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40 52

Heres The Scoop BY MAX F. JOSEPH


Training You Can Bet Your Life On BY TIGER McKEE





H-S Precisions Pro-Series 2000 HTR



Training On The Cutting Edge BY ERICK GELHAUS



60 66



ON THE COVER: Gunsite Instructor and Downey, California cop Tim Lau takes aim with one of Hilton Yams pistols.



The Perfect Bug-Out Weapon? BY DENNY HANSEN


The Fine Art Of Debriefing BY BRENT T. WHEAT


Crazy Gun Laws: The Laughable Menace BY RICHARD W. STEVENS




70 76 80 84


Nostalgia and Refinishing An AR-15 BY MIKE DETTY



Letters From Our Readers

High Risk Environment Dignitary Protection Course BY DAVID L. CRINKLAW

Remingtons 7600P Patrol Rifle BY LEROY THOMPSON


Blackhawk Carbon Fiber CQC Gear BY FLINT HANSEN

Reconditioning Drills To Avoid Involuntary Discharges BY PHIL MESSINA




4th Gen Lasergrips For 1911s BY EUGENE NIELSEN



Foster 1911 Folder BY DENNY HANSEN

S.W.A.T. (ISSN# 1062-2365) Volume 23, Number 9, December 2004. Published monthly, except February, July and November by Group One Enterprises, Inc. 5011 North Ocean Blvd., Suite 5, Ocean Ridge, FL 33435. Copyright 2004 by Group One Enterprises, Inc. All rights reserved. Nothing herein may be reproduced in whole or in part without written permission of the publisher. Return postage must accompany all manuscripts, drawings, photographs, etc., if they are to be returned, and Group One Enterprises, Inc. assumes no responsibility for unsolicited material. All letters sent to S.W.A.T. will be treated as unconditionally assigned for publication and copyright purposes and are subject to S.W.A.T.s right to edit and comment editorially. SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION: For subscription customer service, call (800) 673-4595. A one-year subscription is $26.95 (9 issues). Foreign subscriptions add $15.00 U.S. funds. Back issues are $8 each, postage and taxes included. (California and Ohio add applicable sales tax.) These prices represent S.W.A.T.s standard subscription rate and should not be confused with special subscription offers sometimes advertised. Change of address: Allow six weeks advance notice and send in both your old and new addresses. ATTN POSTMASTER: Send change of address to: S.W.A.T. Magazine, PO Box 16207, North Hollywood, CA 91615. Periodicals postage is paid at Boynton Beach, FL and additional mailing offices. S.W.A.T. is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office by Group One Enterprises, Inc. Printed in the USA.


New Products And Accessories

S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 5




PUBLISHER Richard J. Lucibella EDITOR Denny Hansen PRODUCTION DIRECTOR Kathleen Allard ART DIRECTOR Betty Wendt COPY EDITOR Dennis Bateman TACTICAL CONSULTANT Louis Awerbuck LAW ENFORCEMENT CONSULTANT Brent Wheat TRAINING CONSULTANT Rob Pincus CONTRIBUTING STAFF R.K. Campbell , Ashley C. Emerson David Fortier, Jeff Gonzales Flint Hansen, Steve Malloy Tiger McKee, Eitan Meyr Eugene Nielsen, Scott Reitz Patrick A. Rogers, Clint Smith, Richard W. Stevens, Leroy Thompson CIRCULATION DIRECTOR Richard Convertito FINANCE DIRECTOR Joel Marcus, CPA WEBSITE TECHNOLOGY Justin Guyett ADVERTISING SALES phone: 800-665-SWAT email: advertise@swatmag.com SUBSCRIPTIONS INFORMATION J. Masloe Freen 800-673-4595

his issue is scheduled to hit the newsstands two days before we elect the next President of the United States. I fervently hope all readers of S.W.A.T. do their duty. If you dont, and things do not turn out as you would have hoped, please keep it to yourself. If you do not exercise the right to vote, you certainly have no right to whine.


ince Rich Lucibella purchased S.W.A.T. in 2001, we have raised the bar on the competition time and again. First, we added color on every page. Next, we increased the size of the magazine by twentyfive percent. Finally, glancing at the magazines masthead to the left of this column, you will see that our S.W.A.T. Team includes some of the most respected trainers and writers in the business. Beginning with this issue, we have something really special in store. A new column, Frontline Debriefs, makes it debut here. Written by nationally known firearms trainer Scott Reitz, the column will focus on what works on the street (and what doesnt) based on his experienceand that experience is vast. Scott is a twenty-eight year veteran of the Los Angeles Police Department, with twenty-three years in the elite Metropolitan Division, which includes D platoon (known as SWAT). During the last fifteen years Scott has conducted training for private citizens, police officers, the Department of Energy, USMC Recon, the State Department, Naval Special Warfare Groups and more. Scott is a welcome addition to the S.W.A.T. Team. To make room for Frontline Debriefs, we obviously had to make some changes to avoid cutting feature articles. One change included removing The Skunk Works from our lineup of columns. However, Eugene Nielsen, the author of Skunk Works, will be staying on board and contributing both short and full-length feature articles. *** The entire staff of S.W.A.T. Magazine would like to take this opportunity to wish all our readers a Happy Holiday Season, with our hope that the coming year will be safe and prosperous. Until next time, stay low and watch your back.

For editorial submissions, press releases or questions, contact the editor at: 3025 N. Valley View Dr., Prescott Valley, AZ 86314 or by email at: editor@swatmag.com


Certain products represented in this magazine may be subject to prohibitions, restrictions or special licensing for sale, possession or interstate transport. If this annoys you, Get Involved...support the Bill of Rights...all of them! In the meantime, check with local and federal authorities regarding legality of purchase, possession and transport. The information described and portrayed in this magazine is based upon personal experience of the author, under specific conditions and circumstances. Due to time and space constraints, the entire authors experience may not be reported or otherwise verified. Nothing in these pages should be construed to substitute for a manufacturers manual or for professional firearms training. This magazine, its officers, agents and employees accept no responsibility for any liability, injuries or damages arising from any persons attempt to rely upon the information contained herein. Responsible shooters always seek formal training.



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birthday gift my wife ever gave me! Kudos to Chief McMillan for his quality control and attention to detailas well as keeping the work in the USA. (Disclaimer: remarks do not reect ofcial policy) W. Anderson, email First, thank you for your service. We will never be able to repay you and your fellow warriors for what you have done for us. Were happy to hear that the gear featured in S.W.A.T. is saving the lives of our brave men in uniform. they could have planted bombs every place on Parliament Hill). Keep up the right to bear arms. Y. Pemptos, Canada Thanks for the feedback on the September issue. S.W.A.T. will continue to bring our readers the most factual, up-to-date information as is humanly possible.

Dear S.W.A.T., Thanks for the article on CSM Gear. I used their tourniquet on a team member during an ambush in Iraq and it denitely saved his life. I also carried their pro-mask bag, which was perforated by a round but held together. The singlepoint sling was a huge help in situations where I had to use both hands but didnt want to take off the carbine. I ordered twelve tan thigh drop holsters and sold them at cost, in-country, to the other troops. They worked perfectly, even when riding inverted on the thigh (due to the foot being high on the side of the HMMWV, supporting a carbine pointing outward). Aside from the tourniquet, though, the best item was the hydration pack, which is insulated. Late in the deployment I had access to a freezer. A frozen 1-1/2 liter bottle of water ts perfectly in the pack and stays frozen in 120-degree heat for six hours. The smaller pouches on the pack carried an MRE and extra magazines, and I put odds and ends in the smaller pouch. This was the best


Dear S.W.A.T., I won the August 2003 sweepstakes for the Blackwater training course with ammunition supplied from Black Hills Ammunition and gear from BlackHawk and just wanted to write and let you know how great it was. I attended the ve-day Pistol/Carbine course April 59, 2004. Everybody at Blackwater was great. They went out of their way to make the experience a fantastic one both in training and in after-class accommodations. It was like being at a tactical Bed and Breakfast. The instructors were really down to earth and knew their craft and were easily able to pass on that informa-


Dear S.W.A.T., I would like to thank you for taking the time to go behind the scenes in Greece at security/anti-terrorist efforts. I am sick and tired of everybody painting Greece as a backwards third world country and a haven for terrorists. Nobody says anything about serious security problems (such as writers from a left wing political satire magazine FRANK in Canada where these two editors managed to enter the ofce of the Canadian Prime minister. If they were terrorists


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tion to the students. The students were also great, all with an interesting array of backgrounds. Some contractors, SWAT guys from several agencies, FBI, military, real estate and even a journalist. The Black Hills ammunition worked awlessly as well. Their staff made getting the ammunition I needed for the class easy. I highly recommend them. The BlackHawk products I won and used never let me down and are guaranteed for lifeall agreed at the class that they are top of the line. Well, in closing I would like to say I had a great time with great gear. I learned a lot of new things as well as sharpened up on older rusty skills. Blackwater is the best and I am denitely going back soon. Thank you, S.W.A.T., for giving me the gear and the opportunity to attend this training and make some new friends. Dr. Thomas H. Stillwell Congratulations on winning the Sweepstakes. It sounds like you had a very enjoyable learning experience.


Dear S.W.A.T., I wanted to say that I enjoyed the Quick Peek article in the August issue. I do have a question though. What is the long gun shown in the article? It appears to be a bullpup AR-15. I really dont know what it is. Any information would be appreciated. Have a great day

and I look forward to the next issue. G. Miller, email The carbine used in that article was a prop (for obvious safety reasons). It was made by Crye Associates as a futuristic looking weapon for the Future Force Warrior program and to highlight their MultiCam which was then in contention for the Armys new uniform.





The slide action can be operated quite quickly for repeat shots.


tion for each round fired, and which employs a relatively low capacity magazine. One such carbine would be the Remington 7600P (P for Police). Based on the ever-popular Remington 7600 slide-action rifle, the 7600P has features designed for law enforcement. The standard 7600 in .308 has a twenty-two barrel but, if my measurement is correct, the 7600P has a barrel 16.75 inches long. Overall length is 37.5 inches and weight is 7.3 pounds. Its really a very handy weapon. The 7600P employs a ghost ring rear with a front post with white insert. Although not as precise as conventional rifle sights, it is the same, familiar type of sight used on many Remington 870 shotguns. The stock and forearm are black polymer, and the barrel and receiver are blackened. The stock is fitted with a thick recoil pad. The slide release is similar to that on 870 shotguns, and the magazine release is located behind the magazine on the opposite side from the slide release. It doesnt really lend itself to fast magazine changes, but this isnt a military battle rifle. As supplied from Remington, the 7600P comes with a four-round magazine and is chambered for the .308 Winchester cartridge. www.swatmag.com

recent trend has been to arm law enforcement agencies with some type of patrol carbine in addition to, or instead of, the shotgun. For example, one local department recently armed their officers with AR-15s and another department is considering pistol caliber carbines such as the Beretta Storm. The arguments for a patrol carbine are fairly standard: greater range, stopping power, and accuracy at ranges past ten to fifteen yards, plus greater confidence for officers and greater intimidation effect on criminals. However, a substantial number of younger law enforcement officers have little firearms background, so trainers must consider disadvantages which may arise when personnel are trained on multiple weapon systems. When an agency issues both a pistol and a shotgun, recruits must be trained in two systemsusually a self-loading pistol (DA only with many agencies) and a slide-action shotgun. Mossberg, in fact, offers a DA-only slide-action shotgun for those agencies which use a DA-only pistol. Adding a patrol carbine creates an additional training challenge for the agency, the trainers, and the recruits. Personally, I dont necessarily think current police recruits, who tend

to be better educated than ever before, are incapable of learning three weapons systems; but many people entering law enforcement are not weapons oriented and view them only as a necessary part of the job. Also, I believe a substantial number of U.S. law enforcement agencies think its probably a good idea to have officers who are not exceptionally familiar with firearms and do not want to know much more than they are taught in the academy or quarterly qualification. The theory in many agencies is that giving officers a semi-auto handgun, a slide-action shotgun, and a self-loading carbine creates a confusion factor which may cause the officer to have problems under stress. Most of us familiar with police firearms incidents know that it is relatively common to have two or more officers empty large capacity magazines from their duty pistols at suspects, often at very close range, with few hits on the criminals. Therefore, trainers and police administrators must consider the damage that a thirty-round magazine of .223 rounds might cause in an urban area. One solution is to issue a patrol carbine that functions much like the issue shotgun, thus requiring a manual opera-



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Although .308 is standard for most police tactical marksmen, .223 is a much more common choice for police patrol riflesand Remington will soon have a new .223 patrol rifle on the market. However, I see more positive aspects of the .308 chambering than negative. A patrol rifle may well be employed against suspects in vehicles or behind cover, and the heavier .308 round will penetrate better and provide greater stopping power. It also has greater range if employed in the counter-sniper role, but more about that mission later. On the downside, the .308 will recoil more, but with the thick recoil pad probably less than the 870 shotgun. The greater range and penetration of the .308 makes it more dangerous in an urban area if missed shots are thrown downrange; but the four-round magazine and proper training should counter any spray and pray mentality. The 7600P comes with posts for mounting sling swivels, a feature I consider useful on a patrol carbine. The ability to mount a sling allows an officer to carry the carbine slung when he needs his hands freea feature which might keep it from being left in the patrol car. On the other hand, with the sling mounted it would be difficult to mount the rifle in most racks. The 7600P is drilled and tapped for scope mounts. The ghost ring rear sight is fast but not adequately precise for a counter-sniper role for which a good scope is still best. One simple solution would be for Remington to offer an Lflip sight which retained the ghost ring for normal usage but offered a more precise peep sight for longer range. Firing prone, head shots were reliable out to fifty yards. However, at 100 yards, the groups opened up to eight to nine inches. All the hits with a .308 round would have probably disabled a shooter, but at the same range with a .308 tactical rifle the group would have been an inch or less. Although a good optical sight would help ensure tighter groups, a scope would make the 7600P more difficult to carry in a patrol car and would offer the possibility of the scope being knocked around. When firing at multiple targets at twenty-five yards, I found the slideaction worked quickly and smoothly. I do a lot of shooting with the 870 and thus found the 7600P familiar to operate quickly, which is, of course, one of its main advantages for law enforcement personnel who use the 870. Overall, I like the 7600P and believe that the compatibility with the Remington 870 in a weapons system is a positive feature. The .308 chambering makes it a more formidable anti-personnel and anti-vehicular weapon than a .223, while the small magazine capacity lowers the possibility of spraying a lot of rounds down range. The ghost ring sight is fast and familiar if one uses a shotgun with the same sight, but is not really good for precise shooting past 100 yards. Certainly, the 7600P is worthy of consideration by an agency wanting a powerful patrol rifle which is not semi-auto and which does not have a large magazine capacity. The fact that the 7600 is such a widely used hunting rifle in many parts of the country might also make it a bit softer than a military rifle such as the AR15/M16.


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hile driving around and trying to decide upon another cockamamie topic for this months column, I was interrupted by a radio call of an upset man waving a gun inside a public building. Unfortunately, I was nearby and didnt have the good sense to slow down or drive one more time around the block. As I pulled into the parking lot within a minute of the initial call, my radio barked with the excited voice of a dispatcher advising that the man was walking outside. As my friend Louis Awerbuck often says laconically, Oh Goodie! Parking alongside the building, I ran toward the front entrance. Seeing my suspect, I simultaneously tried to challenge him and seek cover under some low groundcover next to the nicely landscaped building. I also noticed a large group of elderly people, war veterans, clergy, pregnant women, toddlers, infant strollers and baby harp seals surrounding the front door to serve as a backstop in case I was forced to re on the suspect. FunnyI didnt see the president of the ACLU there alongside me to offer advice on whether to shoot or not, but back to the action. Hopefully youve read enough of my columns to already guess that there were no heroics involved. The man was distressed, but not suicidal and was therefore captured without gunplay, then disarmed and handcuffed. We were even reasonably civil about it. I apologize if you were expecting a hairy-chested account of major gunplay, but there is a point to this somewhat anti-climactic sea story. Once things were nished and our suspect was safely en route to visit with the talking doctors, I met with my shift partners. I felt that I had made a few tactical mistakes in my approach, but after discussing things we ultimately decided that things had gone reasonably well. We then went on with our lives, waiting for the next crisis of the moment. Later, I realized that I had instinctively done something that I consider vital to anyone who might be called upon to

face a future crisis situationdebrief. Dont get confused and think I am talking about those debriefs where everyone sits around and talks about their feelings. While I think that emotional support after a major traumatic incident is important, I am talking about another kind of debrief. I am talking about sitting down with yourself or those who had also owned a piece of the problem to discuss what went right and, more importantly, what went wrong. The ability to critically analyze and dissect your performance should be considered a prerequisite to graduate from the school of tactical thinking. While this seems such an elementary procedure, there are far too many people with thin skin and ego who cannot take those lessons to heart. With each passing day I more fully learn the wisdom behind the old chestnut that says The hardest lessons are the best learned. Therein lies the most important point when analyzing past performancetell the truth to yourself, even though it hurts. It has been stated previously in this corner that my personal test for instructors is to see if they are capable of talking about the times they have made major mistakes. If someone can honestly see where they came up short in an urgent situation, they are truly on the path to enlightenment. Not being honest with yourself about your tactical performance is perhaps one of the most self-destructive things you can do short of snorting heroin mixed with jet fuel. Stop right now and get it out in the open. Think about those times you have been tested by circumstance. You certainly did things right or you wouldnt be reading this outstanding magazine. However, there were undoubtedly things that would have made the outcome even betteror at least made the incident ow more smoothly and safely for you. Debrieng should be a continuous part of the tactical process rather than an oft-forgotten step in a owchart after a major incident. Regardless if you are a police ofcer, member of the military or

Joe Citizen living his day-to-day life in the mean streets of 21st century America, you should constantly be scrutinizing, evaluating and understanding your own responses to tactical problems. Without knowing how you have responded in the past, there is no way that learning can occur. Learning is based upon previous experience and for you to ignore the valuable lessons taught by the school of life would be a grave injustice to yourself and those who depend upon your skills for their safety. It should be standard procedure for you to take a few moments after all the hoopla has died to consider the larger picture and your performance within. This is not just for major incidents that involve gunplay and hostage negotiators. Suppose you found the garage door ajar upon returning home and decided to check the house before allowing your family inside. After the house is secure and the groceries are put away, stop to critique your response and decision-making. Tomorrow, your life could depend upon the lessons learned today. A group debrief is very useful if communication can be maintained. Sharing opinions and a laugh with those present can provide greater insight that leads to better performance. The potential downfall is that a majority of other people are not so fond of hearing about their own mistakes. If this is the case in your situation, gently point out major errors in the overall response and hope the person in question gets the hint, regardless if they publicly fess up or not. Regardless of how your friends and co-workers reexamine their own performance, never be satised to close the books on any incident without a personal review. While schooling and training are vitally important, you will never have the nal exam until those skills are tested in the real world. Realizing and correcting any personal shortfalls that are apparent after todays event is one of the most important steps you can take to ensure that you will succeed in whatever happens tomorrow. www.swatmag.com




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Carry as much gun as you can.

hen all you have is a hammer, everything begins to look like a nail. And if all you have is a pistol, you are severely limited in how you can defend yourself and how effective (as well as how long) you may be in the fight. We acknowledge that a proper mind-set is numero uno in terms of emerging victorious from a violent interpersonal encounter. Certainly being properly armed is vital, but the defensive handgun is only one piece of proper preparationthere are other components that should be integrated. The subject of this article is proper preparation of our total defensive package. We dont want to carry so much equipment that we need an insulated winter coat to conceal it all. But can we carry

too little? The answer is unequivocally yes! Tucking your pistol in your pocket or in your belt a la Mexican carry may arm you, but it does not properly prepare you. Fortunately, the quality of equipment now available to comfortably carry concealed has improved tremendously. Excuses that Ive heard about not going armed include: Its too hot to wear a gun, Im not going anywhere dangerous, and I dont think Ill need to carry where Im going. Now if you only carry when you think youll get in a shooting, dont go out that dayor join the sideshow and tell the future! All of these comments, aside from being stupid, are illogical in light of the fact that there is a plethora of carry rigs and pistols available to allow the www.swatmag.com




plainclothes officer or citizen to carry 100% of the time. Ive carried under a T-shirt in 100-degree heat with 90 percent humidity, sitting in a car with the windows closed and no A.C., while working surveillance on a target fifty feet away. (Oh, that detective work! Aint it sexy?) Ive carried in fanny packs (more accurately called pelvic packs), strong side hip holsters, ankle rigs and shoulder rigs. Ive carried full-size, midsize and compact pistols. Ive also seen terrible failures occur both on the range and on the street with concealed carry equipment. How about running up to a dope house with a detective right behind me, and his pistol goes skidding past me on the sidewalk after it fell out of his holster? Based on these experiences and many more, I have formulated some rules for concealed carry. belt that will break apart under pressure? The holster must be secured to the belt. Paddle holsters are in vogue right nowquite honestly its because the paddle holster facilitates taking your gun off and on. With that said, on a recent day at the range four detectives succeeded in drawing both the pistol and holster. This can be embarrassing on the range, but deadly on the street. Four different shooters, three different holster types. Two were less expensive holsters, but one was a $75.00 leather rig. All had the same outcome. In my opinion, based on street experience and a lot of money spent on leather and Kydex rigs, the most secure holsters are threaded onto the belt via slots and require the belt to be removed to take off. At the very least select a holster that has straps that snap around your belt.

top: The author in summer casual attire, the Tshirt conceals a Glock 19 and spare magazine. middle: A quality holster should be firmly affixed to a quality belt. In this case a Galco thumb break holster is attached to an Uncle Mikes Mirage trouser belt. Belt slots secure the holster to the belt and the thumb break increases pistol retention in case of arduous movements or attempted takeaways. bottom: Spare ammunition is a must for the serious self-defense practitionera magazine on the belt is more accessible than a magazine in a pocket. Its better to have it and not need it than be in dire straights and run out of ammo.

First of all, I subscribe to the carry as much gun as you can school. Yes, body type has something to do with this, but Ive seen small stature males and females carry full-sized pistols completely concealed and large persons who insist on carrying pocket pistols. The concept that a smaller individual can only carry a mid to small-frame pistol can be overrated. Considering that a pistol is a last ditch emergency weapon (or as Clint Smith says, you use your pistol to fight your way to your rifle), you are going to need this armament in dire situations. Since pistols have marginal stopping power anyway, carry the biggest that you can get away with. Pocket pistols are good for close up work and are better than throwing rocks, but are invariably harder to hit with accurately due to a shorter sight radius. They also carry less ammo than a full or mid-size handgun.


The holster must have some type of retention device. Fortunately holster companies have understood this and have made great strides to develop security rigs for concealed carry. At the very least you want some type of tensioning screw, but thumb breaks and other designs give additional safety. Individuals carrying concealed are not immune from attempted gun snatches. Remember youll oftentimes be alone without backup. There is always a trade-off in terms of speed of draw versus retention. Amateurs call security holsters death traps, professionals call them lifesavers. Furthermore, professionals practice with the rig of choice to ensure a smooth and reliable presentation of the pistol. Always remember that most holsters have life spans, meaning they dont last forever. Inspect your gear on a regular basis. If the holster will not securely carry the weapon any longer, its time to get rid of it.


Your holster and belt work in tandem to position the gun for a proper draw and secure the weapon from takeaway. This combination of quality in both holster and belt is imperative. Why carry a $100.00 custom holster on a $20.00


Carry additional ammo. You cant predict what the circumstances of your shooting will be. The mere fact youre in a shooting is an anomaly. It could be close up and personal, and it could be at longer range. You could be facing multiple
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 19




suspects or just one homicidal maniac that wont stop despite center mass hits. Your shooting could be over in one shot or it could require several magazines to neutralize the threat. I remember during the video taped debrief of the infamous F.B.I. shootout with two armed bank robbers in Miami nearly 20 years ago, when an agent stated, carry as much ammo as you can. Carry your magazines on your belt, not in a pocket. I have seen numerous people fumble in the front or rear pants pockets trying to get a mag out while kneeling or sitting. Imagine trying to do this while prone on the ground behind low cover. There are some great combo rigs to carry a mag and small flashlight, etc. Without spare ammo your pistol is a temporary solution. After its been shot dry its only useful as a poor substitute for a good club. armed was detected. I dressed in clothing that fit in with the level of society in which I worked and properly concealed my hardware. From tank tops and shorts in the summer to coats in the winter you must properly conceal your armed status while at the same time being able to quickly address a threat. Regardless of whether you are a licensed citizen, or armed law enforcement officer, you must practice and train while wearing your daily attire. Whether using the Hackathorn rip from under a T-shirt or brushing back a jacket to draw your pistol, you must practice, train and qualify in that manner. The law of playing like you practice couldnt be truer. If in a sudden deadly assault you fumble with the clothing covering your firearm, it might cost you your life. Sweat equity is the cost of realistic training.

Wear appropriate attire and do your firearms training from concealment with that clothing. While working undercover as a street narcotics detective in all environments, I never had an occasion where my cover was blown or my being


Carry some sort of less lethal device such as expandable baton tucked in the front of the waistband or in the back pocket, O.C. spray in a jacket or vest pocketsomething that will give you an intermediate option. Without less


Keychain O.C. (pepper) spray is an easy way to carry an intermediate force option. In the authors agency, street results with O.C. average over 80% success rate. Even if you dont have time or the opportunity to use the spray you can testify you were prepared to use nondeadly force.




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The final rule. In order to prevail in a gunfight you must have a gun! Placing your gun outside your body, for example, in a glove box, briefcase, etc. is asinine. In a shooting you will not have time to reach to the glove box or on the seat next to you to open your briefcase. I know some detectives that place their pistols under their seats or under their thighs as they work. What happens if youre in an accident? Remember what happened in the Miami gunfight mentioned earlier. One agent lost his pistol after colliding with suspects Platt and Matix and was shot while unarmed. On December third of last year while at work in plainclothes, I left my office to walk downtown to get a bag of peanuts for lunch. One hundred feet from the front doors I encountered a masked robber with a small automatic in his hand. Fortunately I had the presence of mind to: a) have my head in the game and be paying attention, b) be armed with a suitable pistol and c) move quickly to cover to draw and take the suspect into custody. Several officers in plainclothes were in my training offices that day. Most were honest enough to say they hadnt brought a pistol to work that day. It should be noted that the suspect attempted to victimize me not as a law enforcement officer, but as a private citizen. Considering Im 62, 235 lbs., my gender or size wasnt enough to scare off this crack-smoking suspect (who was on probation for a previous robbery). Im glad that prudent preparation and proper tactical mindset prepared me to meet and defeat the threat that day. Regardless of whether youre a licensed citizen or law enforcement officer, there are bad guys prepared to kill you. Be prepared both mentally and physicallyand always securely carry the lifesaving tools you need to win the day!





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hen I think of BlackHawk, my first thoughts are of their nylon tactical gear and hydration systems. While I have one of BlackHawks assault vests and Im very happy with it, if I were to go in to McDonalds for lunch wearing it I would probably be getting some very strange looks. At the very least I would have lost the element BY FLINT HANSEN of surprise against a bad guy. Recently S.W.A.T. received some For those who have a pistol with a light practical, everyday type gear from rail, but choose not to carry the light mounted on the weapon, the Dual Rail BlackHawk for evaluation. The samAccessory Platform allows both a spare ples were from BlackHawks new CQC magazine and the light to be carried. The (Close Quarter Concealment) line that DRAP comes standard with the Insight uses strong, lightweight carbon-fiber Technology M-3 light carrier, which is designed to keep the switch in the off posi- material. A good concealed carry rig, in my tion. The M-3 carrier can be removed and opinion, does not start with the pistol replaced with any other CQC accessory.

or even the holsterit begins with the belt. It must be strong enough to not sag under the weight of the pistol, holster and any other incidentals that are worn on it. To meet this requirement, most intended for use with a pistol are verily wide and heavy. Ordinary dress belts, for the most part simply wont do. Part of the CQC line features the new Stealth pistol belt. Although it is only 1-1/4 inches wide and appears to be a dress belt, make no mistake that it is designed to hold the weight of a pistol without the sagging or roll out that slim belts usually have. The Stealth is made of a top quality micro fiber material and is available with either a carbon-fiber or lizard skin finish. It is a very nice looking belt. I would have no www.swatmag.com

trouble wearing this out for a business meeting or dinner with my wifeespecially since I would be wearing the matching carbon-fiber SERPA holster (I dont want trouble from the fashion police). The SERPA holster is another part to the new CQC line. The name SERPA comes from the last name of Michael Serpa, an attorney in California, who designed the unique locking feature found on the holster. Instead of a thumb break that goes over the top of the pistol, the SERPA locks up on the trigger guard. The release is a push-button operated mechanism on the body of the holster. This release, unlike a traditional thumb break, allows the shooter to obtain a full firing grip and release the lock even as the pistol is holstered while still keeping the trigger finger straight. It is both secure and fast to operate. The SERPA holster comes complete with a standard belt slot attachment and a paddle. Both are adjustable and can be worn as a straight drop, or canted forward or to the rear. This adjustment feature allows the SERPA holster to be worn strong side, small-of-back, or cross draw. A carbon-fiber appliqu on the front

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of the holster is aesthetically pleasing and adds the final touch to the holster. OK, were all ready for a night out, right? Not without a spare magazine and a tactical light. Other accessories in the CQC line include a carbon fiber magazine pouch and a flashlight carrier that will fit the SureFire 6P, 6R, Streamlight Scorpion and similar sized lights. Both accessories have carbon-fiber appliqus. Both of these accessories have a built-in tension spring to securely hold the magazine and the light. The belt clip is easy to put on or remove, but is as stable as a solid loop. The belt clips for the magazine pouch and light carrier are removable for use with BlackHawks Dual Rail Accessory Platform (DRAP). The DRAP has two universal rails mounted on a paddle-type carrier. For those who have a pistol with a light rail, but choose not to carry the light mounted on the weapon, the Dual Rail Accessory Platform allows both a spare magazine and the light to be carried. It comes standard with a carrier for the Insight Technology M-3 light carrier, which is designed to keep the switch in the off position. The M-3 carrier can be removed and replaced with any other CQC accessory, including the magazine pouch and

l i g h t carrier. Using one or two DRAPs, an individual can carry magazines, hand-held tactical lights and weapon lights in whatever configuration works best for the mission at hand. One other item from the CQC line I evaluated was a leather inside the waistband holster. This type of holster is my personal favorite for concealment purposes. These holsters are made in Tuscany, Italy, and leather appears to be of very high quality. The holster is secured to the belt with a snap. The male portion of the snap is secured to the holsters body with a screw that can be loosened, allowing the operator to set the cant angle to his personal preference. I feel a one-way snap would be a better choice to use than the standard snap the sample was equipped with. A tension screw on the back, allows you to determine how much retention you need. The SERPA and IWB holster tested were for a 1911pistol. SERPA holsters are available for Glock models 17, 19, 22, 23, 26, 27 and 32. They are also available for Beretta 92/96, SIG 228/229 Springfields XD and the H&K USP Compact. The IWB holster

The SERPA lock engages the pistols trigger guard. Unlike a thumb break, the shooter can obtain a full firing grip and release the lock while the pistol is holstered.


S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 27


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ave you heard about those crazy laws that supposedly were or are still on the books? Its illegal to fall asleep under a hair dryer in Florida. Mississippi law prohibits teaching people what polygamy is. Georgia law forbids carrying an ice cream cone in your back pocket on Sunday. Monkeys may not smoke cigarettes in Indiana. Gun owners have to deal with similarly bewildering and contradictory laws. Until recently, federal law prohibited common citizens from buying a semiautomatic rie if it has more than two military style features. In California, you may not possess any semi-auto weapon that appears on the statutory list. In Arizona you can carry an unregistered, unconcealed rearm in public, and you may transport it in your glove compartment. The same conduct in other states will get you arrested. Your valid concealed-carry permit in Pennsylvania is worthless across the line in New York. Possessing a shotgun is legal under federal law, but you face a federal felony charge if the barrel is a half-inch too short. Truly horrifying are the laws in New York and elsewhere that result in prosecutions of victims who shoot

armed attackers and home invaders in self-defense. Then there is the tragic joke about the woman who must endure a waiting period while her stalker gets his weapon immediately from a local criminal.


When arguing against more gun control laws, gun rights advocates sometimes point out how illogical and contradictory the existing laws are. Gun owner audiences laugh when they hear yet another nutty gun law joke. In public debate and in testimony before lawmaking committees, advocates and legislators may spotlight the crazy inconsistent gun laws as serious reasons to oppose new laws. Joking about and criticizing the crazy quilt of gun laws, as an argument against gun control, is a big mistake. The jokes and critiques actually end up working against gun rights. Consider these four reasons why. One: If you criticize a gun law for being inconsistent or contradictory, then you are conceding that gun laws in principle are acceptable. (If you complain about how poorly your horsemeat steak is cooked, then you are conceding that eating horse meat is ne when cooked

properly.) You have surrendered to the idea of victim disarmamentyoure just quibbling over the implementation. Two: If you argue that certain gun laws are poorly written or illogical, then the legislators will x them. The California ban on certain semiautomatic weapons covers only certain guns while excluding others that function the same way. Thats an inconsistency, sure, but do you want that gun law xed? California lawmakers wont x the law by repealing it. They will x it by illegalizing all semiautomatic weapons and thereby close the loopholes. We dont want the law xedwe want it repealed. Three: If you emphasize how gun restrictions vary widely among the States, and how they conict with federal gun laws, then you are inviting another legislative solution: national uniform gun laws. Congress can cure the problem of inconsistent gun laws by federalizing gun regulation. States can adopt a multi-state uniform gun law just as they have adopted uniform laws for wills and trusts, consumer protection and commercial transactions. Uniform national gun restrictions will not protect individual gun rights. New York and Massachusetts wont sign up www.swatmag.com




for Arizonas open-carry or Vermont-style concealed carry laws. Nationalized gun laws wont repeal Californias semi-auto ban, they will spread it to other States instead. Nationalized gun laws mean uniformly heavy restrictions on rearms ownership and possession. Four: If you devote precious time and resources to lampooning the crazy gun laws, then you are distracting the audience from the real reasons to repeal gun laws. The right to rearms ownership and possession comes from the fundamental right to self-defense. Any law that prohibits, delays or interferes with an innocent persons defending himself or herself with a rearm is a law that needs to be repealed outright. The Second Amendment says, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. The Second Amendment does not say that our rights shall not be infringed by poorly-written and inconsistent laws. Clear, concise laws can infringe our rights just as surely as the crazy laws do.


Arguments about the crazy gun laws do not inuence non-gun owners. Problems that hunters, gun collectors and sport shooters face do not interest people outside of those hobbies. The arrest and prosecution of a gun owner for some bureaucratic paperwork violation draws no attention from the folks doing crafts, sailing boats, riding snowboards or collecting stamps. To affect the hearts and minds of non-gun owners, we must deliver the messages that affect everyone. Gun control laws disarm only innocent citizens, not vicious aggressors. Unarmed individuals are vulnerable to robbery, car jacking, rape and murder. Unarmed populations are easy prey for tyrants, terrorists and foreign invaders. The right to rearms possession and ownership protects the life, liberty and property of men, women and children against predators of all kinds. Got crazy gun laws? Stop laughing, and start repealing. [Richard W. Stevens is author (with Aaron Zelman) of Death by Gun Control: The Human Cost of Victim Disarmament, which is available at www.jpfo.org.]

Silly and bizarre laws are collected at: www. dumblaws.com www.swatmag.com
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 31




ich Lucibella and Denny Hansen have graciously agreed to a S.W.A.T. column devoted to separating fact from ction, and myth from reality. In a very real sense this gives you, the reader, insight into whats working and what isnt what is most likely and least likely to help you in a gunght. As of November 2004, I will have been with the Los Angeles Police Department for twenty-eight yearstwenty-three years in the elite Metropolitan Division which is comprised of three, sixty man platoons, B and C platoons and D platoon (known as SWAT). In addition, both E platoon (the mounted unit) and K-9 are housed out of Metro. All members are highly seasoned training ofcers with a minimum of ve years on the job and undergo stiff competition for the limited openings available. Metro is responsible for all VIP, Presidential and Vice-Presidential details as well as

for other heads of state and dignitaries. All witness protection, bank stakeouts, serial criminals, high risk gang/crime suppression, high risk warrant service, riot control and rst responders fall under the purview of Metro. In short, Metro is a mobile force that can respond to situations where a traditional departmental response would not be as effective. (Metros radio call sign is, 114 derived from the room number of the long ago razed Georgia police station where Metro was rst housed.) For the last fteen years I have been instructing for International Tactical Training Seminars, Inc. of Los Angeles alongside Brett McQueen and a superlative shooting staff. I have taught for DOE, the USMC Recon Battalions, State Department, Naval Special Warfare Groups and countless police agencies and civilian groups among others. I have learned both tactics and re-

arms from the LAPD Academy, LAPD Metro and SWAT (ten years) as well as from numerous military and Federal entities and individual instructors whose integrity and credentials are beyond reproach. I have applied what I have learned on the streets of L.A. (for real) in some not so nice areas. I have taught what I have learned and experienced in real settings to literally thousands of people from all walks and facets of life, and now defend deadly force and tactics on behalf of individuals both in Superior and Federal court as well as testifying on capital crime cases. I state my credentials for the following reasons: One: I will not concoct some technique and then try to justify it, but rather disseminate what really transpires out there in the real world. Two: When one does anything extensively for a period of time there are




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Home Defense Rule No. 3: Identify Your Target

sing a bright light to identify and momentarily blind intruders is always a good tactic. Who knows, you might even get a chance to ask Santa about upgrading your presentafter all, you need another tie like, well, another tie. But another SureFire high-performance flashlight you could use. Especially one like the E2e Executive Elite, the smallest light SureFire has ever made that qualifies for tactical use (60 lumens or brighter). Or the A2 Aviator, a dual-beam, LED and Xenon bulb powerhouse of technology. Low light LEDs for close-in work and a stunning 50 lumen main beam for searching. Both are Mil-Spec tough and guaranteed for life. So tell Santa to save the ties and stuff your stocking with SureFires.

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some rather salient points that jump out at you when observed time and time again. There are similarities in outstanding performance in the eld that directly correlate to efcacious and experiencedbased training. Conversely there are also failures directly attributable to nonsensical techniques and substandard training as well. I will share these with you in future articles. Weapons and caliber selection, techniques and training, mental preparation, tactics employed, and nally the lessons learned from these frays will all be addressed through this column. If you want to know whats working, what is real and straight to the point and not theoretical, well discuss it. The unique aspect of Los Angeles in this day and age is that one does not have to wait long to know whether or not things work. In the rst six months of 2004 the LAPD has had approximately thirty-three separate incidents involving deadly force with real suspects. If one does the math, this is not insignicant. Many of these cases involve ofcers that Ive trained at one point or another and on many of the cases Ill either be debriefed or brought in to assist the L.A. District Attorneys ofce or other entities. Its a fairly straightforward process to gure out what works out there and what doesnt. If one is as confused as I am by the proliferation of rearms experts that are falling from the trees faster than Viagra in a retirement community, then I will try to simplify things for you based on what really transpires in the eld. I have never, nor would I ever, profess to have all the answers for all the situations one could encounter. However, there are many lessons to be learned and some have come to us at a very high cost. Not to learn from them is imprudent and to repeat them may be fatal. As equipment changes so do techniques and very often we are among the rst to see some of the latest versions of sliced bread and canned beerwhile some have merit, some are pure nonsense. We will explore these in future columns. There is a difference between play shooting and real training, a difference between the theoretical and the real. There are places in the world for all of these until real lives are in jeopardy and then the line should be drawn. The lessons learned, by the way, apply to private citizens every bit as much as police, so please bear this in mind. I have always been open to new ideas and techniques as long as theyre derived from real situations, well thought out and the person espousing these represents himself with integrity. What you can get away with on preconceived rehearsed square range or feel good drills may not reect reality. So well talk about it. There is no one out there that hasnt made mistakes or that cant be taken. Were human after all, and our job as responsible parties is to acquit ourselves to the best of our ability on demand under stress. Its called gunghting. [Scott Reitz is a twenty-eight year veteran of the Los Angeles Police Department and the director of the highly acclaimed International Tactical Training Seminars. Course information and schedules are available at their website at www.internationaltactical.com or by email at itts@gte.net.]




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tion is bad you want to identify why changing would be good. Understanding why it benets you to make the change can develop motivation that may be needed over the long haul. Developing motivation to change is the best way to keep the project alive by changing knowledge into action. If changing habits was an easy process then motivation would be a luxury, it is, however, not an easy process. Instead of letting the habit be the driving force, we will need to exercise some control. This control is needed

reaking a bad habit can be more complicated than the actual habit itself. A habit in its simplest form is the involuntary tendency to perform certain actions which is acquired by their frequent repetitions. In other words, when you do something over and over again to the point you dont think about the actionit more than likely has become a habit. The brain doesnt discriminate whether it is a good or bad habit; it just programs the body to act. The art of habit breaking is about controlboth in changing the behavior and the lack of control that led to the habit in the rst place. As a professional instructor and trainer I have had to assist folks in breaking bad techniques as well as changing my own behavior. Over the years I have come to understand that while a habit can be deeply embedded in our psyche it still can be altered. In order to achieve this desired change you have to identify what you want to change, make the decision to change, bring the action back into the conscious realm, solicit help from others and work hard. The rst thing we need to identify is the habit to change or the new action to adopt. Completely eliminating a bad habit will be more complex and difcult. Instead, modifying or evolving the habit can be more productive and sets the stage for gradual improvements on large projects. Usually we want to change the habit or program because we have perceived it to be bad. You will need to dene why the action is bad. Once you can identify why the ac-

It is also benecial to record the positive outcomes as a result of successfully changing and a realistic time frame for completion. This may seem a bit structured, but putting forth an organized attempt will be more likely to succeed than a jumbled half-hearted attempt. You will also need to take the time to break down the action into its parts. Clearly understanding each of the steps to successfully completing the task will help prevent accidental remission of the old habit. It will also help to identify the obstacles to successful change. If you

The most important aspect to change is the belief it can happen. From there, anything is possible.
to help bring the program from the subconscious realm into the conscious realm. The habit has been repeated so many times that we have relinquished control of the activityby repetition we no longer have to think about the action as it has almost become involuntary. A major foundational block to success will be the decision to change. Once we make the decision to change we have started to generate momentum. We will need other tangible items to help keep that momentum going. A good idea would be to commit to your goal in writing. This can be a very powerful tool and a helpful reminder. are not aware of the pitfalls that force you back to the old habits then it will be hard to avoid them. For instance, if you dissected an action into its A to B to C to D steps then you will have a better understanding of when you need to skip C. Construct a program that consists of starting, stopping and changing portions of the bad habit. By changing portions of the conditioned action you develop more control. If you want to conduct a different chamber check, then start the chamber check after you have conducted a post shooting assessmentchange when you start the chamber check. If you want to change www.swatmag.com



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the way you conduct a magazine exchange then change the way you acquire the fresh magazine. These are just some random samples to help illustrate the point of how making these small strides can have a lasting effect. Soliciting the help of friends and others can help in monitoring your progress. Having an objective onlooker can help paint a more accurate picture of how well you are progressing. There is a lot to be said about the pros and cons of peer pressure, but here it can actually be turned into a positive actionand a powerful one at that. When you have the added factor of competing or training with another person it can help motivate you to do the right thing. They must be honest with you and tell you how much progress you really are making. Based off their feedback you can determine if your original time frame is realistic or if it will need some modifying and if the new habit is a good merge. Through controlled repetitions, where you process through detailed steps in their correct sequence, you help reinforce the correct behavior and having somebody there to keep you honest only adds to the benet. The rst step in changing a habit is in identifying what you want to change or improve. You will need to lock onto this sometimes-abstract action. Then you need to make the decision to change the action. Use the positive results as motivation and leverage your performance with what lies ahead of you with the new change. Take the time to break the action down into bite-size pieces and bring it back into the conscious realm where you can think your way through the problem. The slow step-by-step execution of controlled processing is the best way to reliably make the change. Get help from other likeminded individuals that can help you stay honest and provide valuable feedback. Sometimes our actions can be biased, so having somebody watch our performance allows us to focus on the performance sequence and not the result. Breaking bad habits has been a life long endeavor for me and some of the battles I have won and others I have taken a break from. The most important aspect to change is the belief it can happen. From there, anything is possible.




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When one man begins to effect entry, that is when his partner brings his weapon to Sul. As soon as the number one man finishes crossing number two mans sector, the number two man brings his weapon back up to bear on the threat area as he begins to make his entry.

When men are stackedwhether two men or twentythe number one mans weapon needs to be up on the threat. Everyone else should be in Sul (with the possible exception of the rear security man).


ave you ever felt that a teammates muzzle was sweeping you whether in training or on an operation? If you have, you are not alone. They used to say a long time ago that it is normal for mens muzzles to sweep each other. Say again? There may be some men who still subscribe to that theory today, but I am not one of them nor should you be if you take your job and life seriously. There is a position that has been in wide usage for the past eight years now that is a solution to the potential lethality of pistol muzzles agging other ofcers during high intensity, live-re activities. Position Sul has been in use since 1997.

Alan Brosnan (TEES) and I (TFTT) developed it jointly. The word Sul means south in Portuguese, as this is where your muzzle is directed. Sul was developed as an answer to wild muzzle control by men armed with pistols during CQB training and operations. Sul is a close-in ready position where the muzzle is directed at the ground about twelve to eighteen inches in front of you. The muzzle is permitted to oat slightly left or right if the situation dictates, but is usually directed right at the deck. The presentation up to the target from Sul is every bit as quick as the traditional Low Ready. The traditional Low Ready or Position 3 (Arms locked and

weapon down somewhere around 45 degrees) is somewhat awkward and stiff during close quarter work. In addition, men who maintain the traditional Position Three have the tendency to cover their partners legs or butt when crossing sectors, and also sometimes present their weapons out too far when they are dynamically going through doors or around corners. Since 1997 Sul has been adopted by thousands of operatorsreal operators, not armchair warriors or laptop commandos. The consensus is 95% positive from those who have been properly indoctrinated in Sul and its use. This speaks volumes for the quick ease of www.swatmag.com



Position of Domination (POD) in a 360-degree perimeter around the principle who is inside the perimeter.

learning and adaptability of Position Sul. First let it be said that at no time does your muzzle ever cover any part of your body when you are in a proper Position Sul. Not while you are moving, nor while you are static. This position was developed for teams, not for individual tactics. Training civilian shooting enthusiasts to clear their house in the event of an intruder, or training individual patrol ofcers for that matter is vastly different from training SWAT and Special Operations personnel. The difference is that the individual needs only to worry about his muzzlenot his teammates bodies or his teammates muzzle. www.swatmag.com

Note the contact between the middle finger knuckle of the shooting hand, and the index finger knuckle of the nonshooting hand. This is your reference point for fast acquisition of your sights.


creates issues for the entire team. Such a person needs to sort out his existing skills and determine where he is in the food chain. There has been a great amount of misconception by various entities out there regarding Sul. For those out there who have already made up their minds and discarded this position out of hand, I am not the least bit concerned about what they thinkI dont have to go through a door with them. I am, however, very concerned with the operators out there who may benet from proper utilization of this technique. The purpose of this article is to allow those who are undecided or possibly misinformed about Sul to
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 41

Those who point out that Position Sul Takes the gun out of the ght are very astutethat is exactly what it was designed to do. To take the weapon out of the ght is precisely the reason we do it. You are not in the ght or else your weapon would be up on target or on a horizontal bore axis. The mental Tactical Toolbox for all special operators needs to be diversied, to allow us to adapt ourselves to the great variety of situations that may confront us. If one only has a Bob the Builder toolbox, one probably wont see any use for this position. A team member who lets his muzzle cover his partner or non-combatants

The man moving towards the unit of cover to back up his partner maintains Position Sul while he is in transit.

reexamine this position. We will discuss when it is to be used, when it is not to be used and what it was developed for. Position Sul is to be used in one of three occasions.

Transit means from the time you have left your tactical holding area on the way to the objective, it means being in a stack, it means anything other than standing in one spot. It also would include executing stationary turns with friendlies on your anks. Additionally, it would include moving to an area of cover where your partner already is. If youre the cover man, of course your weapon needs to be up covering the threat area whether that threat area is a doorway or a downed suspect. Position Sul is not to be employed by any man whose primary responsibility is to provide cover. It has no purpose if you are doing individual tactics, except to possibly allow hostages or noncombatants to pass in front of you. If you are doing individual ofcer survival techniques, Sul has very little to no use. Once again, it was designed for teams, not individuals.

a fellow ofcers weapon which just went off at that inopportune time. Men need to open up their sphere of awareness and be able to transition from the position of cover, to Sul and back to the position of cover.

An example of this would be an evacuation drill of a dignitary away from a crowd where some hostile action was performed against the detail. While the principle is being evacuated, the men who are pulling rear security would have the option of bringing their weapons to Sul as they scan the crowd for any other threats. If any threats are identied, those pistols can be brought up instantly from Sul to neutralize the threat. Another example would be on an aircraft. If security personnel have taken down a suspect they would probably post on the cockpit door in a position of domination. Position Sul is the best choice for this, as the ofcers can still retain control of the passengers, but their muzzle will be in a safe direction as opposed to having their muzzle on a horizontal bore axis covering dozens (if not hundreds) of heads. I believe that some of the controversy that has arisen over Position Sul is due to several points. The rst is that some, who have never been given a proper period of instruction in Position Sul and its use by a qualied instructor, form their own opinions of when this position is

This means going through a door, it means when one man is bounding through your sector headed towards another area of coverit means a multitude of things. If a friendly or non-combatant is going to cross in front of your sector of re, the muzzle does not belong up on them, it belongs towards the ground. When men are on opposing sides of a doorway getting ready to make entry, it is insane for one man to leave his muzzle up and force his partner to run in front of it. Far too many ofcers have been shot because they happened to be in front of

adopted. Some of these opinions are clearly mistaken. There also those who have read about Sul in articles or have seen someone else do it, and then they pass it along executing the technique improperly or unsafely. Lastly, there are those who have seen it done and who, with dubious credentials or experience, attempt to modify it to suit whatever kind of outlandish tactics that they are trying to put forth. In conclusion, we must never forget the high stakes involved in combat operations and live-re training. The job is dangerous enough without having to be worried about being shot by your own men. Lets keep those weapons up on target when they need to be, but bring those muzzles to Sul if our teammates move in front of us!


T.F.T.T. Dept. S.W.A.T. 16835 Algonquin Street, Suite 120 Huntington Beach, CA 92649 (714) 846-8065 www.tftt.com T.E.E.S. Enterprises Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 1345 Southaven, MS 38671 (800) 950-8337 www.tees-training.com www.swatmag.com



The Ultralight Classic Rings on a MK11 MOD 0. The BUIS is the KAC 600m Micrometer Adjustable Sight.


he use of optical sights has increased dramatically within the last decade, and for good reason. Acquiring the target is the rst step in the target engagement sequence, and optics make acquisition easier. They increase the speed and certainty with which that rst round can be delivered into your opponent. Once used in the military only by precision riemen for specic reasons, the advances in the quality of some of the optical sights (battery life, water resistance and ruggedness) have made them viable enough to be used not only by the Special Operations Forces, but also by those who do the bulk of the ghtingthe Infantrymen.

An optical sight is only one part of the mechanical package. The weapon needs to be sufciently reliable and possess realistic intrinsic accuracy to accomplish the mission, and the interface between the weapon and opticthe rings and mountneed to be equal to the task. The rings and mounts used by hunters and competitive shooters were generally sufcient for what they did. However, that hardware was grossly insufcient for what a warrior might need. Consider that a SOF member may have an Enhanced Combat Optical Sight (ECOS, NSN 1240-01-495-1385) on his M4A1 Carbine during the day. If he moves to an OP in an open area, he may change

the Aimpoint out for his 4x Day Optical Sight (4xDOS, commonly the ACOG). If he remains in that OP at night, he may replace that DOS with an AN/PVS-17B Night Optic. As the heat tab rises he may switch back to his Aimpoint. In order to do this efciently and without loss of zero, a common mounting platform is standard throughout the U.S. military. Known as the Accessory Mounting Rail for Small Arms Weapons, but more commonly known by the Military Standard number (Mil-Std-1913), the rail consists of a complex series of angles and slots machined into a surface of either steel or aluminum, and mounted to or integral with a weapon.




The M4A1/M4 Carbine and the M16A4 Rie have an integral Mil-Std1913 rail in the upper receiver. The SOPMOD Kit that is issued with the carbine has a Knights Armament Corporation Rail Interface System (RIS) to replace the standard handguards. The RIS has that same 1913 rail at 12, 3, 6 and 9 oclock positions. Generally, the AN/PEQ-2A Infrared Target Pointer/Illuminator/Aiming Laser, a vertical foregrip and a white light will be mounted on the RIS. The precision rails permit the mounting, removal and remounting of optics

tively large tolerances and even if machined to specications, a wide variance can make the interface between the rail and the mounting device problematic. Adding to this mix is the fact that while those who have military contracts hold to strict tolerances, some aftermarket manufacturers seem unable or unwilling to accurately machine the rail to a useable standard. This is increasingly evident when trying to t an issue part to a nominal 1913 rail. Parts may t on some weapons, and not others. Others may have a rail that appears to comply with

above: The gold color (seen peeking through the operator applied paint job) was the result of the high copper content of the 7075 aluminum and the hard anodizing process. LaRue has switched to the use of 6061 aluminum. The bar stock throw levers are a vast improvement over the MIM levers used on another mount. Clearly visible are the adjustment nuts that permit the use of these rings on receivers/rails that may not be quite in spec. left: A Shooter stands in front of his IFAV, his M4A1 Carbine equipped with the Aimpoint M2 Enhanced Combat Optical Sight mounted in a LaRue Ultralight Ring.

with no practical loss of zero. Of course, this can only be accomplished if the 1913 rails are undamaged and if the rail interface is sufcient for the task. That is why those pesky removable protective rail panels come with the kitthey protect the rails. Not protecting the rails is plain stupid. The Mil-Std-1913 Rail has some rela-

the 1913 standard, but is slightly modied to allow only their proprietary accessories to t. Enter Mark LaRue. A machinist by trade since 1980 (his Grandfather was a machinist at Oak Ridge during WW II), he owns Austin Precision Products (DBA as LaRue Tactical). Austin Precision was deeply involved in the manufacture of

precision instruments to support the burgeoning high tech industries in the Austin, Texas area. Mark was, and continues to be, a shooter and hunter. Like most of us, he enjoys the benets of shooting steel. He also eventually got tired of resetting that steel as it cut drastically into his shooting time. His Sniper Targeta reduced size steel silhouette that utilized a motorcycle battery to reset the target after it was struckwas born from this frustration. He produced a small number of his Sniper Targets, got a booth at the 92 SHOT Show, and immediately received orders. He started devoting more time to the shooting end of his business, and has since produced over 3,000 of them. Mark then took a hard look at rings and mounts and felt that he could do it better. His rst ring was a quick detachable, slender and lightweight mount for precision ries called the Ultralight Classic. Obviously meant to be used in pairs, the resulting Ultralight Classic (patent pending) is self-centering and self-aligning. The Ultralight Classic is unique in that the throw lever is adjustable. A supplied wrench can adjust the tension exerted upon the Mil-Std-1913 rail to make up for dimensional differences between the rail and the interfaceand as previously noted they do exist. Members of the SOF community became aware of these rings and a request was oated to make a quick detachable ring set weigh in at less than 4.5 ounces, Mark made a set that weighs a whopping 4.4 ounces. (Those 5 lightening holes in the throw lever were worth 3/4 of an ounce. This can be accomplished as the throw lever is made from solid stock, not MIM as is common with another maker). These rings, like all of LaRues mounts, are made from solid pieces of 6061 Aluminum and 17-4 PH Stainless Steel. 8-40 Torx screws t into hardened T-nut inserts that are guaranteed not to stripa nice concept. The Aimpoints used by the military come with a variety of mounts, running from quick detachable to xed types. The xed types generally use a nut on a transverse screw. The nut is made nger tight and then tightened 1/4 turn with a tool. This will keep the mount stationary, and
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 45


the optic will hold its zero. A caveat here sell and use subcontractors for much of is that vibration will loosen about any- the process. Such a company may sell a thing, and that vibration includes shoot- good product, but rapid response to a ing, ruck humps, riding in Hummers, IF- users request is not likely. Drafting new AVs and about any type, make or model dimensions and then contracting out to of rotary winged aircraft. Get smart and those who actually make the partand use Loctite and then paint witness marks repeating this as necessary until the prodon the screw/mount and carbine. Check uct comes out righttakes time. Furtherit visually and/or by touch every chance A pair of Utralight Classics hold a Schmidt & Bender 1.25-4x20 to you get. This is not an M4A1 Carbine. This is a beautiful piece of glass, but the eye unique to optical relief is critical. The Vltor stock is proving popular with those who do this for a living. mounts/rings. A number of very popular BUIS have been lost due to the nut separating from the screw. The problem with xed mounts was described at the beginning of this story. A Shooter under some circumstances may have to change his optic once or twice in a single day. The xed mount made this difcult to do rapidly. The QD mount makes removing or replacing equipment easier, but as time marched on inexora- more, subcontractors may have priorities bly, complaints were received that optical or problems which conict with rapid mounts were not holding their BZO, the response to consumers needs. This is a throw lever arms were breaking and that time-consuming and inefcient way to some items, under certain circumstances, do business. were parting company from the rail. No LaRue Tactical is housed in a 10,000 one likes to think of their product as being square foot building on four acres of land less than perfect, but the fact remains that just outside of Austin. They use state of tolerance stack does occur. Cutters dull, the art CNC machinery and have the decomputer inputs are bad, people are in- sign and production capabilities to hanattentive, subcontractors are upset about dle rapid prototyping. less than timely payments and Quality In this case Mark called back to the Assurance (QA) slips. The result here is factory, and they only had to identify that a mount may not return the optic to the problem, redraw the specs, walk zero if it is removed and replaced. down the hall and produce the new item. Mark took a booth at the 2003 SHOT LaRue Tactical had the new rings on the show and several shooters realized that requestors desk by the time he returned one half of the Ultralight Classic might from SHOTand quickly got the modimake a good QD Aimpoint ring. They re- ed prototypes out (in the white) to the quested that the mount be made 1/4-inch user community. higher to put the M4A1 front sight in the While many of us felt that the Ultralower one-third of the viewing optic. light Classic was a major improvement Some companies do not design, re-de- over the existing QD mounts, Mark felt sign, and manufacture the products they that there was still room for improvement. Based on feedback, he put on his Rapid Prototyping chapeau and produced the M68 CCO mount. This mount uses a larger base with an adjustable throw lever attachment. The ring accepts four 8-40 Torx screws that enter into stainless steel sleeves that are opposite and opposed (making me feel like Im on rappel back in the day with non locking carabiners). Feedback is important. As Mark LaRue says What you see today may not be what you see tomorrow. While the Torx screws were originally used, they are now being changed to hex head screws at the request of users. The reason is simple; while the Torx screw offers strength advantages, all hairy-chested, steel-bellied commandos carry a cool guy tool and a folding hex wrench tool. They need a screw that they have tools for. In addition to the Ultralight and M68 Rings, LaRue Tactical makes a variety of other cool guy items. Among these are an ACOG Adapter QD; a Mini ACOG Adapter QD; Reex Adapter QD; AR15 Flat Top Adapter QD, which permits the mounting of a precision telescope on an SPR type platform; M107 .50 QD for the SASR; a QD mount for the EOTech; a back up iron sight (BUIS), and other items. (Between the time that I started to write this article and when I nished, LaRue manufactured a mount for the PEQ-2Athat works very welland a free oat Mil-Std-1913 rail.) One of those new items is the AN/PVS14 ring. Generally speaking, the -14 is a helmet-mounted, night vision monocular used for foot navigation. It is a very good Gen 3 device. Because it is a monocular, peripheral vision is compromised and driving is problematic (the newer PVS-15 and -18 solve a lot of those problems). It is useful for engaging opponents at night when using the AN/PEQ-2A Infrared target Pointer/Illuminator/Aiming LASER. In this case the Shooter activates the laser aiming dot and places it on the




threat. The carbine cannot be used as it normally would. That is, you cannot get the carbine exactly into the shoulder as you would with bright ambient light, but it works real well if you have time and distance on your side. The standard NV sight is the AN/ PVS-17B, sort of like a 2.25x night capable Aimpoint (the 17C is 4.5X). It replaces the Aimpoint or ACOG for use at night. Not all military units have the -17s, and few police departments can afford the $5,313.00 price tag. Many have therefore placed the PVS-14 in tandem behind an Aimpoint as a eld expedient. This is a compromise at best. You cant navigate efciently while looking through sights; however, in a large percentage of police operations that may not be a major issue. At the request of a Marine Infantry Bn., LaRue Tactical made a ring for the -14 that ts perfectly behind their Aimpoints and LaRue M68 Ring. Run the focus out to innity and there is no gap. This is the poor mans NVS for sure, but it does work very well (it also makes getting a BZO on the PEQ-2A a lot easier). We had the opportunity to test a fair number of the M68 mounts on M4A1s. While the four MOA dot on the Aimpoint M2 is too large for discerning an absolute point of aim (and this is not what the sight was designed for), some very experienced shooters put a number of rounds downrange while removing the Aimpoint between shots. Ammunition was issue M855 Ball. During one test, and while shooting from an improvised rest, we red a series of ve-shot groups, removing the LaRue ring from the receiver after each series. At the end we red twenty-ve rounds slow re without removing the mount. All rounds fell within the four MOA covered by the red dot. This is more than sufcient to defeat a threat, but not a true test of the mount. To get a better read, we put a Leupold M3 in a set of LaRue Precision Rings. Ammunition was the excellent Black Hills MK262 MOD1, the 77-grain Sierra load used by someand soon allSOF. Using a Ransom Master Rest (this tool denes the word solid) we red a zeroing group. The average for both 10.5 and 14.5-inch barrels was 1.25-


S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 47

inch at 100 yards. As soon as we started to run tests on the mounts, the quirky northern Arizona winds picked up and plagued us throughout the tests. It was a full value wind, at fteen miles-perhour with higher gusts. While it may not have affected the projectile very much, it certainly did affect the target frames. We ran a series of ve-shot groups, removing the mount between groups. The groups averaged 1.75-inch for both the 10.5 and 14.5-inch barrels. Paul Ertsgaard took one of the MSTN version MK12 Mod1 Special Purpose Ries and performed a series of tests using the LaRue M4 Flattop Mount (see sidebar). Paul shot a series of ve, ve-round groups at 100 and 200 yards, removing the LaRue mount after each ve-shot group. The groups were red in a target opportunity fashionthat is, acquire the target, re, reacquire and re and so on. This gives a more realistic read on practical capabilities. Typically each ve-shot group was red within twenty-ve to forty seconds. The rst two 100-yard groups were red back to back, and the remaining three groups had a four to ve minute cooling off period. The 100-yard groups measured .561; .731; 1.233; .945; and .813; for an average of .883-inch. The template for the entire 25 round group measured 1.910 inches wide and 1.223 inches tall. The center of the group moved 0.4 to 0.6 inch horizontally each time the mount was reattached. It moved vertically 0.2inch between groups four and ve, but not measurable with the other groups. At 200 yards the groups were 1.473, 1.791, 1.335, 1.50, and 1.378, for an average of 1.501-inch. The template for the entire 25 round group was 1.209-inch wide and 1.655inches tall. The group center was consistent within 0.3-inch. All of the 200-yard shots were red within ten minutes, due to the fact that Paul was not excited about the inbound thunderstorms. (Way to go Paul!) We have seen enough LaRue mounts being removed and replaced from enough M4A1s, MK 11s and 12s, and SASs to feel condent in their ability to return to zero. The key here is that it is not done once, but many times. Some within the SOF were the push behind the LaRue rings, due to dissatisfaction with what they were using. To that end, some units within DoD and in the Federal bureaucracy have purchased these rings. One unit in the show is using LaRue rings and mounts for their Aimpoints, ACOGs, Schmidt & Bender telescopes and even for the M82A3 SASR with excellent results. Any time two objects touch, some evidence of that touching will remain. Some disgruntled individuals may claim that the LaRue Mount will somehow destroy the host receiver. We have seen no evidence of this after use on a large number of weapons over several months of operational use. Others claim that the throw lever may mar the nish on the 1913 rails (of course some shooters will not place their pistol in the holster for fear of damaging the nish). Real guns, used by real shooters, are not pristine. Function is paramount, but any weapon used will show the results of ring, being transported in a variety of vehicles, carried in buildings and over mountains and showing the residue of eld expedient paint jobs and duct tape.




If you truly believe that a rub mark hidden by a mount will somehow affect your masculinity, you probably need get into Bonsai. Either deal with it or get into a business that is less threatening. Nothing lasts forever. What was top shelf ten years ago may be marginally acceptable now. My rst new car was a 68 Mustang GT350. It was a terric car (and I sure wish I had it now!), but I can remember cars of that era not starting when the temperature was below freezing, bodies rotting out in four years, poorly designed interiors and so on. We improve, or we rot. This morning I opened the bedroom window in my sixty-plus year old house. It had a throw lever on the window frame. That technology has been around for a long time. The LaRue rings are a great improvement over previous QD mounts. Mark and his company continue to be responsive to the requirements of the SOF, and to rapidly design, prototype and deliver quality products that help our people kill the enemy with greater efciency. [Pat Rogers is a retired Chief Warrant Ofcer of Marines and a retired NYPD Sergeant. He has been a Rangemaster at Gunsite since 1993, and is currently the Owner of E.A.G. Inc, which provides services to various governmental organizations. He can be reached at patrogers3@juno.com.]

LaRue Tactical Dept. S.W.A.T. 850 CR 177 Leander, TX 78641 (512) 259-1585 www.laruetactical.com Mid South Tactical Network Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 752784 Memphis TN 38141-7800 (901) 542-9608 www.mstn.biz Black Hills Ammunition Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 3090 Rapid City, SD 57709-3090 (605) 348-5150 www.black-hills.com


S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 49

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The speed shield and impact push are practiced dry prior to performing the actions in live-re drills.



upelo, Mississippi, the heart of the Bible Belt and birthplace of Elvis. Lazy, warm afternoons spent sipping Southern cocktails while watching the sunset or cold, rainy, overcast winter days training with your pistol. Take your pick. Ill choose the training every timeespecially when its a class with Bill Jeans. Bill Jeans operates Morrigan Consulting, established in 1998. Dont let the date the company was formed fool you; Bill is no newcomer to the training business. He and Clint Smith, Director of Thunder Ranch, attended Gunsites 250 Pistol class together as students way back in 1978. Jeans spent time in Vietnam, served as operations manager for Gunsite, and has managed to rack up

over twenty years of experience in law enforcement. Although Morrigan Consulting primarily trains law enforcement personnel, Bill does provide instruction to civilians on a regular basisand even manages to get out to the Texas Hill country now and then to instruct for Clint at Thunder Ranch. When I discovered Bill was teaching two classes in Tupelo, a long way from his normal stomping grounds of Arizona, I made arrangements to attend the three-day advanced pistol portion of his visit. The weather was dismal. Contrary to popular belief, winters in the South are cold and damp, but the trip to Mississippi to train with Bill was well worth the time, expense and effort. Our education began with a couple

hours of classroom time. Examining the handout Bill issues, it didnt take long to realize that Coopers Modern Technique is the basis of Jeans combative instruction. Flipping through the handout revealed a section written by Colonel Cooper on the Combat Mindset, details on Coopers Combative Triad (Gunhandling, Marksmanship, and Mindset) and the ve basic elements of the Modern Techniquethe Weaver stance, presentation of the pistol from the holster, the ash sight picture, compressed surprise break of the trigger and importance of using a large caliber pistol. The most interesting portion of the handout is Bills essay, What you really need to know about gunght ballistics. He examines the importance of markswww.swatmag.com



Advanced Pistol class includes instruction on shooting with one handa skill level best learned while training as opposed to attempting it for the rst time during a ght.


manship (Its what you hit, stupid!), caliber selection (Bigger bullets make bigger holes), and an oft-ignored variable (Dont forget the X factor). The X factor according to Bill is simply peoples reactions to being shot. Regardless of caliber used or location of the bullets impact, the threats response is the one intangible that your choice of rearm or ammunition or degree of training cannot control. Instead of relying on some type magic bullet you must shoot carefully and quickly until the attacker breaks off contact. The ght doesnt end until the threat makes a psychological decision to quit the ght, or your opponent cant continue the engagement due to injury inicted by youa physiological stop. With these thoughts in mind we gear


up and hit the range for a review on the basics of gunhandling and marksmanship. These are the essential skills of gunghting, and although there is nothing new about the drills Bill runs us through, its never a bad idea to hone your skills under the instruction of an expert. As the day progresses Bill constantly works the line critiquing the students abilities as a group while correcting and improving our weaknesses as individuals. A lot of rounds are sent downrange. Bills enthusiasm is boundless, and he has the energy to back it up. I think the only thing that saved us on the rst day was that the sun was going down. We had on every piece of clothing we had brought, and as we say down south, its

left: A tactical reload with the support hand only is achieved by holstering the weapon backwards, and then swapping out magazines. right: Once the magazine change has been performed, the pistol is presented back onto the target.

gettin really cold. Finally, Bill informs us its quitting time, releasing us with a reminder to get a good rest in anticipation of a long second day. I had caught a ride to Mississippi with Lamar Jaggears, rangemaster for the Gadsden, Alabama Police Department. While he warms up the car I toss our gear into the trunk and were off in search of warmth, food and long discussions on rearms training. Day two we shoot a lot of ammo, only now were moving. We move away from the target to create distance. This provides time for us to respond to our attacker. We move to get to the protection of cover. Lateral movement allows us to avoid the attack by stepping away from the threats centerline. And we move to index our bodies and weapons to threats

S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 53

right: A stable platform is essential to ghting, regardless of the weapon employed. Here a shooter is shaken by his partner as he attempts to obtain hits on the target. below: Jeans (in the camo jacket) demonstrates the speed shield, used to keep opponents from getting too close. The pistol is held against the torso in a retention ring position.

on the left, right and rear. None of these fundamental techniques by themselves are troublesome. The difculty arises when you must create a response to an attack by applying combinations of these movements. You ght your way up from the ground, engaging the threat with accurate re, move to create distance, while keeping your weapon operational through reloads and/or malfunction clearances. In the business world its referred to as multitasking. In a hostile environment its called ghting. Although the focus of the class is on pistol ghting, the realities of everyday life dictate that we cant walk around with pistol in hand waiting for trouble. Documentation reveals that most violent encounters take place within extremely short ranges, and regardless of how aware we are of our environment there are situations in which the rst clue we have that the ght has begun is when the threat physically attacks. This is especially true for law enforcement ofcers who are forced to close ground with questionable characters. Regardless of your station in life, its wishful thinking to believe youre prepared for a ght if you dont have any training in defensive tactics or the unarmed response. Imagine you are having a conversation with someone who outweighs you by a least forty poundsmost of it musclewhen suddenly he charges you in an attempt to take away your holstered weapon. We understand that once disarmed there is a high probability our own weapon will be used against us. We also know the longer we remain involved in a physical struggle with the threat, the possibility of losing our weapon and being injured increases exponentially. The best option is to disconnect from the attacker as quickly as possible and create some distance which provides an opportunity to employ your rearm against the threat. Jeans solution to this dilemma is the speed shield, which prevents the attacker from getting their hands on you or your weapon, and the impact push,

an action employed to propel the threat away from you. The speed shield is created by leaning into the attacker, bracing with the primary side leg by extending it slightly to the rear, and lifting the support arm until the upper arm is parallel to the ground with the elbow directed towards

the attackers chest. The support hand is positioned to protect the side of the head or ward off blows while the primary hand grasps the pistol, preparing to present the weapon to a retention ring position. The moment the support elbow makes contact with the threat, the hand is brought down to the center of the opponents chest and you bounce them from you by exing the arm, the rear leg and your feet. During training it was amazing the amount of force that could be generated with the push. Proper timing of the impact push would often result in Bill, employing a striking bag while act-

ing as the threat, being lifted off his feet and thrown backward by a good yard or more. There is also the option of using both elbows in the shield phase and both hands during the impact push, producing even more dynamic results. The advantages of the speed shield and impact push are that they are quickly learned, retained without constant practice, and can be employed successfully by a smaller defender against a much larger attacker. These characteristics are highly desirable in defensive tactics from the standpoints of teaching and application. Its the nal portion of our training and nally the sun graces us with its presence. Behind the line there are piles of clothing, as hats and gloves are shed as the day heats up. The sunshine seems to energize everyone as we make ready for a skills test, our nal drill of the class. Although there is no ofcial score, no one wants to make a bad showing in front of the class and suffer their peers withering critiques. www.swatmag.com



One at a time, students step up to the line, check their weapons status and stand by. I nd myself wishing it was possible to stay for the three days of carbine training that follow the advanced pistol course. Training with Bill, even though it is mentally and physically taxing, is one of those experiences that you hate to see end. I normally judge courses by three criteria: Did I learn anything new that is applicable to the real world? Would I recommend the training to others? Would I take another class with this instructor? Bill Jeans gets a yes for all three. We had covered a lot of material in three days and received plenty of repetition to have a good grasp on the techniques. During the class I learned some new techniques, particularly during the defensive tactics portion of the training. I believe anyone, regardless of their level of prociency, will benet from training with Bill. Finally, should the opportunity present itself I wont hesitate to attend further instruction with Morrigan Consulting. Training with Bill is an educational experience, as well as entertaining. If you have the chance to train with Bill Jeans I would highly recommend it. Dont expect anything ashy or fancy. Jeans is one of those instructors of the old school who focus on the fundamentals of ghting, with a few new things that have proven to be effective thrown into the mix. Bills instruction is grounded in the realities of combat, and in these times when there is no shortage of instructors who are attempting to push the envelope or create some new technique which they can name after themselves, this attitude is refreshing. Morrigan Consulting provides training in techniques that have been proven over and over to win ghts in the eld, where it counts. Its training you can bet your life on, and more importantly, the lives of your partners or family.

Morrigan Consulting Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 1125 Chino Valley, AZ 86323 (928) 636-1329 www.morrigan-consulting.com www.swatmag.com


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One of the principles that Cutting Edge has stressed in their defensive tactics training is Body Parts to Body Mass. Rather than trying a hold or restraint at the end of the limb or joint, as wed been taught before, we now take hold of the limb, the arm in this case, and pull it tight against our torso and work from there.

t felt like a really good punch. I didnt realize Id been cut until I saw the blood on the front of my shirt. There were four of us and six of them. Still bearing the scar on his chin from the assault almost twenty years ago, one of my co-workers told this story during Cutting Edge Trainings Tactical Duty Knife: Use & Defense for Ofcers class. My department hosted this eight-hour class that addresses the law enforcement use of edged weapons. Four areas are addressed, with an emphasis on safety: utility usage, emergency rescue use, defense against knife attack and reasonable police defensive use of the knife. Throughout is a focus on being able to articulate the use of the knife and then defending against the inevitable political and media fallout over the knifes successful use against an assailant. This is not a knife-ghting class, rather it addresses the use of the knife as a last ditch

tool in a lethal force situation with the goal of allowing the ofcer to escape and, if necessary, employ other more traditional weapons. The pocket-clip knife is ubiquitous these days. Look at most ofcers or reghters in uniform and youll see the clip. A whole lot of decent, normal human beings who arent in the military or public safety have them too. Generally, we carry a knife for utility work, but somewhere in the recesses of the brain (OK, at least in mine) is the thought that the folding knife clipped in the sap pocket may be the one thing, after the duty pistol and a back-up gun, that gets me home. So, we are carrying them, but few of us have received any training in their use. Lack of documented training tends to make administrators nervous. When administrators get nervous, one of two things happens: They either ban, through policy, that which worries them or they get the troops training. Fortu-



nately, the agency I work for falls into the latter category and they brought the training to us. Our instructors were George Williams, the principal of Cutting Edge Training, and Thomas Benge, the national lead instructor for their edged weapons courses. Mr. Williams has been training law enforcement personnel since 1979. He is a California POST Master Instructor and was his departments full-time training specialist, actually teaching rather being the training manager. He has programs that address SWAT, patrol, K9, and Police Administrators, along with instructor certication in defensive tactics, impact weapons, and shooting. Thomas V. Benge is a Corporal with the City of Meadville, Pennsylvania Police Department and has been there since 1993. He is currently assigned to their patrol division and has been practicing martial arts since 1988. Both are very articulate and were decidedly willing to do whatever it www.swatmag.com


took to help the students master the material and the skills. In what seems to be the norm these days, manufacturers and trainers are teaming up in strategic partnerships. Cutting Edge and Benchmade have one such partnership. They also offer a real good deal on their knives for public safety personnel who attend their classes. My departments defensive tactics instructors have been using Williams as their certifying instructor for over four years now. As a result, the material they have brought to us has been more functional than wed been used to. Rather than continuing to teach a number of multi-step techniques, they have been teaching us principles that could be employed as appropriate. The DT staff has previously brought in Cutting Edge Training to conduct a one-day Supervisor Force Liability Prevention course. I attended that class and even after having been a rearms instructor for ten www.swatmag.com

Since many of our physical altercations end up on the ground, whether by intent or not, we need to train there. Here the students are practicing employment of the knife while on the ground in order to break free of the suspect


The knifes use has been successful and the ofcer has broken free of the suspect. Now that hes gained some distance he switches to a rearm to use in dealing with any further aggressive acts by the suspect.


Escape cuts with the folding knife are used to break away from the suspects grasp in order to take advantage of distance and other weapons.

years, had my eyes opened. Rather than trying to dissuade us from using force, the classes focused on two goalsletting our ofcers do what they needed to do to win, and then helping them to prove that they had done the right thing. Consistently emphasized throughout the class was that the police use of the knife was a last ditch effort. It would be employed when neither your rearm nor any other weapon was available and you needed to save your life. Defeating a weapon takeaway was clearly included in this. Ok, back to the sharp things we all like to carry with us. Williams recommends the use of a quality-folding knife. Because of the partnership with Benchmade there was a denite leaning in that direction. He stated that the requirements included a positive locking system that would not fail, a strong hinge that had little or no wobble, and strong sharp blade. Here the emphasis was on keeping the blade

sharp in order to get cleaner cuts with greater blood ow and longer clotting times. He recommended using an angle of 30 degrees when sharpening on a medium grit stone. He advised against using the defensive knife for tasks such as opening boxes and the like, because of dulling the blade. The tuition for the class included the folding training knife we used. The training knife was Benchmades 551T, a variant of their 551 Griptilian folder. The training blade is rounded at the tip and radiused all the way around. The blade has four large holes drilled in it to make the actual weight equal to that of the live folder. The handle has the dark red color molded in, rather than being painted on as many of us have done over the years to the dummy training weapons we created out of de-activated evidence room guns and knives. Basically, folding knives seem to be carried in one of three ways: clipped over
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Use of the knife to stop a handgun take-away. The deputy is employing the tip of the blade against the suspects hand, which has been trapped on the grip of the pistol. The blade is directed to the suspects hand, as opposing to stabbing it at the hand. Once in contact, the blade is pressed in with the goal of contacting bone. Since we are concerned with keeping control of the handgun, our shooting hand is pushing downward on the suspects hand to keep the handgun in the holster.

some part of our clothing, in a apped pouch or in a pocket. The pros and cons of these methods were discussed. The clipped to a pocket carry had a signicant con that caused me to change the way I carry. Williams noted that ofcers have reported encountering a different type of weapons grab by parolees. The parolees, who do practice these things when in custody, start by going for the holstered pistol, knowing that the ofcer must defend it. Once the ofcer commits to protecting the handgun, the parolee diverts to the exposed knife clip on the ofcers offside. Now the ofcer is forced to ght on both sides of his body in order to protect exposed weapons. Williams suggested either carrying the knife clipped in an area hidden from view, but easily accessible such as the waistband or carrying it in a pocketafter accepting that the knife would change orientation while in the pocket. If an ofcer wanted to carry two blades, Williams recommended carrying one high, such as around the neck or on the upper chest, and the other low, in the area of the waistband or trouser pockets. I have opted to carry two knives as a result of this class and discussions with other ofcers who are far more knowledgeable on the subject than I am. During the ground ghting portions of the class, I found that I was not always able to access a knife carried at my waist when someones legs were wrapped around me.

Before I get into usage, terminology comes into the equation. Deployment of the knife means to bring it from where it is carried and to then open it, making it ready for use. Employment means the actual use of the knife against an assailant. The deployment was taught in a manner much like the presentation of the pistol is best taughtmethodically and systematically. The deployment also carried over an idea from Williams defensive tactics trainingbody parts to body mass. Unless the situation absolutely prevents it, after drawing the knife, the grip is held tightly against the body while the blade is opened away from the body. This helps maintain positive control of the weapon. In terms of the utilitarian use of knife, little things such as which direction to move the blade during the cut (towards you, like a claw, for defense and away from you for utility ) and protecting the tip of the blade if using your knife to free someone from a locked seatbelt or ligature. Little things like this may make administrators a bit less nervous. (While not mentioned in the class, a large upper Midwest police department had an unfortunate incident in which an ofcer seriously cut the ngers of a female arrestee when trying to cut the sleeve of a jacket enough to be able to secure the handcuffs on her arm. This is the sort of incident that leads to a bad policy being dumped on road deputies and street cops.)

One of the philosophies that appeared throughout the class was that one should constantly be seeking targets on the assailant. The target zones addressed in the class were the subclavian area, the armpits, the femoral arteries, the back of the knee and the brachial artery. The search for these targets was reinforced with dry drills between partners. Escape cuts were taught as well, focusing on being able to get away from the suspects grasp. In all cases, the stated goal was to defeat the suspects attempt to cause you great bodily injury or death with the fewest number of cuts possible. The knifes intended usage throughout was taught with the intent of getting the assailant to stop and get off or away from you. None of the techniques were done fast or in rapid repetition. Rather, they were shown methodically with the intent of rst-time success. Actual stabs were taught as a move to contact and then a push. Once penetration with the blade was accomplished, the knife was kept in contact with the assailants body part until their life threatening action ceased. One method addressed was to seek bone by continuing to move the blade to the four compass points until the assailant stopped their actions. Escape cuts were shown for the purpose of forcing the assailant to let gonow. This training had no problems with recommending the use of a rearm to solve a deadly force problem, once that option was available. Time and again it was reinforced that we needed to escape from the assailants control, move to a position of advantage and draw our rearmbeing ready to use it if forced to by the assailants actions. One area though, that took me from this is different to Im disagreeing with this was the location of the rearm in relation to the assailant. Williams kept demonstrating contact shots on the assailant, even when in a standing posiwww.swatmag.com




tion. I asked about this as contact shots with a semi-auto pistol can result in the weapon coming out of battery and being incapable of ring. Williams explained that in his experience, assailants would recoil from the muzzles contact when it is pressed in, allowing the pistol to return to battery and then the shot(s) can be made. He said there was one instance where the assailant did not recoil from the muzzle contact, but that happened because the suspect was in a corner, down on the oor and was unable to move away from the muzzle. He continued saying that the contact shots were superior to a retention shooting position because there are too many misses from the retention position. However, every time Williams demonstrated this, he used the old Speed Rock stance, rather than the Retention position. Our rearms program has three issues with the Speed Rock for defensive shooting. First, you are putting yourself offbalance; by leaning back you are adopting a submissive posture and are not able to deliver force forward effectively. Second, I have seen an unfortunate tendency for shooters in training to overextend the handgun towards the threat when shooting in this manner, rather than locking it in against their body. Third, the Retention position gives a body indexa spot on the shooters body where they know the weapon goesthat aids in getting rounds onto the target. The Speed Rock has no reference or index pointthat may contribute to the misses Williams referenced. This class was a pre-requisite for Cutting Edges three-day Train the Trainer class. I did not attend it but our DT instructors did. Hopefully, this material will work its way into the departments training in the near future. The eight hours I spent in the class were well worth the time and the $159 tuition. I have physical skill sets to practice in preparation for the event I need to employ my knife to defend my life. I have an appreciation of the amount of articulation required to justify their use which, regardless of why, will likely have to be over and above other methods or weapons. I also have documentation of training in the appropriate use of this weapon should I need it. www.swatmag.com
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or unique to a large number of people, in a reasonable amount of time, and under controlled conditions. Keep in mind that the quality of the report has a lot to do with the credibility of the reporter. Over the past thirty-plus years I have had the opportunity to use or observe a great number of pistols, ries, carbines, SMGs, shotguns and crew-served weapons being used under difcult circumstances to make me wonder if the latest blaster featured in any magazine actually had any real connection to what I have seen in use. Determining the quality of any mass production weapon is impossible unless you are willing to test many over a long period of time. Specically, while at Gunsite I get to see what students bring and exactly what does or does not function, and if the latter, why not. The results often dont match the advertisements. Although I have never owned a custom pistol, I have put rounds through a great num-

below: The CMC with the Scallop (left) and Kimber with the golf balls. Both pistols have the Simonich Gunner Grips. The Chuck Rogers executed treatment provides purchase without tearing up your hands. (Caveat with normal hands. If you are a violin tuner or massage therapist you may want to consider something else.)

left: Gunsites Student Coordinator (and IDPA Ladies Champion) Sara Dunivin with the CMC gun.


ll admit to being a little perplexed when S.W.A.T. publisher Rich Lucibella contacted me about doing this story. While I have carried a gun for most of my life, they have usually been box stock as issued, or at most, slightly modied (as in my carry gun). The reasons are obvious. Few organizations can afford the initial cost or upkeep for what sometimes may be a very temperamental piece of iron. While I understand that magazines run stories about a single weapon in order to satisfy the readers curiosity, I never really liked that approach for the simple reason that one, ve, or even twenty articles may not be a sufcient statistical sample upon which to base a decision. However, magazines do not have the budgets, time or other necessary resources to truly test great numbers of each and every product; so they employ the best available method to give information about something new

above: The CMC on the left has a modied S&A mag well, while the Kimber has a standard mainspring housing. Either one will work well, providing you know how to execute a proper reload.

ber of them. Some were very pretty, but didnt function reliably enough to cause any lust. Lately, however, I have had the opportunity to shoot several custom 1911s that were also very functional, including pistols built by masters such as Chuck Rogers, Ned Christiansen, Larry Vickers and recently, Hilton Yam. Hilton and I have been talking regularly over the years. He is an active law enforcement ofcer in the Sunshine State (working SWAT) and has a pretty fair understanding of what a working pistol should be. Not surprisingly, his idea as to what he liked to carryand build for otherspretty generally matched what I thought might be a cool guy gun. Hilton was interested in what went into the thought process behind the Kimber ICQB that I specd for a unit, and we realized that we were pretty much on the same sheet of music. Specically, while Hilton is a perfectionist and capable of turning out a high art pistol that is physwww.swatmag.com


The Kimber with the X200 light (top) and the CMC with the SureFire Military Light.

ically breathtaking in appearance, he feels that his most worthwhile contribution to the user community is to build a serious working gun that is well thought out from every possible angle. As Hilton says, Carrying one daily on the job has given me a different outlook on the guns. When I build a tactical gun it is good to go because I draw the concepts from my current and evolving experience. There are a large number of people who advertise themselves as gunsmiths. As it is on the training side of the house, some are very experienced and have actually done things, and some are no more than parts changers and cash transfer expeditors. A sad fact of life is that some gunsmiths truly dont have a clue as to how and why a gun is used. Unfortunately I have witnessed this rsthand over a period of years. While Hilton eschews the word tactical (my favorite oxymoron is tactical black) that is exactly the type of gun that www.swatmag.com

he builds. Specically, and based on his experience as a SWAT operator, he understands the absolute requirement for a weapon mounted light on a secondary gun. To that end he has conducted a fair amount of research on those lights that are useful for service, and the rails necessary to mount them. He has a close relationship with SureFire, the easy leader in the combat light arena, and is wired tightly into that loop. The information that he has collected is available on his web site and Tactical Forums, where he moderates several interesting forums. Hilton credits Larry Vickers as having the biggest and most signicant inuence on his career. Larry helped me understand what makes the guns work, and taught me about attention to detail. Small wonder, as Larry is a real deal shooter as well as being a true master in the gun makers art. What sealed the deal for me was the fact that fellow Gunsite Instructor and

Downey, California cop Tim Lau let me shoot his Hilton-built Signature Grade gunthe one he carries on duty. Tims gun isnt prettyin fact, it is well worn. It is utterly reliable and accurate way beyond my meager ability. I made some demands (although Rich and Hilton probably thought of them as recommendations). I asked for two pistols, and that I keep them for a reasonable amount of timesix weeks. Hilton graciously agreed and shortly thereafter I received two pistols: a Kimber TLE/RL II and one built on a Chip McCormick frame/slide. Both pistols are what Hilton terms 10-8 packages, or working grade guns. I carried the CMC for the entire time, and Yavapai County Deputy Sheriff Ben Lenett took the Kimber. After we ran a number of rounds through them I passed them on to some students so that I could get another opinion as well as observe the gun under what might be construed as trying conditions.
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ing spherical cuts (golf balls) into the front strap and mainspring housing. This matches exactly the Simonich Gunner Grips that Hilton is standardizing on his guns. Chucks treatment of the front strap and mainspring housing is nothing short of terric. I watched Chuck mill the golf balls into a frame, and there is a lot of work involved. After putting a bunch of rounds downrange, Ill tell you that I like this application a lot. (Yes, Chuck, you were rightas usual.) Hilton thoughtfully toned down the points a tad as this pistol is already sold to one who can be describedat the current timeas a suit. (Sorry, Dave, but you cant sue me for libel.) The front sight is dovetailed and roll pinned. This sight wont part company from the slide as so many others I have seen. The rear sight is a Heinie Slant Pro, though further dehorned. Like Hilton, I have strong beliefs regarding lanyards, and consider them necessary for maritime and high angle operations. The current mainspring housing/lanyard loop is unchanged since it was introduced on the original Pistol, caliber .45, M1911. Hilton felt that it lacked the elegance one should expect from a custom gun. He took a standard MSH and recessed the lanyard loop into it. The lanyard loop is neatly out of the way vice being stuck out of the bottom. (The only downside to this is that you cant open beer bottles with it.) The loop is set up specically for the Gemtech TRL, which is a very good thing. The TRL is an issue piece, and has a built in eighty-pound breakaway feature. [Editors Note: Gemtech was recently issued a National Stock Number for the TRL. For those wishing to order it through their chain of command, the number is 8465-01-522-5352.] The trigger includes a xed overtravel stop which eliminates problems with wandering overtravel screws. The trigger breaks at a crisp four pounds, no creep and smooth. Very smooth. Some may question why the triggers are not set lighter, especially in a world of so very light triggers on competition guns. And therein lies the answer. Guns for games are exactly that. Shooters who are assigned to military or police special www.swatmag.com

After his carbine choked on poor quality frangible ammunition, Hugo Teufel III transitions to the Hilton Yam Kimber 10-8 at a Gunsite carbine class.

Hilton makes three different types of pistols. The 10-8 is his basic carry gun. The Signature Grade is his high-end pistol, and the Old School is a retro 1911 that is very appealing. The two tested pistols are 10-8s, though each is differentas is proper for custom guns. Magazines were included with both pistols. They are hand built, one at a time, from a selection of custom and modied commercial components. The magazine tube is rigid with solid feed lips that resist spread and deformation under constant load. The follower is steel and has sufcient clearance around the sides so that dirt can get around the rising follower. The spring is of moderate tension, roughly the same as a stock seven-round issue magazine, and is not an extra power spring. You might ask why a custom magazine is necessary. Great question, but a magazine is the feed device for the pistol and Hilton felt that a custom pistol requires nothing less.


The Kimber was set up for SWAT or duty use by someone who wants more than a factory gun can deliver. The frame was produced specically for Hilton by the Kimber Custom Shop and did not have the usual front strap checkering. I have long been opposed to checkering on a working gun. Though aesthetically pleasing to some, almost every student

that I have seen at the pistol classes at Gunsite has wound up with raw and bloody hands by Training Day three. (This is especially ironic as sharp checkering is often touted as being necessary for positive purchase in the event your hands are wet or bloody. I have used my M1911A1 when my hands were lubricated with both. I dont recall it being an issue, but then again I didnt know any better at the time.) Once the paws start hurting, concentration goes rapidly down the tubes, and the priority shifts from learning to avoiding more pain. I actually had a fty-year-old engineer quit a 250 class on Tuesday morning because, as he stated through his tears, I didnt know it would hurt so much. I am tired of bleeding. Granted, this was an exceptional case of misguided expectations, but you get the drift. Many students wind up with bandages on their hand, moleskin and/or riggers tape on their hands, pistols or both. That beautiful checkering doesnt look real pretty when covered in moleskin. Last year Chuck Rogers advised me that he had an alternative to checkering that would enhance grippability (dont use that word while playing Scrabble; I just made it up) while reducing abrasion on hands and clothing. As Hilton subcontracts some of his machining to Chuck (as well as EGW) I was denitely interested. This alternative is mill-




operations will use gloves as per their SOP. That glove reduces, to a signicant degree, the sensitivity of the nger. The reality is that the weight of the trigger is not as important as how smooth it is. The hammer and sear are from Cylinder and Slide, chosen because he feels that they make excellent components and hold a great trigger job for a long time. In order to make it easier for a shooter wearing gloves, the magazine catch is slightly oversized. It certainly makes it easier to access, and posed no problems for any of the shooters. The Grip Safety is a Smith & Alexander piece, blended to the frame and dehorned. The rear of the safety is shortened to reduce snag. Hilton prefers the CMC grip safety, but due to the Series 2 passive safety on the Kimber, his choices are limited. The ambidextrous safety is a Kings item, the right side of which is similar to the Kimber ICQB ambi-safety designed by Izhak at the Kimber Custom Shop. The right side lever is not dependent on the grips to hold it in. Kimber includes a full-length guide rod, though Im not sure why. It was promptly replaced with a standard length Ed Brown part. The stock slide stop, with a .198-inch pin was replaced with a .200 EGW to ensure a more solid lockup. Kimbers Series 2 ring pin safety and external extractor are kept as is. I am not fond of the additional safety, but Hilton feels that it works as advertised, though it makes reassembling the gun a threehanded operation with the potential for loss of parts in the eld. Not surprisingly, Hilton has strong feelings about dehorning. Having the gun in exposed and concealed carry for extended periods gives me lots of time to notice little edges and corners that bug me. The dehorning is extremely thorough and well executedall by hand. Hilton does his own nishing in-house, in this case, Duracoat over Parkerizing. He feels that for a working gun, this nish gives ample protection while making renishing easier down the line. The pistol is marked 10-8 on the right front dust cover. (The Signature Grade guns have the Chinese block stamp of Yam on the dust cover.) www.swatmag.com
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 63


As this is a rail gun, we ran a new SureFire X200 on the Kimber, and it performed exactly as I would expect a SureFire light to performwith excellence. at the sides of the hood and top of the radial lug recess. Zero tolerance is neato for game guns, but the reality is that you lose little practical accuracy with clearances for dirt. CMC LIGHT RAIL This matches my experience exactly. I Hilton states that he pulled together have seen a number of pistols show up ideas from various existing 1911 tactical at school that have been advertised as guns (to include the ICQB), with an embeing able to shoot groups that are minphasis on ease of production as well as ute. And they probably wouldif the practicality for eld use, though this gun gun didnt stop working as soon as it got does have a number of elaborate custom hot and dirty. features. He wanted to have the gun set Hilton states that this pistol will shoot up for all environments and missions, to 1.5 inches at twenty-ve yards with miliinclude plainclothes, maritary ball. Ill conrm that. It time, high angle and so will shoot that good all day forth. In short, he wanted long. It possesses signicantit to be able to complement ly more intrinsic accuracy exactly what he does. than I am capable of. Hilton used the CMC I kept the guns for six frame/rail as it is one of weeks, including four weeks his most preferred vendors while teaching an Intermedidue to their readiness to ate Pistol and three Carbine cooperate with law enclasses at Gunsite. During forcement. that time I red almost 3,000 The Smith & Alexanrounds of ball through the der magazine well was CMC gun. Ben Lenett and trimmed down so that it Hugo Teufel III put 1,600 could be used for plainrounds through the Kimber. clothes work. The lanyard I didnt clean the CMC unloop was again recessed til I had reached 2,000 rounds. and tucked up and out of The northern Arizona winds the way. Before running were blowing and, coupled this gun, I was unconwith the normal low humidivinced that a magazine ty, a lot of ne sand migrated well was necessary for tacinto everything. This was estical use, and couldnt recpecially evident if you were The Kimber (left) has a modied mainspring housing, while the within ten yards of the berm. oncile the lanyard loop proCMC has a modied S&A mag well. Note how it is trimmed down, truding from the bottom of I did, however, keep it lubed permitting soft clothes carry. The lanyard is the TRL by Gemtech. If you a Smith & Alexander mag with Slip 2000 as necessary, need a lanyard, this is the one to get. well as it would interfere and replaced the buffer every with plainclothes carry. (Note that the that is supplied by Dawson Precision. thousand rounds. This is not something Springeld Armory Professional Model Hilton machined sand cuts in the that I would normally do, but I was cutested briey by Det 1 had exactly that. frame and slide as an experiment, but he rious to see if the sand cuts really did See The Marines New MCSOCOM Pistol, states that, until someone pays me work. After I reached the 2,000 round S.W.A.T., Dec. 2003.) Obviously I am to do destructive testing on this I dont mark I disassembled the pistol and let it having a paradigm shift here, but that is know exactly what it will do except that soak in a tank of Slip 2000, gave it a good what evolution is about. it will allow the gun to run pretty dirty scrubbing, and replaced the recoil spring Rather than the golf balls on the front without affecting slide travel at all. and buffer. strap and mainspring housing, Chuck The nish is Gunkote over ParkerThe fact remains that the pistol did not Rogers executed scallopssort of elon- izing from Texas Armament. It is very stutter once. There were no malfunctions gated golf balls. This provides good pur- hard and wears well. at all. Every time I pressed the trigger, the chase without unnecessarily abrading The CMC Match barrel is cleanly t, pistol went bang and cycled correctly. hands, clothes, car seats and such. It is with contact at the bushing and end of Without having a sophisticated testvery nice. the hood, at ten and two oclock on the ing protocol, there is no way that I could The CMC is otherwise set up like the rear radial lug recess, and on the bot- prove or disprove that the sand cuts Kimber, with these exceptions. tom of the lower lugs. Clearance exists were useful. Nothing succeeds like sucIt has the makers mark of Yam stamped on the dust cover. While this is normally reserved for his Signature Grade gun, this is his personal gun and hey, he did build it. The light rail is a Dawson Precision item, both screwed in and silver soldered. We have this same rail on the ICQB, and it is nothing short of outstanding. Though not a 1913 rail, it is small and unobtrusive, and if the light is removed the gun will t in most holsters. Lights made for the 1913 rail require an interface to mate with the Dawson rail, and





cess of course, but running a gun that long without cleaning is not something that is necessary or recommended. The Kimber had three malfunctions early on, all tracked to one specic magazine. Once that magazine was removed from the queue, there were no more malfunctions. The Kimber was cleaned more regularly as Ben carried it on duty, and Hugo carried it during an advanced carbine class. My experience at Gunsite has been that many high-end production 1911s do not tolerate a course as well as the basic models made by the same company. There are many factors contributing to this, a great number of which have nothing to do with the manufacturer. My frame of reference has therefore been that spending more for a particular gun may not always be benecial for the average person. I still feel that way. Equipment, no matter how much money you throw into it, is no substitute for skill, and skill can only be acquired through formal training. A custom pistol is not necessary for everyone, but it can be benecial for those who can use it. Of course, want and need are two different things. Just dont expect a great gun to make you a better ghterit wont. I treated these guns hard. I shot them a lot, day and night, with a variety of ammunition. I shot them way past when they should have been cleaned. I put lube on top of grit, and they kept on running. In short, I treated them pretty much like I do my own guns. After spending a fair amount of time running Hiltons pistols through the mill, and a lot of time talking to him and those who carry his guns, I understand his philosophy that reliability is the priority. Reliability is paramount and must never be compromised, but in the case of these pistols that reliability is enhanced. It is the attention to detail that sets these pistols apart from the many others. [Pat Rogers is a retired Chief Warrant Ofcer of Marines and a retired NYPD Sergeant. He has been a Rangemaster at Gunsite since 1993, and is currently the Owner of E.A.G. Inc., which provides services to various governmental organizations. He can be reached at patrogers3@juno.com.]
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S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 65

Any magazine which will work with AR-15 ries will work with the SU-16.

oncerns of possible terrorist attacks in the continental United States have given rise to much talk about bug out scenarios from work or even from home. Similar concerns may include natural disasters or neighborhood violence causing people to ee the area. Related concerns involve subsequent trafc gridlock due to panic; re, ood or earthquake damage; government interference with free movement; etc. Not since the survivalist movements of the late 70s and early 80s have I heard so many people talking about being prepared to take personal responsibility for their safety. And while none of the above scenarios are likely, they are possible and it never hurts to be prepared. I know many people who keep a bug out kit in their vehicles, at home or both. These kits run the gamut from

very simple to elaborate. Most kits include the basics such as water, food, a good knife or two and rst aid supplies. They also usually include a weapon of some kind with extra ammunition. If you envision circumstances where the manure hits the oscillator, careful consideration should be given to the weapon chosen for the task. While a .308 battle rie with a dozen loaded twentyround magazines may be comforting, it is improbable that one would have to ght off an organized enemy with vastly superior numbersnot to mention that the weight involved could probably be used for more necessary items. Getting to your destination while attracting as little attention as possible would be a better game plan. To my way of thinking the weapon should be relatively light and compact, but still have enough power to protect yourself and loved ones. I have


been evaluating what just might be the ideal rie for the jobKel-Tecs SU-16. The Kel-Tec SU-16 is a gas operated, semiautomatic rie chambered for the ubiquitous .223 Remington cartridge. Several unique features make this arm versatile for both sporting and self-defense purposes. The rst and most obvious of these features is that the rie literally folds in half for transport or storage. While this may not be a major point for some, those who need a rie in a very compact package will appreciate it very much. This may include hikers, pilots or anyone for whom space and weight is at a premium. When folded, the rie measures a mere 26.4 inches. For comparison, this www.swatmag.com



When folded, the SU-16 is very compact, making it well suited for applications where space is at a premium.


Manufacturer Model Type Caliber Weight Length Open Length Folded Barrel Length Capacity Other Suggested Retail Kel-Tec CNC Industries, Inc. SU-16 Gas operated, semiautomatic .223 Remington (5.56mm) 5 lbs. 37.4 inches 26.4 inches 18.4 inches (1:9 twist) Ten rounds with supplied magazines Will accept standard AR-15 magazines $640.00

left: The SU-16 and -16B will be available in NATO-green, desert beige and black. below, from left to right: The two ten-round magazines that come with the rie are held in the stock. A standard AR-15 20 or 30-round magazine can also be held in the stock. The upper and lower receivers are held together with a pin which is reminiscent of those used on Remington trigger groups.

is shorter than some shotgun barrels. The weight is kept to a minimum (ve pounds) by using a high-impact polymer in all parts except the barrel, bolt and ring mechanism. To fold the rie, simply remove the pin that goes through the upper and lower receivers. The pin resembles the smaller trigger group pin found on Remington shotguns and ries. It is held in place by a spring in the upper receiver. When folded, the barrel snaps into a U shaped notch at the bottom of the recoil pad. The takedown pin is then inserted into the hole in the upper receiver for storage. At this point the rie is one hundred percent safe for storage, as the trigger group folds into the magazine well. Even though it is possible to leave a round in the chamber in this condition (not recommended), the rie cannot be www.swatmag.com

red as there is no way that the hammer can reach the ring pin. On the top of the rie is an integrated mounting rail. Although Kel-Tec refers to it as a Picatinny rail, it is probably better described as a Weaver or Universal rail. Some accessories designed for the M1913 rail, such as a Leupold Mark 4 CQ/T Flat Top Mounting Bracket, do not t on the SU-16. Still, the rail allows the end user to mount different types of optics on the rie. The forend on the SU-16 is a two-piece setup. By simultaneously pulling two latches found on either side toward the rear, the forend folds forward to become a bipod. For those who do a lot of shooting from the prone position, this is a really slick feature. Lastly, the SU-16 uses spring-loaded detents to securely hold two, supplied, ten-round magazines in the stock. One

20-round or one 30-round AR-15 magazine (both of which are fully compatible with the SU-16) may be inserted instead of the two, ten-round mags. Onboard ammo is a good thing. The rear sight is a plastic aperture that can be removed if so desired, and can be adjusted forward or rearward on the rail for extreme elevation changes. The front sight is a uorescent pink blade, adjustable for windage and elevation, and is protected by a hood. A crossbolt-type safety is located at the rear of the trigger guard. Pushing the button to the right places the rie on safe. A red ring (indicating re) on the safety button is visible when the button is pushed to the left. Directions in the accompanying manual will let an owner reverse this if desired. The magazine release is on the right side of the rie and is not ambidextrous.
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 67

The SU-16 uses a conventional gas piston design. The breech locking system and the way the bolt ts into the carrier are reminiscent of the M16. Following the clear instructions in the manual, I found disassembly straightforward and easy. was to reach under the rie (after a fresh magazine had been inserted) and slap the bolt to the rear with my weak hand while maintaining a ring grip with my dominant hand. Ammunition used in the evaluation consisted of 400 rounds of Black Hills 55-grain FMJ loads and 100 rounds of International Cartridge Corporations 42grain non-toxic frangible. Both of these offerings, based on prior experience, are quality loads. Upon ring the rie, slight changes were made to the front sight so the point of aim would coincide with the point of impact. Initial zeroing was performed at fty yards. Brass ejected about ve feet away at the two oclock position. From the kneeling position at fty yards groups averaged right at three inches with the factory sights. The rudimentary SU-16 sights are acceptable for most uses; however, to determine the SU-16s accuracy, I used Warne Maxima Series High Mount, quick detachable scope mount and rings to mount a 1.5-4X Bushnell Turkey scope. Using crosshairs with a circle at the center, the scope has smaller crosshairs within the circle for more precise shooting. I commented years ago when the Turkey scope was rst introduced that Bushnell should rename this the Tactical Patrol scopeI still think they should. Fifty-yard groups with the scope mounted shrank to 1-1/2 inches. This is not a precision target rie, but one hundred-fty feet is not exactly point blank range and groups like this are more than capable of putting meat in the pot or for self-defense purposes. One hundred yard groups, red from the sitting position, averaged 4-1/2 inches with the scope. Not too surprisingly, when the bipod was deployed the rie red high due to the increased pressure applied on the gas tube/barrel to which it is attached. While the general group size stayed the same, the test rie shot three inches high at fty and eight inches high at one hundred yards when red prone and using the bipod. This is not unusual, and is the reason I warn shooters not to zero a rie off a bench or a bipod, and expect to hit point of aim from eld positions. All of the above shooting was performed using the Black Hills ammunition and paper targets. I now switched over to the ICC frangible rounds and steel targets to see if I could get the SU-16 to malfunction while very hot. Three, 30-round GI magazines were loaded with 28 cartridges. The remaining sixteen rounds were loaded into a twenty-round mag. Starting at the fty-yard line, I walked slowly toward the steel targets, ring numerous ve to six round non-standard responses, reloading and repeating the drill until the contents of all four magazines had been depleted. This took less than two minutes. At the end of the exercise the rie, as would be expected, was very hot and took almost a halfhour to cool down. I later enlisted the help of my son Flint who repeated the basic exercise using two 30-round magazines loaded with Black Hills ammo on paper targets. Whether slow re or rapid re with numerous magazines, the SU-16 never missed a beat. Not a single malfunction was experienced in the ve hundred round evaluation.

The supplied polymer magazines, as expected, did not fall free when the magazine release was activated. This is a double-edged sworda bad thing if youre attempting a speed reload, but a good thing if youre walking through the woods and accidentally depress the magazine release. However, Kel-Tec thoughtfully designed a U shaped notch on either side of the magazine well to enable the user to grasp the magazine and easily withdraw it. Both twenty and thirty-round USGI magazines used in the evaluation fell freely from the mag well. I found that the best way to keep a loaded thirty-round magazine on the rie was as follows: Grasp the rie around the pistol grip with the right hand. With the left hand, grasp the magazine so that the visible rounds are toward the recoil pad, bullet tips pointing towards the stock. Insert the magazine into the stock and push upwards. I found that if I pushed the magazine all the way into the recess it could be difcult to remove, but if I left about an inch protruding it could be grasped, removed and inserted into the magazine well very quickly. While the magazine can be inserted with the visible rounds towards the trigger guard, the hand must be rotated to seat the magazine. Using the above method, and with only a few minutes practice, I could perform a reload of the SU-16 in under two seconds. (This method is for for right-handerssimply reverse it if youre a southpaw.) The bolt will stay open after the last shot is red, but there is no external bolt hold-open device. To release the bolt, either replace the expended magazine with one that is loaded and pull back and release the bolt, or remove the empty magazine and pull back and release the bolt. I found the easiest way for me to execute this stage of a combat reload

The only thing I did not especially care for with the SU-16 was the look of the screws that hold the two halves of the buttstock together. The use of Linear Vibration Weldingsuch as used on Steyr AUG and Cavalry Arms AR-15-type riesinstead of screws would improve the aesthetics of the rie. However, the high cost of such machinery would increase the price of the rie. Im a big believer in slings, and the SU16 has no provision for attaching one. I dont like leaving a weapon lying on the ring line while I walk downrange to score or replace targets and, sans a sling, replacing targets (or any other task) is hard to perform without laying the weapon on the deck. During the test I used a length of nylon webbing and attached it around the pistol grip area with duct tape for an improvised single-point sling. Kel-Tec has shown great ingenuity in the design of the SU-16, and I have no doubt they will come up with a way to attach a sling in the future. Just before this issue went to press www.swatmag.com



we were advised that the Kel-Tec SU-16B, shown in prototype form at the 2004 SHOT Show, is now in production and shipping will start in mid-August. The Bravo model retains all the features of the original SU-16, such as integrated bipod, rail and folding stock with magazine storage. The Bravo, however, has a lighter and shorter barrel (approximately 16.1 inches). The rear sight is hard coat anodized aluminum and is adjustable for windage. The front sight, also aluminum, is removable and accepts standard M16 posts. The Bravo type sights can be purchased as a retrot for SU16 owners preferring the M16 system. The SU-16 and 16B will be available in NATOgreen, desert-beige, and black. The SU-16 is a very handy little carbine. If the test sample is indicative of all SU-16s, it is also extremely reliable. If you need a rie that is capable of the much talked about (but seldom seen) one-inch, hundred yard groups this is not it. If, however, you need a weapon to t in a small area such as behind the seat of a truck, the cockpit of an aircraft or possibly even to take hiking, youll want to check out the SU-16.

Kel-Tec CNC Industries, Inc. Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 236009 Cocoa, FL 32923 (800) 515-9953 www.kel-tec.com Black Hills Ammunition Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 3090 Rapid City, SD 57709-3090 (605) 348-5150 www.black-hills.com Bushnell Sports Optics Dept. S.W.A.T. 9200 Cody Overland Park, KS 66214 (913) 752-3433 FAX (913) 752-3570 www.bushnell.com Warne Manufacturing Company Dept. S.W.A.T. 9057 SE Jannsen Road Clackamas, OR 97015 (503) 657-5590 www.warnescopemounts.com www.swatmag.com
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 69

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ith age comes nostalgia, and if youre not careful sometimes that can cloud your thinking. Thats what happened to me at a recent gun show. Most weekends will nd me at an Arizona gun show selling AR style ries and accessories. Seeing my wares, a man wearing sunglasses stopped and asked if I had any interest in buying his pre-ban AR upper. I gave the part a cursory look and told him that I really didnt need any more inventory, but when he offered to trade for parts I had on the table, I took another look at his upper. It was from an old A1 rie and had the original beavertail style handguards. Grasping the forend was like shaking

hands with an old friend. It was just like the one I had in the Marines twenty-some years ago. I lifted the upper and looked at the three-pronged ash hider, then tipped it back to study its forward assist. I pulled back on the charging handle and removed the bolt carrier assembly. The barrel looked darkdirty or corroded I couldnt tell. I really didnt need a pre-ban upper, but then I thought maybe I could make a post-ban, pre-ban-looking rie, by modifying the upper. Aside from the full auto feature, the gun would look very similar to the rie that was issued to me as a young Marine. The fellow in sunglasses walked away with his parts and left me with the old upper.

I spent the summer of 1982 in Quantico, Virginia, going through Marine Corps Ofcer Candidate School. Theres not much about the M16 rie that was issued to me that I dont rememberthe serial number, each nick and scar it bore and its balance learned by performing the manual of arms thousands of times. By the second week of training that rie had become a part of me and it wasnt until I held that old upper that I even realized I missed that M16A1.

When I brought the upper home and studied it in good light, I realized I had made a mistake. Maybe, just maybe, nostalgia had clouded my thinking. I discovered that the receiver had been www.swatmag.com



opposite page: The author was able to relive some pleasant memories by building a legal semi-auto version of the M16A1 he had as a young Marine. left and below: The author used a Dremel tool with a cutoff disk to remove the ears of the bayonet lug to make it postban legal.



painted and whoever did it certainly didnt take the time to do it properly. They had painted over the sights and forward assist. There were scratches, bare spots and runs that I hadnt been able to discern at the gunshow. I couldnt resell the upper in that condition in good conscience, and to build it into a complete rie would now require more effort than originally anticipated. I decided to go forward with the project and sell the rie for whatever I had in cost. I started by visiting my local hardware store and buying a bottle of paint remover, some brass bristle brushes and a heat gun. Setting the heat gun on low, I warmed the receiver to open all of the metals pores and then sprayed it with paint remover. The old paint bubbled immediately and was easy to scrape off with a disposable, plastic knife. It became clear why the owner had painted the upper receiver. On its left side was a large, gold colored spot where the anodizing had worn through and this was obviously what the paint job was supposed to cover.



Not that many years ago Brownells catalog was dominated by 1911 parts and accessories. Building 1911 pistols is a fun and rewarding way for many shooters to customize their own guns and page after page was devoted to the pistol. My current catalog still has all of

the 1911 parts, but the number of pages devoted to AR-15 parts and accessories now easily outnumber the 1911 pages. I wanted to do the renish job right this time and that would entail completely disassembling the rie. I ordered one of the Upper Receiver Action Blocks by Peace River. Made from a super high strength polymer that is impervious to solvents, the Action Block will accommodate carry handle and at top receivers without marring their nish. The block comes with an insert to support the receiver internally and the entire unit is easily clamped into a bench vise. One of its most important features is that the torque generated when tightening the barrel nut is transferred to the
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 71



right: Young Manufacturing offers a postban compensator that can be welded to the barrel for use with a postban lower. below: Peace Rivers upper receiver action block, available from Brownells, is made from a high strength polymer and protects the receiver during the barreling process.

block and not the receiver. If you anticipate ever having to change a barrel on an AR-15 youll need one of these action blocks. Trying to improvise without this accessory will likely ruin your expensive parts. I also ordered a DPMS AR-15 Multi Tool that can be used to install or remove a barrel, receiver extension, ash hider or buttstock screw. Its another tool that youll absolutely have to have if you work on AR-15 ries. To renish the receiver I ordered a can

of Brownells Teon/Moly Oven Cure Gun Finish Dark Parkerizing Gray and a can of a lighter color Parkerizing Gray. Re-anodizing aluminum parts can be very expensive and results are not always worth the efforts. The Brownells aerosol nish doesnt require any special tools and can be applied by just about anyone with an iota of patience. Among its attributes is that it is nearly impervious to chemicals and solvents and the Teon particles contained in the nish provide a certain amount of lubricity.

A shallow box is recommended to contain the lower receiver parts during the assembly process.

Brownells offers the nish in black, gray, olive drab and earth brown. While I waited for my Brownells order to arrive I gured that I could get started on modifying the upper to comply with the postban laws. It is legal to put a postban upper on a preban lower (a serial numbered lower manufactured prior to the passage of the 1994 Crime Bill). However, preban receivers often generate prices that put them out of the reach of all but the serious collectors. The alternative that I chose was to modify the preban upper to legal postban conguration and combine it with a postban lower. [Editors note: This was written shortly before the expiration of the referenced law.] There are two no-nos on postban ARsash hiders and bayonet lugs. (Yes, I know, it doesnt make sense but somehow it became law.) One of these parts can be easily modied while the other is best replaced to comply with this law. I used a Dremel tool with a cut-off disk to remove the ears from the bayonet lug. It took about 15 minutes and I was careful to cut the parts evenly. While some will just grind off the bayonet lug completely, cutting the ears off of the bayonet lug renders it unusable yet still provides the preban prole that I was trying to achieve. My next step was to replace the ash hider. Flash hiders are designed to rewww.swatmag.com




duce the muzzle signature of weapons when red at night so as not to reveal a soldiers position. Stealth is their real value and supposedly only really bad guns would have such a nefarious feature. Compensators on the other hand do not arrest muzzle ash and sometimes even accentuate it. Their purpose is to keep the muzzle down during shooting and the good folks that drafted the Crime Bill apparently didnt have a problem with compensators. I contacted Dan Young at Young Manufacturing and obtained one of his postban compensators. Its threads match those of the ash hider so it is a simple matter to screw the compensator on. Once the comp has been timed and is in place a center punch is used to mark the threads through a hole in its bottom. The compensator is then removed and a shallow hole drilled into the threads. The comp is then reattached and the setscrew tightened into the threads. Now heres the part that you must absolutely complete to be legal. Take the upper to someone that welds and have them weld the setscrew in place. My welder not only welded over the edges of the screw but also put a glob of weld in the center of the screw rendering it useless to an allen wrench. The goal here is to permanently attach the part. Using one of the popular epoxies just wont doyou need to weld it. Once completed, I dressed the top of the screw down so it would not be so noticeable. I took my barreled receiver to a gunsmith friend of mine who allowed me to use his bead blasting cabinet. After fteen minutes both the receiver and barrel possessed a nice even matte surface and I was ready to renish them. There were aluminum bleachers along the asphalt grinder that seemed to stretch on for miles. While we drilled every afternoon, the occasional veteran would take a seat and gleefully watch our misery. Every once in a while our drill instructor would halt the platoon, always near the bleachers, and dress us down for our various infractions. This would elicit a knowing grin from the vets. I secretly resented them nding humor in our pain. It wasnt until much later that I realized that these old Leathernecks were reliving their own memories that they www.swatmag.com



S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 73


had tucked away long ago. Invariably wed be cornered on liberty by some old salt that wanted to tell us about their time in the Crotch. While many of the memories shared were not particularly good ones, there always seemed to be a glint of envy in their eyes, perhaps reminded what it was like to be young, strong and invincible. I pledged to myself that I would never become a teller of tales, a man past his prime reliving old memories at the expense of kids that were just too polite not to offer a chair to an old Jarhead. I was full of youthful arrogance. Right shoulder arms. Forward march... ship gray. Fortunately I had the can of Dark Parkerizing Gray handy and did the second coat with it. The color was exactly what I was trying to achievea matte dark gray color that looks very much like what the military uses on their weapons. To cure the parts I put them in the oven and heated them to 300 degrees for thirty minutes. Youll want to make some xtures before you start renishing so you can hang the parts in the oven rather than let them sit on a piece of foil that will leave a mark. I used paperclips and twine to suspend the parts while they cured in the oven. been able to warm to the A2 style with the protruding nger hook.

For the lower receiver, I purchased an Eagle Arms stripped lower. Manufactured by Armalite, the part is machined from a forging and hard coat anodized. Along with the lower, I ordered a parts set that includes everything needed to complete the lower receiver with the exception of receiver extension (buffer tube), buffer and buffer spring. If youre building a gun from parts, like I did for this project, it is important you use parts from a known source. The price of a new parts kit is negligible in the overall scheme of things and it will make assembly of your rie much easier. I printed out instructions for assembly of the lower receiver parts from AR15.coms website. I have found this site an invaluable resource over the last couple years. Carefully following the instructions, I had the lower assembled in about forty-ve minutes and experienced no problems. Before reassembling the barrel to the receiver I used the opportunity to scrub the barrel with a stainless steel bore brush and ran a number of patches through the bore soaked in solvent. Much to my relief the bore looked clean and shiny when nished. To reassemble the barrel to the receiver I had to pull the pins on the front sight assembly and pull it forward so the gas tube wouldnt get in the way during reassembly. This left some marks on the barrel and they bothered me enough that I used some of the Teflon/Moly aerosol to touch up the spot following the procedures listed above. Reassembling the ejection port door and spring turned out to be a real patience-tester but I persevered by using some drill rod to help align the parts while driving in the pin. The rear sight also proved to be a pain in the neck, www.swatmag.com

Brownells recommends washing the FURNITURE parts to be renished with trichloroethI wanted my rie to have the comane (TCE). It is a heavy-duty solvent that plete A1 look and not be a mismatch will remove any surface oil that might of old and modern rie furniture. The otherwise ruin the Teon/Moly nish. problem was nding an A1 stock and Wait until youre ready to renish the pistol grip that were serviceable. Again parts as the TCE dries parts out quickly I turned to DPMS. They have an A1 Reand if they sit for any amount of time the hab kit that includes the stock, pistol steel parts will rust. grip, ash hider and delta ring. All of Being divorced, I had the luxury of the parts were used but in good shape, being able to warm the parts to be ren- and I was surprised by just how affordished in the kitchen oven. Brownells suggests that parts be heated to 110 degrees before spraying and I kept my heat gun handy just in case some unforeseen delay might allow the parts to cool off. With the parts properly prepared and warmed, I started with the Parkerizing Gray spray and lightly misted the parts until I had Parts were bead blasted and degreased a nice even-colored before the nish was applied. nish. After spraying the parts I used the heat gun with the setting on low to lightly warm the parts able these parts were. After washing the before setting them aside. Brownells rec- furniture in my dish washer and then ommends waiting a half hour between hosing them down with brake cleaner to coats of the aerosol nish. remove any lingering oils, I used a can I renished all of the upper parts as of matte black spray paint and lightly well as the stripped lower that I was go- coated the parts until they looked new. ing to mate it to before I realized that the Ive always felt more comfortable with color was just too lightkind of a battle the A1 style pistol gripIve just never





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because the pin that captures the adjustment wheel is so small that it was difcult to align the parts and insert them. Other than that, I really didnt run into any problems that couldnt be quickly solved. I loaded a thirty-round magazine with some old 55-grain ammo that I had on hand and headed for the range. Shouldering the familiar feeling rie with its A1 stock and beavertail, I added the six pounds of pressure necessary to break the shot. Twenty-nine rounds later the bolt carrier locked to the rear just like its supposed tothere were no problems with feeding, extraction or ejection. It may have been my penchant for nostalgia or maybe just my inability to write off a substandard part that resulted in this postban, pre-ban-looking rie. More likely it is a result of a desire to revisit my pastthose cocky days spent in the service of my country. Despite my best intentions, I have become a teller of tales, a man past his prime trying to connect with his days of youth. Rather than sell this rie as I had originally planned I think that Ill just hold onto it. To the rear, March!

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Armalite, Inc. Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 299 Geneseo, IL 61254 (309) 944-6939 www.armalite.com Brownells, Inc. Dept. S.W.A.T. 200 South Front Street Montezuma, IA 50171-1000 (641) 623-4000 www.brownells.com DPMS/Panther Arms Dept. S.W.A.T. 13983 Industry Avenue Becker, MN 55308 (800) 578-3767 www.dpmsinc.com Young Manufacturing, Inc. Dept. S.W.A.T. 5621 N. 53rd Avenue Glendale, AZ 85301 (623) 915-3889 www.swatmag.com





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hroughout the history of conict there has been a need for professionals who possessed specialized martial skills traditionally gained through hard years of military service. Now, as much as anytime before, those special men with special skills have been called up to duty in a time of worldwide war against terrorist factions and extremists committed to disrupting and destroying free nations that embrace democracy and all the freedoms that men and women have fought and died to protect and preserve. Due to the current climate and our role in the global war against terror, our Special Operations professionals are maxed out all over the globe on multiple fronts. This condition has created a denite problem in meeting the ever-increasing demands of security in recent successful U.S. and British led coalition efforts to remove outlaw regimes of the Taliban in Afghanistan and Saddam Hussein


from Iraq. Our efforts in removing these fascist/terrorist regimes have come at a cost, but ask any Soldier, Sailor, Marine or Airman, they will remind you that freedom is not free, but its worth the price that has been paid in blood. Enter the independent contractor. The contractor role has traditionally been lled by former military special operations personnel but, as the aforementioned paragraph explained, the demand currently has exceeded the supply. The men working in these high risk areas possess the skills to adapt to rapidly changing situations, have the ability to think on their feet, work well with a team as well as independently, and make decisive decisions in a time of crisis. These are the traits that companies look for in hiring potential contractors for overseas work. Not surprisingly, these are the traits of Spec Ops personnel and most of them are already working overseas or on active duty deployment

in service of their respective countries or retired all together. This has created a lucrative opportunity for others possessing the desired traits required for this type of work. Many of the applicants for these companies are fresh out of the service from infantry units, as well as truck drivers, mechanics, medics and EOD personnel. A large inux of prospective contractors is now coming from the civilian law enforcement communitypatrol ofcers and especially SWAT. Due the nature of this potentially hazardous endeavor and the need for less experienced personnel to gain specic skill sets required for the job, a well known and respected Special Operations Training Company, Tactical Explosive Entry School (T.E.E.S. Enterprises) has recognized the need for this type of predeployment training that has become a pre-requisite for many companies interested in hiring employees for this type

Vehicle anti-ambush drill.




Team Vehicle anti-ambush drills.

of work. Many loyal readers of S.W.A.T. Magazine are familiar with TEES Director, Alan Brosnan. Alan Brosnan, now a naturalized U.S. citizen, served for twelve years in the Army of his native New Zealandten of which were spent in the Special Air Service. Before leaving the military and relocating to the U.S., Brosnan served as the Assault Group Commander responsible for the training of all counter-terrorist entry team personnel. Other assignments with that unit included Dignitary Protection and High Level Prisoner Control. Upon coming to the U.S., Brosnan was employed for two years as part of a large Protective Services Detail for a client on the west coast. Brosnan also served as an instructor for the U.S. State Department ATAP (Anti-Terrorism Assistance Program) and currently serves as a SWAT team leader for his county Sheriffs Ofce. The Tactical Explosive Entry School was founded in 1991 and Brosnan and his cadre of instructors have operated and instructed special operations skills worldwide. The TEES curriculum is widely known for its specialty skill of explosive breaching operations, but also www.swatmag.com

TEES Instructor Todd Taylor demonstrating a transition drill from primary to secondary weapons system.

conducts other courses such as Hostage Rescue/High Risk Warrant, Sniper/Observer, and Dignitary/Witness Protection. Recently TEES has been training U.S. Military personnel in Urban Operations prior to their deployment to Iraq, which led TEES to offer a course for civilian contract personnel called the High Risk Environment/Dignitary Protection Course. The HRE/Dignitary Protection course is a not a nuts and bolts How to Provide Protective Services course, but specically focuses on the skills required to conduct protective operations in HREs such as Afghanistan, Iraq or the Philippines.

This course was designed to provide the potential contractor with the necessary skills needed to apply with a company providing these services overseas. The class was an eclectic group made up mostly of several law enforcement SWAT ofcers, a former US. Army Ranger, an active duty U.S. Army engineer, an army reservist, two retired U.S. Marines (both with extensive overseas deployments to HREs), and myself, a police ofcer from the mid-west. All had some experience in protection work and a few had worked in High Risk Environments overseas. The course was conducted at the TEES
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 77

The instructions were clear and concise with no confusion about what we were to do. Students practiced drawing from concealment and were expected to train with the equipment they would likely be using operationally to include hard armor and cover garments. Students found out quickly if their kit was operationally friendly. Well into the morning we broke out the long guns, mostly M4s and AR-15s. After conrming our holdovers at close range we began aggressively engaging our targets, working on transitions, immediate action drills and stationary turns. Next we were taken into the Brosnan instructs the class classroom for a period of instrucon improvised explosive tion on the organization of an devices (IEDs). Escort Section. This included the Personal Protection Ofcer or Facility near Memphis, Tennessee in PPO, who is assigned the responsibility June 2004. The instructors for the course of close-in security of the principal, the were Alan and longtime TEES Instructor responsibilities of the Close Protection Todd Taylor. Todd recently retired from Team, the Perimeter Team and the Adthe Des Moines, Iowa Police Depart- vance Team. Each course of instruction ment, having served on the SWAT team was designed to build on the next. We for seventeen years. Many of his assign- soon found ourselves outside practicing ments included joint operations with foot formations to include the Diamond, U.S. Secret Service as well as reserve the Box, the V and Linear formations. duty for the Air National Guard where Walking in formations with our primary his responsibilities included dignitary weapon systems in a group presented a protection. Todd is also a U.S. State De- slight challenge at rst as Alan advised partment ATAP instructor and recently, us that it was critical to keep our strong along with Alan, was part of a State De- hand on the weapon at all times, keep partment sponsored mission to train the our heads up and continuously scan for protective personnel responsible for the threats. After a few repetitions we were security of high-ranking interim govern- soon working well together as a unit. ment ofcials in Afghanistan. All this, The rest of the day we practiced dealand the fact that Alan and Todd have ing with three types of threats: physical performed Dignitary Protection mis- assault, grenades and gunre from both sions to over twenty countries world- close range and sniper re. Body protecwide, provided the foundation for this tion drills were practiced as well as team courses curriculum. cover and evacuation drills. We nished Day One included introductions and the day with a period of instruction on background of instructors and students arrival and departure SOPs for a two-car and then it was straight to the pistol detail and a lecture on route selection range for some close quarter tactical and surveys. shooting drills. After reviewing the Day Two started off bright and early range safety rules Alan and Todd dem- with our newly divided teams actually onstrated weapons handling and admin- driving and performing a route reconistrative procedures that would be strict- naissance to our next training area, the ly adhered to throughout the remainder TEES Enterprises warehouse. After preof the course. Alans and Todds teaching senting our route selection reports we styles complemented each other well. got right into arrival and departure drills with all of the elements of the protective team and three vehicles. By mid morning we were on the road practicing vehicle convoy operations in and around Memphis. Todd gave a brief introduction on vehicle operations prior to our practical and provided some anecdotal advice on driving in densely populated areas like downtown Kabul and similar places. Proper route selection and good pre-planning are more important than Bootleg and J turns simply because the environment will not permit the room to execute these types of maneuvers. One very experienced operator attending the class had recently nished a long contract in Iraq and seconded Todds assertion. He also recommended to anyone planning on deploying to a high threat area that emergency driving procedures are a critical skill to possess when driving cross-country in these types of places. Having worked in the Middle East shortly after 9-11, I could attest to both assertions. We nished up day two with a Power Point presentation and debrief of Alan and Todds aforementioned Afghanistan deployment and lessons learned. At the conclusion of the training day our teams were assigned different venues to conduct advance surveys. Another full day of instruction down, but we still had work to do. Day Three started off with high enthusiasm just as the two days prior and by now all the participants were networking, talking tactics and discussing gear considerations among themselves. After presenting our advance surveys, conducted the night before, we were soon treated with a segment of Alan Brosnans bread and butter subject of explosives and the importance of understanding how improvised explosive devices (IEDs) workmainly because the weapon of choice for the terrorist insurgents in Iraq are roadside bombs. IEDs have been favored by terrorists since the invention of gunpowder and even the best-trained unit of operators is vulnerable to a bomb blast. This portion of the training was essential and the men were glued to their seats during the lecture. There is something about the deep thud of C4 plaswww.swatmag.com



tic explosives going high order that gets men excited. It must remind us of our childhood, lighting reworks on the Fourth of July. Needless to say, after the live explosives demonstration there wasnt one student without a smile on his face. The rest of the afternoon was highly motivating as we got busy with team re and maneuver drills with our primary weapons. The mantra, Shoot, Move, Communicate was certainly tting as speed and aggressiveness were emphasized by the instructors. We continued with contact drills and man-down drills from the le and column formations. Next came live-re vehicle anti-ambush drills. On the command, AMBUSH FRONT! We executed an anti-ambush drill by immediately engaging our threat(s) through the windshield, then moved under the cover of our mates, who had already dismounted the back seat and were now ring from a position of cover. We continued with side ambushes, shooting from moving vehicles and nished the training with vehicledown drills. Hoohya! What a day! All students graduated with all of their ngers and toes. TEES has always guaranteed realistic training, but never at the cost of sacricing safety. Alan has been heard often saying, We may have to take risks operationally, as that is the nature of the business, however we should never take unnecessary risks in training. TEES Enterprises has expanded their HRE/Dignitary Protection Course to a four-day format in order to spend more time on critical team tactics both on foot and in vehicles.

For those contemplating overseas contract opportunities, regardless of your previous experience, this type of training is an absolute must for your pre-deployment checklist.

T.E.E.S. Enterprises Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 1345 Southaven, MS 38671 (800) 950-8337 www.tees-training.com www.swatmag.com
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 79

The trainer now circles the trainee and prepares to grab and pull on the rearm when the trainee least expects it. Additional noises or other trainees can be used to make it difcult for the trainee to hear the trainer.

ost involuntary discharges are caused by what many trainers now refer to as the st reex. The st reex seems as natural to most humans as is the reex to inch, scream in pain or even urinate. Watch a baby cry and you will see it often makes a st, even though it hasnt been taught to do so. Like most reexive actions these can be suppressed or enhanced through training and conditioning. In other words, you can get a person out of the habit of inching by conditioning them to duck or block instead, and obviously we dont go around urinating wherever



! G N A B
and whenever we feel like it, because weve been trained and re-conditioned not to. In other words, the st reex isnt actually a reex at allits a conditioned response. Unfortunately many trainers unknowingly train students to have involuntary discharges by enhancing rather than suppressing the st reex. This is not done by their rearms instructors, but rather by their defensive tactics instructors, who have students repeatedly making a st when disengaging from or engaging suspects or attackers. When those students are later forced into a physical confrontation and happen to be holding a rearm, they make a st and BANG!an involuntary discharge. The truly sad part of this is that not only is a person sometimes shot without intent, but students are conditioned to believe they are at fault, so even if the shooting is justied the former student may never admit that the shot (or sometimes the rst shot) was involuntary. Many police departments and most trainers will deny culpability by stating that they tell, or teach students not to get into confrontations when their gun is drawn and to keep their nger off www.swatmag.com

bs and er gra e train the trainee th n e Wh rm, e rea ction of the pulls th ire d e th rearm goes in ts the is ile tw d n d n wh pull a er s ha p and in a tr e u into th the rearm y. g er bod p p u pushin s er h c in u a tr m e tion is into th reing ac h e s u th p This free up kely to less likely to more li h c u d m y. arm an it accidentall e g r a h c is d

This is the starting position for the rearm retention drill. The plastic bags prevent the trainee from pulling backward and either losing their rearm or accidentally discharging it.

the trigger until they are ready to shoot. Unfortunately people will still get into confrontations with their guns out because its usually the attacker who decides when the confrontation begins and people dont always have time to put a drawn rearm away. Although it is true that almost all rearms instructors tell students to keep their ngers off the trigger, the students are in fact trained and conditioned to do the exact opposite. Its a little like telling Pavlovs dog not to salivate when you ring the dinner bell just because you put a muzzle on him today. www.swatmag.com Most defensive tactics training programs t into one of three categories: progressive, current or antiquated. Those trainers who dont yet understand the difference between teaching and training will always fall into the last category. Training is actually a combination of both teaching and conditioning, and its the conditioning part that allows students to perform well under stress in almost an instinctive fashion. In 1991, Modern Warrior Defensive Tactics Institute conducted research which strongly indicated that people who are conditioned to make a st under stress are very likely to make a st under stress, whether their nger is on or off the trigger prior to the stress being introduced. This is often referred to by trainers as the startle response or sympathetic reaction. Although there are numerous reasons why people should not have their ngers on their triggers until they are ready to shoot (these will be discussed in future articles) startle response is not one of them. You see, when the st reex occurs due to startle response, the trigger nger will follow the path of least resistance to form a st, no matter what position
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 81



right: This is the proper way to hold the Eagle Loops while doing the three-nger pull-up drill. For those that cant do pull-ups or chins, just hanging from the bar will also serve the same purpose.

below: This drill trains the ofcer to isolate and control the muscles of the trigger nger and thumb, while exerting maximum power throughout the rest of the hand, wrists, forearms, shoulders and upper back.

This drill conditions the ofcer to maintain a tight grip with all the ngers of one hand (while pulling on the strap), without inadvertently compressing the ngers of the dominant hand into a tight st.

it started in. What causes the involuntary discharge is the nal position of the hand, not the beginning position. Now the good news. The startle response of making a st can be trained out of trainees, through a series of drills which Modern Warrior had been putting trainees through since completing the initial research into the st reex in 1992. Since that time, not a single police ofcer who has completed a long-term course of training has reported an involuntary discharge either in the street, in training or incidentally (such as while cleaning their rearm).


In creating re-conditioning drills designed to reduce or eliminate involuntary discharges, the trainer must realize that a handgun is held with ve ngers but held onto with only three: the middle nger, ring nger and pinky. Therefore, a large part of these conditioning drills must be geared toward training (or re-training) the student to control these three ngers independently of the thumb and forenger (trigger nger). Another phase of the drills conditions the trainee to apply the amount of leverage needed in either hand independently or asymmetrically (as opposed to symmetrically). This is initially difcult, but progress is very swift with good supervision and consistency in training.

Here are descriptions of some of the training drills which Modern Warrior Defensive Tactics Institute has used successfully since 1992. Eagle Loop Pull-Ups: Eagle Loops (actually one of our newest additions) are simply nylon straps with nger loops that can be hung on a chin-up bar. The trainee is permitted to put only his bottom three ngers through the loops, while extending the trigger nger and thumb outward. Then the trainee can either do pull-ups, chin-ups or simply hang from the bar for a given period of time without compressing the trigger nger or thumb throughout the procedure. This exercise is excellent as a discipline exercise in place of push-ups, jumping jacks, etc. Three Finger Tug Of War: A nylon strap is modied with a loop on each end. Within each loop is piece of PVC piping 3/4-inch in diameter and two to three inches long. A trainee grips the end of the strap by the PVC handle with only the middle nger, ring nger and pinky of the dominant hand, while extending the trigger nger and thumb (just like the previous drill). Two trainees then have a friendly tug of war, either on level ground or on top of heavy bags (which

are lying on the oor) to improve balance. The rst student who: a) compresses a trigger nger, b) is pulled past the tug of war line, or c) falls off the heavy bag (when this version is used) loses. Egg Tug Of War: Instead of grabbing the PVC handle, the trainees must grab the knot at the bottom of the handle loop with their non-dominant hand. In their dominant hand, they must hold an egg, which is either raw or hard boiled (depending on how messy the trainer wants the exercise to be). The trick now is to win the tug of war without breaking the egg in the dominant hand. This is an www.swatmag.com



excellent exercise to minimize the risk of sympathetic reaction in a street encounter which involves the use of physical skills while holding a rearm (even temporarily). Iron Palm Bag/Egg Catch: An Iron Palm Bag is simply a hexagon bag made of canvas which holds about ten to twelve pounds of steel shot (try to avoid using lead shot). They can be purchased at almost any Martial Arts Supply Store, or you can make your own. This drill simply involves two students having a friendly game of catch. A) It starts off with one trainee holding the Iron Palm Bag in the non-dominant hand and a raw or hard-boiled egg in the dominant hand. The trainee then throws the egg (underhanded) to the other trainee, who catches it with the dominant hand. Then the rst trainee throws the Iron Palm Bag, which the second trainee catches with the non-dominant hand. B) This process goes back and forth for a while, and then when the training ofcer yells phase two whichever trainee is holding the objects can throw either to the other trainee, but the other trainee must always catch the Iron Palm Bag in the non-dominant hand and the egg in the dominant hand. C) As the trainees advance in this drill, the trainer can add a phase three which simply means that both objects may be intermittently thrown simultaneously with both hands and caught with both hands. Note: This is one of the best trigger control drills available to condition students to separate their left and right brain functions while under stress, and greatly reduces the chances of a trainees rearm being discharged when suddenly grabbing someone or something with the non-dominant hand. The second trainee (more may be used to confuse the rst trainee) is allowed to circle the trainee holding the rearm and then grab and pull on the rearm. The rst trainee will be unable to move backward, because the plastic bags provide no traction. This will force the trainee to move with the resistance, rather than against it and prevent a tug of war with the rearm being used as the rope. This drill develops good tactics and, when done in street conditions, an assailant attempting to snatch a persons rearm would be expecting resistance but would be caught completely off guard and thrown backward by the unexpected rush of the defending trainee. Of course actual physical techniques or options can be added to this drill at the discretion of the trainer. Aside from doing these this drills as part of a defensive tactics program, it is also important for the trainer to remember that rearm retention should be a consideration in all defensive tactics disciplines or programs, because the need can occur at any time. Many programs now being taught to law enforcement ofcers give a distinct edge to the attacker, because the attacker is not wearing body armor, does not have use of force issues to worry about and most of all may not even have a rearm to use or to protect. In other words, many programs are actually more effective for the person attacking the ofcer than they are for the ofcers themselves. This needs to be considered when adopting any defensive tactics program which is actually no more than a martial arts program with a name change intended to attract students. Defensive tactics programs must be created for law enforcement and non-law enforcement students to address their different environments and needs to give each trainee strategic and tactical advantages in those situations and over those adversaries each student is likely to encounter. Trainers also should seriously consider reducing or completely eliminating sted punches from their defensive tactics arsenal and replacing punches with palm strikes, wrist strikes, elbow strikes and other effective alternatives. This will require that some trainers swallow their egos and retrain themselves as well as their students. The Ive been punching people for years without any problems excuse (offered by many trainers) is going to be little comfort to the person who suddenly must use a broken hand to retain or re a rearm. In closing, modern day police departments and trainers must make one of two choices when it comes to reconditioning drills (or trigger control drills) to reduce involuntary discharges. They will either adopt innovative and creative programs and drills to alleviate the problem, or they will continue to stay in the Stone Age and when something goes wrong and that unexpected BANG occurs, they will simply say, We taught him to keep his nger off the trigger. Most of all, I would like to remind all rearms users that it is your responsibility to obtain progressive reconditioning training to help you avoid an involuntary discharge that can change your life forever; because your training ofcer, administrator, or attorney probably wont be with you when the feces hit the fan. So in the end, it always comes down to the philosophy Modern Warrior has espoused since its conceptionYour survival begins and ends with you! [Philip Messina is President of Modern Warrior Defensive Tactics Institute in Lindenhurst, NY and was highly decorated in the NYPD in both plainclothes and uniformed assignments. Messina nished his distinguished (active) law enforcement career as a trainer and supervisor in the Research and Development section of NYPDs Police Commissioners Ofce, when he retired in 1987. Messinas unique research and methodology has led to the development of key concepts now being used in defensive tactics training, including Goal Oriented Training, Time Framing, Combat Stress Conditioning and Physiokinetics. The author welcomes your comments: info@ModernWarrior.com.]

On Slippery Surface: The best way to safely perform these drills is to do them on a matted area. One trainee stands on two large plastic bags, one on top of the other. The trainee is blindfolded and holding a mock rearm in the normal out of holster position, with the trigger nger outside the trigger guard. www.swatmag.com

! G N BA

Modern Warrior Dept. S.W.A.T. 711 N. Wellwood Ave. Lindenhurst, NY 11757, (631) 226-8383 www.mwarrior.com
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 83


to see if you may already be having problems with your ability to hear well. 1. When listening to the radio or watching TV, do others complain that you have the volume too loud? 2. In conversations, do you seem to hear what others are saying but miss or misunderstand wordsand then are you irritated that you missed what was said? 3. When listening to what others are saying, do you nd yourself lip reading? 4. Have everyday sounds around you become softer or even disappeared? Does it seem those crickets you used to hear in the summer evenings are not as loud as they used to be? Do you still hear vehicles passing your home? Is there an eerie quiet around you? 5. Do you frequently ask people to repeat themselves because they are mumbling or speaking unclearly? Do they become frustrated and tell you to clean out your ears? If any of the above seem all too familiar to you, the time has come to get your hearing checked by a professional. In the meantime, you can use your computer to do a self-check www.swatmag.com

ts a fact of life. Even if we live and work in a quiet environment, our hearing slowly deteriorates. Its part of the aging process. A physiological reason for this is that the basilar membrane in the cochlea appears to lose some of its elasticity and this adversely affects our ability to hear. Medically, this is referred to as presbycusis. What is treacherous about our loss of hearing is that this usually happens gradually and therefore, we are not aware of a problem until it is too late. As a peace ofcer or security guard, not being able to hear well when in a confrontation can give the edge to the one you may be trying to apprehend. For the private citizen, if there is an intruder in your home, although you know the layout, not being able to ascertain movement or not being able to hear a hammer being cocked or a door opening can lose that one second that can keep you alive. Yet, there is equipment out there that can protect your eardrum from a blast while giving you the edge to hear even better than one could expect with perfect hearing. But rst, read through the following descriptions



on the E.A.R. Inc./Insta-Molds website. Once there, simply follow the instructions.


The outer ear (the pinna or auricle) consists of a ap of skin and cartilage which collects sound waves and directs them into the S-shaped ear canal (the external acoustic meatus) which leads to the eardrum. The ear canal contains hairs and a thin lining of wax which keeps the ear canal exible and provides a barrier to debris and insects.

The air-lled middle ear is protected by the delicate eardrum (the tympanic membrane), which stretches across the outer entrance of the middle ear chamber. Sound waves, funneled in by the outer ear and ear canal, vibrate the eardrum and then three small bones called ossicles. Because of their shape, these bones are called the hammer, anvil and stirrup (malleus, incus and stapes). The stirrup passes the vibrations through the oval window into the inner ear. In the inner ear, hairs within the uid-lled canals of the cochlea detect physical vibrations which are trans-

formed into nerve impulses which are carried by the acoustic nerve to the brain. The inner ear also detects general movement as well as how fast the head moves. To hear properly, everything along these pathways must function appropriately. However, many factors adversely affect hearing. Heredity, infections, tumors, the effects of age, and other problems may be difcult or impossible to prevent or control and will not be addressed here. We will concentrate on preventing damage to the ear caused by noise. Decibel or dB is the name for the

Today, for hunting and home defense, calibers are getting bigger and with that, recoil devices are used to control gun movement on handguns, ries and shotguns. These work well, but often increase the blast level to the shooter. Today more than ever we need to use technology to our advantage and protect the hearing we have left.



Hearing enhancement devices give you the edge in pinpointing sounds and even whispers in your home as from an intruder in the middle of the night. They also help you to discern if the sound in the basement is an animal, child or someone wanting to slit your throat. Here electronic quad muffs will give you the edge.

and balance can also be affected. Remember, infection or injury equals damage!


Hunters and police ofcers encounter situations which require both keen hearing and hearing protection from the blast of a shot (or shots) being taken. Dual-purpose equipment is needed, but earplugs and regular muffs can solve only half the problem. For improved hearing, as well as hearing protection, Bob Walker, an audiologist and a hunter, developed a hearing enhancement/protection device that does exactly whats needed. Using advanced technology, the Game Ear and Tactical Ear amplify high frequency sounds which greatly improves hearing ability. Then, if a high decibel noise such as a gunshot occurs, a safety circuit automatically shuts out all noise levels above 110 decibels. [Editors note: When evaluating an electronic hearing protection device, determine how it handles loud noises. Some devices cut off all sound completely to protect hearing. Better devices clip the level of loud noises to a less harmful level, but do not make the wearer suddenly deaf. At the ring range, shutting off all sound may make you miss range commands. That can be very embarrassing. However, in a gunght, such sudden deafness may make you miss a partners warning or other information you might need to stay alive.] To help put this into practical terms, look at the decibel levels produced by common calibers and sounds from everyday living area in the accompanying table.

scale that measures how loud a sound is. Under this system, 0 or no sound is where it starts and as the sound gets louder, numbers get higher and the higher they go, the more potential for immediate damage. Also remember that doing something just once can be dangerous, since simply taking one shot with a high decibel reading caliber is all it could take to rupture that delicate covering called the eardrum. This is where anyone shooting a rearm, especially in a conned area such as in a home, must be especially careful. Many people are using shotguns and .223 ries as well as magnum handguns for home protection. These are loud in an open area, but re one without protection indoors where the sound is intensied and you can blow your eardrum. When that happens, you will have severe pain which can distract you when you need to be calm and focused since your life can depend on you being at your best.


Balance or staying upright when desired requires our muscles to also be in control. The part of the brain called the cerebellum receives information from the eyes, sensory nerves in the body (including information about muscles, joints and position) and the inner ear (sound, movement, speed of movement). Sorting out all this information, the cerebellum then signals muscles to relax or contract. This is why an ear infection can cause a person to become dizWalkers Game or Tactical Ear ts behind the ear with zya condia tube from it going into a plug or custom insert that tion called verblocks the external auditory canal or simply ear canal. tigo. Have your Even with it turned off, the ear is still plugged and you are protected from a blast. Just make sure the other ear is eardrum blown plugged with something before you shoot. from a blast,

There are those who, for whatever reason, become irritated when plugs are in the ears for even a short time. For these individuals, electronic muffs are the best option when hunting and especially when on the range. They are also easy to put on in a dark home when trying to pinpoint the location of an intruder and to protect hearing if shooting does occur. Various high-quality models are available from several manufacturers. Walker took this technology a little farther with their Power Muff Quads. These ergonomically designed earmuffs incorporate not two, but four individual high frequency response microphones which provide crystal clear sound amplication in both ears. www.swatmag.com




left: You can plug the ear canal with plugs or custom inserts and they work well. This solves only half the problem since now, although hearing is protected, you cannot hear anything. below: Excellent electronic devices from Walker are the (left to right) Tactical Ear with its foam insert, a Game Ear attached to a custom molded insert, and the new Game Ear Digital ITC which ts within the ear as would a plug.

This is due to each ear cup having front and rear mounted microphones and with a total of four, you can now hear soft, subtle sounds close by or sounds from farther away with true surround sound amplication. Now pinpointing man or beast is easy. These also offer 50 dB of power with a maximum output of 110 dB and each ear cup can be individually adjusted. When a shot is red, the advanced sound activated compression circuit (SAC) compresses it to safe levels of which the noise reduction rating is 24 dB.


In this eld, Bob Walker takes the lead by offering units for law enforcement with his Tactical Ear and when hunting or again, law enforcement, the Game Ear. I have used the Tactical and Game Ear as well his muffs for years and this year, due to the urging of Bob, I increased their comfort and effectiveness. To do that, at the NRA convention and from Walkers booth, Ray McKissick from Elderton, Pennsylvania, made me custom molded inserts to attach to a Tactical, Digital, Target or Game Ear. Now, instead of using the any of these with

the supplied spongy inserts, I attach my game ear to the molded ones which are extremely comfortable and due to the excellent seal, increase the effectiveness of the unit. New for 2004 is a Game Ear Digital ITCan in-the-ear unit which ts inside the ear canal and is virtually invisible. After trying both digital units, I believe they surpass anything available, but I still prefer those of the original design with the unit wrapped over the ear, but with custom inserts. As stated, from my experience, the Digital Game Ear with a custom insert is the ultimate in protection and hearing clarity/amplication.

device with a rating of 20 and another of 30 does not add up to a protection of 50. Although not 50, you will receive some additional protection when using both plugs and regular muffs. Also remember that with muffs, if you have a lot of hair, this takes away from getting a perfect seal of muff to skin with the result being that more of the sound gets into the ear. With advanced electronic protection, you get the ability to safeguard your hearing mechanisms plus the capability to hear like you never dreamed possibleand that can give you the edge.


The simple fact is that when on the range we all should use whatever we can to protect ourselves from the loud sound waves trying to enter the auditory canal. If on the range, this can be a piece of cotton (which is only so-so) or better still, earplugs inserted into the ear or muffs which completely enclose the outer ear. Commercial earplugs when properly inserted have a noise reduction rating between 20 to 30. Some muffs can go up to around 40 dBs. Using one protection

E.A.R. Inc./Insta-Mold West Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 18888 Boulder, CO 80308 (800) 525-2690 www.info@earinc.com Walkers Game Ear Inc. Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 1069 Media, PA 19063 (610) 565-8952 www.walkersgameear.com


CALIBER OR OBJECT DECIBEL LEVEL .22 Long Rie (rie) 145 .38 Special 150 .357 Magnum 160 .45 ACP 165 .44 Magnum 170 Wristwatch (near the ear) 25 Conversation 65 Vacuum Cleaner 80 Pneumatic Chipper 125 50 HP Siren (from 100 feet) 140


S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 87




located high on the right grip panel, in close proximity to the bore-line of the weapon. Crimson Trace recently introduced the 4th generation of Lasergrips for Government/Commander sized 1911 pistols, Lasergrips Model LG401. A 4th generation companion for Ofcers sized pistols, the LG-404 is also slated for introduction in 2004. www.swatmag.com

191 1s

The 4th generation Lasergrips feature a single momentary pressure-activation switch located under the rubber over-molding, positioned on the upper front-strap. The design and location of the switch provides precise, instinctive ngertip control of the laser whether shooting right or left handed.

rimson Trace Corporation has been developing new models of Lasergrips for an ever-increasing number of handgun models, both semiautomatics and revolvers. User installed, Lasergrips simply replace the existing grips on a handgun. The overall look and feel of the weapon is retained and conventional holsters can be used. The laser itself is



S.W.A.T. was among the very rst to get some hands-on range time with the new LG-404 grips. The 4th generation Lasergrips introduces a number of new design features in the proven Lasergrips design. As with the 3rd Generation Lasergrips, the new 4th Generation Lasergrips feature a rubber over-molded, wrap-around design for additional comfort and control. As a result of numerous requests from owners of 1911s with checkered front-straps, the new grips arent designed to completely cover the front-strap. The rubber wrap-around design of the 4th Generation grips only covers 1/2 inch of the front-strap just under the trigger guard. In addition, a relief cut has been added to the grips to allow the mainspring retaining pin to be removed without taking the grips off. The polymer side panels are designed for snag free concealed carry. They are actually slimmer than the standard factory grip panels. As with the previous generation of Lasergrips, the new grips are ambidextrous safety and extended magazine well compatible. However, due to the laser housing, the right paddle of most ambi safeties will need to be shortened in order to clear the laser housing. Although this is a simple task, Crimson Trace does offer shortened replacement ambi-paddles. Activation is by means of a momentary sensory activation switch located in the grip. Unlike other laser sighting systems on the market, Lasergrips are designed to activate instinctively with standard training. Activation is completely ambidextrous. No additional steps are required to activate or deactivate the laser. The 4th generation Lasergrips feature a single momentary pressure-activation switch located under the rubber over-molding, positioned on the upper front-strap. The design and location of the switch provides precise, instinctive ngertip control of the laser whether shooting right or left handed. I prefer the location of the new activation switch to that of previous models. The new location offers the best combination of instinctive activation and control of any of the Lasergrips to date. The only down downside to this powww.swatmag.com sition is that it will not allow the Lasergrips to be employed in conjunction with SureFire weapon lights with the SlimLine switch. Although the conventional horseshoe-shaped SlimLine switch isnt compatible with the use of Lasergrips, the SlimLine DG switch (named for NAVSPECWAR DEV GRU or DevGroup which requested it) can be employed with previous generation Lasergrips. Weapon lights with a toggle switch, button switch, or a pressure switch thats Velcro mounted to the grips can be employed with the 4th Generation Lasergrips. All Lasergrips feature a master on/off switch that allows the operator to disable the laser from activation. The master on/off switch on the 4th Generation Lasergrips has been relocated to a position on the bottom rear of the left grip panel. While I like the new 4th Generation slide switch, I would have preferred it to be mounted on the upper front of the left grip panel to provide for optimum ease of use with the thumb of the ring hand (right handed shooters). The 3rd generation master/off switch did permit one hand operation. From a practical standpoint, its really no big deal. The windage and elevation system is identical to other Lasergrips models. The adjustment system, which Crimson Trace calls Site-Lock, has proven to be extremely reliable and durable. Windage and elevation adjustment is accomplished by means of two, tiny (.028-inch) Allen screws. The calibration system has proven to be very reliable. Despite extensive use (and abuse) I havent had to re-calibrate my Lasergrips since they were installed. As with all Lasergrips, the new grips employ a 5 mw peak, 633 nm class IIIa laser diode. This is the maximum power out that federal law allows. Dot size is approximately .5-inch in diameter at fty feet. It should also be noted that infrared is available on special order for law enforcement agencies and the military for covert applications while utilizing night vision devices. Power is provided by two #2032 lithium batteries (included) contained in the grip panels. The batteries are readily available and reasonably pricedjust a couple of bucks at my local Radio Shack store. The batteries provide over four hours of on time and have a shelf life of from ve to ten years. Replacement of the batteries is fairly easy, although a screw driver or Allen head wrench will be necessary to remove the grip screws. Out of curiosity, I tried the new Lasergrips with only one battery installed (not recommended). To my surprise, the Lasergrips still functioned. The beta 4th Generation 1911 Lasergrips provided for evaluation were installed on a stainless steel Colt Series 80 Enhanced Government Model .45 for testing and evaluation. As with all Lasergrips that I have examined and tested, the quality of workmanship on the 4th Generation Lasergrips was excellent. The grips were easily installed on the pistol without any problem. They t perfectly. The performance of the new Lasergrips left little to be desired. Over 200 rounds of assorted .45 ACP were red during testing. There wasnt any noticeable loss of alignment from the recoil. During the testing, the grips were removed and re-installed several times, simulating battery replacement, to test boresight repeatability. Boresight repeatability (loss of zero) was less than onehalf inch at fty feet. Crimson Trace subjected samples of the 4th generation grips to a 3,000 round durability cycle. During the shooting cycle, the grips were further abused, including subjecting them to extreme heat and cold. There was no visible wear or shift in point of aim. The new 4th Generation Lasergrips should prove to be quite popularso much so that Crimson Trace has announced that the 4th generation grips will be replacing its older 1911 grips, the LG-301 and LG-304. The 4th Generation LG-401 Lasergrips for the 1911 should be in full production by the time that you read this.

Crimson Trace Corporation Dept. S.W.A.T. 8089 SW Cirrus Drive Beaverton, OR 97008 (800) 442-2406 www.crimsontrace.com
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 89


from left to right: The Foster 1911 Folder. A lanyard can be attached in the hole where the pin for the mainspring housing rides in the other 1911. The thumb stud is checkered for positive manipulation. The pocket clip is recessed into the handle for aesthetics as well as strength.

like knives, but my knowledge about them is admittedly limited. When knife acionados start talking about metallurgy, they may as well be discussing quantum physicsmost of it goes right over my head. However, I do know: 1) what is aesthetically pleasing to me, 2) if it lls a need or a want and 3) if it does what its supposed to do when its used. When I stopped by the Warne Manufacturing booth at the 2004 SHOT Show, I talked to Matt Foster about what Warne would be coming out with in the way of scope mounts and rings for the coming year. Matt showed me the product line, but also showed me a new knife he had designed, and would be made by Warne. Scheduled for release in August, the knife was the Foster 1911 Folder. The knife followed the basic rectangular design of the 1911 pistol. The knifes scales (handles) looked as if they had been taken off a miniature 1911 pistol and were made of fancy cocobolo wood in the traditional double-diamond pattern. Items one and two were taken care ofI liked the looks of the knife and I

wanted one. I asked Matt to put my name on the list for the 1911 Folder. The knife arrived on August 5. The body of the knife is machined from solid 6061 aluminum. It is then either hard-coat anodized a matte black (Standard Model) or plated in electroless nickel (Custom Model). Both models have the checkered, cocobolo doublediamond pattern grips, adding both classic appeal and a secure grip. The Custom model was chosen for the evaluation (hey, it matches my Kimber Stainless Custom right down to the cocobolo grips.) Length of the drop-point blade is four inches, with an overall length of nine inches when open. At the widest portion, the spine of the blade is a full 1/8inch thick. Weight is 5.7 ounces. A lanyard can be attached in the hole where the pin for the mainspring housing rides in the other 1911. For the technical type knife enthusiasts, the blade of the 1911 Folder is made of 154CM and is heat and cryogenically treated for maximum durability and edge retention. The Rockwell rating is 58-60Rc. Ive been told by people who know more than I do about metallurgy that this is a good thing. When the blade is opened, it is held securely in place with a titanium linerlock. The linerlock is supplemented by the patented Lake-Walker Safety Lock. This lock prevents accidental disengagement of the liner. Once the knife is open, simply push the safety button forward, physically preventing the liner from unlocking the blade. Drawing yet another analogy to its namesake, I like to think of this as cocked and locked. A checkered thumb stud on the top rear of the blade allows for easy, instant opening with one hand. A stainless steel pocket clip is standard for maximum versatility. The clip is recessed into the handle for aesthetics as well as strength. When the knife arrived it was, as expected, very sharp, though grind marks were visible under close inspection. This is not uncommon for a factory knife and my experience has shown there is only one way to get that nice, smooth, mirror www.swatmag.com




edgeuse it and sharpen itand repeat often. Although not a small knife, I found it carried easily and comfortably in my front pocket. This is no doubt in part due to the knifes relatively at constructionkind of like a 1911 in an inside the waistband holster. A half-pear-shaped cutout at the front of the handle allows either thumb easy access to the thumb stud and also serves as a place to index the trigger nger on the handle. The top of the handle near the blade is grooved for the thumb if the user prefers a thumb up, modied saber grip. I used the knife hard for the rst week after receiving it, sharpening it each night on a Spyderco Sharpmaker. The grind
The titanium linerlock is supplemented by the patented Lake-Walker Safety Lock. The top of the handle near the blade is grooved for the thumb if the user prefers a thumb up, modied saber grip.

lines I rst noticed have disappeared and a razor sharp, mirror polished edge was achieved relatively easily. The droppoint blade shape is very strong with a good amount of belly for slicing. The only reservation that I would have for carrying this knife everyday is that, to be totally honest, its so nice looking Im somewhat afraid of scarring it up under hard usage. Then again, thats what a rugged tool is for. The 1911 Folder is proudly made at the Warne Scope Mounts facility in Tualatin,

Oregon, and is backed by a limited lifetime warranty. The Foster 1911 Folder is available for immediate shipment. Suggested retail is $159.95.

Foster Knives Dept. S.W.A.T. P.O. Box 6088 Portland, OR 97228-6088 www.fosterknives.com

S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 91






DATE Nov. 8-10 Nov. 12-14 Nov. 29-Dec. 3

COURSE Three-Day Pistol Precision Rie 2 Carbine Operator

DATE Nov. 2-4


DATE Nov. 5-7 Nov. 12-14 Nov. 20 Nov. 21 Dec. 3 Dec. 3-5 Dec. 4 Dec. 5 Dec. 10-12




DATE Nov. 4-6

Nov. 8-11

COURSE San Antonio, TX Close Quarters Firearms and Defensive Tactics Houston, TX Close Quarters Firearms and Defensive Tactics

ar ITTS Tactical Carbine Class Louis Awerbucks Stage I Handgun All Womens Handgun Handgun Obstacle Course Handgun IIA Intermediate Handgun Series Handgun IIB Handgun IIC Bill Jeans Advanced Handgun Advanced Tactics Course Hawaii

Houston, TX Close Quarters Fighting San Antonio, TX Close Quarters Fighting (LEO/Govt. Only) Atlanta, GA Concealed Carry Practices Strong Hand Only Carbine Zero Conrmation Huntsville, AL Combative Pistol Two Casa Grande, AZ Combative Pistol (LEO/Govt. Only) Shooting on the Move (LEO/Govt. Only)

Nov. 5-7

Nov. 13 Nov. 14 Nov. 15

Dec. 4-5 Dec. 11-12 Dec. 13

Dec. 18-20



DATE Nov. 6 Nov. 7 Nov. 13 Nov. 14 Nov. 20-21

COURSE Handgun Safety Seminar Concealed Carry 101 Handgun Retention Seminar Advanced Handgun Retention Seminar Defensive Handgun & Qualications



DATE Nov. 15-19

COURSE Advanced Handgun Skills



DATE Nov. 1-3 Nov. 4-5


Nov. 8-10 Nov. 9 Nov. 17-19 Nov. 20 Nov. 27 Dec. 14


DATE Nov. 1-5 Nov. 1-5 Nov. 8-10

COURSE Precision Rie FTX Defensive Shotgun Shotgun Advanced Tactical Problems Nov. 15-19 Precision Rie Nov. 20-21 AZ CCW Course Nov. 29-Dec. 3 Defensive Pistol Nov. 29-Dec. 3 3-Gun Class Dec. 4-10 Rapid Entry System Technology Dec. 6-10 A&I Vets Special

DATE Nov. 1-5 Nov. 3-5 Nov. 8-12 Nov. 9-11 Nov. 15-19

COURSE Urban Rie Defensive Handgun Defensive Handgun 3 Defensive Handgun Old Rie Course

COURSE Extreme Close Quarters Shooting Combat Focus Shooting Advanced Executive Protection Tactics Womens Personal Defense Readiness Concealed Carry Tactics Executive Cane Fighting Executive Cane Fighting Womens Personal Defense Readiness

[Note: Some of the classes listed may already be lled to capacity. We suggest you contact the specic school you are interested in for class availability and further information. The schools website or email addresses are listed for your convenience.]



DATE Oct. 8-10

COURSE Los Angeles, CA Stage II Handgun www.swatmag.com



THE SHARPS RIFLE Fire Today Hit Tomorrow TACTICAL TRACKING OPERATIONS Cutting Sign On The Arizona Border

LADIES DEFENSIVE HANDGUN at Thunder Ranch BUSHMASTERS A3 .308 RIFLE Superior Ergonomics, Formidable Caliber




Chip McCormick Corp. is pleased to announce a revolutionary new product: the Super Match Trigger Group for AR15 ries. These innovative patent pending AR-15 Trigger Groups are completely self-contained in a one-piece assembly that easily installs in just minutes. Just check for safe and proper function and youre done. All tolerances are controlled within the assembly so the ad-



justment and tuning required with standard AR-15 trigger groups are no longer necessary. The one-piece assembly is factory tuned for a super match grade trigger pull with minimized takeup and overtravel. Available in single-stage and two-stage trigger actions to t standard or large pin receivers. Congurations include the traditional curved trigger style and the new patent pending Super Match Flat Trigger, which yields unprecedented control, ergonomics and consistency. Suggested Retail for $185.00 single stage, $189.00 for double stage. For more information contact, Chip McCormick Corp., Dept. S.W.A.T., P.O. Box 1560, Manchaca, TX 78652-1560, (512) 2804280, www.chipmccormickcorp.com

ability of its SIG Sauer line of pistols, SIGARMS has extended the same innovative design and manufacturing excellence to the new SigTac tactical knife series. The SigTac Tactical Auto is more than simply a frontline folder. It offers the kind of automatic performance needed by anyone who puts a knife into immediate servicequickly and reliably. The blade is made of ATS 34 steel and coated with a wear-resistant Nitron nish (the same found on SIG Sauer pistols). The Tactical Auto features

inch overall length making it handy to carry. For more information on shotguns, clothing, knives and accessories visit or contact SIGARMS, Inc., Dept. S.W.A.T., 18 Industrial Drive, Exeter NH 03833, (603) 772-2302, www.sigarms.com.

SIGARMS Inc. is proud to announce their new line of proprietary tactical knives for police, emergency services, military and civilian applications. Long known for the To-Hell-And-Back-Reli-


a CNC machined billet aluminum grip, a spine safety lock and an optional serrated blade design. This knife stands out in every category. The 3-1/8 inch blade is a modied clip-point and has a 7-3/8

Hatchs new Mustang Tac Extreme Grip Gloves provide unmatched grip for law enforcement, where positive weapon control and dexterity are essential. The secret is the Mustang CoF (Coefcient of Friction) oil tack suede palm from the world famous Pittards Tannery in England. It provides grip far superior to that of standard leather in either wet or dry conditions. An additional WRX100 water resistant treatment helps to shed water quickly for further improved wet grip performance and prevents the absorption of perspiration. The palm retains its softness and feel even after prolonged use. The Spandex back breathes to keep hands cool and exes for maximum dexterity. A hook and loop closure provides a secure t. Mustang Tac gloves are available in full or half nger versions in black, grey or brown. For additional information, contact Hatch Gloves and Accessories, Dept. S.W.A.T., 3639 E. Harbor Blvd., Ventura, CA 93001, (800) 767-1343, www.hatch-corp.com. www.swatmag.com





Introduced in 2000 with economy in mind, the Plinker was manufactured with cast aluminum uppers and lower receivers. With the release of the second generation of this ne carbine, the Plinker Plus is now outtted with mil-spec quality forged receivers. But here is the best news of all; the upgrade forged receivers come without a price increase! Thats right, a better quality carbine at the same ultra-low MSRP of just $599.00. With the investment of well over $2 million in new state-of-the-art CNC machines during the last three years, Olympic Arms has been able to increase production with-


receivers; button ried heavy contoured 4140 chromemoly steel match barrel; 1x9 twist; A1 sights; builtin brass deector and forward assist; A2 style carbine handguards; A2 trapdoor buttstock; shipped in a hard case with a nylon sling, post ban magazine, Olympic Arms sticker, and owners manual.

TruckVault has been selected as the recipient of the Safety Product of the Year in the 2004 Shooting Indus-


out increasing costs. With better quality parts being made faster, cost invested per part is going down. The Plinker Plus comes standard with the following: 7076 T6 aluminum forged (mil-spec quality) For more information contact Olympic Arms, Inc., Dept. S.W.A.T., 624 Old Pacic Highway S.E., Olympia, WA 98513, (360) 923-5812 ext. 101, www.olyarms. com.

Bianchis SpeedBreak Holster offers multi-retention thats easy-to-use, fast to draw (one-step) and quick to secure. SpeedBreak has an internal locking device providing excellent retention capabilities with its exclusive feature called Auto Retention and the contoured Knuckle Break enables the user to release the thumb break in one smooth downward motion. For more information on this and other ne leather and nylon products, contact Bianchi International, Dept. S.W.A.T., 27969 Jefferson Ave., Temecula, CA 92590-2609, (909) 676-5621, www.bianchi-intl.com. www.swatmag.com


try Academy Of Excellence Awards. TruckVault manufactures secure drawer storage systems for the safe transport of rearms and other valuable items in the cargo areas of sport utility vehicles, pickups, vans and the trunks of sedans. The company won the 1999 Accessory of the Year award for its light truck storage products. This year the TrunkVault has been chosen for the Safety Product award. TruckVault rst developed this new line of products for the Ford Crown Victoria Interceptor used by law enforcement ofcers and quickly added models for the Taurus, Chevrolet Impala, and Dodge Intrepid. The locking storage drawer vaults mount in the top rear of the trunk cavity and allow access without having to remove other items from the trunk. For more information contact TruckVault, Dept. S.W.A.T., P.O. Box 734, 211 Township Street, Sedro Woolley, WA 98284-0734, (800) 967-8107, www.truckvault.com/trunkvaults.asp.
S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 95

Statement of Ownership, Management, and Circulation (Required by 39 U.S.C. 3685) 1. Publication Title: S.W.A.T. 2. Publication Number: 1062-2365 3. Filing Date: 18 August 2004 4. Issue Frequency: Every 42 Days. 5. Number of Issues Published Annually: 9 6. Annual Subscription Price: $26.95 7. Complete Mailing Address of Known Ofce of Publication: 5011 N Ocean Blvd Suite 5, Ocean Ridge, FL 33435 Contact person: Richard J. Lucibella. telephone: 561276-9505 8. Complete Mailing Address of Headquarters or General Business Ofce of Publisher: 5011 N Ocean Blvd Suite 5, Ocean Ridge, FL 33435 9. Full Names and Complete Mailing Addresses of Publisher, Editor, and Managing Editor: Publisher: Group One Enterprises, Inc. 5011 N Ocean Blvd Suite 5, Ocean Ridge, FL 33435 Editor: Denny Hansen 5011 N Ocean Blvd Suite 5, Ocean Ridge, FL 33435 Managing Editor: N/A 10. Owner: Group One Enterprises, Inc. Richard J. Lucibella- 100% Shareholder 5011 N Ocean Blvd Suite 5, Ocean Ridge, FL 33435 11. Known Bondholders, Mortgagees, and Other Security Holders Owning or Holding 1 Percent or More of Total Amount of Bonds, Mortgages, or Other Securities: none 12. Tax Status: Has Not Changed During Preceding 12 Months 13. Publication Title: S.W.A.T. 14. Issue Date for Circulation Data Below: June 2004 15. Extent and Nature of Circulation 15a. Average Number of Copies Each issue During Preceding 12 Months: 92,207 15b. Percent Paid and/or Requested Circulation: (1) Paid/Requested Outside-County Mail Subscriptions Stated on Form 3541: 12,686 (2) Paid InCounty Subscriptions Stated on Form 3541: 88 (3) Sales Through Dealers and Carriers, Street Vendors, Counter Sales, and Other Non-USPS Paid Distribution: 23,830 (4) Other Classes Mailed Through the USPS: 0 15c. Total paid and/or Requested Circulation: 36,544 15d. Free Distribution by Mail: (1) Outside-County as Stated on Form 3541: 338 (2) In-County as Stated on Form 3541: 10 (3) Other Classes Mailed Through the USPS: 0 15e. Free Distribution Outside the Mail: 1,211 15f. Total Free Distribution: 1,559 15g. Total Distribution: 38,103 15h. Copies not Distributed: 54,104 15i. Total: 92,207 15j. Percent Paid and/or Requested Circulation: 95.9% 15a. Number of Copies of Single Issue Published Nearest to Filing Date: 92,485 15b. Percent Paid and/or Requested Circulation: (1) Paid/Requested Outside-County Mail Subscriptions Stated on Form 3541: 13,373 (2) Paid In-County Subscriptions Stated on Form 3541: 94 (3) Sales Through Dealers and Carriers, Street Vendors, Counter Sales, and Other Non-USPS Paid Distribution: 26,076 (4) Other Classes Mailed Through the USPS: 0 15c. Total paid and/or Requested Circulation: 39,543 15d. Free Distribution by Mail: (1) Outside-County as Stated on Form 3541: 364 (2) In-County as Stated on Form 3541: 11 (3) Other Classes Mailed Through the USPS: 0 15e. Free Distribution Outside the Mail: 623 15f. Total Free Distribution: 998 15g. Total Distribution: 40,541 15h. Copies not Distributed: 51,944 15i. Total: 92,485 15j. Percent Paid and/or Requested Circulation: 97.5% 16. Publication of Statement of Ownership: Publication required. Will be printed in the December 2004 issue of this publication. I certify that all information furnished on this form is true and complete. I understand that anyone who furnishes false or misleading information on this form or who omits material or information requested on the form may be subject to criminal sanctions (including nes and imprisonment) and/or civil sanctions (including civil penalties).

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Call for FREE Action CD!! The Tombstone Tactical Auto Resetting Target System Modular Durable Easy Take-Down Mobility Option Sniper Counter Sniper Option AR500 shooting plates options

Tombstone Tactical Inc. 9656 E. 5th Street Tucson, AZ 85748 Phone: 520-245-5003 www.tombstonetactical.com

ADVERTISER A.R.M.S. Advanced Armament Aimpoint American Watch Company Barrett Firearms Black Hills Ammunition BlackHawk Industries Blade-Tech Buck Knives Bushmaster Firearms, Inc Competitive Edge Dynamics Crows Tactical Outtters D.P.M.S. D.S.Arms Defense Band Defensive Edge Training Delray Shooting Center ESI, Inc. Firepower FP-10 Fobus Holsters Gerber Legendary Blades GhillieSuits.com Global Tactical Gunners Alley Gunsite Academy Hellstorm H-S Precision H-S Precision SWEEPSTAKES Horus Vision HydraStorm Insight Technology, Inc. Jungle Toy KNS Precision Lagger Pro WEBSITE www.armsmounts.com www.advanced-armament.com www.aimpoint.com www.specialopswatch.com www.barrettries.com www.black-hills.com www.blackhawk.com www.blade-tech.com www.buckknives.com www.bushmaster.com www.cedhk.com www.crowstacticalouttters.com www.dpmsinc.com www.dsarms.com www.defenseband.com www.TheDefensiveEdge.com www.shootingcenters.com www.esi-lifeforce.com www.fp10.com www.fobusholster.com www.gerbergear.com www.GhillieSuits.com www.globaltactical.com www.discount-holsters.com www.gunsite.com www.hellstormusa.com www.hsprecision.com www.hsprecision.com www.horusvision.com www.hydrastorm.com www.insightlights.com www.jungletoy.com www.kagerind.com www.LPStactical.com PG. 23 63 8 43 10 20 Cvr.2 28 27 28 25 97 48 22 97 65 97 7 31 75 9 69 96 73 49 3 Cvr.3 50-51 55 13 17 59 96 49 S.W.A.T. DECEMBER 2004 97 ADVERTISER Laser Devices, Inc Lightghter Tactical Maxpedition MD Tactical, LLC Meprolight Mil-Comm Products Nielsen Kellerman Old Lincoln County Olympic Arms One Stop Knife Shop The Outdoor Channel Outdoorbidur.com ParaOrdnance Peltor Communications QuikClot R-Guns Ries Only Rockwood-Speedwell Schmidt & Bender GMBH & CO Spyderco Streichers Surere TDI Arms The Firing Line Thunder Ranch Tombstone Tactical TTI Armory Valhalla Training Center Wiley-X Eyewear World Wide Ordnance XS Sight Systems Yankee Hill Machine Company Your American Back Yard WEBSITE www.laserdevices.com www.lightghter.com www.maxpedition.com www.mdtactical.com www.meprolight.com www.mil-comm.com www.nkhome.com www.olcnet.com www.olyarms.com www.OneStopKnifeShop.com www.outdoorchannel.com www.Outdoorbidur.com www.paraord.com www.swat-tacoffer.com www.zmedicaquikclot.com www.rguns.net www.riesonly.com www.speedwelltargets.com www.schmidtbender.com www.spyderco.com www.streichers.com www.surere.com www.tdi-arms.com www.theringline.com www.thunderranchinc.com www.tombstonetactical.com www.ttiarmory.com www.valhallatraining.com www.wileyx.com www.worldwideordnance.com www.XSsights.com www.yhm.net www.amback.com PG. 47 26 73 79 31 69 34 97 59 55 11 79 Cvr.4 21 96 37 75 65 75 47 32 33 39 96 14 97 38 15 29 63 59 63 22




am the bulletand I have no conscience. You will treat me with respect because once I leave, you have no control over my actions. Once Im gone I will do as I please, governed only by the laws of physics. And the next time you see me I will have done my work, bringing on your life a potential gamut of emotions ranging from pleasure, satisfaction and exhilaration to anger, pain, grief and regret. Use me wisely and with discretion, for I can snuff out the ame of a kings life as easily as I can bring delight to a ten-yearolds face by recording for posterity a rst bullseye on a humble paper target. It took the re of a crucible to conceive me, but now Im no longer molten metaland therein lies the deceptiveness of my power. When I was cast in the mould of hot lead you knew I was dangerous, but now you underestimate me as I lie in the womb of the cartridge case, a solidied metal teardrop the size of your ngernail. Beware, for the day Im born I will go from womb to tomb in the fraction of a second. For me there will be no childhood, no puberty, no adulthood just a nano-second of ight before I nd my terminal resting place. You must be mother, father, teacher, and priest, because you will guide me on my short lifes path. I am but an emotionless, inanimate object with no heartbeat and no conscience. Once the hot gases of propulsion give birth to my destination, they will also signal my death knell, for I will have no childhood, no puberty, no adulthood. Instant birth to instant rest, with but a momentary tick of the clock of time to bring pleasure or pain. The responsibility for my actions rests squarely on your shoulders. You conceived me, you entombed me in a cartridge case with my brother primer and sister gunpowder, slaves to your bidding.

If you didnt cast, size, lube and load me yourself, you bought me just like you bought Mister Gumps box of chocolates. But unlike the box of chocolates, with me what you see is what you get. I am the corked bottle encasing a quiescent genie. Once the genie is free, you know exactly what potential can be unleashedbut you had better choose your three wishes wisely. The acquisition of rearms and ammunitions is sequential, one way or the other. Rarely does one initially have a vast supply of ammo of a specic caliber and subsequently acquire a rearm to use or expend this supply. While people often buy a secondary or tertiary weapon for this reason, usually one purchases the gun, cleaning equipment, accessories, and a storage unitbe it a case, bag or gun safebefore any thought is given to what ammunition is going to be obtained and used in the weapon. And after spending a kings ransom on all this equipment, you head for the local gun emporium and spend a pittance on a case of the cheapest garbage military surplus ammo you can nd. Then when you miss, you blame it on me. When you accidentally discharge a rearm because you neglected to extract me from the chamber, you blame it on me. When I plow my way through bone and muscle, and fail to incapacitate a madman, you blame it on me. But when you achieve the result you wanted, then its because of your masterful ability, and Im forgottenused, expended, and spent. Such is my lotMans ingratitude and lack of respect for the humble bullet. Because you paid for the ammunition, I become your possession; but you dont own meI own your soul. I will make you or break you in my short lifespan. The slightest marksmanship error on your part and I will embarrass you in front of your peers. The slightest lapse in

concentration while manipulating a rearm and I will take an innocent life. I will ricochet off a windshield, a belt buckle, or a baseball cap bill when youve been told I should have penetrated the materialand I will just as easily over-penetrate an apartment wall and forever snuff out the future of a defenseless child. Doctor Mann spent a lifetime trying to nd out why I didnt always perform as external ballistics would demand I doand he went to his grave with my secret intact. But you insist on imbibing alcohol and ring bullets into the air in a puerile Yuletide celebration, understanding nothing of the physics of my ight pathor my power to change your life forever. You will spend endless hours discussing the merits and demerits of my size and velocity, but when all is said and done, it really doesnt mean anything. The truth of the matter is that once I depart from your gun muzzle you no longer have control over meand I, too, no longer have control over my own destiny. The next time you see a humble unred bullet remember that without me your gun is as useless as ngers on a rooster. And once loaded, I can be as dangerous as a drunk in rush hour trafc. Once my power is unleashed, there can be only two resultsdelight and satisfaction, or disaster and horror. And this will reach fruition in the blink of an eye, for I have no childhood, no puberty, no adulthood. Treat me with respect, for I am the bulletand I have no conscience. [Louis Awerbuck is Director of the internationally acclaimed Yavapai Firearms Academy. Course information and schedules are available at their website at www.yfainc. com]







The FBI has chosen H-S Precisions Pro-Series 2000 HTR (Heavy Tactical Rifle) for its reliability, durability and affordability to fulfill its sniper rifle needs. The HTR comes standard with a fully adjustable stock and heavy fluted barrel. The finest component parts combine to make the most accurate tactical rifle available on the market today.
New & Improved Trigger 1.5 to 5 lb adjustable pull New & Improved Detachable Magazine


Drop Test

Accuracy Test Salt Water Immersion and Corrosion Test 5000 Round Endurance Test
(Passed with 0 malfunctions)

Call for special pricing on the civilian version of the rifle approved by the FBI.

1301 Turbine Drive, Rapid City, SD 57703

(605) 341-3006 Fax: (605) 342-8964