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M. S. RAMAIAH INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (Autonomous Institute , Affiliated to VTU) Semester End Examinations - January 2009 Course : M.Tech (Digital Electronics & Communication) Subject Code: MDLC11 Subject: Advanced Engineering Mathematics Maximum Marks: 100 Duration: 3 Hours Instructions to the Candidates: Answer any 5 full questions 1. a) The probabilities of 0, 1, 2 , 3 power failures in a certain city during the month (4) of July are 0 . 4, 0.3, 0 . 2 and 0.1. Find the mean and variance of this probability distribution. b) The auto correlation sequence of a random phase sinusoid is (6) r,(k)= ' A2 cos(kwo). Find (i) 2 x 2 auto correlation matrix R,, (ii) Eigen values of R., (iii) Determinant of R. c) The power spectrum PY(etw) of a WSS process is a real valued, positive and (10) periodic function of co. Show that P,,(z) can be factored into the form Px(z) = o Q(z)Q*(1/z*)

2. a) Determine the solution set of the given system in parametric vector form (5)
x, +3x2-5X3=4

x,+4x2-8x3=7 -3x, - 7x2 + 9x3 = 6 b) Prove that any set { v, ....... vp } in R" is linearly dependent if p > n. (5) c) Let T:R3-R3 be the transformation that reflects each vector x=(x,, x2, x3) (5) through the plane x3 = 0 onto T ( x) = (x,, x2, - x3). Show that T is a linear
transformation.

d) A Givens rotation is a linear transformation from R" to R" used to create a zero (5) entry in a vector. The standard matrix of Givens rotation in R2 has the form n b a 3. Given 4 -1 -1 -1 4 0 -1 -1 0 4 -1 -1 1 -1 4 0 -1 -1 0 4 -1 -1 1 -1 4 0 -1 -1 0 4 -1 -1 -1 4 (20) -b 2 , 4 5 [] . , a + b = 1. Find a and b such that 3 is rotated into 0

A=

b=

5 15 0 10 0 10 20 30

The missing entries in A are zero. (i) Construct LU factorization of A and compute LU-A to check your work. (ii) Use LU factorization to solve Ax=b. (iii) Compute A' . 4. a) Given v, and v2 in a vector space V, let H = span (VI, V2). Show that H is a subspace of V. (5)

b) Determine whether w is in the column space of A, or the null space of A or both (5) where 7 6 -4 1 -5 -1 0 2 9 -11 7 -3 19 -9 7 1

w=

1 -3

A-

c) Find (i) bases for col A, Row A, Null A (ii) dim Null A, dim Row A, rank A, (10) rank A t for the given matrix A.

I1

1 -3 7 9 -91
2 -4 10 13 -12 -1 -1 1 1 -3 -3 1 -5 -7 3 -2 0 0 -5 -4

A=

1 1 1 1

5 (a) Solve the initial value problem using eigen values and eigen vectors (10) dv/dt = 4v - 5w v=8 at t=0 dw/dt = 2v -3w w= 5 at t=0 b) The Fibonacci sequence starts with Fo=1, F,=3, then Fk +2 = Fk+( + Fk. Find the (10) new initial vector Uo , the new coefficients c=S-'U0 and the new Fibonacci numbers. Show that the ratios Fk+,/Fk will approach golden mean. 6. a) Apply row reduction operations to matrix A to produce an upper triangular (8) matrix U and compute the determinant. 1 2 -2 0 2 3 -4 1 A= -1 -2 0 2

b) Show that the determinant of A is zero for any values of a, b, c (2) 1 1 1 a b c A= b+c c+a a+b c) Find matrices S and A such that A has a factorization of the form A=SAS-' (10) where S is invertible and A is diagonal. Find the matrix B such that B3=A. 2 2 1 A= 1 3 1 1 2 2

7. a) Find M that achieves M-'BM = J for the matrix B where J is Jordan form. (6)

0 0 1 B= 0 0 0
0 0 0 (10) b) Apply the Gram-Schmidt algorithm to the columns of the matrix A. (i) Write A=QR where Q is a matrix with orthonormal columns, R is upper triangular. (ii) Compute the matrix of the projection onto the column space of A. What is the distance of the point (1, 1, 1, 0) to this column space?

A=

c) Determine whether the matrix A is positive definite, negative definite, semi- (4) definite or indefinite. 1 2 3 A= 2 5 4 3 4 9 8. a) Find a singular value decomposition of the matrix A. (10) 1 -1 A= -2 2 2 -2 b) Solve Ax=b by least sqaures. Find P = Ai if (10) 1 0 1

A=

1 1

b=

I 0

Verify that the error b-P is perpendicular to the columns of A.