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QUALITY CONTROL AND QUALITY ASSURANCE

Quality Control (QC) is a system of routine technical activities, to measure and control the quality of the inventory as it is being developed. The QC system is designed to: (i) Provide routine and consistent checks to ensure data integrity, correctness, and completeness; (ii) Identify and address errors and omissions; (iii) Document and archive inventory material and record all QC activities. QC activities include general methods such as accuracy checks on data acquisition and calculations and the use of approved standardised procedures for emission calculations, measurements, estimating uncertainties, archiving information and reporting. Higher tier QC activities include technical reviews of source categories, activity and emission factor data, and methods. Quality Assurance (QA) activities include a planned system of review procedures conducted by personnel not directly involved in the inventory compilation/development process. Reviews, preferably by independent third parties, should be performed upon a finalised inventory following the implementation of QC procedures. Reviews verify that data quality objectives were met, ensure that the inventory represents the best possible estimates of emissions and sinks given the current state of scientific knowledge and data available, and support the effectiveness of the QC programme. Quality control and Quality Assurance also perform the activity of Inspection.Its inspect the equipment and measures the correctness of the job done and if any nessasary changes required in it then it is made to the notice of planning department and if not then it is pass for despatch. The inspection department does the inspection of the parts of product during its making and also inspect the final equipment. The instrument or devices required during the inspection process are mentioned below:

VERNIER CALIPERS Introduction: The vernier instruments generally used in workshop and engineering
metrology have comparatively low accuracy. The line of measurement of such instruments does not coincide with the line of scale. The accuracy therefore depends upon the straightness of the beam and the squareness of the sliding jaw with respect to the beam. To ensure the squareness, the sliding jaw must be clamped before taking the reading. Instruments are now available with a measuring range up to one meter with a scale value of 0.1 or 0.2 mm. They are made of alloy steel, hardened and tempered (to about 58 Rockwell C), and the contact surfaces are lap-finished. In some cases stainless steel is used.

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MICROMETERS
Micrometers are designed on the principle of 'Screw and Nut'

Description of a Micrometer
Figure shows a 0-25mm micrometer which is used for quick, accurate measurements to the two-thousandths if a micrometer. It consists of the following parts: 1. Frame 2 Anvil 3. Spindle 4, Thimble 5. Ratchet 6. Locknut.

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The micrometer requires the use of an accurate screw thread as a means of obtaining a measurement. The screw is attached to a spindle and is turned by movement of a thimble or ratchet at the end. The barrel, which is attached to the frame, acts as a nut to engage the screw threads, which are accurately made with a pitch of 0.05mm. Each revolution of the thimble advances the screw 0.05mm. On the barrel a datum line is graduated with two sets of division marks. The set below the datum line is graduated with two sets of division marks. The half millimeters. The thimble scale is marked in 50 equal divisions, figured in fives, so that each small division on the thimble represents 1/50 of 1/2mm which is 1/100mm on 0.01mm. To read the metric micrometer to 0.01 mm, examine Figure and first note the whole number of major divisions on the barrel, then observe whether there is a half millimeter visible on the top of the datum line, and last read the thimble for hundredths. The thimble reading is the line coinciding with the datum line. The reading for Figure is as follows: Major divisions = 10 x 1.00 mm= 10.00mm Minor divisions = l x 0.50mm = 0.50mm Thimble divisions = 16 x 0.0lmm = 0.16mm Reading = 10.66mm Since a micrometer reads only over a 25-mm range, to cover a wide range of dimensions, several sizes o/micrometers are necessary.

BORE DIAL
A bore dial is an instrument used to measure the roundness and smoothness of a cylindrical object(shaft etc). It measures the bore and diameter roundness and also smoothness of any cylindrical object to its hollow and outside surface to an accurate level of zero. It is an important measuring instrument in the view of inspection point and required when the job to be more accurate in all aspects.

VIBRATING INSTRUMENT
This instrument measures the vibration of blowers which is necessary through inspection point of view as any blower if vibrating to a extened limit beyond the vibrating value of it then it may not be dispatch until its vibration is cotrol to its safety limit.

TEMPERATURE MEASURING INSTRUMENT


This intrument measures the temp of the equipment,as if the temp gets too high during the performance of it then it may damage itself and also other parts of the equipment. The temp of motor is mainly checked through it.

P-V RUN TEST OF BLOWERS


This test is for measuring the blower performance and efficiency characteristics. It makes the pressure and volume graph of a blower according to the pressure of air flow and the volume of air coming out of the blower. All the calculations based on it is done on a graph.
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TYPICAL CURVE OF BLOWER PERFORMANCE TEST

System Curve of a Fan and Effect of System Resistance

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