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9-165 Data Link Circuit, SAE J1939

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General Information Resistance Check Check for Short Circuit to Ground Check for Short Circuit from Pin to Pin

General Information
The OEM J1939 datalink circuit is located in the OEM wiring harness. The purpose of this datalink is to allow communication with vehicle controloperated systems such as transmission controllers, traction control system, etc. The traditional OEM J1939 datalink circuit is described as a shielded twisted pair and includes the wires connected to the J1939 datalink positive (+) pin, the J1939 datalink negative (-) pin, and the J1939 (shield) pin in the OEM harness. On newer vehicles and equipment, OEM's can utilize an OEM J1939 datalink circuit that is described as an unshielded twisted pair (UTP). The unshielded twisted pair (UTP) J1939 datalink does not include the J1939 (shield) pin and only includes the J1939 datalink positive (+) pin and the J1939 datalink negative (-) pin in the OEM
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harness. With the keyswitch in the ON position, public datalink messages will be broadcast on the OEM J1939 datalink. The broadcast will stop when the keyswitch is turned to the OFF position.

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J1939 has strict guidelines that must be followed for successful communication. Understanding some fundamentals about SAE J1939 will help make sure these guidelines are followed. The main component of an SAE J1939 system is a backbone harness. The harness can be up to 40 meters [131 feet] in length. The backbone harness is terminated at each end with a 120 ohm resistor. A maximum of thirty different devices can be attached to the SAE J1939 backbone at once. Each device, such as the datalink adapter, is connected to the backbone through a stub, which can be up to 1 meter [3.3 ft] in length. The stub connector is a 3pin plug.
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The terminating resistor caps (1) must be in place on the OEM backbone harness plugs (2) to maintain proper communication. Each resistor is 120 ohms and can be located in a removable cap.

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Some OEMs will choose to provide a complete SAE J1939 backbone harness. If this is supplied, connection to the INSITE electronic service tool is accomplished by a 9-pin datalink connector (1), Part Number 3162848. NOTE: Some OEM's place a 9-pin connector in the cab, but do not connect all of the pins to support J1939 protocol. Para comprobar si la columna vertebral del OEM J1939, gire el interruptor de llave a la posicin OFF. Mida la resistencia del enlace de datos positivos (+) pin SAE J1939 a la negativa de enlace de datos SAE J1939 (-) pines del conector de 9 pines Deutsch . El multmetro debe leer entre 50 y 65 ohmios para la herramienta de servicio electrnico INSITE para poder establecer la comunicacin. Si el fabricante no suministra el arns troncal J1939 al conector de 9 pines, la nica forma de establecer la comunicacin J1939 es a travs de ya sea la configuracin de la comunicacin de banco o por el mdulo de control del motor a travs de la configuracin de las comunicaciones del motor. Consulte el Procedimiento 022-999. NOTE: The typical SAE J1939 connector will be a 9-pin connector.
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Pin A B C D E F G H J

Signal Ground Unswitched Battery J1939 datalink (+) J1939 datalink (-) J1939 datalink (shield) (if available) J1708 datalink (+) J1708 datalink (-) Open Open
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Resistance Check

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WARNING
Batteries can emit explosive gases. To reduce the possibility of personal injury, always ventilate the
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compartment before servicing the batteries. To reduce the possibility of arcing, remove the negative (-) battery cable first and attach the negative (-) battery cable last.

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CAUTION
Proper leads and/or a Cummins approved circuit testing tool must be used when working with electrical connectors to prevent pin expansion and damage to the connector.

Gire el interruptor de llave a la posicin OFF. Desconecte las bateras. Desconecte el conector de mazo del OEM de la ECU. Inserte un cable de prueba en el enchufe positivo de enlace de datos (+) pines del conector del arns del OEM SAE J1939, y conectarlo a la sonda multmetro. Inserte el otro cable de prueba en el enchufe positivo de enlace de datos (+) pines del conector de 9 pines Deutsch SAE J1939, y conctelo al multmetro. Mida la resistencia. El multmetro debe mostrar un circuito cerrado (10 ohmios o menos). Si el circuito no est cerrado, reparar o reemplazar el arns del OEM. Consulte la resolucin de problemas OEM y manual de reparaciones para los procedimientos.

Introduzca la punta de un multmetro en el SAE J1939 datalink negative (-) of the OEM harness connector. Touch the other lead to the SAE J1939 datalink negative (-) pin of the 9-pin Deutsch connector. Measure the resistance. The multimeter must show a closed circuit (10 ohms or less) Si el circuito no est cerrado, reparar o reemplazar el arns del OEM. Consulte la resolucin de problemas OEM y manual de reparaciones para los procedimientos. Si los valores son correctos, el circuito an debe ser revisado por un corto circuito a tierra y cortocircuitos de pin a pin. Retire el cable del terminal negativo de enlace de datos SAE J1939 (-) pines del conector del arns del OEM y la inserta en el enlace de datos SAE J1939 (escudo) pin, si el pin escudo est disponible. Si el circuito de enlace de datos J1939 es un par trenzado sin blindaje (UTP), no ser proporcionado terminal shield. Si se proporciona el pin escudo, medir la resistencia del enlace de datos SAE J1939 (escudo) pines del conector del arns del OEM para el enlace de datos SAE J1939 (escudo) pines del conector de 9 pines Deutsch . El multmetro debe mostrar un circuito cerrado (10 ohmios o menos). Si el circuito no est cerrado, reparar o reemplazar el arns del OEM. Consulte la resolucin de problemas OEM y manual de reparaciones para los

procedimientos. Si se proporciona el (escudo) pin, medir la resistencia del enlace de datos SAE J1939 ( escudo) pines del conector de 9 pines Deutsch al bloque del motor o de la tierra del chasis . El escudo de enlace de datos SAE J1939 debe conectarse a tierra a la tierra de la batera del vehculo. El multmetro debe mostrar un circuito cerrado ( 10 ohmios o menos ) . Si el circuito no est cerrado , consulte la solucin de problemas del OEM y manual de reparaciones para la instruccin de reparacin. Si ms de 10 ohmios se miden en cualquiera de estos pasos , no puede haber un circuito abierto en el sentido positivo de enlace de datos ( +) pin SAE J1939 , el negativo de enlace de datos SAE J1939 ( -) pin, o el pasador SAE J1939 ( escudo) , o la polaridad no es correcta. Tambin puede haber un circuito abierto del pasador de enlace de datos ( escudo) para tierra de la batera del vehculo. Si los valores son correctos, el enlace de datos positivos ( +) pin SAE J1939 y el negativo de enlace de datos ( -) pin todava deben ser revisados por un corto circuito a tierra. Lo positivo de enlace de datos ( +) pin SAE J1939 , el negativo de enlace de datos ( -) pin, y el enlace de datos ( escudo) pinmust todava ser verificada por un corto circuito de pin a pin .

Check for Short Circuit to Ground

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CAUTION
Proper leads and/or a Cummins approved circuit testing tool must be used when working with electrical connectors to prevent pin expansion and damage to the connector.

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Disconnect the OEM harness connector from the ECU. Insert a test lead into the SAE J1939 datalink positive (+) pin of the OEM harness connector and connect it to a multimeter probe. Touch the other multimeter probe to the engine block or chassis ground. Measure the resistance. The multimeter must show an open circuit (100k ohms or more). If the circuit is not open, repair or replace the OEM harness. Refer to the OEM troubleshooting and repair manual. Remove the test lead from the SAE J1939 datalink positive (+) pin and insert it into the SAE J1939 datalink negative (-) pin. Measure the resistance from the SAE J1939 datalink negative (-) pin of the OEM harness connector to the engine block or chassis ground. The multimeter must show an open circuit (100k ohms or more). If the circuit is not open, repair or replace the OEM harness. Refer to the

OEM troubleshooting and repair manual.

Check for Short Circuit from Pin to Pin

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CAUTION
Proper leads and/or a Cummins approved circuit testing tool must be used when working with electrical connectors to prevent pin expansion and damage to the connector.

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Disconnect the OEM harness connector from the ECU. Insert a test lead into the SAE J1939 datalink positive (+) pin of the OEM harness connector and connect it to the multimeter probe. Insert the other test lead into another pin in the connector of the OEM harness and connect it to the other multimeter probe. Measure the resistance from the SAE J1939 datalink positive (+) pin to the first pin in the connector. The multimeter must show an open

circuit (100k ohms or more). If the circuit is not open, repair or replace the OEM harness. Refer to the OEM troubleshooting and repair manual.

Measure the resistance from the SAE J1939 datalink positive (+) pin of the OEM harness connector to all other pins in the connector, one at a time. The multimeter mustshow an open circuit (100k ohms or more) at all pins, except the J1939 datalink negative (-). If the circuit is not open, repair or replace the OEM harness. Refer to the OEM troubleshooting and repair manual.

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Remove the test lead from the J1939 datalink positive (+) pin and insert it into the J1939 datalink (shield) pin of the OEM harness connector, if the shield pin is available NOTE: If the J1939 datalink circuit is an unshielded twisted pair (UTP), the (shield) pin will not be provided. If the shield pin is not provided, the datalink negative (-) pin must still be checked for a short circuit to the other pins. Insert the other test lead into another pin in the connector. Measure the resistance. The multimeter must show an open

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circuit (100k ohms or more). If the circuit is not open, repair or replace the OEM harness. Refer to the OEM troubleshooting and repair manual.

Measure the resistance from the SAE J1939 datalink (shield) pin, if available, to all other pins in the connector, one at a time. The multimeter must show an open circuit (100k ohms or more). If the circuit is not open, repair or replace the OEM harness. Refer to the OEM troubleshooting and repair manual.
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Remove the test lead from the SAE J1939 datalink (shield) pin and insert it into the SAE J1939 datalink negative (-) pin of the OEM harness connector. Insert the other test lead into another pin in the connector. Measure the resistance. The multimeter must show an open circuit (100k ohms or more). If the circuit is not open, repair or replace the OEM harness. Refer to the OEM troubleshooting and repair manual.
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Measure the resistance from the SAE J1939 datalink negative (-) pin of the OEM harness connector to all other pins in the connector. The multimeter must show an open circuit (100k ohms or more) at all pins, except the J1939 datalink positive (+) pin. If the circuit is not open, repair or replace the OEM harness. Refer to the OEM troubleshooting and repair manual. Connect all the components after the repair is complete.

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9-Pin Data link Cable, Part Number 3165159

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9-Pin In-Cab Data link Connector

A. Ground B. Battery (+) C. J1939 data link (+) D. J1939 data link (-) E. J1939 data link shield F. J1708 data link (+) G. J1708 data link (-) H. Open J. Open

Mida la resistencia de las clavijas de A, B, C, D, E, F y G en el conector de 9 pines a la ubicacin correspondiente en el conector de 25 pines, como se muestra. El multmetro debe mostrar un circuito cerrado (10 ohmios o menos). Si un circuito cerrado IsNot, sustituya el cable de enlace de datos

CAUTION
To avoid the possibility of damage to connector pins, use male test lead, Part Number 3824811, on the 6-pin Deutsch connector. Use male test lead, Part Number 3822758, on the 25-pin connector.

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6-Pin Data link Cable, Part Number 3165160

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6-Pin In-Cab Data link Connector

A. B. C. D. E. F.

J1708 data link (+) J1708 data link (-) Battery (+) Open Ground Open.

Mida la resistencia de las clavijas de A, B, C, y E en el conector de 6 pines a la ubicacin correspondiente en el conector de 25 pines, como se muestra. El multmetro debe mostrar un circuito cerrado (10 ohmios o menos). Si se notclosed un circuito, cambiar el cable de enlace de datos

CAUTION

To avoid the possibility of damage to the connector pins, use male test lead, Part Number 3822758, on the 25-pin connector. Use female test lead, Part Number 3823994, on the 3-pin connector. Use male test lead, Part Number 3822995, on the 2-pin power connector.

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3-Pin Data link Cable, Part Number 3165141

Mida la resistencia de las clavijas de A, B y C en el conector de 3-pin a la ubicacin correspondiente en el conector de 25 pines, como se muestra. Mida la resistencia de los pines D y E en el conector de alimentacin de 2 pines a la ubicacin correspondiente en el conector de 5 pines como se muestra. El multmetro debe mostrar un circuito cerrado (10 ohmios o menos). Si un circuito no est cerrado, sustituya el cable de enlace de datos.

CAUTION
To avoid the possibility of damage to connector pins, use two male test leads, Part Number 3823993, on each 3-pin connector.

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Mini Backbone Cable, Part Number 3163096

Medir la resistencia de clavija A en un extremo del cable principal a la clavija A en el extremo opuesto del cable principal. Repetir para los pines B y C. El multmetro debe mostrar un circuito cerrado (10 ohmios o menos). Si un circuito no est cerrado, sustituya el cable principal. Medir la resistencia entre los pines A y B en cada extremo del cable para medir la resistencia de terminacin. El valor de la resistencia de terminacin debe medir entre 50 a 70 ohms.

CAUTION
To avoid the possibility of damage to connector pins, use two female test leads, Part Number 3823994, on each 3-pin connector.

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Gender Changer Cable, Part Number 3163597

Mida la resistencia de clavija A en un extremo del cable de cambiador de gnero a la clavija A en el extremo opuesto del cable de cambiador de gnero. Repetir para los pines B y C. El multmetro debe mostrar un circuito cerrado (10 ohmios o menos). Si un circuito no est cerrado, sustituya el cable del cambiador de gnero.