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# Jabatan Pelajaran Selangor

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Program Peningkatan Prestasi Selangor 2009: Fizik
SKEMA PERMARKAHAN
Paper 2
Section A
MARKS
MARKING CRITERIA
No. TOTAL
1.(a) Convex lens 1
(b) 4 cm 1
(c) Shorter// nearer // decreases 1
(d) refraction 1
4
2(a) alpha 1
(b) Background emission // alpha has a short range in air 1
(c) 1. Correct axis 1
2. Correct curve 1 5
(d) Any value from 20-40 minutes // shown on graph 1
3(a) Rate of flow of charges 1
(b) (i) Brighter // increase 1
(ii) Less resistance 1
(c) Step –up transformer 1

(d) 1. 22 x 4 1
2. 16W 1
6
4 (a) Gravitational force acting on an object 1

## (b) (i) Show on diagram 1

(ii) Upthrust / buoyant force 1

## (c) (i) 3.0-2.5 =0.5 N 1

(ii) Vρg = 0.5 1
V = 0.00005 m3 1
(d) Archimedes principle 1 7

5 (a) Amount of heat required to increase the temperature by 1°C for a mass of 1 1
kg of substance

θ = 16.67°C 1

## (ii) 15000 = 1 x 390 x θ

θ = 38.46°C 1
correct method for b(i) and b(ii)
(c) The rise in temperature for metal block P is smaller than Q // vice versa 1

## (d) (i) Specific heat capacity of metal block P is greater than Q 1

(ii) The rise in temperature is smaller when specific heat capacity 1
is greater

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Thermal equilibrium is achieved 1 8
6(a) Transverse wave 1
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(b) (i) Wavelength in shallow area is shorter // vice versa 1
(ii) when depth increase 1

## (c) (i) 1. v = 12 x 0.1 1

2. = 1.2 m/s 1
(ii) v = 12 x 0.2
3. = 2.4 m/s 1
(d) Depth increase , velocity will increase too. 1
(e) Energy per unit volume is smaller in deep area 1 8
7. (a) (i ) a = 11.11 – 0 1
20
= 0.56 ms-2 1
(ii)1. F = 2900 x 0.56 1
2 = 1624 N 1
(b) (i)1. increase the number of tyres 1
2. reduces pressure 1

(ii)1. use many small tanks // divide large tanks to small tanks 1
2 reduces the effect of inertia 1

## (c) (i) distance // rate of change of distance 1

time
(ii) momentum of heavy vehicle depends on the speed / directly 1
proportional to the speed or greater momentum causes more
damage / difficult to control direction / greater impulsive
force when accident occurs 10

## 8 (a) The power of device is the rate of which it transfers energy 1

// power = energy transferred
time
(b) Electrical energy to light energy (and heat energy) 2

## (c) (i) Heat energy 1

(ii) Filament bulb :
- 11.25 x 100 %
75
- 15 % 2
Energy saver bulb :
- 11 x 100 %
20
- 50 % 2
(iii) Energy saver bulb
High efficiency // less wasted energy 2
(d) Refrigerator or any other appliances 1

## Choose frost-free refrigerator // not allow frost to accumulate too thick in 1

the freezer // close the door tightly 12

Total 60

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Section B
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MARKS
No. MARKING CRITERIA
SUB TOTAL
9(a) 1 Contact surface area in 9.1 is smaller than in 9.2 1
2 Pain / discomfort is greater in 9.1 than 9.2 1
3 The smaller the contact area, the grater the discomfort and the 2
greater the pressure
(b) Pressure = force per unit area 1
Unit : N m-2 or Pa 1
(c) Rounded end, large contact surface with thumb, small pressure, thumb is
protected. 2
Sharp end, small contact surface with softboard, large pressure and the
softboard is pierced 2
(d) 1. Used wider tyres to increase contact area / decrease pressure.
2. Use low density /light material to reduce the weight of the motorcycle.
3. Add one wheel to the back or to the front to improve stability.
4. Deep thread patterns or more definitive patterns to improve
5 Soft material, increase impact time / decrease impulsive force 10 20
10 (a) (i) Correct diagram – permanent field 1
- electromagnet field 1
- combined field 1
(ii) Show the direction and label the force 1
(iii)N 1
(b) (i) PQ moves away from the holder/ to the left 1
(ii) PQ moves further in Diagram 10.4 1
(iii) the strength in 10.4 is larger 1
(iv) the larger the strength the longer the distance 1
(v) the stronger the magnet the larger the force 1
(c) (i) - Use radial magnet
- Produces uniform magnetic field
- Use cylindrical core
- Produces uniform interaction between permanent magnetic
field and the magnetic field produce by the copper coil
(ii)- Use soft iron core / use stronger magnets
- Increasing the strength of magnetic field
- Increasing the number of turns of coil
- Will increasing the degree of deflection // accuracy
(iii)- Attach hair springs
- When there’s no current flow, spring will return to its original
position 10 20
11 (a) Image cannot be caught /formed on a screen 1
(b) Position of principal axis, object, focal point and concave mirror
Parallel ray reflected to the focal point (A) 1
Light ray from C reflected along the same path(B) 1
Extension of (A) and(B) until they meet 1
Draw upright image where they meet 1

## (c) Virtual, laterally inverted, same size 2

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(d) 1. Type of window – glass
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2 withstand higher temperature / higher melting point //
glass trap radiant heat better than plastics
3 Use multiple reflectors
4 reflect more sunlight/ /concentrating more light into the box
5 type of lid used is clear glass lid
6 allow food to be observed while it is cooking without
removing the lid
7 use dark aluminium pot suspended in a clear pot
8 trap the heat inside// trap heated air next to the pot // isolating
the air inside the cooker from the air outside // very even
heating // sun is able to shine into the sides & bottom of the pot
9 solar cooker S
10 Reason….
10
(e) (i) 30° 1
(ii) 45° 2 20
12(a) Doping is a process of adding a certain amount of specific impurities to 1
semiconductors to increase their conductivity

## (b) - Diode forward biased / diagram p-type to positive of battery, 1

n-type to negative of battery
- electron from p-type pulled across p-n junction / p-n junction 1
narrowed / resistance decreases
- Diode reverse biased / diagram p-type to negative of battery, 1
n-type to negative of battery
- both electrons and holes pulled away from p-n junction / p-n 1
junction widened / resistance increases

(c) (i)
VQ = 500 // 0.48 V 2
12 12000 + 500
The bulb not light up 1

(ii) 1 = 500 1
12 R1 + 500
R 1 = 5500 Ω 1

## (d) 1 LDR is connected between terminal BE / base circuit

2 When intensity of light is low / dark, resistance of LDR
increases / so V BE is large / transistor switched on
3 Terminal positive of batteries is connected to base
4 So that base circuit is forward bias
5 Bulbs are arranged parallely
6 All bulbs are connected to voltage supply of 240V
7 Relay switch is used
8 So that the secondary circuit will switch on // So that the
electromagnet will switch on the secondary circuit
9 Choose X
10 Reason……
10 20

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