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Paper 8

Mathematical Formulae 1. Quadratic Equation For the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, x= Binomial expansion
n n 1 n n 2 2 n n r r n ( a + b) n = a n + 1 a b + 2 a b + ....... + r a b + ....... + b , n n! n(n 1).......(n r +1) where n is a positive integer and r = r!(n r )! = r!

ALGEBRA

b b 2 4ac . 2a

2. Identities

TRIGONOMETRY sin2 A + cos2 A = 1. sec2 A = 1 + tan2 A. cosec2 A = 1 + cot2 A.

sin( A B ) = sin A cos B cos A sin B cos( A B ) = cos A cos B sin A sin B tan A tan B tan( A B ) = 1 tan A tan B

sin 2A = 2 sin A cos A. cos 2A = cos2 A sin2 A = 2 cos2 A 1 = 1 2 sin2 A 2 tan A tan 2 A = . 1 tan 2 A
1 1 ( A + B ) cos ( A B ) 2 2 1 1 sin A sin B = 2 cos ( A + B ) sin ( A B ) 2 2 1 1 cos A + cos B = 2 cos ( A + B ) cos ( A B ) 2 2 1 1 cos A cos B = 2 sin ( A + B ) sin ( A B ) 2 2

sin A + sin B = 2 sin

Formulae for ABC


a b c = = sin A sin B sin C

a 2 = b 2 + c 2 2bc cos A .

= 1 (a) !"press

1 bc sin A . 2

$ x 2 1# x # in partia% &ractions. x$ 4x

'4(

(b)

$x + * $ + dx , giving +our answer correct to 2 deci,a% p%aces. !va%uate *x x 4 '4(

(a)

-iven that %og p 2 = x and %og p $ = y , &ind in ter,s o& x and y, (i) (ii)
%og p 2. p * $2 %og / $/ p .

, '*(

(b)

0i,p%i&+

2+ $ * 2 $

. * +2 $

and give +our answer in &or,

a +b $

where '$(

a and b are rationa% nu,1ers.

(a)

2he equation x 2 4 x + * = 0 has roots


k k

and whi%e the roots o& the


'4(

equation x 2 / x + p = 0 are and . Find the va%ue o& p and o& k. (b)

2he roots o& the equation x 2 + hx + 24 = 0 di&&er 1+ 2, &ind the possi1%e va%ues o& h. '4(

2he equation o& a &unction y = f ( x) is de&ined 1+ f ( x) = 1.* + $ sin 2 x &or a%% va%ues o& x. (a) 0tate the a,p%itude and period o& &. '2(

(b) Find the va%ues o& x &or 0 < x < , where the curve y = f ( x) cuts the x!a"is. -ive +our answers in ter,s o& . '4( (c) 03etch the graph o& 5
y =1.* + $ sin 2 x &or 0 x ".

'2(

dy x . Find an e"pression &or . 4ence &ind the 2 $x dx equation o& the nor,a% to the curve at the point x = 1. '4(

2he equation o& a curve is y =

2o ,easure the th+roid condition in a person, a s,a%% dose o& a radioactive iodine is in5ected into the 1%ood strea,. 2he a,ount o& iodine A re,aining in the 1%ood a&ter x hours is given 1+ the equation A = #e 0.00# x where # is a constant. 6& a dose o& iodine is in5ected into the 1%oodstrea, at noon on 7onda+, &ind (a) (b) the percentage o& iodine re,aining in the 1%oodstrea, at / p, on the sa,e da+, '2( the nu,1er o& hours it ta3es &or the percentage %eve% o& iodine to drop to *08 o& its origina% dose. '$(

6n the diagra,, $AQ is a tangent to the circ%e at point A and AC is a dia,eter o& the circ%e. (a) (b)
ABC is si,i%ar to QBA . 4ence or otherwise, prove that 9rove that

AB 2 = BC BQ. 9rove that AC 2 = QC BC .

'4( '4(

8 !"press . sin x # cos x in the &or, % sin( x ) where % is positive and acute. 4ence &ind (a) the acute ang%e x &or which . sin x # cos x = * ,

is
'4( '$(

(b) (c)

the ,a"i,u, va%ue o& . sin x # cos x and the ang%e x 1etween 0 and $/0 which gives this va%ue, '2( the ,ini,u, va%ue o& (. sin x # cos x) 2 and the ang%e x 1etween 0 and $/0 which gives this ,ini,u, va%ue. '$(

2he equation o& a curve is y = 2 x )

x2 . $

(a) (b)

Find e"pressions &or

dy d2y and . dx dx 2

'2(

Find the co:ordinates o& the stationar+ points and deter,ine the nature o& the stationar+ points. '4(

0 ./

10

(a) (b)

!va%uate

0 .1

4 cos

2 xdx giving +our answer correct to 2 deci,a% p%aces. '4(

2he diagra, shows part o& the graphs o& y = x 2 +1 and y = cos 2 x . Find (i) '$( (ii) the coordinates o& A, B and C, the area o& the shaded region giving +our answer correct to 2 deci,a% p%aces. '4(

y C

y= x +1

B <

y = cos 2 x

11

; partic%e ,oves in a straight %ine so that, at ti,e t seconds a&ter %eaving a &i"ed point 1 t 1 1 < , its ve%ocit+ , & , s , is given 1+ & = 2e 2 . 2 (a) Find (i) the initia% acce%eration o& the partic%e, '2( (ii) the va%ue o& t when the partic%e is instantaneous%+ at rest, '$( (iii) the distance o& the partic%e &ro, < when t = 2. '$(

(b)

03etch the ve%ocit+:ti,e curve &or t 0, indicating the coordinates o& the points o& intersection with the a"es. '$(

12

2he diagra, shows a quadri%atera% ABC# where AC is para%%e% to the %ine $ y = 2 x +1# and A is on the x:a"is. 2he coordinates o& $ and # are ( $, 2) and ( *, .) respective%+, $C=2A$, BAC = )0 , AB = 2 1$ units and A$C is a straight %ines. Find (a) (b) (c) (d) ( ) the equation o& AC, the coordinates o& A, the equation o& AB, the coordinates o& C and B, the area o& the quadri%atera% ABC#.
y

'2( '1( '2( '*( '1(

$ A x '

!=> <F 9;9!?

A!"# $" (%a& $ 8)


1. 2. (a) (a)(i)
2 * 4 + x x +2 x 2 $y + 2 1 *x 2

(1) (ii)

4#.4)
2 y + 2x + x+y 1 2

(1)

1) + 2$ $ 1$

$. 4. *. /.

(a) (a)

1 1 p =11 , k = . 4 2

(1)

h = 10 or 10

a,p%itude=$, period= radian

(1)

x=

. 11 or 12 12

dy 2 = , 2 y = x 1 . dx ( 2 $ x) 2

(a)

)*.$8

(1)

#/./ hrs

..

(a)

C Q = AC C B ( BA in a%t.seg,ent) C C =)0 ( AB in se,i : circ%e) C B =BQ C A ( ?e,aining CA o& ) ;@B is si,i%ar to A@; i.e. ;@ @B = A@ @;

(1)

;@2 =@B @A

A; 2 = QB QC (tan sec th,) QA2 = QC 2 AC 2 ( 9+tha th,) A@ AB = AB 2 ;B 2 AC 2 = QC 2 QB QC = QC (QC QB ) = QC BC

#. ). 10. 11. 12

11$ sin( x 4#.# )


(a) ./.) (1) (1)

11$D x =1$#.#

(c)

0D

x =4#.# , 22#.#

(a) (a) (a) (d)

dy d2y = 1# 2 x 2 D 2 = 4 x dx dx

($, $/) ,a"D (:$, :$/) ,in

1.14 (ii)
$ y = 2 x +12

(1) (1)

(i) ;(0, 1) , @( (iii) ;(:/, 0) (e)

,0) , B (

, +1) 4 1/

(ii) 0.4* unit

(a)(i) 1

t=2... sec

1.*$ , (c)
$ y = x ) 2

B($, /), @(:2, :/)

/..* units

!=>