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OTN Overview

Radhakrishna Valiveti System Architecture Group, Infinera Corp.

Outline
What is OTN? Basic Capabilities in OTN Networks New Developments OTN Evolution Convergence of Layers Summary

What is OTN?
Next Generation SONET/SDH
Transparent Client Signal Transport
Bits & Timing Terabit/sec capacity on fibers (using DWDM) Higher client signal rates (1G, 2.5G, 10G, 40G, ...)

Support efficient multiplexing of services onto a


wavelengths Enhanced OAM
Beyond SONET (no TCMs), SDH (1 TCM) Linear Protection (support existing SONET/SDH mechanisms) Ring Protection (support existing SONET/SDH mechanisms) Shared Mesh protection (New)

Protection schemes

First Gen DMDM Networks (pre-OTN)


Proprietary DWDM solutions

Carrier B

Carrier A
NE NE NE
Vendor B

Carrier A
NE NE NE
Vendor A

NE

NE

Customer Eqpt (e.g. Router)

Inter Vendor/Carrier interop Possible only at the level of client signals

Customer Eqpt (e.g. Router)

End to end Service realized in the form of multiple segments Client to wavelength mapping No end-to-end service management (only possibility is to examine the client signal at various points along the circuit)
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The OTN Approach


Intra-Domain interfaces (IaDI). Can incl. proprietary elements

Carrier B

Carrier A
NE NE NE
Vendor B

Carrier A
NE NE NE
Vendor A

NE

NE

Customer Eqpt (e.g. Router)

Standard Inter-Domain (IrDI) i/f

Customer Eqpt (e.g. Router)

Digitally wrap Client signals. Wrappers can be monitored in transit Monitoring: Connectivity Verification Connection monitoring: end-to-end, or in segments Maintenance Signals Generic Communication Channels
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Network View
IP
IP Layer Routers Links Realized via Xport networks

OTN

Electrical: Client Mapping, Connection Multiplexing, Grooming, Monitoring, No stranded BW Protection/Restoration

DWDM

Optical Layer: Add/Drop, Express, Protection/Restoration

OTN Architecture
SONET/SDH Ethernet SAN

Multi-Service Clients

Digital Domain

Assoc OH

OH OH OH OPUk ODUk

Client

Optical Payload Unit (OPUk) (transparent client signal transport) Optical Data Unit (ODUk)

FEC

Optical Transport Unit (OTUk)

(k = 1/2/3/4 for 2.510/40/100G) FEC Enhanced optical reach, BER Optical Channel (OCh) (1 OCh per OTU; ITU G.694.1 wavelength grid)

Non Assoc OH (OSC)

OCh OCh

Optical Domain

...........
OMSn
Optical Multiplex Section (OMS) Optical Transport Section (OTS)

OTSn

OTN NE Internals
ODU Mux/demux OTU Source/Sink

CLIENT

SWITCHING LINE

l1 l2 l3 l4

l1 l2 l3 l4

OTN WDM Line Side


G.694.1 wavelength grid G.709 Digital Wrapper w/ FEC or Enhanced FEC Typically OTUkV (Functionally standardized) OTN Overhead & OAMP

....

....

ln

ODUk Bandwidth Management

ln

OTN Bandwidth Management


ODUk switching Typically ODU0 (1.25G) granularity Transparent switching of DWDM line capacity
SAN (Fibre Channel, FICON)

Client signal adaptation OTN (OTU1, OTU2, OTU3, OTU4)

SONET/SDH (155Mb/s 40Gb/s)

Ethernet (1/10/40/100 GbE)

OTN Client Interfaces


Multi-service support for SONET/SDH, Ethernet and SAN OTN handoffs enable multivendor inter-working Optical interfaces support (OTUk) (Fully standardized)

OTN Layers (End-to-End View)


May be part of the same NE

Client Signal Trail: e.g. OC192, STM-64, 10GBASE-R

Client Eqpt

Digital ADM

Optical ADM
OTS

Optical Amp
OTS OMS OCh OTU

Optical ADM

Digital ADM

Client Eqpt

ODU
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Client Signal Mapping (G.709 3/2003)


CBR2G5
OC-48/STM-16

AMP BMP AMP BMP

OPU1

CBR10G
OC-192/STM-64

OPU2

OPU1-4V
AMP BMP OPU3

CBR40G
OC-768/STM-256

OPU2-4V
OPU1-16V

No Standard Mappings defined for Ethernet Clients


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* AMP = Async Mapping Procedure; BMP = Bitsynch Mapping Procedure

Client Signal Mapping (G.709 12/2009)


10GBase BMP OPU2e

FC-1200
CBRx

TTT
BMP

BMP

OPU2e
OPUFlex

1000Base

TTT

GMP

OPU0

40GBase 100GBase STM-1,4


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TTT GMP GMP

GMP

OPU3 OPU4 OPU0

OTN fully support Ethernet Clients * GMP = Generic Mapping Procedure; TTT = Timing Transp. Transcoding

ODU Multiplexing Hierarchy


Low-Order ODUk ODU1 Muxing
2

ODU2 Muxing
8

ODU3 Muxing
32

ODU4 Muxing
80

High-Order ODUk

ODU0 ODU1 ODUflex

ODU1
4 8 16 32 40 80

ODU1

ODU2

ODU2

10

ODU2
ODU3e1/2 Muxing

ODU2e

10

ODU3e1

ODU3e1 ODU3e2 ODU3


ODU4

ODU3
ODU4

ODU3
2

ODU3e2

ODU4

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OTN Multiplexing - Example


10GbE mapped into ODU2e
ODU2e OH ODU2e OH

ODU2e muxed into ODU3


ODU2 OH ODU3 OH
ODU2e OH

10G

10G

10G

10G

10G

10GbE OTU2e OTU3 ODU2 muxed into same ODU3

ODU2 OH

10G

OTU2
10G
10G 10G ODU2 OH
ODU2e OH

Legend
Client service ODU2 encapsulation ODU2e encapsulation ODU3 encapsulation

OC-192/ OC-192/STM-64 STM-64 mapped into ODU2

ODU2 OH

ODU3 OH

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Tandem Connection Monitoring


OTN Network A OTN Network B OTN Network A

ODU Connection monitored within B (TCM1) ODU Connection monitored within A (TCM2)

TCM1 & TCM2 being monitored concurrently Network operators need to agree on the TCM layers to use (no dynamic allocation of TCM layers to domains) Allows arbitrary nesting of TCM layers (subject to layer availability) ODU frame includes Overhead (OH) for 6 TCM layers

TCM layer Used for: - Connectivity Verification, PM, Protection/Restoration triggers


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Tandem Connection Monitoring (TCM)


Segment Protection/Restoration
OTN Network B

OTN Network A

working protection

OTN Network A

ODU Connection monitored within B (TCM1) ODU Connection monitored within A (TCM2)

NE at the edge of Network B NE at the edge of network A (near CPE)


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detects the problem with the working path Knows the problem is in their domain Switches to the protection path Gets (data plane) notification of defect in working path Uses hold-off timer to prevent initiating switchover (i.e. allow the nested protection attempt to succeed)

Control Plane in Optical Networks

Automated control plane for DWDM & OTN

Auto discovery of topology Route computation Point-and-click provisioning

OSPF-TE discovers topology & bandwidth Dynamically advertised as changes occur


Source-based CSPF circuit routing Traffic engineering for explicit routing control RSVP-TE signaling protocol for dynamic provisioning of paths Speeds service delivery from A to Z

Service restoration

Mesh restoration of multiple failures. Efficient use of bandwidth

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ODUflex Applications
FC
Eth TDM CBR

Improvement over ODU VCAT

ODU-flex 1
ODU-flex 2 Higher Order (HO) ODU (one l)
Eth

VLAN #1

ODU-flex 1
ODU-flex 2 Higher Order (HO) ODU (one l)

VLAN #2

ODU (non-flex)

TDM CBR

ODU (non-flex)

Stop the proliferation of ODU containers Suited to CBR signals of arbitrary rates, e.g. map 8GFC into ODUflex, NOT 8GFC to ODU2 ODU2e used to map 10GBASE-R signal is not called ODUflex (but can be considered the first ODUflex) No need for deskew buffers required to support ODU VCAT

New use for ODUflex Packet Traffic rates not coupled to that of the physical interface (logical flows) Uses GFP-F encapsulation for packets ODUflex rate is N x (TS in HO-OPUk)

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HO ODU4/21 ODUflex Tributary Slot Allocation 80 TribSlots @ 1G

80 tributary slots @ 1.301G (for ODU4


links)

ODUflex(3GSDI)

LO ODUj can take any n tributary


slots
No bandwidth fragmentation

ODU0 ODU0 ODU0 /4 ODUflex(GFP)/3

LO ODUflex(GFP) is resizable
hitlessly (without any traffic impact)
ODUflex(GFP)/6

ODU2

Allocated TribSlot
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Unallocated TribSlot

Convergence of Layers

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The motivation behind Packet-OTN


Service Routers
IP-VPN L2 VPN Internet Access VoIP IPTV

IP Peering

Core / Backbone Network

IP Core Routers

SONET transport

SAN

Private Line

Wholesale Bandwidth

Transport Network (OTN/WDM)

Reduce Cost: IP core routers touch 100% of IP traffic at most nodes Ensure Common convergence layer: Optical + Packet Support
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P-OTN optimized for packet & multi-service optical


Today
IP/MPLS

Phase I
IP

Phase II
IP

MPLS

STS/OTN

WDM

Converged WDM/OTN Switching

Converged WDM/P-OTN

Converged WDM/P-OTN dramatically simplify the network


21 2011 Infinera Corporation.

Summary

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Full function OTN


Standardized Efficient High Multi-Service Service Bandwidth Platform Reconfiguration Inter-Carrier Hand-Offs
OTN Adaptation
OTN OTN OTN OTN OTN

Efficient High- Multi-Layer Bandwidth Management Transport & Automation


OTN DWDM Transport Control Plane & OAMP

OTN Switching

OTN Multiplexing

client

ODUj

ODUj
(ODU2)

ODUj
(ODU2)

ODUj <-> ODUk


(ODU2 <-> ODU3)

ODUk
(N x ODU3)

OTUk
(OTU4)

10GbE -> ODU2

e.g., GMPLS, ASON, WSON

Support For Full Range of Fully-Standardized OTN Features


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Efficient OTN Enabled Network


Single OTN Service Delivery Layer
Integrated OTN + DWDM

Single protocol-agnostic service delivery layer

Homogenous OAM&P
Standardized Managed multi-service trunks Tandem Connection Monitoring 100% Transparent transport
Asynchronous mapping
Bit Synchronous mapping Generic mapping

Carrier A
SDH Ethernet Fiber Channel Others

Carrier B OTN

OTN

OTN

TCM Level 1 Level 2 Level 3

Domain & Domain Interconnect Supervision

Lead Operator QoS Supervision


User QoS Supervision

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Thank You

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