Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 17

# Conversion from Gallons to Pounds of Common Solvents

To convert the gallons of a particular chemical to pounds, input the number of gallons used into Column B beside the chemical of interest. This will automatically generate the equivalent number of pounds for that chemical in Column E. An example is provided in Row 5. For this example, we are assuming that 24 gallons of this chemical were detected in a waste stream and this particular chemical has a theoretical density of 900 kg/cubic meter. To convert the density from kg/cubic meter to lbs/kg the following calculation is used: (900 kg/cubic meter x 2.2 lbs/kg)/264.2 gallons/cubic meter. This new density in lbs/gallon, located in Column D, is then multiplied by the number of gallons input into Column B to arrive at the total number of pounds, found in Column E, for this chemical. (a) Source 1 (b) Source 2 (c) Source 3 Density (kg/m3) 24 900 1564 1454 1033.6 964.6 1049 790 784.6 782 873.8 1106 1489 1465 779 745 1326 714 942 1100 789 901 713 1253 1025 1221 869.1 679.5 654.8 802 692 785 853 791 805 888 801 Density (lbs/gallon) 7.49 13.02 12.11 8.61 8.03 8.74 6.58 6.53 6.51 7.28 9.21 12.40 12.20 6.49 6.20 11.04 5.95 7.84 9.16 6.57 7.50 5.94 10.43 8.54 10.17 7.24 5.66 5.45 6.68 5.76 6.54 7.10 6.59 6.70 7.39 6.67

## Source (See Reference and Justification tab)

Solvent Example 1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 1,4-Dioxane 2-Methoxyethanol Acetic Acid Acetone Acetone Acetonitrile Benzene Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chloroform Cyclohexane Cyclopentane Dichloromethane Diethyl ether Dimethyl Acetamide Dimethyl Sulfoxide Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Ether Ethylene Dichloride Formic acid 10%oncentration Formic acid 80%oncentration Glyme Heptane Hexane Isobutyl Alcohol Iso-Octane Isopropyl Alcohol Isopropyl Myristate Methanol Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl Isoamyl Ketone Methyl Isobutyl Ketone

Gallons - input

Pounds 179.86 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Methyl n-Propyl Ketone Methyl t-Butyl Ether Methylene chloride N,N-Dimethylformamide n-Butyl Alcohol n-Butyl Acetate n-Butyl Chloride N-Methylpyrrolidone o-Dichlorobenzene o-Xylene Pentane Petroleum Ether Propanol Propylene Carbonate Pyridine Pyridine Tetrahydrofuran Toluene Toluene Triethylamine Trifluoroacetic Acid Water - pure Water - sea Xylene

808 741 1326 949 810 880 886 1030 1306 880 626 640 804 1201 983.2 979 888 867 862 728 1489 1000 1022 880.2

6.73 6.17 11.04 7.90 6.74 7.33 7.38 8.58 10.88 7.33 5.21 5.33 6.69 10.00 8.19 8.15 7.39 7.22 7.18 6.06 12.40 8.33 8.51 7.33

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

## Conversion from Gallons to Pounds of Common Fuels and Oils

To convert the gallons of a particular chemical to pounds, input the number of gallons used into Column B beside the chemical of interest. This will automatically generate the equivalent number of pounds for that chemical in Column E. An example is provided in Row 5. For this example, we are assuming that 24 gallons of this chemical were detected in a waste stream and this particular chemical has a theoretical density of 900 kg/cubic meter. To convert the density from kg/cubic meter to lbs/gallon the following calculation is used: (900 kg/cubic meter x 2.2 lbs/kg)/264.2 gallons/cubic meter. This new density in lbs/gallon, located in Column D, is then multiplied by the number of gallons input into Column B to arrive at the total number of pounds, found in Column E, for this chemical. (a) Source 1 (b) Source 2 (c) Source 3 (d) Source 4 Gallons - input 24 Density (kg/m3) 900 785 910 745 599 956.1 149 216 924 437.5 926 862 847 825 790 915 973 873 885 890 890 711 737 930 820.1 929.1 800 881 860 711 737 583.07 494 920 980 Density (lbs/gallon) 7.49 6.54 7.58 6.20 4.99 7.96 1.24 1.80 7.69 3.64 7.71 7.18 7.05 6.87 6.58 7.62 8.10 7.27 7.37 7.41 7.41 5.92 6.14 7.74 6.83 7.74 6.66 7.34 7.16 5.92 6.14 4.86 4.11 7.66 8.16 Pounds 179.86 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

## Instructions and Calculation Description

Source (See Reference and Justification tab) Fuel or Oil Example Anthracite (i) Automobile oils (ii) Bituminous Coal (iii) Butane Castor oil Charcoal, hard wood Charcoal, soft wood Coconut oil Coke (iv) Cotton seed oil Crude oil, 32.6o API Crude oil, 35.6o API Crude oil, 40o API Crude oil, 48o API Crude oil, California Crude oil, Mexican Crude oil, Texas Diesel fuel oil 20 to 60 (v) Fuel oil Gas oils Gasoline, natural Gasoline, Vehicle Heavy fuel oil Kerosene Linseed oil Natural gas (vi) Oil, petroleum Olive oil (vii) Petrol, natural Petrol, Vehicle Propane Propane, R-290 Rape seed oil Rosin oil

Silicone oil Soya bean oil (viii) Sunflower oil Whale oil Wood (ix)

## 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Notes: (i) A range of 720-850 was provided for anthracite from the source used, therefore, a median value of 785 was used for the calculation of gallons to pounds. (ii) A range of 880-940 was provided for automobile oils, therefore, a median density of 910 was used for the calculation. (iii) A range of 690-800 was provided for bituminous coal, therefore, a median density of 745 was used for the calculation. (iv) A range of 375-500 was provided, therefore, a median density of 437.5 was used for the calculation. (v) A range of 820-950 was provided for diesel fuel oil 20 to 60, therefore, a median density of 885 was used for the calculation. (vi) A range of 700-900 was provided for natural gas, therefore, a median density of 800 was used for the calculation. (vii) A range of 800920 was provided for olive oil, therefore, a median density of 860 was used for the calculation. (viii) A range of 924-928 was provided for soya bean oil, therefore, a median density of 926 was used for the calculation. (ix) A range of 360-385 was provided for wood, therefore, a median density of 372.5 was used for the calculation.

## Conversion from Gallons to Pounds of Common Refrigerants

To convert the gallons of a particular chemical to pounds, input the number of gallons used into Column B beside the chemical of interest. This will automatically generate the equivalent number of pounds for that chemical in Column E. An example is provided in Row 5. For this example, we are assuming that 24 gallons of this chemical were detected in a waste stream and this particular chemical has a theoretical density of 900 kg/cubic meter. To convert the density from kg/cubic meter to lbs/kg the following calculation is used: (900 kg/cubic meter x 2.2 lbs/kg)/264.2 gallons/cubic meter. This new density in lbs/gallon, located in Column D, is then multiplied by the number of gallons input into Column B to arrive at the total number of pounds, found in Column E, for this chemical. (a) Source 3 (b) Source 5 (c) Source 6 (d) Source 7 (e) Source 8 (f) Source 9 Gallons - input 24 Density (kg/m3) 900 1311 1194 1490 1370 1476 1310.95 1490 1370 1162.8 960 571 512 912 565.23 1603 1608 1880 Density (lbs/gallon) 7.49 10.92 9.94 12.41 11.41 12.29 10.92 12.41 11.41 9.68 7.99 4.75 4.26 7.59 4.71 13.35 13.39 15.65 Pounds 179.86 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

## Instructions and Calculation Description

Source (See Reference and Justification tab) Refrigerant Example Fluorine refrigerant R-12 Fluorine refrigerant R-22 Freon - 11 Freon - 21 Freon (Fluorine) refrigerant R-11 Fluorine refrigerant R-12 Freon - 11 Freon - 21 HFC-23 HFC-32 HFC-125 HFC-134a HFC-143a HFC-152a HFC-236fa CF4 C2F6 SF6

## Conversion from Gallons to Pounds of Household Paint

To convert gallons of household paint to pounds, input the number of gallons of paint into Column B. This will automatically generate the equivalent number of pounds in Column E. An example is provided in Row 5. For this example, we are assuming that 24 gallons of paint were detected in a waste stream and paint has a density of 10 lbs/gallon. To convert the gallons to pounds, multiply the density by the number of gallons input into Column B to arrive at the total number of pounds, found in Column E. (a) Source 3 (b) Source 12 Density Density (kg/m3) (lbs/gallon) Gallons - input Pounds 24 N/A N/A 10.00 10.00 240.00 0.00

Instructions and Calculation Description Source (See Reference and Justification tab) Household Paint Example Household Paint

## Conversion from Gallons to Pounds of Common Automotive Paints

To convert gallons of automotive paint to pounds, input the number of gallons of paint into Column B. This will automatically generate the equivalent number of pounds in Column E. An example is provided in Row 5. For this example, we are assuming that 24 gallons of paint were detected in a waste stream and paint has a density of 9.20 lbs/gallon. To convert the gallons to pounds, multiply the density by the number of gallons input into Column B to arrive at the total number of pounds, found in Column E. (a) Source 3 (b) Source 10 Gallons - input 24 Density (kg/m3) N/A N/A Density (lbs/gallon) 9.20 9.20 Pounds 220.80 0.00

## Instructions and Calculation Description

Source (See Reference and Justification tab) Automotive Paint Example Automotive Paints

## Conversion from Gallons to Pounds of Metalworking fluids

The density of metalworking fluids is assumed to be equivalent to the density of water, or 8.33 lbs/gallon. To convert gallons of metalworking fluids to pounds, input the number of gallons into Column B. This will automatically generate the equivalent number of pounds in Column E. An example is provided in Row 5. For this example, we are assuming that 24 gallons of metalworking fluid were detected in a waste stream and it has the same density as water, or 8.33 lbs/gallon. To convert the gallons to pounds, multiply the gallons by the density to arrive at the total number of pounds, found in Column E. (a) Source 3 (b) Source 11 Gallons - input 24 Density (kg/m3) 900 1000 Density (lbs/gallon) 7.49 8.33 Pounds 179.86 0.00

## Instructions and Calculation Description

Source (See Reference and Justification tab) Metalworking fluid Example Metalworking fluids

## Conversion from Gallons to Pounds of Common Liquids

To convert the gallons of a particular chemical to pounds, input the number of gallons used into Column B beside the chemical of interest. This will automatically generate the equivalent number of pounds for that chemical in Column E. An example is provided in Row 5. For this example, we are assuming that 24 gallons of this chemical were detected in a waste stream and this particular chemical has a theoretical density of 900 kg/cubic meter. To convert the density from kg/cubic meter to lbs/gallon the following calculation is used: (900 kg/cubic meter x 2.2 lbs/kg)/264.2 gallons/cubic meter. This new density in lbs/gallon, located in Column D, is then multiplied by the number of gallons input into Column B to arrive at the total number of pounds, found in Column E, for this chemical. (a) Source 1 (b) Source 2 (c) Source 3 Density (kg/m3) 24 900 823.5 1019 1230 1230 3120 959 921 956 1261 1584 857 1560 1660 1067 1024 860 726.3 1120 754.6 570 713.5 681 1097 812 1416 1155 1395 1259 1126 811 671 795 4927 932 897 Density (lbs/gallon) 7.49 6.86 8.49 10.24 10.24 25.98 7.99 7.67 7.96 10.50 13.19 7.14 12.99 13.82 8.88 8.53 7.16 6.05 9.33 6.28 4.75 5.94 5.67 9.13 6.76 11.79 9.62 11.62 10.48 9.38 6.75 5.59 6.62 41.03 7.76 7.47

## Source (See Reference and Justification tab)

Common Liquids Example Ammonia (aqua) Aniline Benzil Brine Bromine Butyric Acid Caproic acid Carbolic acid Carbon disulfide Carbon tetrachloride Carene Chloride Citric acid Creosote Cresol Cumene Decane Diethylene glycol Dodecane Ethane Ether Ethylamine Ethylene glycol Formaldehyde Furan Furforol Glucose (i) Glycerine Glycerol Hexanol Hexene Hydrazine Iodine Ionene Linolenic Acid

Gallons - input

Pounds 179.86 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Methane Mercury Naphtha Naphtha, wood Napthalene n-Butyl Chloride Ocimene Octane Octane Oxygen (liquid) Palmitic Acid Phenol Phosgene Phytadiene Pinene Propylene Propylene glycol Pyrrole Resorcinol Sabiname Silane Sodium Hydroxide (caustic soda) Sorbaldehyde Stearic Acid Styrene Sugar solution 68 brix Sulphuric Acid 95%onc. Terpinene Turpentine Chloroform

465 13593 665 960 820 886.2 798 698.6 917.86 1140 851 1072 1378 823 857 514.4 965.3 966 1269 812.14 718 1250 895 891 903 1338 1839 847 868.2 1522

3.87 113.19 5.54 7.99 6.83 7.38 6.64 5.82 7.64 9.49 7.09 8.93 11.47 6.85 7.14 4.28 8.04 8.04 10.57 6.76 5.98 10.41 7.45 7.42 7.52 11.14 15.31 7.05 7.23 12.67

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Notes: (i) A range of 1350-1440 was provided for glucose from the source used, therefore, a median density of 1395 is used in the calculation of gallons to pounds.

gas

solid

gas

crystalline

## Conversion from Gallons to Pounds of Common Materials

To convert the gallons of a particular chemical to pounds, input the number of gallons used into Column B beside the chemical of interest. This will automatically generate the equivalent number of pounds for that chemical in Column E. An example is provided in Row 5. For this example, we are assuming that 24 gallons of this chemical were detected in a waste stream and this particular chemical has a theoretical density of 900 kg/cubic meter. To convert the density from kg/cubic meter to lbs/gallon the following calculation is used: (900 kg/cubic meter x 2.2 lbs/kg)/264.2 gallons/cubic meter. This new density in lbs/gallon, located in Column D, is then multiplied by the number of gallons input into Column B to arrive at the total number of pounds, found in Column E, for this chemical. (a) Source 3 (b) Source 4 Gallons - input 24 Density (kg/m3) 900 849 1201 1201 400 1290 481 1506 785 1153 2002 1080 432 961 1153 Density (lbs/gallon) 7.49 7.07 10.00 10.00 3.33 10.74 4.01 12.54 6.54 9.60 16.67 8.99 3.60 8.00 9.60 Pounds 179.86 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0 0 0

Instructions and Calculation Description Source (See Reference and Justification tab) Common Materials Example Borax, fine Chromic acid, flake Hydrochloric acid 40% Iron oxide pigment Iron sulfate - pickling tank - wet Lime, hydrated Nitric acid, 91% Oil cake Pitch Potassium chloride Soda Ash, heavy Soda Ash, light Sulfur, pulverized Tar

detergents, cosmetics, enamel glaze, buffer solutions, fire retardant, insecticide typically hexavalent chromium

treatment of metallic surfaces to remove impurities, etc. filler, dentistry, hair relaxer, reagent, sewage treatment, whitewash mortar, plaster oxidizer, rocket propellant, anti-corrosive agent from plant oil (soybeans, peanuts, cottonseed, etc) some forms may be toxic and some are used as fertilizers fertilizer, table salt substitute food additive, anti-caking agent, anti-mold, toothpastes, silver cleaner food additive, anti-caking agent, anti-mold, toothpastes, silver cleaner

References & Justification Source # Reference The Engineering ToolBox, "Liquids-Densities" Copyright 2005. 1 SImetric, "Specific Gravity of Liquids" Walker and Gibson Publishing Limited. 2 The Engineering ToolBox, "Unit Converter with the Most Common Units" Copyright 2005. 3 SIMetric, "Density of Materials." Walker and Gibson Publishing Limited. 4 Ningbo Koman's Refrigeration Industry Co, Ltd, 5 "Refrigerant Products." Air Liquide, "Gas Encyclopedia." Copyright 2009. 6 Genetron Refrigerants, "Pressure-Temperature Chart." Honeywell-Genetron Refrigerants, 7 Morristown, NJ. DuPont Fluorochemicals, "Thermodynamic 8 Properties of HFC-236fa." Copyright 2004. Alibaba.com, "Refrigerant R32 Difluoromethane." 9 Copyright 1999-2009. - Draft Report: 2002 Survey of Automotive Refinish Coatings, California Air Resources Board, March 2005 - OECD Environmental Health and Safety Publications: Emission Scenario Document on Coating Application via Spray Painting in the Automotive Refinishing Industry, Draft Final, October 2008. - DfE Emission Reduction calculator for the Autorefinish project. 10 - A sampling of MSDSs OECD Environmental Health and Safety Publications: Emission Scenario Document on the Use of Metalworking Fluids, Revised Draft, July 2008. 11 MSDS sheets and Paints and Coatings Resource Center, Ask the Expert

12

Website http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/liquids-densities-d_743.html

Last Updated

http://www.simetric.co.uk/si_liquids.htm

September, 2007

## Source provided by EPA

http://www.paintcenter.org/rj/sep06d.cfm

Justification A list of common liquids and their densities were obtained from this website and incorporated into our list of chemicals. A list of common liquids and their densities were obtained from this source and incorporated into the liquids and solvents lists. The factors for converting kg/cubic meter to lbs/gallon were found on this website and used for our calculations. A list of common materials and their densities were obtained from this source and incorporated into the materials list. The densities of HFC-134a and 152a were obtained from this source. The densities for C2F6, HFC-32, HFC-125, Cf4, and SF6 were obtained from this source. The density for HFC-23 was obtained from this source. The density for HFC-236fa was obtained from this source, converted from 35.29 lbs/ft3 The density for HFC-32 was obtained from this source The four values were as follows: - CARB Value: 9.26 lbs/gal - OECD Value: 9.13 lbs/gal - DfE Value: 9.4 lbs/gal - MSDS Value: 9.04 lbs/gal

## Assumed to be equivalent to the density of water

An average of seven different types of interior and exterior paint products was taken from MSDS sheets. This average (10.06 lbs/gal) matched the number offered by the Paints and Coatings Resource Center (10 lbs/gal).