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PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA SEKOLAH MENENGAH NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009

PHYSICS

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

2

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009 KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

PHYSICS

 PAPER MARKS Paper 1 50 Paper 2 100 Paper 3 40 Total 190

PHYSICS

Paper 1

 1 C 26 B 2 D 27 B 3 D 28 A 4 B 29 C 5 D 30 A 6 A 31 C 7 B 32 B 8 A 33 C 9 D 34 D 10 C 35 A 11 B 36 D 12 D 37 B 13 C 38 A 14 C 39 A 15 A 40 A 16 D 41 D 17 A 42 B 18 D 43 A 19 C 44 B 20 D 45 B 21 B 46 B 22 A 47 A 23 A 48 C 24 C 49 B 25 B 50 A

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PHYSICS

Paper 2

SECTION A

 NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARK SUB TOTAL 1 (a) (i) State the physical quantity correctly 1 - Voltage/potential difference (ii) State the error correctly 1 - Zero error//systematic error (b) (i) State the instrument correctly 1 - Y/micrometer (ii) State the reason correctly 1 - The scale has a smaller division 4 2(a) (i) State the explanation correctly 1 - energy is used to break the bonds//change the state of matter (ii) State the explanation correctly 1 - energy is used to increase the kinetic energy of the molecules (b) Correct substitution 1 - 0.2 x 3.36 x 10 5 Correct answer and correct unit 1 - 6.72 x 10 4 J (c) Mark on the box correctly 1 - There is no net transfer of energy between the water and the surroundings 5 3(a) State the unit correctly 1 - N m —2 // kg m —1 s —2 (b) State one factor correctly 1 - depth//density (c) (i) Correct substitution 1 - 1010 x 2.5 x 10 Correct answer and correct unit 1 - 25250 N (ii) Show the substitution correctly 1 - 125000 - 25250 Correct answer and correct unit 1 - 99750 N 6

4

 NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARK SUB TOTAL 4(a) Name component T correctly 1 - Thermistor//heat sensitive resistor (b) Underline the words correctly - resistance decreases 1 - I B increases 1 (c) (i) Correct answer and correct unit 1 - 0.08 s (ii) Correct substitution 1 1 - 0.08 Correct answer and correct unit 1 - 12.5 Hz (iii) Sketch the trace correctly 1 - Sinusoidal with four complete cycles 7 5(a) (i) Compare the speed of light correctly 1 - Speed of light is higher in air (ii) Compare the speed of light correctly 1 - Speed of light is higher in air (iii) State the relationship correctly 1 - If the speed of light decreases, then the light ray will bend towards the normal (iv) State the phenomenon correctly 1 - refraction (b) (i) Draw the light rays correctly - At least one light ray from point P bend away from the normal after emerging into the air 1 - Extrapolate the ray to point Q 1 (ii) Correct substitution 1 1.6 - 1.2 Correct answer with no unit in decimal 1 - 1.33 8

5

 NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARK SUB TOTAL 6(a) State the meaning correctly 1 - Time for the activity of the radioactive substance to become half of the original activity // Time taken for half of the mass of radioactive substance to decay (b) (i) State the half life correctly - X : 10 minutes 1 - Y : 5 minutes 1 (ii) State the answer correctly - X : 50 % 1 - Y : 25 % 1 (c) State the comparison correctly 1 - The decay rates for substance X is slower//vice versa State the relationship correctly 1 - The shorter the half life, the higher the decay rate (d) Give the reason correctly 1 - Background radiation 8 7(a) State the energy changes correctly 1 - electrical energy to (gravitational) potential energy (b) (i) Correct substitution 1 - 1.7 x 10 Correct answer and correct unit 1 - 17 W (ii) Correct substitution 1 2x10x1.5 - 2.5 Correct answer with correct unit - 12 W 1 (iii) Correct substitution 1 12 x 100% 17 Correct answer with correct unit 1 - 70.6 % (c) State the change on the ammeter correctly 1 - ammeter reading decreases Give explanation correctly 1 - less work done // less power required (d) Give one suggestion correctly - lubricate the moving parts to reduce friction 1 10

6

 NO. MARKING CRITERIA MARK SUB TOTAL 8(a) (i) Name the law correctly 1 - Hooke’s Law (ii) Mark a cross on each line correctly 1 + 1 - All correct (2 marks) - 1 or 2 correct (1 mark) (b) (i) State the energy correctly 1 - Elastic potential energy (ii) Determine the force correctly 1 - From the graph, F = 60 N Correct substitution 1 - ½ (60)(8)// ½ (60)(0.08) Correct answer with correct unit 1 - 240 N cm // 2.4 J // 2.4 N m (c) (i) State the maximum weight correctly 1 - 80 N (ii) Name the two springs correctly 1 + 1 - Spring P - Spring Q (iii) Give the choice correctly 1 - Spring Q Give the explanation correctly 1 - More sensitive//smaller force constant 12

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SECTION B

 NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK SUB TOTAL 9(a) State the meaning correctly 1 - Product of mass and velocity / /momentum = mass x velocity 1 (ii) State the total momentum in Diagram 9.1 correctly 1 - Zero Compare the total momentum correctly 1 - Total momentum before the bullet is fired = total momentum after the bullet is fired. Compare the magnitude of the momentum of the bullet and pistol correctly 1 - Equal Compare the direction of the momentum of the bullet and pistol correctly 1 - Opposite Name the physics principle correctly 1 - Principle of Conservation of Momentum 5 (b) Describe the propulsion of a rocket engine correctly - Liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen/fuel is pump into the combustion chamber for combustion 1 - The exhaust gas is ejected out of the rocket nozzle at high speed. 1 - The ejected exhaust gas at high speed has a large momentum. 1 - According to the Principle of Conservation of Momentum, the rocket acquires a large momentum forward 1 4 (c) State aspect of blade correctly - Using bigger blades/increase the number of blades/increase the speed of blade 1 State reason for aspect of forces and motion correctly 1 - Increase the air intake State aspect of material of blade correctly 1 - Blade made of strong material State reason for aspect of material of blade correctly 1 - Can withstand strong pressure/it will not break easily State aspect of fuel injector correctly 1 - Increase the number of fuel injectors// add more fuel injectors State reason for aspect of fuel injector correctly 1 - More fuel to be burnt to produce greater thrust

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 State aspect of combustion chamber correctly 1 - Increase the size of the combustion chamber State reason for aspect of combustion chamber correctly 1 - More space for the fuel to be burnt State aspect of nozzle correctly 1 - Decrease the diameter of the nozzle State reason for aspect of nozzle correctly 1 10 - Exhaust gas ejected at higher velocity/higher momentum 20

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 NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK SUB TOTAL 10(a) (i) State the meaning correctly 1 - A wave in which the vibration of particles in the medium is parallel to the direction of propagation of the wave. 1 (ii) Explain the production of sound waves correctly - When a tuning fork vibrates, layers of air vibrate 1 - The particles of air undergo s series of compression and rarefaction 1 1 - Sound energy is propagated through the air in the form of waves 1 4 (b) (i) Compare the amplitudes of the wave form correctly 1 - The amplitude in Diagram 10.2 is higher (ii) Compare the peak values of the wave form correctly 1 - The peak value in Diagram 10.2 is higher (iii) State the relationship between amplitude and peak value correctly 1 - The higher the amplitude, the higher the peak value (iv) State the relationship between the peak value and loudness correctly 1 - The higher the peak value, the louder is the sound. (v) State the relationship between the loudness and the amplitude correctly 1 5 - The higher the amplitude, the louder is the sound (c) (i) Suggest the type of frequency correctly 1 The boat must use high frequency sound waves Give the reason correctly - 1 - Smaller wavelength, less diffracted Suggest the type of energy correctly 1 - High energy waves Give the reason correctly 1 - High penetrating power 4 (ii) Suggest the list of equipments needed for the measurement Transmitter Receiver Sound generator CRO [Any of the three above] 3 (iii) State the method of measuring the time - The time taken, t from the transmitter to the receiver is recorded by the CRO 1 - The speed of the sound wave, v in water is given 1 vt - The depth of the sea, d = 2 1 3 20

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SECTION C

 NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK SUB TOTAL 11(a) (i) State the explanation correctly - Temperature of the coolant decreases 1 - Speed of the molecules decreases 1 - Distance between molecules decreases 1 3 (ii) State the explanation correctly - When coolant changes from a liquid to a gas, latent heat is required. - Latent heat is obtained from the interior of the refrigerator. 1 1 2 (b) State the specific latent heat of vaporisation and reason correctly 1+1 1 High specific latent heat of vaporization 2 Rate of heat removed is faster State the boiling point and reason correctly 1+1 3 Coolant with low boiling point 4 Easily can to vapour/gas State the specific heat capacity and reason correctly 1+1 5 Low specific heat capacity 6 Can be heat up (cool down) faster State the diameter and reason correctly 1+1 7 Big diameter 8 Can carry more coolant State most suitable choice of coolant and justification correctly 1 Q Low specific latent heat of vaporization and low boiling point State most suitable pipe and justification correctly 1 Z 10 Low specific heat capacity and big diameter (c) (i) State the meaning correctly The quantities of heat required to change the temperature of 1 kg of water by 1 o C is 4200 J. 1 (ii) Correct substitution 0.5 x 4200 x 30 1 Correct answer and correct unit 63 000 J 1 (iii) Correct substitution 0.5 x 3.34.x 10 5 1 Correct answer and correct unit 1.67 x 10 5 J 1 5 20

11 MARK
NO
MARKING CRITERIA
SUB
TOTAL
12(a)
(i)
State Lenz’s Law correctly
1
-
The direction of the induced current is such as to oppose the
change causing it.
(ii)
State the explanation correctly
- The solenoid experiences a change in the magnetic flux/magnetic
field (lines)
1
- According to Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction
1
- An e.m.f. is induced in the coil
1
- X is north pole
1
(b)
State the suitable number of turns of coil in the generator and
reason correctly
1+1
- High number of turns of coil
- Larger force acting on the coil / higher electromagnetic field
strength
State the suitable strength of the magnets in the generator and
reason correctly
1+1
- High strength magnets
- Larger force acting on the coil
State the suitable arrangement of components in the
rectification circuit
1+1
- Using 4 diodes and a capacitor
- 4 diodes to produce full-wave rectification and capacitor as a
smoother
State
the
suitable
capacitance
of
the
capacitor
in
the
1+1
rectification circuit
- Large capacitance
- To produce a constant output voltage
State most suitable choice of generator and justification
correctly
1
-
Y and high number of turns of coil and high strength of magnets
State most suitable choice rectification circuit and justification
correctly
1
-
C, 4 diodes and a capacitor with high capacitance
(c)
(i)
State the type of transformer correctly
1
-
Step-down transformer
(ii)
Correct substitution
1
(240)(150)
12
1
3000
(iii)
Correct substitution
24
1
100
(0.125)(240)
80% // 0.8
1
5
20

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PHYSICS

Paper 3

SECTION A

 NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK SUB TOTAL 1(a) (i) State the manipulated variable correctly Angle of incidence / i 1 1 (ii) State the responding variable correctly Angle of refraction / r // sin r 1 1 (iii) State the constant variable correctly Glass block // Semicircular glass block // Refractive index 1 1 (b) (i) Record the readings of r correctly Diagram 1.2 : 11 o 2 2 Diagram 1.3 : 20 o Diagram 1.4 : 29 o Diagram 1.5 : 36 o Diagram 1.6 : 41 o Note : 1. All 5 values correct – 2 marks 2. 3 or 4 values correct – 1 mark (ii) State the values of sin i correctly Diagram 1.2 : 0.2588 1 1 Diagram 1.3 : 0.5000 Diagram 1.4 : 0.7071 Diagram 1.5 : 0.8660 Diagram 1.6 : 0.9659 Note : 1. Accept e.c.f. from (b)(i) 2. All 5 values correct – 2 marks 3. 3 or 4 values correct – 1 mark 4. Not necessary to have consistent number of d.p. (iii) State the values of sin r correctly All 5 values of sin r correct 2 2 Diagram 1.2 : 0.1908 Diagram 1.3 : 0.3420 Diagram 1.4 : 0.4848 Diagram 1.5 : 0.5878 Diagram 1.6 : 0.6561 Note : 1. Accept e.c.f. from (b)(i) 2. All 5 values correct – 2 marks 3. 3 or 4 values correct – 1 mark 4. Not necessary to have consistent number of d.p.

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(c)

(d)

(e) Tabulate the results for i, sin i, r and sin r correctly

 i sin i r sin r 15 o 0.2588 11 o 0.1908 30 o 0.5000 20 o 0.3420 45 o 0.7071 29 o 0.4848 60 o 0.8660 36 o 0.5878 75 o 0.9659 41 o 0.6561

Table with 4 columns correctly labelled sin i and sin r consistent to 2, 3 or 4 decimal places

Draw a complete graph of sin i against sin r

Give a tick () based on the following:

A sin i at the y-axis, sin r at the x-axis

B Uniform scale at both axes

C 5 points plotted correctly [Note : 4 points plotted correctly : ]

D Straight line of best fit is drawn

E Minimum size of graph 5 x 4 big squares (Big square : 2 cm x 2 cm) (From the origin to the last point)

Marks awarded :

 Number of  Marks 6  5 4 – 5  4 3  3 2  2 1  1

State the correct relationship between sin i and sin r sin i is directly proportional to sin r 1

1



5

1 2

5

1

16

14

 NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK SUB TOTAL 2(a) (i) State the correct relationship I C increases linearly with I B // I C is directly proportional to I B 1 1 (ii) Determine the value of I B correctly I B = 500 μA Draw the extrapolation line to the point (500, 100) or beyond 1 1 Draw the lines I C = 100 mA and I B = 500 μA 1 3 (b) (i) Calculate the gradient of the graph, m, and state the value of m - Draw a sufficiently large triangle 1 - Correct substitution (Follow candidate’s triangle) 1 - State the correct value 200 1 3 (ii) State the correct meaning The ratio of the change in I C to the change in I B // I I C B 1 1 (c) Determine the value of I E and state the correct value of I E - Intrapolation line from I B = 350 μA to the given line and from the given line to the I C – axis 1 - State the correct value of I C I C = 70 mA // 70 000 μA 1 - State the correct value of I E 70.35 mA // 70 350 μA 1 3 (d) State one correct precaution - Position of the eyes such that line of sight is perpendicular to the scale of the meter to avoid parallax error 1 - Current is switched off after readings are taken 1 1 Max 1 12

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SECTION B NO

 3 (a) (b) (c)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

(viii)

(ix)  MARKING CRITERIA

State a suitable inference The mass // volume affects the rise in temperature // temperature

State a relevant hypothesis The greater the mass // volume, the smaller the rise in temperature // temperature

Describe a complete and suitable experimental framework

State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between the mass and rise in temperature (of water)

State the manipulated variable and the responding variable

Manipulated variable Responding variable

: Mass : Increase in temperature

State the constant variable Constant variable

: Heat supplied // Time of heating //

Power of the heater //

List out the important apparatus and materials Beaker, water, thermometer, immersion heater, stopwatch, balance for measuring mass

Draw or describe a functionable arrangement of the apparatus

State the method of controlling the manipulated variable Put a mass of 100 g of water in a beaker

State the method of measuring the responding variable Switch on the heater for 5 minutes and record the temperature rise.

State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of results Repeat the experiment with 150 g, 200 g, 250 g, 300 g and 350 g of water.

Tabulate the data

 Mass of water / g Temperature rise / o C 100 150 200 250 300 350

State how data will be analysed The graph of temperature rise against mass is drawn

Note : Mark accordingly if the manipulated variable is volume

. SUB MARK TOTAL

1

1

10

12

16 NO.

 4 (a) (b) (c)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

(viii)

(ix)  MARKING CRITERIA

State a suitable inference The distance / separation between the arms affect the distance / separation between the loud sounds

State a relevant hypothesis The smaller the distance / separation between the arms, the greater is the distance / separation between the loud sounds

Describe a complete and suitable experimental framework

State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between the separation between two loudspeakers and the distance between the position of the loud sounds

State the manipulated variable and the responding variable

Manipulated variable Responding variable

: separation between loudspeakers : distance between position of loud sounds

State the constant variable

Constant variable

: Frequency of the sound // wavelength of the sound // Distance of the line of observation to the loudspeakers

List out the important apparatus and materials Two loudspeakers, signal generator, metre rule / measuring tape, (microphone, cathode ray oscilloscope)

Draw or describe a functionable arrangement of the apparatus

State the method of controlling the manipulated variable The two loudspeakers are placed at a distance, a = 0.4 m apart.

State the method of measuring the responding variable The positions of two successive loud sounds is determined and the distance, x, between them is measured with a metre rule

State how the procedure is repeated to obtain at least 5 sets of results The procedure is repeated for the values of a = 0.8 m, 1.2 m, 1.6 m, 2.0 m and 2.4 m

Tabulate the data

 a / m x / m 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0 2.4

State how data will be analyzed A graph of x against a is drawn  SUB

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 MARK TOTAL

1

1 10

12