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2nd Street, Guingona Subdivision, Butuan City


Revised by: Brian Pamatlawan Garcia

Originally Prepared by:

Virnalisi Mindaa- Mencidor, Ed. D.

Edited by:

Rodulfo P. Esteves, Ph.D. Felomino A. Gargar, Ed. D.

January 2013


Writing a research/ thesis is a partial requirement in the fulfillment of a degree. It is for this reason that the Research and Extension Development office of Holy Child Colleges Butuan had come up with this Manual in research/thesis writing, so that the researcher/s will be guided on the desired format required by the college. The contents of this are properly explained and simplified in a manner where a new researcher may find it understandable and easy to follow.


The Holy Child Colleges of Butuan Research and Extension Development office would like to thank University of Southeastern Philippines Tagum Mabini Campus, College of Teacher Education and TechnologyGraduate School under the chairmanship of Dr. Roque N. Langcoy, and the HCCB- IT Department Mr. Brian Garcia and Mr. Fransandy Hontanosas.

RESEARCH POLICIES A. GENERAL POLICIES As embodied in the Academic Policies of the institution, the HCCB faculty members need to continually explore areas of inquiry through active participation in research endeavors. They are expected to: 1. 2. 3. 4. Participate in formulating the research agenda for the College and HCCB; Generate research paradigm to enhance instruction in their fields of specialization; Encourage students to become creative, innovative and productive researchers; Study recently published papers on basic and applied researches, materials development, feasibility studies, and others; 5. Participate actively in local and international conferences; and 6. Publish articles/monographs in recognized and referred journals and magazines. B. Specific Policies 1. All faculty should publish at least one research every year. 2. Faculty with faculty ranks of Assistant Professor, Associate Professor and Professor cannot move to a higher rank without evidence of scholarly research published either in the Cogito Ergo Sum or the Teacher Education Journal. 3. Research proposals should be approved by the Institutional Research Council. 4. Only approved researches shall be supported by the institution. 5. Researches should be in line with the research agenda of the institution. 6. Performance of the faculty with rank of Assistant Professor, Associate Professor and Professor shall be evaluated in terms of the following criteria: 6.1 Instruction 6.2 Production 6.3 Research 6.4 Extension 7. The faculty with approved research proposal may request for deloading; the number of units shall be based on the scope of work of the research but should no go beyond 6 units. 8. The request of deloading shall be evaluated by the Dean of the College where the faculty belongs and the Institutional Research Council and shall be forwarded to the Vice President for Academic Affairs who may recommend approval to the Office of the President. 9. Incentives for research shall be enjoyed by the faculty. 10. Research proposals shall be presented to the Institutional Research Council every 1st week of June and 1st week of March every school year. 11. Approved Researches shall be considered in the budget for research. 12. Outputs of approved researches are presented in a forum scheduled annually; such forum is attended by all the faculty of the institution. 13. Research findings are submitted to the editorial board for review prior to publication of the HCCB journals. 14. Researchers may submit outputs to professional association for possible paper presentations. 15. Researchers may also submit research output for publication of referred journals.


Institutional Research Agenda Advancing HCCBs role as contributor to nation-building, it is imperative upon the institution to adopt research agenda that address the needs of the community (local, regional, national). Serving as a platform in increasing HCCBs relevance to Mindanao is choosing research direction in the areas related to Safety and Security, Food, Health, Entrepreneurship, Systems Development, E-Commerce, Environment Preservation, Mental Health, Behavior and Multi-Cultural Counseling. These research areas hope not only to energize research students and faculty researchers but also to develop technologies that could offer solutions in addressing the problems of safety and security, food sufficiency, health concerns, entrepreneurship, systems development through ICT, business, environment preservation, mental health, behavior disorders and maladjustments, and multicultural counseling to promote peace. The publication of the CHED Research Agenda serves as a springboard of the HCCBs institutional research directions. The recent implementation of the Philippine Higher Education Research Network by the Commission on Higher Education offers an opportunity to possibly source-out external funding source. The HCCBs Research Extension and Development (RED) Office is a dynamic potent force to keep HCCBs distinct place in the educational landmark.

Guided by the National Higher Education Research Agenda, the Holy Child Colleges of Butuan (HCCB) considers the following agenda during the SY 2013-2014. CRIMINAL JUSTICE EDUCATION EDUCATION 1. The young adult outcomes of childhood and 1. Arts & Arts Education adolescent antisocial behavior. Demand for arts, viability of the arts sector, arts 2. The contribution of family adversity and verbal education policy IQ to criminal behavior 2. Early Childhood Education & Out-of-School 3. CRIMES AS SOCIAL EVENTS IN THE LIFE COURSE: Time Effectiveness. Cost, quality, governance, RECONCEIVING A CRIMINOLOGICAL supply, demand, access CONTROVERSY 3. Postsecondary Education Governance, 4. Crime, Punishment, and Restorative Justice: education programs, minority Participation From the Margins to the Mainstream 4. Principals, Teachers & Teaching Supply, 5. Critical Criminology at the Edge: Postmodern demand, quality improvements, leadership Issues, Perspective, Integration, and Applications pay for performance, gains modeling. 6. Studying Criminality and Criminal Offenders in 5. Standards-Based Reforms, Accountability, & the Early 20th Century Philippines Testing No Child Left Behind; value-added 7. Philosophical Issues and Criminological Theory and gains analysis; Input, process, and performance indicators; innovative assessments. INFORMATION COMMUNICATIONS 6. Technology, Information, & Innovation TECHNOLOGY Computer-based interventions, date-based 1. Information Technology for Manufacturing decision- Making Business-Driven Information Technology 7. Vocational & Adult Education High school 2. Emissions and Fuels Research reforms, school-to-work transitions, Training for 3. Transportation systems Research the workplace. 4. Toward and Information Technology Research Agenda for Public Administration NURSING AND HEALTH SCIENCES 1. Nursing and nursing-led interdisciplinary BUSINESS MANAGEMENT EDUCATION interventions to promote function in people of all 1. Technology Assessment of E-Commerceages with disability and/or chronic health Building problems. 2. Electronic Commerce Customer Relationship 2. Experience of disability and/or chronic health Management problems for individuals and families across the 3. Mobile Commerce Customer Relationship lifespan. Management 3. Rehabilitation in the changing healthcare 4. New Perspective on M-Commerce Research system 5. A research agenda for collaborative 4. The rehabilitation nursing profession. Commerce6. Global E-Commerce A Portal Bridging 5. Health Promotion the World Markets 6. Cancer Symptoms and Side Effects 7. Late Effects of Cancer Treatment and GRADUATE SCHOOL Long Term Survivorship Issues 1. Mental Health Status of Public School Teachers 8. End of Life (EOL) Issues 2. Dysfunctional Families and Crime 9. Psychosocial and Family Issues 3. Parental Molding and Personality Disorder 10. Nursing-Sensitive Patient Outcomes (NSPOs) 4. Life after Annulment of Marriage 5. Behavior Disorder and Crime 6. Stress Tolerance Among Homeroom Facilitators 7. Multicultural Counseling 8. Counseling Techniques for Drug Users


Senior Personnel Research Specialist - at P15,000.00 x 12 months - Other Benefits Other Personnel Research Assistant - Other Benefits Equipment Materials & Supplies Consultant Printing Travel Fund for Researchers TOTAL

217,800.00 43,560.00

101,640.00 27,830.00 338,800.00 235,950.00 108,900.00 108,900.00 121,000.00 605,000.00 1,909,380.00


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An Undergraduate Thesis Presented To the Faculty of the COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Holy Child Colleges of Butuan Butuan City, Philippines

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In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree BACHELOR IN ELEMENTARY EDUCATION Major in Early Childhood Education


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March 2013

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A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Holy Child Colleges of Butuan Butuan City, Philippines


In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master in Guidance and Counseling



March 2014

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This undergraduate thesis entitled, PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF GRADE SIX PUPILS IN HOLY CHILD COLLEGES OF BUTUAN, prepared and submitted by Kristine A. Lumbre, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Bachelor in Elementary Education, has been examined and is hereby endorsed for oral examination, approval and acceptance.
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___________________________________________________________________ PANEL OF EXAMINERS bold APPROVED by the Panel of Examiners with a grade of 1.25.
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Bold and underlined

Rodulfo P. Esteves, Ph. D Chairman

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Felomino A. Gargar, Ed. D. Member

Virgil Leo E. Gumanoy, Ph. D Member

___________________________________________________________________ bold ACCEPTED in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Bachelor in Elementary Education.
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FELOMINO A. GARGAR, Ed. D., IABMCP Dean, College of Education

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APPROVAL SHEET This thesis entitled, PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF GRADE SIX PUPILS IN HOLY CHILD COLLEGES OF BUTUAN , prepared and submitted by ALEX A. SABELLANO, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Master in Guidance and Counseling, has been examined and is hereby endorsed for approval and acceptance. VIRNALISI MINDAA- MENCIDOR Adviser ___________________________________________________________________ PANEL OF EXAMINERS APPROVED by the Panel of Examiners with a grade of 1.25.

Rodulfo P. Esteves, Ph. D Chairman

Felomino A. Gargar, Ed. D. Member

Virgil Leo E. Gumanoy, Ph. D Member

___________________________________________________________________ ACCEPTED in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, master in Guidance and Counseling.
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Comprehensive Examination: Passed


Vice President for Academic Affairs

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3 single lines This section is a personal account of the researcher extending his/her gratitude to those who helped him/her in the completion of the study. The people could be named but the researcher has the freedom to select whom he/she has to include. It is recommended however to include only those people who actually helped him/her in the completion of the study. This section should be limited to not be more than two pages. 1.25 A modest citation of the people is enough to give credit to their contributions. 1




This section is optional. However, if this is included then this must appear in the table of contents. There is no recommended format and given the freedom to choose the font style, size, indention, line spacing and others. Only text is allowed.

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ABSTRACT 2 lines TITLE (all caps font 12) 3 lines NAME OF THE RESEARCHER (all caps font 12) 3 lines This section is a summary of the study and should not be written in bullet form. This is only one paragraph that will compose of the following: purpose of the study, research design and respondents, major findings of the study, conclusions and recommendations.

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Page Title page Approval Sheet . Acknowledgment .. Dedication . Abstract .. .. Table of Contents List of Tables List of Figures .. List of Appendices
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i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix

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THE PROBLEM AND RELATED LITERATURE Background of the Study Review of Related Literature ..

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Theoretical Framework Conceptual Framework .. Statement of the Problem .

Hypothesis.... Significance of the Study Definition of Terms

METHOD Research Design Research Respondents . Research Instrument Research Procedure Statistical Treatment of the Data ..

PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF FINDINGS Level of Parental Involvement .. Level of Academic Performance Significant Relationship between the Academic Performance and the Levels of Parental Involvement




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Page Respondents of the Study Level of Parental Involvement in terms of . Level of Parental Involvement in terms of Level of Academic Performance

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All tables used in the study should be listed here. Must be numbered systematically as they appear from the first page to the last page.


Figure 1 Conceptual Framework of the Study .


All figures should be listed here. Must be numbered systematically as they appear from the first page to the last page.

LIST OF APPENDICES Appendix A B C D E Letter for the HCCB President .. Letter for the VP/ K-12 Director Content Validity Forms.. Sample Survey Questionnaire.. Sample Calculations and Statistical Output .. Page

All appendices should be listed here. Use letters systematically as they appear from the first page to the last page.

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Chapter 1

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Background of the Study

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This should start with the first paragraph detailing the main perspective of the problem. Context should be supported by authorities, (at least 10 sources or more as long as it exhaust the study) to establish the trustworthiness of the study. The writer must persuade the readers that the study will help solve some educational problems/discover new knowledge or prove existing theories.
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The second paragraph should set the global situations. Major arguments related to the occurrence of the problems and the solutions employed by various practitioners in international setting should be presented. The discussion must illustrate critical analysis of the arguments. The next succeeding paragraph will be the national and the local scenario to establish the occurrence of the problem at a national and local level. The last paragraph must be concluded with the need of the conduct of the study by presenting the significance of the study (but not considered as to another subheading).


Review of Related Literature

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Thorough research is a requirement to complete this section. This is a critical analysis of the results of the related studies conducted. Concepts are based on the variables of the study or as presented in the statement of the problem. To strengthen this section, argumentation is a key element by elaborating through examples, comparing and contrasting results of previous studies and giving personal observation. To avoid plagiarism, researchers must take extra care in citing literatures. To avoid this, the following must be carefully observed: 1. Paraphrase- state the work of other people using different words and changing the organization (order of sentences and ideas) of the statement. 2. If original phrasing is unique and cannot be paraphrased, must be italicized or be enclosed in a quotation mark and referenced at the end. There are two ways by which the quotation or idea of other authors can be cited: 1. Information-prominent- the surname of the author with the year of publication is written at the end of the idea enclosed with a parenthesis. Example: Literature review is a discussion of previously written studies (Mencidor, 2010), 2. Author-prominent- emphasis is given to the person who made the proposition (if the author is well known in the field for this adds credibility to the information).

Words that can be used include: Disputes defines affirms maintains assumes claims

Argues asserts agrees mentions confirms disagrees Suggests admits 3. Internet sources (article) must be cited the same as the information from the books and journals. If it contains the name of an author, the family name and year format must be used. If it is the name of the organization, year format must be cited. Citing the web address is not a professional practice in research. 3 single lines Theoretical Framework 3 single lines Contains the different theories by which the study is being anchored. Each theory should be contributory to the development of the conceptual framework.
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Conceptual Framework 3 single lines This is the framework of the study showing the interplay of the variables being investigated. Each variable used is taken from the theories discussed and it must be operationally defined at this section. 3 single lines Statement of the problem 3 single lines

This is written in interrogative form. It includes only questions which are mutually inclusive. Questions that are not contributory to the attainment of the objectives of the study should not be included. Almost all research/thesis start with asking the profile of the respondents. If the variables of the study do not include the profile of the respondents, do not include this in your research problems. 3 single lines Hypothesis 3 single lines In some studies, there are more than one hypotheses, it is widely accepted that the heading is written in singular.

1.25 Page number is not shown Chapter 2 METHOD bold, written in Arabic numeral, only the first letter is capital all capital, bold

Presented in this chapter is the methodology used to answer the research questions posed. 3 single lines Research Design 3 single lines This section presents the research design used in the study. It is discussed by giving the definition or giving justifications of the selection of the research design. 3 single lines Research Respondents/Participants/Subjects 3 single lines If the study requires the samples to be under treatment just like experimental studies, the appropriate term is subject. Respondents if the study requires the samples to answer a questionnaire. But if the study requires the samples to contribute to discussion, argument, dialogue and others, the samples are called participants. The aim of this section is to provide answers to the following: who are the subjects; why and on what capacity are they selected; and what contributions can they make toward the achievement of the aims of the study. Table showing the distribution of the respondents will be included in this section. Sampling design is also included in this section. The selection of the total number of respondents must be clearly argued to show that the true samples are the representative of the population.

Research Instruments 3 single lines

If the questionnaire is adopted, the clarity of the language should be considered as well as the acceptability of the population. The characteristics of the questionnaire must be validated by experts (minimum of three). If the questionnaire is researcher-made, the process of development should be clearly outlined and discussed. The focus of discussion should be reliability and validity of the instrument. The process of questionnaire development is outlined as follows: 1. identify the domains of each variable. 2. Identify the indicators of each domain. 3. Develop test items for each indicator. 4. Pilot test the questionnaire with samples similar to your subject. 5. Analyze the result of the pilot test. 6. Revise the questionnaire based on the result of the pilot test. 7. Re- test the revised questionnaire to determine the reliability index of the questionnaire. All these seven steps must be elaborated in this section. The veracity of research findings depends on how valid and reliable the instruments are. 3 lines Research Procedure 3 lines This part outlines the step by step process of gathering data needed. The permit from proper authorities was granted and the assessment (testing, retrieval, recording of the questionnaire) was conducted.

1.25 Statistical Tool 3 lines Statistical tool/s used in this study should be discussed in this section.


Results and findings of the study will be presented in this section. Presentation of the findings follow the statement of the problems. The first subheading must answer question number 1 and so on.

3 single lines Table Format An introduction must be written in the first paragraph introducing the variable to be discussed. The title of the table must be written above the table and it must be properly labeled as to what table number it is (center). The discussion text of the table follows two lines below the table. For every data presented, structure the arguments by identifying the trends from the data, support them by literature, compare, contrast, elaborate, give evidence, and propose implications of the data. The indicators in the table should be stated using first person pronoun, however, in the table for discussion, nominalization of the items is required. Example: (questionnaire) I treat other people as being worthy of my trust and confidence. Presented in the discussion: Treating other people worthy of the trust and confidence.

Note: Researcher should keep in mind that the discussion should persuade the readers to believe the credibility of the study. General Guidelines in reporting statistical results 1. Report the results of the data analysis used to test a hypothesis. 2. Report should be in condensed format. 3. Statistical report should relate directly to a hypothesis 4. Restate the hypothesis, then state whether your results supported it, then give the data and statistics that allowed you to draw this conclusion. 5. In reporting the results of statistical tests, report the descriptive statistics, such as means and standard deviations, as well as the test statistic, degrees of freedom, obtained value of the test, and the probability of the result occurring by chance (p value, should be rounded to two decimal places). 6. All statistical symbols that are not greek letters should be italicized (M, SD, t, p, etc.). 7. When reporting a significant difference between two conditions, indicate the direction of this difference, i.e. which condition was more/less/higher/lower than the other conditions). Assume that your audience has a professional knowledge of statistics. Dont explain how or why you used a certain test unless it is unusual. Guide in interpreting the results: Descriptive Statistics Mean and Standard Deviation are most clearly presented in parentheses: The sample as a whole was relatively young (M=19.22, SD= 3.45). The average age of students was 19.22 years (SD= 3.45).


Percentages are also most clearly displayed in parentheses with no decimal places: Nearly half (49%) of the sample was enrolled in the program.

Correlations Correlations are reported with the degrees of freedom (which are N-2) in parentheses and the significance level:

Chapter 4


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This chapter presents the summary of findings, conclusions and recommendations from the implications of the data by the researcher.
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Summary Summary should be presented here in numbered format that corresponds to the problem statements. Only the major trends that directly answer the research problems should be included and no further discussion of the summary is needed.
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Conclusions Not all problems would require conclusions and they are based from the implications of the data. It should be presented in numbered format.
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Recommendations This is based primarily on the significance of the study. Each item can have more than 1 recommendation as long as it fits the significance of the study. This must be written as follows: 1. It must address the need of the respondents. 2. Help improve the institution or the location of the study. 3. Recommendations for future studies.

REFERENCES All references must be written in alphabetical order. Regardless of types and source must be written as one. Bibliographical entries from internet, books and journals are also incorporated in this section. Example:

Adams (2009). Climate- The Emotional One that Is. Retrieved October 20, 2009 from (hanging) Charles, C. M, and Senter, G. W. (2005). Elementary Classroom Management. New York: Holt, Hinehart and winstin, Inc.


All caps, bold, Written on the leftmost CURRICULUM VITAE BRIAN P. GARCIA 102 Southdrive Guingona Subdivision, 8600 Butuan City 09493948645
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Summary of Qualifications Personal Details (name, gender, age, birth date/place, parents name (note: use mothers maiden name) Educational Background Work Experiences Seminars Attended