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CEP Short Term Course on Finite Elements in Analysis and Design Using ANSYS, Dr.J.M.

Mallikarjuna, Department of Mechanical Engineering; Indian Institute of Technology Madras

1D Thermal Static Analysis of Composite Wall


Problem: A wall of an industrial oven consists of three different materials as shown in Figure below. The first layer is composed of 5 cm of insulating cement with a clay binder that has a thermal conductivity of 0.08 W/mK. The second layer is made from 15 cm of 6-ply asbestos board with a thermal conductivity of 0.074 W/mK. The exterior wall consists of 10 cm common brick with a thermal conductivity of 0.72 W/mK. The inside wall temperature of the oven is 200C and the outside air is at 30C with a convection coefficient of 40 W/m2K. Determine the temperature distribution along the composite wall. Solve the problem using ANSYS.

GUI Solution: 1. Starting: Click start ANSYS ANSYS product launcher: Launch ANSYS Multiphysics File management browse the directory for saving and retrieving the files. Click run Preferences tick thermal select h-method ok Title: Utility menu File Change title Composite Wall ok. Utility menu plot replot

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CEP Short Term Course on Finite Elements in Analysis and Design Using ANSYS, Dr.J.M.Mallikarjuna, Department of Mechanical Engineering; Indian Institute of Technology Madras

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Elements: Main menu Preprocessor element type add add thermal 2D thermal conduction 32 (LINK32) apply convection 34 (LINK34) ok Real Constants: Main menu Preprocessor real constant add add select type 1 ok enter the c/s area 1 ok add select type 2 enter c/s area for convection as 1 ok close Material Properties: Main menu Preprocessor material properties material models material model 1 thermal conductivity isotropic enter KXX1 = 0.08 ok Material new model material ID 2 material model 2 thermal conductivity isotropic enter KXX2 = 0.074 ok Material new model material ID 3 material model 3 thermal conductivity isotropic enter KXX3 = 0.72 ok Material new model material ID 4 material model 4 thermal convection enter HF = 40 ok Modeling: Main menu Preprocessor Modeling create nodes in active CS enter node number as 1 and its location (x,y,z values) apply & continue for other nodes ok N1 0,0 ; N2 0.05,0 ; N3 0.2,0 ; N4 0.3,0; N5 0.3,0 Note: ensure that no duplicate of node numbers are entered Utility menu plot ctrls numbering tick node numbers ok. Utility menu plot nodes Main menu Preprocessor meshing mesh attributes default attributes select element 1 ; material 1 ; real const 1 ok Main menu Preprocessor Modeling create elements auto numbered through nodes select by cursor node 1 & 2 ok Main menu Preprocessor meshing mesh attributes default attributes select element 1 ; material 2 ; real const 1 ok Main menu Preprocessor Modeling create elements auto numbered through nodes select by cursor node 2 & 3 ok Main menu Preprocessor meshing mesh attributes default attributes select element 1 ; material 3 ; real const 1 ok Main menu Preprocessor Modeling create elements auto numbered through nodes select by cursor node 3 & 4 ok

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CEP Short Term Course on Finite Elements in Analysis and Design Using ANSYS, Dr.J.M.Mallikarjuna, Department of Mechanical Engineering; Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Main menu Preprocessor meshing mesh attributes default attributes select element 2 ; material 4 ; real const 2 ok Main menu Preprocessor Modeling create elements auto numbered through nodes select by cursor node 4 & 5 ok. Utility menu plotctrls numbering element numbers ok. Utility menu plot elements 9. Boundary Conditions: Main menu solution define loads apply thermal temperature on nodes select by mouse node 1 select temp enter VALUE = 200 ok Main menu solution define loads apply thermal temperature on nodes select by mouse node 5 select temp enter VALUE = 30 ok 10. Solution: Main menu Solution solve current LS. 11. Post Processing: Gen. post processor plot results nodal solu DOF solu temperature ok (to plot temperature distribution) Gen. post processor list results nodal solu DOF solu temperature ok (to list temperature distribution. ------ XXXX -----