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Tirupati (city) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tirupati (city)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tirupati is a major pilgrimage and cultural city in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. It is the largest city in the Rayalaseema region and also the 4th largest growing city of the Indian state Andhra Pradesh next to Hyderabad, Vizag and Vijayawada. It is located at the foothills of the Eastern Ghats, 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Chittoor, 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Chennai, 250 kilometres (160 mi) from Bangalore and 550 kilometres (340 mi) from Hyderabad. It is one of the richest pilgrimage cities of any religious faith in the world. [3]

Tirupati is famous for Venkateswara Swamy temple dedicated to Lord Venkateswara, located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) north west of Tirupati in the Tirumala hills at an elevation of 853 metres (2,799 ft). One of the most important pilgrimage centers in the world, the temple draws millions of pilgrims and is the busiest pilgrimage center in the world. [4] Tirupati has several temples and is a major economical and educational hub in the southern region of the state.

Contents

Etymology1

1

 

History2

2

Climate3

3

Demographics4

4

4.1 Language and culture

4.1

Language and culture

Transport5

5

5.1 Road

5.1 Road

5.2 Railway

5.2 Railway

5.3 Air

5.3 Air

Media6

6

 

Festivals7

7

Places of interest8

8

8.1 Temples

8.1 Temples

8.2 Others

8.2 Others

Education9

9

 

Entertainmentof interest 8 8.1 Temples 8.2 Others Education 9   Government and politics Gallery 10 11

Government and politics7 Places of interest 8 8.1 Temples 8.2 Others Education 9   Entertainment Gallery 10 11

Galleryof interest 8 8.1 Temples 8.2 Others Education 9   Entertainment Government and politics 10 11

10

11

12

Tirupati

City

: 13.65°N 79.42°E Tirupati ర ప City Tirupathi city view Nickname(s): thirunagati ర

Tirupathi city view

Nickname(s): thirunagati నగ

Tirupati
Tirupati

Location in Andhra Pradesh, India

Coordinates: 13.65°N 79.42°E

Country

State

Region

79.42°E Country S t a t e R e g i o n District India Andhra

Government

MLA

Bhumana Karunakar Reddy (y.s.r.c.p) (Tirupati urban and Renigunta) Aruna Kumari Galla (Tirupati rural and Chandragiri)

Elevation

161 m (528 ft)

Population (2011) [1][2]

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Tirupati (city) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

13 See also

13 See also

14 References

14 References

15 External links

15 External links

Etymology

The word Tirupati is derived from both Tamil and Sanskrit. In Sanskrit husband is called as Pati or Pathi, of his Pathni Sri Lakshmi devi and Tiru literally means 'Holy' or 'Sacred' in Tamil and together the temple is called as Tirupati.

Total

459,985

Languages

 

Official

Time zone

Telephone

0877

code

AP-03

Website

 

Vaishnavites, commonly known as Vaikhanasas of Andhra pradesh wear thirunamam on their body, which represents the lord's sign. Later it eventually attracted many Vaishnavites who formalized the temple affairs. Saint ramanujacharya, a Tamil Vaishnavite, has aggregated and started Shri Vaishnavites settlement around the Govindarajaswamy temple in the city in the 11th century. He also regularized the pujas according to aagama saastras and named the mountain as Tirumala.

History

There is no clear history on the origin of the temple of Lord Venkateshwara, but it was maintained and upgraded by various kingdoms. These include the Pallava Kingdom around 9th Century AD, Chola Kingdom around 10th century AD and the latest one being Vijayanagara Empire around 14th to 15th century AD. It was during the rule o Vijayanagara Empire that the temple received increased contributions. [5]

The site was an established center of Vaishnavism around 5th century A.D. during which it was praised by Alvars (Vaishnava saints). The temple rites were formalized by the Vaishnavite saint Ramanujacharya himself, in the 11th century AD. [6][7] Tirupati survived the Muslim and British invasions. It is believed that during the invasions the deity of Sriranganatha from Srirangam was brought to Tirupati for safekeeping at Ranga Mandapam.

The Madras legislature passed a special act in 1933 whereby the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam (TTD) committee was invested with powers of administration and control through a commissioner appointed by the Government of

Madras. [citation needed]

Climate

Monsoon remains moderate and summer experiences temperatures ranging from 35 to 40 degrees Celsius. In winter the minimum temperatures will be between 18 and 20 degrees Celsius. Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in July, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.

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Climate data for Tirupathi, India

 

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C (°F)

20.9

23.8

28.7

30.3

26.3

25.8

24.7

23.2

23.8

24.3

22.1

20.9

24.57

(69.6)

(74.8)

(83.7)

(86.5)

(79.3)

(78.4)

(76.5)

(73.8)

(74.8)

(75.7)

(71.8)

(69.6)

(76.21)

Average low

9.7

10.1

12.6

15.2

14.9

14.2

13.9

12.5

11.1

11.5

10.7

9.9

12.19

°C (°F)

(49.5)

(50.2)

(54.7)

(59.4)

(58.8)

(57.6)

(57)

(54.5)

(52)

(52.7)

(51.3)

(49.8)

(53.96)

82.0

99.7

72.9

83.9

245.7

569.7

1,413

2,218.6

1,319.1

1,257.5

818.7

530.5

8,711.3

mm (inches)

(3.228)

(3.925)

(2.87)

(3.303)

(9.673)

(22.429)

(55.63)

(87.346)

(51.933)

(49.508)

(32.232)

(20.886)

(342.963)

 

Source: Indian Meteorological Department [8]

 

Demographics

As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Tirupati is 459,985 and is the 9th most populous urban agglomeration in Andhra Pradesh. The sex ratio of Tirupati city is 969 females per 1000 males.

Language and culture

Transport

Road

Sri Hari bus station is one of the largest in the state and has direct bus services to nearby towns and major cities across South India. There is a dedicated bus stand at Alipiri for buses to Tirumala. A number of buses are operated by government operator APSRTC and private operators connecting Tirupati to other major cities and towns such as Chennai, Vellore,Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam and Bangalore. Due to its proximity with Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, buses from KSRTC, TNSTC, SETC also operate to Tirupati.

Railway

Tirupati Main is a major railway station and has five platforms and presently undergoing modernization. Tirupati is well connected to major cities across India especially Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad. It is also connected by Chennai sub-urban railways in North-western line. Renigunta junction which lies on the busy Chennai - Mumbai rail corridor, is 15 km away from Tirupati city.

Air

Tirupati Airport is located 15 km from the city center and has flights to Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, New Delhi. Additionally the airport offers flights to Coimbatore, Kolkata, Mumbai. The closest international airport is located in Chennai, (Chennai International Airport) which is 130 km (81 mi) from Tirupati. The Tirupati airport is not yet upgraded to an International airport. [9]

Media

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Festivals

The town celebrates all major Hindu festivals including Deepavali, Pongal, Vaikunta Ekadasi, Rama Navami and Janmashtami with great splendor, while the Brahmotsavam celebrated every year during September is the most important festival in Tirumala when it receives millions of devotees over a short span of a week. Rathasapthami is another festival, celebrated during February, when Lord Venkateswara's idol is taken in a procession around the temple chariots. [10]

Places of interest

Temples

There are many temples in Tirupati and Tirumala. Some of them are:

Gangamma temple, Tirupati

Varadaraja Swamy Temple near Kapila theerthamPadmavathi Ammavari Temple Gangamma temple, Tirupati Govindaraja Swamy Temple Kodanda Rama Swamy Temple Kalyana

Govindaraja Swamy TempleTirupati Varadaraja Swamy Temple near Kapila theertham Kodanda Rama Swamy Temple Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple,

Kodanda Rama Swamy TempleSwamy Temple near Kapila theertham Govindaraja Swamy Temple Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Srinivasa Mangapuram

Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Srinivasa Mangapuramtheertham Govindaraja Swamy Temple Kodanda Rama Swamy Temple Kapila Theertham , dedicated to Lord Shiva and

Sri Nammalwar Temple [at the entrance of Kapilatheertham]Kapila Theertham , dedicated to Lord Shiva and Parvati ISKCON Lord Krishna Temple Yogimallavaram Shiva Temple

ISKCON Lord Krishna TempleSri Nammalwar Temple [at the entrance of Kapilatheertham] Yogimallavaram Shiva Temple Anjaneya Swamy Temple

Yogimallavaram Shiva Templethe entrance of Kapilatheertham] ISKCON Lord Krishna Temple Anjaneya Swamy Temple Vanakshamma Temple Kalahastheeswarar

Anjaneya Swamy TempleISKCON Lord Krishna Temple Yogimallavaram Shiva Temple Vanakshamma Temple Kalahastheeswarar Temple, Srikalahasti

Vanakshamma TempleTemple Yogimallavaram Shiva Temple Anjaneya Swamy Temple Kalahastheeswarar Temple, Srikalahasti , 40 km from

Kalahastheeswarar Temple, Srikalahasti , 40 km from Tirupati Srikalahasti, 40 km from Tirupati

Venugopala Swamy Temple, Karvetinagaram, 40 km from TirupatiTemple, Srikalahasti , 40 km from Tirupati Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Narayanavanam, 48 km from

Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Narayanavanam, 48 km from TirupatiVenugopala Swamy Temple, Karvetinagaram, 40 km from Tirupati Vedanarayana Swamy Temple , Nagalapuram, about 60 km

Vedanarayana Swamy Temple , Nagalapuram, about 60 km from Tirupati Vedanarayana Swamy Temple, Nagalapuram, about 60 km from Tirupati

Prasanna Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Appalayagunta, 20 km from TirupatiSwamy Temple , Nagalapuram, about 60 km from Tirupati Agusthyeswara Swamy Temple,Thondawada, 10 km from Tirupati

Agusthyeswara Swamy Temple,Thondawada, 10 km from TirupatiSwamy Temple, Appalayagunta, 20 km from Tirupati Parasurameswara Temple, Gudimallam , 20 km from Tirupati

Parasurameswara Temple, Gudimallam , 20 km from Tirupati Gudimallam, 20 km from Tirupati

Kanipakam Vinayakar Temple , 70 km from Tirupati Kanipakam Vinayakar Temple, 70 km from Tirupati

Others

Chandragiri Fort and archeological Museum. Chandragiri Fort and archeological Museum.

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Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park [ 1 1 ] SV Zoological park is the Second largest Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park [11] SV Zoological park is the Second largest zoo park in Asia. [12]

Regional Science Center and planetarium . planetarium.

Jungle Book near Kapila Theertham . Kapila Theertham.

Education

Entertainment

Sri Mahati Auditorium is a major auditorium owned and operated by TTD used exclusive for cultural and spiritual activities. There are several parks in Tirupati, of which Tirupati Municipal Park is notable, abutting the Kapilatheertham by-pass road in Tirupati. This park is ideal for an evening stroll. Dancing musical fountains here are a special attraction. The Shilparamam (Urban Haat) is located on the Tirupati-Tiruchanur road. This set up jointly by the Central and the State Tourism Departments. It houses a multipurpose auditorium with 600 seating capacity. Also has a boat club. Every Saturday and Sunday cultural programmes are conducted in the evenings. Tirupati has many cinema halls which screen Telugu, Tamil, English and Hindi movies.

Government and politics

Tirupati is a municipal corporation. It contributes a member in central parliament and a member in state legislature in Indian politics. Tirupati Urban Development Authority (TUDA) is the planning authority.

Assembly constituency

List of elected members:

1955 – R. Nadamuni Reddy (Indian National
1962 – R. Nadamuni Reddy (Indian National

1962

– R. Nadamuni Reddy (Indian National

Congress)

1967 – A. Eswar Reddy ( Independent )

1967

– A. Eswar Reddy (Independent)

1972 – V. Sikamani (Indian National Congress)

1972

– V. Sikamani (Indian National Congress)

1978 – A. Eswar Reddy (Indian National

1978

– A. Eswar Reddy (Indian National

Congress)

1983 – N. T. Rama Rao ( Telugu Desam Party )

1983

1983 – K. Symala (Telugu Desam Party)

1983

– K. Symala (Telugu Desam Party)

1985 – M. Ramireddy (Indian National Congress)

1985

– M. Ramireddy (Indian National Congress)

1989 – M. Ramireddy (Indian National Congress)

1989

– M. Ramireddy (Indian National Congress)

1994 – A. Mohan (Telugu Desam Party)

1994

– A. Mohan (Telugu Desam Party)

1999 – Chadalavada Krishna Murthy (Telugu

1999

– Chadalavada Krishna Murthy (Telugu

Desam Party)

2004 – M. Venkata Ramana (Indian National

2004

– M. Venkata Ramana (Indian National

Parliamentary Constituency

List of elected members: [13]

1977 – Balakrishnaiah Tambura (Indian National
1980 – Pasala Penchalaiah (Indian National

1980

– Pasala Penchalaiah (Indian National

Congress)

1984 – Chinta Mohan (Telugu Desam Party )

1984

1989 – Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress)

1989

Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress)

1991 – Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress)

1991

Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress)

1996 – Nelavala Subrahmanyam (Indian National
1998 – Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress)

1998 – Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress)

1999 – N. Venkata Swamy (Bharatiya Janata

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Congress)

Chiranjeevi (Praja Rajyam) Chiranjeevi (Praja Rajyam)

– Bhumana Karunakar Reddy (YSRencyclopedia Congress) – Chiranjeevi (Praja Rajyam) 2009 2012 Congress Party) Gallery Galigopuram on Tirumala

2009

2012

Congress Party)

Gallery

Karunakar Reddy (YSR 2009 2012 Congress Party) Gallery Galigopuram on Tirumala walkway from Tirupati Museum in

Galigopuram on Tirumala walkway from Tirupati

Gallery Galigopuram on Tirumala walkway from Tirupati Museum in Tirumala Footpath to Tirumala Tirumala ghat road

Museum in Tirumala

on Tirumala walkway from Tirupati Museum in Tirumala Footpath to Tirumala Tirumala ghat road view Tirumala

Footpath to Tirumala

from Tirupati Museum in Tirumala Footpath to Tirumala Tirumala ghat road view Tirumala Hill view from

Tirumala ghat road view

in Tirumala Footpath to Tirumala Tirumala ghat road view Tirumala Hill view from Tirupati Elephants welcoming

Tirumala Hill view from Tirupati

Tirumala ghat road view Tirumala Hill view from Tirupati Elephants welcoming Lord Srinivasa at Tirumala –

Elephants welcoming Lord Srinivasa at Tirumala

Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress) Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress)

Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress) Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress)

2004

2009

– Chinta Mohan (Indian National Congress) 2004 2009 Akasha Ganga in Tirumala Alipiri entrance way to

Akasha Ganga in Tirumala

National Congress) 2004 2009 Akasha Ganga in Tirumala Alipiri entrance way to Tirumala Kodhandaramaswamy Temple

Alipiri entrance way to Tirumala

Akasha Ganga in Tirumala Alipiri entrance way to Tirumala Kodhandaramaswamy Temple at Tirupati Kapil theertam in

Kodhandaramaswamy Temple at Tirupati

way to Tirumala Kodhandaramaswamy Temple at Tirupati Kapil theertam in Tirupati Alipiri part of Gaali Gopuram

Kapil theertam in Tirupati

Temple at Tirupati Kapil theertam in Tirupati Alipiri part of Gaali Gopuram ISKCON Temple at Tirupati

Alipiri part of Gaali Gopuram

Kapil theertam in Tirupati Alipiri part of Gaali Gopuram ISKCON Temple at Tirupati

ISKCON Temple at Tirupati

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Tirupati (city) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Raajamudra of vijayanagar empire at Alipiri Gopuram in

Raajamudra of vijayanagar empire at Alipiri Gopuram in Tirupathi

of vijayanagar empire at Alipiri Gopuram in Tirupathi Upper view of Kapila Theertham waterfalls Tirupathi See

Upper view of Kapila Theertham waterfalls Tirupathi

See also References

of Kapila Theertham waterfalls Tirupathi See also References New Model Building in Tirupati, India Padmavathi Ammavari

New Model Building in Tirupati, India

See also References New Model Building in Tirupati, India Padmavathi Ammavari Temple The water fall on

Padmavathi Ammavari Temple

Model Building in Tirupati, India Padmavathi Ammavari Temple The water fall on the way down the

The water fall on the way down the hill near Tirupati

Temple The water fall on the way down the hill near Tirupati Indian peafowl at SV

Indian peafowl at SV Zoological Park, Tirupati

near Tirupati Indian peafowl at SV Zoological Park, Tirupati Kapilatheertam 1. ^

Kapilatheertam