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GSM Traffic Statistic Analysis

Radio Network Planning & Optimization Dept

Course Target When you finish studying this courseyou can


Master ZTE traffic statistic

Master the meaning of parameter items of common-used traffic


statistic

Master the methods to analyze and position the problems making use of traffic statistic

Catalogue

ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview


Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters Position And Analyze Problems Making Use Of Traffic Statistic Traffic Statistic Analysis Cases

The Function Of Traffic ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview Statistic Analysis

Optimization Data collection scheme

Traffic statistic analysis


Know network performance index

Radio Network Optimization Light adjustment solution and evaluation optimization scheme

Provide clients with


quantitative service guidelines Monitor network performance Position and analyze network

implementation

problems
Improve network running quality

ZTE Traffic Statistic Introduce


Traffic statistic

ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview

Alarm statistic

Performance index

Measurement statistic

CS traffic basic measurement

BTS measurement

A interface Radio measurement measurement

Resource seizure measurement

PS traffic measurement

Traffic Statistic Index ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview

Original traffic statistic index


Synthetical traffic statistic index


SDCCH congestion rate SDCCH assignment success rate

Traffic-to-drop ratio Worst cell ratio

TCH assignment success rate


(China Union definition)

SDCCH call drop rate

TCH congestion rate


TCH assignment success rate TCH call drop rate Handover success rate Random access success rate Paging success rate (correlative index)

Radio connection rate

CS Traffic Basic Measurement

ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview

CS traffic basic
measurement

Basic

measurement task is the measurement which produces basic performance reportincluding resource statusservice statuschannel quality etc.can reflect the total network status more roundly. out statistic according to the modulesmainly including assignment and handover, and the load of CPU Statistic is mainly responsed to RMM, and SMM is used to measure cpu's burthen. BTS powerRx_levelRx_quality and TA in terms of cells, then accumulate the measurement values got from TRX power control counter and report the statistic.

Q3 module measurement

Carry

Q3 cell BTS measureme nt counter

Measure

BTS Measurement

ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview

Power control
measurement

BTS decides whether to control MSs(or BTSs) power or not based on Rx_lev or Rx_qual in measurement report ,and carries out statistic according to different power control factor.

Carrier

frequency service measurement

Its to measure whether channel activationassignmenthandover are successful with carrier frequency as unit, and measure carrier frequency interference bandsMAX and MIN uplink/downlink signal level.

Paging
measurement

Carry out statistic paging drop and the length of queue with carrier frequency as unit.
Measure carrier frequencys service occupation times and occupation time about TCH and SDCCH.

Carrier

frequency basic measurement

Radio measurement
Cell radio measurement
1

ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview

Measure interference and Qos of per channel which is occupying and idle state. Measure MSs radio random access process, including access trying timesprocessing times successful times with different reason.

Radio access measurement SDCCH measurement TCH/F measurement

Measure success times and success rate about SDCCH assignment, allocation& occupation etc., reflect service of SDCCH.

Measure success times and success rate about TCH/F assignment, allocation& occupation etc. ,which is based on configure channels and adjust parameter.
Measure

SAPI3 measurement

connection times receive times and transmitting times of point to point SMS.

Radio Measurement

ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview

RMM assignment measurement RMM call drop measurement Handover reason measurement Handover common measurement

Describe RMM assignment, including assignment attemptexecuting and queue with every reason.

Describe all kinds of channel in signaling flowRMM call drop times call drop reason etc..

Carry out statistic on every handover(out) attempt according to every reason.


Carry

out statistic handover process with every reason,including attemptexecutingsuccess and fail times,reflect handover success rate.

Handover

synchronization

Carry out statistic all kinds of synchronism handover times.

measurement

Radio Measurement

ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview

Neighboring Carry out statistic on mutual handover by selecting some cells and cell handover measurement their neighboring cells. Paging measurement
The

meaning and measurement point of paging measurement counter.

Abis

interface signaling statistic Radio resource usability measurement

Carry out statistic on all kinds of signaling numbers transmitted in Abis interface.

Measure

usage of each cell radio channel resource.

Its

HR statistic measurement

added HR basic measurement according to subscribers need, mainly describe resource status, service status and dynamic changeover status of TCH/H

A Interface Measurement

ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview

A interface carry out statistic on signaling numbers of BSC production forwarding signaling statistic and reception based on signaling name and signaling type. measurement A interface
assignment

call drop handover statistic SCCP measurement connection measurement and ground circuit resource usability measurement

Carry out statistic on assignment call drop and handover times of A interface, carry out statistic and classify on failure status, its helpful to position and solve problem.

Measure SCCP links establish status and usability of ground relay circuit resource.

Resource Occupation ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview Measurement

TRX LAPD link measurement O&M LAPD link measurement


Carry

out statistic on signaling alternant of each LAPD signaling link which connecting TRX when its transmitting and receiving messages via LAPD board ,with TRX LAPD link as unit.

Carry

out statistic on signaling alternant of each O&M LAPD signaling link which connecting TRX when its transmitting and receiving messages via LAPD board ,with TRX O&M LAPD link as unit.
out statistic on signaling alternant of each SCCP link with SCCP link as unit.

SCCP link measurement

Carry

Processor load measurement

Carry out statistic on CPU load internal memory service load and file system load of each SMM and RMM module, with module as unit.

PS Service Measurement
1

ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview

PS basic measurement NS measurement BSSGP measurement NSE measurement

It measures PS basic performance report, including resource status service status and channel quality etc., can reflect comprehensively total PS network performance.

Carry out statistic on BSVC links data transmition signaling alternant and abnormal reason etc. with single NSVC as measurement entity.

Mainly measure messages transmitting and receiving in Gb interface on BSSGP layer of GPRS service.
Carry out statistic on paging status indication message BVC signaling reset times etc. with single NSE as measurement entity.

PS traffic statistic and resource management measurement

PS traffic statistic measure cell services. Resource management mainly measure BSC system resource usage.

Common Used Measurement ZTE Traffic Statistic Overview Report Examples

CS Basic Measurement

Handover

Statistic

Measurement

Catalogue ZTE traffic statistic overview

Definitions of main traffic statistic parameters


Position and analyze problems making use of traffic statistic Traffic statistic analysis cases

Definition Of Common Used KPI

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

SDCCH congestion rate

SDCCH congestion rate(%) =SDCCH overflow times/SDCCH call attempt times 100%= C11604/C11603 100%

SDCCH assignment success rate

SDCCH assignment success rateSDCCH assignment success times/ SDCCH assignment attempt times100 =C11644/(C11644+C11645) 100%

SDCCH call drop rate

SDCCH call drop rate = SDCCH call drop times/SDCCH occupation success times100%=C11605/C11644 100%

Definition Of Common Used KPI

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

TCH congestion rate

TCH congestion rate (without handover) = TCH overflow times (without handover) / TCH call attempt times (without handover) 100%=C11610/C11609 100%

TCH congestion rate (with handover) = TCH overflow times (with handover) /TCH call attempt times (with handover) 100%=

C11612/C11611 100%

TCH assignment success rate

TCH assignment success rate=traffic channel occupation times

without handover/busy time voice channel call attempt times


without handover 100=C11657/C11657+C11658100

Definition Of Common Used KPI

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

TCH call drop rate

TCH call drop rate (without handover)=voice channel call drop times/voice channel occupation times (without handover) 100%

Call drop rate (with handover)=voice channel call drop times/voice channel occupation times (with handover) 100%

Touch off pointAfter ASSIGMENT COMPLETE message.

Handover success rate

Handover success rate(%)= (handover success times/handover request times)100%= C11618/C11617 100%

Definition Of KPI

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

Traffic Capacity

Meanings: the total traffic capacity of all TCH, including TCH/F and TCH/H. Total voice channel traffic= C11616(total busy hours of voice channel)/

carry out statistic period status

Traffic-to-drop ratio

Traffic-to-drop ratio= total voice channel traffic of busy hours 60/total call

drop times of busy times

Total TCH traffic capacity: the sum of voice channel traffic capacity of all cells in local area.

Unit: minutepoint out the time separation of every average two call drop.

Definition Of KPI

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

Worst cell ratio


Worst cell ratio=bad cell quantity/cell quantity 100% Condition:


Busy hours traffic capacity per voice channel>0.1Erland voice channel call drop rate>3 or voice channel congestion rate>5 Decided cell numbers according to average per TCH traffic capacity >0.1.

SDCCH performance measurement Definitions Of Main Traffic signaling statistic point Statistic Parameters
MS
CHL_REQ CHL_RQD

BTS

BSC

A1
CHL_ACT CHL_ACT_ACK

A2

IMM_ASS_CMD IMM_ASS SABM EST_IND

A3

A4

Figure- Immediate Assignment Flow

SDCCH performance measurement Definitions Of Main Traffic signaling statistic point Statistic Parameters
Meanings:

SDCCH call attempt times

total SDCCH call attempt times of busy hours, including such SDCCH allocation requests as normal initial call location updating call reestablishment IMSI request IMSI detach and SMS etc.. Calculation formulatotal SDCCH call attempt times = SDCCH occupation attempt timesfor assignment+ SDCCH occupation attempt timesfor handover Signaling statistic point A1 MeaningsBusy hours SDCCH overflow total times is total times of current system no SDCCH channel for SDCCH attempt during busy hours. Calculation formulaSDCCH overflow total times= SDCCH occupation failure times (for assignment) +SDCCH attempt failure times (for handover) Signaling statistic pointA2

SDCCH overflow total times

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters


Meanings Attempt

times of BSC transmit IMM_ASS message to MS for assigning SDCCH, including assignment success times and failure times. formulaSDCCH assignment attempt times= SDCCH assignment success times+ SDCCH assignment failure times pointBSC received EST_IND or ASSIGN_COM messageor T3101 timeout

assignment attempt times

Calculation

Measurement

Signaling

statistic pointA3

MeaningsTimes

assignment success times

of BSC transmit IMM_ASS, MS successfully access corresponding SDCCH pointBSC received correct EST_IND or ASSIGN_COM

Measurement

message.
Signaling

statistic pointA4

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters


MeaningsTotal

call drop times of after assigned SDCCH, before

Call Drop Total Times

occupying TCH .
Calculation Signaling

formulaSDCCH call drop total timesC11605=

statistic pointAfter BSC received correct EST_IND or ASSIGN_COM message, before TCH assigning complete. SUM of busy hours each SDCCH traffic capacity in

MeaningsThe

Traffic Capacity

current area.
Calculation

formulaTotal Traffic Capacity=SDCCH total busy hours time C11606 / statistic period

TCH Congestion Statistic Definitions Of Main Traffic Signaling Point Statistic Parameters
BTS BSC
ASS_CMD

MSC

B1
CHL_ACT CHL_ACT_ACK

B2

BTS

BSC
HO_REQ

MSC

C1 C2
CHL_ACT CHL_ACT_ACK

-2 TCH Congestion Flow

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters


Total TCH attempt Call Times (without handover)
MeaningsThe

total TCH call attempt times of after occupied SDCCH (with Half Rate), including originating call and called status, assigning TCH be used to SDCCH, without handover.
formula TCH total attempt times (without handover) = TCH/F occupation attempt times (signalingvoicedata)for assignment+ TCH/H occupation attempt times (signalingvoicedata)for assignment statistic pointB1

Calculation

Signaling

Total TCH Overflow Times (without handover)

MeaningsAll

TCH occupation of Radio sub-system, including Full-Rate and Half-rate (without handover). formula Total TCH overflow times (without handover)=TCH/F occupation failure times (signalingvoicedata) (for assignment) + TCH/H occupation failure times (signalingvoicedata) (for assignment). statistic pointB2

Calculation

Signaling

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters


Total TCH attempt times (with handover)
Meanings

The total TCH call attempt times of after occupied SDCCH (with Half Rate), including originating call and called status, assigning TCH be used to SDCCH, with handover. formula Total TCH attempt times (with handover) = TCH/F occupation attempt times (signalingvoicedata) (for assignment)+ TCH/H occupation attempt times (signalingvoicedata)for assignment. statistic pointB1+C1

Calculation

Signaling

MeaningsAll

Total TCH overflow times (with handover)

TCH occupation of current area radio sub-system, including Full-Rate and Half-rate (with handover). formula Total TCH overflow times (with handover)=TCH/F occupation failure times (signalingvoicedata) (for assignment) + TCH/H occupation failure times (signalingvoicedata) (for assignment). statistic pointB2+C2

Calculation

Signaling

TCH Assignment Statistic Signaling Point


MS BTS

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters


BSC
ASS_CMD/HO_REQ

MSC

CHL_ACT CHL_ACT_ACK

ASS_CMD ASS_CMD SABM UA EST_IND

ASS_COM ASS_COM

D1

D2

ASS_COM

Figure-3 Assignment Flow

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters


MeaningsTCH

assignment attempt times after TCH occupied successfully,

TCH assignment attempt times (without handover)

including signalingvoice and data.


Calculation

formulaTCH assignment attempt times =TCH/F assignment attempt times (signalingvoicedata)for assignment+ TCH/H assignment attempt times (signalingvoicedata)for assignment
statistic pointD1

Signaling

MeaningsAll

TCH assignment success times (without handover)

times of receiving Establish Indication or Assignment Complete messages after TCH/F assigning success, including signaling voice and data. formulaTCH assignment success times=TCH/F assignment success times (signalingvoicedata)for assignment+ TCH/H assignment success times (signalingvoicedata)for assignment statistic pointD2

Calculation

Signaling

TCH Call Drop Statistic Signaling Point

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

Radio Link Timeout Call Drop


MS
Measurement report(SACCH) Measurement report(SACCH)

BTS

BSC

MSC

Measurement report(SACCH) Radio link timeout

Connection Failure Indication Start T3109 Clear request Stop T3109


RF Channel Release RF Channel Release ACK

F1

Clear Command

Clear Complete

TCH Call Drop Statistic Signaling Point

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

Intra-cell Handover Failure Call Drop


MS BTS:TRX CHANNEL ACTIVATE CHANNEL ACTIVATE ACK BSC MSC

ASSIGNMENT COMMAND

SET T3107 T3107 Timeout

Clear Request G1

TCH Call Drop Statistic Signaling Point

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

Intra-BSC Handover Failure Call Drop


MS Old BTS: New BTS CHANNEL ACT CHANNEL ACT ACK HO_Command HO_Command BSC MSC

SET T3103 T3103 Timeout

Clear request H1

TCH Call Drop Statistic Signaling Point

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

Inter-BSC Handover Failure Call Drop


MS Old BTS Old BSC MSC New BSC New BTS

HANDOVER REQUIRED CHL_ACT CHL_ACT_ACK HO_REQ_ACK HANDOVER COMMAND HANDOVER COMMAND HANDOVER COMMAND

SET T8 T8 Timeout

Clear request

I1

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters


MeaningsAll

Total TCH call drop times

TCH call drop of every reason in current area subsystem ,including normal channel lost and handover reason etc.
formulaTotal TCH call drop times= TCH/F call drop times + TCH/H call drop times point: carry out statistic CLEAR REQUEST messages after ASSIGNMENT COMPLETE and HANDOVER COMMAND statistic point:F1+G1+H1+I1

Calculation

Start

Signaling

MeaningsTotal

Total busy hours TCH capacity

busy hours TCH capacity is the sum of all TCH traffic capacity in busy hours of current system. formulaTotal TCH capacity = Total TCH busy time/ statistic period

Calculation

Handover Performance Statistic Signaling Point


Intra-cell
MS
MEAS_REP

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

Handover
BTS BSC MSC

MEAS_RES

CHL_ACT CHL_ACT_ACK

J1
ASS_CMD ASS_CMD SABM UA ASS_COM EST_IND ASS_COM

J2

HO_PREFORM

Figure- Intra-cell Handover Flow

Handover Performance Statistic Signaling Point

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

Intra-BSC Handover
MS BTS:Ori_Cell Measurement Report BTS:Des_Cell BSC:Ori_Cell Handover Algorithm BSC:Des_Cell

Measurement Report

CHANNEL ACT CHANNEL ACT ACK

HANDOVER COMMAND HANDOVER COMPLETE

HANDOVER COMMAND HANDOVER COMPLETE

K1

HANDOVER COMPLETE

K2

Figure-4 Intra-BSC Handover Flow

Handover Performance Statistic Signaling Point

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters

Inter-BSC Handover
MS Old BTS Old BSC MSC New BSC New BTS

HANDOVER REQUIRED

HO_REQ CHL_ACT CHL_ACT_ACK HO_REQ_ACK

HANDOVER COMMAND

HANDOVER COMMAND

HANDOVER COMMAND

L1
HO_ACCESS HO_DETECT PHY_INFO SABM UA

HO_COM HO_COM

HO_COM

Clear Command

L2

Figure-5 Inter-BSC Handover Flow

Definitions Of Main Traffic Statistic Parameters


Definitions

Total Handover in request times in busy hours, including Intra-cell, Intra-BSC and inter-BSC handover. formulaHandover required total times C11617= C10912 inter-cell handover in execution times by BSC controls +handover in execution times by MSC controls(C10915+C10917+ C10919 )+ C10982intra-cell handover success times Signaling statistic pointJ1+K1+L1

Total handover request times

Calculation

Handover success times

MeaningsHandover in success times in busy hours, including Intra-cell, Intra-BSC and inter-BSC handover.

Calculation

formulaC11618Handover success total times= inter-cell handover in success times by BSC controls +handover in success times by MSC controls + intra-cell handover success times
Signaling statistic pointJ2+K2+L2

Catalogue ZTE traffic statistic overview

Definitions of main traffic statistic parameters


Position and analyze problems making use of traffic statistic Traffic statistic analysis cases

Traffic Statistic Analysis Content

Position And Analyze Problems Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Call Drop Problems Analysis TCH congestion problems analysis Handover problem analysis

Traffic Statistic Analysis Content


SDCCH congestion problems analysis SDCCH assignment problems analysis TCH assignment problems analysis

Traffic Statistic Analysis Position And Analyze Problems General Idea Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Whole Principle of Traffic Statistic Analysis

Whole PrincipleFrom whole problem to the particular problem, from one-day network index observation to one-week network index, from single index to their correlation, from the key cells to subordinate cells. Before Traffic Statistic AnalysisCollect overall data, including all kinds of performance reports and measurement data, and need to know such basic information as networking structure.

Carry out Traffic Statistic Analysis Based on the principle of grasp the situation macroscopically, handle it microscopically and characteristics of traffic statistic data, traffic statistic analysis is a process from the whole network performance measurements to the cells performance measurements, and a gradual process from the main index to subordinate index.

It analyzes network performance index first, with a clear grasp of the whole network index, then
determines which index are worse, finally analyzes the main cells which cause worse index.

Combine with other network optimization toolsDuring traffic statistic analyzing, it needs to combine with other network optimization tools to position and analyze problems.

Traffic Statistic Analysis Position And Analyze Problems General Idea Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

TOP Analyze Method

Description of TOP 10 Method: Use data sort and filter functions of EXCEL or other software tools to sort each data from bad to good. Thus facilitate connecting each data ,finding the rules and locating problems more easily.

Carry out studying and contrastive analysis on the sub-items statistic function of BSClevel traffic statistic report.

If certain important index (such as call drop ratesuccessful handover rate) are found abnormal in BSC-level traffic statistic report, then carry out cell-level traffic statistic to analyze its more detailed content.

Check the cells which single index is abnormal and has more absolute times of failure

(call dropcongestionhandover failure, etc) .

Combine the two parameters, percentage and absolute times of failure (call drop congestionhandover failure, etc), to decide whether it needs to adopt further measures.

Traffic Statistic Analysis Position And Analyze Problems General Idea Making Use Of Traffic Statistic
BSC Level Report CELL Level Report High Call Drop Rate Alarm Information

CS Basic Service Carrier Frequency Measurement Service Measurement


High Congestion Rate

Cell Radio Measurement

CS Basic Service Measurement

Alarm Information

Radio Access Measurement

Cell Radio Measurement

High Handover Failure Rate Alarm Information Handover Reason Handover Common Adjacent Cell Handover CS Basic Service Measurement Measurement Measurement Measurement

Traffic Statistic Analysis Position And Analyze Problems General Idea Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

The other optimization methods

DTSimulate Subscriber make calls in moving state,


Analyze coveragequalityhandoversignaling.

CQTmake a great deal of calls in different place Signaling TraceCollecting signaling through signaling tool or OMCR signaling trace function.

Index Analysis Filter Position And Analyze Problems Method Making Use Of Traffic Statistic
First Commonness

Commonness Problems

Second Individuality Individuality Problems


Equipment hardware

Handover problems

problems

Other radio parameters

Interference problems Coverage problems

problems

Commonness Problems

Position And Analyze Problems Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Commonness factors lead to bad KPI


Equipment hardware problems Interference problems

Coverage problems
Other factors

Commonness Problems

Position And Analyze Problems Making Use Of Traffic Statistic


TCH

SDCCH/TCH

SDCCH TCH

Commonness Problems

Position And Analyze Problems Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Equipment Hardware Problems


Traffic Statistic Analysis Method of Position and Resolve

performance reportSDCCH and TCH usable rate abnormal< 100% High TCH assignment failure rate especially > 10%
CELL

The hardware problems of transmission error code and stability REPEATER self-excitationtower top amplifier yawp etc. .
Target cell channel activation NACK or TIMEOUT High group link call drop times Synchronize CLOCK Position range of hardware problems according to left analysisjudging whether TRX , CMM and TIC problem, whether power of power amplifier too low, combiner, divider, REPEATER problem etc..

measurementposition call drop and assignment failure of TRX level


BTS

Alarm

statistic: find hardware problems

channel observationcarrier frequency occupying abnormally


Dynamic

measurementSDCCH/TCH channel occupation time


NMS Check

clock problems

transmission find transmission problems


Monitor

Commonness Problems

Position And Analyze Problems Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Interference
Traffic Statistic Analysis Method of Position and Resolve

CELL traffic statisticAnalyze interference bands level

CS basic measurementAnalyze discipline of interference bands appearschange with time and traffic capacity

Frequency checkAnalyze inner interference within same or adjacent frequency point Sweep frequency testsearch external interference DTCheck interference and signal quality status of the problem section ; Adjust BTSs transmit power of correlative cellsantenna downtilt or frequency point etc. to avoid interference; Enable function of HPDTXDPC etc. ;

BTS measurementPosition TRX level interference bands

Handover reason measurementThe ratio of UL/DL RQ handover to all handover

Cell radio measurementAnalyze level and quality status of cells.

interfaces signaling traceAnalyze cells and TRXs with interference.


Abis

Resolve equipment problems (such as: TRX board self-excitationantenna intermodulation).

Commonness Problems

Position And Analyze Problems Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Coverage Problems
Traffic Statistic Analysis Method of Position and Resolve

Cell traffic statistic: Worse UL/DL RQ

DT in weak coverage area; network parameters according to DT

and KPI;

Adjust

Power control performance

result;
BTS

measurement: average of UL/DL signal level is too low;

transmitting power, antenna downtilt

and height, Rxlev_ACCESS_MIN_MS, the neighbor relation, RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN of handover candidate cell.
Adjust

Cell radio measurement: Times of low

RX-Level have higher percentage;

Handover reason measurement:

coverage, avoid over-coverage

Times of rescue UL/DL Rx-lev handover


has higher percentage;

owe-coverage and alone island phenomenon;


Add

BTS.

Call Drop Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Call Drop Type


Radio Link Failure call drop Handover Failure call drop LAPD call drop

Call Drop Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic
Analysis Frame
1 2

Confirm higher call drop cell


BSC

Confirm call drop type

Confirm TRX level call drop


BTS

Analyze call drop factors


Common

Solve Call drop problems


Traffic

Level CELL Level performance report performance report level CS basic performance report measurement
Alarm

measurement

Cell

CELL

radio measurement

problems analysis problems analysis

Individuality

statistic analysis
Signaling

statistic

analysis
Other

Alarm

analysis

optimization methods
From

whole to particular

Easy

to position and analyze

Carrier

frequency level

First commonness then individuality

Execute

and solve problems

Call Drop Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

General cause lead call drop


Handover parameters setting problems Equipment hardware problems UL/DL imbalance

Call Drop
Setting of other Interference parameters is

irrationality
Coverage Problems Common Problems already analyzed

Call Drop Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Handover parameters setting problems Resolve Methods


Add

Traffic Statistic Analysis


Check

handover parameters, find

neighbor relation in reason; handover parameters.

unreasonable parameters setting;


Handover

common measurement, check

Adjust

handover out failure status;


Handover

common measurement, check

handover reason and percents of each kind of handover;


Adjacent

cell handover statistic

measurement: low success rate of handover out aim at certain cellfind target cell with low handover success rate and looking for cause;

Call Drop Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

UL/DL Imbalance (Tower top amplifierHPAAntenna azimuth) Resolve Methods

Traffic Statistic Analysis

CS basic service measurement:

Check tower top amplifierCDURDU BTS boards and RF feeder;

Analyze UL/DL Average_Rx_Lev;

Abis interface signaling trace: Analyze UL/DL Rx_Lev;

Check antenna feeder. Check antenna azimuth and downtilt whether according with design criterion; check antenna feeder, jumper feeder is connected rightly and connecters are connected tightly, feeder is undamaged, make sure standing wave rate under normal range.

Cell radio measurement: Analyze

UL/DL Rx_Lev distributing.

Call Drop Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Other Parameters setting problems Resolve Methods

Traffic Statistic Analysis

Check radio parameters: adjust

irrational parameters;

Amend irrational parameters.

irrational RLT and Rx_lev_Min;

Handover Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Handover Analysis Idea

Handover Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

General Analysis Idea

Cells with handover problems: All cells or individual cell.


Handover direction of problem cells : Handover out cell failure or in cell handover failure;

Object of handover failure: Between service cell and multi-cell or individual cell. MSC1 MSC2 BSC2 BSC3

BSC1

Handover Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Checking Handover Index


Check Check

cells with lower handover success rate; cells with much handover failure times handover out/in failure times, find out main factors of

Analyze

handover failure;
Register Observe

out/in cells handover performance; trait of handover failure: For all adjacent cells or individual

adjacent cellall conditions or part condition lead to ? lower


handover success rate.

Handover Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Possible Factors of Influence Handover Success Rate


Handover Parameters Irrationality UL/DL Imbalance
Common Problems already analyzed

Coverage

Lead Low Handover Success Rate


Equipment Problem

Interference

Handover Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Handover Parameters Irrationality Resolve Methods

Traffic Statistic Analysis


Cell

performance report: Low handover

Check PBGTrescue handover etc.


handover level threshold, setting of handover function switch whether correct.

success rate, more handover failure times;


BTS

measurement: filter TRXs with more

handover failure times.


Basic

Result of handover times vs TCH call

measurement: analyze every

occupation success times is disproportion.


If handover/call3Ping-pong handover exist in all probability, should check handover parameters setting and adjust

handover factors percent, PBGT handover percent too high or too low;
Handover

statistic handover: find out two

cells lead to handover failure.

(least time space of inter-cell, PBGT


HoLevThs etc.)

Handover Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Integrated Analysis Resolve Methods

Traffic Statistic Analysis

Performance report of cells level: target cell


congestion; Extend capacity of target cell or traffic proportion;

CS basic measurement: low handover in success rate, maybe handover in cell hardware problems or has interference etc.;

Check hardware;
Adjust handover parameters; Optimize adjacent cells;

Low handover success rate: maybe target cell congestion or handover parameters setting is irrationality;

Check neighbor relation: whether have omitted neighbor,single or redundant neighbor;

Check exterior cell: setting of exterior cell

parameters error.

Handover Problems Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Other

After eliminate commonness problems, optimize parameters of

adjacent cells, analyze and resolve UL/DL balance problems of adjacent cells,

Analysis Of TCH Position And Analyze Problems Congestion Problem Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Reasons for TCH Congestion


Shortage of system capacity or traffic imbalance Interference Antenna and feeder system problem

TCH Congestion
Coverage problem Data configuration problem
Common Problems already analyzed

Parameters setting problem

Analysis Of TCH Position And Analyze Problems Congestion Problem Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Shortage of system capacity or traffic imbalance Judging Method Solution

Too high traffic capacity in TCH (Traffic

Extend capacity, or adjust configuration of busy and idle carrier cells;

per channel>0.6)

Too much overflow times, system busy for a long time;

Adjust coverage (adjust transmit power


of BTS, antenna azimuth, downtilt, height etc.);

Traffic imbalance (three cells of one

BTS traffic imbalance, or several BTS


traffic imbalance;

Adjust main parameters (CRO, Rxlev_access_Min_MS, enable trafficHo function);

Analyze out serious congestion from performance reports.

Adjust priority level and handover parameters of cells.

Analysis Of TCH Position And Analyze Problems Congestion Problem Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Antenna and Feeder System Problem Judging Method Solution

Frequency point scanning: results to

Check antenna azimuth, downtilt, connection of antenna and feeder

same frequency point through main


and secondary diversity antenna measuring;

system.

Cell radio measurement: signal level,

quality disturbing;

Signaling tracing: measurement report analysis.

Analysis Of TCH Position And Analyze Problems Congestion Problem Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Problem of Parameters Setting Judging Method Solution


Performance statistics report: judging

Adjust irrationality parameters setting; Solve problems.

TCH congestion;

Alarm information statisticBTS or TRX problem;

BTS measurement: check TRXs;

Check parameters:
RxLev_Access_Min_MS, cell reselect parameters.

Analysis Of SDCCH Position And Analyze Problems Congestion Problem Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Reasons for SDCCH Congestion


SDCCH Parameters problem

Interference

SDCCH Congestion

Capacity

LAC Partition

Common Problems already analyzed

SDCCH Congestion Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Problem of Parameters Setting Judging Method Solution

Basic measurement: judging reasons

Adjust parameters (random access error level threshold, RACH access

for SDCCH congestion

Radio access measurement: immediate assignment success times/immediate assignment times>85

level threshold), Maximum


retransmission times, Extend Transmission distributed timeslots );

Adjust location update parameters; Adjust parameters of the dual-band network.

Parameters checking: parameters of correlative with radio access;

Low usability rate SDCCH.

SDCCH Congestion Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

System Capacity Problem Judging Method Solution


Performance report: TCH and SDCCH

Extend network capacity; Add SDCCH; Adjust T3122T3212RACH parameters etc.

both congested;

Performance report: TCH dont congest but SDCCH is congested seriously;

Adjust other parameters.

Parameters adjusting: traffic hinge,


such as aviation hinge, railway station etc., has lots of location updates;

SMS leap.

SDCCH Congestion Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

LAC Partition Problem Judging Method Solution


Performance report: SDCCH

Adjust CRH Adjust cell reselect parameters Adjust T3212 Adjust other parameters.

congested badly;

Basic measurement: percent of location update too high;

LAC partition: business area, LAC

areas are crossed badly;

SDCCH Congestion Position And Analyze Problems Analysis Making Use Of Traffic Statistic

Judging Method Solution


RACH level threshold is lower, at the

Check and adjust frequency point; Solve interferences; Adjust access parameters.

same time has interference, system


mistake for having lots of SDCCH occupation requests.

Performance report: SDCCH

congested badly;

Basic measurement: more useless SDCCH access ;

Analysis of SDCCH Position And Analyze Problems Assignment ProblemMaking Use Of Traffic Statistic

Reasons for SDCCH Assignment Failure


SDCCH Congestion
Interference Transmission Problem

Reasons for SDCCH Assignment Failure


Bad Coverage Software Version Problem
Have analyze common problems

Hardware Problem

Analysis of SDCCH Position And Analyze Problems Assignment ProblemMaking Use Of Traffic Statistic

Integrated Analysis Judging Method Solution

CCCH congestionwithout enough

Adjust priority and quantity of PCH and AGCH;

AGCH channel, thus caused


assignment failure

Frequency check;
Transmission check and adjust transmission way;

Basic measurementsabnormal uplink interference band , abnormal

uplink& downlink RQ value


Change or upgrade the version

Alarm statisticshardware problem Transmission monitoringposition transmission problem

Software version problem

Analysis of TCH Position And Analyze Problems Assignment ProblemMaking Use Of Traffic Statistic

TCH Assignment Signaling Flow

Successful Assignment

Unsuccessful Assignment

Analysis of TCH Position And Analyze Problems Assignment ProblemMaking Use Of Traffic Statistic

TCH Channel Analysis Process


3

TCH Channel Assignment

TCH Channel Allocation


Activation FOR TCH command to BTSthat is TCH channel allocation attempt. BSC receives

It is carried out between

BSC and MS. BTS just transmits commands transparently. Then it is a channel assignment attempt. When BSC receives BTSs feedback message Establish Indication, it is considered assignment is successful.

Channel Occupation

BSC sends Channel

After the system

receives CHANNEL REQUIRE command, it will inquire channel

resources in MP
database.

BTSs feedback message


Channel Activation ACK, then allocation has been done.

Analysis of TCH Position And Analyze Problems Assignment ProblemMaking Use Of Traffic Statistic

Causes of TCH Assignment Failure


Hardware problemsTRXCDUloose panel cables Interference

unreasonable parameter configurationT3107

Coverage problemweak signal or uplink &downlink imbalance ; Other reasonssoft & hardware versions of the systemsignaling

cooperation between BSC and MSC;

Analysis of TCH Position And Analyze Problems Assignment ProblemMaking Use Of Traffic Statistic

Traffic Statistic Analysis

Judging Method

Solution
Check

Performance reportfind out cells with TCH assignment failure; Basic measurementsjudge interference bandcall drophandoveruplink& downlink RQ value; Alarm statisticshardware problems BTS measurementsposition TCH assignment failure of carrier frequency level

whether radio parameters of the cell is reasonable; BERidle interference band level index, decrease radio interference;
Check Check Check DT

hardware of the cells; transmission problems;

analysis;

NMSjudge whether carrier frequency


occupation is normal by occupation time of TCH and SDCCH;

Check

BSC and base station versions to avoid unmatched versions leading to TCH assignment failure.

Parameter configurationunreasonable dynamic SDCCH parameter configuration.

Catalogue ZTE traffic statistic overview

Definitions of main traffic statistic parameters


Position and analyze problems making use of traffic statistic Traffic statistic analysis cases

An Analysis of Call Drop Problem

Traffic Statistic Analysis Cases

Phenomenon Description

On 16, March, from OMCR BAM statistic, I10 of Station 3 of BSC 80 in PAKTEL network had much more call drop rate suddenly, with its rate more than 7%. Call drop times increased a lot.

Problem Analysis

Through carrying out statistic on detailed performance data, checking call drop types, we found radio link failure accounted for great part of call drop;

Through carrying out statistic on the interference band of the cell, we found 3-level or above interference band accounted for higher percentage;

We doubted first that the station had interference. After checking frequency
planning, we found there was no neighboring interference with adjoining cells. Through BTS measurements, we found the second and third carrier frequency of the station had a higher failure rate

From alarm statistics, this station had no hardware alarms,

An Analysis of Call Drop Problem

Traffic Statistic Analysis Cases

Solution

After adjusting MAIO of the third carrier frequency from 8 to 10, the interference disappeared, call drop times decreased greatly and call drop rate restored to normal.

Region

Cell Name

BSC ID

CELL ID

DATE 2006-3-16 2006-3-17 2006-3-18 2006-3-19

TCH in call drop rate(%) 8.17 7.74 7.53 7.97 1.03

Remark

Before
Adjustment

NORTH

I102

80

50022 2006-3-31

2006-4-1
2006-4-2 2006-4-3

0.94
0.85 0.76

After
Adjustment

An Analysis of Handover Problem Case One

Traffic Statistic Analysis Cases

Phenomenon Description

The report data of BAM showed that Cell 1 of Weiyang Greenland Station had a low successful handover rate.

Problem Analysis

Check radio parameters and the configuration is reasonable without


problems. From OMCR BAM dynamic management, we found a carrier frequency of the cell could not be occupied. We judged that there was hardware faulty for the carrier frequency. So we submitted work sheet to

solve the failure.

Solution

The faulty boards and parts had been changed, then the index went up

remarkably and the problem had been solved.

Traffic Statistic Analysis An Analysis of TCH Assignment Cases Problem Case One

A Contrast Before &After Optimization


Cell Location (LAC-CI) Total Times of Handover Request Total times of Successful Successfu l Handover

Date

Station Name

Handover

Rate (%)

2005-06-10 18:0019:00 2005-06-11 18:0019:00 2005-06-12 18:0019:00

Weiyang_Greenland_ D1A Weiyang_Greenland_ D1A Weiyang_Greenland_ D1A

LAC8415CI25023 LAC8415CI25023 LAC8415CI25023 After Adjustment 266 28 10.5 221 64 29 345 52 15.1

Weiyang_Green

2005-06-14 18:00-19:00

land_D1A
Weiyang_Green

LAC8415-CI25023

160

152

95

2005-06-15 18:00-19:00

land_D1A

LAC8415-CI25023

160

154

96.3

Traffic Statistic Analysis An Analysis of TCH Assignment Cases Problem Case Two

Phenomenon Description

In Tong Ning Road Elementary School BTS of Ge Er Mu Mobile company, during DT(site:32, S465,C1:50251/50252/50253), we found the station can not handover among three cells, but can handover (out/in) with neighboring cells normally. No problems can be detected just from BTW traffic statistic because each index is in normal state. Only by DT can we found problems. We analyzed Lay 3 signaling via

DT, and found MS hardly received handover command which was sent out from
the system until the vehicle left, then it handover with other neighboring cells.

An Analysis of TCH Assignment Problem Case Two

Traffic Statistic Analysis Cases

Problem Analysis
Checked parameters of BAM in the station, and the configuration is ok; Then checked station hardware and it is normal; Resetting the station can not solve the problem. reconfigure the base station data can not either.
BSC No. SITE No. CELL No, Adjoining Cell CI 11101(successful handover out attempts to the adjoining cell) 11102(successful handover out attempts to the adjoining cell)

Front and back platform ZDB files are 1 consistent 32

1 1

50252
Other Adjoining Cell

77 53

0 48

Solution
After resetting MP, handover restored to normal.

32

32

50251
Other Adjoining Cell

100

1 1 1

32 32 32

2 3 3

63 57 335

59 0 295

50251
Other Adjoining Cell

An Analysis of TCH in Traffic Statistic Analysis Congestion Problem Case One Cases

Phenomenon Description

On 21, December, we carried out statistic from BAM, and found TCH traffic of the third sector of No. 106 station in BSC8 under Libyan network is very congested suddenly. TCH congestion rateexclude handoverarrived at higher than 30%.

Problem Analysis

Before, this sector wasnt congested, but this time was in sudden TCH traffic congestion. After implementing statistic on the performance report and alarm statistic of the surrounding cells, we found the reason for congestion was that No.127 station corresponding with this cell had broken, thus the neighboring traffic had been

absorbed by the third sector of No, 106 station.

Solution

After coordinating with the office, commission the No.127 station in time. Then TCH traffic congestion of the third sector of N0. 127 had been cleared.

An Analysis of TCH in Traffic Statistic Analysis Congestion Problem Case One Cases

A Contrast Before &After Optimization


SDCCH in Cell and Location Area Cell(LAC-CI) congest ion rate(%) TCH in congestion rate(exclude handover)(%) 0 0 30.24 TCH overflow total number(exclud e handover) 0 0 936

BSC-SITE ID-BTS

Bsc8-Site106-Bts1 Bsc8-Site106-Bts2 Bsc8-Site106-Bts3

LAC8198-CI11061 LAC8198-CI11062 LAC8198-CI11063

0 0 0.04 After Adjustment

Bsc8-Site106-Bts1 Bsc8-Site106-Bts2 Bsc8-Site106-Bts3

LAC8198-CI11061 LAC8198-CI11062 LAC8198-CI11063

0 0 0.04

0 0 0

0 0 0

An Analysis of TCH in Traffic Statistic Analysis Congestion Problem Case Two Cases

Phenomenon Description

In the evening of 2, April, we configured dynamic GPRS channel to BSC1. We observed at daytime on 3, April, and found TCH congestion went up remarkably.

Problem Analysis

Before busy hour of 3, April evening, we adjusted the number of configuration dynamic GPRS channel. All cells just started on channel;

We observed next day and found after the modification at night of 3, April, 11654(TCH assignment failure times not including handover) of many cells under BSC1 is very high, which caused successful service channel assignment rate of Unicom assessment parameters to drop to the lowest point (from 98% to 93through tracking the signaling, we found the first time to configure dynamic GPRS channel, then adjust to TCH channel, the timeslot and channel activation failed.GPRS

TCH

Solution

An Analysis of SDCCH Congestion Problem

Traffic Statistic Analysis Cases

Phenomenon Description

In September, after No.61 new station had been commissioned, SDCCH channel of the third cell congested suddenly and its congestion rate was as high as 35%.

Problem Analysis

Through analyzing the basic measurement of the cell, we found the reason for SDCCH congestion in the third cell was that there existed a great amount of positions to be updated. After checking plan data and LAC division, we didnt find unreasonable points. Thus we analyzed that this new station had certain mistaken data during commissioning.

Solution

After checking, we found LAC No. of the third cell in the station is 8198, while LAC No. of other two cells of the station is 8199. It is confirmed that during commissioning the new station, LAC No. of the third cell was input 8198 mistakenly. It should be 8199. Thus caused a great amount of positions to be updated. Through readjustment, SDCCH congestion rate restored to normal.

An Analysis of SDCCH Assignment Problem

Traffic Statistic Analysis Cases

Phenomenon Description

When a certain office has commissioned satellite transmitted BTS, S4 of A Company and 500 mobile phones of B Company can not connect to the internet or call.

Problem Analysis

Through analyzing signaling, we found that after sending IMMEDIATE CMD message of BSC, the waiting time for MS to report EST IND message is always timeout, which caused BSC side release the new channels on local end. And presently, unilateral delay of the satellite transmission in the network from the satellite to the ground station or from the ground station to the satellite is 150ms, which caused some mobile phones can not receive immediate assignment command after they send out channel requests, thus they can not connect to the internet or call normally.

Solution

BSC adopts immediate assignment optimization to send channel activation and immediate assignment simultaneously, thus decrease signaling transmission delay, then abovementioned mobile phones can connect to the internet and call normally.

An Analysis of TCH Assignment Failure

Phenomenon Description

In the third cell of No.1 station of PHO, its call drop rate arrives at 6.9% ,successful handover in rate is only 68.38%, while handover out rate is 91.31%.

Problem Analysis

TCH assignment rate is morn than 10%, from which we excluded the interference problem and make sure that the cell has hardware problems. After analyzing BTS measurements of the cell, we found that TCH assignment failure rate of the second carrier frequency in the cell is very high, arriving at 30%. And during on-site testing, we found that after occupying this carrier frequency, the signal level is 20dB less than BCCH carrier frequency level.

Solution

After changing carrier frequency, each parameter restores to normal.

An Analysis of TCH Assignment Failure

Traffic Statistic Analysis Cases

A Contrast Before &After Optimization


TCH in call drop rate(include handover)( %)

BSC -SITE ID-BTS

Cell and Location Area Cell(LAC-CI)

TCH dropped call total number

TCH assign failure rate(%)

Handover in success rate(%)

Handover out success rate(%)

Bsc80-Site1Bts3

LAC1003-CI50003

6.9

98
After Adjustment

12.28

68.38

91.31

Bsc80-Site1Bts3

LAC1003-CI50003

0.9

2.28

92.38

92.89