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CMP
C A B L E G L A N D A N D C A B L E C O N N E C T I O N S P E C I A L I S T S
CMP
CRUCIAL CABLE CARE
Overview of Different Seal Types
In general there are five different types of sealing methods used on the
cable inner bedding, which are:-
i. Compression Seal
ii. Displacement Seal
iii. Diaphragm Seal
iv. Compensating Displacement Seal (CDS) System
v. Compound Barrier Seal.
These are better described as follows :-
i. Compression Seal (Sealing Ring)
The Compression Seal is an elastomeric sealing ring that has a V
groove or weak back in its design that is intended to be closed in
order to create a downward seal on the cable inner bedding, when the
same compressive force is equally applied to both sides of the seal.
ii. Displacement Seal (Sealing Ring)
The Displacement Seal does not employ a weak back design. Instead
the Displacement Seal is gradually pushed down a taper until it makes
an effective seal on the cable.
iii. Diaphragm Seal (Sealing Ring)
The Diaphragm Seal comprises of a flexible elastomeric membrane that
is usually attached to the armour cone, and it is designed to fit snugly
after stretching over the cable inner bedding. This is intended to make
no impression on the cable inner bedding.
i. Compression Seal
ii. Displacement Seal
iii. Diaphragm Seal
When terminating cables and wires during the process of installation
of electrical equipment this should be done by qualified and
competent personnel in line with good engineering practice,
observing safe electrical practices. It is also important that the
correct cable entry device or cable gland is selected to suit the cable
being used. For instances using normal unarmoured cables, the cable
would usually be fed through a cable entry device that has a sealing
ring activated onto the cable outer sheath. The choice of cable glands
to suit this unarmoured cable may need to take into account any
vulnerability of the cable, which may be especially critical if the cable
is an instrument cable. Two factors which could affect the long term
cable performance are the type and design of the cable gland sealing
function, and the possibility of this being inadvertently, or otherwise,
over tightened onto the cable sheath.
In some applications it may be necessary to provide some
mechanical protection to prevent the cables from being damaged or
completely severed by accidental encroachment of machinery or
other major impact. This mechanical protection may be provided in
the shape of a metallic conduit that can house individual insulated
cable conductors or a normal unarmoured sheathed cable.
Alternatively a metallic sheath or armour included in the cable
construction during its manufacturing process may be used.
When cables with a protective metallic sheath or armour are chosen,
these may be constructed with or without an extruded inner bedding,
underneath the layer of armouring. In some cases this extruded
bedding may be substituted by a polymeric covering or tube that
contains the insulated conductors.
Cable glands for armoured cables, with a single outer seal should be
selected for cables without an inner bedding or covering under the
armour. Cable glands for armoured cables, with a double, inner &
outer, seal configuration would normally be selected for cables with
an inner bedding or covering under the armour.
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