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ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

MATERIAL HANDLINGMaterial Handling is the movement, storage, control and protection of materials, goods and products throughout the process of manufacturing, distribution, consumption and disposal. The focus is on the methods, mechanical equipment, systems and related controls used to achieve these functions. The material handling industry manufactures and distributes the equipment and services required to implement material handling systems. Material handling systems range from simple pallet rack and shelving projects, to complex conveyor belt and Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems (AS/RS). Material handling can also consist of sorting and picking, as well as automatic guided vehicles.

Material handling is the function of moving the right material to the right place in the right time, in the right amount, in sequence, and in the right condition to minimize production cost.

A material-handling system can be simply defined as an integrated system involving

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

has very broad meaning, covering all kinds of raw materials, work in process, subassemblies, and finished assemblies.

Objectives 1) Reduced Costs 2) Increased Capacity 3) Improved Working Condition 4) Value Addition to Products In brief, the primary objectives of Material Handling are; 1. To save money 2. To save time 3. To save men Main objective is to reduce the number of handlings as well as the overall cost of material handling equipment and reducing the distances through which the materials are handled. The primary objective of using a material handling system is to ensure that the material in the right amount is safely delivered to the desired destination at the right time and at minimum cost.

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

OTHER OBJECTIVES The material handling system is properly designed not only to ensure the minimum cost and compatibility with other manufacturing equipment but also to meet safety concerns. The cost of MH estimates 20-25 of total manufacturing labor cost. Lower unit material handling costs Reduction in manufacturing cycle time through faster movement of materials and by reducing the distance through which the materials are moved. Reduction in manufacturing cycle time results in reduced work in progress inventory costs. Improved working conditions and greater safety in movement of materials Contribute to better quality by avoiding damage to products by inefficient handling Increased storage capacity through better utilisation of storage areas Higher productivity at lower manufacturing cost

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

GOALS OF MATERIAL HANDLING


The primary goal is to reduce unit costs of production Maintain or improve product quality, reduce damage of materials Promote safety and improve working conditions Promote increased use of facilities Reduce tare weight (dead weight) Control inventory Promote productivity material should flow in a straight line use gravity! It is free power move more material at one time mechanize material handling automate material handling

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

Material handling equipment includes: Transport Equipment: industrial trucks, Automated Guided vehicles (AGVs), monorails, conveyors, cranes and hoists. Storage Systems: bulk storage, rack systems, shelving and bins, drawer storage, automated storage systems. Unitizing Equipment: palletizers Identification and Tracking systems

Scope of Material handling


o Manufacturing o Processing o Construction o Mining o Power o Machine Tools o Truck building

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

o Rail road car builders o Barge and Ship building o Aircraft

Importance of M H

Efficient material handling is important to manufacturing operations. Materials sent by vendors must be unloaded, moved through inspections and production operations to stores and finally to the shipping department. These movements do not add value to the product but they do add value to the cost Material handling is an integral part of any industrial activity. With growing business, a greater emphasis is laid on productivity, profitability as well as resource conservation and ecological preservation. Material handling plays a very crucial role in sustaining efficiency in financial and human resources. Material handling analysis is a subset of plant layout. Method study, plant layout and material handling are all part of the design of a production facility.

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

Material handling system and plant layout enhance effectiveness of each other. Efficient operation of appropriate material handling methods reduces costs and enables maximum capabilities to be derived from a given production facility CONSIDERATIONS IN MATERIAL HANDLING SYSTEM DESIGN CATEGORY MEASURES

Physical state Size Weight Shape Condition Safety risk and risk of damage

Solid, liquid, or gas Volume; length, width, height Weight per piece, weight per unit volume Long and flat, round, square, etc. Hot, cold, wet, etc. Explosive, flammable, toxic; fragile, etc.

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

Layout Type

Characteristics

Typical MH Equipment

Fixed position Process Product

Large

product

size,

low

Cranes, hoists, industrial tr

production rate Variation in product and

Hand trucks, forklift tru AGVs

processing, low and medium production rates Limited product variety, high production rate

Conveyors for product f

trucks to deliver compon to stations.

THE PLANNING PRINCIPLE Large-scale material handling projects usually require a team approach. Material handling planning considers every move, every storage need, and any delay in order to minimize production costs.

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

The plan should reflect the strategic objectives of the organization as well as the more immediate needs. THE SYSTEM PRINCIPLES MH and storage activities should be fully integrated to form a coordinated, operational system that spans receiving, inspection, storage, production, assembly, shipping, and the handling of returns. Information flow and physical material flow should be integrated and treated as concurrent activities. Methods should be provided for easily identifying materials and products, for determining their location and status within facilities and within the supply chain.

SIMPLIFICATION PRINCIPLE Simplify handling by reducing, eliminating, or combining unnecessary movement and/or equipment. Four questions to ask to simplify any job: Can this job be eliminated?

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

If we cant eliminate, can we combine movements to reduce cost? (unit load concept) If we cant eliminate or combine, can we rearrange the operations to reduce the travel distance? If we cant do any of the above, can we simplify?

GRAVITY PRINCIPLE Utilize gravity to move material whenever practical. SPACE UTILIZATION PRINCIPLE The better we use our building cube, the less space we need to buy or rent. Racks, mezzanines, and overhead conveyors are a few examples that promote this goal. UNIT LOAD PRINCIPLE Unit loads should be appropriately sized and configured at each stage of the supply chain. The most common unit load is the pallet

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

cardboard pallets plastic pallets wooden pallets AUTOMATION PRINCIPLE MH operations should be mechanized and/or automated where feasible to improve operational efficiency, increase responsiveness, improve consistency and predictability, decrease operating costs. THE STANDARDIZATION PRINCIPLE

standardize handling methods as well as types and sizes of handling equipment too many sizes and brands of equipment results in higher operational cost. A fewer sizes of carton will simplify the storage. EQUIPMENT SELECTION PRINCIPLE Why? What? Where? When? How? Who?

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

If we answer these questions about each move, the solution will become evident. THE MAINTENANCE PRINCIPLE Plan for preventive maintenance and scheduled repairs of all handling equipment. Pallets and storage facilities need repair too. THE DEAD WEIGHT PRINCIPLE Try to reduce the ratio of equipment weight to product weight. Dont buy equipment that is bigger than necessary. Reduce tare weight and save money. THE CAPACITY PRINCIPLE use handling equipment to help achieve desired production capacity i.e. material handling equipment can help to maximize production equipment utilization.

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

TYPES OF MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT Conventional Material Handling Equipment 1. Storage Equipment 2. Bulk Material Handling 3. Industrial Trucks Conventional Material Handling Equipment 1. Robotic Delivery System 2. Computer Controlled Conveyor System 3. Automated Guided Vehicles MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT Industrial trucks include hand trucks such as two-wheeled, four-wheeled, hand lift, and forklift and powered trucks such as forklift, tractor-trailer trains, industrial crane trucks, and side loaders. Conveyors such as belt, chute, roller, wheel, slat, chain, bucket, trolley, tow, screw, vibrating, and pneumatic. Monorails, hoists, and cranes such as bridge, gantry, tower, and stacker.

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

Automated guided vehicle systems such as unit load carriers, towing, pallet trucks, fork trucks, and assembly line. Automated storage and retrieval systems (AS/RS) such as unit load, miniload, person-on-board, deep lane, and storage carousel systems.

Types of Material Handling Equipment Basically there are three types of materials handling equipments. 1. Static Platforms Pallets Still ages

2.FIXED TYPES Flat Conveyors Roller Conveyors Wheel Conveyors

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

Trolley Conveyors Bridge Crane Electricity Hoist Jib Crain Chain Hoist Gantry Crane 3. VEHICLES Pallets Trucks Fork lift trucks Industrial Vehicles

Pros and Cons of Using Material Handling Equipment


PROS: Lessen manual labor. Less shipping errors. Minimal damage on goods and materials. Less shipping and production costs.

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE

Lessen employees compensation claims therefore allows you to save more in the long run. CONS: Require fast data tracking and processing. Require reliable and fool-proof inventory management system. Require more free floor spaces so that equipment can move properly. Buying your own material handling equipment may require you to raise initial capital. Require you to set aside funds for maintenance and repair. Factors Affecting the selection of Material Handling Equipment Adaptability Flexibility Load capacity Power Speed Space requirements Supervision required Ease of maintenance Environment funds or

ASSIGNMENT MATERIAL HANDLING

HIMANSHU SONI 11113030 IPE