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Title page

Alcatel-Lucent 9353
Wireless Management System Small Cells | BCR4.3
Introduction
9YZ-05614-0609-ACZZA
Issue 2 | September 2013

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Legal notice
Legal notice

Alcatel, Lucent, Alcatel-Lucent and the Alcatel-Lucent logo are trademarks of Alcatel-Lucent. All other trademarks are the property of their respective
owners.
The information presented is subject to change without notice. Alcatel-Lucent assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies contained herein.
Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All rights reserved.
Contains proprietary/trade secret information which is the property of Alcatel-Lucent and must not be made available to, or copied or used by anyone outside
Alcatel-Lucent without its written authorization.
Not to be used or disclosed except in accordance with applicable agreements.

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Contents
About this document
vii
Purpose ............................................................................................................................................................................................ vii
Reason for reissue

....................................................................................................................................................................... vii
vii

New in this release

...................................................................................................................................................................... vii
vii

Intended audience

....................................................................................................................................................................... vii
vii

Supported systems

...................................................................................................................................................................... vii
vii

How to use this document ....................................................................................................................................................... viii


viii
Prerequisites ................................................................................................................................................................................. viii
viii
Conventions used

....................................................................................................................................................................... viii
viii

Related information
Document support

........................................................................................................................................................................ ix
ix

Technical support

........................................................................................................................................................................... x
x

How to order

.................................................................................................................................................................................... x
x

How to comment
1

..................................................................................................................................................................... ix
ix

............................................................................................................................................................................ x
x

Introduction to Small Cells


Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1-1
Small Cell solution ................................................................................................................................................................... 1-2
1-2

Small Cell network management


Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-1
2-1
9360 Small Cell Solution ....................................................................................................................................................... 2-2
2-2

Small Cell network elements


Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-1
3-1
Principal network elements ................................................................................................................................................... 3-2
3-2

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Contents
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Small Cell management system


Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-1
4-1
SCMS ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 4-2
4-2

Small Cell auto-configuration


Overview ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-1
5-1
Small Cell configuration

........................................................................................................................................................ 5-2
5-2

Terminology
Glossary of terms ...................................................................................................................................................................... 6-1
6-1

Index

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List of figures
2-1

Small Cell solution - Combined architecture

.................................................................................................. 2-4

3-1

Small Cell Solution network architecture ......................................................................................................... 3-2

3-2

SCMS architecture

4-1

WPS - Provisioning procedure

4-2

Small Cell and data flow ......................................................................................................................................... 4-5


4-5

.................................................................................................................................................... 3-4
3-4
............................................................................................................................. 4-3

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List of figures
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Issue 2 September 2013

About this document


About this document

Purpose

The purpose of this document is to provide an overview of the 9360 Small Cells solution,
general architecture of small cells, and the documentation on Small Cells.
Reason for reissue

The reissue reasons are:


Issue number

Issue date

Reasons for reissue

September 2013

Standard issue

September 2013

Standard issue

New in this release

New features:
None
Other changes:

Removed chapter 6 'Customer documentation' from the document.

Changed the document title from Alcatel-Lucent 9353 Wireless Management System
Small Cells - Introduction and Documentation Guide to Alcatel-Lucent 9353 Wireless
Management System Small Cells - Introduction.
Updated WMS client hardware and software. See SCMS (p. 4-2).

Intended audience

The audience for this document is the installation and configuration management
personnel.
Supported systems

This document applies to Alcatel-Lucent Small Cell system release BCR4.3.


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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

How to use this document

No specific recommendation applies regarding the way readers should read this
document.
Prerequisites

None
Conventions used
Vocabulary conventions

The vocabulary conventions used in this document are described in the following table:
Old naming convention

New naming convention

Femto Management System (FMS)

Small Cell Management System (SCMS)

Femto Management Solution (FMS)


Femto

Small Cell

fBSR

Small Cell

BSR Femto

Small Cell

BSR cluster

Small Cell Cluster

Wireless Management System for Femto


(WMS for Femto)

Wireless Management System Small Cells (WMS


Small Cells)

Wireless Provisioning System for Femto


(WPS for Femto)

Wireless Provisioning System Small Cells (WPS


Small Cells)

IuCS Protocol Converter (IPC)

Iu Protocol Converter (IPC)

5580 Home Network Manager (A5580


HNM)

Home Device Manager (HDM)

Security Management Server (ALSMS)

Security Gateway Management System

For a complete list of terms used in this document, see Glossary of terms (p. 6-1).
Typographical conventions

The typographical conventions used in this document are described in the following table:
Appearance

Description

italicized text

File and directory names

Emphasized information

graphical user interface text

None

variable

None

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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Appearance

Description

key name

None

command-syntax

None

input text

None

output text

None

IP reference, IP number

Related document that is referenced in the document

Related information

For information on subjects related to the content of this guide, refer to the documents
listed in the following table:
Refer to this document

At this location

For more information on

Alcatel-Lucent 9353 Wireless


Management System Small
Cells - User Guide ,
9YZ-05614-0623-TCZZA

http://support.alcatellucent.com

WMS used in the Small Cells


network and Graphical Interface
that provides tools for planning,
building, operating and
maintaining a network.

GSM NSS / UMTS UCC CCN


- OA&M Manual,
411-8111-503

http://support.alcatellucent.com

Operations, administration,
maintenance of Circuit Core
network elements.

Document support

For support in using this or any other Alcatel-Lucent document, contact Alcatel-Lucent at
the following telephone numbers. These numbers apply for document support only. Please
see the section Technical support for details about product hardware, software, and
technical support.
When using this type of
phone

From within the United


States, dial

From outside the United


States, dial

Cellular or VoIP

1-888-582-3688

+1-630-224-2485

Landline phones lacking the


plus (+) character

1-888-582-3688

origination country exit


code-1-630-224-2485
(replace the plus sign with
your country's exit code)
See a listing of exit codes.

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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Technical support

For technical support, contact your local Alcatel-Lucent customer support team. See the
Alcatel-Lucent Support web site (http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/support/) for contact
information.
How to order

To order Alcatel-Lucent documents, contact your local sales representative or use Online
Customer Support (OLCS) (http://support.alcatel-lucent.com)
How to comment

To comment on this document, go to the Online Comment Form (http://infodoc.alcatellucent.com/comments/) or e-mail your comments to the Comments Hotline
(comments@alcatel-lucent.com).

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Introduction to Small Cells


1

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes the Small Cells concept.


Contents
Small Cell solution

1-2

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Introduction to Small Cells

Small Cell solution

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Small Cell solution


Features and benefits

This section explains the advantages and possibilities obtained from the Small Cells
solution.
The Small Cells solution provides Fixed-mobile telephony convergence with the
following additional advantages:

One phone - One bill

Excellent domestic coverage and capacity


The same services inside and outside (voice mail, directory, video call)
Full Mobility: No login or complicated sign-on procedures
Zero-touch function

Simple installation with automatic self-configuration


Cluster capability to create an economic mobile network

For the operator, the Small Cell solution offers the following benefits:

Indoor coverage with low CAPEX and network optimization with reduced OPEX
Defense against independent VoIP services
Increased UMTS adoption and usage in the macro network
Scalability that can match demand

Standard 3G interfaces
Ability to transfer user traffic from the macro cell to a residential DSL line
Cost-effective coverage of remote rural areas

The Small Cell device provides a private and personalized mini cell of up to four User
Equipments (UEs) to communicate simultaneously.
At the user level, this functionality provides the capability to use the same mobile phone
within or outside the Small Cells environment. When the Small Cell equipment is
detected, the network advantages are applied to the communication.
Small Cells can be configured to limit the access to the registered Small Cell UEs (up to
four UEs).
The Small Cell device can also be configured to allow other Small Cell UE to access the
network. This way, a Small Cell user can communicate with the same network
advantages.
Thus, a cluster of mini networks can be created. Isolated housing estates or small
businesses can benefit from the advantages of an economic mobile network.

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S2mall Cell network


management

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes the functions of Small Cells in the network.


Contents
9360 Small Cell Solution

2-2

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Small Cell network management

9360 Small Cell Solution

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

9360 Small Cell Solution


Features and benefits

The introduction of the Small Cell changes the network and operations centric point of
view. The Small Cell device provides a private and personalized mini cell that can support
up to four UEs.
The 936x Small Cell devices can be installed at the customer premises, and can be turned
on or off as required.
The Small Cell device may or may not be active (turned on) depending on the customer
preference. Thus, a management application is required that can:

Asynchronize group operation handling that queues operations until the device is
active.
Have an alarm that does not consider a switched off device as a failure.

Small Cell devices introduce the home network and subscriber into the end-to-end service
delivery chain that requires a method to deal efficiently with subscriber requests for
assistance (customer care).
The management application manages a large number of devices (usually 500,000). To
avoid overload of devices on the management application, the interaction frequency must
be controlled and the communication pattern must be robust against failures.
Due to the larger number of managed devices, the first alert management of macro cells
network using real-time alarms cannot be applied. Therefore, an ADSL type first alert is
required for an efficient customer care system.
Wireless base stations, such as the ones used in the macro-cells can have large associated
data models, typically around 2000 parameters, that are managed through an MIB. When
a macro base station is scaled down to a Small Cell device, the same level of detail cannot
be maintained.
Increase in the number of devices increases the requirement for solution storage, and
complicated searches in data model of this size can significantly affect the OAM
performance. In addition, a large part of the configuration is quasi-static, which can be
mapped to a small number of supported Small Cell profiles.
For this reason, Small Cell devices work with a mixed TR-069 model that consists of:

Parameters that can be managed atomically. For example, initial configuration


parameters and any parameter for which TR-069 notification is required.
Parameters that can be grouped into profiles. For example, RF configuration of the
device. The parameters are modeled by profile ID instead of individual parameter
values.

The Small Cell devices are managed by SCMS.


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Small Cell network management

9360 Small Cell Solution

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The architecture combines:

The Alcatel-Lucent Home Device Manager (HDM) that is used to manage TR-069
based CPE, suitable for customer care centers.
You can use HDM for:
Zero-touch provisioning, interfacing with CPE and configuration updates in sync
with SCMS.
Software upgrades
Problem diagnosis and troubleshooting
Event management for Small Cell devices

The WMS Small Cells, a dedicated version of the Alcatel-Lucent W-CDMA


Management System that supports:
Small Cell auto-configuration.
Synchronization with Macro Layer Radio configuration using the East-West
interface.
Fault management of the Small Cell Gateway that includes FGW and IPC.

3GPP R6 FM North bound interfaces.


Configuration management of FGW using WPS Small Cells.
Performance management; FGW counters collection and storage.

In addition to HDM and WMS Small Cells, Alcatel-Lucent also provides the following
optional tools:

WPS Small Cells to manage Small Cell profile (planning, edition, and checks on
templates) and FGW configuration management.
The File Server (FS) to store Small Cell solution performance management files and
RF traces when WMS Small Cells reach the maximum capacity.

Combined architecture

The convergent architecture considers the global scenario, where ADSL, WCDMA, and
Small Cells exist together.
SCMS is built by adopting the best from ADSL OAM solution (HDM) and WCDMA
OAM solution (WMS Small Cells). The following diagram Figure 2-1, Small Cell
solution - Combined architecture (p. 2-4) shows Small Cell devices within the extended
network architecture.
The Small Cell solution architecture consists of Small Cell devices and Small Cell cluster.
The Small Cell cluster includes the FGW, BVG, BPG, and other network elements
required to connect to the legacy MSC or SGSN.
A Small Cell contains one active FGW (redundancy configurations are possible) and can
support up to 65,536 Small Cells in capacity, connectivity and performance.
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Small Cell network management

9360 Small Cell Solution

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To support 65,536 Small Cells in a cluster, four Brick pairs (active/standby) are required
to host BVG, BPG, Network Firewall, and IPSec router functions.
Figure 2-1 Small Cell solution - Combined architecture

Small Cell groups

A Small Cell can be either standalone or part of a group. However, a Small Cell cannot be
a member of more than one group.
Small Cells of a group that belong to the same Small Cell cluster share the definitions for
the following:

Mobility LAC/RAC/SAC
Common Access Control: The ACL list can support up to 256 IMSIs and the extended
ACL list can support up to 10,000 IMSIs.

Same billing
Emergency calls

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Small Cell network management

9360 Small Cell Solution

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Femto Health Check

You can use the Femto Health Check (FHC) tool to monitor health of a Small Cell
network. FHC is also called as Femto Traffic Verification (FTV). The FHC tool provides
network health information for Alcatel-Lucent Small Cells network monitoring teams by
logging in to the network elements to check status, and inspect logs and PM files. The
FHC tool operates independently of the existing OAM systems.
The FHC monitors the SCMS - FileServer, and generates generic and SCMS-specific
alarms. For more information, see Alcatel-Lucent Small Cell - Femto Health Check - User
guide, 9YZ-05614-0018-PCZZA.

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Small Cell network management

9360 Small Cell Solution

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S3mall Cell network


elements

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes the fundamental network elements used in the Small Cell solution
and their requirements.
Contents
Principal network elements

3-2

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Small Cell network elements

Principal network elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Principal network elements


Overview

The following figure shows Small Cell solution network architecture.


Figure 3-1 Small Cell Solution network architecture

Small Cells

Small Cells form the basis of the Small Cell solution and are provided by Alcatel-Lucent
that are configured to operate with the Alcatel-Lucent software.
Security Gateway (SeGW)

The SeGW implements the logical functionality of firewall and IPSec routers in the Small
Cell solution. It is a mandatory network element provided by either Alcatel-Lucent or a
third-party.
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Small Cell network elements

Principal network elements

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The SeGW provides the following functions:

IPSec Gateway:
The IPSec Gateway provides IPSec tunnel endpoints to all Small Cells of a cluster.
IPSec tunnels are set up in coordination with the AAA server. By default, each Small
Cell is mapped to an IPSec tunnel.
The following information is communicated through the tunnel between Small Cells
and the SeGW:
Signaling traffic to and from the operators network elements
IuCS user plane packets
IuPS user plane packets
OAM traffic to and from the SCMS
Firewall:
The SeGW provides the firewall functionality between Small Cells and the operator
network. It secures operator network from harmful traffic. The signaling traffic
between operator network and managed IP network is transmitted through the firewall
on an IPSec tunnel.

In an event of harmful traffic, the IPSec router secures the tunnel from Small Cells and
protects the core operator network.
For a third party SeGW, the FGW uses the AAA proxy function that assists SeGW to
resolve authentication, authorization, and IP configuration of Small Cells.
9365 BSR Signaling Gateway (BSG)

BSR Signaling Gateway (also known as FGW) integrates Small Cell cluster and core
network. The FGW has following functions:

Perform signaling translation between SS7 and BSR IP domains Signaling


Concentrator.
Projects Small Cells as a single RNC for W-CDMA and GSM network.

ATCA-based FGW

The FGW is available in two-hardware variants:

Sun hardware-based (existing)


ATCA blade-based (new)

The ATCA chassis can host up to six FWGs. The SCMS management of ATCA
blade-based FGW hardware provides seamless integration with the FGW management.
SmallCells ATCA: To manage ATCA chassis and other components (excluding FGWs) in
the chassis (transport cards), a new called Small Cells ATCA (SCATCA) is introduced in
SCMS.

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Small Cell network elements

Principal network elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The FGW hosted in the chassis manages the SCATCA. This FGW is also known as Shelf
Manager FGW. The operator is expected to identify the Shelf Manager FGW.
The FGW architecture consists of the following major components:
See Figure 3-2, SCMS architecture (p. 3-4) for more information on SCMS architecture
containing ATCA-based FGW.
Figure 3-2 SCMS architecture

Iu Protocol Converter (IPC)

By default, the Small Cell cluster provides an IP-based interface to connect to a 3G-MSC.
The IPC is an optional NE that is used to convert IuCS and IuPS over ATM to IuCS and
IuPS over IP for transmission within the Small Cell cluster.
When required, the IPC is provided by Alcatel-Lucent and is positioned between:

FGW and the 3G-MSC for the IuCS and IuPS Control Plane
BVG and the 3G-MSC for the IuCS User Plane

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Small Cell network elements

Principal network elements

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Network Time Protocol (NTP) server

To provide accurate synchronization within the Small Cells network, Alcatel-Lucent


recommends the carrier-class server manufactured by Brilliant Telecommunications.
77xx Service Router (SR)

Alcatel-Lucent uses the 77xx Service Router series (7710 SR-c12, 7750 SR-7, 7750
SR-12) that perform the following functions:

Serve as Small Cell core network routers to provide gateway resiliency for the Small
Cell cluster components directly connected.
Serve as edge routers from the Small Cell network towards the Small Cell access
network and towards the customer core network.
Perform IP over ATM encapsulation (RFC 2684) to enable Small Cell cluster
connection with an SGSN using the IuPS over ATM interface.
Serve as an ATM edge router to provide APS for higher reliability for both the IuCS
and IuPS interfaces on the ATM links from the 3G-MSC and SGSN.
Note: The 77xx SR routers are managed by the WMS through a 5620 SAM server.

Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting server (AAA)

Alcatel-Lucent can provide an AAA server to interface with the Home Location Register
(HLR) for authentication and authorization.
DNS/DHCP server

Alcatel-Lucent provides a compatible-server for the Small Cells solutions that performs
the Domain Name System (DNS) and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
functions.

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Small Cell network elements

Principal network elements

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S4mall Cell management


system

Overview
Purpose

This section describes the Small Cells network management solutions, including
configuration and data flow management at various levels of SCMS architecture.
Contents
SCMS

4-2

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Small Cell management system

SCMS

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

SCMS
Alcatel-Lucent Home Device Manager

The Home Device Manager (HDM), previously known as Home Network Manager
(HNM), is a standard web application used for deployment. The HDM runs on standard
hardware (SUN server) and software (BEA WebLogic Application server, Solaris OS,
Oracle database) that allows easy deployment on an operator data-center infrastructure.
For Small Cells, the HDM provides an intelligent and centralized solution to manage
digital home networks. It supports the Small Cells fulfillment and assurance processes
with extensive automation and sophisticated troubleshooting capabilities.
HDM addresses the operational challenges and complexity of digital home networks that
consist of home gateways, set-top boxes, and VoIP phones. It manages tasks related to
CPE management, such as zero-touch provisioning, configuration updates, software
upgrades, monitoring, problem diagnosis, and troubleshooting.
HDM provides multi-vendor management capability based on DSL Forum TR-069
standard, such as:

Device inventory management


CPE identification
Inventory data
Device metadata

Fulfillment
Resource provisioning
Policy management
Trouble and alarm management

Security
Roles and rights

Operations logging

9353 Wireless Management System

The WMS is a Java application hosted on Windows PC client and software (Microsoft
Windows Vista Business/Enterprise service pack 2/Windows XP Professional service
pack 3/Windows 7 (OS), Oracle database, and JMS services). The WMS Small Cells is
built on a scalable, open client-server architecture. The server components are connected
through an open and robust Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) bus.
The WPS application uses a user-interface with a Java client-server architecture that
delivers flexible remote and local user access.

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Small Cell management system

SCMS

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WPS supports the following:

Small Cell Gateway fault management (FGW, IPC)

Small Cell Auto-configuration


Profile Management of Small Cells by using 9952 WPS Small Cells
Synchronization with Macro Layer Radio configuration using East-West Interface
(option)

Performance management: Counters collection and storage (option), and 3GPP R6


XML interface

9952 Wireless Provisioning System Small Cells

The WPS platform is a high performance Java application. WPS is a generic engine
providing a wide range of configuration management and reporting capabilities.
In Small Cells, 9952 WPS Small Cells is used for offline configuration:
The following figure illustrates the provisioning procedure:
Figure 4-1 WPS - Provisioning procedure

The WPS GUI can be used to manually configure the following:

Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting server


FGW

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Small Cell management system

SCMS

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

FemtoCluster
FemtoNetwork
FemtoGroup

Femto
HDM
Iu Protocol Converter

MacroCells
Network Time Protocol server
Profile
SCATCA
Service Router

The application is used to create work orders that can be processed either instantly or at
an appropriate period.
The following figure describes the device activation in the network by Small Cell - auto
configuration using WPS, and the data flow.

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Small Cell management system

SCMS

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Figure 4-2 Small Cell and data flow

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Small Cell management system

SCMS

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S5mall Cell
auto-configuration

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes the Small Cell auto-configuration functions.


Contents
Small Cell configuration

5-2

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Small Cell auto-configuration

Small Cell configuration

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Small Cell configuration


Automatic configuration

Small Cells can be configured automatically. When a subscriber orders a Small Cell
device, the subscriber postal address is used to set the initial geographical situation
coordinates for the Small Cell. The subscriber can provide up to four UE numbers to be
configured to use with the Small Cell. The device is configured with its IMSI in factory
settings.
Note: The subscriber mobile number is available in the ACL, which is
pre-provisioned by SCMS.
The end-user can install the device by connecting the device to a power supply and to an
active DSL line. After you install the device, the configuration is automatically started
using the subscriber configuration data and one of the UEs.
The automatic configuration actions include:
1. Recognizing the device by the AAA server for authentication.
2. Establishing an IP connection between Small Cells, SCMS and FGW.
3. Authenticating Small Cells and connecting with SCMS and FGW.
4. Downloading initial parameters in to Small Cells including RF parameters.
5. Performing a scan using the UE to analyze the RF environment of the Small Cells.
6. Self-optimization to ensure high-quality performance of Small Cells without affecting
the performance of others cells in the network.
The following are the source information for the automatic configuration:

W-CDMA Macro layer information, such as W-CDMA NodeB geographic location in


latitude or longitude and RF parameters that is provided by the East-West interface.

Small Cells profile created using WPS.


The consumer information provided by the customer back office, such as IMSI,
customer name, and latitude and longitude can be consolidated in WPS with RF and
transport inputs.

For each Small Cell deployed in the network, the operator must pre-configure Small Cell
devices in the network with the correct profile that contains the following information:

IMSI
IP address on the VPN (used in IPSec tunnel)

Associated Small Cell cluster (to define the Security Gateway tool to be used)

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Small Cell auto-configuration

Small Cell configuration

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You can use WPS Small Cells to pre-configure Small Cell devices in the network. The
pre-configuration tasks include:

Generation of a Small Cell snapshot from the customer back office that contains
information, such as geographical location in latitude and longitude (z-coordinate
format), Small Cell serial number, subscriber personal information, IMSI and ACL.
Generation of a snapshot of the existing Small Cell devices by SCMS.

Merging of both snapshots using WPS Small Cells.


Determining Small Cells with incomplete configuration information, such as
undefined cluster or security gateway in the network and completing the configuration
information using the bulk-update feature.

Generation of a work-order after the comparison between the two snapshots in CM


XML format. The work-order is imported in to SCMS using the WPS-WMS CM
XML interface to update all the Small Cell devices.

After the work-order is imported in WMS Small Cells, the automatic configuration
process in the WMS Small Cells generates a configuration file derived from cell-planning
algorithms for the Small Cell that is used to start the Small Cell.
The configuration file contains parameters specific for the Small Cells, such as:

Primary scrambling code


Cell ID
Neighbor list
Transitory cell scrambling code

The WMS Small Cells also loads the latest software version in the Small Cells using the
SFTP secured protocol. After the Small Cell is updated with the parameters and software,
the subscriber can turn on the Small Cell. The Small Cell is activated in the network and
downloads the configuration file through the security gateway. The automatic
configuration is started that configures the Small Cell.
During the auto-configuration process, at least one of the UE numbers that was specified
at the time of purchasing the Small Cell that is within a meter of the Small Cell must be
turned on. The Small Cell is configured with the RF parameters obtained from the
measurements on the UE. This avoids conflicts with neighboring Small or Macro Cells.
The subscriber can now make or receive calls through the Small Cell.
Auto-configuration in a regionalized network

The auto-configuration steps are as follows:


1. Recognition by the AAA server for authentication.
2. The Small Cell CPE downloads the default software from the Walled Garden (WG)
file server using the HTTPS session. The default Small Cell software is stored in the
WG file server.
Note: The WG file server and WG HDM are hosted on the same hardware.
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Small Cell auto-configuration

Small Cell configuration

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3. The Small Cell CPE sends the TR-069 messages outside the tunnel to SCMS (WG
HDM) using the HTTPS session.
4. SCMS (WG HDM) identifies the Small Cell CPE through publicly-routable IP
address provided by ISP and responds to the TR-069 messages.
5. SCMS (WG HDM) provides the public HDM details to the Small Cell CPE through
the TR-069 session.
6. The Small Cell CPE establishes the HTTPS session with the public HDM.
7. The public HDM provides the SegW address, CRproxyaddress, Primary DNSadress,
and Secondary DNS address.
8. Small Cell CPE establishes the connection with the SeGW and sets up the IPsec
tunnel with FGW.
9. Centralized SCMS establishes the TR-069 session with the FGW and sends the
connection request (CR) to the FGW.
10. The FGW functions as a proxy and forwards the connection request (CR) to the Small
Cell CPE through the IPSec tunnel.
11. The Small Cell CPE downloads the bulk CM xml file from the file server.
Satellite backhaul

The satellite backhaul feature introduces initial satellite support for the Small Cell. The
satellite link is used to provide backhaul instead of a DSL line. The satellite support is
limited to fixed location applications, for example, a residential Small Cell, or a Metro
Small Cell at a fixed location. Satellite support is not provided for applications where the
Small Cell location is not fixed.
A maximum of one Small Cell per link or modem is possible. A single link cannot be
shared by multiple Small Cells. The SCMS performance management does not currently
manage Small Cells with satellite support.

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Terminology
6

Glossary of terms
Acronyms and abbreviations

This chapter lists the acronyms, abbreviations, and terms specific to the Small Cell
Management System (SCMS).
Terminology

Definition or Meaning

AAA

Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting


Authentication, Authorization and Accounting is a way of checking
user access to a network.

ACS

Authentication: verifies the user identity, with a password


requirement or other mechanism.

Authorization: verifies what the users are allowed to do, for


example, the services they can access or the levels of quality of
service that can be applied.

Accounting: provides billing according to different principles


such as time, data volume, application used, and provider.

Automatic Configuration Server or Auto-Configuration Server


The Auto-Configuration Server (ACS) is a management application
controlled by a service provider that takes care of configuring the
Layer-3 and higher layer features and parameters of the residential
Customer Premises Equipment (CPE).

ALSMS

Alcatel-Lucent Security Management System


The Alcatel-Lucent Security Gateway Management System
provides OAM functions for the BVG network element.

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Terminology

Glossary of terms

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Terminology

Definition or Meaning

BPG

BSR Packet Gateway


A BPG acts as a concentrator for the Internet interface for a Small
Cell cluster, presenting a single IP address towards the SGSN from
a "virtual RNC" represented by the BPG. It performs port and
address translation to enable routing to or from the base station
routers (BSR Gateways). Depending on the number of BSR
Gateways in the cluster, several BPGs may be deployed per Small
Cell cluster.

BSS

Business Support System

BVG

BSR Voice Gateway


The BVG acts as the "virtual" MSC router for the BSR Gateway
and as the "virtual" RNC router for the MSC (Note: IuUP is
transparent to the BVG).

CoA

Care of Address
In Internet routing, a care-of address is a temporary IP address for a
mobile node (mobile device) that enables message delivery when
the device is connecting from somewhere other than its home
network.

CPE

Customer Premise Equipment


The Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) is a generic term used to
describe all customer devices, including modems, Integrated Access
Devices (IAD), Residential Gateways (RGW) and terminals.

CSM

Customer Support Manager

CSR

Customer Service Representative

CWMP

CPE WAN Management Protocol


The CPE WAN Management Protocol (CWMP) is a protocol
defined by the DSL forum's Technical Report TR-69 for secure
auto-configuration as well as other CPE management functions.

device management

Management of CPE devices including the following main


processes and functions:

Bootstrap provisioning: installing parameters and applications


on a device to establish a given service for the first time, or for
resetting a device to initial settings

Continuous provisioning: updating a device with new data,


parameters, or application upgrades to replace pre-existing
versions

Retrieval of management information from devices

Remote device troubleshooting.

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Terminology

Glossary of terms

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Terminology

Definition or Meaning

DHCP

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DHP

Digital Home Platform

DSL

Digital Subscriber Line

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

GGSN

Gateway GPRS Support Node


The Gateway GPRS Support Node has the function to interconnect
the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) network with the
external world, such as the Internet. The GGSN can help mobile
packet network operators to evolve to suppliers of high added value
services.

HGW

Home GateWay

HLR

Home Location Register


It is the main database of permanent subscriber information for a
mobile network. It contains location, subscription, and
authentication information.

HDM

Alcatel-Lucent Home Device Manager


This node is responsible for the Small Cell unit configuration
updates in conjunction with Small Cell Management system, status
monitoring, problem diagnosis, troubleshooting, and software or
firmware upgrade management.

HSDPA

High Speed Downlink Packet Access


HSDPA was introduced by 3GPP to improve the DL. HSDPA is an
introduction of a new transport channel that is only available in the
downlink.

HSUPA

High Speed Uplink Packet Access


HSUPA was introduced by 3GPP to improve the UL. HSUPA is an
enhancement of classical dedicated channels. It is also known as
Enhanced Dedicated Channel (EDCH).
This provides the same quality of high-speed services offered on
fixed-line broadband access systems to mobile users.

IMSI

International Mobile Subscriber Identity


A code which uniquely identifies a subscription and serves as a key
to derive subscriber information such as directory number(s) from
the home location register.

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Terminology

Glossary of terms

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Terminology

Definition or Meaning

IP

Internet Protocol
Internet Protocol (IP) specifies the format of packets (or datagrams)
and the addressing scheme for sending information over the
Internet or some other network.

IP autoconfiguration

IP auto-configuration minimizes or eliminates the effort required by


the user to configure the Customer Premise Equipment (CPE) IP
settings, but without merely shifting that burden to the operator.
This is achieved by developing network mechanisms that automate
initial IP configuration and life cycle management of the CPE.

IPC

Alcatel-Lucent Iu Protocol Converter


This optional network element converts Iu (IuCS and IuPS) traffic
over ATM to Iu traffic over IP for transmission within the Small
Cell cluster. It is only offered where IuCS over IP capable MSC is
not available in the operator network.

IPsec

IP security
The IPsec Router terminates the secure tunnel from the Small Cell
which secures traffic across the non-trusted backhaul connection. It
includes firewall functionality to protect the operators core network
against intrusion and denial of service attacks.

J2EE

Java 2 Enterprise Edition

JMS

Java Message Service

LA

Location Area
An area in which a mobile station may move freely without
updating the location register. A location area may comprise one or
several routing areas, and one or more cells.

LAC

Location Area Code

MIP

Mobile Internet Protocol

MMS

Multimedia Message Service


A service - standardized by 3rd Generation Partnership Project
(3GPP) - for sending multimedia messages including a combination
of text, audio, graphics, image, animation, and video.

MSC

Mobile Switching Center


The MSC is an exchange that performs the functions of switching,
routing and control of the call, as well as charging and accounting,
and controls interworking with fixed networks. It is in charge of
managing the circuit switching communication between mobile
handsets, the transmission of Short Messages, and handover (when
needed).

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Terminology

Glossary of terms

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Terminology

Definition or Meaning

NBI

NorthBound Interface

NBS

NorthBound System

NTP

Network Time Protocol


This is used to guarantee the timing throughout the network by
using a single clock as the reference for all the Network elements

OSS

Operations Support System

PDP

Packet Data Protocol


Any protocol which transmits data as discrete units known as
packets, for example, IP, or X.25.

PPP

Point to Point Protocol

PSC

Primary Scrambling Code

QoS

Quality of Service
The Quality of Service (QoS) is a measure of how good the data is
delivered to the end user (how much packet loss, jitter, delay, and
so on). It is used to differentiate telecommunication services based
on measurable parameters evaluated or controlled through network
monitoring. QoS expresses and verifies the capability of a network
to fulfill a Service Level Agreement or to grant that some specific
parameters (technology-dependent) do not exceed predefined
limits.

RA

Routing Area The total area served by a mobile network is


organized in small geographical divisions called Routing Areas.
Each Routing Area is, in turn, divided into smaller units called
cells.

RAC

Routing Area Code

RPC

Remote Procedure Call

SAM

Alcatel-Lucent 5620 Service Aware Manager

SCMS

Alcatel-Lucent Small Cell Management System

SMC

Service Management Client

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol

SSM

Self Service Manager

STB

Set-Top Box

TR-069

Technical Report 069.


This is a DSL Forum technical specification entitled CPE WAN
Management Protocol (CWMP). It defines an application layer
protocol for remote management of end-user DSL devices.

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Terminology

Glossary of terms

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Terminology

Definition or Meaning

UE

User Equipment (UE).


This refers to the combination of Mobile Equipment (ME) and
smart card. It can also include other equipment, for example, a
laptop computer.

URL

Uniform Resource Locator

VoIP

Voice Over Internet Protocol.


VoIP (voice over IP - that is, voice delivered using the Internet
Protocol) is used in IP telephony for a set of facilities for managing
the delivery of voice information using the Internet Protocol (IP). It
means sending voice information in a packet mode rather than in a
circuit mode used by the Public Switched Telephone Network
(PSTN).

VPN

Virtual Private Network


A network exhibiting at least some of the characteristics of a private
network, even though it uses the resources of a public switched
network.

WAN

Wide Area Network


A Wide Area Network (WAN) is a geographical dispersed long-haul
telecommunications network usually made up of backbone links.
The term distinguishes a broader telecommunication structure from
a Local Area Network. A WAN may be privately owned or rented,
but the term usually connotes the inclusion of public networks that
are highly regulated and provide superior reliability and resilience.

WAP

Wireless Access Protocol


Wireless Application Protocol is the current standard for providing
Internet communications on digital mobile phones, personal digital
assistants and other wireless terminals.

WMS Small Cells

Alcatel-Lucent 9353 Wireless Management System Small Cells

WPS Small Cells

Alcatel-Lucent 9952 Wireless Provisioning System Small Cells

XML

eXtensible Markup Language

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Index

D document support, ix
.............................................................
P phone numbers

for document support, ix


.............................................................
S Small Cell

auto-configuration, 5-1
benefits, 1-2
features, 1-2
management system, 4-1
NEs, 3-1
network management, 2-1
overview, 4-2

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Index
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