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9.

How

purchased in 19 99?

many

Naya

a 44

b. 50

c. 55

d. 64

mixer-grinders

were

10. How many Naya mixer-grinders were

disposed offby the end of 20~00? What grade did Preeti obtain in Statistics? a 10
disposed offby the end of 20~00?
What grade did Preeti obtain in Statistics?
a
10
a
A
b.
16
b.
B
c.
22
~~
c.
c
d. Cannot be determin~
~e data
d.
D
11.
How many Pur+m~ grinders were
In
Operations, Tara could have received
purchased in 19 99'-J'
the
same grade as
20 (l)+
a
Ismet
a
b.
Hari
b.
Q23
~c. ann
c.
Jagdeep
be determined from the data
d.
Manab
What grade did Utkarsh obtain in Finance?
12.
many
Purana mixer-grinders were
a B
b.
c.
D
f(:j
c. 6
d.
F
d.
Cannot be determined from the data
In
Strategy,
Gowri' s
grade
po ·
~
··
higher than that obtained by;f
F
a1
Directions for Questions 13 to 16: Answer the
a
az
questions on the basis of the informali on given
b
Han
0
below.
c
Ntsha
Prof
Singh has
been
tracking
the number
of
d
Rahul
~
visitors to his homep age. His service provider has
+
provided him with the
following
data on the
country of origin of the visitors and the university
·o
s
to 12: Answer the
th
bel
ev
ong to:
e asts the mformatt on gtven
Number ofvisitors
Dav
a e two brands of kitchen mixer-
COUNTRY
I
2
3
.~~ll·lablein the local market. Purana is an
Canada
2
0
0
was introduced in 19 90, while Naya
Netherlands
I
I
0
1 uced in 1997. For both these brands,
India
I
2
0

5.

6.

7.

8.

Directions for

was

of the mixer- grinders bought in a particular

20%

year are disposed off as junk exactly two 'ears later. It is known that 10 Purana mixer-grinders

were disposed off in I 997. The following figures

show the number of Purana and

grinders in operation from 19 95 to 20 00, as at the

end ofthe year.

Naya mixer-

UK

2 0

2

USA

I 0

2

Number of visitors Day

COUNTRY

I

2

3

University I

I

0

0

University 2

2

0

0

University 3

0

I

0

University 4

0

0

2

Rank

University 5

I

0

0

I

University 6

I

0

I

2

University 7

2

0

0

3

University 8

0

2

0

4

 

5

13.

To

which

country

does

University

5

India

c

p

N

v

D

COUNTRY

China

N

c

p

D

v

Japan

D

N

c

v

p

l'Aalaysia

v

D

p

c

N

.:. t:<f :.;

J

Thailand

v

c

N

p

D

belong? 17. Which of the following countries · least dissimilar to India? a India or
belong?
17.
Which of the following countries ·
least
dissimilar to India?
a
India or Netherlands but not USA
a China
b.
India or USA but not Netherlands
0
c.
Nether! ands or USA but not India
b Japan
Malaysta
d.
India or USA but not UK
d c r ~
Thatland
14.
University I can belong to
a
UK
18.
Which amongst th~ k ng countnes ts
most disse;·
·
to India?
b.
Canada
a
Chin
c.
Nethrands
b. ~pan
d.
USA
15.
Visitors from how many universities from ta ala ia
UK visited Prof. Singh's homep age in the
ai and
4
three days?
of the following pairs of countries
a 1
~
are most dissimilar?
b 2
a China &Japan
c 3
b. India & China
d 4
c. Malaysia & Japan
16.
Whtch
among
the
hsted
cowJ.trl~sp-
d. Thailand &Japan
po sstbly host
three
of th~~ijht b 'ri1d
20
Three of the following
four
pairs
of
untversttl es?
countries have identical levels
of
a
None
0
dissimilarity. Which pair is the odd one
out?
b.
OnlyUK
+
c.
Only I~ndia
\
a
Malaysia & China
d.
Both 1
a
~
b.
China & Thailand
s::
c.
Thailand &Japan
d.
Japan & Malaysia
Directions f;
"ons 17 to 20: Answer the
question
baits of the information given
belo~ lllo
'
Directions for Questions 21 to 26: Each question
t!!dJ " WO. conducted to ascertain the relative
is followed by two statements, A and B. Answer
imp ortli Q)e
!at
employees
in
five
different
each question using the following instructions:
countries assigned to five different traits in their

Chief Executive Officers. The traits were

compassion (C), decisiveness

skills (N), public visibility (P), and vision (V). The level of dissimilarity between two countries is the maximum difference in the ranks allotted by the two countries to any of the five traits. The following table indicates the rank order of the five traits for each country.

negotiation

(D),

21. Four candidates for an award obtain

distinct scores in a test. Each of the four

casts a vote to choose the winner of the award. The candidate who gets the largest

number of votes wins the award. In

a tie in the voting process, the candidate

with the highest score wins the award. Who wins the award?

case of

.~ t:<f

:.;.

.J

A

B.

a

The candidate with top three scores each vote for the top scorer amongst the other three.

The candidate with the lowest score votes for the player with the second highest score.

if the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone but

24.

b. if the question can be answered by using either of the statements alone.

c. if the question can be answered by using both statements together but not by either statement alone.

d. if the question cannot be answered on

the basis of the two statements. In a class of 30 students, Rashmi secured

not by using the other statement alone. the third rank among the girls her b.
not by using the other statement alone. the third rank among the girls her
b. if the question can be answered by
brother Kumar studying in th
e c
s
using either of the statements alone.
secured the sixth rank in th
class.
c. if the question can be answered by
Between the two who h~ l:i
er o
era!!
using both statements together but not
rank?
by either statement a! one.
A Kumar was sa to
5 % of the
d. if the question cannot be answered on
boys merit li
in
~
ass in which
the basis of the two statements.
60% were boy .
Zakib spends 30%
of his income on his
B. Ther ei.,
s.
" th~
boys among the top
children's education,
20% on recreation
five
·
o: ' ers and three girls among
and I 0%
on healthcare. The corresponding
ank holders.
percentages for Supnyo
are 40%, 25% and
a
question can be
answered by
13%
Who
spends
more
on
children's
~
ne of the statements alone but
education?
)l;)t by usmg the other statement alone
A
Zakib spends more on recreation than
.(
the question can be
answered by
Supriyo.
~
usmg etther of the statements alone
B.
Supriyo
spends
more
on healthcar
c
tf the question can be answered by
than Zakib.
usmg both statements together but not
using one
of the statem~ts al
d.
if the question cannot be answered on
not by using the other statem
t
the basis of the two statements.
b.
if the question can be anstf:et'e
by
25.
Nanclini paid for an artie! e using currency
usingeitherofthest~~ tslJ!one. notes of denominations Re. I, Rs. 2, Rs. 5
c.
if the question can
e
!swered by
and Rs. I 0 using at least one note of each
denomination. The total number
of five
by either s
rr
t al-Gne.
and ten rupee notes used was one more
than the total number of one and two rupee
d.
if the q4E_t tH
ot be answered on
notes used. What was the price of the
the b~~
two statements.
article?
T~
~
ng 2 steps to the left of a red
A
Nandini used a total of 13 currency
~
~!1. 3 steps
to
the right of a blue
notes.
~~
·
H?
tosses a coin.
If it comes up
i~
he moves
one step
to
the right;
B. The price of the article was a multiple
erwi se he moves one step to the left. He
of Rs. I 0.
l(eeps doing this until he reaches one of the
a
if the question can be answered by

22.

23.

two marks, and then he stops. At which mark does he stop?

using one of the statements alone but not by using the other statement a! one.

A

He

stops after 21 coin tosses.

B.

He

obtains three moretailsthanheads.

a

if the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone but not by using the other statement alone.

b.

if the question can be answered by using either of the statements alone.

c.

if the question can be answered by using both statements together but not by either statement alone.

'

:

.

:

,.

~

~· fl.( ~?. .J d. if the question cannot be answered on r;r. , ,\
fl.(
~?.
.J
d. if the question cannot be answered on
r;r. ,
,\
the basis of the two statements.
A~
&
-··.
\
···t
26.
Ravi
spent I ess
than
Rs.
75
to
buy
one
·~·
fl\
,
,
,
•'
1,::":1
"" :
•::
~.->
kilogram each of potato,
onion.
and gourd.
-
L.:. -····-
~
,.he~>
S.,JI
•.f,;.•
I' • •
''"'
Which one
of the three vegetables bought
was the costliest?
27.
How
many
players
among
those
listed
A.
2 kg
potato
and
I
kg
gourd cost less
definitely scored
less
than Yuvraj
in the
than
I
kg potato
and
2
kg gourd.
tournament?
B.
I
kg
potato
and
2 kg
onion
together
a
0
cost the
same
as
I
kg onion
and
2
kg
b.
I
gourd.
a
if the question can
be answered by
0
~~orethan
using one
of the statements alone but
2
not by using the other st<tement alone.
28.
Which of the
pla~~i
est
M
-index
b.
if the
que stio n can
be
answered
by
from the tournam"V
using either of the statements alone.
:::;0.
c.
if the
question
can
be
answered by
using both
statements together but not
by either statement alone.
~G
d.
if the question cannot be answered on
the basis of the two statements.
29
~
.;-many
Indian play ers 1s 1t possible
.(.- ~
latethe
exact M-mdex?
Sub
-.S
action
I ·B:
Nu mb
e-
of
Question
=
12
~
c.
2
d.
M ore than 2
questions on
the basis
of the
inform[!· o
·
e
30
Among the
players mentioned,
vmo
can
below
have
the
lowest
R-index
from
the
tournament?
Coach John
sat with
the score
cafas:'61
dian
a
Only Kai( Rahul or Yuvraj
players from the
3 games
in~
-d9
cricket
tournament where the
same
s
pi
ers played
b.
Only Kaif or Rahul
for India and all
them~·
batsm
ot out John
c.
Only Kai f or Yuvraj
summarized the battin
p
~ce
through three
d.
Only Kaif
diagrams,
one for eac
In each diagram. the
three outer
tri~
monic<te the number of
runs scored b
threertop
scorers from
India,
Directions for Questions 31
to
34: Answer the
where
K.
R.
d
Y
represent
Kai (
Rahul,
questions
on
the
basis
of the inform<tion gjve.n
Saurav,
~
1
and
Yuvraj respectively. The
below.
rrn~
gi1
1n
each
diagram
denotes
the
Twenty
one
participants
from
four
continents
p
cen
f total
score that was
scored by
the
(Africa,
Americas,
Australasia,
and
Europe)
top
Indian scorers in
that
gane.
No
two
attended
a
United
Nations
conference.
Each
players score the same number of runs in the same
particip ant was
an
expert
in one
of four
field s,
game. John also
calculated two
batting indices
for
labour,
health,
population studies,
and
refugee
each player based on his scores in the tournament;
relocation.
The
following
five
facts
about
the
the
R-index
of
a
batsman
is
the
difference
participants are given.
between his
highest
and lowest scores
in
the
3
games while the M-index is the middle number,
if
(I) The number of labour experts in the camp

his scores are arranged in a non-increasing order.

was exactly half the

number of experts

in

each of the three other categories

1

;

(2)

Africa did not send any lab our expert.

Otherwise,

every

continent,

including

Africa, sent at least one expert for each category.

(3)

None of the continents sent more than

(4)

three experts in any category. If there had been one less Austral asian expert, then the ~ericas would have had

d. Africa and ~erica each had I expert in population studies attending the conference.

34.

twice as many experts as each of the other continents. b. Mike and Alfanso are
twice as many experts as each of the other
continents.
b.
Mike and Alfanso are
I eading experts of
population studies who attended the
c.
conference. They are from Australasia.
d.
refugee
Alex, an ~erican expert in refugee
relocation, was the first keynote speaker in
the
conference. What can be inferred about
Directions for ®
e
nn~5tn 38: Answer the
the
number of ~erican experts in refugee
questions
(jn asi of the informali on given
rei ocation
in
the
conference,
excluding
below.
Alex?
The
fAW
6. All
six teams in
Pool A
of
A. At least one
Wo 1f t#~ ckey play each other exactly once.
B. At most two
,~ n~
s a team three points, a draw earns
a Only A and not B
oifiil"'and a loss earns zero points. The
two
b Only B and not A
~
with the highest points
qualify
for the
se
dina! s
In case
of
a
t:1 e,
the team wtth the
c Both A and B
9j
ghest
goal
difference
(Goals
For
-
Goals
d Netther A nor B
Agamst) qualifies In the operung match, Sp am
Whtch of the follo1Mng numbers c
n
lost to Germany
After the second round (after
determmed from the mform~ ~
F.r
each team played two matches), the pool tab! e
a
Number of labour~erts
.
the
looked as shown below
I
~~=
b.
Number of health e
rts
m Europe.
~.,
~
~
11!'
~
c.
Number
of
h ealth
experts
from
~
~
~
~
~
~
]
]
·~
<::>0::
<::>
Australasi
:>
0
<::>
f-<
l
o
Germany
2
2
0
0316
d.
refugee
Argentina
2
2
0
0
2
0
6
Spain
2
I
0
I
5
2
3
Pakistan
2
I
0
I
2
I
3
NewZealand
2
0
0
2
I
4
0
SouthAfrica
2
0
0
2
I
4
0
In
the
third
rouncl.
Spain
played
Pakistan,
Argentina played Germany, and New Zeal and
played South Africa. All the third round matches
2
experts
in population studies from

(5)

31.

32.

33.

c.

the ~ericas and I health expert from

Africa attended the conference.

3 experts in refugee rei ocation from

the ~ericas and I health expert from Africa attended the conference.

were drawn. The following are some results from the fourth and fifth round matches

(a)

Spain won both the fourth and fifth round matches.

(b)

Both Argentina and Germany won their fifth round matches by 3 goals to 0.

(c)

35

.

Pakistan

won round matches by

both the

fourth

1 goal to 0.

and

fifth

a

0

 

b.

1

c.

2

Which one

of the following

statements

is

d. None of the abo ve

true about matches played in the first two 40. Two boats, traveling at 5 and
true
about matches played in
the first
two
40.
Two
boats,
traveling
at
5 and
10
kms per
rounds?
hour,
head directly towards each
other.
a
Gennany
beat New Zealand by
1 goal
They begin
at a distance
of 20 kms from
to
0.
each other. How far
ap<rt
are they
~n
kms)
b.
Spain beat New Zealand by
4 goals to
one minute
before they collide?
0.
a 1/12
c.
Spain beat South Africa by
2
goals to
b.
1/6
0.
c.
1/4
d.
Gennany beat South Africa by
2
goals
d.
1/3
~
to
I
41.
Each family
in
a
calit
has
at most two
36.
Which
one
of the
following statements
is
adults, and
no
famt
as
fewer
than
3
true
about matches played in the
first two
children.e,d~
g
all
the
families
rounds?
together,
e
e
more
adults
than boys,
a
Pakistan beat
South Africa by
2
go als
m;gooy
girls, and
more
girls than
to
I
f(1
f
i es.
en
the
minimum
possible
b Argentin a beat Pakistan by I go al to 0
families in the locality is
c Gennany beat Pakistan by
2
go als to
I
d Gennany beat Spain by
2
goals to
I
5
37.
after five rounds of matches?
flj
d
3
a
Argentina
42
Suppose
I I 1s an mteger such that the sum
10
11
b.
G ennany
of the
dig1ts
of n 1s 2,
and
I 0
<
n
<
10
t
-(
.
c.
Spain
The number of different value s for n is
d.
Cannot be determined
from~
a
11
38.
If Pakistan
qualified
~.J
f
the
two
b.
10
teams from
Pool
A.
~
w-~
the other
c .
9
team that
qualifie~
d.
8
a
Argenbna
43.
In
Nuts And
Bolts factory,
one
machine
b.
produces only
nuts
<t
the r<te of
I
00
nuts
per
minute and
needs
to be
cleaned for
5
minutes after
production
of every
I 000
nuts.
Another machine produces only bolts
at
the rate of75 bolts per minute and needs
to
be
cleaned
for
I 0
minutes
after
production of every I 500 bolts. If both the
machines
start
production
at
the
same
Sub-Section
II-A;
Nwnber
of Question=
20
time,
what
is
the
minimum
duration

required for producing 9000

and bolts'?

pairs

of nuts

Directions

for

Questions

39

to

48:

Answer the

I 30

a minutes

questions independently of each other.

 

b. minutes

I 35

 

c. minutes

170

39

.

Th e

total number

of integer pairs

(x,

y)

d. minutes

180

satisfying the equation x

+

y

=

xy

is

""""""'"""""""""""'J

44 .

On January

S 1

and S2,

On the first day of each subsequent month,

SI adds b members while S2 multiplies its

are formed, each with n members.

1, 2004

two

new societies,

current number of members by

factor r.

number of members

a constant

same

2004.

Both the societies have the

on July

2,

If b

10 .5n,

wh<t

is the value of

r?

48 .

If

a

b

c

--=--=-- =r

b+c

c+a

a+b

then

r

take any value except:

a

112

b.

- 1

c.

l / 2or - 1

d.

- 1/2or - 1

cannot

a 2.0 b. 9 c. 1.8 d. 1.7 Karan and Arjun run a 100 -melre
a
2.0
b.
9
c.
1.8
d.
1.7
Karan
and Arjun
run
a
100 -melre
race,
where Karan beats Arjun by
10 metres, To
do a
favour
to
Arjun,
Karan
starts
10
metres behind the starting line in a second
100-metre race.
They
both run
at their
earlier speeds. Which
of the following is
true in connection with the second race?
a
Karan
and Arjun
reach the
finishing
line simultaneously.
b.
Arjun heats Karan by
1 metre.
c.
Arjun beats Karan by
11 metres .
d.
Karan beats Arjun by
I metre.
A
father and his
son are
waiting
at a
stop in the evening.
There is
a lffliam
si
What is
the ratio
of the
length
of
PQ
to
behind them. The lamp post,
the
f er
that ofQO?
his son stand on the same strai
~~
a I :4
father observes
that
the
sh>ido
s
o
s
head and his son's
head~
tnct~'int,.
the
b.
:3
same point on the grou
.
I
e !p ghts of
c.
3 : 8
the lamp
post,
the fath
il
I'Js
son are
6
d. 3:4
metres,
1.8
m~
s
0.9
metres
respectiv ely, and
fa~
r
is standing 2 . 1
50 .
What is the radius of the circle
II?
metres a~fri_n.
post, then how
far
a 2
em
(In
melT
~ s
n
stmding from his
b.
3
em
fathe~
c.
4
em
a "l.t
d.
5 em
b. 0.7)
51. The length of SO is
6
a 8-./3
em
b.
1043 em
If the sum o f the fir s t
11 terms
of an

45.

46.

47.

arithmetic progression equals that

first

first 30 terms?

of the

19

terms,

then what is the sum of the

a

0

b.

· 1

c.

d.

Not unique

c. em

1243

 

d. em

1443

Directions

for

Questions

52

to

58:

Answer the

questions independently of each other.

52.

A

80 litres of milk. After selling one-fourth

of

the quantity that he has sold. What is the current proportion of water to milk?

this mixture, he adds water to replenish

mixes 2 0 1itres of water with

milkman

a

b.

c.

d.

(-./13 + 3)/2

(-.J13 - 2)/2 (-./15 + 3)/2

(-./15- 3)/2

a 2:3

:2

: 3

b.

58.

A

rectangular sheet of paper, when halved

by

folding it at the mid point of its longer

side, results in a rectangle, whose longer

c.

I

and shorter sides are in th same d. 3 4 proportion as the longer and
and shorter sides
are
in
th
same
d. 3
4
proportion as the longer and sh
er
es
2
Let f(x) =
ax
- bx,
where
a
and b
are
of the original rectangle. Ift~;!lo erst e
constants. Then at x = 0, f(x) is:
of the original rectangle is 2,
hat
s the
a
maximized whenever a > o, b > o
area of the smaller rect~
u·'-'
b.
maximized whenever a > 0, b < 0
a
4 -.Jz
c.
minimized whenever a> 0, b > 0
b.
2-./2
d.
minimized whenever a> 0, b < 0
c.
-./2
3
If f(x) = x
- 4x + p, and f(O) and f(i) are
d.
None0
t
b rt,.e
of
opposite
signs,
then
which
of the
following is necessarily true?
~
~ ~I<:p<: 2
~=,~-;;~~~ :<~:;~: ~:~,~~::::~ L~
c -2 < P < I
~ ~ctiL.ts for Questions 59 to 67: Answer the
d -
3
< p < 0
~ u~onsmdependently of each other
N persons stand on the arcumference of
arc! e at distmct p omts
Each po sstble pat
In the adJ ommg figure, the ltnes represent
59
of persons, not standmg next to eac~~-1r,
one-way
roads
allowmg
travel
only
smgs a two -nunute song one p atr
~ez,."t:ll
rth
d
n1
d
A1
h
h
If
h
a1
·
ak
£
·
·
no
war
s or o
y westwar s.
ong ow
~~ er:
t e t~
tu~~ t
0 en~
~any distinct routes can a car reach point
:T"~
~··~:=:J t···
5
~. ~one of tlA~ e +
------
.,.,":
~~
If
am
10 kmlhr,
then he
a
15
arrives at
cert-01n place at I p.m. If he
b.
56
cycles
mlhr, he will arrive at the
c. 120
1 e a II am. At what speed must
d. 336
c I
e get
th
ere at noon.
?
kmlhr
60.
In the adjoining figure, chord ED is
parallel to the diameter AC
of the eire! e. If
kmlhr
angle CBE = 65°, then what is the value of

53.

54.

55.

56.

13 kmlhr

d. 14 kmlhr

c.

angle DEC?

57. Let y

2+

3+

I

I

I

2+--

3+

What is the value of y?

lO t:<f :.;

J

b. 55°

c.

d. 25°

If the lengths of diagonals DF, AG and CE

of the cube shown in the adjoining figure

are equal to the three sides of a triangle, then the radius of the circle circwnscribing that triangle will be

64. On a semi circle with diameter AD, chord

BC is parallel to

each of the chords AB and CD has length

2, while AD has length 8. What is the

length of BC?

the diameter,

Further;

45°

61.

,, I> 65. a equal to the side of the cube b. -./3 times the
,,
I>
65.
a
equal to the side of the cube
b.
-./3 times the side of the cube
c.
11-./3 times the side of the cube
d.
impossible
to
find
from
the
gt ven
information
A sprinter starts running on a circular path
metres/minute) is p r during the first
seconds, pr/2 during next one minutSe, r
during next 2 minutes, pr/8 during e 4
a 3-2-./2
minutes, and so on. What is ~er ti
·
e
b. 4-2-./2
time taken for the nth round to at £
previous round?
c. 7 -4-./2
0
d. 6 -4-./2
~:
23 +
23
66. The
remainder,
when
(15
23
)
is
divided by
19, is
~
c.16
d.
32
a
4
Let C be y1
vi
centre PO and AB be
b.
15
a et~
di
~
f
. Suppose PI is the mid
c.
0
poi n N t
o~
~ne segtnent POB, P2 is the
d.
18
of the line segment PI B and so
. Let
I,
C2,
C3,
be circles with
67. new flag is to be designed with six
A
ters
POP!,
PI P2,
P2P3
vertical stripes u3ing some or all
of the
pectively. Suppose the circles
Cl, C2,
colours yellow, green, blue and red. Then,
C3, are all shaded. The ratio of the area of
the number of ways this can be done such

62.

63.

the unshaded portion of C to that of the original circle Cis

a 8:9

b. 9 : 10

c. 10:11

d. II

12

that no two adjacent stripes have the same colour is

a

b.

!2x8!

16

20

X 192

X 125

d. 24X2J6

C.

J

!

t:<f 2.-1

Directions for Questions 68 and 69: .Answer the questions on the basis of the informali on given below.

fl(x)

=x

=I

x;::!

=0

otherwise

f2(x)

=

fl(-x)

for all x

Directions for Questions 72 and 73: .Answer the questions on the basis of the informali on given below.

In an examination, there are I00 questions divided into three groups A, B and C such that each group contains at least one question. Each question in group A carries I mark, each question in group B carries 2 marks and each question in group C

carries 3 marks. It is known that the ques ·ons in =-f2(x) for all x
carries
3 marks. It is known that the ques ·ons in
=-f2(x)
for all x
group A together carry at least 60% of e\.,tal
=
f3 (-x)
for all x
marks.
'
How many
of the following pro ducts are
72.
necessarily zero for every x:
f!( X )/2 (X) ,/2 (X) /3( X) ,/2 (X)f 4 (X)
a
0
b.
SECTION-III
Sub-SN.tion Ili-A: Number of Question= 45
:~\,k:ts.::: (:t. '?4 h) ::~3 ;:nr ry h~~H' <'l m~\r k f.\3 dt. :·.\1l
t.ht~f1~h(~f <p.H~si·io.n. ;·~.n ~ut.::
1
:\'(:.t;thtn
~H· :'1. \'<~'r.i'~·
~)us.~m~)rk ~~.~rh,
Directions for Questions 74 to 83: Fill up the
blanks, numbered
[74], [75]
up to [83], in the
two passages below with the most appropriate
word from the options given for each blank.
.At that time the White House was as serene as a
resort hotel
out
of season. The corridors were

f3(x)

f4(x)

68.

69.

a

no soluti on for x

b.

exactly

one soluti on for x

c.

exactly two distinct solutions for x

d.

exactly three distinct solutions for x

gray men in

waistcoats talked to one another in I ow-pitched voices. The only color, or choler, curiously enough, was provided by President Eisenhower himself. Apparently, his [76] was easily set off; he

[74].

In the various offices, [75]

scowled when he [77] the corridors.

74. a sanctions a striking b. refunds b. hollow c. fees c. empty d. fines
74.
a
sanctions
a
striking
b.
refunds
b.
hollow
c. fees
c.
empty
d. fines
d.
white
81.
75.
a closed
a
quiet
b.
detached
b.
faded
c.
attached
c.
loud
d.
impounded
d.
stentorian
82.
76.
a
smashed
r
a
laughter
b.
seized
~
b.
curiosity
c.
dismantled
~
c.
humour
d.
frozen
d.
temper
83.
:(;0+
77.
a
paced
b.
strolled
ftlr::~
c.
stormed
c. AandB
d. B, C, andD
85.
Identify
the
incorrect
sentence
or
 

d.

pretentious

79.

 

a

interest

b.

taxes

c.

princip a!

d.

returns

80.

sentences.

A

It was a tough situation and Manasi 'was taking pains to make it better.

B.

Slowly her efforts gave fruit and things started improving.

C.

Everyone

complemented her for her

good work

D.

She

everyone for their help .

was

very

happy

and

thanked

advocating

action against offenders,

others

are

l .:.

strong

•xf

:1

1

legal

86.

a

A

c.

b.

D

c.

Band C

 

d.

A

and C

d.

Identify

the

incorrect

sentence

or

bringing

reduce the

others

down audio cassette prices to

piracy,

action

incidence

of music

legal

advocate

strong

against offenders,

audiocassette

down

prices

to

be

to

reduce incidence

brought

of music

sentences. piracy, others advocate tha rong A. Harish told Raj to plead guilty. legal action
sentences.
piracy,
others
advocate
tha
rong
A.
Harish told Raj
to plead guilty.
legal
action
must
be
taked
ag
st
offenders,
B.
Raj
pleooed guilty
of stealing money
from the shop.
89.
The
ancient
Egy~·
bel1eved
so
at
en
these
C. The court
found
R;;
guilty
of all the
objects were magtec
i
ed through
crimes he was cha-ged with .
the
correct ritual.
they
d be
able
to
D. He
was sentenced
for
three years in
function effective!
jaiL
a
that
it
•·
essent1al that
things they
a
AandC
us~
have
every
rei evant
b.
Band D
b.,
sho
as clearl y as possible
c.
A.
C, and D
b
w
f ssentlal
for thtngs
they portray
~e
had
every
relevant
feature
d.
B,
C,
and D
Qj
own as clearly as poss1ble,
Directions
for
Questions
87
to
,
Each
was essential
that
the things they
89
option
from
the four
options
given below
th
shown as clearly as posSible
statement to
make up
the missing part:
d
that when
they
portrayed
thin gs,
it
should
have
every
relevant
feature
A-ch
·
bel'
.
shown as clearly as posSible
87
.
,.,
aeo
1
og1sts
1eve that thefp1
red-ware pottery
excavated
teciltly
Directions
for
Questions
90
to
92:
In
each
Bhavnagar
and
shed
question, the word at the top
of the table is used in
light on
a hitherto
dar
~0
eriod in
four different ways, numbered I to
4,
Choose the
the
Harappan history o
ar
option
in
which
the
usage
of
the
word
is
a
estimated
wi~
reaso
ab l e
ce rtainty
INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE.
as
bein . g
a~
ut
00
f ears old,
b .
are
es
~ te'-re
nably
certain to
be
90.
FALLOUT
about
iO~
sold
a
Nagasaki suffered
from
the
fallout
of
lil~tM. at
about
3400
years old with
nuclear radiation.
~ ~""ooe
certainty,
b.
People
believed
that
the
political
·mated with
reasonable
certainty to
J
fallout
of
the
scandal
would
be
about
3400
yea-s old,
insignificant.
y
people
suggest
and
c.
Who
can
predict
the
enviro nmental
still others would like to
co nvin ce people

fallout

0

f the

wro

agreements?

d.

The headmaster

co uld

not understand

the

fallout

of

several

of

hi s

good

students at the Public examination.

PASSING

a

She

mathematics

did

not

have passing

marks

1n

 

not

to buy pirated cassettes

 

a

to

bring

down audio cassette

prices

to

 

reduce

the incidence

of music

piracy,

 

others

advocate

strong

legal

actio n

against the o £fenders,

 

91.

 

b.

bringin~

down

audiocassette prices

to

 

reduce

the incidents

of music piracy,

 

Jt

,,,,,,,

1 ;

l~ t:<f :.;

J

b. The

mad

woman

was

cursmg

D.

Bush

was

not

fighting

just

the

democrats.

 

E.

Representative democracy is a messy business, and a CEO of the White House does not like a legi s1 ature of second guessers and time wasters.

a

CAEDB

b.

DBAEC

 

everybody passing her on the road.

c. At the birthday party all the chi! dren enjoyed a game of passing the parcel.

d. A passing taxi was stopped to rush the accident victim to the hospital

92. BOLT

a The shopkeeper showed us a bolt of fine silk b. As he could not
a
The shopkeeper showed us a bolt
of
fine silk
b.
As he could not move, he made a bolt
d.
for the gate.
95.
c.
Could you please bolt the door?
A
d.
The thief was arrested before he could
bolt from the scene of the crime.
B.
wtth a Ietter
Choose
the most Iogtcal
d.
BCEDA
Directions for Questions 96 and 97: Four
alternative summaries are given below each text.
Choose
the option that best captures the essence
of the text.
96.
The human race is spread all over the
world, from the polar regions
to
the
tropics. The people of whom it is made up
eat
different
kinds
of
food,
partly
according
to
the climate in which they

Directions for Questions 93 to 95: The sentences

given in each question, when properly sequenced,

form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is

labeled

order of sentences from among the gtven chotces

to construct a coherent paragraph

93.

94.

A He left justified in bypassing Congress altogether on a variety of moves.

B. At times he was fighting the entire Congress.

C. Bush felt he had a mission to restore power to the presidency.

live, and partly according

food which their country pro duces. In hot climates, meat and fat are not much needed; but in the Arctic regions they

seem to be very necessary for keeping up

the heat of the body. Thus, in India, people

live chiefly on different kinds of grains, eggs, milk, or sometimes fish and meat. In Europe, people eat more meat and less

to

the kind of

t:~•xf

2

1

grain.

In

the

Arctic

regions.

where

no

c.

You

encountered

hardship

amongst

grains and fruits

are produced,

the Eskimo

your school

fellows because

you did

and

meat and fish.

a

other races

Food

eaten

live

by

almost entirely on

people

in

different

regions

of the world

depends on

the

climate and produce of the region.

and

varies

from

meat and fish in the Arctic

not know them

not make

prejudices

behaviour towards you.

welL

You should leam

of

your

their

to

enemies because

irrespective

of

d.

You

encountered

hardship

amongst

your

school

fellows

becwse

you did

to predominattly grains in the tropics. not know them welL You~sho\!41leam to not make enemies
to predominattly grains in the tropics.
not know them welL
You~sho\!41leam
to not make enemies becaus
o
ur
b.
Hot
climates
require
people
to
ea
prejudices unless they
b
ba
grains
while
cold
regions
reqUire
with you.
people to
eat
meat and fish.
c.
In
hot
countries
people
eat
mainly
grains while in
the
Arctic,
they
eat
Directions for
Questions~~"-lo!:;;~
~
meat
and
fish
because
they
cannot five passages given belo
is
~
grow grans.
questions.
Choose
the
question.
d.
Whil e people
in
Arctic
regions like
meat
and fish and those in hot regions
like India
prefer
mainly grains, they
0
A:
EI
h ave
to
change
what
they eat
Rec0ntl
I
vera!
hours
sitting under a tree
depending on the local climate
and the
in
with
the
social
anthropologist
I ocal produce.
·r
Ur
a Harvard University professor who
You seemed
at first
to
take
no notice
of
m the art of negotiation and
wrote the
your
school - fel l ows,
or
rather
to
set
hng book,
Gelling Jo
Yes.
He captivat ed m e
yoursel f against
them because
they were
tfl
s theory that tribalism protects peop le from
strangers to you.
They
knew
as
little
thetr fear
of rapid
change.
He
explained th at the
you as
you did
of them ; thi s
wo uld ha v.
pillars
of
tribalism
that
humans
rely
on for
been the
reason
for their
keepin~
f security
would
always
counter
any
significant
from you
as
wel l,
which
yo u
w u;.,:
cultural or
social change.
In
thi s
way,
he said,
felt as a hardship . Leam never
con
ei
change
is
never
all owed
to
happen
too
fast.
a
prejudice
against
other
e yo u
Technology,
for example,
is
a pillar
of society.
know nothing of them. e
d
asoning,
Ury
believes that every time technology moves in
and
makes enemie s
of
al-
world.
Do
a new
or radical
direction.
another pillar such
as
not
think ill
of th em til
C!
ehave ill
to
religion
or
national ism
will
grow
stronger
in
you;
and
then
st:J1ve
to avoid the
faults
effect,
the traditional
and
familiar
will
assume
which you
se
·
em . "This
will
disarm
greater importance to compensate for the new atd
.
their
hos li.l.i&I.'f
i~
that
pique
or
untested.
In this manner, human tribes avoid rapid
resenlmen \Pf~
Ianl
chatge thaI eaves people insecure atd frightened.
a
Til
mfort
you
felt
with
your
But we
have
all
heard that nothing
is
as
e
ows was because both
sides
permanent
as
chatge.
Nothing
is
guaranteed.
kne
tttle
of each other.
You
should
Pithy expressions, to
be
sure, but no
more
than
ot
compi an
unless you
find
others
cliches.
As
Ury
says, people
don't live that way
prejudiced
against
you
and
have
from
day-to-day.
On
the
contrary,
they actively
attempted
to
carefully
analyze
the
seek certainty
and
stability.
They
want to know

97.

faults you have observed in them.

b.

The

discomfort

you

felt

with

your

school fellows was because both sides

knew

little

of

each

other.

Avoid

till

from

prejudi ce

you

others,

and

negative

bad

thoughts

encounter

and

then

behaviour

win

them over

by

shunning the fau lts you have observed.

they will be safe. Even with the idea of change.

so

we

scare

An

ourselves

IBM

CEO

'We only re-structure for a good reason.

constantly

said:

once

and if we

haven't

re-structured

in

a

while,

that's

a

good

reason.'

We

are

scared

that

comp etitors,

technology

and the consumer will put us

Out

of

business-

so we have to change all the ti me just

""""""'"""""""""""'J

16 t:<f 2.~

to stay alive. But if we asked our fathers and grandfathers, would they have said that they lived

calcified

in a period of !itt! e change?

have changed much. It may just be the speed with

which we do things. Change is over-rated, anyway, consider the automobile. It's an especially valuable example, because the auto industry has spent tens of billions

of dollars on research and product development in and in the 1980s in France.) So for 40 years we

German auto companies developed plans to scrap the entire combustion engine for an electrical design. (The same existed in the 1970s in Japan,

organizations, humans do two things: sabotage changes that might render people dispensable, and ensure industry-wide emulation. In the 960s,

The

only

explanation

for

in

this

ts

anthropological.

Once

established

Structure may not

the last 100 years. Henry Ford's first car had a might have been free of
the last 100 years. Henry Ford's first car had a might have been free of the wasteful and !
metal chassis with
an
internal
combustion,
dependence
on
fossil
fuels.
Why
gasoline-powered engine, four wheels with rubber anywhere? Because auto executiv
un
tood
types, a foot operated clutch assembly and brake ptstons and carburettors,
and~•
loath to
system, a steering wheel, and four seats, and it
canmb altze thetr exp emse,
Q
ng
w
ost of
could safely do I 8 miles per hour. A hundred thetr factones
years and tens of thousands of research hours
later,
we drive cars with a metal chassis with an
98
Which e of the folloW! -
est desen bes one
internal combustion, gasoline-powered engine,
of the m
~
81
s. ussed in the passage'
four
wheels with rubber tyres a foot operated
clutch assembly and brake system, a steering
a
an
is usually welcomed in
wheel, four seats - and the average speed in
° ae~
London in 2001 was 17.5 milesperhour!
'?}.uptf is not as innovative as it is
That's not a hell
of a I ot of return for the
a Cie out to be.
money. Ford evidently doesn't have much to teach ~
e should have less change than what
us about change. The fact that they're
s~·ll
we have now.
manufacturing cars is not proof that Ford Motor
d.
Competition
spurs
companies
into
Co. is a sound organization, just pro of that it tak racli cal innovation.
very
large companies
to
make
cars
in
gre
99 According to the passage, which of the
.
:;:;•:;
moltiog "' m olmo" i~t;
following statements is true?
a
Executives
of automobile companies
Fifty years after the devel
op~
n
1
of
et
are inefficient and Iudicrous.
engine, planes are also little
changen
ey've
grown bigger, wider and can ~
0
people.
b.
The speed at which an automobile is
But
those are incremental, gel cosmetic driven in a city has not changed much
changes.
~
in a century.
Taken togeth
Ia~
of real
change
c. Anthropological factors have fostered
l\:1
-
has come to man ~
whether driving
innovation m automobiles by
or
flying
-
ti~~' techno! ogy
have
not
promoting use of new technologies.
combined to ~~ ing1'much better. The safety
d.
Further innovation in jet engines has
and desi
~~~ urse accompanied the times
been more than incremental.
and the
~~ ume of
cars
and flights,
but
10 0.
Which of the following views does the
nothi
any significance has changed in the
author fully support in the passage?
b
a
ump.tions of the final product.
a
Nothing is asp ermanent as change.
the same time, moving around in cars
b.
Change is a! ways rapid.

or aero -planes becomes less and Iess efficient all

the time Not only has there been no great change,

both forms of transport have deteriorated

as more people clamour to use them. The same is

but a! so

c. More money spent on innovation I eads to more rapid change.

change has

d. Over

decades,

structural

true for telephones, which took over hundred

years to

which also required an entire century to change.

become mobile

or photo graphic film,

been incremental.

101 According to the passage, the reason why we continued to be dependent on fossil fuels is that:

r ·························································································································································;·;·;;·;:··-<:

a

Auto

change.

executives

did

not

wish

b. No

alternative fuel s were disc overed.

to

c.

Ch ange

in te chnology

was

n ot

easi ly

possible.

d.

Germ an,

Japanese

and

French

co mpanies

could

not

come

up

with

excessively

of

su bject

literary

matter

and moralis tic the nineteenth

in

interpretation

century.

In

truth the subject is literally the beginni ng and end

of a pamtlng. The painting begins with a selection

the

is

justified (now you can see all that I saw and felt in

(I will paint this and

world);

it

is

finished

not everything

when

that

else

in

selection

this and how it is more than merely itself).

ii

'

'l

l

··'l

''

ii

1.'.,1

''

1

!!

ii

I'!

I

new techno! ogies.

Thus, for a pai nting to succe e~·t is essential that the . painter and
Thus,
for
a
pai nting
to
succe e~·t
is
essential that
the . painter and
his pub
c
ee
P ASS AC E II
ooout what IS
SlgOifi cant.
The subje
ave
The
painter
is
now
free
to
pai nt
an ything
he
personal
meaning
for
the
painter
indi 'dual
chooses .
T here
are
scarce ly
any
for bid den
spectato r; but there. mus t a also e
o
' bility of
subjects, and to day every body is prepared
0
admi t
the1r agreement on 1ts general
·
anin
It is at this
that a painting of some fruit can be as important
as
point that the
culture
of
d period in
painting of a hero dying. The Impressionists
did
as
question
precedes
the
arti
and
his
art
much as any body
to
win this previously unheard-
Renaissance
art would h
t nothing
to
the
of
fre edom
for
the
artist .
Y
e~
by
the
next
Aztecs -
and v
e·{sa.~
to some
el<ten~
a few
generation,
painters began
to
abandon tie
subject
mtellectuals can
a
e
ate them
both to day
it is
altogether, and
began
to
paint abstract
pi ct ures
becau se
~
c
1s
an
historical
one:
its
Today
the
maJ onty
of
pic tures
pa nted
are
m sp~ratlon~
ry·
an d therefor e 11
can mclude
wstract.
Wl~thi-l t;:
nc1ple 1f not
10
every particu lar ,
.
all
e
O'ft
opments to
date
Is there a
connection
between these two
·
develop ments?
Has
art gone
abs tract because the
~
n culture
is
secure
and certain
of its
artist
1s
emb arras sed
by
his
free dom?
Is
th~,
•es,
I
presen t s its
artists
With
subj ects
The
p aint
1
because h e is free to
anythmg,
h
e
11 it
doesn'
e n
al
agreement abo ut what 1s
significant
s
so
know
what
to
pant?
Apologists
for
abstract
.
established
that
the
Slgmficance
of
a
often talk of it as Inc
art of maximum
particular subject accrues and becomes trad11lonal
.
But could this be the freedom of the desert
sl
.
~s
is
true,
for instance,
of reeds and
water
in
It would take
too
long
to
answe r
thes~ que
China,
of the
nude body in
Re nai ssance,
of the
0
properly .
I
be lieve
ther e
is
a
CO!l!lf~
n
.
.
y
an~mal m
Africa Furthermo re in su ch cu ltures the
things
have
encouraged
the
evelol~
of
arti st
IS
unl1kely
to be
a free
agent:
he
will
be
abstract
art.
Among
them
h
b
~
artists'
employed
for the
sake
of particular subj ects,
and
wish to avoid
the difficulties
o
d.
g subjects
the problem, as we have just described
i~
will not
draw attention to a'
the painter' s choi ce
d1smte.grat1on
or
transitions the
fr eedo m
of the
of
a
subj ect is
e
complicated
que stion
artist
Increases
-
but
the
questi on
of
subject
than 1t woultld
seem. A subject does not start
matter becomes prob~ernatlc
for h1m: he, himsel(
With
wh<t
t
front
of the ease l
or
with
has
to
choose for soc1ety . This was
<t
the basis of
somet hin
the
painter
happ ens
to
all
the increasing crises in European art during the
subject
starts
with
the
painter
run eteen th
century .
It
is
too often forgo tten how
wo
uld
like
to paint
such-and -s uch
any of the art scan dals o f that time w ere provoked
becaus
or
so me reas on
or
o
ther
he
finds
it
by
the
cho ice
of
sub ject
(Gericaul~ Courb~
meaningful.
A
subject begins
when
the
artist
Daurnier,
Degas,
Lautrec, Van Gogh, etc.).

selects . something

for

special

mention .

(Wh<t

makes

1t

spec1al

or

mean mgful m ay

seem

to

the

artist

to

be purely

VIsual

-

its colours

or

its

form.) When

the subJect has

been selected,

the

functl

on

of the painting itself is

to communicate

md JUSilfy the Significance of that selection.

By the end of the nineteenth century there

which the

what

were,

painter could meet this challe nge of deciding

roughly

speaking,

two ways in

to

pamt

and

so

choosing

for society.

Either he

identified himself with the people

and so

all owed

their lives

to

dictate his subjects

to

him or he had

It is often said today th<t subject

mater is

to

find

:~:~.~.~

his subjects

I:: :

within himself as

painter.

By

:::.~:~~ :~~e:t t~:: ~ ~.ur::O ISie

t :·:~O ~:.~ ~SIS O=~~.~ ~~::~~ ~=:.~.~~ ~~

~

~t

, il

l~~ t:<f 2.~

Many

painters

elid

of

course

work

for

the

bourgeoisie

according

to

their

copy-book

of

approved subjects, but all of them, filling the Salon and the Royal Academy year after year, are now forgotten, buried under the hypocrisy of

those they served so sincerely.

I 0 2.

In the sentence, "I believe there is a

I 06.

d. The painting of subjects is inspired by

historical developments. In the context of the pass age, which of the following statements would NOT be true?

a Painters decided subjects based on

what they remembered from their own lives.

b. Painters of reeds and water in China

connection" (second paragraph), what two faced no serious problem of c•IJII"1~ 1! developments is the
connection" (second paragraph), what two
faced no serious problem of c•IJII"1~ 1!
developments is the author referring to?
subject.
a
Painters using a dying hero and using a
c. The choice of subject w aq_ so e of
ni CI(f' century
fruit as a subject of painting.
scandals
in
b.
Growing success of painters and an
European
art.
increase in abstract forms.
d. Agreement onR g er meaning of
c.
Artists
gaining
freedom
to
choose
a painting is ir.t\uen~dby culture and
subjects
and
abandoning
subject's
historical
conte~
altogether.
ll.:EIII O
d. Rise of Impressionists and an increase
in abstract forms.
Througho~ m~
ry the leading causes of
When a culture is insecure, the painter
death~ ~ infection and trauma, Modem
chooses his subject on the basis of:
me~
a s scored significant victories against
a The prevalent style in the society ofhis
~
d
e major causes of ill health and death
time.
· e chronic degenerative diseases, such as
b. Its meaningfulness to the painter.
~,~
,.
artery
disease,
arthritis,
osteoporosis,
.
.
l\1<1!leimer' s, macular degeneration, cataract and
W
c.
hat ts put tn front of the easel.
ancer. These have a long latency period before
d.
Past experience and memory!lf
symptoms appear and a eli agno sis is made. It
Painter.
follows that the majority
of apparently healthy
Which of the following views i
tak
people are pre-til.
the author?
But are these conditions inevitably
degenerative? A
truly preventive medicine that
focused on the pre-ill,
analyzing the metabolic
errors which I ead to clinical illness, rni ght be able
b.
to correct them before the first symptom. Genetic
risk factors are known for all the chronic
degenerative diseases, and are important
to
the
individuals who possess them.
At the population
level, however,
rni gration studies confirm that
these illnesses are linked for the most part
to
lifestyle factors -
exercise,
smoking
and
nutrition. Nutrition is the easiest
of these to
change, and the most versatile tool for affecting
the metabolic changes needed to tilt the b a! ance

103.

104.

b.

c. The subject has a personal meaning for the painter.

avvay from disease.

that

malnutrition is common in developed countries. lbis is not the calorie and/or micronutrient deficiency associated with developing nations (type A malnutrition); but multiple micronutrient depletion, usually combined with calorific balance or excess (Type B malnutrition). The incidence

May

nation a!

surveys

reveal

!\lt:<f? -1

and severity of Type B malnutrition will be shown to be worse if newer micronutrient groups such as the essential fatty acids, xanthophylls and

falconoid are inc!uded in the surveys. Common!y

ingested levels of these micronutri ents seem to be

far too low in many developed countries.

There is now considerable evidence that Type B malnutrition is a major cause of chronic

each ingredient individually. But in the field of nutrition, this does not work. Each intervention on

its own will hardly make enough difference to be measured. The best therapeutic response must therefore combine micronutrients to normalise our internal physiology. So do we need to analyse each individual's nutritional status and then tailor a formula specifically for him or her? While we do not have the resources to analyze millions of

degenerative diseases. If this is the case, then tis individual cases, there is no need
degenerative diseases.
If this is the case, then tis
individual cases, there is no need to do se
The
logical to treat such diseases not with drugs but
vast majority of people are consumin optt
with multiple micronutrient repletion, or
amounts
of most micronutri ents, ~ os the
pharmaco-nutrition'.
lbis can take the form of
pills and capsules - 'nutraceuticals', or food
rnicronutrients
concerned
0' ~~
safe.
Accordingly,
a
comprehensi
e
ailj
universal
formats known as 'functional foods',
1bis
program of micronutriente p ~ obably the
approach has been neglected hitherto because it is
most cost-effective and
.3fest
ay of improving
relatively
unprofitable for drug companies - the
the general health of the n · n.
pro ducts are hard to patent - and it is a strategy
which does not sit easily with modem medical
interventionism. Over the last I00 years, the drug
107. ar~~ e~
Why
umber of apparently
industry has invested huge sums in developing a
}l?p~ emedpre-ill?
he
range
of subtle and powerful drugs to treat the
ay have chronic degenerative
many diseases we are subject to. Medical training
is couched in pharmaceutical terms and this
approach
has
pro111ded us wtth an exceptional
ey
do not know their own genetic
risk factors which predispose them to
disease and m acute medtcal emergenctes
diseases.
However, the pharmaceutical model has als
c.
They suffer from Type- B malnutrition.
created an unhealthy dependency culture, m whie
d.
There
is
a
I engthy
latency
period
relatively
few
of us
accept
responstbth~ r
associated
with
chronically
mamtauung
our own health
Instead,
~
degenerative diseases
handed
over thts responstbthty~
108. Type-B malnutrition is a serious concern
pro fesstonals who know very httle
th
in developed countries because
mamtenance, or dtsease prevenlat
a
developing
countries
main!y
suffer
One
problem
for
s
of
this
from Type-A malnutrition.
argument
ts
lack
of
e
n
·
d
of hard
evidence. We have a w th o.f. epidemiological
b.
it is a major contributor to illness and
data linking dietary
;'! tO" health profiles/
death.
disease risks,
an~
t
~ of information on
c.
pharmaceutical companies are not
mechanism:
how foo
ctors interact with our
producing drugs to treat this condition.
bio cherni stry.
most all intervention studies
d.
national surveys on malnutrition do not
with mi
ts,
with the notable exception of
include newer micronutrient groups.
the om eg
3
:
acids, have so far produced
109. Tailoring micronutrient-based treatment
s
pears to have no predictive value. Does
plans to suit individual deficiency profiles
this inv
1date the science? Or are we simply
is not necessary because

asking the wrong questions? Based on pharmaceutical thinking, most

intervention studies have attempted to measure the imp act of a single rni cronutrient on the incidence of disease. The classical approach says that if you give a compound formula to test subjects and obtain positive results, you cannot know which

ingredient is exerting the benefit, so you must test

a

it very like!y to give inconsistent or negative results.

b.

it is a classic pharmaceutical approach not suited to rnicronutrients.

c.

most people are consuming suboptimal amounts of safe-to -consume micronutrients.

~0

•xf

2

1

110.

The

author

recommends

micron utrient-

aggressiveness. "Remember

too,"

Kenya:

The

repletion

for

large-scale

treatment

of

Rough

Guide

warns,

"Tsavo's

lions

have

a

'-

chronic degenerative diseases because

reputation

of

ferocity."

Their

fearsome

image

a

it is relatively easy to manage.

b.

micronutri ent defi cien cy is the cause of these diseases,

c.

it can overcome genetic risk factors.

became

well -known

in

1898,

when

two

males

stalled

construction

o f

what

is

now

Kenya

Railways

by allegedly

killing

and

eating

135

Indian and

African laborers.

A

British Army o ffi cer in charge

d. it can compensate for other lifestyle of building a railroad bridge over lhe Tsav
d.
it
can
compensate
for
other
lifestyle
of building a railroad bridge over lhe Tsav
·ver,
factors.
Lt
Col.
J.
H.
Patterson.
spent
nine
m
lhs
pursuing the pair before he brought
to
b\y
and killed them. Stuffed and mou
th
now
PASSAC E IV
glare
a visitors to
the Field SM
'
hicago.
Fifty
feet
wray
three male lions
lay by the road.
Patterson's
account of the leo
e re
of terror,
They
didn't appea- to
have
a hair on their heads.
The
Man-Eaters
of
Tsa~
.tematio~al
Noting
the
color
of their noses
Qeorune
noses
best seller when publish"- in
lfp 7. Sbll tn pnnt,
darken
as
they age,
from
pink
to
black),
Craig
lhe book has made
Tsavo~
snotorious. That
estimated that they were
six years old -
young
annoys some
sc·
·.
ts.
.4feople
don't
want
t o
adults .
"This
is wonderful! "
he
sai d,
after staring
give up
on my
olo
,'
Dennis King told me one
at them
for
several moments. "This is
what we
day. The
z~
t
een working in Tsavo
off
came to see. They really
are maneless." Craig. a
and on for\Jour
j~ars."I