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1 - ........................................6
1.1 ...........................................................................................................................................6
1.2 - ():............................................................................7
1.2.1 ...................................................................................................8
1.2.2 "modal" .............................................................................................8
1.2.3 ..................................................................................................................................8
1.2.4 .....................................................................................................................9
1.2.5 ............................................................9
1.2.6 , .....................................................................................................9
1.2.7 .........................................................................................................9
1.2.8 (Project File) - ...........................................................10
1.2.9 ....................................................................................10
1.2.10 .........................................10
1.2.11 (GVP).......................................................................................................11
1.2.12 (Customization Window)..................................................................................11
1.2.13 ....................................................................................................12
1.2.14 OLE DB......................................................................................................12
1.3 - ().................................................................................................12
1.4 -........................................................................................15
1.4.1 .....................................................................................................................................15
1.4.2 .........................................................................................................15
1.4.3 .................................................................................................................16
1.4.4 ......................................................................................................................17
1.4.5 ........................................................................................................17
1.4.6 ...............................................................................................................................18
2 ................................................................18
2.1 .............................................................................................................................18
2.2 ................................................................................................18
2.3 / ...................................................................................................19
2.4 ...............................................................................................................22
2.4.1 .......................................................................................................................22
2.4.2 .............................................................................................................................24
2.5 ........................................................................................24
2.5.2 .......................................................................................................................24
2.6, . ......................................25
2.6.1 , ,
....................................................................................................................................25
2.6.2 .........................................................................25
2.6.3 .............................................................................29
2.6.4 .......................................................................................................31
2.6.5 ......................................................................................32
2.7 ; .........................................................34
2.8 ...........................................................................................................38
2.9 ........................................................................................................................39
2.10 ..................................40
3 . ......................................................................................41
3.1 ................................................................................................41
3.2 ................................................................................................44
3.2.1, ..............................................................44
3.2.2.......................................................................................................................................46
3.2.3 ..........................................................49
3.2.4 ..............................................................................52
3.3 ....................................................................................................................55
3.3.1..............................................................................................................................................55
3.3.2 ...............................................................................................56

- 1

3.3.3 ..................................................................58
3.3.4 ()..............................................................60
3.3.5 .........................................................................................61
3.4 ...................................................................................62
4 ..............................................................................................64
4.1 ................................................................................64
4.2 ................................................................67
4.2.1 ............................................................................................68
4.2.2 ................................................................................................68
4.2.3 .......................................................................69
4.2.4 ......................................................................................70
4.2.5 .....................................................................................70
4.3 . ...........................................................................................................71
4.4 ........................................................................................................................71
5 .......................................................................................................74
5.1 ....................................................................................................................74
5.2 ........................................................................................................................75
5.3 ................................................................................................................77
5.3.1 .............................................................................................................................77
5.3.2 ..............................................................................................................................79
5.3.3 ........................................................................................................80
5.3.4 ...............................................................................................81
5.3.5 ................................................................................................................81
5.3.6 UNFOLD .........................................................................................................85
5.4 ........................................................87
5.4.1 GRADE ...............................................................................................87
5.4.2 ESTIMA ...............................................................................................88
5.4.3 ( ).................................................................................93
5.4.4 .............................................................................................................93
5.4.5 ...............................................................................................................................93
5.4.6 ...................................................................................................................................96
5.4.7 ......................................................................................................................99
5.5, ....100
5.5.1 ......................................................................................................................100
5.5.2 ....................................................................................102
6 ..................................................................................................................................103
6.1 ..............................................................................................104
6.1.1 MODRES............................................................................................................................104
6.1.2 TRIVAL .............................................................................................................................106
6.1.3 TONGRAD.........................................................................................................................106
6.1.4 PANELEST.........................................................................................................................106
6.1.5 TABRES.............................................................................................................................106
6.2 ...................................107
6.2.1 ( ) ......................................................................................107
6.3 .................................................................................................................111
6.3.1 ...................................................................................................111
6.3.2 ;
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..................................................................................................................................112
6.3.3 .............................................................118
6.3.4 ............................................................120
6.3.5 SMUHIS..............................................................................................................................124
6.3.6 SMUMOD...........................................................................................................................126
6.3.7 FFUNC................................................................................................................................127
6.3.8 . .........................................................127
7 - .......................128
7.1 ..................................................128
7.1.1 ...................................................................................................128
7.1.2........................................................................................................................................129
7.1.3 .............................................................................................................................129

- 2

7.1.4 ...........................................................................................129
7.1.5 .....................................................................................................................129
7.1.6 .........................................................................................129
7.1.7 ...............................................................................130
7.1.8 .............................................................................................................................130
7.1.9 ..............................................................................130
7.1.10 ..................................................................................................................132
7.1.11 ..........................................132
7.2 ............................................................................133
7.3 ..........................................................................................................134
7.3.1 ...........................................................................................................................................134
7.3.2 -.....................................................................................................135
8.3.2 -......................................................................................................................136
8.3.3 ........................................................................................137
8.3.4 ............................................................137
8.3.5 .................................................................................138
........................................................................................................................................................139
........................................................................................................................................................139

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1-3 SURVEY (. ).
4-6 - SAMPLE1 - SAMPLE6
7 - COLLAR
:
(1) ( ,
)
(2) .
(3)
.
(4) ( FROM) (
TO).
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(6) .
(7) XCOLLAR, YCOLLAR ZCOLLAR .
.
.
, ,
(.2.2) , , , .
BLID (
), 2.6.2.

2.2.
.

- 30

2.6.4

.
) , Excel
( 2.3):
() TCOLLAR
TSURVEY
, .. TSAMPLE1,2

.
)
, .

.
, TRENCH,
. Z
.
(.
5.3)
project-string-onto-wf ( ptw)
3- .
. 2.3.
3-
,
.

3-

2.3. .

, Z
EXTRA
.
string-to-drillhole ( stdh)
,
, .. .

( BHID) .
: Excel.
TRENCH, PTN, XP, YP, ZP BHID,
FROM, A0, B0 - .
:
o TCOLLAR : BHID=TRENCH, XCOLLAR=XP, YCOLLAR=YP,
ZCOLLAR= ZP ( ),
.
o TSURVEY : BHID=BHID, AT=FROM, BRG=A0, DIP=B0,
.

- 31

,
.
.

)
. ,
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TCOLLAR TSURVEY.
3- ( ),
,
.
.

2.6.5

.
, .
, :





Excel ( 2.3).
3 :
UCOLLAR
USURVEY
, .. USAMPLE1,2
.
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2.

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(. 2.4).
-
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- 32

2.4.
.

( )
Excel (
) .
BHID, , ,
, . .
2.5.

2.5.
,
, (DIP=0),
( DIP=90) = 0. 2.5. ,
,
.

, ,
( )
( ). :
,
. ( ) .

- 33

, Z
. , Z
.
,
Excel, UCOLLAR USURVEY
(. 2.6.4).
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()
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2.7

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STATS,
( ):
FILE: c:\database\voronts\modgkz\hol2b.dm VARIABLE () :AU
--------------------------------------------------------------------------TOTAL NUMBER OF RECORDS ( )
29739
NUMBER OF SAMPLES ( )
29662

- 34

NUMBER OF MISSING VALUES ( )


77
NUMBER OF VALUES > TRACE ( , ) 29085
MAXIMUM
()
39.0000
MINIMUM
()
0.0000
RANGE
( )
39.0000
TOTAL
( )
147258.5900
MEAN
()
4.9646
VARIANCE
()
46.49
STANDARD DEVIATION ( )
6.819
STANDARD ERROR
( )
0.3959E-01
SKEWNESS
()
2.668
KURTOSIS
()
8.247
GEOMETRIC MEAN
( )
2.3258
SUM OF LOGS
( )
24549.9508
MEAN OF LOGS
( )
0.8441
LOGARITHMIC VARIANCE ( )
1.7803
LOG ESTIMATE OF MEAN ( )
5.6644
.
,
.
.

. STATNP.
:
VARIABLE () AU
-------TOTAL NUMBER OF RECORDS ( )
NUMBER OF SAMPLES
( )
NUMBER OF MISSING VALUES ( )
MAXIMUM
()
MINIMUM
()
RANGE
( )
MID-RANGE ( )
MEDIAN
()
MEDIAN DEVIATION ( )
10TH PERCENTILE (10% )
90TH PERCENTILE (90% )

56044
56044
0
593.7000
0.0000
593.7000
296.8500
1.1000
3.1225
0.1000
9.2000

,
.
HISTOG HISFIT.
Excel
HISTOG (. 2.6). (HISFIT)
, 2- ,
(. 2.7).

- 35

Au
(. ), %

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0.1

1
10
,
%
.
Au, /, %

2.6.
Excel

()

100

2.7.
,
,
CORREL. :

CORRELATION MATRIX
==================
AU
CD
CU
PB

AG
AU
CD
CU

AG
1.0000
0.5939 1.0000
0.4938 0.3787 1.0000
0.5103 0.3804 0.5851 1.0000

ZN

- 36

PB
0.5580 0.3989 0.5725 0.7267 1.0000
ZN
0.5394 0.4050 0.7452 0.7338 0.8440 1.0000,

. ,
, , .
,
. Excel
.
POLREG.
, Excel ,
, (. 2.8).
:
, , ..

Zn - Pb

y = 1.6664x + 0.4677
R2 = 0.7122

15

40
35
30
Zn,%

25
20
15
10
5
0
5

10

20

Pb,%

2.8. (),
Excel.
,
.
, .

, .
:









- 37

2.8

( ,
.), .

,
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.
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()
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. .

( 10). ,
( . 2.8).
(90-100% ) 40% ,
.

( . 2.8).
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3.7 /
2.8.

, %
0-10
1110
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4.805
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10-20
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0.010
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11.522
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20-30
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30-40
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40-50
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50-60
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88.946
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60-70
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0.160
141.922
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70-80
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0.290
243.590
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80-90
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0.426
0.290
0.640
472.534
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90-100
1106
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305.310
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84.57%
11096
0.633
0.000
305.310
7022.301
100.00%
90-91
111
0.677
0.640
0.720
75.161
1.27%
91-92
111
0.777
0.720
0.840
86.204
1.45%
92-93
111
0.896
0.840
0.950
99.474
1.67%
93-94
111
1.029
0.950
1.120
114.198
1.92%
94-95
111
1.238
1.120
1.390
137.390
2.31%
95-96
111
1.587
1.390
1.790
176.153
2.97%
96-97
111
2.046
1.790
2.350
227.100
3.82%
97-98
111
2.899
2.360
3.690
321.840
5.42%
98-99
111
5.497
3.700
8.660
610.180
10.27%
99-100
107
38.234
8.670
305.310
4091.070
68.89%
1106
5.370
0.640
305.310
5938.770
100.00%

- 38

,
, .. ,
.
,
, 100%. -
() .

, (. 2.9)
,
95 99%.
.
,
.
(Au - )
2 -

Au, /

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

2.9.
.

2.9

()
, .
,
, , , ..

.
DECLUST,
.
:

:
o (
)
o (
)
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3-

- 39

. 2.10.
DECLUST 10*10 .

2.10. : , ,

2.10

,
.

,
Excel. ,
.
,
.
,
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.
, :

JOIN 2 .
.

ANYJOI , ,

- 40

SUBJOI 2 .
.

SUBWVE - ,
.

APPEND () 1 .

SPLAT

WEAVE - 2 .
.

3 .
3.1

60-
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- 41

-, ,
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- 42

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- 43

)
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- 44

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- 45



.
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3.2.2

.
, :

* =

1 N( h )
[ Z( x i + h ) Z( x i ) ] 2

2N( h ) i=1

(3.1)

xi , Z(xi) N(h) (xi, xi


+h), h.
,
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.
2- 3-
. ()

.

( Z( x i ) Z( x i + h ) ) 2 ,

.
1. xi ,
.
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), - ..

VGRAM. .
24 ,
, 24
.
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.
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.

- 46


.
, ..

, ,
,


(AZI)
(DIP), .
AZI DIP.
, AZI DIP 0, 45,
30, : 0/0 , 0/30 ,
0/60 , 0/90 , 45/0 , 45/30 , ..... 315/90.

,
. ,
250 35 0,
.
. 3-
, .

Y. AZI DIP,
.
2- :
. ,
:
AZI
-
DIP
- , XY
HORINC
-
VERINC
-
NUMHOR
-
NUMVER
-
DIP = 900, () .
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0. HORANG VERANG
, AZI
DIP. , (.3.2).

. .
AZI DIP -.
.
(KEY field),
, .
. ,
KEYMETH:
1 ,

2 - ,

3

3 : LAG (), LAGTOL () NLAGS (
), .
,
NSUBLAG, ,

- 47

. .
0 . .
( NSUBLAG) ,
LAGTOL/NSUBLAG.



CYLRAD. ,
. ,
(. 3.2).
1 3 4. 2
, 5 .
, CYLRAD = 0.
( 24) , F1 , F2 , ... F24.
, (F1) .
2- ,
CROSSVAR. , -,
,

,
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XY,
. 2- :
SPACING
-
()
,
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LAYMETH
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, 1 ,
2 .
LAYER
.
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( VERANG) .

(F1)
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() - 1, 0.
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INDSTEP
-
INDMIN
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INDNUM
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. , .
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Ci - i, 1 <= i <= 24.
C0 .
Cn+1 - .
n - .
Ii - i.
g - .
:
g <= Ci, Ii = 0.
g > Ci, Ii = 1.

- 48

Nested Method, Bottom Up ( ):


g <= Ci-1, Ii = - ( ).
Ci-1 < g <= Ci, Ii = 0.
g >Ci , Ii = 1.
Nested Method, Top Down ( ):
g <= Ci , Ii = 0.
Ci < g <= Ci+1, Ii = 1.
g > Ci+1, Ii = - ( ).
- ,
. ,
.
.
:
GRADE
- ,
GRADE2
-
CUTOFF
-
KEY
-
KEYMETH
-
LAYER
-
AZI
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DIP
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WDIP
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NO.PAIRS
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VGRAM
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PWRVGRAM -
LOGVGRAM -
NSAMPLES - ,
AVGRADE
- ( )

AVGRADE2 - ()
VRGRADE
- ( )

AVLGRADE - ( )

AVLGRAD2 - ()
VRLGRADE - ( )

ANGLEn
- (1-3)
AXISn
- , (1-X, 2-Y, 3-Z)

. .
, , ..
.

3.2.3
,
- ,
h.
,

- 49

, .
.
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3.2. ,
VGRAM.
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.

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- 50

,

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(Snowden).
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: 0-180 . ,
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, - (1 ),
(, ).
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(.
3.3.).

3.3. .
, .
: AZI=3250, DIP=400.
,
,
, .
(. 3.3.).
,
. () (
) ( ).
( )
.

, ,

- 51

(, ) 20-40
. ,

- . ,
,
.
1/2 , ..
.
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.
,
. 3.4.

0.9
0.8
.

0.7
0.6
1

0.5

0.4

0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

3.4. Ag

( )
. ,
, ,

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:
, ,

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.

3.2.4
,
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- 52

,
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2- .
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(

)

.
1.4

1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

20

40

60

80

100

..

3.5. Zn 3-

- 53

(. 3.6.)
, .
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- 54


.
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3.3.1

, ,
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- 55

,

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3.3.2
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,

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0, h = 0
( h ) =
C, h > 0
,

(3.2)

1.5h 0.5h 3

(h) = C 0 + C1

A 3
A
(h) = C 0 + C1 = C
( 0) = 0 ,

h<=A
h>A

(3.3)

:
- , ;

- ;
=+1 - .
(),
. , h
= A, h > A . ,
, h = 2A/3 (.3.7,
3.9).

- 56

3.7 : 1- , 2- , 3.
(. 3.7) ,
h = 3A.
h = A. :

h
(h) = C 0 + C1 1 exp
A

(3.4)

(.3.7)
(
). .
.

h 2
(h) = C 0 + C1 1 exp 2
A

(3.5)

(3.6), (
(3.6) 1) (-)
(3.7).
(h) = Ah p + B
(3.6)

(h) = A ln h + B
(3.7)

- (
) .


, (, )
, .

(. 3.8)
, .
:

sin r

( h ) = C
1 r

r=h/a ( ).

(3.8)


.
.

- 57

3.8.

(h)

2/3
=

3.9.

3.3.3
(
),
. ,
,
, ,
.
.
, , ( -
), 3.9. (1)
(2)
(). Y ,
- 2/3 ( X),
.

- 58

(
, .3.10), .
:

(h) = C 0 + 1 (h) + 2 (h) + ...... + n (h)

(3.9)

,
.
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(), .. .
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1

3.10. .
1 1 - , 2 2 -

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6 ,
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- 59

3.3.4 ()
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, , .
,
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.

3.11.

VARFIT .

2 , :
1) (l);
2) ( ) (l).

- 60

3.12. : 1- , 2- L.
( h > l)
C = C l + (l , l ) ,
(3.10)
: l - l;
:

(l , l )

l
l3
,

2a 20a 3

(3.11)


A = Al l
,
(3.12)

A = Al
:
(3.13)
10%
1% , (.. h > 3l
l/A)

3.3.5


3-
.
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X, Y Z .
2. (
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3. Q (Q = 0 - 90
)
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.
4. ,
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- 61

,
,
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D.

.

3.13. : a - P,
b - Q, c - G.


(2- )
.
p 18 pp: ( -3 , :
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P 1-3 - () A,,
P 4-6 - - (C1)
P 7-9 - (1)
P10-12 - (+C1) - (C2)
P13-15 - (2)
P16-18 : 1, 2, 3.

5.4.

3.4

,
, , ,
,


.
, -
,

- 62

, .
.
(cross-validation) 1976
. XVALID .
:
1.
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- c ;
3. 2 ;
4. ,
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5. 1 4 ;
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- .
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- 63

3.14. , XVALID.
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4
4.1


/ ,
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Z, X X Y. ,
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, . 2-
Excel. ,
.

- 64

2 (X 2 ,Y 2 )

X i,Y i

A
1 (X 1 ,Y 1 )

4.1. ,
.
X, Y , . 4.1,
.

a arctg

(Y2 Y1 )
(X 2 X1)

(4.1)

Xi ( Yi):

Xi =

Yi
tg (a )

(4.2)

Yi ( Xi):
Yi = X i * tg ( a )
(4.3)
,
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EXTRA.

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2. , ..
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+/- 10 . ( ) 2
.
.

- 65

4.2. 3- .

(Drill hole Editor)
,
, .
,
.
, (.4.3),
,
.

4.3.
.

- 66

.

( ). , :
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o
o .

4.2


. :
(tag strings) ,
, (. 4.4).
,
.
-:
,
.


,

4.4. : ) , )
.

.
() .
1.


2. (
Z),
.

- 67

3. (
)

,
.
, 2- .
. 4.14.

4.2.1
.4.5 . ,
(bridge string),
. ( ),
3- , (
) 2- .
Link boundary, ,
.

4.5. .
,
(.4.6)

.
4.6.
,
,
. End link boundary

4.2.2

. ,
.
, , . ,
, . . 4.7. ,
Link to Line.

- 68

4.7.

4.2.3
(. 5)
, , ..

, .. , ,
.
, ,
(.4.8).

,
.
,
, ( )
.
, ,
,
,
, .
,
.
,
. ,
. ,
.


1

2

0
X
4.8. , 1 2
.
,
,
.

- 69

4.2.4
( 3- )
, , ,
. .
. , , ..
, .
.
, , .
. 3 :
o (Proportional Distance)
o (Equal Angles Method)
o (Minimizing Surface Area)
. ,
.

( Reduce
Points) ,

.
.

. ,
.
. :
Reduce Points, ,
CHECKIT .

4.2.5
.
Calculate Wareframe Volume ( ).
, . ,
.
wireframe-verify.
:
() , .. , .
.

.

..
.
,
, set-tolerance
,
. , ,
, ,
, , , - .

, 5-10 .
( twd)
( twsl).
2- .

.

- 70

4.3


, ,
, , ..
3-
(). ,

. . 4.9.

4.9.
( ,
Z)
. , ,
. ,
, (
maximum-separation).
, (.4.10).

.
wireframe-verify.

4.10. .
. 70 .
.
(
) , WFTREND.
,
.

4.4

, , ..
SELTRI,

- 71

(, , , ), ///
. ,
.
wf-merge
(. 4.11, 4.12).

4.11. .

.
.
.

4.12. (. 4.11).
wf-union ,
(. 4.13).

- 72

4.13. .
wf-intersection
2- . , ,
. 4.13, () ,
.
wf-difference , ..
, .
( )
.
wf-split .
.

( ), .
.

:

.
.
.
,
, .

4.14. .

- 73

5
5.1


, .
.

,
.
, : ,
( ), ,
.
.
, , .. ..
, . ,
- ,
.
()
, , ,
,

,
. ,
,
.
. . 5.1 ( )
.
, ,
, , , , - ,
. (
) ,
() ,
, () (.5.1). DATAMINE.
, .
DATAMINE (,
), .

.

5.1.

- 74

.
,
, .
( ) ,
. ,
:
, , - .
,
.
,
(
, ), ,

,
.
:

5.2

,
() (,
).
,
, , .
, ADDMOD,
, .

,
. , ,
,
..
, ..
, ///
.
,
, .. .

, (
PROTOM), .. .
(. 5.2) X,Y,Z
. , ,
,
MINED .
2 YES.
PROTOM .
>>> PLEASE SUPPLY COORDINATES OF MODEL ORIGIN (
)
X>
Y>
Z>
>>> PLEASE SUPPLY CELL DIMENSIONS ( )
X>
Y>
Z>
>>> NUMBERS OF CELLS IN EACH DIRECTION (
)
X>

- 75

Y>
Z>
2- (. 5.2):
X,Y,Z (
)

ZN

Z
Z

YN

Y
Y

X ( Y ,Z ) IN K

X ( Y ,Z ) O R IG

X
XN

X

5.2. ,

:

, . ,
, ( )
.
,
, .
,

.
, , ..
,
- .
,
.
.
, :

.
,

(. 5.3.5.),
.
.
,
( )

- 76


. ,
. ,
.
, ,
25 30% .

5.3

.
- 2 .
1. , , .
,
,
Z .
2. ( )
( )
. PERFIL

.
, .

.

.
,
. :


, ,
, , ,
.

5.3.1
(
) ,
.
WIREFILL TRIFIL.
.
:

1. :

. (. 5.2.),
,
( )

2. :
, /
. ( ,
..) .
3. :

ZCODE - ,

.

WIRETYPE - :
1: .

- 77

2: - .
3: - .
4: -
5: - .
6: - .
7: -

CELLX(Y,Z)MIN -
X,Y,Z. 0,
, ,

, .

=0.

CELLX(Y,Z)MAX
X,Y,Z. ,
.


. ,
. ,
.
, , ,
, .
/ (
) ,
.
. , , ,
WIREFILL (.5.3).

5.3. -
.

, ..

( ) (. . 4).
SELTRI, ,
.
(.5.4).
( )
.
.
, ,
. .
.
,
. ,
.

.

- 78

. ,
, ZONE.
.
SELTRI
.
,

.

5.4. ,
.

5.3.2
,
,
. ,
,
.
, , 2 (
).
1.
.
. (, ,
). ,
.
( ROCK) (
DENSITY). ( ADDMOD)
,
(. ).
-, .
,
.
2. .
, ,
(.
5.4.2). ,
.
EXTRA GENTRA ,
.

- 79


. , ,
,

.

5.3.3

. ,

.
, ( )
, . ,
, . ,
5- ,
, 20 .
PERFIL
. , , . 5.5. 5.6, 3
. .
.

5.5. .

5.6. , .

- 80

,
, .

.

5.3.4
,
, ( ) .
ADDMOD, SELTRI, SELPER .
ADDMOD 2 . :

,
.
.
. ,
( ).

, ,
.
SELTRI ,
, , (
). .

, ,
.. ,
(, , ), .
SELPER .
,


. (
) / ,
.

5.3.5

.

.
, ..
.


X = 1 0


X = 5


X = 10

5.7. .
,
,
,

- 81

. ,
, 450 ,
,
.
. 5.7. . ,
( ), ,

. :



.
,
2 : () .
, ()
. ,
, . ,
, .
, .
, ,
. ,
,
.

, ,
CDTRAN.
, :
PROTOM
- ,
WIREFILL, TRIFIL
-
CDTRAN
- ,

PLOTMX, PLOTCX -
ESTIMA
-
.
5.8. .
,
. 1
Z. 2
3 ,
.

- 82

5.8.
, , :
,

ORIGIN,
,
.
, .
.
,
,
, .
-.
( MARGIN).
.
( ) .

0, 0, 0,
. ORIGIN ,
( ) , .
,
.
3-
: ANGLE1, ANGLE2, ANGLE3 (X=1, Y=2, Z=3),
: ROTAXIS1, ROTAXIS2, ROTAXIS3.
.
.
1. ,
,
2. ,

3. , .
ORIGIN,
. -

- 83

. ,
PROTOM. ROTMOD
= 1. 9 ,
: , 3
3 , .
, (
9 ), , , ..
, .
,
(, PERFIL, SURFIP ..),
, :
1. ORIGIN
PROTOM,
2.
( )
PERFIL, SURFIP ..
3. 2 APPEND.
,
.
, TRIFIL
CDTRAN.
.
!START M1 , TRIFIL (Wirefill)
!REM ---------------------------------------------------------------!REM
!REM
------------------------------------------------------------------!PROTOM &OUT(PROTOM),@ROTMOD=1.0
N # No MINED
Y # Yes
300 # X
400 # Y ....
500 # Z ....
0 # X
0 # Y ....
0 # Z ....
25 #
3 # - Z
40 #
1 # - X
0 #
0 # ; 0 =
10 # X
10 # Y ....
15 # Z ....
20 # X
20 # .... Y
10 # .... Z
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!REM WBTR, WBPT
!REM TRIFIL
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!CDTRAN &IN(WBPT),&OUT(WBPT-R),&PROTOROT(PROTOM),*X(XP),*Y(YP),
*Z(ZP),*NEWX(XP),*NEWY(YP),*NEWZ(ZP)
!TRIFIL &PROTO(PROTOM),&MODEL(MODEL1),&WIREPT(WBPT-R),&WIRETR(WBTR),
@MODLTYPE=1.0,@ZONE=1.0,@MAXDIP=0.0,@SPLITS=1.0,@PLANE='XY'
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------

- 84

!REM X,
!REM
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!CDTRAN &IN(SAMPLES),&OUT(TEMP1),&PROTOROT(PROTOM),*X(X),*Y(Y),
*Z(Z),*NEWX(X),*NEWY(Y),*NEWZ(Z)
!MGSORT &IN(TEMP1),&OUT(TEMP2),*KEY1(X)
!INTERP &PROTO(MODEL1),&MODEL(MODEL2),&IN(TEMP2),*X(X),*Y(Y),*Z(Z),
*VALUE(AU),@RADIUS=100
!END

!START M2 , PERFIL
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!REM PERIMS
!REM PERFIL
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!CDTRAN &IN(PERIMS),&OUT(PERIMS-R),&PROTOROT(PROTOM),*X(XP),*Y(YP),
*Z(ZP),*NEWX(XP),*NEWY(YP),*NEWZ(ZP)
!PERFIL &PROTO(PROTOM),&MODEL(MODEL1),&PERIMIN(PERIMS-R),*ATTRIB1(ZONE),
@MODLTYPE=1.0,@ZONE=1.0,@MAXDIP=0.0,@SPLITS=1.0,@PLANE='XY'
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!REM 9-
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!APPEND &IN1(MODEL1),&IN2(PROTOM),&OUT(MODEL2)
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!REM X,
!REM
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!CDTRAN &IN(SAMPLES),&OUT(TEMP1),&PROTOROT(PROTOM),*X(X),*Y(Y),
*Z(Z),*NEWX(X),*NEWY(Y),*NEWZ(Z)
!MGSORT &IN(TEMP1),&OUT(TEMP2),*KEY1(X)
!INTERP &PROTO(MODEL2),&MODEL(MODEL3),&IN(TEMP2),*X(X),*Y(Y),*Z(Z),
*VALUE(AU),@RADIUS=100
!END
ESTIMA
.
, ,
.
.
ADDMOD, IJKGEN, PROMOD, REGMOD
9 .
ADDMOD
, .
MODRES TRIVAL, ,

.
,
. 5.7 (). , ,
.
2 , .
,
.

5.3.6 UNFOLD

- 85

UNFOLD
,
.

. ,
, .. ,
( 5.9.).
. UNFOLD ,
,
, .
,
, : PVALUE, PTN, XP, YP, ZP : SECTION
( ), BOUNDARY( ,
), TAG( ,
).
,
.(. 5.9). :
: = TOP, = MIDDLE, = BOTTOM.


(. 3)
.
UNFOLD,
(Unfolded
Coordinate System (UCS)), ,
(. 5.10).

.

4
3

2
2

3
3

4
4

1
1

5.9. .

UNFOLD. , [6].
ESTIMA
, , ( UNFOLD)
, , ..

- 86

UCS.
, .
,
,
.
.
.

5.10.

5.4

,
, ( ) .


.
.
( ) -
:
ESTIMA
-
,

GRADE
- ,
ESTIMA
PANELEST - 2- 3-

SURFIP
-
.

5.4.1 GRADE

. , ,
.
, :
:
- .
,

:
X,Y,Z

- 87


,
, , ,
( ).
:
()
X,Y,Z


.
, -
( )
.
,
. 1400.
:
o 1
o 2 ( )
o 3 2-
(
6 10 )
, (0 8)

:
o 1
o 2 ,

(, )
, .
, .
( ):
o 1
o 2

5.4.2 ESTIMA
- ESTIMA,
(
GRADE) .
.
:


()
,
( ),
, / .

, .

(),



- 88

():
()
()
()
()
()
()
Sichel's t (ST)
ESTIMA - ,
.
.
DEFPARM,
. ESTIMA 100
, .
, ,
.
, :
- .
,

,
()
SRCPARM, ESTPARM, VMODPARM.
.
(. 5.1 5.3):
5.1 (SRCPARM)
()
. ,
.

SREFNUM*
SMETHOD

SDIST1, 2, 3

100

SANGLE1, 2, 3**
SAXIS1, 2, 3
MINNUM1
MAXNUM1
SVOLFAC2***

0
3
1
20
0

MINNUM2
MAXNUM2
SVOLFAC3***

1
20
0

MINNUM3
MAXNUM3
OCTMETH****

1
20
0

MINOCT
MINPEROC

2
1


(1 = , 2 =
)

: 1 (X), 2 (Y), 3 (Z)

, (1 = X, 2 = Y, 3 = Z)



.



.


? (0 = , 1 =
)

- 89

MAXPEROC
MAXKEY*****

4
0


,

* ESTPARM ,
.
**

***
Measured resources. ,
SVOLFAC2, .
Indicated resources.
SVOLFAC3 ,
, Inferred resources.
**** , ,
, .
( 8)
(). ,
.
***** BHID. , , MAXKEY 3,
3- .
ESTPARM (. 5.2)
5.2. (ESTPARM)

, ,


*

**
VALUE_IN
A-8


VALUE_OU
A-8
(VALUE_IN)


SREFNUM
N


SRCPARM
CUTOFF
N


( )
GRABCUT
N

,

()
{ZONE1_F}*** A or N


{ZONE2_F}*** A or N


NUMSAM_F
A-8
,

SVOL_F****
A-8


VAR_F
A-8
,


MINDIS_F
A-8


IMETHOD
N
1

: 1=, 2=, 3=,


4=, 5=ST
ANISO
N
1
,

:
0=,
1= SRCPARM,
2=
(. 6
).
ANANGLE1
N
0
,

X

- 90

ANANGLE2


Y
ANANGLE3
N
0
,
Z
ANDIST1
N
1
,
1 (X)
ANDIST1
N
1
,
2 (Y)
ANDIST1
N
1
,
3 (Z)
POWER
N
2


-
ADDCON
N
0
, ST
,

ST ,

VREFNUM
N
1
,

VMODPARM
LOG*****
N
0
,

:
0=
1=
GENCASE
N
0
LOG=1
:
0=Rendu, 1=
DEPMEAN
N
0
LOG=1
(
0, )
TOL
N
0.01


GENCASE=1

MAXITER
N
3


GENCASE=1

KRIGNEGW
N
0
,

:
0=
1=
KRIGVARS
N
1
,
,

:
0= 1=
LOCALMNP
N
2

: 1=

PROTO.
2=

LOCALM_F
A-8


PROTO
* : N , A 8 - - - 8.
** : ( ), ( ), , , , (,
, ), ST - Sichel's t .
***
, ZONE ROCK
**** CLASS
,

***** ,

, ,
.
,
. 5.3.
5.3. (VMODPARM )
,
.

- 91

VREFNUM
VANGLE1,*
2, 3
VAXIS1, 2, 3

0
0

(
ESTPARM)

, .
, (1=X, 2=Y,
3=Z)


-

NUGGET
0
ST1**
0
ST1PAR1,
0
2, 3, 4***
..
ST9
0
9-
ST9PAR1,
0
- 9-
2, 3, 4
* . ,
SANGLE1, SAXIS1, . SRCPARM
VANGLE1, VAXIS1, . .
** (. 4):
1 -
2 ( .. = 1)
3 -
4 -
5 ( .. )
*** :
1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3
4 - (
).
Excel, .
.
DEFPARM,
AED 3 .
ESTIMA
.
:
ZONE1_F, ZONE2_F -
. : ZONE
ROCK. .
KEY - , ,
BHID
LENGTH_F, DENS_F ,
( )

,
:
DISCMETH - : 1-
, 2-

PARENT - : =0 , =1
,
, =2 ,
,

MINDISC (, PARENT=2).
COPYVAL
, : =0 - , =1
.
X, Y, Z

- 92

,
. , ,
.

.

5.4.3 ( )

'nearest' . ,

, -
,
( 20 ) .
, , ..
( , ..),
.

5.4.4

,
.
n

= (

1
)i i
Rp

(5.1)

- i
R -
p - ( = 2)

ADDCON ESTIMA
( ),
, 100%. ,
, . ,
ADDCON.
ADDCON
().
().
/ , ESTIMA :
*LENGTH_F / *DENS_F, .
, .
. ,
. ,
, .

5.4.5

[1,2,3]. ESTIMA (Ordinary Kriging)
(Simple Kriging), IMETHOD
(Estimation Parameter file):
(OK)
IMETHOD = 3
(K)
IMETHOD = 4
, ,
. , ,
,
( ).
. ,
.
, ,

- 93

. ,
,
.
,
, . ,

, .
3, - 5.4.2.
- .
(OK) , 1.
() Wi ( 1 - 3 W i )
.
OK, , , , , ,
.
- .
, .
OK ,
. ,
.
.
,
.
ESTIMA
: OK . LOG .
,

. ESTIMA,
- . OK
:

E c = exp( 3Wi log(Gi ) + 0.5 (3Wi F ( Li , L j ) 3.3Wi W j F ( Li , L j ))) ,


:

E
Wi
Gi
F( Li , Lj )

(5.2)


i
i
i j


(P.A.Dowd), 'Lognormal Kriging The General Case', (.
). Rendu's,
(General Method). ,

. Rendu
. . [5]
, ,
,
.
. , ,
, ,
: . GENCASE
.
GENCASE = 0, , GENCASE =1,
. ,
: DEPMEAN, TOL MAXITER (. . ).
. (VALUE_IN),
,
(VREFNUM).
, .

- 94

,
.
, ,
. LOG
.
. ,
.
, .
, ,
:


,
,
(. 5.4.2).
. , ,
, . ,
, ()
, .
,
, ,
0. , , KRIGNEGW (.
5.4.2).
, ,
, 1.
. -
,
. KRIGVARS
,
.
.
DEPMEAN
.
.

. , ,
, LOCALMNP
LOCALM_F ,
LOCALMNP = 1
. 2,
, . LOCALMNP = 1,

, . LOCALM_F.
T (IMETHOD = 5). ,
, - .

. ,
,
. H.S.Sichel [4],
.
:

t = exp( x )( n (V ) ,

(5.3)

:
4

( n (V ) = 1 + E ( n 1) r /[2 r r! ( n + 1).....( n + 2r 3)]


r =1

- 95

x = [ E xi ] / n
i =1
n

V = [ E ( xi x ) 2 ] / n
i =1

xi = log e [Gi + " ]


Gi I,

[Gi +" ]

- ,

3- ,
( ADDCON ). -
, ,
. NUMSAM_F, SVOL_F, VAR_F
MINDIS_F .

5.4.6
, -
, ,
.
PANELEST.
PERIM,
DISPTIN.
: , , .
. PERIM
. ,
. ,
. 5000.
( )
: XY, XZ YZ.
(+/-) DPLUS
DMINUS , .
0, 3- , 2- .
2- , .
, ,
.
2- 3 .
3- XDSPACE, YDSPACE ZDSPACE.
,
. , 121 ( 11
).
,
, ,
. 3- 3- ,
, .
MINDISC.
, 20%
, .
.
(. )
DISPTIN. XDSPACE, YDSPACE,
ZDSPACE, MINDISC, DPLUS DMINUS .
TRIFIL,

( !!),

- 96

PANELEST (.5.11). TRIFIL


PANELEST, DISPTIN.

. ,
. - ,
.
. MINNUM MAXNUM ,
,
. MAXNUM ,
1399.
, MINNUM, .
, MAXNUM, .
( PERIM), INSIDE=1
, ,
. INSIDE=0, . DISPTIN
.
. 3 : 1- , 2 , 3
( LOG=1, , . ).
, ,
, .
.
.
ANANGLEn, ANAXISn ANDISTn (. ).
. TOTAL=1 ,
(/ ),
.

/ . ,
. , .
,
. .
, .
.
!panelest
&IN(holes.c),&VMODPARM(VMODEL),&DISPTIN(points),&OUT(RESNEW),
&SAMPOUT(sampout),*X(X),*Y(Y),*Z(Z),*VALUE(Fe),*PANEL(AZONE),@MINNUM=1,
@MAXNUM=1399,@INSIDE=0,@XDSPACE=0,@YDSPACE=0,@ZDSPACE=0,@MINDISC=20,
@DPLUS=0,@DMINUS=0,@IMETHOD=3,@VMODNUM=1,@LOG=0,@POWER=2,@TOTAL=1,
@ANANGLE1=0,@ANAXIS1=3,@ANANGLE2=0,@ANAXIS2=1,@ANANGLE3=0,@ANAXIS3=3,
@ANDIST1=1,@ANDIST2=1,@ANDIST3=1,@PRINT=0,@ECHO=0
9 .
-
= 0.0000
0.
100 , = 1.
()
points
4 ()
, :
AZONE ( )
Number of discretisation points ( )
Volume of panel ( )
Kriged grade ( )
Kriged variance ( )
Arithmetic mean of samples (. )

1.0000
= 845
= 845000.0000
= 46.2306
= 0.0432
= 45.1471
- 97

Number of samples used ( )

= 183

__________________________________________________________________________
AZONE
2.0000
Number of discretisation points
= 160
Volume of panel
= 159999.9844
Kriged grade
= 50.8482
Kriged variance
= 0.0644
Arithmetic mean of samples
= 45.1471
Number of samples used
= 183
__________________________________________________________________________
AZONE
3.0000
Number of discretisation points
=25
Volume of panel
= 12799.9512
Kriged grade
=47.5234
Kriged variance
=0.3584
Arithmetic mean of samples
=45.1471
Number of samples used
=183
__________________________________________________________________________
AZONE
4.0000
Number of discretisation points
=90
Volume of panel
=6184.7759
Kriged grade
=43.6955
Kriged variance
=0.5730
Arithmetic mean of samples
=45.1471
Number of samples used
=183
__________________________________________________________________________
Average / Totals Over All Panels ( )
Total discretisation points
=1120
Total volume
= 1023984.6875
Average kriged grade,all panels
=46.9530
Kriged variance, all panels
=0.0440
Total number of samples
=732
:
======================================================================
AZONE
Fe
VARIANCE
NUMSAM
FVALUE
NDISCPTS
======================================================================
1.0 46.23064
0.04319
183.0
0.801666
845.0
3.0 50.8482
0.064417
183.0
0.513691
160.0
4.0 47.52341
0.358402
183.0
0.277084
25.0
5.0 43.69546
0.573013
183.0
0.234732
90.0
46.953
0.044021
732.0
1120.0

- 98

5.11. ,
(). : X=10, Y=5, Z=5 .

5.4.7
,
. ,
.
, ,
.
.
, ,
,
.

.
,
, .
, .
ESTIMA
.

ESTIMA.

.
. .
, .
:
1. ;
2. QUANTILE
(
, 10);
3. ,
;
4. ( CUTFILE), (CUTOFF)
. Excel
;
5. () CUTFILE

3
.

- 99

1. VGRAM

. CUTFILE,

.
2. VARFIT (
) .
, ,
.
.
3 (.
ESTIMATE):
1. (SRCPARM)
2. (ESTPARM).
:
a. CUTOFF,

b. GRABCUT,
( GRAB1),
1.
c. VALUE_OU (, PRAB1),
, 1.
d. VALUE_IN
;
e.
( VALUE_IN ) (,
,
).
3. (VMODPARM),

:
1. ESTIMATE ( ,
) ,

2. Advanced parameters
, .
3. . ( )
3 ( . )
4.
CUTOFFS, ( )
.
5.

. ,
.
6. ,
( ),
INDGRADE,
.

5.5 ,

5.5.1

- 100

, ,
, (
) , ,
.
, ,
, , . ,
.
EXTRA (GENTRA),
.
, ..
, .
DENSITY, ..
,
.
-
, ()
.
, , ,
(, ).

TRIFIL WAREFILL.

PROMOD. ,
:


10
.
1 10 . ,
, OPTIMISE=1 2.
:
DENSITY - , .
X(Y,Z)INCMIN .
, ,

( OPTIMISE=1 2 , )
.
OVERLAP (
0).
=0: .
=1:
.
=2: , ADDMOD, .. 2-
1- .
OPTIMISE ( 2).
=0: - .
=1 - ,
.
=2 - .
TOL ( % )
. ,
( OPTIMISE=1 2). 0.001.
.5.12.
AU 1%.
2.5*2.5 . 10*10 .
140 .

- 101

A)

B)

5.12. () ()
- SLIMOD, ,
.
.
, . ,
,
, .
. 5.13. :

(X: 10 20 , Y: 10 15 ).
,
.

A)

B)

5.13. () ()
SLIMOD

5.5.2
( ,
) .
3 :
o .

o

- 102

,
(. 2),
( ) GRADE
ESTIMA. ,
, , .
,
.

, , (
) ( )
. , ,
.
. ,
( !), ADDMOD
( )
PROMOD.
,
, .. ( )
, .

.
.
. ,
, . ,
(XY, XZ / YZ)
.
,
ADDMOD .
. 5.14.
.
, .

A)

B)

C )

5.14. : ,
, .

6

. ,
. ;
.
,
, .
, ()
.

- 103

6.1

6.1.1 MODRES
MODRES,

, .
(
)
, .
,
TABRES.

(), () .
, MINED,
( 0 1).
,
.
, ,
. 2 .
1. Z ( @PAIRS=0).
, @ZVALUE=0 (.. Z ),
PVALUE . ,
6 2 . PVALUE
6.0 6.1. 1 .
@ZVALUE=1, ZP
.
2. ,
( @PAIRS=1).
Z
PVALUE. , 2 ( ) PVALUE =
3.00 3.01, ZP 275 282 ( ).
,
,
.
,
. /
( () ).
. , /,
, .
ORE, WSTE (, ),
.

. .
:
/ .
,
, / ,
.

( * )
, .
( @FULLCELL=1), ,
.
,
.
, .

,

- 104

. .
PROMOD.
( 8) ,
, ( ).
DENSITY. ,
@DENSITY. ,
1.0.
.
>ENTER EVALUATION PARAMETERS --------------------------- :
.
Yes ( <RETURN>) - .
N No .
>ROCKTYPE CLASSIFICATION -----------------------
/.
Yes ( <RETURN>) .
.
N No
>CLASSIFICATIONS POSSIBLE ON FIELD nnnn OF TYPE n -------------------------
nnnn , 20
, .
, , , ..
Yes ( <RETURN>) - , .
N No - .
Do you wish to classify by ore etc.?

..?

Yes ( <RETURN>) :
>CLASSIFICATION BY ORE, WASTE ETC. --------------------------------- ,
.. :
, . : ORE, WSTE, AIR, S1, S2, S3.S7.
/ ( ROCK).
40. 2 .
WSTE.
N No, - :
>CLASSIFICATION BY VALUES OF FIELD nnnnnnnn -------------------------
(
). 20. .
( ),
:
>GRADE INTERVALS ---------------
. ,
.
Yes ( <RETURN>) .
N No .
Y, Yes <return>;
>Enter name of main grade field.
.

>GRADE INTERVALS FOR MAIN GRADE nnnnnnnn ------------------------


( ) . :
0.1,2
2, 3.5
3.5,10

- 105

20. .
>Is this satisfactory?
.

Yes ( <RETURN>) .
N No .

6.1.2 TRIVAL
;
. ,
,
/ .
, ,
, , :
. ,
.

6.1.3 TONGRAD
, - ,
, ..
. , ,
,
. ,
,
. , (,
, ) ,
. csv,
EXCEL.
10 3- .

6.1.4 PANELEST
6.4.6.
,
.

6.1.5 TABRES
MODRES, TRIVAL
,
TABRES.
.
,
.
>TABULATION INFORMATION

, ..: ,
. 5
().
Yes <return> -
N No
.
>PLANE SELECTION
() :
1- LEVEL ( ), 2 COLUMN (), 3 ROW (), 4 - SECTION
()
: 1-4.
>OUTPUT TABLE SELECTION

:
- 106

1234-



.

.
5- .
6- .
7-
8- ( .4), /
9- (Phelps Dodge).
10-
[4]
: 1-9.
, :
>Grade fields selected:

: Y - .
: N :
>GRADES FOR EVALUATION
. 5

.
>CUTOFF FOR FIELD nnnnnnnn , ,
. ,
: / ( ).
CUT-OFF>
5-8.

>RUN TITLE ========= Enter up to 40 characters of title:- ---------0---------0---------0---------0


40
>VOLUME AND TONNAGE FACTOR

: 1 , 1000 ., 1000000 ..
>TABLE OUTPUT TO PRINTER
, (
-). ECHO = 1 , =0 .
>IS THIS WHAT IS REQUIRED ? , ?
.
Yes <return> - ,
N No .

6.2


.

6.2.1 ( )

, . (
) ,
.

6.2.1.1

- 107

, . 6.1. ,
, , : +20
10 . , , .

. 6.1. ,
. (BHID).
. . . . . . . . . . 357837.4

. . . . . . . . . 966161.0

............
2.70

....
254.1
AU
AG
LS
L
PR
BLOCK
1.9
3.15
152.0 2.17
58.78
( )
, .
, , , BLOCK,

:
Au
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------0.001
1.4
132.8
0.6
1.4
2.3
26.2
1.7
2.3
5.0
31.4
3.4
5.0
1000.0
28.2
8.9
,
.
( - ),
, .
, ,
( ), . 6.2.

- 108

.6.2. .
+10/-20 .

. . . . . . 6371.4
. . . . . 7254.5
, . . . 883.1
, . . .
13.9

.........

............

17202.8
2.7

Au
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------0.001
1.400
5049.8
0.626
1.400
2.300
3858.5
1.813
2.300
5.000
4530.7
3.373
5.000
100.000 3761.9
6.287

6.2.1.2

2-

, ,
, (.6.3).
, .

- 109

. 6.3. , .
.

. . . . . . 114.509
. . . . . 908229.9
, . . . 214998.4
, . . .
1024.2
. . . . . . . . .

............

580495.7
2.7

,
.
.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.31

580495.7
.
, , ( )
.

6.2.1.3


.
, , ,
, .6.4.

6.4. .

- 110

:

. . . . . . 170327.8
. . . . . 175578.2
, . . . 50.352
, . . .
3.1
. . . . . . . . .

............

434335.9
2.5

:
:

Au
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------0.000
1.400
319846.4 0.807
1.400
2.300
91894.1 1.685
2.300
5.000
22575.6 2.859
5.000
100.000 19.8
5.242

6.3

6.3.1

. ,
,
,
.
:
, -,
,
.
[1-2], "

, ( )
, ".
:
- , -

;
- -,
, (
) ;
- , ,
,
.

, , -
, .

,
" - "
(, )
.
- ,
,

, .
,
.

- 111

.


, ,
. ,
, ,

,
.


.
,


. ,

.
, ,
.

, ..
.
, ,
,
, - ,
. ,

, -
.

,

.

6.3.2
; .

.
(support) .

.

-
.

,
" - ". ,
,
.
6.5 6.6
() 1 1 (. 6.5) - 2 2 (. 6.6).
(201).
. .
2*2 16,641, , 1*1 (27,592).

- 112

735

325

45

140

125

175

167

485

- 113

540

420

260

128

20

30

105

70

450

200

337

190

95

260

245

279

180

250

380

405

250

80

515

605

124

120

430

175

230

120

460

260

40

135

240

35

130

135

160

170

75

95

20

35

32

95

20

450

200

35

100

53

45

58

90

6.5. 64- 1 1
505

143

88

207

270

328

171

411

102

220

154

263

101

54

44

155

6.6. 16- 2 2
(. 6.7) ,
, . 300,
1 1, - 2 2.
.
, ,
""
, .

6
4
2

25

72
5

62
5

10

52
5

12

42
5

14

32
5

16

20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
22
5

18

12
5

20

- 114

6.7. 1*1 () 2*2 ()


,
, .

.

,
,
, .

, (.6.8). ,
, .

6.8. : - , b , - .
,
. ,
(.6.9).

() , " - " (.6.10).
,
, .. -
. ,
.

- 115

6.9. ,

- 116

- 117

6.10.
: .

6.3.3 .
, ,

.
,
.
, ,
.

, ,
;
,

.

. ,
,
. ,

, .. .
, ,

;
.
,
.
. ,
( Y) ( X) (.
6.11). ,
, 45 .
, . ,
.

- 118

300

300

6.11. .
. 300 ,
300.
, ,
, .
X=300. .
,
300. Y=300 .
. 2 :
1. > 300; > 300.
, .
.
2. < 300; < 300.
.
.
3. > 300; < 300.
;
.
.
4. < 300; > 300.
.
.
.
6.12 , 2-
: () .
1.0 (.. - 45 ),
1.0. .
.
(. , , ).
, .

- 119

600

500
400
300
200
100
0
0

100 200

300

400 500

600 700

800

a)
600

500
400
300
200
100
0
0

100 200

300

400 500

600 700

800

b)
6.12..
; (a) (b) . ,
( = ).
,
.
.

6.3.4

,
, - ( 6.13).
, , 3 /
6500 . 8.5 /.

- 120

, ..
16000

, ..

14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
0

, Au, /

, Au, /
12.00

Au, /

10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
0

, Au, /

6.13. -
in situ .
, (,
, : ,
, ..)
. ( )
[1-3]. ,
'Shortcut' ( )
.
SMUHIS

.
SMUMOD ,
( ).
,

.
.
2 .

, .

(. . 5).
, (Selective Mining Unit, SMU) -
,
. -
,
.

- 121

, .
.
:
1.
2.

.
. 6.14.
.
, ..

100
, ..

80
60
40
20
0
0

12

16

, Au, /
5*5*5

50*50*50

Au , /

20
Au, /

16
12
8
4
0
0

12

16

, Au, /
5*5*5

50*50*50

- 122

Au,

800
600
400
200
0
0

12

16

, Au, /
5*5*5

50*50*50

6.14. ,
.
Au 5.6 /. (.
6.14) ,
.
.
, .. -
.
, , .


. 2- (. 2):


.
, ,
, .

,
, .
[1-3].

, @ADDCON.
, , - ,
.

2 :

.

.
FFUNC (. ) .
(@DISVAR), ,
.
,
. ,
SMUHIS SMUMOD
.

. @DVMETHOD=1,

- 123

, @DISVAR. @DVMETHOD=2
=3 .
@DVMETHOD=1,
, .. @DISVAR,
. , @DISVAR
,
. , ,
.
@DVMETHOD=2,
.
,
@DISVAR.
@DVMETHOD=3 (
), ..
.

.
@VARTYPE=1,
(). .
@VARTYPE=2,

. ,
@XSTEP, @YSTEP @ZSTEP.
1.
, @XSTEP=2, @YSTEP=3, @ZSTEP=5 (
),
20x30x10,
10102=200, 2x3x5, 4x3x5, 2x6x5, 2x3x10 .. 20x30x10.
( ),
,
.
@XSTEP, @YSTEP @ZSTEP
( ), 20.
3-
,
@IPOINTS, @JPOINTS @KPOINTS. ,
. 444 .

@SMUDIST
(1=,
2=).
() ,
.
. ,
. ,
.
@DVMETHOD = 2 3,
. @VGRAM,
.
, @LOG 1.

6.3.5 SMUHIS

.
@RECOVERY,
( 0 1) ().
, ()
. , , ,
, 90% (@RECOVERY=0.9)
() . , ,
10%,
.

- 124

.
.
. Z
() .
.
!START M1 .
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!SMUHIS &IN(MODEL),&OUT(HISTFILE), #
*VALUE(AU),*VARIANCE(KV), #
@DVMETHOD=3, #
@VARTYPE=2, #
@DENSITY=2.8, #
@SMUDIST=2,@ADDCON=0.0, #
@RECOVERY=0.9, #
@BINSIZE=0.5,@MINIMUM=0,@NUMBINS=20, #
@VGRAM=1,@LOG=0,
#

@SMUXINC=5,@SMUYINC=5,@SMUZINC=5, #

@IPOINTS=6,@JPOINTS=6,@KPOINTS=6, #
@XSTEP=2,@YSTEP=2,@ZSTEP=2 #
5 #
5
5
15 # -
15
15
30 #
30
30
0 #
0
0
!END
(. 6.1.).
6.1. SMUHIS
LOWER

TONNE

AVGRA
DE

CTONN
E

CGRAD
E

0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5

2
28
83
138
183
218
243
260
267
266
259
247
231
213
195
176
157
140
124
109

0.42
0.82
1.28
1.77
2.26
2.76
3.25
3.75
4.25
4.75
5.25
5.75
6.25
6.75
7.25
7.75
8.25
8.75
9.24
9.74

4307
4307
4306
4278
4195
4056
3873
3655
3412
3152
2885
2619
2360
2113
1882
1669
1474
1298
1141
1001
877

6.83
6.83
6.83
6.87
6.98
7.16
7.39
7.67
7.98
8.33
8.71
9.11
9.53
9.98
10.43
10.90
11.39
11.88
12.38
12.89
13.41

BRF
TON
NE
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
17
142
321
315
278

BRFGR
ADE

ARFTO
NNE

ARFGR
ADE

TOTON
NE

TOGRADE

12.20
12.51
13.02
13.55
14.12

0
0
2
30
113
232
259
138
189
193
261
71
49
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.42
0.80
1.15
1.50
1.86
2.40
2.82
3.24
3.60
4.04
4.44
-

4307
4307
4307
4307
4307
4288
4132
3793
3600
3345
3146
2690
2408
2113
1882
1669
1457
1156
820
686
599

6.83
6.83
6.83
6.83
6.83
6.85
7.04
7.47
7.71
8.04
8.28
8.98
9.43
9.98
10.43
10.90
11.38
11.80
12.13
12.58
13.07

- 125

:
LOWER ( )
TONNE, AVGRADE
( @RECOVERY)
CTONNE, CGRADE -
ARFTONNE, ARFGRADE ,
, .. ,
@RECOVERY.
BRFTONNE, BRFGRADE - ,
, .. , 1-@RECOVERY.
TOTONNE, TOGRADE -
@RECOVERY.
.
.

6.3.6 SMUMOD
( ),
() ( ):
()

.
!START M1
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!SMUMOD &IN(MODEL),&OUT(RMODEL), #
*VALUE(AU),*VARIANCE(KV), #
*FRREC(FR-2),*VALREC(AU-2), #
@DVMETHOD=3, #
@VARTYPE=2, #
@CUTOFF=2.0, #
@SMUDIST=2,@ADDCON=0.0, #
@VGRAM=1,@LOG=0, #
@SMUXINC=5,@SMUYINC=5,@SMUZINC=5, #

@IPOINTS=6,@JPOINTS=6,@KPOINTS=6, #
@XSTEP=2,@YSTEP=2,@ZSTEP=2 #
5 #
5
5
15 # -
15
15
30 #
30
30
0 #
0
0
!END
,
,
. ,
*FRREC *VALREC.

- 126

6.3.7 FFUNC
FFUNC F
( , ),

. ,
: @VGRAM, @LOG, @IPOINTS, @JPOINTS, @KPOINTS.
,
, .
F.
.

6.3.8 .

. ,
.
.
1. , PROTOM -
,
.
2. - (, PERFIL)
EXTRA GENTRA
( = 0).
3. SMUHIS
. .
!START M1
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!REM
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!PROTOM &OUT(PMODEL)
N MINED
N
0 X
0 Y .. ..
0 Z .. ..
1000 X
1500 Y .. ..
500 Z .. ..
1 X
1 .. .. .. .. Y
1 .. .. .. .. Z
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!REM
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!PERFIL &PROTO(PMODEL),&MODEL(TEMP1),@MODE=0.0,@ZONE=0.0,
@OPTIMISE=2.0,@FULLCELL=0.0,@XSUBCELL=1.0,@YSUBCELL=1.0,
@ZSUBCELL=1.0,@RESOL=0.0,@OVCHECK=1.0
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!REM
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!GENTRA &IN(TEMP1),&OUT(MODEL1)
SETC AU 5.6; SETC KV 0
END
OK
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!REM . = 20 * 20 * 10
!REM ------------------------------------------------------------------!SMUHIS &IN(MODEL1),&OUT(RECHIST1),*VALUE(AU),*VARIANCE(KV),

- 127

@DVMETHOD=3.0,@VARTYPE=1.0,@SMUDIST=2.0,@DISVAR=0.0,
@DENSITY=2.6,@ADDCON=0.0,@RECOVERY=1.0,@BINSIZE=1.0,
@MINIMUM=0.0,@NUMBINS=15.0,@VGRAM=1.0,@LOG=0.0,@SMUXINC=20,
@SMUYINC=20,@SMUZINC=10,@XSTEP=1.0,@YSTEP=1.0,
@ZSTEP=1.0,@IPOINTS=6.0,@JPOINTS=6.0,@KPOINTS=6.0
5
5 .. ..
5 .. ..
15 -
15 .. ..
15 .. ..
30
30 ..
30 ..
0
0 ..
0
!END

7
-
7.1

, 5, .
- , .

, 1. , ,
.
,
. .

7.1.1
:
1.

( ,
) Data | Load | Drillholes .

2. Select.
3. ENTER, ( ,
).
4. Yes, (
).
, , , ..
,
. , View | Zoom |
Zoom All Data ( za). , ,
,
. ,
.
,
.

- 128

View | Set Viewplane,


.
.

7.1.2
(

), Update
Visualizer
( ()
). () 3-
. ,
, ,
.. .. ,
.

7.1.3
,
View | Set Viewplane :
1 - (-, -, -, -) ,
;
,
2 - 2- (,
),
3 - 3- ;
, .

, .

7.1.4
,
. ,
, View | Set Clipping Limits
. ,
(Back) (Front)
.

7.1.5
, Zoom In
(Out, All data, Extents), . Zoom In
( zx)
.

7.1.6
, (
),
View | Set Viewplane | Move Orthogonal ( mpl)
(+ , - - )

- 129

7.1.7
, View |
Save View ,
, .
View | Get View , . ,
, , .

7.1.8

Format | Legend:
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()
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1.

Clark I . Practical Geostatistics, Applied Science Publishers Ltd,


London 1979

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Isaaks E.N. and Srivastava R.M. An Introduction to Applied


Geostatistics, Oxford University Press, 1989
.., .., . . , , 1995, 190
Sichel H.S. The Estimation of Means and Associated Cofidence Limits
for Small Samples from Lognormal Populations. APCOM, 1966
Dowd P.A. Lognormal Kriging The General Case. Mathematical
Geology, 1982
Newton M.J. Variogram Calculation and Kriging for Folded Deposits.
Mineral Resource Evaluation 95 Conference. April 1995, Leeds University, UK
Cressie N. Towards resistant geostatistics. Geostatistics for natural
resources characterization. Dordrecht, p.21-44, 1984
. . ,
, 1980, 360

- 139