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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Research 1.1.1 Just f cat on of the Research This research discusses the morphological process of Betawi language verb word class. Betawi language is one of the Malay dialects which is spoken in Jakarta. Betawi language is known as bahasa Betawi, dialek Jakarta and bahasa Melayu Jakarta. Betawi language is the same as the national language of Indonesia which is Bahasa Indonesia which comes from Malay dialect. But each language shows special characteristics that makes it different from each other. Betawi language also has word classes as English has; they are verb noun and ad!ective. In Betawi language the words motong "to cut# from potong "cut#; nukr "to change# from tukr "change#; apu "to sweep# from sapu "broom#; ambil "to take# from ambil "take# and rawat "to take care# from rawat "nurse# are the verb word class which is combined with prefi$ %&. In this research the researcher also researches the markers of verb word class in Betawi language. The researcher is interested in finding out what the morphological process and the markers of verb word class in Betawi language are because the researcher is curious and wants to know about this language. Many Betawi words are written in

dictionary and are spoken in daily conversation even though the speaker is from different ethnic. Betawi language is very easy to be spoken and understood. This research is important to be carried out because one of the sub!ects in the si$th semesters is morphology and the researcher is interested in researching morphology of other languages especially Betawi language. Therefore this research can help everyone who wants to research another language. This research also can be useful for everyone who wants to learn morphology generally and Betawi language especially.

1.! Pre" ous Research The researches which are relevant to this research are( 1.!.1 #ug to $1%&'( )e wrote *+onologi Morfologi dan Morfofonemik ,ialek Jakarta -ampung Tugu. as a thesis /nivesity of Indonesia '012. In his research he described the phonology morphology and morphophonemic of Jakarta dialect or we can call Betawi language in Tugu village where the society speak Betawi language everyday. )is research used descriptive method because he only focused in researching the dialect of Tugu village. In his thesis he found out the morphemes of Betawi dialect in Tugu village which is free morpheme and bound morpheme. There are three morphological process of Betawi dialect which is affi$ation reduplication and

compound word. )e also found the productivity of affi$ation and reduplication process and some unproductively of that process. 1.!.! #andra De) $1%%'( 4he wrote *5emetaan Bahasa Betawi di -otip ,epok. as a thesis /niversity of Indonesia '002. In her research she described the region in ,epok district where the society speaks Betawi language in daily conversation. This research also collected and described the characteristics of Betawi language suburban sub&dialect in ,epok district in term of vocabularies and phonology. In her thesis she found the language in ,epok district was homogeny language which is Betawi language suburban sub& dialect. 6enerally suburban sub&dialect is Betawi dialect which pronounce the ending vowel with 7a87 and 7ah7 also the ending consonant with b d g and h. Based on the vocabularies from Betawi suburban sub&dialect in ,epok district vocabularies from Java 4unda Bali and ,utch. 1.!.* Ba+a,e, Agustus B s-an $!../( )e wrote *9ord :lasses in English. as a 4' thesis /niversity of 6unadarma 3;;<. This thesis is conducted to e$plain some elements of word classes by giving details on types of the markers used in some word classes. The researcher collects the data without using instrument of the data to determine which one belongs to which word classes. )e tried to find what the markers of the open word classes and the types of the marker of word classes. This thesis is conducted to e$plain some elements of word class by giving details on types of the markers used in some word classes from there are

verbal nominal and ad!ectival affi$es. The data analysis in this research was done by two ma!or steps. +irst identifying and categori>ing English markers in nouns verbs ad!ectives and adverbs. 4econd describing the type markers and characteristic of the nouns verbs ad!ectives and adverb. The researcher distributes the data without using instrument of the data to determine which one belongs to which word classes. 1.!.0 Rand 1ud ans2ah $!..3( In his research The Morphological rocess o! the "nglish #erbs$, for 4'

degree in 6unadarma /niversity. )e tries to e$plain the process of morphology which is word classes becoming another word class. The researcher makes an instrument of the research to show what kinds of affi$es mark the verb class and what kinds of affi$es can transpose the verb into another word class. The researcher concludes that inflectional suffi$es are the marker of the verbs. The inflectional suffi$es are the marker of verbs because the prefi$ doesn?t transpose the word class of the verb. In his research we can see the productivity of the inflectional affi$es than the other affi$es such as inflectional suffi$es .The productive affi$es are&s & ing & and @ed. But the most productive is @ s because it can combine with ';; verbs that the researcher collects in the table of research instrument. The researcher also analy>ed that after a verb is attached to some derivational affi$es it will transpose by using morphological process. )e categori>ed the transposition of the verb into noun and verb into ad!ective.

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1.* Pos t on of the Research This research to some e$tent differs from the previous researches above. +rom the first previous research the researcher found that the research similar to Betawi language with the previous research concerning about finding morphology of Betawi language. +rom the second previous research the researcher found that the sub!ect of the research is the same which is Betawi language. +rom the third previous research the researcher found that the research discussed word classes. Even though the source language is different but the researcher found that the research similar to researching of language concerning about word classes. +rom the last previous research the researcher found that the research discussed morphological process of English verb word class. In some e$tent this research is the same as the previous research which is discussed about morphological process but the researcher concerning about Betawi language verb word class.

1.0 # gn f cance of the Research This research is conducted in order to observe the morphology study of Betawi language verb word class and the markers of verb word class in Betawi language. This research will be very useful for everyone. It is especially for everyone who is curious and wants to know the study of morphology of a language particularly Betawi language.

1./ Pro4,e- of the Research 4ince many people do not know very well about Betawi language the writer wants to research this topic. In this study the problem formulation can be formulated as follows( '. 9hat are the morphological processes of the Betawi verb word class8 3. 9hat affi$es mark the verb word class8 =. 9hat affi$es transpose noun and ad!ective word class into verb word class8

1.3 A - of the Research Based on the problem formulation stated above the writer aims to obtain the factual data concerning( '. To describe the morphological processes of the Betawi verb word class. 3. To describe the affi$es mark of the verb word class. =. To describe the affi$es transpose noun and ad!ective word class into verb word class.

1.' #co5e of the Research This research is limited to the study of Betawi language in Buaran I. Buaran I is located in East Jakarta near Jatinegara where many Betawi people speak Betawi language. This research is also concerned to the morphological process of Betawi language verb word class and their markers. This research does not discuss the

transposition of verbs into nouns and ad!ective and the noun and ad!ective word class in Betawi language.