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Case Study 1 VLANs, VTP and Inter-VLAN Routing

VLAN Name

10 Red

20 Blue

30 Orange

40 Green

This Subnetting scenario, we will use……

VLAN 10: 172.16.10.0/24


VLAN 20: 172.16.20.0/24
VLAN 30: 172.16.30.0/24
VLAN 40: 172.16.40.0/24
Fa 0/12 : 172.16.50.0/24
Loopback0: 172.16.60.1/24

Arbab Nazar
1. Disable the links between the access layer switches.

DS1(config)#interface range fa 0/7 - 10


DS1(config-if-range)#sh
DS2(config)#interface range fa 0/7 - 10
DS2(config-if-range)#sh
AS1(config)#interface range fa 0/7 - 10
AS1(config-if-range)#sh
AS2(config)#interface range fa 0/7 - 10
AS2(config-if-range)#sh

2. Place all switches in the VTP domain CISCO. Make DS1 the VTP server and all
other switches VTP clients.

DS1(config)#vtp domain CISCO


DS1(config)#vtp mode server

DS2(config)#vtp domain CISCO


DS2(config)#vtp mode client

AS1(config)#vtp domain CISCO


AS1(config)#vtp mode client

AS2(config)#vtp domain CISCO


AS2(config)#vtp mode client

3.Create the VLANs shown in the VLAN table and assign the names given. For
subnet planning, allocate a subnet for each VLAN.

DS1(config)#vlan 10
DS1(config-vlan)#name Red
DS1(config-vlan)#exit

DS1(config)#vlan 20
DS1(config-vlan)#name Blue
DS1(config-vlan)#exit

DS1(config)#vlan 30
DS1(config-vlan)#name Orange
DS1(config-vlan)#exit

DS1(config)#vlan 40
DS1(config-vlan)#name Green
DS1(config-vlan)#exit

Arbab Nazar
4. Make DS1 the primary spanning-tree root for all VLANs. Make DS2 the backup root.
DS1(config)#spanning-tree vlan 1,10,20,30,40,1002,1003,1004,1005 root primary

DS2(config)#spanning-tree vlan 1,10,20,30,40,1002,1003,1004,1005 root secondary

5. Make F0/12 between DS1 and DS2 a layer 3 link and assign a subnet to it.

DS1(config)#interface fa 0/12
DS1(config-if)#no switchport
DS1(config-if)#ip address 172.16.50.1 255.255.255.0
DS1(config-if)#no sh
DS2(config)#interface fa 0/12
DS2(config-if)#no switchport
DS2(config-if)#ip address 172.16.50.2 255.255.255.0
DS2(config-if)#no sh

6. Create a loopback interface on DS1 and assign a subnet to it.

DS1(config)#interface loopback 0
DS1(config-if)#ip address 172.16.60.1 255.255.255.0

7. Make F0/11 between DS1 and DS2 an ISL trunk link

DS1(config)#interface fa 0/11
DS1(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation isl
DS1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
DS1(config-if)#no sh

DS2(config)#interface fa 0/11
DS2(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation isl
DS2(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
DS2(config-if)#no sh

8. Configure all other trunk links using 802.1q.

(The default encapsulation is 802.1q)

9. Make sure that all inter-switch links are statically set as trunks

(Using SHOW VLAN BRIEF)

10. The links from DS1 to each access switch must be bound together in an EtherChannel.

DS1(config)#interface range fa 0/7 -8


DS1(config-if-range)#channel-group 1 mode on
DS1(config-if)#exit
DS1(config)#interface port-channel 1
DS1(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
DS1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
Arbab Nazar
DS1(config)#interface range fa 0/9 -10
DS1(config-if-range)#channel-group 2 mode on
DS1(config-if)#exit
DS1(config)#interface port-channel 2
DS1(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
DS1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk

AS1(config)#interface range fa 0/7 -8


AS1(config-if-range)#channel-group 1 mode on
AS1(config-if)#exit
AS1(config)#interface port-channel 1
AS1(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
AS1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk

AS2(config)#interface range fa 0/9 -10


AS2(config-if-range)#channel-group 2 mode on
AS2(config-if)#exit
AS2(config)#interface port-channel 2
AS2(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
AS2(config-if)#switchport mode trunk

11. Enable portfast on all access ports.


AS1(config)#spanning-tree portfast default

AS2(config)#spanning-tree portfast default

12. Put F0/15 through F0/17 on AS1 and AS2 in VLAN 10. Place F0/18 and F0/19 on AS1
and AS2 in VLAN 20. Place F0/20 on AS1 and AS2 in VLAN 30.

AS1(config)#interface range fa 0/15 – 17


AS1(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 10
AS1(config-if-range)#switchport mode access

AS1(config)#interface range fa 0/18 – 19


AS1(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 20
AS1(config-if-range)#switchport mode access

AS1(config)#interface fa 0/20
AS1(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 30
AS1(config-if-range)#switchport mode access

AS2(config)#interface range fa 0/15 – 17


AS2(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 10
AS(config-if-range)#switchport mode access

AS2(config)#interface range fa 0/18 – 19


AS2(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 20
AS2(config-if-range)#switchport mode access

AS2(config)#interface fa 0/20
AS2(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 30
AS2(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
Arbab Nazar
13. Create an 802.1q trunk link between R1 and AS2. Allow only VLANs 10 and 40 to pass
through the trunk.

AS2(config)#interface fa 0/1
AS2(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
AS2(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
AS2(config-if)#switchport trunk allowed vlan 10,40

R1(config)#interface fa 0/0
R1(config-if)#no sh

R1(config)#interface fa 0/0.10
R1(config-subif)#encapsulation dot1Q 10

R1(config)#interface fa 0/0.40
R1(config-subif)#encapsulation dot1Q 40

14. Give R1 subinterfaces in VLANs 10 and 40.

R1(config)#interface fa 0/0.10
R1(config-subif)#ip address 172.16.10.1 255.255.255.0
R1(config)#interface fa 0/0.40
R1(config-subif)#ip address 172.16.40.1 255.255.255.0

15. Create an SVI interface on DS1 in VLANs 20, 30 and 40. Create an SVI interface on
DS2 in VLAN 10, an SVI interface on AS1 in VLAN 30, and an SVI interface on AS2 in
VLAN 40.

DS1(config)#interface vlan 20
DS1(config-if)#ip address 172.16.20.1 255.255.255.0
DS1(config-if)#no sh

DS1(config)#interface vlan 30
DS1(config-if)#ip address 172.16.30.1 255.255.255.0
DS1(config-if)#no sh

DS1(config)#interface vlan 40
DS1(config-if)#ip address 172.16.40.2 255.255.255.0
DS1(config-if)#no sh

DS2(config)#interface vlan 10
DS2(config-if)#ip address 172.16.10.2 255.255.255.0
DS2(config-if)#no sh
AS1(config)#interface vlan 30
AS1(config-if)#ip address 172.16.30.2 255.255.255.0
AS1(config-if)#no sh
AS2(config)#interface vlan 40
AS2(config-if)#ip address 172.16.40.3 255.255.255.0
AS2(config-if)#no sh

Arbab Nazar
16. Enable IP routing on DS1. On R1 and DS1, configure EIGRP for the whole major
network (172.16.0.0/16) and disable automatic summarization.

DS1(config)#ip routing

DS1(config)#router eigrp 1
DS1(config-router)#no auto-summary
DS1(config-router)#network 172.16.0.0
R1(config)#router eigrp 1
R1(config-router)#no auto-summary
R1(config-router)#network 172.16.0.0

Arbab Nazar