2  P a g e
Contents
1. Matrices and Determinants
i. Important Results (4 )
ii. Assignments. (5 )
2. Relations and Functions
i. Assignments (17 )
3. Inverse Trigonometric Functions
i. Assignments.. (19 )
4. Probability
i. Assignments.. (21 )
5. Vector Algebra
i. Important Results.. (32)
ii. Assignments.. (34 )
6. Three dimensional Geometry
i. Important Results..... (36 )
ii. Assignments.. (44 )
7. Continuity
i. Assignments.. (56 )
8. Differentiability
i. Assignments.. ( 59)
9. Applications of Derivatives
i. Assignments.. ( 62)
3  P a g e
10. Integrals
i. Indefinite Integrals.. (66)
ii. Substitution.. (67)
iii. Partial Fraction (68)
iv. Integration by Parts. (69)
v. Cancellation Property. (70)
vi. Definite Integrals. (71)
11. Application of Integrals
i. Area under the curve... (74)
12. Differential Equations
i. Forming Differential Equations (75)
ii. Variable separable (76)
iii. Homogenous (77)
iv. First Order Linear Differential Equation... (79)
13. Linear Programming. (80)
Extra Problems Unsolved
1. Equivalence Relations..(87)
2. Binary operations.(88)
3. Inverse of a function..(90)
4. Rate of change of quantities.(92)
5. Probability..(93)
ANSWERS.... (96)
TYPES OF PROBLEMS (121)
4  P a g e
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
IMPORTANT RESULTS
1.
'
A A =
2. If A is a square matrix of order n then A k kA
n
=
3. A is a singular matrix if 0 = A
4. If A is a skewsymmetric matrix of odd order then 0 = A
5. If A is a nonsingular matrix of order n
1
=
n
A adjA
6. If A is an invertible matrix of order n then det(A
1
)=1/det(A)
7. A(AdjA)=(AdjA)A= A I
8.(A
1
)
1
=A
9. (AB)
1
=B
1
A
1
10. (A
T
)
1
=(A
1
)
T
11. adj(AB)=(adjA)(adjB)
12. adj(A
T
)=(adjA)
T
13. A+A is always symmetric, AA is always skewsymmetric.
14. If A and B are symmetric matrices of same order then AB+BA is always
symmetric and ABBA is always skewsymmetric matrices.
5  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 1
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS:
1. Construct a 2x3 matrix whose elements are
(a) a
ij=
(c) a
ij=
i.j
(b) a
ij
=
(d) a
ij
= {
2. If A=(
) , B=(
), find X if 2A+3X=5B.
3. Find X and Y given that 3XY=(
), X3Y=(
)
4. Find x and y, (
) + (
) = (
)
5. If A=(
). Show that A
2
6A+17I=0.
6. If A=(
), find k, if kA
2
+5A21I=0.
7. If A=(
), find x and y such that A
2
xAyI=0.
8. Find x,y,z such that
(
)=(
)
9. Find x if (1 2 1)(
)(
)=0.
10. If f(x) = x
2
4x+1. Find f(A) when A=(
)
11. If A= (
) , Show that A
2
+4A42I=0.
12. If A=(
), B=(
), Verify that BA=6I.
6  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 2
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
1) If A= (
) ,find
(A+A) and
(AA)
2) If A= (
) , prove that A
) B = ( )
5) If A = (
) and AA=I ,Find x,y,z.
6) If A = (
) , using induction prove that
= (
)
7  P a g e
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
Assignment 3
By using elementary row transformations find the inverse of the matrix if it exists (119)
1. A=(
) 2. A=(
) 3. A=(
) 4. A=(
)
5. A= (
) . A=(
) 7. A= (
) 8. A=(
)
9. A=(
) 10. A= (
) 11. A= (
)
12. A= (
) 13. A=(
) 14. A= (
) 15. A= (
)
16. A= (
) 17. A=(
)
18. A=(
)
19. A=(
)
20. If A=(
) show that =4.
21. Find x if 
=
.
22. Find x if 
=
.
23. Factorize: 
. 24. Solve: 
=0.
8  P a g e
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
ASSIGNMENT 4
1. Find the area of the triangle whose vertices are:
(i) (2, 7), (1, 1), (10, 8).
(ii) (3, 5), (3, 6), (7, 12).
(iii)(2, 7), (1, 3), (10, 8).
(iv) (2, 4), (2, 6), (5, 4).
( v) (at
1
2
, 2at
1
), (at
2
2
, 2at
2
), (at
3
2
, 2at
3
).
2. Show that the following points are collinear:
(i) (1, 1), (5, 7), (8, 11).
(ii) (3, 8), (4, 2), (10, 14).
3. If (a, 0), (0, b) and (x, y) are collinear, prove that
= 1.
4. If (3, 2), (x, 2) and (8, 8) are collinear, find x.
5. Find the equation of the line passing through:
(i) (1, 2), (3, 6).
(ii) (3, 1), (9, 3)
(iii) (3, 4), (7, 2).
6. Solve for x: 
=0.
7. Solve for x: 
=0.
9  P a g e
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
ASSIGNMENT 5
Solve the following:

=0. 2. 
=0. 3. 
=0.
4. 
=0. 5. 
=0.
Using properties of determinants prove the following:
6. 
=a
3
.
7. 
= 4(ab)(bc)(ca).
8. 
= 8.
9. 
.
11. If A=(
), verify that A (adjA) = (adjA) A=I.
12. A= (
) and B=(
), verify that
.
13. If A=(
)andB=
, verify that
.
10  P a g e
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
ASSIGNMENT 6
Solve the following system of linear equations using matrix method:
1. 2x+6y=2; 3xz=8; 2xy+z=3. 2. xy=3; 2x+3y+4z=1; y+2z=7.
3. 2xy+z=3; 3xz=8; 2x+6y=2. 4. x+2y+z=7; x+3z=11; 2x3y=1.
5.5x+3y+z=16; 2x+y+3z=19; x+2y+4z=25. 6. x+y+z=1; x2y+3z=2; x3y+5z=3.
7. 2xyz=7; 3x+yz=7; x+yz=3. 8. xy=5; yz=2; zx=3.9. 2xy=4; 2y+z=5; z+2x=7.
10. 5xy=7; 2x+3z=1; 3yz=5.
11. Find
, if A=(
) and hence solve the following system of linear
equations, x+y+z=6; xy+z=6; 2x+yz=6.
12. Find
, if A=(
) and hence solve 2xy+3z=13; x+3y+2z=1; 3x4yz=8.
13. Find
, if A=(
) and hence solve the following system of linear
equations, x+2y+2z=0; x+2yz=0; x3y+3z=14.
14. Solve the following system of linear equations using matrix method Where
x0,y0,z0.
(a).
= 10;
= 10;
= 13.
(b).
= 4;
= 1;
= 2.
15. Determine the product (
)(
) and use to solve the system
of equations: xy+z=4; x2y2z=9; 2x+y+3z=1.
16. If A= (
) and B= (
) are two square matrices, Find AB
and hence solve the system of linear equations: xy=3; 2x+3y+4z=17; y+2z=7.
11  P a g e
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
ASSIGNMENT 7
1. If A=(
), prove that (A2I)(A3I)=0.
2. If
(
)(
) = 0. Find x.
3. If
(
).
/ = 0. Find x.
4. If
(
)(
) = 0. Find x.
5. If A=(
), prove that
=(
). nN.
6. If A=(
), prove that
=.
/. nN.
7. If A=(
), prove that
=(
). nN
8. Find the inverse of the matrix A= .
=(a
2
+bc+1)IaA.
12  P a g e
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
ASSIGNMENT 8
Using the properties of determinants prove the following:
1. ( )
3
2
1
1 3 3
1 2 1 2
1 1 2 2
= + +
+ +
p p p
p p p
2. ( )( )
2
z x z y x
z y y x
x z x z
y x z y
+ + =
+
+
+
3. ( )( )( )( ) x z z y y x pxyz
pz z z
py y y
px x x
+ =
+
+
+
1
1
1
1
3 2
3 2
3 2
( )( )( )( ) x z z y y x xyz
z z z
y y y
x x x
+ =
+
+
+
1
1
1
1
(OR)
3 2
3 2
3 2
4. ( )( )( ) b a c a c b c b a
c a b b a
a c b c a
b c c b a
+ + + =
5. ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
4
1 1 1
1 1 1
2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
=
+ + +
c b a
c b a
c b a
(ab)(b
c)(ca)
6. If a,b,c are positive numbers and unequal prove that the determinant value of the following
determinant is always is negative.
) )( ( 2
2 2 2
c b a ca bc ab c b a
a c c b b a
c b b a a c
b a a c c b
+ + + + =
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
7.
2
) ( 2
2
2
2
z y x
y x z x z
y x z y z
y x z y x
+ + =
+ +
+ +
+ +
8.
3 2
3 2
3 2
2
2
2
1
1
1
c c
b b
a a
ab c c
ca b b
bc a a
=
9. 0
1
1
1
2
2
2
=
ab c c
ca b b
bc a a
10. ) )( )( ( 2 a c c b b a
c b a a b
a c b a c
b c c b a
+ + + =
+ +
+ +
+ +
11.
3
3 8 8 10
2 4 4 5 x
x x y x
x x y x
x x y x
=
+
+
+
12.
3
3 6 10 3 6 3
2 3 4 2 3 2 a
c b a b a a
c b a b a a
c b a b a a
=
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
13. ( )
2
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
= a
a a
a a
a a
13  P a g e
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
ASSIGNMENT 9
Using the properties of determinants prove the following:
1. ) )( (
2 2 2
c b a ca bc ab c b a
b a c
a c b
c b a
+ + + + =
b
2.
z y x
r q p
c b a
y x x z z y
q p p r r q
b a a c c b
2 =
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
3. ( )
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
1
1 2 2
2 1 2
2 2 1
b a
b a a b
a b a ab
b ab b a
+ + =
+
+
3. ( )( )( ) o   o
o o 
 o =
1 1 1
4. ( ) z y x a a
z a y x
z y a x
z y x a
+ + + =
+
+
+
2
5. ( )
3
2 2
2 2
2 2
c b a
b a c c c
b a c b b
a a c b a
+ + =
6.
( )( ) ca bc ab c b a
c c b c a
b c b b a
c a b a a
+ + + + =
+ +
3
3
3
3
7.
2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
4 c b a
c bc b ab
ac b ab a
ac c bc a
=
+
+
+
8. abc c b a
b a a c c b
a c c b b a
c b a
3
3 3 3
+ + =
+ + +
9.
( )
3
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
1
1 2 2
2 1 2
2 2 1
b a
b a a b
a b a ab
b ab b a
+ + =
+
+
14  P a g e
10. ( )( )( ) o   o
o o 
 o =
1 1 1
11. ( ) z y x a a
z a y x
z y a x
z y x a
+ + + =
+
+
+
2
12. ( )
3
2 2
2 2
2 2
c b a
b a c c c
b a c b b
a a c b a
+ + =
13. ( )( ) ca bc ab c b a
c c b b a
b c b b a
c a b a a
+ + + + =
+ +
3
3
3
3
14.
2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
4 c b a
c bc b ab
ac b ab a
ac c bc a
=
+
+
+
15. abc c b a
b a a c c b
a c c b b a
c b a
3
3 3 3
+ + =
+ + +
16. If x,y,z are different and
1 0
1
1
1
3 2
3 2
3 2
= =
+
+
+
xyz that show
z z z
y y y
x x x
17.
2 2 2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
c b a
c cb ca
bc b ab
ac ab a
+ + + =
+
+
+
18.
z y x
r q p
c b a
y x x z z y
q p p r r q
b a a c c b
2 =
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
15  P a g e
MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
ASSIGNMENT 10
1. ( )
3
2
2
2
2
c b a
b a c a c
b a c b c
b a c b a
+ + =
+ +
+ +
+ +
2. ( )( )
2
4 4 5
4 2 2
2 4 2
2 2 4
x x
x x x
x x x
x x x
+ =
+
+
+
3. 0
) ( 1
) ( 1
) ( 1
=
+
+
+
b a ab ab
a c ca ca
c b bc bc
4. ( )( )( )( )  o o   o
 o o 
 o
 o
+ + =
+ + +
2 2 2
5. 0 , 0 , 0 = = = = + + =
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
c b a c b a
a c c b b a
c b b a a c
b a a c c b
(OR)
) )( ( 2
2 2 2
c b a ca bc ab c b a
a c c b b a
c b b a a c
b a a c c b
+ + + + =
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
6. ) )( )( (
1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2
x z z y y x
x z z y y x
x z z y y x =
+ + +
+ + +
7. 0
2 2 2 2 2 2
=
+ + + p r q r q p
rp rq pq
p r q r q p
8.
( )( )
2 2 2
c b a c b a
c a b b a
a c b c a
b c c b a
+ + + + =
+
+
+
16  P a g e
9.
3 3 3
2 2
2 2
2 2
2
0
0
0
c b a
c b c a
b c b a
a c a b
=
10. Solve: 0 =
+
+
+
x a x a x a
x a x a x a
x a x a x a
17  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 11
RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS
1) Prove that the function f:NN ,defined by f(x)=2x is oneone ,N is the set of all
natural numbers.
2) Prove that the function f:XY defined by f(x)=5x where X={1,2,3} and Y={5,10,15}
is both oneone and onto.
3) Prove that the function g:AB defined by g(x)=
n N .Is it bijective?
5) Consider f:R[4,) given by f(x) =
Of f given by
and prove that f=
.
7) Let f:RR be defined by f(x) =
.
9) Let f(x) = 2
3 and g(x) =
x R.
12) If f:RR ,g:RR are two functions ,defined by f(x)=3x2 and g(x)=
+1 .Find gof(2).
13) Let f:ZZ be defined as f(n) =3n n Z, g:ZZ be defined as
g(n)={
show that gof=Iz ,fog Iz
14) Show that the function f:RR defined by f(x)=3
+5 x R is a bijection.
15) Prove that the function f:QQ given by f(x)=2x3 x Q is a bijection.
16) Prove that f:RR , given by f(x)=2x is oneone and onto.
17) Show that the function f:RR , defined by f(x)=
.Is f a manyone onto function?
19) Show that the function f:NN given by f(n) = n
n N is a bijection.
18  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT12
RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS
1) If f: RR , is defined by f(x)=
. Find f(f(2)).
2) If f(x)=
.Show that
fog=gof=IR.
4) If f(x)=
2.Find fog,gof,fof,gog.
11) IF f(x)=sin x, g(x)=3x .Find fog,gof.
12) If f(x)=2x+3 , g(x)=
g(x)=
16) If f: RR defined by f(x)=
is a bijection.
18.Let f:NN be defined by f(x) = {
.Show that f is a bijection.
19.Let A={ x R ; 1 x 1 }=B .Show that f:AB given by f(x) = xx is a
bijection.
20.If f(x) =
, x 1. Show that fo
is an identity function
19  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT13
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
1. Find the principle value of
).
2. Evaluate :
)
3. Using principal value, evaluate,
)
4. Prove the following:
5. Solve:
6. Evaluate: *
)+
7. Evaluate:
)
8. Evaluate:
)
9. Evaluate:
)
10. Evaluate:
)
11. Evaluate:
( (
))
12. Evaluate:
)
13. Evaluate:
)
14. Prove the following:
15. Prove the following:
16. Prove the following:
)
17. Prove the following:
)
18. Evaluate: tan{2tan
1
) (
)}
20  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT14
INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
1. Prove that
2
3
;
2 4
cos 1 cos 1
cos 1 cos 1
tan
1
t
t
t
x
x
x x
x x
=


.

\

+
+ +
2. Prove that t
t t
x
x
x x
x x
2
;
2 4
sin 1 sin 1
sin 1 sin 1
cot
1
=


.

\

+
+ +
3. Simplify:

.

\

+
x x sin
5
4
cos
5
3
cos
1
4. Simplify:
4
5
4
,
2
cos sin
sin
1
t t
x
x x

.

\
 +
5. Simplify:
4
5
4
,
13
cos 12 sin 5
sin
1
t t
x
x x

.

\
 +
6 Write in the simplified form: ( )
2
1
1 1 sin x x x x
7. Write in the simplified form:
)
`


.

\

+
+


.

\

2
2
1
2
1
1
1
cos
2
1
tan sin
x
x
x
x
8. If
ab
b a
x that prove
x
x
b
b
a
a
+
=

.

\

=


.

\

+

.

\

+
1 1
2
tan
1
1
cos
1
2
sin
2
1
2
2
1
2
1
9. Prove that
5
12
tan
2
1
3
2
tan
1 1
=
10. Solve:
4
3 tan tan
1 1
t
= +
x x
11. Solve:
31
8
tan ) 1 ( tan ) 1 ( tan
1 1 1
= + + x x
12. Solve:
( ) 36
23
tan
1 2
) 1 2 (
tan
) 1 (
) 1 (
tan
1 1 1
=
+
+
+
x
x
x
x
13. Solve:
x x x x 3 tan ) 1 ( tan ) ( tan ) 1 ( tan
1 1 1 1
= + + +
14. Solve: ( ) 12 2 cot cot
1 1
t = +
x x 15. Solve: 2tan
1
(cosx)=tan
1
(2cosecx)
16. Prove that ( ) ( )  
2
1
tan cos cot sin
2
2
1 1
+
+
=
x
x
x
17. Simplify: ( ) ( ) ( ) { }   a ec
1 1 1
sin sec cot cos tan cos
21  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 15
PROBABILITY
CONDITIONAL PROBABILITY
1. If P(A)=0.3, P(B)=0.7 and P(B/A)=0.5, find P(A/B) and P(AUB).
2. A die is thrown twice and the sum of the numbers appearing is observed to be 8. What is the
conditional probability that the number 5 has appeared at least once?
3. 12 cards, numbered 1 to 12 are placed in a box, mixed up thoroughly and then a card is drawn at
random from the box. If it is known that the number on the drawn card is more than 3, find the
probability that it is an even number.
4. A die is rolled, if the outcome is an odd number, what is the probability that it is a prime number?
5. A pair of dice is thrown. Find the probability of getting a sum of 10 or more if 5 appears on the
first die.
6. In a certain school 20% of the students failed in English, 15% failed in Mathematics and 10% in
both English and Mathematics. A student is selected at random. If he failed in English, what is
the probability that he also failed in Mathematics?
7. For two events A and B, it is being given that P(A)=0.47, P(B)=0.63 and P(AUB)=0.8. Find the
conditional probabilities P(A/B), P(B/A).
8. Let A and B are two events P(A)=3/5, P(B)=2/5 and P(A/B)=5/8, find P(AUB).
9. If P(not A)=0.7, P(B)=0.7 and P(B/A)=0.5, then find P(A/B) and P(AUB).
10. A die is thrown twice and sum of the numbers appearing is observed to be 6. What is the
conditional probability that 4 have appeared at least once?
11. Three coins are tossed. Find the probability that all coins show head, if atleast one of the coins
show head.
12. Two numbers are selected at random from the integers 1 through 13. If the sum is even, find the
probability that both are odd.
22  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 16
PROBABILITY
INDEPENDENT EVENTS
1. The probability of A hitting the target is 4/5 and that of B hitting it is 2/3. They both fire at
the target. Find the probability that
(i) At least one of them will hit the target?
(ii) Only one of them hit the target.
2. 2 balls are drawn at random with replacement from a box containing 10 black and 8 red balls.
Find the probability that,
(i) Both balls are red.
(ii) The first ball is black and second is red.
(iii) One of them black and other red.
3. X is taking up subjects Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry in the examination. His
probability of getting grade A in these subjects is 0.2, 0.3 a d 0.5 respectively. Find the
probability that X gets,
(i)Grade A in all subjects.
(ii) Grade A in no subjects.
(iii) Grade A in 2 subjects.
4. A cin hit a target 4 times out of 5 times. B can hit a target 3 times out of 4 times and C can hit
a target 2 times out of 3 times. They fire simultaneous. Find the probability that,
(i) any 2 out of A, B, C will hit the target.
(ii) none of them will hit the target.
5. The probability that a student entering a university will graduate is 0.4. Find the probability
that out of 3 students of the university
(i)None will graduate
(ii) Only one will graduate
(iii) All will graduate
6. An urn contains 4 red and 7 blue balls. 2 balls are drawn at random with replacement. Find
the probability of getting,
(i)2 red balls
(ii) 2 blue balls
(iii) 1 red and 1 blue ball
7. A and B appear in an interview for 2 vacancies in same post. The probability of As selection
is 1/6 and that of Bs selection is . Find the probability that,
(i)both of them are selected.
(ii) only one of them is selected.
(iii) One of them selected
(iv) At least one of them is selected.
8. If A and B are 2 independent events such that P(AUB)=0.5 and P(A)=0.2. Find P(B).
9. There are 3 urns A, B and C. Urn A contains 4 white balls and 5 blue balls. Urn B contains 3
white balls and 4 blue balls. Urn C contains 3 white balls and 6 blue balls. One ball is drawn
23  P a g e
from each of 3 urns. What is the probability that out of these 3 balls drawn, 2 are white balls
and on is a blue ball?
10. The probability that a student A can solve a question 6/7 and that another student B solving
the question is . Assuming that the 2 events, A can solve the question and B can solve the
question are independent, find the probability that only one of them solves the question.
11. If A and B are independent events such that P(AUB)=0.7, and P(A)=0.3. Find P(B).
12. The probability that a randomly selected voter will vote for party A is 0.2 and the probability
that he will vote for party B is 0.5, otherwise he will vote for independent parties. What is the
probability that out of 6 voters 3 or more will vote for party B?
13. Ganesh appears for an interview for 2 posts A and B, selection for which is independent. The
probability of selection for post A is 1/5 and for post B is 1/8. What is the probability that
Ganesh will get selected for atleast one of the posts?
14. A problem in Mathematics is given to 3 students whose chances of solving it are 1/3, 1/5, 1/6
respectively. Find the probability that one of them is able to solve the problem correctly.
15. A speaks truth in 70% of the cases and B in 80% of the cases. In what percentage of the cases
are they likely to contradict each other in stating the same fact?
16. An article manufactured by a company consists of 2 parts X and Y. In the process of
manufacture of part X, 8 out of 100 parts may be defective. Similarly, 5 out of 100 parts of Y
may be defective. Calculate the probability that the assembled product will not be defective.
24  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 17
PROBABILITY
TRANSFERRING OF BALLS
1. Bag A contains 6 red and 5 blue balls another bag B contains 5 red and 8 blue balls. A ball is
drawn from the bag A and without noticing the colour it is put into the bag B. Then, a ball is
drawn from bag B at random. Find the probability that the ball drawn is blue in colour.
2. Bag A contains 4 white and 5 black balls and another bag B contains 6 white and 7 black
balls. A ball is drawn from the bag A and without noticing the colour it is put into the bag B.
Then a ball is drawn from bag B at random. Find the probability that the ball drawn is white
in color.
3. Bag A contains 4 yellow and 5 red balls another bag B contains 6 yellow and 3 red balls. A
ball is drawn from the bag A and without noticing the colour it is put into the bag B. Then, a
ball is drawn from the bag B at random. Find the probability that the ball drawn is yellow in
colour.
4. Bag A contains 5 white and 6 black balls and another bag B contains 7 white and 3 black
balls. A ball is drawn from the bag A and without noticing the colour it is put in bag B. Then
a ball is drawn from bag B at random. Find the probability that the ball drawn is blue in
colour.
5. Bag A contains 7 red and 4 blue balls and another bag B contains 5 red and 6 blue balls. 2
balls are drawn from the bag A and without noticing the colour it is put in bag B. Then a ball
is drawn from bag B at random. Find the probability that the ball drawn is blue in colour.
6. Bag A contains 6 pink and 7 blue balls and another bag B contains 8 pink and 8 blue balls. A
ball is drawn from the bag A and without noticing the colour it is put in bag B. Then two
balls are drawn from bag B at random. Find the probability that the ball drawn is blue in
colour.
7. Bag A contains 7 black and 5 pink balls and another bag B contains 8 black and 8 pink balls.
A ball is drawn from the bag A and without noticing the colour it is put in bag B. Then a ball
is drawn from bag B at random. Find the probability that the ball drawn is blue in colour.
25  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 18
PROBABILITY
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
1. 2 cards are drawn successively with the replacement from a well shuffled deck of 52
cards. Find the probability distribution of the number of Aces.
2. 3 cards are drawn one by one with replacement. Find the probability distribution of
number of queens.
3. From a lot of 30 bulbs which include 6 defective bulbs, a sample of 3 bulbs is drawn
at random with replacement. Find the probability distribution of the number of
defective bulbs.
4. 2 cards are drawn successively with the replacement from a well shuffled deck of 52
cards. Find the probability distribution of number of Jacks. Find the mean and
variance.
5. A pair of dice is tossed twice. If the random variable X defined as the number of
doublets. Find the probability distribution of X, also find the mean and variance.
6. Find the probability distribution of number of success of a die, where a success is
defined as a number less than 3, also find the mean and the variance.
7. Find the mean and variance for the following probability distribution:
0 1 2 3
P(x) 1/6 3/10 1/30
8. Find the mean and variance for the following probability distribution:
0 1 2 3
P(x) 1/8 3/8 3/8 3/8
9. Find the mean and variance for the following probability distribution:
0 1 2 3
P(x) 1/64 18/64 18/64 27/64
10. A pair of dice is thrown four times. If getting a doublet is considered a success, find
the probability distribution of number of success.
11. Find the probability distribution of number of heads when 3 coins are tossed.
12. A box contains 13 bulbs. Out of which 5 are defective. 3 bulbs are randomly drawn, one
by one without replacement from the box. Find the probability distribution of number of
defective bulbs.
26  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 19
PROBABILITY
(PROBLEMS WITH RESPECT TO CARDS)
1. A card drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that is neither an
ace nor a king.
2. A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards. Find the probability
that it is neither a king nor a heart.
3. Find the probability of drawing a diamond card in each of 2 consecutive draws from a
well shuffled pack of 52 cards.
(i) If the card drawn is not replaced after the first draw.
(ii) If the card drawn is replaced after the first draw.
4. 2 cards are drawn from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards one after the other without
replacement. Find the probability that one of these is a queen and the other is a king of
opposite order.
5. 2 cards are drawn without replacement from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards. What is
the probability that is queen of red color and the other is a king of black.
6. 2 cards are drawn from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards one after the after the other
without replacement. Find the probability that neither a jack nor a card of spades is
drawn.
7. Two cards are drawn one by one without replacement from a well shuffled pack of 52
cards. What is the probability that they are same suit?
8. Two cards are drawn one by one without replacement from a replacement from a well
shuffled pack of 52 cards. What is the probability that one is the red card and other is a
black card.
9. Four cards are drawn successively one after the other from a wellshuffled pack of 52
cards. If the cards are not replaced, find the probability that all of them are kings.
10. Four cards are drawn successively one after the other from a wellshuffled pack of 52
cards. If the cards are not replaced, find the probability that all of them are of same
colour.
27  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 20
PROBABILITY
(BINOMIAL THEOREM)
1. A pair of dice is thrown 7 times. If getting a total of 7 considering a success. Find the
probability of,
(i) No success
(ii) At least 6 success
2. The mean and variance of a binomial distribution and 4 and 4/3 respectively.
Find the distribution and P(X1).
3. Six coins are tossed simultaneously. Find the probability of getting,
(i)3 heads
(ii)no heads
(iii)at least one head
4. A coin is tossed 4 times. Find the mean and variance of the probability distribution of
number of heads.
5. The mean and variance of a binomial distribution and 9 and 6 respectively. Find the
distribution.
6. The probability of hitting a target by A is 1/5. If he fires 5 times find the probability
that he will hit atleast 2 times.
7. A pair of dice is thrown 4 times. If getting a doublet is considered a success, find the
probability of getting,
(i)at least 2 successes
(ii)exactly 2 successes
8. 5 dice are thrown simultaneously. If the occurrence of an even number in a single
dice is success, find the probability of at most 3 successes.
9. There 6% defective items in a large bulk of items. Find the probability that a sample
of 8 items will include not mere than one defective item.
10. A pair of dice is thrown 3 times. If getting a total of 10 is considered a success, find
the probability of
(i)exactly 2 success
(ii)at least 2 successes
28  P a g e
11. A pair of dice is thrown 3 times. If getting a total of 7 is considered a success, find
the probability distribution of number of successes.
12. An unbiased die is tossed 3 times. Getting 3 or 5 is considered a success. Find the
probability of at least 2 successes
13. If getting a 5 or a 6 in a thrown of an unbiased die is a success and the random
variable x denotes th number of successes in 6 throws of the die, find P(X4).
14. 5 cards are drawn successively with replacement from a well shuffled deck of 52
cards. What is the probability that,
(i)all the 5 cards are spades
(ii)only 3 cards are spades
(iii) none is spade
15. The probability that a bulb produced by a factory will fuse after 100 days of use is
0.05. Find the probability that out of 5 such bulbs,
(i)none
(ii)not more than 1
(iii)more than one
(iv)at least one will fuse after 100 days of use
16. The probability of a man hitting a target is . If he fires 7 times what is the
probability of his hitting the target at least twice.
17. A die is thrown 7 times. If getting an even number is success, find the probability
of getting at least 6 successes.
29  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 21
PROBABILITY
(BALLS, NUMBER, TICKET PROBLEMS)
1. From a bag containing 20 tickets, numbered from 1 to 20, 2 tickets are drawn at
random, Find the probability that,
(i)both the tickets have prime number on them.
(ii)on one there is prime number and on the other there is a multiple of four.
2. A bag contains 8red, 3white and 9blue balls. If 3 balls are drawn at random determine
that,
(i) all the 3 balls are blue balls.
(ii) all the balls are of different colours.
3. A box contains 100 bolts and 50 nuts. It is given that 50% of bolts and 50% of nuts
are rusted. 2 objects are selected from the box at random. Find the probability that both
are bolts or both are rusted.
4. A bag contains 5 red, 6 white and black balls. 2 balls are drawn at random. What is
the probability that both are red or both are black?
5. 2 balls are drawn at random with the replacement form a box containing 10 black and
8 red balls. Find the probability that,
(i)both balls are red
(ii)first ball is black while the second is red
(iii)one of them is black and other is red
6. A class consists of 10 boys and 8 girls. 3 students are selected at random. Find the
probability that the selected group has,
(i) all boys
(ii) all girls
(iii) 2 boys and 1 girl
7. In a group of 9 students, there are 5 boys and 4 girls. A team of 4 students is to be
selected for a quiz competition. Find the probability that there will be 2 boys and 2girls in
each team
8. An urn contains 6 red and 5 blue balls. 2 balls are drawn at random with
replacement. Find the probability of getting
(i)2 red balls
(ii)2 blue balls
(iii) 1 red and 1 blue ball
30  P a g e
9. Bag A contains 6 red and 5 blue balls and bag B contains 5 red and 8 blue balls, bag
C contains 6 blue and 5 red balls. One ball is drawn at random from each bag. Find the
probability that all the 3 balls are of the same colour.
10. A bag contains 30 tickets, numbered from 1 to 30. 5 tickets are drawn at random and
arranged in ascending order. Find the probability that the third ticket is 20.
11. 3 bags contains 5 white, 8 red, 7 white, 6 red and 6 white and 5 red balls
respectively. One ball is drawn at random. Find the probability that all the three balls
drawn are of the same color.
12. 2 balls are drawn at random from a bag containing 3 white, 3 red, 4 green, and 4
black balls, one by one without replacement. Find the probability that both the balls are of
different colors.
13. A bag containing 5 white, 7 red and 3 black balls. If 3 balls are drawn one by one
without replacement, find the probability that none is red.
14. In a group of students, there are 3 boys and 3 girls. 4 students are to be selected at
random from the group. Find the probability that either 1 girl and 3 girls and 1 boy are
selected.
15. 4 digit numbers are formed by using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 without repeating the
digits. Find the probability that a number chosen at random is an odd number.
16. Cards are numbered 1 to 25. 2 cards are drawn at random. Find the probability that the
number on one card is a multiple of 7 and on the other, it is a multiple of 11.
17. A bag contains 25 tickets numbered from 1 to 25. A ticket is drawn and without
replacement another ticket is drawn. Find the probability that both tickets will show even
numbers.
18. There are 4 letters and 4 addressed envelope. Find the probability that all the letters
are not dispatched in right envelopes.
31  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 22
PROBABILITY
(INFINITE GP PROBLELMS)
1. A and B can throw a die alternately till one of them gets a number greater than 4 and
Wins the game. Find their respective probabilities of winning, if A starts the game.
2. A and B toss a coin alternately till one of them gets a head and wins the game. If A starts
first Find the probability that B will win the game.
3. A and B throw 2 dice simultaneously turn by turn. A will win the game if he throws a
total of 5, B will win if he throws a doublet. Find the probability that B will win the game,
though A started the game.
4. A and B throw a die alternately till one of them gets a number 6 and wins the game. Find
their respective probabilities of winning, if A starts the game.
5. 3 persons A,B,C throw a dice in succession till one gets a six and wins. Find their
respective probabilities of winning, if A starts the game followed by B and C.
6. A, B, C play a game and chances of their winning are1/2 , , 2/3 respectively. Find their
respective probabilities of winning, if A starts the game followed by B and C.
7. A,B,C in order toss a coin. The first one to throw a head wins. Find their respective
probabilities of winning, if A starts the game followed by B and C.
8. A and B take turns to throw a pair of dice. A wins if he throws 6 before B throws 7, and
B wins if he throws 7 before A throws a 6. Show that if A has the first throw, their
chances of winning are in the ratio 30:31.
9. A and B take turns in throwing 2 dice, the first to throw 9 being awarded the prize..
Show that if A has the first throw, their chances of winning are in the ratio 9:8.
10. A and B throw a die alternately till one of them gets a doublet and wins the game. Find
their respective probabilities of winning, if A starts the game.
32  P a g e
VECTOR ALGEBRA
IMPORTANT RESULTS
Vector is a physical quantity that has got both magnitude and direction. According to triangle law of
addition,
1. UNIT VECTOR: If the modulus of given vector is equal to one we call it as unit vector.

2. DIRECTION COSINES: The cosine of angle made by vector
3. DIRECTION RATIOS: Direction ratios are nos. proportional to direction cosines. Direction
ratios of a line joining 2 pts. (x
1
,y
1
,z
1
) and (x
2
,y
2
,z
2
) is
(x
2
x
1
, y
2
y
1
, z
2
z
1
)
4. Condition for 2 vectors
and
5. Section formula:
6. Midpoint formula:
Scalar/Dot product:
7.


8.


33  P a g e
9.
10.
11.
12. Condition for two vectors to be perpendicular :
13. Projection of on

Vector/Cross product:
14.

.
15.




16.
17.
18.
19. Condition for 2 vectors to be parallel:
.
20. Area of a triangle whose adj. sides are &

21. Area of a parallelogram whose adj. sides are &
:


22. Area of quadrilateral whose diagonal are
&

23. Unit vector acting to both &

34  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 23
Vector algebra
1. Find the magnitude of the vector = 3  2 + 6
.
2. Find the unit vector in the direction of 3  6 + 2
.
3. Show that the three points A(2,3,5) , B(1,2,3) and C(7,0,1) are collinear.
4. If = 3  2 +
and
= 2  4  3
find 
.
5. If = + 2 + 3
and
= 2 + 4  5
if = 2 + 2 
and
= 6  3 + 2
.
7. Find the value of so that the vectors = 2 + +
and
=  2 + 3
are
perpendicular to each other.
8. Find the projection of 7 +  4
on 2 + 6 + 3
.
9. Find the angle between the vectors 5 + 3 + 4
and 6  8 
.
10. If and
 (b) Cos /2 =
 Tan /2 =



11. Let
 = 5
12. If
 =
13. If the vertices of a triangle are A(1,2,3), B(1,0,0) and C(0,1,2) respectively, what is the
magnitude of and
14. Find
, if = 2 +
and
= +
.
15. Find a unit vector perpendicular to both the vectors =  2 + 3
and
= + 2 
.
16. Find a vector of magnitude 9, which is perpendicular to both the vectors
= 4  + 3
and
= 2 +  2
.
17. Given  = 10, 
 = 2 and .
= 12, find 
.
18. Find the area of the triangle whose vertices are (3,1,2), (1,1,3), (4,3,1).
19. Find the area of the parallelogram determined by the vectors + 2 + 3
and 3  2+
.
20. Show that the vectors = 3  2 +
=  3 + 5
and = 2 +  4
form a right
angle triangle.
35  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 24
Vector algebra
1. Prove that

2. Find the angle between b a
+ and b a
if = 2  +
and
= +2
3. Find the value of so that the vectors 3 6
and 2 +
are
(i) parallel (ii) perpendicular.
4. The dot product of a vector with the vectors + 3
, + 2
, + +4
are
0,5,8 respectively. Find the vector.
5. Show that the vectors = 3  2 +
=  3 + 5
and = 2 +  4
form a
right angle triangle.
6. If = 3+2+
= +
+ 3
and
are
perpendicular to each other.
7. Express the vector = 52 +
=3+
,
8. Find the projection of
on if = +2+
= + 3 +
and = +
.
9. Find the projection of
on if =
2+
= +22
and
=2+
.
10. Find the projection of
on if =
 +8
= +2+3
and =2
.
11. Find the angle between =  +
= +
12. Find the value of so that the vectors 2+ +
and 2 +
are
perpendicular to each other.
13. If = + +
= 
, find a vector
=3
14. If
,  = 3, 
is 60
o
36  P a g e
3D GEOMETRY
IMPORTANT RESULTS
I. Equatio of a Straight line passing through (a point) and parallel to a
vector
= +
Same formula is used for:
 Eqn. of a line passing through a pt. and parallel to a vector joining two pts.
(x
1
,y
1
,z
1
) ; (x
2
,y
2
,z
2
)
= (x
2
x
1
)i + (y
2
y
1
)j +(z
2
z
1
)k
 Eqn. Of a line passing through a pt. and parallel to a line
= li + mj + nk
 Eqn. of a line passing through a pt. and perpendicular to plane
ax + by + cz + d = 0
= ai + bj + ck
II. Eqn. of a St.line passing through 2 pts. A & B
= +
III. Angle between 2 lines
= 



If
= 0, = 90
o
l
1
l
2
; If they are proportional, then l
1
l
2
IV. Shortest distance b/w
 Skew lines
S.D = 


 Parallel lines
S.D = 


37  P a g e
Condition for 2 lines to intersect
V. To prove 3 pts. are collinear (A , B , C)
 First find
.
 They will be proportional (
 This indicates that they are either parallel or collinear.
 In the end, write
Since B is a common pt. ,
cannot be parallel.
Therefore they are collinear.
VI. To prove 2 lines are intersecting and to find the pt. of intersection :
.
 First, prove S.D = 0 ;
 The equate the lines with
 Equate the values of x,y,z & find value of
 Then substitute and find the values of (x,y,z) i.e., the pt. of intersection.
VII. To find the image of the pt. (x
1
,y
1
,z
1
) on the line
38  P a g e
 Let B a pt. on the line.
 B can be found by equating the line with .
Therefore (x , y , z) = pt. B
 Then find the dr of AB ,
= (xx
1
; yy
1
; zz
1
)
 Dr of CD : (a
1
, b
1
, c
1
)
 Then
.
IX. To find the coordinates of a pt. on the line
which
are at dist. of k units from (p , q , r)
 First find the pt. B by equating the line eqn. with .
 Use the distance formula,
39  P a g e
k =
 Now square both sides and find the values of .
 Then substitute and find pt. B
X. To prove that 2 lines are skew lines. Just show that
PLANES
I. Eqn. of a plane whose distance from the origin p and unit normal
vector n
n = p
General eqn. of a plane :ax + by + cz + d = 0 where (a , b , c) are drs acting
to plane.
II. Eqn. of a plane whose distance p and normal :

III. Eqn. of a plane passing thro a pt. and to :
: V.E
l(xx
1
) + m(yy
1
) + n(zz
1
) = 0 : C.F l,m,n are drs
IV. Eqn. of a plane passing through 3 pts. :


V. Eqn. of a plane passing through 2 pts. and to a plane :

= 0
l , m , n drs of the plane
VI. Eqn. of plane passing through 2 pts. and parallel to line
:

= 0
40  P a g e
2 pts.: (x
2
, y
2
, z
2
) ; (x
3
, y
3
, z
3
)
VII. Eqn. of a plane passing through a pt. (x
1
, y
1
, z
1
) and to 2 planes :


VIII. Eqn. of line passing through a pt. (x
1
, y
1
, z
1
) and to 2 lines :


(l
1
, m
1
, n
1
) = dr. of 1
st
line (l
2
, m
2
, n
2
) = dr. of 2
nd
line
IX. Eqn. of plane passing through pt. , to a plane and to a line :


(l
1
, m
1
, n
1
) = dr. of the plane (l
2
, m
2
, n
2
) = dr. of the line
X. Intercept form :
XI. Angle b/w 2 planes :
a
1
x + b
1
y + c
1
z + d
1
= 0
a
2
x + b
2
y + c
2
z + d
2
= 0


If the planes are : a
1
a
2
+ b
1
b
2
+ c
1
c
2
= 0
el :
XII. Angle between a line and a plane :
41  P a g e
a
2
x + b
2
y + c
2
z + d
2
= 0
XIII. distance from a pt. (x
1
, y
1
, z
1
) to a plane ax + by + cz + d =0 :


XIV. distance from the origin to the plane 3x + 4y + 5z 3 = 0


XV. Distance b/w 2 parallel planes :
ax + by + cz + d
1
= 0
ax + by + cz + d
2
= 0


XVI. Eqn. of a plane through intersection of 2 planes P
1
& P
2
:
A) If the pt. is given, substitute (x , y , z) in the eqn. and find .
Thereafter substitute and find the eqn. of plane.
B) If it is to another plane
= P P
3
= P . P
3
= 0
C) If it is parallel to line
(a
1
, b
1
, c
1
) = dr. of P
(a
2
, b
2
, c
2
) = dr. of line
42  P a g e
XVII. Image of a pt. (p , q , r) on the plane ax + by + cz + d = 0
 Dr of line AB : (a , b , c)
 Now the eqn. of AB can be found because we have a pt. A and the drs also.
 Eqn. =
 Equate the above equation with ,
And express x , y , z in terms of
= Pt. B
 Since the pt. B lies on the plane substitute
(x , y , z) in the plane eqn. and find the value
of .
 Sub the value of in (x , y , z) this is the foot of the .
 Using the midpt. formula we can find the coordinates of the pt. E.
 Using the distance formula the length of the can also be found.
XVIII. To prove lines are coplanar and to find the eqn. of the plane containing
them.
 First prove S.D = 0
 Then eqn. of plane


(xx
1
) , (yy
1
) , (zz
1
) = can be from any of lines
(l
1
, m
1
, n
1
) = dr. of 1
st
line
(l
2
, m
2
, n
2
) = dr. of 2
nd
line
XIX. Distance of a pt. (p , q , r) from the plane a
1
x + b
1
y + c
1
z + d = 0 and
measured parallel to the line
 Dr of AB : (a
2
, b
2
, c
2
)
 Now find the eqn. of AB (the pt. and drs are given).
 Eqn. of AB:
 Now equate the above eqn with and express x , y , z. This is the pt. B.
 Sub the values of (x , y , z) in the plane eqn. and find the value of .
43  P a g e
 Sub the value of in (x , y , z) and hence find the pt. B.
 Using distance formula, find the length of AB.
XX. Distance of the pt. (p , q , r) from the line
and
measured parallel to the plane ax + by + cz + d = 0.
 Equate the line eqn. with and express x , y , z in terms of , this is pt.B.
 Dr. of AB : Pt.B Pt.A
Dr. of EF : (a , b , c)
AB EF
Hence find the value of .
 Sub in x , y , z and find the pt.B.
 Using distance formula, we can find the distance b/w A and B.
44  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 25
Three dimensional geometry
1. Find the equations of the line passing through the points,
a. (3,2,5) and (1,0,3)
b. (4,6,1) and (0,3,1)
c. (a,a,a) and (a,0,a)
2. Find the equation of the line parallel to the line
and
.
4. Find the vector equation of the line through the points (3, 1, 2) and perpendicular to
the plane whose vector equation is (2  +
) 2 = 0.
5. Find the vector equation of the line passing through the points 2   5
and
perpendicular to the plane whose vector equation is (6  3  5
) + 2 = 0.
6. Find the vector equation of the line through the points 2  +
and + 2 + 2
) = 5.
10. Find the vector equation of the line through the points 2  +
and  2  2
. Also find
the Cartesian equation.
11. Find the vector equation of the line through the points  3  2
and 2 + + 2
. Find the equation of line in the vector and the Cartesian form.
13. Find the coordinates of the point where the line joining (3, 4, 1) and (6, 1, 6) crosses
the xy plane.
14. Find the vector equation of the line through the origin and perpendicular to the plane
whose vector equation is ( + 2 +
) = 3
15. Find the vector and Cartesian equations of the line passing through (3, 0, 1) and
parallel to the planes x+2y = 0 and 3yz = 0.
16. Find the vector and Cartesian equations of the line passing through (2, 1, 1) and
parallel to the line joining the points (1, 4, 1) and (1, 2, 2).
17. Find the vector and Cartesian equations of the line passing through (2, 3, 7) and
parallel to the line joining the points (2, 2, 0) and (1,2,3)
18. Find the vector and Cartesian equations of the line passing through (3,1, 2) and
parallel to the planes x+y+2z4=0 and 2x3y+z+3 = 0.
19. Find the vector equation of the line through the origin and perpendicular to the plane
whose vector equation is (3  4 +
) = 31
20. Find the equation of the line passing through the point (1, 3, 4) and perpendicular
to the lines
and
.
21. Find the vector & Cartesian forms of the equation of the plane passing through the
point(1,2,3) and perpendicular to the lines
22. Find the equation of a line passing through (1,2,3) and parallel to the planes xy+2z=5
and 3x+y+z=6
23.Find the vector & Cartesian forms of the equation of the line passing through the point
(1,3,2) and parallel to the planes 2x+4y+5z=1 and x3y+2z=3
46  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 26
Three dimensional geometry
(SHORTEST DISTANCE BETWEEN 2 LINES)
1)Determine whether or not the following pairs of lines intersect.If these intersect then
find the point of intersection,otherwise the shortest distance between them.
a)
and
b)
and
c)
and
d)
and
e) = (72
) +(+3+2
) and =(3)(4+2)+(2)
f) =(+5)+(++k) and =(+3+2k)+(3+2+k)
g) =(2+3k)+(+2k) and =(3k)+(+22k)
h) =(1)+(1+)+(1)k and =(1)(1)+(1)k
i) =(+2+3k)+(3+2k) and =(4+5+6k)+(2+3+k)
j) =(1t)+(t2)+(32t)k and =(s+1)+(2s1)(2s+1)k
2) Show that the lines
and
3. Find the foot of the perpendicular drawn from the point (1,6,3) to the line
4. Find the coordinates of the foot of the perpendicular drawn from the point A(1,2,1) to the
line joining the points B(14,6) and C(5, 4,4).
5. A(0,6,9), B(3,6,3) and C(7,4,1) are 3 points. Find the equation of the line AB. If D is
the foot of the perpendicular drawn from C to the line AB, find the coordinates of D.
6. A(3,2,1`), B(3,4,2) and C(4,1,) are 3 points. Find the equation of the line AB. If D is
the foot of the perpendicular drawn from C to the line AB, find the coordinates of D.
7. Find the foot of the perpendicular drawn from the point (0,2,7) to the line
8. Find the image of the points (1,6,3) on the line
9. Find the foot of the perpendicular drawn from the point (0,2,3) to the line
10. Find the equation of perpendicular from the point (3,1,11) to the line
11. Find the length of the perpendicular drawn from the point (1,3,9) to the line
49  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT29
3D GEOMETRY
(EQUATION OF A PLANE PASSING THROUGH 2 POINTS AND
PERPENDICULAR TO A PLANE/ PARALLEL TO LINE)
1. Find the equation of a line passing through the points (1,1,2) & (2,2,2), perpendicular
to the plane 6x2y+2z=9.
2. Find the equation of the plane passing through the points (3,4,1) & (0,1,0) & parallel to
a line
3. Find the equation of a plane passing through the points :
i) (1,1,0),(1,6,5) perpendicular to the plane 5x+3y17z=10.
ii) (2,3,1),(5,2,1) perpendicular to the plane x4y+5z+2=0.
iii) (2,1,1),(1,3,4) perpendicular to the plane x2y+4z=10.
iv) (2,2,1),(3,4,2) parallel to the line whose direction ratios are 7:0:6
v) (1,1,1),(0,3,3) perpendicular to x+2y+2z=5.
vi) (3,4,2),(7,0,6) perpendicular to 2x5y=15.
vii) (1,0,1),(3,2,2) parallel to the line =++(2 +3
)
viii) (1,2,3),(3,0,5) & parallel to the line
= z
4. Find the equation of the PLANE passing through the points :
i) (0,1,0),(1,1,1),(3,3,0)
ii) (0,1,1),(4,5,1),(3,9,4)
5. Find the equation of the plane throughthe following points
i) (1,1,1),(1,1,1),(7,3,5)
ii) (1,3,4),(2,1,1),(1,4,3)
iii) (1,0,1),(2,1,3),(3,2,1)
iv) (1,0,1),(1,4,2),(2,4,1)
6. Show that the following points are co planar
i) (0,1,1),(4,5,1),(3,9,4),(4,4,4)
ii) (1,0,1),(2,4,0),(3,1,2),(0,4,2)
iii) (3,1,2),(0,4,0),(1,1,1),(1,1,0)
50  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT30
3DGEOMETRY
(ANGLE BETWEEN 2 LINES/ 2PLANES/ LINE AND PLANE)
1) Find the angle between the 2 lines =25+k+(3+2+6k) ; =76k+(+2+2k)
2) Find the angle between the line = (+k) + (2+3k) & the plane .(2+k)=4
3) Find the angle between the line and the plane in the following problems.
i)=(54k)+(2+3k) , .(3+4+k)+5=0 .
=(2+3k)+(3+2k) , .(++k)=3
iii)
, 3x+4y+z+5=0
iv)
, x+y+4=0
v)
; x+y+4=0
vi)
; x2yz+13=0
4. Find the angle between the following planes:
i) 2x3y+4z=1; x+y=4
ii) x+2y+3z+1=0 ; 3xy+5=0
iii) x+2y+2z3=0 ; 3x+4y+5z+1=0
iv) 2x+yz+3=0 ; x+3y+5z+1=0
5. Find the angle between the following lines:
i) x = y =
51  P a g e
3DGEOMETRY
ASSIGNMENT31
PLANE PASSING THROUGH THE LINE OF INTERSECTION OF 2 PLANES
1) Find the equation of the plane passing through the line of intersection of the planes
x2y+z=1 , 2x+y+z=8 and parallel to the line with the direction ratio 1,2,3. Also find
the perpendicular distance of the point (3,1,2) from this plane .
2) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
the planes .(2+6)+12=0 and .(3+4k)=0 which is at a unit distance from the origin
3) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
the planes .(2++3k)=7 and .(2+5+3k)=9 passing through the point (3,2,1)
4) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
the planes x+y+z=6 ,2x+3y+4z+5=0 and passing through the point (0,1,2)
5) Find the equation of the plane which is perpendicular to the plane 5x+3y+6z+8=0 and
which contains the line of intersection of the planes x+2y+3z4=0 and 2x+yz+5=0
6) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
the planes .(++k)=6 and .(2+3+4k)=5 and passing through the point (1,1,1)
7) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
the planes 2x3y+z4=0 , xy+z+1=0 and is perpendicular to the plane x+2y3z+6=0
8) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
the planes 2x7y+4z=3 , .(35+4k)=11 and passing through the point (2,1,3)
9) Find the equation of the plane through the origin and the line of intersection of the two
planes , 5x3y+2z+5=0,3x5y2z7=0
10) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
the planes x+3yz+1=0,.(3+5k)+3=0 and at a distance of 2/3 from the origin.
11) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
the planes 2x+yz = 3 , 5x3y+4z+9=0 and is parallel to a line
12) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
the planes x2y+3z+1=0 , 3x+y2z+2=0 and is parallel to a line
13) Show that the line = (+)+(2+ j
+4k
+(4+2+k
with the plane x+y+z=2
53  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT33
3D GEOMETRY
1)Show that the following lines are coplanar. Also find the equation of the plane containing
them.
i)
& x =
ii)
&
2) Find the equation of the PLANE containing the lines =(+)+(+2k) &
= (+)+(+2k)
3)Prove that the line joining (0,2,4) & (1,1,2) & the line joining (2,3,3) & (3,2,1) are
coplanar. Find the point of intersection.
4) Show that the following lines are coplanar. Find the point of intersection and the equation
of the plane in which they lie.
i)
ii)
iii)
iv) x =
v)
54  P a g e
3D GEOMETRY
ASSIGNMENT34
(EQUATION OF A PLANE PASSING THROUGH A POINT AND PERPENDICULAR
TO 2 PLANES/ PARALLEL TO 2 LINES)
1) Find the equation of the plane passing through the pt(1,1,1) & perpendicular to each of the
planes x+2y+3z=7 , 2x3y+4z=0
2) Find the equation of the plane passing through the point(1,1,2) perpendicular to the planes
2x+3y3z=2 , 5x4y+z=6
3) Find the vector & Cartesian forms of the equation of the plane passing through (1,2,4) &
parallel to the line =+4
+(2+3+6
) ,=3+5k+(+k)
4) Find the vector & Cartesian forms of the equation of the plane passing through (1,3,2)
perpendicular to x+2y+3z=5 ; 3x+3y+z=9
5) Find the vector & Cartesian forms of the equation of the plane passing through (1,3,5)
perpendicular to 3xy+5z=1 ; x+3y2z=7
6) Find the equation of the plane through (3,1,2) & parallel to each of the lines
and
(Distance of a point from a plane/line measured parallel to line/plane)
7) Find the distance of a point(2,3,4) from the plane 3x+2y+2z+5=0 & measured parallel to the
line
8) Find the distance of a point (1,2,3) from the plane xy+z=5 & measured parallel to the line
9. Find the distance of the point (3,4,3) from the plane 2x+5y6z=16 & measured parallel to the
line
10.Find the distance of the point (2,3,4) from the line
and perpendicular to
the plane x+2y+z12=0
8) The foot of the perpendicular drawn from the origin o the plane is (2,5,7). Find the
equation of the plane.
9) Find the equation of the plane through the origin and the line of intersection of the 2
planes 5x3y+2z+5=0 , 3x5y2z7=0.
10) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the line of
intersection of the planes x+3yz+1=0 ,.(3+5k)+3=0 and at distance of 2/3 from the
origin.
11) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the line of
intersection of the planes 2x+yz=3 , 5x3y+4z+9=0 and is parallel to a line
12) Find the Cartesian and vector equation of the plane passing through the line of
intersection of the planes x2y+3z+1=0,3x+y2z+2=0 and is parallel to a line
13) Show that the line =(+)+(2++4k) is parallel to a plane .(2+k)=5 find the
distance between the line and the plane.
14) Show the line =(+)+(2++4k) is parallel to a plane .(+2k)=3 Find the distance
between the line and the plane.Also state whether the line lies in the plane.
15) Show that the line =(+k)+(4+2j+k) is parallel to a plane .(++2k)=3 Find the
distance between the line and the plane.
56  P a g e
Assignment 36
CONTINUITY
1. Show that f(x) is continuous at x=1. {
2. Given that
{
if f(x) is continuous at x=0, find a.
3. If {
is continuous at x=5, find k.
4. Find the value of k if the function {
is continuous at x=1.
5. Find the value of k for which the function {
is continuous at x=2.
6. If f(x), defined by the following, is continuous at x=0, find the values of a, b, c.
{
7. For what value of k is the function continuous at x=2? {
8. If {
is continuous at x=3, find k.
9. If {
is continuous at x=1, find k?
57  P a g e
Assignment 37
CONTINUITY
1. For what value of k is the function continuous at x=2?
{
2. Find k if the function is continuous at x=0? {
3. Find k if the function is continuous at x=
? {
4. Find k if the function is continuous at x=0? {
5. Find k if the function is continuous at x=0? {
6. Find k if the function is continuous at x=0?
{
7. Find k if the function is continuous at x=0?
{
8. For what values of a and b is the function continuous at x=3 and 5?
{
9. Show that the function is continuous at x=1?
{
10. Find p if f(x) is continuous at x=0?
{
58  P a g e
Assignment 38
CONTINUITY
1. If f(x) is continuous at x=0, find a?
{
2. For what value of a and b is the function continuous at x=3 and 5.
{
3. For what value of a and b is the function continuous at x=1 and 0.
{
4. For what value of a and b is the function continuous on [0,),
{
5. If f(x), defined by the following, is continuous at x=0, find the values of a?
{
6. Find if f is continuous at x=0. {
7. Discuss the continuity at x=1/2?
{
8. If ,
is continuous at x=2, find k?
59  P a g e
Assignment 39
DIFFERENTIATION
1. If
show that 2x
3. If
show that
.
4. If
find
.
5. If (cos x)
y
= (sin y)
x
, find
.
6. If
find
.
7. If
find
.
8. If
find
.
9. If
, prove that
.
10. If
find
.
11. If
, prove that x
=2y.
12. If
, find
.
13. If
, find
.
14. Find
15. If , prove that
16. If
find
.
17. If
show that
18. If
find
.
60  P a g e
Assignment 40
DIFFERENTIATION
(INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS)
1. If
), find
2. If
), show that
is independent of x.
3. If
, find
.
4. Differentiate
) with respect to
).
5. If
), find
.
6. If
), find
.
7. If
), find
.
8. If
), find
.
9. If
), find
10. If
, find
.
11. If
), find
12. If
.
13. If
), find
.
14. Differentiate the following with respect to x:
)
61  P a g e
Assignment 41
DIFFERENTIATION
(SECOND DERIVATIVES)
1. If ,( (
)), , find
at x=
.
2. If , show that
.
3. Prove that
4. If
, prove that
.
5. If
.
6. If
, show that
(1x
2
)
.
7. If x=sin , y=sin p, show that
(1x
2
)
.
8. If x = a cos
3
t and y = a sin
3
t find
.
9. If
show that
.
10. If x = a(cos t + t sin t), y = a(sin t t cos t), find
.
11. If x = a( ) and y = a(1cos ) find
at = /2.
12. If y = a cos(log x) + b sin(log x) then
prove that
.
13. If y = log(1+cos x) prove that
.
14. If y = x + cot x, prove that
62  P a g e
Assignment 42
APPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENTIATION
Rolles theorem:
1. Verify Rolles theorem for the function
a. f(x) = x
2
+x6 in the interval [3,2]
b. f(x) = sin x + cos x 1 on [0,
c. f(x) = x
2
2x3 on [1,3]
d. f(x) = sin x sin 2x on [0,]
2. Using Rolles theorem find the point on the parabola y = x
2
3x + 2 where the tangent
is parallel to the xaxis.
Legranges Mean Value Theorem [LMVT]
3. Verify LMVT for the following functions in the specified intervals
a. f(x) = x(x2) on [1,3]
b. f(x) = (x3)(x6)(x9) on [3,5]
c. f(x) = x(x1)(x2) on [0,1/2]
4. Using LMVT find the point on the parabola y = x2 3x where the tangent is parallel to
the chord joining (1,2) and (2,2).
Approximations
5. Find the approximate value of the following:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
6. Find the approximate value of f (2.01) where f(x) = 4x
3
+ 5x
2
+2.
7. Find the approximate value of f (1.02) where f(x) = 2x
3
2x
2
5.
8. Find the approximate value of f (2.03) where f(x) = 3x
3
4x
2
+ 6.
Increasing and decreasing functions :
1. Find the intervals on which the following functions are increasing or decreasing:
1. f(x)=2x
3
+9x
2
+12x+20
2. f(x)=x
4
2x
2
3. f(x)=5x
3
15x
2
120x+3
4. f(x)=2x
3
9x
2
+12x5
5.f(x)=x
3
12x
2
+36x+17
6.f(x)=159x+6x
2
x
3
7.f(x)=2x
3
6x
2
48x+17
8.f(x)=8+36x+3x
2
2x
3
63  P a g e
9.f(x)=sinx+cosx , 0x
2. Find whether f(x)=x
2
6x+3 is increasing or decreasing on [4,6].
3. Show that f(x)=x/2+sinx is always increasing in the interval 
.
4. Find the intervals on which the functions f(x)=
is increasing or decreasing.
5. Find the intervals on which the function f(x)=sinxcosx, 0 x is strictly increasing
or strictly decreasing.
Maxima and Minima:
1. Show that the height of the cylinder of maximum volume that can be inscribed in a sphere
of radius 20cm is
cm.
2. Show that the maximum volume of the cylinder which can be inscribed in a sphere of
radius 5 cm is 500 cm
3
.
3. Find the volume of the largest cone that can be inscribed in a sphere of radius a cm.
4. The lengths of the sides of an isosceles triangle are 9+x
2
, 9+x
2
and 182x
2
units. Calculate the
area of the triangle in terms of x and find the value of x which makes the area maximum.
5. The sum of the perimeter of a circle and a square is K, where K is a constant. Prove that the sum of
their areas in least when the side of the square is double the radius of the circle.
6. Find all the points of local maxima and minima and the maximum and minimum value of
the function, f(x)= 
+2
+100.
7. Show that a closed right circular cylinder of given T.S.A and maximum volume is such that
its height is equal to the diameter of its base.
8. Show that of all the rectangles inscribed in a given fixed circle square has the maximum
area.
9. Show that the surface area of a closed cuboid with square base and given volume is
minimum when it is a cube.
10. Find the area of the greatest isosceles triangle that can be inscribed in a given ellipse with
its vertex coinciding with one extremity of the major axis.
11. Show that the volume of the greatest cylinder that can be inscribed in a cone of height h
and semi vertical angle 30
o
is
h
3
12. If the sum of the lengths of the hypotenuse and a side of a right angled triangle is given,
show that the area of the triangle is maximum when the angle between them is 60
o
.
13. A manufacturer can sell X items at a price of Rs.(5 
+ 500). Find the number of items he should sell to earn a maximum profit.
14. Show that the height of the cylinder of maximum volume that can be inscribed in a sphere
of radius r is 2r/.
15. Show that the height of a right circular cylinder of maximum volume that can be inscribed
in a given height is h/3.
64  P a g e
16. A window is in the form of a rectangle surmounted by a semi circle. If the perimeter is
30m, find the dimensions so that the greatest amount of light may be admitted.
17. Show the semi vertical angle of a right circular cone of given T.S.A and the maximum
volume is sin
1
(1/3).
18. An open box with a square base is to be made out of given quantity of metal sheet of area
c
2
.Show that the maximum volume of the box is c
3
/6.
19. An open box with a square base is to be made out of a given iron sheet of area 27 sq.m.
Show that the maximum volume of the box is 13.5 cu.m.
20. A rectangular window is surmounted by an equilateral triangle. Given that the perimeter of
the window is 16m,find the width of the window so that maximum amount of light may
enter.
21. An open tank with square base and vertical sides is to be constructed from a metal sheet
so as to hold a given quantity of water. Show that the cost of the material will be least
when the depth of the tank is half of its width.
65  P a g e
Assignment 43
APPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENTIATION
(Tangents and Normals)
1. Find the point on the curve y=3x
2
12x +6 at which the tangent is parallel to the xaxis.
2. If the tangent to the curve y=x
3
+ ax + b at (1,6) is parallel to the line xy+5=0, find the
values of a and b.
3. Find the point on the curve y=x
3
3x where the tangent is parallel to the chord joining
(1,2) & (2, 2).
4. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve y= 5x
2
+ 6x + 7 at the point (1/2, 35/4)
5. Prove that the curves x = y
2
and xy = k cut at right angles if 8k
2
=1.
6. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve x
2
+ 3y 3 = 0 which is parallel to the line y
= 4x  5.
7. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve y = which is parallel to the line 4x
2y + 5 = 0.
8. Show that the curves xy=a
2
and x
2
+ y
2
= 2a
2
touch each other.
9. Find the points on the curve y = x
3
at which the slope of the tangent is equal to the y
coordinate of the point.
10. Find the equations of the normals to the curve y = x
3
+ 2x + 6 which are parallel to the
line x + 14y + 4 = 0.
11. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve
.
15. Find the equation to the tangent to the curve x = a sin
3
t, y = b cos
3
t, at
.
66  P a g e
Assignment 44
INDEFINITE INTEGRALS
(COMPLETION OF SQUARES)
11.
67  P a g e
Assignment 45
SUBSTITUTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
dx
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
68  P a g e
Assignment 46
PARTIAL FRACTIONS
1.
2.
7.
9.
15.
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Assignment 47
Integration by parts
2.
Special integrals
70  P a g e
70  P a g e
Assignment 48
Cancellation property
(
)
(
)
Different types of sums
2.
)
71  P a g e
71  P a g e
Assignment 49
Definite Integrals
1.
2.
3.  
4.
5.
 
6.
8.
10.
 
11.
12.
 
13.
14.
(Limit as sum)
15.
(Limit as sum)
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
(Limit as sum)
22.
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23. Evaluate
where ,
24.
25.
27.
= 1
28.
29.
30.
(Limit as sum)
32.
     
33.
34.
35.
     
36.
 
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43. (
)
44.
    
45.
46.
47.
48.
(Limit of a sum)
49.
50.
51.
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52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
     
61.
 
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68. (
)
Prove that
1.
=0
2.
4.
Hence, evaluate
)
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Assignment 50
Area under the curve
1. Find the area of the region bounded by the curves
i. y
2
=4ax and x
2
=4ay
ii. x
2
=8y and y
2
=8x
2. Find the area of triangle: A (2, 5) B (4, 7) C (6, 2).
3. Find the area of the following region :
{
}
4. Sketch the region {
}
11. Find area: {
}
12. Sketch the region enclosed between the circles x
2
+y
2
=1 and
. Also,
find the area of the region using integration.
13. Find the area of the region bounded by the curve
, (x1)
2
+y
2
=1.
ii.
, x=y
2
.
18. Find the area bounded by the lines y=4x+5, y=5x and 4y=5+x.
19. Find the area of the region {
}
20. Find the area bounded by the curve: x
2
=4y & the line x=4y2.
21. Find the area of the circle 4x
2
+4y
2
=9 which is the interior to the parabola y
2
=4x.
22. Area of triangle whose vertices are (2, 0) (4, 5) (6, 3)
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ASSIGNMENT51
Differential Equations
(Forming differential equations)
1. Form a differential equation of a family if circles in the second
quadrant and touching the coordinate axis.
2. Form a differential equation of a family of curves by x
2
+y
2
= 2ax.
3. Form a differential equation of a family of curves Y=(a+bx)e
3X
a and b
are arbitrary constants.
4. Find the differential equation rep. the family of ellipses having foci
on xaxis and centre at the origin.
5. Form a differential equation representing the family of curves give by
(xa)
2
+2y
2
=a
2
, where a is an arbitrary constant.
6. Form the differential equation representing the family of parabolas
having vertex at the origin and axis along positive direction of xaxis.
7. Form the differential equation representing the family of circles
touching the xaxis at the origin.
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Assignment52
Differential Equations
(Variable and separable)
1. solve: x(x
2
1)
=1. Y=0,x=2.
2. For the differential equation xy
)=ax+by.
6. (x
3
+x
2
+x+1)
=2x
2
+x .
7.
= ytanx, y=1,x=0.
8. 3e
x
tany dx+(2e
x
)sec
2
ydy=0 ,x=0,y=/4.
9.
1+x
2
+y
2
+x
2
y
2
,give that y=1, when x=0.
10. (x+1)
=2e
y
1, y=0 when x=0
11. e
x
dx +
=yx.
3. (x
2
y
2
)dx+2xydy=0 given that y=1,x=1.
4. ye
(x/y)
dx=(xe
(x/y)
+y)dy
5. xdyydx=
dx
6. ydx+xlog(
)dy=2xdy
7. (x cos(
)+ysin(
)y( y sin(
)+xcos(
)x
=0.
8. Find the particular solution of the differential equation satisfying
the given conditions x
2
dy+(xy+y
2
)dx=0 ,y=1, x=1.
9. Solve:
+cosec(
)=0;y=0;when x=1
10. x
2
=y
2
+2xy ;given that y=1;when x=1;
11.
+ 2ytanx=sinx.
12. x
=ytan(
)
13.
+cosec(
)=0
14. 2x
2
2xy+y
2
=0
15. (xy)(dx+dy)=dxdy
16. 2ye
dx+(y2xe
=x+2y, is
homogeneous and solve it.
18. x
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Assignment54
Differential Equations
First order differential equations
1. Find the particular solution of the differential equation
+y=x
3
.
3.(1+x
2
)
+y=tan
1
x.
4. (X
2
1)
+2xy=1/(x
2
1) .
5.(x
2
+1)
+2xy=
6. Xlogx
+y=2logx/x
7. (3x
2
+y)
+y=tanx .
+y=cosxsinx .
11. Secx
y=sinx .
12.
+secx y=tanx.
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LINEAR PROGRAMMING
1. A diet for a sick person must contain at least 4000 units of vitamins,
50 units of minerals and 1400 units of calories. Two foods A and B are
available at a cost of Rs.5 and Rs.4 per unit respectively. One unit of
the food contains 200 units of vitamins, 1 unit of minerals and 40
units of calories, while one unit of the food B contains 100 units of
vitamins, 2 units of minerals and 40 units of calories. Find what
combination of the foods A and B should be used to have least cost,
but it must satisfy the requirements of the sick person. Form the
question as L.P.P and solve it graphically.
2. A factory owner purchases two types of machines, A and B for his
factory. The requirements and the limitations for the machines are as
follows:
3. A man has Rs.1,500 for purchasing rice and wheat. A bag of rice and a
bag of wheat cost Rs.180 and Rs.120 respectively. He has the storage
capacity of at most 10 bags. He earns a profit of Rs.11 and Rs.9 per
bag of rice and wheat respectively. Formulate the above problem as
an L.P.P to maximize the profit and solve it graphically.
4. A dealer wishes to purchase a number of fans and sewing machines.
He has only Rs.5,760 to invest and has a space for at most 20 items. A
fan costs him Rs.360 and a sewing machine Rs.240. His expectation is
that he can selll a fan at a profit of Rs.22 and a sewing machine at a
profit of Rs.18. Assuming that he can sell all the items that he can buy,
how should he invest his money in order to maximise the profit?
Formulate this as a linear programming problem and solve it graphically.
Machine Area occupied Labour force Daily output
(in units)
A
1000 m2 12 men 60
B 1200 m2 8 men 40
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5. One kind of cake requires 200g of flour and 25g of fat, and another
kind of cake requires 100g of flour and 50g of fat. Find the maximum
number of cakes which can be made from 5 kg of flour and 1 kg of fat
assuming that there is no shortage of the other ingredients used in
making the cakes. Formulate the above as a linear programming
problem and solve graphically.
6. A man has Rs.1,500 for purchasing wheat and rice. A bag of rice and a
bag of wheat cost Rs.180 and Rs.120 respectively. He has a storage
capacity of only 10 bags. He earns a profit of Rs.11 and Rs.9 per bag of
rice and wheat respectively. Formulate the problem as an L.P.P to find
the number of bags of each type he should buy for getting maximum
profit and solve it graphically.
7. One kind of cake requires 300g of flour and 15g of fat, another kind of
cake requires 150g of flour and 30g of fat. Find the maximum number of
cakes which can be made from 7.5kg of flour and 600 g of fat, assuming
that there is no shortage of the other ingredients used in making the
cakes. Make it as an LPP and solve it graphically.
8. A small firm manufactures gold rings and chains. The total number of
rings and chains manufactured per day is at most 24. It takes 1 hour
to make a ring and 30 minutes to make a chain. The maximum
number of hours available per day is 16. If the profit on a ring is
Rs.300 and that on a chain is Rs.190, find the number of rings and
chains that should be manufactured per day, so as to earn the
maximum profit. Make it as an LPP and solve it graphically.
9. A factory makes two types of items A and B, made of plywood. One
piece of item A requires 5 minutes for cutting and 10 minutes for
assembling. One piece of item B requires 8 minutes for cutting and 8
minutes for assembling. There are 3 hours and 20 minutes available for
cutting and 4 hours for assembling. The profit on one piece of item A is
Rs.5 and that on item B is Rs.6. How many pieces of each type should
the factory make so as to maximize profit? Make it as an L.P.P and solve
it graphically.
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10. A library has to accommodate two different types of books on a shelf.
The books are 6 cm and 4 cm thick and weigh 1 kg and 1 1/2kg each
respectively. The shelf is 96 cm long and at most can support a weight of
21 kg. How should the shelf be filled with the books of two types in order
to include the greatest number of books? Make it as an L.P.P and solve it
graphically.
11. A merchant plans to sell two types of personal computers  a desktop
model and a portable model that will cost Rs.25,000 and Rs.40,000
respectively. He estimates that the total monthly demand of computers
will not exceed 250 units. Determine the number of units of each type
of computers which the merchant should stock to get maximum profit if
he does not want to invest more than Rs.70 lakhs and his profit on the
desktop model is Rs.4,500 and on the portable model is Rs.5,000. Make
an L.P.P and solve it graphically.
12. A factory makes tennis rackets and cricket bats. A tennis racket takes
1.5 hours of machine time and 3 hours of craftsmans time in its making
while a cricket bat takes 3 hours of machine time and 1 hour of
craftsmans time. In a day, the factory has the availability of not more
than 42 hours of machine time and 24 hours of craftsmans time. If the
profit on a racket and on a bat is Rs.20 and Rs.10 respectively, find the
number of tennis rackets and cricket bats that the factory must
manufacture to earn the maximum profit. Make it as an L.P.P and solve
graphically.
13. One kind of cake requires 200g of flour and 25g of fat and another
kind of cake requires 100g of flour and 50g of fat. Find the maximum
number of cakes which can be made from 5kg of flour and 1 kg of fat,
assuming that there is no shortage of other ingredients used in
making the cakes. Formulate the above as a linear programming
problem and solve it graphically.
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14. A dietician wishes to mix two types of foods in such a way that the
vitamin contents of the mixture contains at least 8 units of vitamin A and
10 units of vitamin C. Food I contains 2 units/kg of vitamin A and 1
unit/kg of vitamin C while Food II contains 1 unit/kg of vitamin A and 2
units/kg of vitamin C. It costs Rs.5 per kg to purchase Food I and Rs.7 per
kg to purchase Food II. Determine the minimum cost of such a mixture.
Formulate the above as a L.P.P and solve it graphically.
15. A manufacturer produces nuts and bolts. It takes 1 hour of work on
machine A and 3 hours on machine B to produce a package of nuts. It
takes 3 hours on machine A and 1 hour on machine B to produce a
package of bolts. He earns a profit of Rs.17.50 per package on nuts
and Rs.7 per package of bolts. How many packages of each should be
produced each day so as to maximize his profits if he operates his
machines for at the most 12 hours a day? Form the above as a linear
programming problem and solve it graphically.
16. A company produces soft drinks that have a contract which requires
that a minimum of 80 units of the chemical A and 60 units of the
Chemical B go into each bottle of the drink. The chemicals are available
in prepared mix packets from two different suppliers. Supplier S had a
packet of mix of 4 units of A and 2 units of B that costs Rs.10. The
supplier T has a packet of mix of 1 unit of A and 1 unit of B that cost Rs.4.
How many packets of mixes from S and T should the company purchase
to honour the contract requirement and yet minimize cost? Make a L.P.P
and solve graphically.
17. A producer has 30 units and 17 units of labour and capital
respectively to produce two types of items A and B. To produce one unit
of A, 2 units of labour and 3 units of capital are required. Similarly, 3
units of labour and 1 unit of capital is required to produce one unit of
item B.If A and B yield a profit of Rs.100 and Rs.120 per unit respectively,
how many items of each type should he produce so as to maximize the
total profit? Make the above problem as an L.P.P and solve it
graphically.
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18. A manufacturer produces nuts and bolts. It takes 1 hour of work on
machine A and 3 hours on machine B to produce a package of nuts while
it takes 3 hours on machine A and 1 hour on machine B to produce a
package of bolts. He earns a profit of Rs.2.50 per package of nuts and
Rs.1.00 per package of bolts. How many packages of each type should
he produce each day so as to maximise his profit, if he operates his
machines for at most 12 hours a day? Formulate this problem as a linear
programming problem and solve it graphically.
19. A manufacturer considers that men and women workers are equally
efficient and so he pays them at the same rate. He has 30 and 17 units
of workers (male and female) and capital respectively, which he uses to
produce two types of goods A and B. To produce one unit of A, 2
workers and 3 units of capital are required while 3 workers and 1 unit of
capital is required to produce one unit of B. If A and B are priced at
Rs.100 and Rs.120 per unit respectively, how should he use his resources
to maximize the total revenue? Form the above as an L.P.P and solve
graphically.
Do you agree with this view of the manufacturer that men and women
workers are equally efficient and so should be paid at the same rate?
20. An aeroplane can carry a maximum of 200 passengers. A profit of
Rs.500 is made on each executive class ticket out of which 20% will go to
the welfare fund of the employees. Similarly a profit of Rs.400 is made
on each economy ticket out of which 25% will go for the improvement of
facilities provided to economy class passengers. In both cases, the
remaining profit goes to the airline's fund. The airline reserves at least 20
seats for executive class. However at least four times as many
passengers prefer to travel by economy class than by the executive class.
Determine how many tickets of each type must be sold in order to
maximize the net profit of the airline. Make the above as an L.P.P and
solve graphically. Do you think more passengers would prefer to travel
by such an airline than by others?
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21. A cooperative society of farmers has 50 hectares of land to grow two
crops A and B. The profits from crops A and B per hectare are
estimated as Rs.10,500 and Rs.9,000 respectively. To control weeds, a
liquid herbicide has to be used for crops A and B at the rate of 20
litres and 10 litres per hectare, respectively. Further not more than
800 litres of herbicide should be used in order to protect fish and
wildlife using a pond which collects drainage from this land. Keeping
in mind that the protection of fish and other wildlife is more
important than earning profit, how much land should be allocated to
each crop so as to maximise the total profit? Form an L.P.P from the
above and solve it graphically. Do you agree with the message that
the protection of wildlife is utmost necessary to preserve the balance
in environment?
22. A cottage industry manufactures pedestal lamps and wooden shades,
each requiring the use of a grinding/cutting machine and a sprayer. It
takes 2 hours on grinding/cutting machine and 3 hours on sprayer to
manufacture a pedestal lamp. It takes 1 hour on grinding/cutting
machine and 2 hours on sprayer to manufacture a shade. To keep the
noise and dust pollution level under prescribed limits, a sprayer can be
used for a maximum of 20 hours per day while cutting and grinding
machine can be used for a maximum of 12 hours per day. The profit
from the sale of a lamp is Rs.5 and that from sale of a shade is Rs.3.
Assuming that the manufacturer can sell all the pedestal lamps and
shades that are made, how should he schedule his daily production to
maximize profit. Make it as an L.P.P and solve it graphically. Which
social value is indicated in the above question?
23. A cottage industry manufactures pedestal lamps and wooden shades,
each requiring the use of a cutting/grinding machine and a sprayer. It
takes 2 hours on grinding/cutting machine and 3 hours on sprayer to
manufacture a pedestal lamp. It takes 1 hour on grinding/cutting
machine and 2 hours on sprayer to manufacture a shade. On any day, to
keep the environment pollution under minimum level, sprayer can be
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used for at the most 20 hours while grinding/cutting machine can be used
for at the most 12 hours. The profit from selling a pedestal lamp is Rs.5
and for selling a shade is Rs.3. Assuming that it can sell all that it
produces, how should it schedule its daily production to maximize its
profits? Make it as an L.P.P and solve it graphically. Which value is
described in this question?
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Extra Problems
Assignment  55
Relations and functions
Equivalence relation
1.Show that the relation R on the set R of al real nos defined by R={(a,b): ab
2}
is not transitive .
2. R= {(a,b): ab is a multiple of 4} is an equivalence relation. Find the set of all
elements related to 1.
3. Show that relation R in the set Z of integers given by R={(a,b): 2 divides (ab)}
is an equivalence relation .
4.Let R be a relation defined on A={1,2,3} by R={(1,1),
(2,2),(3,3),(1,2),(2,3),(3,2),(2,1)} .Is R (i) symmetric (ii) transitive ?
5. Show that the relation S defined on the set NxN by (a,b) S (c,d) implying ad=bc is
an equivalence relation.
6.Let f: x R y be a function. Define a relation R on X given by R ={(a,b): f(a)=f(b)}.
Show that R is an equivalence relation on X.
7.Show that the relation S in the set A={x Z: 0x12} given by S={(a,b): a,b Z,
ab is divisible by 4} is an equivalence relation .Find the set of all elements related to
1.
8.Show that the relation R defined by (a,b) R (c,d) => a+d=b+c on the set NxN is an
equivalence relation.
9.Let N denote the set of all natural nos and R be the relation NxN defined by (a,b)
R(c,d) if and only if ad(b+c) = bc (a+d). Prove that R is an equivalence relation.
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Assignment56
Binary Operations
1. A binary operation * on Q is defined as a*b=ab/4. Find the identity element
on Q.
2.Let A=ZxZ and * be the binary operation on A def by (a,b)*(c,d)=(a+c,bd).
Find {(4,2)*(2,5)*(3,1)}.
3.Let * be a binary operation defined on Q such that a*b=ab/12. Check whether * is
(i) commutative (ii) associative (iii) identity element of the binary operation * in Q,if it
exists.(iv)Invertible elements in Q for the binary operation *,if there are any.
4.Is a*b=ab defined on Z
+
a binary operation ? Justify .
5.Let R be the set of all real nos and a binary * is defined on R as a*b=a+b5 , a,bR,
then find the identity element for * on R.
6. Let * be a binary operation on N given by a*b=LCM (a,b), a,b N. Find
(16*20)*40.
7.Consider the binary operation * :R x R > R and 0: R x R > R defined by a*b= ab
and a o b = 0, a,b R. Show that * is commutative but not associative . o is
associative but not commutative .
8.Let * be a binary operation defined by a*b=2a+b3. Find 3*4.
9.Define a binary operation * on the set {0,1,2,3,4,5} as
a*b= a+b if a+b 6
a+b6 if a+b 6
Show that zero is the identity element and each element a0 of the set is invertible with
6a being the inverse of a.
10. Let * be a binary operation on A defined by a*b =a
2
+ab. If 3*b=21 , find b .
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11. The binary operation * on Z defined by a*b=a+b+2; a,b Z. Find the identity
element .
12. Let A=N{0} N{0} and let * be a binary operation on A defined by
(a, b) * (c, d) = (a+c, b+d) for all (a b) A. Show that
(i) * is commutative on A (ii) * is associative on A (iii) Find the identity
element on A.
15.Let * be a binary operation on N given by a*b=HCF(a,b) a,b N .Find 22*4.
16.If the binary operation * on the set of integers Z ,is defined by a*b=a+3b
2
,then find
the value of 2*4 .
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Assignment 57
Inverse of functions
1.Let f: N R be a function defined by f(x)=4x
2
+12x+15. Show that f: NS where S
is the range of f is invertible . Find the inverse of f .
2.Show that the function f : NN defined by f(x)=2x1is not onto .
3.Show that the function f : [ ,) [ ,) defined by f(x)=x
2
+x+1 is invertible .
Find f
1
(7).
4.If f : PR be function defined by f(x)=4x
3
7. Show that function f is a bijective
function.
5. Let f(x)=
.
12.Let f : R{3/5 }R be a function defined as f(x) =
,find f
1
.
13.If f : AB is defined by f(x) =

,x R is one
to one and onto.
15.Consider the function f : R
+
x
2
+4. Show that f is invertible with inverse given by
f
1
(y) = , where R
+
is the set of nonnegative real nos.
16.What is the number of bijective functions from {1,2,3} to {0,3,5} ?
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Assignment 58
RATE OF CHANGE OF QUANTITIES
1. The volume of a spherical balloon is increasing at the rate of 25m
3
/sec. Find the
rate of change of its surface area at the instant when its radius is 5cm.
2. A stone is dropped in a quiet lake and waves move in circles at a speed of 3.5
cm/sec. At the instant when the radius of the circular wave is 7.5 cm, how fast is
the enclosed area increasing?
3. The surface area of a balloon being inflated changes at a constant rate. If initially
its radius is 3cm and after 2 sec it is 5 units, find the radius aftert seconds.
4. The length x of a rectangle is decreasing at the rate if 5cm/min and the width
y is increasing at the rate of 4cm/min. When x=8cm and y=6cm, find the rate of
change of (a) the perimeter, (b) the area of the rectangle.
5. A water tank has the shape of an inverted cone with its axis vertical and vertex
lower most. Its semivertical angle is tan
1
(0.5). Water is poured into it at a
constant rate of 5m
3
/hr. Find the rate at which the level of water is rising at the
instant when the depth of water in the tank is 4m.
6. A particle moves along the curve 6y= x
= (
)
2.
= (
)
3.
= (
)
4.
= (
)
5.
= (
)
6.
= (
)
7.
= (
)
8.
= (
)
9.
= (
)
10.
=(
)
12.
= (
)
13.
= (
)
14.
= (
)
15.
= (
)
16.
= (
)
17.
= (
)
18.
= (
)
19.



.

\

25 / 9 25 / 1 5 / 3
25 / 11 5 / 4 5 / 2
5 / 3 5 / 2 1
20.Proving sum.
21.X =
22. X = 2
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(x + 2)
= 4
ASSI GNMENT 4
1. (i) 47/2 sq. units
(ii) 16 sq. units
(iii) 95/2 sq. units
(iv) 35 sq. units
(v)
) 
) +
))
2. Proving sum.
3. Proving sum. 4. (i) x=5 (ii) x = 57
5.(i) y = 2x (ii) x3y = 0 (iii) x5y+17=0
6. x = a (or) x = b, x=0 7. x =
ASSI GNMENT 5
1. x =
\

3 2
2 1
ASSI GNMENT 6
1. x = 2; y = 1; z = 2
2. x = 2; y = 1; z = 4
3. x = 2; y = 1; z = 2
4. x = 2; y = 1; z = 3
5. x =1; y = 2; z = 5
6. x = ; y =0; z =
7. x = 2; y = 1; z = 2
8. No soln.
9. x = 3; y = 2; z = 1 10. x = 1; y = 2; z = 1
11. x = 4; y = 0; z = 2 12. x = 1; y = 2; z = 3
13. x = 28/5 ; y = 24/5 ; z = 0 4. (a) x = ; y = 1/3 ; z = 1/5 (b) x = 2; y = 3; z = 5
(
) ; x = 3 ; y = 2; z = 1 16.(
) ; x = 2 ; y = 1 ; z = 4
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ASSI GNMENT 7
1. Proving sum.
2. X = 3
3. X = 2
4. X = 2
ASSIGNMENT 14
(1) 4 / t +X/2
(2) X/2
(3)

.

\


.

\

5
4
sin ,
5
3
cos
1 1
( 4) x+ 4 / t
(5) x+ 
.

\

13
12
sin
1
(6) x x
1 1
sin sin
+
(7) 1
(10)
3
7 2 +
= x
(11) x=1/4 , x 8 =
(12) x=4/3 , 3/8 not possible
(13) x=0, x=1/2, x = 1/2
(14) x=1 3 2 4 +
(15) x=0, x= 4 / t
(17)
2
3 a
ASSI GNMENT 15
1. P(A/B) = 3/14
P(AUB) = 0.85
2. P(E/F) = 2/5
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3. P(E/F) = 5/9
4. 2/3
5. 1/3
6. 1/2
7. 10/21; 30/47
8.
9. 3/14 ; 0.85
10. 2/5
11. 1/7
12. P(both odd) =
ASSI GNMENT 16
1. 14/15, 2/5
2. 16/81, 20/81, 40/81
3.0.03, 0.28, 0.22
4. 13/30;1/60
5. 0.216; 0.432; 0.064
6. 16/121; 49/121; 56/121
7. 1/24; 1/3; 1/3; 3/8
8. 3/8
9.55/189
10. 9/28
11. 4/7
12. 42(0.5)
6
13. 3/10
14. 19/45
15. 38%
16. 437 /500 (or) 87.4%
101  P a g e
101  P a g e
ASSI GNMENT  17
1. 93/154
2. 29/63
3.29/45
4. 39/121
5. 360/715
6. 105/442
7. 103/204.
ASSIGNMENT 18
1.
X
i
0 1 2
P
i
144/169 24/169 1/169
2.
X
i
0 1 2 3
P
i
1724/2197 432/2197 36/2197 1/2197
3.
X
i
0 1 2 3
P
i
64/125 48/125 12/125 1/125
4.
X
i
0 1 2
P
i
144/169 24/169 1/169
5.
X
i
0 1 2
P
i
25/36 10/36 1/36
Mean=1/3; variance=5/18.
6..
X
i
0 1 2
P
i
4/9 4/9 1/9
Mean=2/3 Variance=4/9
7. Mean = 6/5 Variance= 14/25
8. Mean= 9/4 Variance= 3/16
102  P a g e
102  P a g e
9. Mean= 135/64 Variance= 99/32
10.
X
i
0 1 2 3 4
P
i
625/1296 500/1296 150/1296 20/1296 1/1296
11 Same as Qn.8
12.
X
i
0 1 2 3
P
i
5/143 40/143 70/143 28/143
.
ASSIGNMENT 19
1. 11/13 2. 36/52 3. (i)
(ii) x 4. (
)
5. (
) 6. (
) 7.
8. (
) 9.
10.
5
ASSIGNMENT 20
1.
5 7
6
1
6
5

.

\


.

\

2.
6
3
1
1

.

\

(q+p)
n
=
6
3
2
3
1

.

\

+ 3. 1. 5/16 2. 1/64 3. 63/64
4. mean=2 variance =1 5.
27
3
1
3
2

.

\

+ 6. 821/3125 7. 1. 19/144 2. 25/216.
8. 13 /16. 9. .
7
50
47
50
71

.

\

10. 1. 11/576 2. 17/64
11. 124/216, 75/216, 15/216, 1/216
12. 7/27 13. P=1/5, (0.8+0.2)
5
14.
36
6
1
6
5

.

\

+ 15. 716/729
16.
12
4
3
4
1

.

\

+ 17. (1/4)
5
, 90(1/4)
5
, (3/4)
5
18. i. (19/20)
5
ii.( 6/5) (19/20)
4
iii. 1( 6/5) (19/20)
4
4. 1(19/20)
5
19. 4547/8192
20. 1/16
103  P a g e
103  P a g e
ASSIGNMENT 21
1. (i)
(ii)
2. (i)
(ii)
3.
2
2 2 2
150
50 75 100
C
C C C +
4.
2
2 2 2
15
4 6 5
C
C C C + +
5. (i)
81
16
(ii)
81
20
(iii)
81
40
6. (i)
3
3
18
10
C
C
(ii)
3
3
18
8
C
C
(ii)
3
1 2
18
8 10
C
C X C
7.
4
2 2
9
4 5
C
C X C
8. (i) 36/121 (ii) 25/121 (iii) 60/121
9.
11
6
13
8
11
5
11
5
13
5
11
6
+ 10.
5
2 2
20
10 19
C
C X C
11.
11
5
13
6
13
8
11
6
13
7
13
5
+
12. 1


.

\
 + + +
2
2 2 2 2
14
4 4 3 3
C
C C C C
13.
3
3
15
8
C
C
14. 2


.

\

4
1 3
6
3 3
C
C X C
15. 1/10
16. 1/5 17.
2
2
25
12
C
C
18. 
.

\

! 4
1
1
24
23
ASSIGNMENT 22
1. 3/5, 2/5 (2) 2/3 , 1/3 (3) 3/7, 4/7 (4)6/11, 5/11 (5) 36/91, 30/91, 25/91 (6) 4/7, 2/7,
1/7. 8. 30/61 (9) 9/17, 8/17 (10)6/11, 5/11
ASSIGNMENT 23
1. 7. 2.
7
3 k j i +
3.drs proportional 4. 5. (i)
7
3 k j i +
(ii)
69
k j i +
6. 4 7. 2 / 5 = 8. 8/7 9.


.

\

5050
2
cos
1
13.


.

\

18
4
cos
1
14. k j i
2
+
15. )
(
3
1
k j i 16. )
\

3
1
cos
1
12. 2 / 5 =
13.
3
5 k j i + +
Asignment 25
1. a.
=y2=z5 b.
c.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7. (
,1)
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
15.
=3++2
+(2+
)
16.
17.
18
=3+2
+(7+3
)
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
Asignment 26
105  P a g e
105  P a g e
1. a. (
)
b. (
)
c. units
d. 3
e.
f.
g.
h. (1, 1, 1)
i.
j.
2. (
)
3. (4, 0, 1)
Asignment 27
(Image, Foot of the perpendicular, Length of a perpendicular from a point to a
plane)
1. (3, 5, 2)
2. (3, 6, 11)
3. (3, 1, 6)
4. (
5. (6, 0, 8)
6. eqn :
units
10.
11. 17 units
Assignment 28
Three Dimensional Geometry
106  P a g e
106  P a g e
(Image, Foot of the perpendicular, Length of a perpendicular from a point to a
line)
1. (5/3, 2/3, 19/3)
2. units
3.
4. (3, 4, 5)
5. (1,2, 5)
6. (1, 2, 1)
7. (
8. (1, 0, 7)
9. (2, 3, 1)foot = (2, 5, 7) ; eqn :
; length = units
10. 21 units
Assignment 29
Three Dimensional Geometry
Equation of a plane Passing through 2 points and perpendicular to the plane /
parallel to the line
1. 2x+2y4z+8=0
2. 8x13y+15z+61=0
3. (i)4xy+z3=0
(ii)25x15y17z78=0
(iii) 18x+13y+2z47=0
(iv) 12x+15y14z68=0
(v) 2x+2y3z+3=0
(vi)5x+2y3z17=0
(vii) 4xy2z6=0
(viii) 7x11y+z+18=0
4 (i)4x3y+2z3=0
107  P a g e
107  P a g e
(ii)5x7y+11z+4=0
5. (i) 3x4z+1=0
(ii)33xy+7z58=0
(iii) xy1=0
(iv) 4x3y+12z8=0
Assignment 30
1. =
. =
3. (i) =
(ii) =
(iii) =
(iv) =
(v) =
(vi) =
4. (i) =
(ii) =
(iii) =
(iv) =
5. =
Assignment 31
1. eqn of the plane : x2y+z1 = 0
108  P a g e
108  P a g e
Perpendicular dis :
2. Cartesian Eqns : 2x+y+2z+3 = 0
x2y+2z3 = 0
Vector eqns :.(2 + + 2
) + 3 = 0
.(  2 + 2
)  3 = 0
3. Cartesian eqn: 6x + 7y + 9z 23 = 0
Vector eqn :.(6 + 7 + 9
)  23 = 0
4. Cartesian eqn : 22x + 25y + 28z  81 = 0
Vector eqn :.(22 + 25 + 28
)  81 = 0
5. eqn : 51x + 15y 50z + 173 = 0
6. Cartesian eqn : 20x + 23y + 26z 69 = 0
Vector eqn :.(20 + 23 + 26
)  69 = 0
7. Cartesian eqn : x 5y  3z 23 = 0
Vector eqn :.(  5  3
)  23 = 0
8. Cartesian eqn : 15x 47y + 28z 7 = 0
Vector eqn :.(15  47 + 28
)  7 = 0
9. Cartesian eqn : 25x 23y 2z = 0
10. 4x + 2y + 4z + 4 = 0 ( = 1)
X + 3y z + 1 + 35/59 (3x y + 5z + 3) = 0 ( =
)
11. Cartesian eqn : 7x + 9y  10z 27 = 0
Vector eqn :.(7 + 9  10
)  27 = 0
12. Cartesian eqn : 40x + 11y  23z + 27 = 0
Vector eqn :.(40 + 11  23
) + 27 = 0
13. perpendicular distance =
14. perpendicular distance = 0
15. perpendicular distance = 0
109  P a g e
109  P a g e
Assignment 32
1. Point = (1,1,1)
2. Points = (2,1,3) (
)
3. Distance = 13 units.
4. Point = (1,4,3)
5. Point = (3,4,1)
6. Point = (5,5,4)
7. Distance = 6 units.
Assignment 33
1. (ii) Eqn : x + y + z = 0
2. Eqn : x y z =0
3. Eqn : 12x 4y + 4z +24 = 0
4. (i) 17x 47y 24z +172 = 0
(ii) Not coplanar
(iii) 53x 34y z +18 = 0
(iv) x + y + z = 1
(v) 13x + 16y + 18 z 89 = 0
Assignment 34
1. 17x + 2y 7z 12 = 0
2. 15x 17y 7z + 12 = 0
3. 9x 8y + z + 11 = 0; .(9  8 +
) + 11 = 0
4. .(7  8 + 3
) + 25 = 0 7x8y+3z+25=0
110  P a g e
110  P a g e
5. 13x 11y 10z +4 = 0; .(13  11  10
) + 4 = 0
6. x y z 2 = 0
7. 7 units
8. 1 unit
9. 6
10. 17/2
Assignment 35
1. Eqn : 3x + 2y +2z 13 = 0
Distance : / 11 units
2. Eqn : 2x 2y z 5 = 0
Distance : 5/3 units
3. Eqn : 2x 3y + 3z 1 = 0
4. Eqn : 3x 4y + 7z +13 = 0
Assignment 36
Continuity
2. a =8. 3. K=10. 4. K=4. 5. K=
6. A=
, b1, c=
7. K=5. 8. K=6.
9. k=4 10. K=1.
Assignment 37
Continuity
1. K=3. 2. K=
Assignment 38
Continuity
111  P a g e
111  P a g e
1. A=
2. A=
, b=
]
5.
6.
)
7. cosx.
(xsecxcosecx+log(tanx)).
8. x
cotx
((cotx/x)cosec
2
xlogx)+sinx
x
(xcotx+logsinx)
10. ( )

.

\

+ x x
x
x
x x x x x
x x
log sin
cos
) tan log(cos ) (cos
cos
12.


.

\

+ +
x x
x x
x
x
x
x
2
1
1
1
) log cos
sin
sin
13.
( ) ( ) x x x x x
x x
sin log cot sin 55 log cot
sin log
+ +
14.
16.
.
18
.
Assignment 40
Differentiation: Inverse trigonometric functions:
1.
2.
3.
4. 1.5.
6.. 7.
8.
9.
.10.
.11.
.13. 2
2
x
log2 14.
Assignment 41
Differentiation: Second Order Derivatives:
1.
8.
. 10.
.11. 1/a.
112  P a g e
112  P a g e
Assignment 42
Applications of derivatives: (Rollesthm, LMVT)
1. (a) c=1/2 (b)
(c) 1 (d)


.

\

8
33 1
cos
1
(2) (3/2, 1/4)
3. (a) c=2, (2,0) (b) 23.6/6 (c) 0.24
4. c=3/2 (3/2, 9/4)
5. (a) 0.2083 (b) 2.000976 (c) 4.000781
(d) 0.1925 (e)0.06083
6. 54.68 (7) 4.96 8. 14.6
Assignment 43
Tangents and Normals
1. (2,6) 2. a=2, b=5 3.


.

\

9
21 2
,
3
21
4. 4x4y+33=0 6. 4x7y=35
7.4x2y=1 9. (0,0) (3,27) 10.X+14Y254=0, X+14Y+86=0 11.X20Y=7 12. 48X24Y=23 13.(2,7)
(3,6) Y=7, Y=6 14. 2 3 2 2 = y x
15.4bx+4ay=2 2 ab
Assignment 44
Completion of Squares
1.
)
2. (

3. *
)+
4. 

113  P a g e
113  P a g e
5.
6.
7.
)
8.
)
9.
)
10.
)
11.

12.

13.

14.
)
15. 
)
16.
/
17. 

18.

19. 

20.

Assignment 45
Substitution
1.
2.
3.

4.
5.  
114  P a g e
114  P a g e
6.
7.

8.

9.

10.
11. 

12.
)

13. 

14.
15.  
16.

17.  
18.  
19.

Assignment 46
Partial Fractions
1.
 
2.
 
 
3.
 
 
4.    
5.

6.    
7.  
8.
 
9.
 
10.
* 
+
115  P a g e
115  P a g e
11.
 
12.


13.
( 
)
14.
15.
 
 
 
16. 
17. (
)
Assignment 47
Integration by parts
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
)
6.
 
7.
Special Integrals
1.

2.

3.

4.
116  P a g e
116  P a g e
5.

6.
/
Assignment 48
Cancellation Property
1.
2.
3.
4.
)
5.
6.
7.
Different Types of Sums
1.
2.
 
3.
Assignment 49
Definite Integrals
1.
2.
3.
4.
5. 0
117  P a g e
117  P a g e
6.
7. 9
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18. 47
19.
20.
21.
22. Proving sum,
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
118  P a g e
118  P a g e
29.
30.
31. 29
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
( )
38. Proving sum
39.
40.
41. Omit
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51. 78
119  P a g e
119  P a g e
52.
Assignment 50
Area under Curve
1. I)
sq. units
ii)
sq. units
2. 9 sq. units119
3.
sq. units
4. 6 sq. units
5.
sq. units
6. 5 sq. units
7.
sq. units
8. sq. units
9. 3 sq. units
10.
) sq. units
11.
sq. units
12.
sq. units
13.
sq. units
14. 3 sq. units
15.
sq. units
16. I)
sq. units
II)
sq. units
120  P a g e
120  P a g e
17.
) sq. units
18.
sq. units
121  P a g e
121  P a g e
TYPES OF PROBLEMS
(Chapterwise)
RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS:
Equivalence relation
Find an inverse of a function.
Composition of functions.
Binary Operations.
INVERSE TRIGNOMETRIC FUNCTIONS:
Principle Values.
Prove the equality.
Solve for X.
Simplify to the simplest form.
MATRICES:
Construction of a matrix.
Transpose of a matrix (AB)
T
=B
T
A
T
.
Symmetric and Skew Symmetric Matrix.
Given a matrix A prove an algebraic equation hence fine inv(A).
Inverse of a matrix by elementary transformations.
Solving the system of equations by matrix method.
Singular Matrix.
Induction.
(AB)
1
=B
1
A
1
.
BAC=D, Find A(where B,C,D are square matrices).
DETERMINANTS:
Area of a Triangle.
Equation of a line.
122  P a g e
122  P a g e
Properties of a Determinant.
DIFFRENTIAL CALCULUS:
Discuss the continuity of the given function.
Find the values of a and b if the function is continuous.
Differentiation.
Implicit Function.
Inverse Function.
Parametric Function.
Log Function.
Second Derivative.
Rolles and LMVT.
APPLICATION OF DERIVATIVES:
Rate of change.
Tangents and Normals.
Increasing and Decreasing Functions.
Approximations.
Maxima and Minima.
INTEGRATION:
Simplify and Integrate.
Substitution.
Partial Fraction.
Parts.
Special Integrals.
Definite Integrals.
Limit of Sum.
Properties of Definite Integrals.
APPLICATIONS OF INTEGRALS:
123  P a g e
123  P a g e
Area of standard curves viz Parabola, Ellipse, Circle.
Area enclosed between the two curves.
Area of the triangle.
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:
Order and Degree.
Formations of differential equations.
Verifications of a given equation as solution of a differential equation.
Variable Separable.
Homogeneous Equations.
Linear Equations.
VECTORS:
Addition of vectors.
Sections Formulae.
Dot Product.
Cross Product.
Extra Problems in Dot Product.
Extra Sums in Cross Product.
Scalar Triple Product.
PLANES:
Passing through three points.
CoPlanar Points.
A point and drs of Normal is given.
Passing through a point and parallel to a plane.
Two points and perpendicular to a plane.
One point and perpendicular to two planes.
A point and normal to a line joining two points.
Line of intersection of two planes and a point.
Line of intersection of two planes and perpendicular to a plane.
124  P a g e
124  P a g e
Line of intersection of two planes and at a distance of some unit from
another point.
Distance between the parallel planes.
Angle between two planes.
LINES AND PLANES:
Passing through two points.
Point of intersection of a line and a plane.
Distance of a point from the point of intersection of a line and a
plane.
Distance of a plane from a point measured parallel to a line.
Distance of a line from a point measured parallel to a plane.
Foot of the perpendicular from a point on a plane.
Image of a point.
Foot of the perpendicular from a point on a line.
Plane passing through intersection of two planes and passing through
a third point.
Plane through intersection of two planes and parallel to a line.
Equation of a plane through the two points and parallel to a line.
Equation of a plane through the one point and parallel to two lines.
Equation of a line through a point and perpendicular to two lines.
Co Planar Lines.
Shortest Distance between two skew lines.
Angle between a line and a plane.
Equation of a plane containing a line/containing two parallel lines:
A Point.
Perpendicular Plane.
Parallel to a line.
Angle between two lines.
LINEAR PROGRAMMING PROBLEMS(LPP):
Manufacturing problems.
125  P a g e
125  P a g e
Diet problems.
Transportation problems.
PROBABILITY:
Conditional Probability.
Independent Events.
Bayes Theorem.
Random Variable.
Probability Distribution.
Mean and Variance.
Binomial Distribution.
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