1 cm away , pull out the board horizontally by using proper force. See Figure 2-1. Figure 2-1 Remove a board

Step 5 Put the board into an antistatic bag and affix a label to the bag, specifying the name of the NE and description of the fault.
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Step 6 Install a board. Hold the top and bottom ejector levers and pull them away from the front panel. Insert the board and slide it smoothly into the slot along the guide rail until the board does not slide any further. Fix the top and bottom ejector levers until you hear a click. See Figure 2-2. Figure 2-2 Install a board

Step 7 Based on the corresponding relationship between the optical fibers and interfaces, connect the fibers to the corresponding interfaces. Step 8 Observe the indicators. The STAT indicator should be green. ----End

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3 Installing the Boards

3
Prerequisite Tools/Instruments
An ESD wrist strap

Installing the Boards

This procedure guides you to install the boards into the subrack.

The subrack has been installed in the cabinet.

Required/As Needed
As Needed.

Procedure
Step 1 Wear the ESD wrist strap as shown in Figure 3-1.

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Figure 3-1 Wearing the ESD wrist strap

Step 2 If a blank filler panel is installed on the slot, open its ejector levers to draw it out, as shown in Figure 3-2. Figure 3-2 Removing the blank filler panel

Step 3 Open the ejector levers of the board with two hands. See Figure 3-3 (1).

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3 Installing the Boards

Figure 3-3 Inserting a board

Step 4 Slide the board along the guide rail into the slot until it cannot move forward. See Figure 3-3 (2). Do push the board slowly. Step 5 Close the ejector levers. See Figure 3-3 (3). ----End

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4 Removing the Boards

4
Prerequisite
None.

Removing the Boards

This procedure guides you to remove the boards from the subrack.

Tools/Instruments
An ESD wrist strap

Required/As Needed
As needed.

CAUTION
If there are any cables or fiber jumpers connected to a board, remove them first.

Procedure
Step 1 Wear the wrist strap as shown in Figure 3-1. Step 2 Open the ejector levers with two hands. When you obviously feel that the board is away from the backplane (about 1 cm), draw the board gently. See Figure 4-1.

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4 Removing the Boards

OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

Figure 4-1 Removing a board

Step 3 Put the board in an ESD bag. If this slot is no longer seated with a board, install a blank filler panel. ----End

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5 Replacing Pluggable Optical Modules on Site

Replacing Pluggable Optical Modules on Site


The OptiX OSN 3500 supports the small form pluggable (SFP) module, which is pluggable. If the optical module is faulty, replace the optical module instead of the board.

Prerequisite
You must be a T2000 user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher.

Impact on Service
Before replacing the pluggable optical module, query whether the pluggable optical module to be replaced at the optical interface is configured with protection.
l

If the protection is not configured, replacing the pluggable optical module may result in service interruption. If the protection is configured and the MSP or SNCP protection switching is normal, replacing the optical module does not affect the services.

Tools/Instruments
Anti-static bag, T2000

Reference
Figure 5-1 shows the flow diagram of replacing the pluggable optical module.

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OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

Figure 5-1 Flow diagram of replacing the pluggable optical module


Start Query current board alarms Query network protection configuration On the T2000, configure the MSP protection on the equipment Replace the faulty optical module On the T2000, cancel the MSP switching End

In the following description, the equipment configured with the MSP protection is used as an example to describe the replacement procedure for pluggable optical modules.

Procedure
Step 1 On the T2000, query the current alarms of the board whose optical module need be replaced. For details, see 1 Querying Current Alarms on T2000. Step 2 On the T2000, check whether the MSP protection is configured on the equipment. If the protection is not configured, go to Step 4. Step 3 On the T2000, configure the MSP switching on the equipment. 1. 2. 3. 4. Right-click the NE icon, and choose NE Explorer. Choose Configuration > Ring MS from the Function Tree. Select the board whose optical module need be replaced, and then right-click and choose Exercise. Then, observe whether the MSP switching is normal. Query the alarms and performance events on the T2000. Ensure that no new alarms and performance events occur and that services are normal. If the service is normal, no new alarms and performance events occur (exclusive of the MSP-related APS_INDI and MS_APS_INDI_EX alarms and performance events), and the switching is successful. Right-click the icon of the board whose optical module need be replaced, and then choose Forced Switching.

5.

Step 4 Replace the faulty optical module.

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NOTE

5 Replacing Pluggable Optical Modules on Site

l l

When inserting the optical module, do not connect fiber jumper to the optical interface. Do not reversely insert the optical module. If the optical module cannot be completely inserted in one direction, change a direction to insert the optical module without pushing the optical module with strength. When the optical module is properly and completely inserted, you can hear a click from the spring chip of the optical module.

Figure 5-2 shows the method of replacing the pluggable optical module. Figure 5-2 Method of inserting and removing the pluggable optical module

Pull the safty latch to pull out the pluggable optical module from the port.

Removing the pluggable optical module

Inserting the pluggable optical module

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Remove the fiber jumper at the optical interface. Pull out the optical module gently by the bayonet lock. Put the removed faulty optical module in the antistatic bag. Select a new optical module whose type and specifications are consistent with those of the original one. Insert the optical module to the socket of the board. Observe the indicators on the board, the green one should be on. Test the receive and transmit optical power, which should be compliant with the engineering file. Insert the fiber jumper into the optical interface correctly.

Step 5 On the T2000, release the MSP switching. 1. 2. 3. Right-click the NE icon, and choose NE Explorer. Choose Configuration > Ring MS from the Function Tree. Select the board whose optical module need be replaced, and then right-click and choose Clear.
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NOTE

OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

You can clear the switching configuration only when the board of which the optical module to be replaced works normally.

4.

Query the alarms and performance events on the T2000. Ensure that no new alarms and performance events (exclusive of the alarms and performance events caused by clearing the switching configuration) occur and that services are normal. If the services are abnormal, go to Step 2.

----End

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6 Software Loopback

6
About This Chapter
Table 6-1 Terminology Term Upstream station Meaning

Software Loopback

There are some terms that you need to know about before maintaining the equipment. Table 6-1 lists the terms that you need to know. The understanding of these terms helps to facilitate the troubleshooting process.

Legend
NE1 NE2 NE3

For a receiving station, the transmitting station and stations being passed through are all its upstream stations. In the figure at the right, NE1 and NE2 are upstream stations of NE3. The service signals can be plesiochronous digital hierarchy (PDH) signal, synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) signal, embedded control channel (ECC) signal or orderwire signal. Contrary to an upstream site, NE2 and NE3 are downstream stations of NE1.

Service direction

Downstrea m station

NE1

NE2

NE3

Service direction

Opposite station

An opposite station is defined based on the service. In the figure at the right, if NE1 is the local station, NE2 is the opposite station of NE1 in service 1; whereas in service 2, NE3 is the opposite station of NE1.

NE1

NE2

NE3

Service 1

Service 2

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Term Adjacent station

Meaning The adjacent station is used to describe the fiber connection. For example, NE1 is the adjacent station of NE2, NE2 is the adjacent site of NE1 and NE3 and NE3 is the adjacent station of NE2.

Legend
NE1 NE2 NE3

6.1 Outloop The SDH optical interface board, PDH electrical interface board, Ethernet interface board and ATM board all support outloop. 6.2 Inloop The SDH optical interface board, PDH electrical interface board, Ethernet interface board and ATM board all support inloop 6.3 Loopback at an SDH Interface This section describes how to loop back an optical interface on the SDH optical interface board. 6.4 Loopback at a VC-4 Path This section describes how to loop back a VC-4 service on the SDH optical interface board. 6.5 Loopback at a PDH Interface This section describes how to loop back a PDH electrical interface board. 6.6 Loopback at an Ethernet Interface This section describes how to loop back an Ethernet port. 6.7 Loopback at a VC-3 Path on the Ethernet Board This section describes how to loop back a VC-3 service on the Ethernet board. 6.8 Looping Back the Port on the ATM Board This section describes how to loop back a port on the ATM board. 6.9 Loopback Example This example is to test a VC-12 service trail in a chain network. The trail passes only three NEs (NE1, NE2 and NE3).

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6 Software Loopback

6.1 Outloop
The SDH optical interface board, PDH electrical interface board, Ethernet interface board and ATM board all support outloop. Table 6-2 lists the outloop supported by different types of boards. Table 6-2 Outloop supported by the Optix OSN equipment Loopback board SDH optical interface board Description Loop back the signal inside the board, from the optical receiving module to the optical transmitting module. Legend

CrossPDH Electrical connect SDH optical interface board unit interface board
board

PDH electrical interface board

Send the signal from the receiving port inside the board, back to the transmitting port.

PDH Electrical Cross-connect interface board unit

SDH optical interface board

Ethernet processing board with interface or Ethernet interface board ATM board

Send the signal from the receiving port inside the board, back to the transmitting port.

Ethernet Cross-connect interface board unit

SDH optical interface board

Send the signal inside the board, from the receiving port back to the transmitting port.

ATM board

Cross-connect unit

SDH optical interface board

After the outloop setting on boards, use a BER tester to test whether the data processing modules of boards connect properly with the external cables.

6.2 Inloop
The SDH optical interface board, PDH electrical interface board, Ethernet interface board and ATM board all support inloop Table 6-3 lists the inloop supported by different types of boards.

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Table 6-3 Inloop supported by the Optix OSN equipment Loopback board SDH optical interface board Description Send the signal inside the board, back to the cross-connect unit. Legend
PDH interface board Cross-connect unit SDH interface board

PDH electrical interface board

Send the signal inside the board, back to the cross-connect unit.

PDH interface board

Cross-connect unit

SDH interface board

Ethernet processing board with interface or Ethernet interface board

Send the signal inside the board, back to the cross-connect unit. Ethernet electrical interface board supports port inloop at PHY layer and MAC layer respectively.

Ethernet interface board

Cross-connect unit

SDH optical interface

ATM board

Send the signal inside the board, back to the cross-connect unit.

ATM board

Cross-connect unit

SDH interface

After the inloop setting on boards, use a BER tester to test whether the cross-connect unit and the service trail work normally.

6.3 Loopback at an SDH Interface


This section describes how to loop back an optical interface on the SDH optical interface board.

Prerequisite
You must be an NE user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher. To test whether the interface module and external cables of a board are normal, you need to set an outloop. To test whether the cross-connect unit and service path of the equipment are normal, you need to set an inloop.

Impact on Services
In the case of non-protection, the loopback may interrupt the services or the communication signals.
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6 Software Loopback

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Procedure
Step 1 In the Main Topology of the T2000, select the NE to be looped back. Step 2 Right-click the NE icon in the Main Topology and select NE Explorer. Step 3 Select the board from the Object Tree and select Configuration > SDH Interface from the Function Tree. Step 4 Select By Function. Select Optical (Electrical) Interface Loopback. Step 5 Select the port and select the loopback mode Inloop or Outloop. Step 6 Click Apply. The confirm dialog box is displayed. Click OK. Step 7 The Operation Result dialog box is displayed and indicates that the operation is successful. Click Close. ----End

6.4 Loopback at a VC-4 Path


This section describes how to loop back a VC-4 service on the SDH optical interface board.

Prerequisite
You must be an NE user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher. To test whether the interface module and external cables of a board are normal, you need to set an outloop. To test whether the cross-connect unit and service path of the equipment are normal, you need to set an inloop.

Impact on Services
In the case of non-protection, the loopback may interrupt the services or the communication signals.

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Procedure
Step 1 In the Main Topology of the T2000, select the NE to be looped back. Step 2 Right-click the NE icon in the Main Topology and select NE Explorer. Step 3 Select the board from the Object Tree and select Configuration > SDH Interface from the Function Tree.
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Step 4 Select By Function. Select VC4 Loopback. Step 5 Select the VC-4 and select the loopback mode Inloop or Outloop. Step 6 Click Apply. The confirm dialog box is displayed. Click OK. Step 7 The Operation Result dialog box is displayed and indicates that the operation is successful. Click Close. ----End

6.5 Loopback at a PDH Interface


This section describes how to loop back a PDH electrical interface board.

Prerequisite
You must be an NE user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher. To test whether the interface module and external cables of a board are normal, you need to set an outloop. To test whether the cross-connect unit and service path of the equipment are normal, you need to set an inloop.

Impact on Services
In the case of non-protection, the loopback may interrupt the services or the communication signals.

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Procedure
Step 1 In the Main Topology of the T2000, select the NE to be looped back. Step 2 Right-click the NE icon in the Main Topology and select NE Explorer. Step 3 Select the board from the Object Tree and select Configuration > PDH Interface from the Function Tree. Step 4 Select By Function. Select Tributary Loopback. Step 5 Select the port and select the loopback mode Inloop or Outloop. Step 6 Click Apply. The confirm dialog box is displayed. Click OK. Step 7 The Operation Result dialog box is displayed and indicates that the operation is successful. Click Close. ----End
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6 Software Loopback

6.6 Loopback at an Ethernet Interface


This section describes how to loop back an Ethernet port.

Prerequisite
You must be an NE user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher. To test whether the interface module and external cables of a board are normal, you need to set an outloop. To test whether the cross-connect unit and service path of the equipment are normal, you need to set an inloop.

Impact on Services
In the case of non-protection, the loopback may interrupt the services or the communication signals.

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Procedure
Step 1 In the Main Topology of the T2000, select the NE to be looped back. Step 2 Right-click the NE icon in the Main Topology and select NE Explorer. Step 3 Select the board from the Object Tree and select Configuration > Ethernet Interface Management > Ethernet Interface from the Function Tree. Step 4 Select External Port , and select the loopback mode MAC Loopback or PHY Loopback. Step 5 Click Apply. The confirm dialog box is displayed. Click OK. Step 6 The Operation Result dialog box is displayed and indicates that the operation is successful. Click Close. ----End

6.7 Loopback at a VC-3 Path on the Ethernet Board


This section describes how to loop back a VC-3 service on the Ethernet board.

Prerequisite
You must be an NE user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher. To test whether the interface module and external cables of a board are normal, you need to set an outloop. To test whether the cross-connect unit and service path of the equipment are normal, you need to set an inloop.
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Impact on Services
In the case of non-protection, the loopback may interrupt the services or the communication signals.

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Related Information
The VC-3 loopback can be set only after services are configured on the Ethernet board. Boards with different versions support different loopback modes at the VC-3 level.

Procedure
Step 1 In the main view of the T2000, select the NE to be looped back. Step 2 Right-click the NE icon in the Main Topology and select NE Explorer. Step 3 Select the board from the Object Tree and select Configuration > SDH Interface from the Function Tree. Step 4 Select By Function. Select VC3 Loopback. Step 5 Select the VC-3 and select the loopback mode Inloop or Outloop. Step 6 Click Apply. The confirm dialog box is displayed. Click OK. Step 7 The Operation Result dialog box is displayed and indicates that the operation is successful. Click Close. ----End

6.8 Looping Back the Port on the ATM Board


This section describes how to loop back a port on the ATM board.

Prerequisite
You must be an NE user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher. To test whether the interface module and external cables of a board are normal, you need to set an outloop. To test whether the cross-connect unit and service path of the equipment are normal, you need to set an inloop.

Impact on Services
In the case of non-protection, the loopback may interrupt the services or the communication signals.

Tools/Instruments
T2000
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6 Software Loopback

Procedure
Step 1 In the Main Topology of the T2000, select the NE to be looped back. Step 2 Right-click the NE icon in the Main Topology and select NE Explorer. Step 3 Select the board from the Object Tree and select Configuration > ATM Interface Management from the Function Tree. Step 4 Select External Port, and select the loopback mode Inloop or Outloop. Step 5 Click Apply. The confirm dialog box is displayed. Click OK. Step 6 The Operation Result dialog box is displayed and indicates that the operation is successful. Click Close. ----End

6.9 Loopback Example


This example is to test a VC-12 service trail in a chain network. The trail passes only three NEs (NE1, NE2 and NE3).

Prerequisite
You must be an NE user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher.

Tools/Instruments
T2000, BER tester

Context
As shown in Figure 6-1. The OptiX OSN 3500 provides a series of loopback modes to trace the signal and locate the fault. Figure 6-1 Loopback example
NE1
CrossSDH Iinterface boar connect unit d east SDH interface board west SDH interface board

NE2

east

west

NE3

SDH interface Crossboard connect unit

SDH interface SDH Iinterface Crossboar board connect unit d

PDH interface board

PDH interface board

PDH interface board

BER Tester

BER Tester

WARNING
Because the loopback may interrupt the services, you need to select an idle path to perform the test.

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Procedure
Step 1 Outloop the PDH interface board in NE1 to test whether any failure point occurs between the digital distribution frame (DDF) in NE1 on the PDH electrical interface board. You need to test the DDF port corresponding to the path, and the cable between the DDF and the PDH interface board, the PDH interface board, and the PDH processing board. 1. 2. 3. 4. Connect a BER tester to the port to be tested and set the tester correctly. Use the T2000 to set outloop on the port to be tested. See 6.5 Loopback at a PDH Interface. Switch on the BER tester, which sends test signals to the loopback circuit. Check whether the BER tester receives any bit errors.
l l

If there are no bit errors, release the loop. If there is a bit error, the error may be caused by the following:

PDH processing board fault PDH interface board fault The cable between PDH interface board and BER tester is faulty. (The BER tester connects to the PDH interface) The cable between PDH interface board and DDF is faulty. (The BER tester connects to the DDF)

5.

Replace components.
l l l

Replace the faulty board Replace the faulty cable Check the interface

Step 2 Cancel the previous loopback setting. Inloop the west SDH interface board in NE1 to test whether any failure point occurs between the NE1 cross-connect and timing board and the NE1 east SDH optical interface board. 1. 2. 3. 4. Connect a BER tester to the port to be tested and set the tester correctly. Use the T2000 to set inloop on the port to be tested. See 6.5 Loopback at a PDH Interface. Switch on the BER tester, which sends test signals to the loopback circuit. Check whether the BER tester receives any bit errors.
l l

If there are no bit errors, release the loop. If there is a bit error, the error may be caused by the following:

SDH board fault Cross-connect board fault

5.

Replace the faulty board.

Step 3 Cancel the previous loopback setting. Outloop the west SDH interface board in NE2 to test whether any failure point occurs between the west optical interface board in NE2 and the fiber from NE1 to NE2. 1. 2. Connect a BER tester to the port to be tested and set the tester correctly. Use the T2000 to set outloop on the port to be tested. See 6.5 Loopback at a PDH Interface.
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6 Software Loopback

3. 4.

Switch on the BER tester, which sends test signals to the loopback circuit. Check whether the BER tester receives any bit errors.
l l

If there are bit errors, release the loop. If there is a bit error, the error may be caused by the following:

SDH board fault Fiber connection fault between NE1 and NE2

5.

Replace components.
l l

Replace the faulty board Replace the fiber between NE1 and NE2

Step 4 Cancel the previous loopback setting. Inloop the east SDH interface board in NE2 to test whether any failure point occurs between the cross-connect and timing board in NE2 and the west optical interface board in NE2. 1. 2. 3. 4. Connect a BER tester to the port to be tested and set the tester correctly. Use the T2000 to set inloop on the port to be tested. See 6.5 Loopback at a PDH Interface. Switch on the BER tester, which sends test signals to the loopback circuit. Check whether the BER tester receives any bit errors.
l l

If there are no bit errors, release the loop. If there is a bit error, the error may be caused by the following:

SDH board fault Cross-connect board fault

5.

Replace the faulty board.

Step 5 Cancel the previous loopback setting. Outloop the west SDH interface board in NE3 to test whether any failure point occurs between the west optical interface board in NE3 and the fiber from NE2 to NE3. 1. 2. 3. 4. Connect a BER tester to the port to be tested and set the tester correctly. Use the T2000 to set outloop on the port to be tested. See 6.5 Loopback at a PDH Interface. Switch on the BER tester, which sends test signals to the loopback circuit. Check whether the BER tester receives any bit errors.
l l

If there are no bit errors, release the loop. If there is a bit error, the error may be caused by the following:

SDH board fault Fiber connection fault between NE3 and NE2

5.

Replace components.
l l

Replace the faulty board Replace the fiber between NE3 and NE2

Step 6 Cancel the previous loopback setting. Inloop the PDH interface board in NE3 to test whether any failure point occurs between the cross-connect and timing board in NE3 and the PDH processing board in NE3. 1.
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Connect a BER tester to the port to be tested and set the tester correctly.
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2. 3. 4.

Use the T2000 to set inloop on the port to be tested. See 6.5 Loopback at a PDH Interface. Switch on the BER tester, which sends test signals to the loopback circuit. Check whether the BER tester receives any bit errors.
l l

If there are bit errors, release the loop. If there is a bit error, the error may be caused by the following:

PDH board fault Cross-connect board fault

5.

Replace the faulty board.

Step 7 Cancel the previous loopback setting. Outloop the PDH interface board in NE3 to test whether any failure point occurs between the PDH processing board in NE3 to the DDF. You need to test the PDH processing board corresponding to the path, the PDH interface board, the cable between the interface board and the DDF, and the DDF interface. 1. 2. 3. 4. Connect a BER tester to the port to be tested and set the tester correctly. Use the T2000 to set outloop on the port to be tested. See 6.5 Loopback at a PDH Interface. Switch on the BER tester, which sends test signals to the loopback circuit. Check whether the BER tester receives any bit errors.
l l

If there are no bit errors, release the loop. If there is a bit error, the error may be caused by the following:

PDH processing board fault PDH interface board fault The cable between PDH interface board and BER tester is faulty. (The BER tester connects to the PDH interface) The cable between PDH interface board and DDF is faulty. (The BER tester connects to the DDF)

5.

Replace the faulty board and cable.

----End

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7 Hardware Loopback

Hardware Loopback

Hardware loopback helps perform loopback at a physical port (optical interface or electrical interface) with a fiber or self-loop cable manually. Figure 7-1 shows the difference between hardware loopback and software loopback. They adopt similar methods to locate faults. Figure 7-1 Difference between hardware loopback and software loopback
Transmitting module

Software loopback

Receiving module

The hardware loopback of SDH interface is divided into board loopback and cross-connect loopback depending on the loopback position. See Table 7-1.

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Table 7-1 Hardware loopback of SDH interfaces Loopback board loopback Description It means connecting the transmitting and receiving interfaces on a board by using a fiber. Legend

OUT

OUT

IN

IN

Optical Optical interface board interface board

cross-connect loopback

It means connecting the IN port on the east optical interface board to the OUT port on the west optical interface board, and connecting the OUT port on the east optical interface board to the IN port on the west optical interface board. This operation is only performed between two boards.

OUT IN

OUT IN

West optical East optical interface board interface board

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8 Resetting Boards

8
About This Chapter

Resetting Boards

A board can be reset in two methods: warm reset and cold reset. A warm reset does not affect the running service, but a cold reset affects the running service. 8.1 Resetting the GSCC Board According to different scenarios, you can use different methods to reset the boards. 8.2 Resetting Other Boards When resetting boards, different methods should be applied according to different situations. 8.3 Resetting Boards by NM To handle faults of a board, you need to reset the board.

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8 Resetting Boards

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8.1 Resetting the GSCC Board


According to different scenarios, you can use different methods to reset the boards. The following three methods can be applied to reset the GSCC board:
l

Use the NM system to perform warm and cold reset to the GSCC. For detailed operations, refer to 8.3 Resetting Boards by NM. Press the reset button on the GSCC to perform cold reset to the board. Perform cold reset by removing and inserting the GSCC board.

l l

8.2 Resetting Other Boards


When resetting boards, different methods should be applied according to different situations. Other boards can be reset by using two methods:
l l

Warm or cold reset by NM. For details, refer to 8.3 Resetting Boards by NM. Cold reset by removing and inserting boards.

8.3 Resetting Boards by NM


To handle faults of a board, you need to reset the board.

Prerequisite
You must be an NE user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher.

Impact on Services
A warm reset on a board does not affect the service that is running. A cold reset on a board may, however, affect the service that is running.

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Procedure
Step 1 In the Main Topology of the T2000 NM, select the NE where a board needs to be reset. Step 2 Double-click the NE icon to open the NE board layout. Step 3 Right-click the board to be reset to call the shortcut menu. Step 4 Click Warm Reset or Cold Reset. Step 5 Board reset may affect the service, and you should confirm the operation in a prompt dialog box. ----End
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9 Testing Received Optical Power

9
Impact on Services Tools/Instruments

Testing Received Optical Power

This section describes how to test the received optical power. If the received optical power is abnormal, you need to test it.

In the case of non-protection, the test on the received optical power may interrupt the services.

Optical power meter

Procedure
Step 1 Set the wavelength of the optical power meter to be consistent with the one to be tested. Step 2 Remove the fiber connecting the IN port of a receiver, and connect it to the optical power tester, as shown in Figure 9-1. Figure 9-1 Diagram for testing the received optical power
OptiX OSN equipment RX
OUT OUT

OptiX OSN equipment RX

ODF

ODF

TX PDH unit Crossconnect unit

IN

IN

TX Crossconnect unit PDH unit

SDH unit Optical power tester

SDH unit

Step 3 When the optical power result is stable, record it. ----End

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Related Information
l

The fiber connector and the optical connector on the front panel of the optical interface board are clean and well connected. Do not stare at the laser port of the optical interface board and the fiber connector. The testing meter must be calibrated. Test the attenuation of the fiber first. Single mode and multi-mode modules should use different tail optical fibers. Before testing the optical power, you need to estimate the order of the accessed optical power. If the optical power is extremely powerful, you need to use an optical attenuator. If the optical interface board at the opposite end provides the automatic laser shutdown (ALS) function, you need to disable the ALS function on the T2000.

l l l l l

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10 Testing Transmitted Optical Power

10
Impact on Services Tools/Instruments Procedure

Testing Transmitted Optical Power

This section describes how to test the transmitted optical power. If the transmitted optical power is abnormal, you need to test it.

In the case of non-protection, the test on the transmitted optical power may interrupt the services.

Optical power meter

Step 1 Set the wavelength of the optical power meter to be consistent with the one to be tested. Step 2 Remove the fiber connecting the OUT port of the transmitter. Step 3 Connect one end of the test fiber to the OUT port of the optical interface board of the transmitter, and connect the other end to the optical power tester, as shown in Figure 10-1. Figure 10-1 Diagram for testing the transmitted optical power
OptiX OSN equipment OUT RX

IN

TX Cross-connect unit PDH unit

Optical

SDH unit

Step 4 When the optical power result is stable, record it. ----End
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Related Information
l

Before testing the optical power, you need to estimate the order of the transmitted optical power. If the optical power is extremely powerful, you need to use an optical attenuator. If the optical interface board at the opposite end provides the automatic laser shutdown (ALS) function, you need to disable the ALS function on the T2000.

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11 Powering on the Equipment

11
Prerequisite Tools/Instruments
Screwdriver

Powering on the Equipment

This section describes how to power on the subrack to ensure that the equipment can be powered on successfully.

The power supply for the cabinet has been connected.

Subrack Power Switch


The mapping between the power switch of the subrack and the PIU board of the OptiX OSN 3500, is shown in Figure 11-1. Figure 11-1 Mapping between the power switch of the subrack and the PIU board
Power module A Power module B

1234

ON OFF
NIPIU NIPIU

ON OFF

1234

Subrack power switchs

Subrack power switchs

Slot 27 PIU

Slot 28 PIU

Note: Subrack power switch No. 1 is used for the lower subrack. Sburack power switch No. 2 is used for the upper subrack.

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11 Powering on the Equipment

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WARNING
Do not remove and insert the power supply connector and the PIU board.

Procedure
Step 1 OptiX OSN 3500, refer to Figure 11-1. Check the power cable of the subrack to ensure that the power cable is properly connected to the PIU board of the relevant subrack.
l l l

The subrack power cable of power module A is connected to the PIU board in slot 27. The subrack power cable of power module B is connected to the PIU board in slot 28. Power switches 1 and 2 on the power supply module are used to provide power for the OptiX OSN 3500.

Step 2 Check the connector of the power cable to ensure that the connector is connected firmly. If the connector is loose, tighten the screw by using a screwdriver. Step 3 Turn the power switch at the DC power distribution unit, which is connected to the PIU board, to the ON position. Step 4 Observe the PROG indicator on all the boards.
l l

If the PROG indicator flashes, the board software is being initialized and loaded. After the board software is loaded successfully, the PROG indicator is on and green.

Step 5 Observe the PWRA and PWRB indicators on the GSCC board.
l l

If the PWRA and PWRB indicators are on and in green color, the power supply is successful. If the PWRA and PWRB indicators are on and in red color, or off, the power supply fails. Check the power supply and handle the fault.
NOTE

l l

If the equipment accommodates two PIU boards, but accesses only one channel of power supply, only the PWRA or PWRB indicator is on and in green color. If the equipment accommodates only one PIU board, the PWRA and PWRB indicators are on and in green color.

Step 6 Check the power indicator at the top of the cabinet to ensure that it is normally on.
NOTE

The indicator at the top of the equipment is driven by the AUX board,. For this reason, the indicator at the top of the cabinet is on only when the subrack is powered on.

----End

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12 Powering off the Equipment

12
Procedure
CAUTION

Powering off the Equipment

This section describes how to power off the subrack.

Power off the subrack: Turn off the air switch on the DC power distribution unit.

Once it is powered off, this NE equipment exits from running status. Hence, all the services of the NE are interrupted. ----End

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13 Enabling/Disabling Lasers

13
Prerequisite Impact on System

Enabling/Disabling Lasers

This section describes the basic method for enabling and disabling lasers during the detection of faults and the commissioning.

You must be an NM user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher.

After a laser is disabled, the services on the board where the laser is located are interrupted.

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the desired NE icon in Main Topology to display the NE Panel of the NE. Step 2 Right-click the desired subrack NE and choose NE Explorer from the shortcut menu. Then, theNE Explorer window is displayed. Step 3 Select the desired board in the NE Explorer, and then choose Configuration > SDH Interface from the Function Tree. Step 4 Click By Function. SelectLaser Switch from the drop-down list. Step 5 Double-click the desired optical interface. In the Laser Status field, choose Enabled or Disabled to change the laser state. Step 6 Click Apply.
l l

After you enable the laser, click Close on the Operation Result dialog box. After you disable the laser, click OK on the Confirm dialog box. Click OK on the Prompt dialog box. Then, click Close on the Operation Result dialog box.

----End
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14 Querying Optical Power on the T2000

14
Prerequisite

Querying Optical Power on the T2000

This section describes the basic method for querying the optical power of each board, so that the abnormal optical power point can be detected and located in time.

You must be an NM user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher. The board must be created.

Impact on System
None.

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Background Information
For the input and output optical power of each type of boards, refer to the Hardware Description.

CAUTION
Back up the optical power of major boards.

Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the desired NE icon in Main Topology to display the NE Panel of the NE. Step 2 Right-click the desired subrack NE and choose NE Explorer from the shortcut menu. Then, the NE Explorer window is displayed. Step 3 Select the desired board in the NE Explorer, and then choose Configuration > Optical Power Management .
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14 Querying Optical Power on the T2000

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Step 4 Click Query. On the displayed Operation Result dialog box, click Closed. ----End

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15 Viewing the Board Information Report

15
Prerequisite

Viewing the Board Information Report

The board information includes the board type, status, BIOS version, software version, Logic version, PCB version, and the associated NE and slot. After configuring or updating a board, update the board information in time to facilitate management of the board.

You must be an NM user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher. The board must be created.

Impact on System
None.

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Procedure
Step 1 Choose Report > Board Information from the Main Menu. Step 2 Click the Board Information Report tab. Step 3 In the Object Tree, select an NE or a board on the NE and click generated report in the right-hand pane. . You can view the

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15 Viewing the Board Information Report

OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

Step 4 Click Query to query the information from the NE.


NOTE

Enter the information in the Remarks field and click Apply to save the information.

Step 5 Optional: Click Print to print the report or click Save As to export the report. ----End

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16 Viewing the Board Manufacturer Information Report

16
Prerequisite

Viewing the Board Manufacturer Information Report

The board manufacturer information report provides the information of board, such as the bar code, type, manufacture date, BOM code, and manufacturer information of the optical module. After configuring a new board, you need to update the board manufacturer information report. You can refer to this report during board maintenance.

You must be an NM user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher. The board must be created.

Impact on System
None.

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Procedure
Step 1 Choose Report > Board Manufacturer Information Report. Step 2 In the Object Tree, select an NE and click right-hand pane. Step 3 Click Query to query the information from the NE. . You can view the generated report in the

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16 Viewing the Board Manufacturer Information Report

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Step 4 Optional: Click Print to print the report or click Save As to export the report. ----End

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17 Querying Working Temperature

17
Prerequisite Tools/Instruments
T2000

Querying Working Temperature

During routine maintenance or heat dissipation failure, fast and accurately querying the working temperature can guide maintenance personnel to perform related operations. Then, potential faults can be rectified and impact caused by abnormal temperature can be reduced as possible.

The function to monitor performance must be enabled on the T2000. If the function to monitor performance is not started, refer to the OptiX iManager T2000 Online Help to enable the function.

User Authority Level


You must be a T2000 user with "NE and network monitor" authority or higher.

Reference
When the equipment is working normally, the requirement of the working temperature is as follows:
l l

Long-term running: 0C to 45C Long-term running: 5C to 55C

Procedure
Step 1 On the T2000, choose Performance > Browse SDH Performance from the Main Menu, and then click the Current Performance Data tab. Step 2 In Monitor Period, select 15-Minute or 24-Hour. Step 3 Select one or more NEs from the left pane and click .

Step 4 Click the Gauge tab, and then select the type of the performance event of Temperature. Then, select Current Value.
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17 Querying Working Temperature

OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

Step 5 Click Query to check the performance value of Current temperature of the board (C) for each board. The performance value should comply the requirement of working temperature when the equipment is working normally.
NOTE

Types of the working temperature that can be queried are listed as follows:
l l

Current working temperature of the laser (C) Current temperature of the board (C)

The types of working temperature that can be queried vary with board types. Only the current temperature of the board (C) is considered in this operation.

Step 6 If the performance value exceeds the normal working temperature, you can adopt the heat dissipation. ----End

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18 Checking Enabling Status of the Board Version Replacement Function

18
Prerequisite

Checking Enabling Status of the Board Version Replacement Function

As a multiple ID board has different board IDs, query the board ID to check whether the board version replacement function is enabled or not.

You must be an NE user with "NE and network operator" authority or higher.

Impact on Service
None.

Tools/Instruments
T2000

Procedure
Step 1 In the Main Topology of the T2000, choose Report > Board Manufacturing Information Report. Step 2 Select the NE or board to be queried. Select the check box that corresponds to the NE or board, and then click .

Step 3 Query the board information of the relevant slot. If the board name in : NE Name - Slot ID Board Name is inconsistent with the board version or board name displayed behind BoardType, the current working board enables the board replacement function. As shown in the red box of Figure 18-1. If the board name is consistent, the N2EFS0 board disables the board replacement function.

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18 Checking Enabling Status of the Board Version Replacement Function

OptiX OSN 3500 Intelligent Optical Transmission System Supporting Tasks

Figure 18-1 Legend for the board manufacturing information report on the T2000

----End

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19 Inspecting and Cleaning the Fiber-Optical Connectors

19

Inspecting and Cleaning the FiberOptical Connectors

About This Chapter


Fiber-optical connectors must be kept clean. 19.1 Overview It is very important to inspect and clean every optical fiber connector before you perform fiber optical connection. This chapter describes how to inspect and clean fiber connectors, optical adapters and attenuators and flanges used in fiber optical connections. 19.2 Protection of Optical Fiber Connectors The optical fiber connectors should be kept clean. 19.3 Inspecting Optical Connectors Optical connectors need to be kept clean. 19.4 Cleaning Fiber Connector Use the cassette cleaner, lens tissue, or dust-free cotton stick to clean the fiber connector.

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19 Inspecting and Cleaning the Fiber-Optical Connectors

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19.1 Overview
It is very important to inspect and clean every optical fiber connector before you perform fiber optical connection. This chapter describes how to inspect and clean fiber connectors, optical adapters and attenuators and flanges used in fiber optical connections. Figure 19-1 shows the adapter and the fiber connector. Figure 19-1 Optical fiber connector

Any dirt in the fiber connection can cause failure of the component or failure of the entire system. Even microscope dust particles can cause a variety of problems to optical connections. A particle that partially or completely blocks the core generates strong back reflections, which can cause instability of the laser system. Dust particles trapped between two fiber faces can scratch the glass surfaces. Even if a particle is situated on only the cladding or edge of the end face, it can cause an air gap or misalignment between the fiber cores. This sharply degrades the optical signal. Clean fiber optical components are the basis of quality connections between fiber optical equipments. Cleaning the fiber optical connectors is one of the most basic and key procedures to maintain an optical system. A 1-micrometer dust particle on a single-mode core can block up to 1% of the light, which causes a loss of 0.05 dB. A 9-micrometer speck of dust is still too small to be seen without a microscope, but could completely block the fiber core. Hence, even though dust may not be visible, it is still present in the air and can deposit onto the connector. In addition to dust, other types of dirt must also be cleaned off the end face. These types of dirt include:
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Oils (frequently from human hands) Film residues (condensed from vapors in the air) Powdery coatings (left after water or other solvents evaporate)

These types of dirt can be more difficult to remove than dust particles and can also cause damage to equipment if it is not removed. Always follow the procedures when you clean fiber components. This helps clear any dust or dirt and helps provide a clean environment for the fiber optical connection.

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CAUTION
Inspection, cleaning and re-inspection are key steps which must be done before you perform any fiber optical connection.

19.2 Protection of Optical Fiber Connectors


The optical fiber connectors should be kept clean. The protection requirements of the optical fiber connectors is as follows:
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All optical interface boards must be transported and stored in reliable packing. This helps avoid mechanical and electrostatic damages and reduces vibrations. Store the protective caps in an antistatic bag. Cover the optical interfaces of the replaced boards with protective caps in time. Store them in proper packages to keep the optical interfaces clean.

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Protective caps recommended are shown in Figure 19-2. Figure 19-2 Protective caps recommended

Protective caps not recommended are shown in Figure 19-3.

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Figure 19-3 Protective caps not recommended

19.3 Inspecting Optical Connectors


Optical connectors need to be kept clean.

Prerequisite Tools/Instruments
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Optical power meter Optical fiberscope with 20X capability (recommended to use a video fiberscope)

Criteria
For an image of the intact fiber optical surface through a fiberscope that can be used successfully in the equipment, see Figure 19-4. Figure 19-4 An intact fiber

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For images of fibers through a fiberscope with imperfections that can impair the function of the assembly, see Figure 19-5. The image on the left clearly shows a damaged fiber. Severely damaged fibers must not be used in the system equipment. Otherwise, permanent and severe damage can occur to the assembly. The image on the right shows a fiber that is suspect. If the output power is within an acceptable range, the fiber may not cause any damage to the assembly. If the output power is unstable or falls outside the acceptable range, however, the fiber can cause damage to the assembly and must not be used. Figure 19-5 Damaged or suspect fibers
Core Cladding Core Cladding

Damaged fiber (burned)

Questionable fiber

For details on acceptable and unacceptable fibers, see Figure 19-6, Figure 19-7 and Figure 19-8. Figure 19-6 An intact fiber

Cladding Core Buffer

Figure 19-7 Acceptable fibers with imperfections

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Figure 19-8 Unacceptable fibers with imperfections

WARNING
Laser is dangerous. The laser light is not visible to the eyes with or without laser protective glasses. Do not stare at optical connectors or interfaces. Failure to follow this warning can cause damage to the eyes, or even blindness.

CAUTION
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is hazardous to the electronic equipment. Handle the equipment properly to prevent damage to the electronic equipment. Failure to follow this caution can cause equipment damage and/or loss of service.

WARNING
Use a fiberscope equipped with a safety device that can cancel the optical path to the eye or a desktop video fiberscope when you inspect the optical connectors. If one is not available, turn off the laser and disconnect both ends of the fiber before you inspect the optical connectors.

Procedure
Step 1 Turn off the laser before the inspection. Disconnect both ends of the fiber to be inspected. Step 2 Test the optical power by using a power meter. Ensure that there is no laser light on the optical connector. Step 3 Use a fiberscope to inspect the fiber to check if there is any dirt or damage. Refer to the following examples shown .
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Step 4 If any dirt is detected, clean the optical connector. For details, refer to 19.4.1 Cleaning Optical Fiber Connectors Using Cartridge Cleaners and 19.4.2 Cleaning Optical Fiber Connectors Using Lens Tissue. Step 5 If any damage is detected, replace the fiber or board. ----End

19.4 Cleaning Fiber Connector


Use the cassette cleaner, lens tissue, or dust-free cotton stick to clean the fiber connector. 19.4.1 Cleaning Optical Fiber Connectors Using Cartridge Cleaners Before cleaning, inspect the optical surface of the fiber with a fiberscope or a magnifier to determine the extent to which the optical fiber may be damaged or dirty. Clean the optical fiber only if it is dirty. If there is no dirt, do not clean it. This is because the cleaning itself may introduce dust, dirt, or cause potential damage to the optical fiber. Multiple types of cartridge cleaners can be used. The CLETOP cassette cleaner is taken as an example in the description. 19.4.2 Cleaning Optical Fiber Connectors Using Lens Tissue Before cleaning, inspect the surface of the optical fiber with a fiberscope or a magnifier to determine the extent to which the optical fiber may be damaged or dirty. Clean the optical fiber only if it is dirty. If there is no dirt, do not clean it. This is because cleaning itself may introduce dust, dirt, or cause potential damage to the optical fiber. Follow the steps to clean the optical fiber connectors by using lens tissue. To clean the optical fiber, you need to select special-purpose materials depending on the situation of the station. 19.4.3 Cleaning Optical Adapters Using Optical Cleaning Sticks Optical adapters must be cleaned with special cleaning tools and materials. You can obtain these tools and materials from a fiber cable and connector manufacturer. The following procedure provides the steps to clean optical adapters by using optical cleaning sticks. There are several types of optical cleaning sticks and cotton swabs that can be used. Refer to the local site practices. 19.4.4 Cleaning Optical Attenuators and Flanges Optical attenuators and flanges must be cleaned with special cleaning tools and materials, such as the cleaning stick.

19.4.1 Cleaning Optical Fiber Connectors Using Cartridge Cleaners


Before cleaning, inspect the optical surface of the fiber with a fiberscope or a magnifier to determine the extent to which the optical fiber may be damaged or dirty. Clean the optical fiber only if it is dirty. If there is no dirt, do not clean it. This is because the cleaning itself may introduce dust, dirt, or cause potential damage to the optical fiber. Multiple types of cartridge cleaners can be used. The CLETOP cassette cleaner is taken as an example in the description.

Tools/Instruments
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CLETOP cassette cleaner Optical power meter Optical fiberscope with 20x magnification (a video fiberscope is recommended)

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WARNING
Laser is dangerous. The laser light is not visible to the eyes with or without laser protective glasses. Do not stare at optical connectors or interfaces. Failure to follow this warning can cause damage to the eyes, or even blindness.

CAUTION
ESD is hazardous to the electronic equipment. Handle the equipment properly to prevent damage to the electronic equipment. Failure to follow this caution can cause equipment damage and/or loss of service.

Procedure
Step 1 Turn off the lasers before the inspection. Disconnect both ends of the fiber to be inspected. Step 2 Use a power meter to measure the fiber and ensure that there is no laser light on the optical connector. Step 3 Press and hold down the lever, and slide back the shutter to expose a new cleaning area. See Figure 19-9 and Figure 19-10. Figure 19-9 CLETOP cassette cleaner

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Figure 19-10 Using the CLETOP cassette cleaner

Step 4 Place the fiber tip lightly against the cleaning area so that the end face is flat on the cleaning area. Step 5 Drag the fiber tip lightly on one cleaning area in the direction of the arrow once. See Figure 19-11. Do it again on the other cleaning area in the same direction as the first time once. See Figure 19-12.

CAUTION
Do not scrub the fiber against fabric or clean the same cleaning area more than once. Otherwise, the connector can become dirty or it can damage the connector.

Figure 19-11 Dragging the fiber tip lightly on one cleaning area

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Figure 19-12 Dragging the fiber tip lightly on the other cleaning area

Step 6 Release the lever to close the cleaning area. Step 7 Inspect the fiber and repeat Steps 1 through 6 if the fiber is still dirty. Step 8 Connect the fiber connector to the board. Step 9 Turn on the lasers after you connect the fiber to the board. ----End

19.4.2 Cleaning Optical Fiber Connectors Using Lens Tissue


Before cleaning, inspect the surface of the optical fiber with a fiberscope or a magnifier to determine the extent to which the optical fiber may be damaged or dirty. Clean the optical fiber only if it is dirty. If there is no dirt, do not clean it. This is because cleaning itself may introduce dust, dirt, or cause potential damage to the optical fiber. Follow the steps to clean the optical fiber connectors by using lens tissue. To clean the optical fiber, you need to select special-purpose materials depending on the situation of the station.

Tools/Instruments
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Optical power meter Optical fiberscope with 20x magnification (a video fiberscope is recommended) Clean solvent. Isoamylol is preferred, propyl can be used (alcohol or formalin is never used) Non-woven lens tissue, lint-free wipes or fiber cleaning tissue (Non-woven lens tissue is recommended) Special compressed gas Special cleaning roll

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WARNING
Laser is dangerous. The laser light is not visible to the eyes with or without laser protective glasses. Do not stare at optical connectors or interfaces. Failure to follow this warning can cause damage to the eyes, or even blindness.

CAUTION
ESD is hazardous to the electronic equipment. Handle the equipment properly to prevent damage to the electronic equipment. Failure to follow this caution can cause equipment damage and/or loss of service.

Procedure
Step 1 Turn off the lasers before the inspection. Disconnect both ends of the fiber to be inspected. Step 2 Use a power meter to measure the fiber and ensure that there is no laser light on the optical connector. Step 3 Place a small amount of cleaning solvent on the lens tissue. Step 4 Clean the fiber tip on the lens tissue. See Figure 19-13 and Figure 19-14.

CAUTION
Do not scrub the fiber against fabric or clean the same cleaning area more than once. Failure to comply with these methods can result in dirt in the connector or damage to the connector.

Figure 19-13 Cleaning the fiber tip with the lens tissue on the desk

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Figure 19-14 Cleaning the fiber tip with the lens tissue on the hand

CAUTION
A piece of lens tissue can be used only once. Step 5 Repeat Step 4 several times on the areas where the lens tissue has not been used. Step 6 Use compressed gas to blow dust off the fiber tip. Step 7 Inspect the fiber and repeat steps through 1 to 6 if the fiber is still dirty. Step 8 Do not touch the fiber connector after you clean it. Connect it to the optical interface board immediately. If it is currently not used, put a protective cap on it. Step 9 Turn on the lasers after you connect the fiber to the board.
NOTE

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When you use compressed gas, keep the injector nozzle close to the fiber connector surface without touching it. When you use compressed gas, first spray it into the air as the initial spray of compressed air can contain some condensation or propellant. Such condensation leaves a filmy deposit on the fiber. If compressed gas is not available, a clean roll can be used.

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19.4.3 Cleaning Optical Adapters Using Optical Cleaning Sticks


Optical adapters must be cleaned with special cleaning tools and materials. You can obtain these tools and materials from a fiber cable and connector manufacturer. The following procedure provides the steps to clean optical adapters by using optical cleaning sticks. There are several types of optical cleaning sticks and cotton swabs that can be used. Refer to the local site practices.

Tools/Instruments
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Optical power meter Optical fiberscope with 20x magnification (a video fiberscope is recommended)
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Clean solvent, such as Isoamylol or propyl can be used. Alcohol or formalin should not be used. Special compressed gas Optical cleaning sticks used for optical connectors or cotton swabs (medical cotton or long fiber cotton)

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DANGER
Laser is dangerous. The light is not visible to the eyes with or without laser protective glasses. Do not stare at optical connectors or interfaces. Failure to follow this warning can cause damage to the eyes, or even blindness.

CAUTION
ESD is hazardous to the electronic equipment. Handle the equipment properly to prevent damage to the electronic equipment. Failure to follow this caution can cause equipment damage and/or loss of service.

Procedure
Step 1 Turn off the laser before the inspection. Disconnect both ends of the fiber to be inspected. Step 2 Use a power meter to measure and ensure that there is no laser light on the optical interface. Step 3 Select the cleaning stick with a proper diameter for a certain type of adapter. For the SC and FC optical interface, use a cleaning stick with a diameter of 2.5 mm; for the LC optical interface, use a cleaning stick with a diameter of 1.25 mm. See Figure 19-15 and Figure 19-16. Figure 19-15 Cleaning stick for the SC and FC optical interface (for reference only)

Figure 19-16 Cleaning stick for the LC optical interface (for reference only)

Step 4 Place a small amount of cleaning solvent on the optical cleaning stick. Step 5 Place the optical cleaning stick on the optical adapters such that the cleaning solvent touches the fiber tip. Hold the stick straight out from the adapter and turn the stick clockwise four to five times. Make sure that there is direct contact between the stick tip and fiber tip.
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Step 6 Use the compressed gas to blow off the fiber tip. Step 7 Repeat Steps 1 through 6 if the optical adapter contains dirt. Step 8 Connect the fiber to the board, or put a protective cap on the interface. Step 9 Turn on the lasers after you connect the fiber to the board.
NOTE

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When you use the compressed gas, keep the injector nozzle close to the connector surface without touching it. When you use the compressed gas, first spray it into the air as the initial spray of compressed air can contain some condensation or propellant. Such condensation leaves behind a filmy deposit.

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19.4.4 Cleaning Optical Attenuators and Flanges


Optical attenuators and flanges must be cleaned with special cleaning tools and materials, such as the cleaning stick. Use the optical cleaning stick to clean optical attenuators and flanges. The steps are similar to those of cleaning optical adapters. Refer to 19.4.3 Cleaning Optical Adapters Using Optical Cleaning Sticks.

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Index

Index
H
hardware loopback, 7-1

R
resetting board, 8-1

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