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Avellino

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This article is about the town in Italy. For other uses, see Avellino (disambiguation).
Avellino
— Comune —
Comune di Avellino

Panorama of Avellino

Avellino
Location of Avellino in Italy
Coordinates: 40°55′N 14°47′E / 40.917°N
14.783°ECoordinates: 40°55′N 14°47′E / 40.917°N
14.783°E
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Avellino (AV)
Frazioni Picarelli, Bellizzi Irpino, Valle, Pianodardine
Government
- Mayor Giuseppe Galasso
Area
- Total 30.4 km2 (11.7 sq mi)
Elevation 348 m (1,142 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
- Total 56,744
- Density 1,866.6/km2 (4,834.4/sq mi)
- Demonym Avellinesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 83100
Dialing code 0825
Patron saint St. Modestino
Saint day February 14
Website Official website

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Avellino

Avellino is a town and comune, capital of the province of Avellino in the Campania
region of southern Italy. It is situated in a plain surrounded by mountains 42 km
(26 mi) north-east of Naples and is an important hub on the road from Salerno to
Benevento.

Contents
[hide]

• 1 History
• 2 Main sights
• 3 Notable people
• 4 Fictional people
• 5 Sources
• 6 See also

• 7 External links

[edit] History
Before the Roman conquest, the ancient Abellinum was a centre of the Samnite
Hirpini.

The town was Christianized around 500 AD, becoming an episcopal see. There
followed the invasions of the Goths and Vandals. Subsequently Avellino became a
Lombard centre, with a castle on the Terra hill. In the early Middle Ages it was part of
the Duchy (later Principate) of Benevento and, after the latter’s fall, of the Principate
of Salerno.

In 1100, during the Norman rule of southern Italy, it was acquired by Riccardo
dell’Aquila. Later King Charles I of Anjou assigned it to the Montfort family, who
were succeeded by the Del Balzo and the Filangierian of the House of Candia.

The feudal rights to Avellino were purchased in 1581 by Don Marino I Caracciolo,
duke of Atripalda, of a patrician family of Naples, who was made Prince of Avellino
in 1589. Avellino became the main seat of the Caracciolo. Don Marino’s son and
grandson were consecutively Grand Chancellor of the Kingdom of Naples and
chevaliers of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The grandson, Don Marino II (1587-
1630), was the patron of Giambattista Basile, author of the Pentamerone.

In 1820 Avellino was seat of revolutionary riots. However, the Unification of Italy
some fifty years later did not bring any benefit to the city, being cut off from the main
railway line Naples-Benevento-Foggia, and far from the sea as well.

In 1943 the city was bombed by Allied planes in an attempt to cut off the retreat of
German panzer units over the important Bridge of Ferriera.

Avellino has suffered from seismic activity throughout its history and was struck hard
by the earthquakes of 23 November 1980 and 14 February 1981.

[edit] Main sights


This section requires expansion.

Avellino Cathedral.

Some ruins of the ancient Abellinum can be seen near the modern village of
Atripalda, 4 km (2.5 mi) East of modern Avellino.

The Cathedral, with its Romanesque crypt, stands on the site of a rich and famous
Roman villa which was built around 129 BC and abandoned after the eruption of
Vesuvius and associated earthquake in 346.

There are some remains of the Lombard castle in Piazza Castello (Castle Square).

[edit] Notable people


View of the Old City.

• Antonio Maccanico, politician


• Biagio Agnes, journalist
• Mario Agnes, journalist
• Maurizio Lanzaro, footballer
• Milly D'Abbraccio, pornographic actress
• Pino (Sepp) D'Amore, writer
• Albina Bruno, swing dancer
• Federico Amodeo, mathematician
• Gianfranco Rotondi, politician
• Ralph Sazio, football player and coach
• Lino Jannuzzi, politician and journalist
• Sonia Aquino, actress
• Jimmy Petruzzi, football coach

[edit] Fictional people


• Tony Soprano,mob boss

Kyle Di Virgilio

[edit] Sources
• Galasso, Giampiero (1992). Avellino. Storia e immagini. De Angelis.

[edit] See also


• Avellino Calcio 12 S.S.D., the town's football club, currently in Serie D
• S.S. Felice Scandone, the town's basketball club, currently in Lega Basket
Serie A
• Stadio Partenio
• Avellino railway station

[edit] External links

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Avellino.

• Official website
• Il Magazine della città di Avellino

[hide]
v•d•e
Campania · Comuni of the Province of Avellino

Aiello del Sabato · Altavilla Irpina · Andretta · Aquilonia · Ariano Irpino ·


Atripalda · Avella · Avellino · Bagnoli Irpino · Baiano · Bisaccia · Bonito ·
Cairano · Calabritto · Calitri · Candida · Caposele · Capriglia Irpina · Carife ·
Casalbore · Cassano Irpino · Castel Baronia · Castelfranci ·Castelvetere sul
Calore · Cervinara · Cesinali · Chianche · Chiusano di San Domenico ·
Contrada · Conza della Campania · Domicella · Flumeri · Fontanarosa ·
Forino · Frigento · Gesualdo · Greci · Grottaminarda · Grottolella · Guardia
Lombardi · Lacedonia · Lapio · Lauro · Lioni · Luogosano · Manocalzati ·
Marzano di Nola · Melito Irpino · Mercogliano · Mirabella Eclano ·
Montaguto · Montecalvo Irpino · Montefalcione · Monteforte Irpino ·
Montefredane · Montefusco · Montella · Montemarano · Montemiletto ·
Monteverde · Montoro Inferiore · Montoro Superiore · Morra De Sanctis ·
Moschiano · Mugnano del Cardinale · Nusco · Ospedaletto d'Alpinolo · Pago
del Vallo di Lauro · Parolise · Paternopoli · Petruro Irpino · Pietradefusi ·
Pietrastornina · Prata di Principato Ultra · Pratola Serra · Quadrelle · Quindici
· Rocca San Felice · Roccabascerana · Rotondi · Salza Irpina · San Mango sul
Calore · San Martino Valle Caudina · San Michele di Serino · San Nicola
Baronia · San Potito Ultra · San Sossio Baronia · Santa Lucia di Serino ·
Santa Paolina · Sant'Andrea di Conza · Sant'Angelo a Scala · Sant'Angelo
all'Esca · Sant'Angelo dei Lombardi · Santo Stefano del Sole · Savignano
Irpino · Scampitella · Senerchia · Serino · Sirignano · Solofra · Sorbo Serpico
· Sperone · Sturno · Summonte · Taurano · Taurasi · Teora · Torella dei
Lombardi · Torre Le Nocelle · Torrioni · Trevico · Tufo · Vallata ·
Vallesaccarda · Venticano · Villamaina · Villanova del Battista · Volturara
Irpina · Zungoli
View of the City.
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avellino"
Categories: Cities and towns in Campania | Communes of the Province of Avellino |
Avellino

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