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Reaffirmed: 6/95, 6/00

Safety Standards
of the Nuclear Safety Standards Commission (KTA)

KTA 3205.2 (06/90) Component Support Structures with Non-integral Connections; Part 2: Component Support Structures with Non-Integral Connections for Pressure and Activity-Retaining Components in Systems Outside the Primary Circuit (Komponentensttzkonstruktionen mit nichtintegralen Anschlssen; Teil 2: Komponentensttzkonstruktionen mit nicht-integralen Anschlssen bei druck- und aktivittsfhrenden Komponenten in Systemen auerhalb des Primrkreises)

If there is any doubt regarding the information contained in this translation, the German wording shall apply.

Editor: KTA-Geschaeftsstelle c/o Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz (BfS) Willy-Brandt-Strasse 5 38226 Salzgitter Germany Telephone +49-1888/333-(0) 1621 Telefax +49-1888/333-1625

KTA SAFETY STANDARD


June 1990 Component Support Structures with Non-integral Connections; Part 2: Component Support Structures with Non-Integral Con- KTA 3205.2 nections for Pressure and Activity-Retaining Components in Systems Outside the Primary Circuit
CONTENTS

Basic Principles............................................................................................................................................................1 1 2 3 3.1 3.2 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 6 6.1 6.2 7 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 9 Scope...............................................................................................................................................................1 Definitions ........................................................................................................................................................1 Documents, documentation, design approval, and inspection ..........................................................................2 Documents and documentation........................................................................................................................2 Design approval and inspection .......................................................................................................................2 Design data, loadings and load cases ..............................................................................................................2 Design data sheet ............................................................................................................................................2 Loads ...............................................................................................................................................................2 Combined loadings and their assignment to loading levels (load cases) ..........................................................2 Calculation .......................................................................................................................................................2 General stipulations..........................................................................................................................................2 Calculation procedures.....................................................................................................................................3 Allowable stresses ...........................................................................................................................................3 Design..............................................................................................................................................................3 General principles ............................................................................................................................................3 Requirements...................................................................................................................................................4 Materials and product forms .............................................................................................................................4 Manufacture .....................................................................................................................................................5 Requirements...................................................................................................................................................5 Qualification of the manufacturer's works .........................................................................................................5 Personnel requirements ...................................................................................................................................5 Working principles for welding..........................................................................................................................5 Heat treatment .................................................................................................................................................6 Identification marking .......................................................................................................................................6 Corrosion protection and cleanliness requirements ..........................................................................................6 In-process and final inspections .......................................................................................................................6 Periodic inspections .........................................................................................................................................6

Appendix A Regulations referred to in this standard..................................................................................................13

PLEASE NOTE: Only the original German version of this safety standard represents the joint resolution of the 50-member Nuclear Safety Standards Commission (Kerntechnischer Ausschuss, KTA). The German version was made public in Bundesanzeiger No. 194a on October 14, 2000. Copies may be ordered through the Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Luxemburger Str. 449, 50939 Koeln (Telefax +49-221-94373-603). All questions regarding this English translation should please be directed to: KTA-Geschaeftsstelle c/o BfS, Willy-Brandt-Strasse 5, 38226 Salzgitter, Germany

Comments by the editor: Taking into account the meaning and usage of auxiliary verbs in the German language, in this translation the following agreements are effective: shall shall basically indicates a mandatory requirement, is used in the case of mandatory requirements to which specific exceptions (and only those!) are permitted. It is a requirement of the KTA that these exceptions - other than those in the case of shall normally - are specified in the text of the safety standard, indicates a requirement to which exceptions are allowed. However, the exceptions used, shall be substantiated during the licensing procedure, indicates a recommendation or an example of good practice, indicates an acceptable or permissible method within the scope of this safety standard.

shall normally should may

KTA 3205.2 Page 1

Basic Principles (1) The safety standards of the Nuclear Safety Standards Commission (KTA) are intended to specify safety requirements which shall be met regarding precautions to be taken in accordance with the state of science and technology against hazards arising from the erection and operation of nuclear plants (Section 7, paragraph 2, No. 3 Atomic Energy Act), in order to attain the protective goals specified in the Atomic Energy Act and in the Radiological Protection Ordinance. For nuclear power plants these protective goals have been specified in a more detailed manner in the Safety Criteria for Nuclear Power plants published by the Ministry of the Environment. (2) Criterion 1.1 Principal Safety Precautions of these safety criteria requires, among other things, a comprehensive quality assurance during the construction and erection, and criterion 2.1 Quality Assurance requires the establishment and utilization of construction, test and inspection instructions as well as the documentation of the quality control. KTA safety standard 3205.2 is intended to specify detailed measures for the fulfillment of the aforementioned requirements within its scope. To this end, a number of individual rules covering the conventional technologies, especially DIN standards, are to be applied additionally. (3) Component support structures have the function to safely transfer loads from the supported parts and components to the loadabsorbing plant parts. (4) This safety standard covers component support structures with non-integral connections for pressure and activity-retaining components outside the primary circuit. Components with non-integral connections for primary circuit components (scope in accordance with KTA 3201) are covered by KTA 3205.1. KTA 3205.3 covers standard supports that have been subjected to a qualification test. Component support structures with integral connections for systems outside the primary circuit are covered by KTA 3211.2 and KTA 3211.3. 1 Scope

rules shall be laid down if the S2 specifications are not taken over. (5) For standard components or parts that have not been subjected to a qualification test, unified stipulations may be fixed by agreement with the authorized inspector. (6) Pipe whip restraints are covered by Annex D of KTA 3205.1. (7) The protective goals and stability proofs for the individual steel construction load cases are defined in Table 1-2.

Definitions
Remarks: (1) The definition of non-integral support structures is contained in KTA 3205.1. (2) Regarding the abbreviations the stipulations of DIN 18800, Part 1 shall apply.

(1)

Final file

This is that part of the documents filed during the service lifetime of the plant or of the documented parts of the plant. (2) Authorized inspector

An expert person or organization to act as inspector due to legal prescriptions (e.g. 20 of the Atomic Energy Act), guidelines, regulations, ordinances, or acting on behalf of the authority granting statutory approval or being responsible for building supervision. (3) Protective or special constructions. Pipe whip restraints Protective or special constructions cover e.g. the steam generation cross-over system, storage facilities for new fuel elements, energyabsorbing elements. Pipe whip restraints are covered by Annex D of KTA 3205.1. (4) Reference yield stress

(1) This safety standard applies to non-integral component support structures of steel construction category 2 for pressure and activity retaining components outside the primary circuit with design temperatures of up to 350 C in nuclear power plants with light-water reactors. The rules apply up to the connection to the anchor plate or other constructions under the responsibility of the building supervision authorities. (2) The assignment of steel construction classes to the components has been laid down in Table 1-1 with the assignment being based on the equivalence of importance regarding safety. Components according to KTA 3211 have principally been assigned to steel construction category S2. Exceptions from this rule are shown in Table 1-1. (3) Standard parts which are loaded or used in another way than described in the annexes covering the qualification test as per KTA 3205.3, require verifications in accordance with this safety standard and if necessary proofs of functional capability in accordance with KTA 3205.3. (4) For structural steel components of steel construction category S3 which are not assigned to steel construction category S1 or S2, the steel construction standards and guidelines, e.g. DIN 18000, Part 1, shall apply. Where these standards or guidelines do not contain clear specifications (e.g. for material certificates or special load cases) addition

The reference yield stress Rv0.2 can be determined from the yield stress or ultimate strength and is a (fictitios) offset yield strength by means of which material-independent information on allowable stresses can be obtained (see Table 5-1). In the following, the yield stresses ReH and Rp0.2 are considered to be equivalent. (5) Interim file

Interim file is that part of quality documentation filed at the manufacturer's works during the duration of component fabrication until delivery of the component and checking of the documents forming part of the final file. The interim file comprises such documents being important for the verification of the fabrication stages but not for the description of the final condition of the plant and its parts. These documents include e.g. a) certificates on test and for inspections in the final condition of the plant or its parts b) records concerning the quality assurance system (6) Earthquake design load classes (EK)

The classification of earthquake design loads shall be in accordance with KTA 2201.1. (7) Earthquake design load class II A (EK II A)

Support structures of earthquake design load class II which may endanger class I plants due to an earthquake and for which stability is required will be classified under earthquake design load class II A in this safety standard.

KTA 3205.2 Page 2

3 3.1

Documents, documentation, design approval, and inspection Documents and documentation

(1) The documents listed in Table 3-1 are to be established for steel construction class S2 and be documented in accordance with Table 3-1). (2) For steel construction class S3 Table 3-1 shall also be used under earthquake design load classes EK I and EK II. 3.2 Design approval and inspection

(1) The documents as per Nos. 1 to 6 in Table 3-1 for component support structures according to Table 1-1 shall be submitted for design approval prior to the beginning of fabrication. Table 3-2 indicates how to use the documents as per 3.1 for piping supports. (2) Where series-production parts are used for piping supports, they shall be subjected to a design approval or qualification test in accordance with KTA 3205.3. (3) The design approval or inspection of proper construction on the site (among other things, also the assessment of stability) shall be made by the authorized inspector (see also clause 8.8.3). (4) For steel platforms of steel construction class S3 as per no. 1 of Table 1-1 or anchoring devices as per no. 4 of Table 1-1 which are subject to building supervision, the local building supervision authority shall lay down the inspection requirements. The component loading data shall be checked by the authorized inspector. 4 4.1 Design data, loadings and load cases Design data sheet

B1: applied during operation for long periods of time, e.g. stockpile or assembly loadings B2: loadings applied during operating hours or only for short periods of time during operation as stockpile, test or imposed loadings c) Component loadings A to D These are loadings applied by the component to be supported unless covered by standard loadings as per a) d) Special loadings These are e.g. external events such as earthquakes or internal events such as pipe fracture loads, impinging jet forces, pressures and temperatures arising from incidents (2) Influences of friction shall only be verified for load cases H and HZ. The following friction coefficients for the determination of forces and moments apply - without specific verification - to ferritic steels: a) m = 0.45 Steel on steel/ undressed, without antifreeze agents, with painting b) m = 0.30 Steel on steel/ dressed (e.g. also brushed), free from painting (3) A frictional coefficient of m = 0.15 applies without specific verification - for structural stability (4) For friction-type bolted joints the minimum frictional coefficients to a standard (e.g. to DIN 18800, Part 1) apply; see also clause 5.3(4). 4.3 Combined loadings and their assignment to loading levels (load cases)
Note: The combination of assumed simultaneously acting loadings to form combined loading is shown as example in Table 4-1.

The design data sheet (ADB) shall contain the following information: a) steel construction category, earthquake design load class, type of component support structure b) plant part c) room number d) elevation (only for earthquake design) e) system identification, e.g. identification of piping in accordance with the power plant identification system (KKS) f) material or material group g) loads occurring including superposition of loads and classification and, if required, degrees of freedom (flexibilities) h) components to be supported i) design temperature, operating and incident temperature of component support structures k) check note 4.2 Loads

(1) Combined loadings and their assignment shall be laid down in the design data sheet specific to each individual project and system. (2) The assignment of combined loadings to the steel construction load cases (loading levels) shall be made in accordance with Table 4-1 unless deviations are laid down in the design data sheet. 5 5.1 Calculation General stipulations

(1) The substantiation by calculation is based on clause 1.2.1 of DIN 18800, Part 1. The calculation contains data on assumed loadings, verifications required and allowable stresses. (2) By means of the strength calculation the following verifications shall be made for all load cases with simultaneously applied loadings - if applicable: a) General stress analysis (verification of strength) b) Proof of stability (Buckling, safety against overturning, instability) structural stability c) Structural stability (overturning, sliding, lifting) d) Limitation of deformation (data - if required - to be laid down in the design data sheet in dependence of the function) (3) The substantiation by calculation may also be replaced or supplemented by verifications based on testing. (4) A fatigue analysis shall only be made if a stress range (total stresses including peak stress) equivalent to the yield

(1) All loadings shall be indicated which may act individually or in combination with other loadings. Portions of loads may not be taken into account if they are comparably low (e.g. dead weight of pipe supports). These loadings include: a) Permanent standard loadings Deadweight of the supporting structure and weight of components with filling and insulation (if any) - such as piping unless covered by the component loadings A to D according to KTA 3211.2. b) Non-permanent standard loadings

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strength or 0.2 % proof stress and a number of load cycles exceeding 20.000 is obtained.
Note: This stipulation is prerequisite to the use of the materials listed in Table 7-2.

5.3

Allowable stresses

(5) If applicable the individual substantiation by calculation may be substituted by a general analysis. 5.2 Calculation procedures

(1) The reference (offset) yield stress values have been determined in dependence of the material in Table 5-1. For the load cases H, HZ and HS the allowable stresses referred to the reference yield stress in accordance with Tables 5-2 to 5-5 apply for temperatures 80 C and are the same values as in, or supplement the values of, DIN 18800, Part 1. (2) For component temperatures > 80 C the reduction of yield stress values due to temperature shall be taken into account. For the steels St37 and St52 Figure 5-1 applies:
ReHRT = minimum value of upper yield stress at room temperature ReHT

(1) The substantiations by calculation shall generally be made on the basis of the theory of bending and statics of bars (see pertinent clauses 6 and 7 of DIN 18800, Part 1) (2) If the design is proved to be a plane loadbearing structure, e.g. by means of the theory of shells, higher stresses than given in Section 5 may be agreed with the authorized inspector in well justified cases unless the allowable stresses were taken from KTA 3401.2. (3) Dynamic loadings may be covered by equivalent static loads. In this case, however, the limit analysis as per Section 7 shall not be used. (4) Proofs of stability shall be rendered in accordance with the requirements of DIN 4114, Parts 1 and 2 or the DASt guidelines 012 or 013. For the steel construction load categoH ries HS2 and HS3 a safety factor of 0.77 n - but at least 1.15 - shall be adhered to (except for the verification of the omega value). (5) Except for the steel St37 the omega values of the steel St52 shall be taken for the omega values of the materials listed in Table 7-2. The omega values for stainless steels shall be taken from the approval document Z-30.44.1 of the Institute of Building Technology. (6) For the steel construction load category HS1 the safety factors shall be 10 % higher than for steel construction load category HS2 / HS3. The slenderness ratios of pressed parts shall be limited to a value 150. (7) The use of the limit analysis is principally permitted. In load case HS3 however, it shall be preferably used in which case a failure due to instability as per DASt guideline 008 shall be excluded. The following safety factors shall be taken into account: a) n b) n
HS1

= minimum value of yield stress at temperature T

Rp0.2T ture T

= minimum value of 0.2% proof stress at tempera-

ReHT or Rp0.2T = k ReHRT

* and other values to Table 7-2 if no elevated temperature proof stress values are available.
Figure 5-1:

Reduction factor k for the determination of the elevated temperature proof stress in dependence of the temperature.

1.30 1.15

HS2,HS3

(8) The proof of structural stability shall be made in accordance with DIN 18800, Part 1 and be verified with the safety factors for the steel construction load categories H and HZ to be taken from this standard. In addition, stabilizing loads shall have a safety factor of 1.0, destabilizing loads for load category HS1 a factor of 1.30 and load categories HS2 and HS3 a factor of 1.15. (9) Stresses due to restraint to thermal expansion within component support structures shall not be analyzed if the design requirements of Section 6 are met. Deviating herefrom the necessity of a verification of constraint of the supporting structure transition to the concrete structure shall be checked for temperatures (mean temperature) T 120 C in the support. (10) The stresses (including stress intensities) shall be determined in accordance with DIN 18800, Part 1 unless a more detailed analysis is made.

(3) The temperature dependence of Young's modulus, shear modulus and coefficient of thermal expansion need not be considered. (4) For austenitic bolts the factors for determining the allowable loadings of bolts in quality class 4.6 to DIN ISO 898, Part 1 apply. Alternately, the allowable values may also be determined in accordance with KTA 3205.1. The design strength values shall be taken from Tables 4 and 6 of DIN 267, Part 11. A calculation for full utilization of stresses by friction-type connections is not permitted for stainless steels. (5) The thermal stress range shall be safeguarded as secondary stress against two times the yield stress. A superposition with loadings resulting from external loads is not required.
6 6.1 Design

General principles

The design of steel structures shall be effected to comply with the generally accepted rules of technology (especially the requirements of DIN 18800, Parts 1 and 7 as well as DIN 18801 and additionally shall a) meet the functional requirements

KTA 3205.2 Page 4

b) c) d) e)

not lead to an increase of loadings stresses meet the specific requirements for materials meet fabrication, inspection and testing requirements be amenable to maintenance in which case correlations between these requirements shall be taken into account. Requirements

(19) For sliding supports sufficient clearance shall be provided (e.g. 3 mm for piping). Inadmissible jamming shall be excluded. (20) Sliding supports shall be so designed that an inadmissible slipping during pipe movement is impossible. (21) For sliding supports with composite austenitic materials specific verifications of friction are required. (22) For planar pipe guides composite austenitic materials are permitted in the case of low surface pressure and sufficient clearance (2 to 3 mm). (23) Data for the tightening of pre-tensioned bolts (e.g. reduced-shank bolts) shall be entered in the design drawing (e.g. required minimum and maximum allowable torque or nut rotation as well as lubricants). (24) Shearing sections within the thread area of bolts are permitted. The calculation shall be made in accordance with EUROCODE No. 3. (25) The thread engagement length of threaded parts shall be at least 0.8 d (see clause A 2.9.4.3.2 of KTA 3211.2) in which case the combination of materials shall be taken into account. d is the outside diameter of the thread. The acceptability of shorter thread engagement lengths shall be verified. (26) Local instabilities shall be prevented, if required, by means of shiftings, especially at points of load application and points of support. (27) Double-welded joints shall be preferred to single-side welds. (Connections of hollow profiles or plates to anchor plates, front plates or others). (28) The design shall be such that higher supporting conditions due to plastic deformation are possible. Designs of critical stability which may lead to sudden failure of the component shall be avoided, e.g. by safety devices against overturning or other stiffenings. (29) When locating pipe supports care shall be taken to ensure that the pipe welds can be inspected (also for periodic inspections). (30) To avoid spalling of concrete due to high heat input, a sufficiently great edge distance shall be ensured when welding profiles to the anchoring elements unless the heat input is kept low by sufficiently small weld bead thicknesses. (31) Support structures made of non-metallic parts including lubricants should maintain their operability during their speci5 fied lifetime if exposed to radiation doses of up to 10 J/kg.
7 Materials and product forms

6.2

(1) Thermal expansion at high temperatures shall be considered. If required, expansions shall be made possible. (2) The selection of the design (storage conditions, support function and interactions) shall be such that the assumptions made in the piping design are satisfied. (3) The minimum dimensions for load-carrying parts shall be: a) wall thickness 4 mm b) bolts M 12 In justified cases, exceptions to these requirements are possible. (4) Tolerances for buildings and location of anchoring systems shall be considered. (5) Slots are permitted; care shall be taken to ensure that the distance between the slot edges is sufficient. (6) Where hollow profiles are use, the requirements of DIN 18808 shall be met. (7) Where welded joints are laid, the accessibility of welds and minimization of weld residual stresses shall be taken into account. Overhead weld positions and unfavourable angular positions shall be avoided, if possible. (8) In the case of oblique bearing faces the bolt heads as well as the nuts shall be provided with e.g. conical washers to equalize the inclination. (9) Deviating from DIN 18800, Part 1 bolted bar connections shall be provided with at least 2 bolts. Bar connection with only one bolt are permitted in exceptional cases only e.g. for railings or secondary parts. (10) Care shall be taken to ensure that the components (including piping) are readily accessible. (11) The requirements regarding decontamination capabilities shall be met. (12) Thermal movement of components shall be taken into account. (13) The weld form shall be in accordance with DIN 18800, Part 7. Intermittent fillet welds are not permitted. (14) It shall be ensured that welds for which proof of quality is to be rendered can be inspected and/or tested. (15) The tolerances shall be fixed in accordance with DIN 8570, Parts 1 and 3 or DIN 7168, Parts 1 and 2. The selection of the tolerance class shall be made in due consideration of the individual intended use. In special cases, adjustment tolerances justified by design reserves may be fixed separately. (16) Mechanical fasteners shall always be secured in the case of primarily non-static loading (e.g. by means of counter or lock nuts or pre-loading; a fixation by welding may only be provided in the case of weldable steels). (17) In the case of tensile loading in thickness direction on welded parts DASt guideline 014 shall be considered (see also Section 7). (18) Slot welds are permitted (see EUROCODE No. 3).

(1) The allowable materials and the related test certificates to DIN 50049 are shown in Table 7-2. Other materials shall only be used upon agreement with the authorized inspector.
Note: The use of the steel RSt 37-2 is recommended.

(2) For ferritic plates subject to tensile loading in thickness direction quality category Z to SEL 096 shall be used in consideration of DASt guideline 014: at least the requirements of Table 7-2 shall be met. (3) The filler metals and consumables shall be qualified and be acceptable regarding the respective welding procedure. (4) For bolts and nuts the following strength categories to DIN/ISO 898, Parts 1 and 2 are permitted: a) 4.6, 5.6, 8.8, 10.9 (Bolts)

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b) 4, 5, 8, 10 (nuts) (5) Bolts shall be certified by stamping. For bolts of strength category 10.9 a work's certificate (certificate to clause 2.2 of DIN 50049) is additionally required. (6) Bolts and nuts shall be marked in accordance with DIN/ISO 898, Parts 1 and 2. Austenitic bolts and nuts shall be marked in accordance with DIN 267, Part 11. (7) Elements used for the design which are not required to maintain the equilibrium of forces, e.g. stiffness outside the points of main load application, may be certified by a works certificate (certificate to clause 2.2 of DIN 50049).
8 8.1 Manufacture

8.3.2

Welders

(1) For the welding of welded constructions only welders with a valid certificate of qualification to DIN 8560 shall be employed. (2) A single-purpose performance qualification to DIN 8560 is permitted. The limitations shall be shown in the certificate to ensure that the welder is only employed in this limited area of employment.
8.3.3

Operators of fully mechanized welding equipment

Requirements

(1) Operators of fully mechanized welding equipment shall demonstrate that they have sufficient knowledge required for operating the equipment. This may be demonstrated by means of suitable test pieces or the use of procedure qualification or production tests. (2) The manufacturer shall fill in a formless certificate to indicate when and by which test pieces or production or procedure qualification tests the operators have been qualified.
8.4 8.4.1

(1) The manufacturer of component support structures shall ensure the proper performance of all necessary work in due consideration of the requirements of this safety standard. (2) The manufacturer shall have facilities and personnel at his disposal for the proper processing, testing and transportation of product forms. Facilities and personnel of other organizations may also be employed. (3) The manufacturer shall ensure that his products obtain the required quality, and shall employ responsible and competent supervisory personnel for all manufacturing stages and inspection hold-points to be carried out under his responsibility.
8.2

Working principles for welding Requirements

(1) In addition to the requirements of this clause, the requirements of DIN 8563, Part 1 and DIN 18800, Parts 1 and 7 shall be met. (2) Welding work shall not begin before the following requirements have been met: a) All tests and inspections on the product forms and on the component including the inspection of the weld areas and fusion faces, if required, shall have been performed successfully. b) All documents required for welding (working instructions of the manufacturer, welding procedure sheets, heat treatment plans, if any, or in process inspection plans, drawings) shall be available at the work place.
8.4.2 8.4.2.1

Qualification of the manufacturer's works

The manufacturer's works shall be qualified in accordance with DIN 18800, Part 7. In the case of support structures not subject to inspection under the building law the demonstration of qualification to DIN 18800, Part 7 may be replaced by a certificate of the manufacturer in accordance with DIN 8563, Part 2 (Application of AD-Merkblatt HP 0).
8.3 8.3.1

Personnel requirements Welding supervision

Performance of welding work General requirements

(1) The responsible welding supervisor shall be employed by the manufacturer's works and shall take care to ensure that the technical rules are adhered to. (2) Where several persons are nominated responsible supervisors in a manufacturer's works, the areas of responsibility of each supervisor shall be defined. (3) For designs subject to inspection under the building law the responsible welding supervisor shall be a welding engineer trained to DVS guideline 1173 and qualified to DVS guideline 1174. (4) For designs not subject to inspection under the building law the responsible welding supervisor shall satisfy the requirements of clause 3.2.1 of DIN 8563, Part 2. (5) To support the responsible welding supervisor (e.g. by delegation or as representative) welding technicians, welding experts or welding instructors trained and qualified to DVS guidelines - as well as other persons which on account of experience made are suited for certain limited areas of employment may be employed. Such personnel shall be employed by the manufacturer's works.

(1) In the case of fully mechanized welding procedures qualifications to DVS guideline 1702 or AD-Merkblatt HP 2/1 shall be performed. (2) The welding filler metals and consumables shall be permitted for welding the base metal. (3) For the storage of filler metals and consumables the requirements of the filler metal fabricators shall apply. Filler metals and consumables shall be stored in a dry storage room. (4) Basic-coated electrodes shall be redried in accordance with the fabricator's instructions. At the work place the electrodes shall be stored in a suitable warm-up device (electrode quiver).
8.4.2.2

Preheating

(1) For the steel St 52-3 the preheating temperature shall be based on DVS guideline 1703, for fine-grained structural steels on the specifications of SEW 088, and for unalloyed and alloyed heat-resisting ferritic steels on the specification of SEW 086. (2) In addition, the requirements of Table 7-1 shall be met.

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8.4.2.3

Welding in cold-formed areas

8.8.2 8.8.2.1

Inspection by the manufacturer Inspection prior to and during fabrication

Welding in cold-formed areas is only permitted if both the requirements of Table 5 of DIN 17100 and Table 16 of DIN 18800, Part 1 are met.
8.4.2.4

Weld quality

(1) At least the requirements of DIN 18800 Part 7 shall be met. (2) In the case of pipe whip restraints quality category BS or BK to DIN 8563, Part 3 shall be obtained.
8.5

Heat treatment

The following checks and inspections shall be indicated in the fabrication documents: a) Check of materials certificate, stamping and identification marking of parts b) Dimensional check and inspection for transport damage c) Receiving inspection of product forms (parts) in the works and on the site d) Supervision of welding work (weld preparation, welding filler metals, preheating, if required, welding process) e) Heat treatment
8.8.2.2

Where post-weld heat treatment is required depending on the material, wall thickness or design, it shall be performed in accordance with the pertinent material specification sheets or technical rules.
8.6

Inspection after fabrication

Identification marking

(1) The constructions shall be marked clearly, properly and durable with the following: a) System identification (e.g. according to the KKS (power plant identification) system b) manufacturer's name (2) Prior to cutting of parts delivered with works test certificates and acceptance test certificates B (certificates in accordance with clauses 2.1 and 3.1 B to DIN 50049, as required by Table 7-2, the markings shall be transferred to the individual parts, except for the steels RSt 37-2 and St 37-3 if the manufacturer is able to proof that he has not processed materials with less stringent requirements at the same time or confusion of materials can be excluded by other equivalent measures. (3) An agreement shall be made between the manufacturer and the authorized inspector on the transfer of identification markings by the manufacturer in the manufacturer's works and on the site. The markings shall be transferred such that the assignment of materials' certificates to the parts is possible in the same way as for the original marking.
8.7

The following inspections shall be performed by the manufacturer: a) 100 % visual inspection of welds b) Non-destructive tests of welds for which the quality has to be demonstrated. See Table 8-1 regarding the extent of testing. Type of testing St37 / St52 / H II / 15 Mo3 / St 35.81 / X6 CrNiTi 18 10 / X6 CrNiNb 18 10 / X6 CrNiMoTi 17 122 10 % random check other materials

Ultrasonics or radiography Surface crack detection


Table 8-1:

25 % random check

Extent of non-destructive testing of welds to be performed by the manufacturer

Corrosion protection and cleanliness requirements

(1) The requirements of DIN 50976 and DIN 55928, Parts 1 to 9 apply. In individual cases, additional requirements may be necessary. (2) The parts and their surfaces shall be such as to make decontamination possible. (3) Contaminants causing corrosion (e.g. chloride-containing or ferritic) on the surface of stainless steels shall be avoided during fabrication, transportation and assembly.
8.8 8.8.1

c) Dimensional check and fabrication inspection in the manufacturer's works or in the as-assembled condition d) Acceptance test and functional test on the site in the as-assembled condition, e.g. for conformance with design documents, assignment of materials, identification masking; see clause 6.2 (15) regarding adjustment tolerances.
8.8.3

Inspection by the authorized inspector

(1) The tests and inspections laid down in clause 8.8.2 shall additionally be subject to random checks by the authorized inspector. (2) If no design-approved drawings including strength calculations are available, the authorized inspector shall inspect the plant for proper and professional construction as well as for conformance with the statutory approval requirements (conditions) for the plant in-situ during assembly. For piping supports the requirements of Table 3-2 apply.

In-process and final inspections General requirements

(1) The extent of tests and inspections as well as the participation of the inspector and the purchaser in such tests/ inspections shall be laid down in the in-process inspection plan. (2) The in-process inspections shall be confirmed in the course of fabrication. Collective confirmatory reports are permitted.

Periodic inspections

(1) Component support structures the function of which requires operational flexibility shall be visually inspected within the course of inspection. (2) Where spring hangers, shock absorbers and dampers are manufactured in accordance with this safety standard, they shall be subjected to periodic inspections to comply with KTA 3205.3.

KTA 3205.2 Page 7

No.

Classification of non-integral component support structures Type of steel construction

KTA 3205.1

KTA 3205.2 KTA 3205.3

Rules outside 1) KTA other components


2)

Components to KTA 3201 S1 S1 S2

Components to KTA 3211 S3 S2 S3

1 2a 2b 3a

Steel platforms with support function Pipe supports, valves and pump 3) supports Vessel supports DN > 100 DN 100 Weight 50 kN or product of pressure and litres 1000 bar x l Weight < 50 kN and product of pressure and litres < 1000 bar xI Protection and special constructions including storage facility for new fuel elements except for serial No. 5 Pipe whip restraints According to the recognized rules of technology

S3
2)

2)

S1

S2

S3

2)

3b

S1

S3

2)

S2 see Annex D KTA 3205 1

S3 -

2)

5
1) 2)

For support structures subject to earthquake - proof design to KTA 2201.1 the requirements of Section 3 and clause 8.8.3 (2) shall apply additionally For pumps the nominal diameter DN of the discharge branch shall govern Under the scope of KTA 3205.1, the value shall, however, be verified in accordance with KTA 3205.2. Steel construction classification of component support structures

3) 4)

Table 1-1:

Steel construction load cases (loading levels to this safety standard) H HZ HS1 HS2

Compared to DIN 18 801 DIN 15 018 Parts 1 and 2 H HZ HS DIN 18809

Design criteria

H HZ HS

Full utilization possible, repeated wings possible, always reusable

Satisfaction of structural stability re1) quirements and maintenance of necessary functions (e.g. clearances at supports). Limitation of deformation, generally reusable Pure structural stability Gross plastic deformation possible, no reusability intended
1)

HS3

HS

1)

In conformance with DIN 18800, Part 1, clause 1.2.1

Notes: (1) The load case combination to be verified shall be assigned to the steel construction load cases in accordance with Table 4.1. (2) HS3, e.g. In the case of pipe failure or EK II A-components, each without limitation of deformation.
Table 1-2:

Steel construction load cases with pertinent design criteria

KTA 3205.2 Page 8

Serial No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 E Z R
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

Documents for design, manufacture and documentation Design data sheet (see section 4) Parts list
1)

Type of documentation E E E E

Design drawings Calculation Test and inspection sequence plan Welding procedure sheet
5) 1)

Z E E Z E
1)

4) 4) 4) 6)

(if required, heat treatment plan)


2) 2)

Data on settings (for movable supporting elements) Material certificate NDT records (US)

Z
3)

Non-conformance report Collective certification of tests and inspections

= final file = interim file = Radiography May be entered in the design drawing May be covered by the collective certification If covered by the documents of the final file, then only for the interim file If not entered in the design drawing Superior, e.g. welding related procedure sheets to groove welds are permitted For protection and special designs: E Documents on the design, manufacture and documentation for steel construction category S2

US = ultrasonic testing

Table 3-1:

Pipe support Constructions not made from catalogue parts

Time of submission/ Handling a) Required prior to assembly, e.g. prior to connection of anchor plate b) Comparison of desired and actual values and, if required, inspection prior to loading

Extent of documents Extent of documents acc. to Table 3-1, ser. nos. 1 to 11

Constructions made of catalogue production parts (non typified and statically indeterminate)

a) Prior to putting the system into operation b) Comparison of desired and actual values and, if required, inspections prior to loading a) During inspection within final inspection

Instead of serial nos. 1 to 11 of Table 3-1 Assembly drawing and verification of load comparison as well as setting plan

Simple construction parts made from catalogue parts


Table 3-2:

Handling of documents to Table 3-1 for pipe supports

KTA 3205.2 Page 9

Ser. No.

Loadings

Combined loadings (Superposition of loadings) 1 H 2 HZ x x x x x x x x x x


2)

3 HS1 x x
2)

6
3)

Steel constr. load cases (load. levels) HS2/HS3 x x


2)

1 2a 2b 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1)

Standard loads

Permanent standard loads Temporary standard loads Component loads Component loads
7)

x x x x

x x
2)

x x
2)

x x
2)

B1 B2 A B C D
5) 5)

Special 1) loads

Component loads Component loads Incident temperatures Pipe fracture loads, im4) pinging jet loads External event loads
6)

A detailed list of special loads referring to the respective steel construction category shall be made in the design data sheet. If simultaneous occurrence with special loads is to be assumed (in individual cases by mans of probability considerations). The assignment of HS2 and HS3 shall be given in the design data sheet in dependence of the respective protective goal of the component support structure (see Table 1-2). In the area where the jet impinges the yield stress allocated to the pertinent temperature. Including loads from restraint to thermal expansion and edge displacement. Design earthquake and bursting pressure wave. Aircraft crash. Explosion blast wave The component loads A to D correspond to the loads assigned to the service levels according to KTA 3211.2 Load cases and load case categories

2)

3)

4) 5) 6) 7)

Table 4-1:

Ser.-No. 1 2

Use Components and welds

Material Structural steels St 37, St 52, St 35 (W) StE 255 - 355 H II 15 MnNi 6 3

Standard DIN 17100 DIN 17175 DIN 17102 DIN 17155 VdTV-WB 427/1 DIN 17440 DIN ISO 898 Part 1 DIN 267 Part 13

Rv0.2 for steel construction category S2 ReH(T) ReH(T)

3 4 5a 5b
1) 2) 3)

ferritic steels, except for Nos. 1 and 2 stainless steels ferritic bolts
2)

Min {ReH(T); /3 Rm(T)} Rp1.0(T) replaced by 1.2 Rp0.2(T) ReH(T) 0.6 Rm(T)
3)

1)

Quality category 4.6 5.6 Quality category 8.8 10.9


2

For the materials 42 CrMo 4 /3 Rm(RT) applies for 15 Mo 3 ReH(T) For austenitic steels bolts see clause 5.3(4). If Rp1.0(T)-value is not available Reference offset yield stress values Rv0.2 in dependence of the material

Table 5-1:

KTA 3205.2 Page 10

Ser.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Type of stress H Pressure, compression (proof of stability) Pressure, compression (Stress analysis) tension and bending Shear Offset yield stress Bearing pressure when connected 1) by SL SL SLP SLP GV GVP without tensioning tensioning not to plan without tensioning tensioning not to plan initial tightening force
3)

Allowable stresses (referred to R0 2) HZ 0.66 0.75 0.75


2) 2)

HS1 0.75 0.85 0.50 0.85


4)

HS2/HS3 0.8 1.0 0.58 1.0 1.75 2.4 2.0 2.6 3.0

0.58 0.66 0.66 0.38


4)

0.43
4)

1.17 1.58 1.33 1.75 2.00

1.33 1.80 1.50 1.96 2.25

1.50 2.10 1.75 2.25 2.50

SL = bearing type shear connection SLP = bearing type shear connection for body-fit bolts
1) 2)

GV = friction-type connection GVP = friction-type connection for body-fit bolts

The bolts and the bearing clearance shall be assigned in accordance with Table 7 of DIN 18800, Part 1 For edge stresses due to two-axial bending (local stress raisers) values increased by 10 % are permitted (compare DIN 18800 Part 1) For stainless steels the full utilization of stresses is not permitted If locally restricted, values increased by 10 % are permitted Allowable stresses (referred to reference offset yield stress Rv0.2 to Table 5-1) for parts (in addition to Table 7 of DIN 18800, Part 1) Type of weld Weld quality Type of stress Allowable stress referred to Rv0.2 of base metal St 37/H II HS1 1 Butt welds, Double-bevel butt weld Single-bevel butt weld, Double-bevel butt weld Single-bevel butt weld with root face, Three-plate welds Fillet welds Three-plate welds All welds Single-bevel butt welds with root face, fillet welds See clause 8.8.2.2. All weld qualities All qualities verified weld 1) quality weld quality not verified pressure and bending pressure tension and tension under ceding Shear in direction of weld reference value 0.70 0.84 0.60 0.71 0.60 0.71 pressure, pression bending pressure Tension, tension under bending HS2/ HS3 St 52 HS1 HS2/ HS3 Others HS1 HS2/ HS3

3) 4)

Table 5-2:

Ser.No.

0.85

1.0

0.85

1.0

0.85

1.0

4 5 6 7

1)

Notes: (1) When a considerable reduction of strength is to be expected during welding (e.g. in the case of quenched and tempered or work-hardened steels), this shall be taken into account. (2) The type of welds are shown in Table 6 of DIN 18800, Part 1 (compare also the data in column 1 of Table 11 of DIN 18800, Part 1). (3) Serial nos. 1 to 5 refer to stresses normal to the direction of weld.
Table 5-3:

Allowable stresses (referred to reference offset yield stress Rv0.2 to Table 5-1) for welds at loading levels HS1 and HS2/HS3 for the steels St37, St52 and other steels (supplementary to Table 11 of DIN 18800, Part 1).

KTA 3205.2 Page 11

Bolted joint

SL 4) (SLP) or tension bolt quality

Connection under tension pretensioned to plan 10.9 0.60 (0.71) acc. to part 0.90 (0.90) 10.9 acc. to part -

Anchor bolts under tension 4.6 0.69 M12 M16 M20 M22 M24 M27 M30 M36

allowable shear force in kN GV 25 50 80 95 110 145 175 255


3)

GVP 56 96 146 174 207 258 318 451

3)

Type of loading Shear stress Bearing stress Tension without pretension Tension with pretension

4.6 0.70 (0.88) 1.75 (2.00) 0.69 (0.69)

5.6 0.84 (1.05) 2.10 (2.40) 0.75 (0.75)


1)

8.8 0.53 (0.62) acc. to part 0.79 (0.79)

not applicable

0,88 FV/AS

2)

SL = bearing type shear connection SLP = bearing type shear connection for body-fit bolts FV = initial tightening force
1)

GV = friction-type connection GVP = friction-type connection for body-fit bolts AS bolt tensile stress area (Table 9 and 10 of DIN 18800 Part 1)

Where bolts of quality 5.6 are used in parts made of the steel St 37 the smaller values of the part shall govern. Values exceeding 0.88 Fv/A are permitted if sliding of the friction-type/ friction type body-fit bolt connection is acceptable; the connection then shall be calculated as bearing-type shear/ bearing type shear body-fit bolt connection. Required initial tightening force to Table 9 of DIN 18800, Part 1. For stainless steels the full utilization of stresses is not permitted. The bracketed tabular values apply to bearing-type shear connections for body bolts

2)

3)

4)

Notes: (1) The use of high-strength bolted connections for temperatures > 150 C is permitted upon submission of additional verifications of the load-carrying capacity. (2) The reduction coefficients for determining the elevated proof stress values shall be taken from Table 6 of DIN 267, Part 13. (3) For bolt quality category 10.9 the reduction coefficients of bolt quality category 8.8 up to a temperature 150 C shall be taken; higher values shall not be agreed. (4) For stainless steels clause 5.3(4) applies. (5) For loading level HS1 the following applies for a) pretensioning not to plan: 1.3 times the values of load case H b) pretensioning to plan: 1.0 times the values of load case HZ
Table 5-4:

Allowable bolt loads (referred to the reference offset yield stress value Rv0.2 to Table 5-1) and allowable bolt loads at loading levels HS2/HS3 (for loading level HS1 see Note (5)) Type of stress Pressure Bending pressure Bending tension Contact pressure acc. to Hertz Bearing pressure for hinge-pins (multiple-shear connections) 3.70
1)

Ser.No. 1 2 3 4 5
1)

Allowable stresses referred to Rv0.2 HS1 0.85 HS2/HS3 1.00

4.00 1.33

1.15

For St 52 3.30 (HS1) and 3.60 (HS2/HS3) applies

Note: All O = Tabled factor x Rv0.2(T)


Table 5-5:

Allowable stresses (referred to offset yield stress Rv0.2 to Table 5-1) for support parts and articulated joints

KTA 3205.2 Page 12

St 37, HII

St 52 and other ferritic steels Plate thickness (t) in mm > 40 Z25


1)

20

20 < t 40 Z15 1)

20

20 < t 40 Z25
1)

> 40 Z25
1)

without preheating with preheating to approx. 120 C 20 K


1)

Z25

Z15

Z25

Welding of St 52-3 and other ferritic steels with t > 25 mm shall only be done if preheating to 120 'C is performed. Required Z quality grades for ferritic plates loaded in thickness direction
4)

Table 7-1:

Applicable to

Material

Product form

Requirements to

Type of certificate to DIN 50049 2.2

(1) Steel platforms (2) Piping supports (3) Component support structures (4) Protective and special structures (except for pipe whip restraints) (5) Storage facilities for new fuel elements

RSt 37-2 St 37-3 St 52-3

Profiles 1) Plates Bears Profiles 1) Plates Bars Hollow profiles Pipes

DIN 17100

DIN 17100

2.3 or 3) 3.1 B

RSt 37-2 St 37-3 St 52-3

DIN 17119 DIN 17120 DIN 17121 DIN 1626 DIN 1629 DIN 18808 DIN 17155 VdTV-WB 427/1

H II, 15 Mo3 15 MnNi 6 3 15 Mo3 C22.8 (W) StE 255 285 315 355

Plates

1)

Bars Forgings Plates Bars Forgings

DIN 17243 DIN 17102 DIN 17103

X 6 CrNiTi 18 10 X 6 CrNiNb 18 10 X 6 CrNiMoTi 17 12 2 (6) Anchor plates RSt 37-2 St 37-3 St 52-3 X 20 Cr 13 Plates
1)

DIN 17440

DIN 17100

to (5)

Bars 2) Profiles Forgings Bars Seainless pipes Bars Plates

DIN 17440

to (4)

42 CrMo 4 St 35.8 X 5 CrNi 18 10

DIN 17200 DIN 17175 DIN 17440

1)

For plates made from ferritic steels, loaded in thickness direction, for t > 20 mm quality grade Z to Table 7-1 with acceptance test certificate B (Certificate DIN 50049-3.1 B) or with works certificate (certificate DIN 50049-2.3) is required (except for St 37 with preheating at t 40 mm). Quality grade Z also for profiles For the steel 15 MnNi 6 3 acceptance test certificate B (certificate DIN 50049 - 3.1 B) is required. For pipe whip restraints Annex D of KTA 3205.1 applies. Requirements for materials and type of material test certificate to DIN 50049

2) 3) 4)

Table 7-2:

KTA 3205.2 Page 13

Appendix A Regulations referred to in this standard

(Referred standards only apply in the version indicated in this Appendix)

Atomic Energy Act

Act on the Peaceful use of Atomic Energy and the Protection against its Hazards (Atomic Energy Act) as promulgated on 15 July 1985 (BGBl. I, p. 1965), amended by the laws dated 18 February 1986 (BGBl. I p. 265), 9 October 1985 (BGBl. I, p. 1830) and 14 March 1990 (BGBl. I, p. 478) (06/90) (06/90) (03/84) (12/87) (06/90) (06/82) Design of Nuclear Power Plants against Seismic Events; Part 1: Principles Components of the Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary of Light Water Reactors; Part 1: Materials and product Forms Components of the Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary of Light Water Reactors; Part 2: Design and Analysis Components of the Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary of Light Water Reactors; Part 3: Manufacture Components of the Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary of Light Water Reactors; Part 4: Inservice Inspections and Operational Monitoring Component support structures with Non-Integral Connections; Part 1: Component support structures with Non-Integral Connections for Components of the Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary Component support structures with Non-Integral Connections; Part 3: Series-Produced Standard Supports

KTA 2201.1 KTA 3201.1 KTA 3201.2 KTA 3201.3 KTA 3201.4 KTA 3205.1

KTA 3205.3 KTA 3211.1 KTA 3211.2 KTA 3211.3 KTA 3211.4

(06/89)

(RE 6/90) Pressure and Activity Retaining Components of Systems outside the Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary; Part 1: Materials (RE 6/90) Pressure and Activity Retaining Components of Systems outside the Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary; Part 2: Design and Analysis (06/90) Pressure and Activity Retaining Components of Systems outside the Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary; Part 3: Manufacture

(RE 6/90) Pressure and Activity Retaining Components of Systems outside the Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary; Part 4: Inservice Inspections and Operational Monitoring (06/85) Steel Containment Vessels; Part 2: Analysis and Design

KTA 3401.2 Eurocode No. 3 DIN 267, Part 11 DIN 267, Part 13 DIN ISO 898, Part 1 DIN ISO 898, Part 2 DIN 1626 DIN 1629 DIN 4114, Part 1

(E 1984) Common unified rules for steel constructions (01/80) (03/80) (01/89) (03/81) (10/84) (10/84) Corrosion resistant stainless steel fasteners; Specifications Fasteners; Technical specifications; Parts for bolted connections made from steel for low and high temperature applications Mechanical properties of fasteners; Bolts, screws and studs; Identical with ISO 898-1:1988 Mechanical properties of fasteners; nuts with proof load values Welded circular tubes of non-alloy steels with special quality requirements; technical delivery conditions Seamless circular tubes of non-alloy steels with special quality requirements; technical delivery conditions

(07/52(xx)) Steel construction; stability cases (buckling, overturning, instability), design principles, presciptions (02/53(x)) Steel construction; stability cases (buckling, overturning, instability), design principles, guidelines

DIN 4114, Part 2

DIN 7168, Part 1 DIN 7168, Part 2

(05/81) (07/86)

General tolerances; of linear and angular dimensions General tolerances; form and position

KTA 3205.2 Page 14

DIN 8560 DIN 8563, Part 1 DIN 8563, Part 2 DIN 8563, Part 3 DIN 8570, Part 1 DIN 8570, Part 3 DIN 15018, Part 1 DIN 15018, Part 2 DIN 17100 DIN 17102 DIN 17103 DIN 17119 DIN 17120 DIN 17121 DIN 17155 DIN 17175 DIN 17200 DIN 17243 DIN 17440 DIN 18800, Part 1 DIN 18800, Part 7 DIN 18801 DIN 18808 DIN 18809 DIN 50049 DIN 50976 DIN 55928, Part 1 DIN 55928, Part 2 DIN 55928, Part 3 DIN 55928, Part 4 DIN 55928, Part 5 DIN 55928, Part 6 DIN 55928, Part 7

(05/82) (10/78) (10/78) (10/85) (10/87) (10/87) (11/84) (11/84) (01/80) (10/83) (10/89) (06/84) (06/84) (06/84) (10/83) (05/79) (03/87) (01/87) (07/85) (03/81) (05/83) (09/83) (10/84) (09/87) (08/86) (05/89) (11/76) (10/79) (11/78) (01/77) (03/80) (11/78) (02/80)

Qualification of welders for welding steel Quality assurance of welded structures; fundamentals Quality assurance of welded structures; requirements on firms Quality assurance of welded structures: fusion welded joints in steel (except beam welding); requirements, classification General tolerances for welding constructions; dimensions for lengths and angles General tolerances for welding constructions; form and position Cranes; principles for steel structures, stress analysis Cranes; structures of steel, design principles Steels for general structural purposes; quality standard Weldable fine grain steels, normalized; technical delivery conditions for strip, plate, universal plate, sections and merchant bars Forgings of weldable fine-grained steel; technical delivery condition Cold-finished welded square and rectangular steel pipes (hollw profiles) for steel construction; technical delivery conditions Welded structural steels circular tubes for structural engineering purposes; technical delivery conditions Seamless structural steel circular tubes for structural engineering purposes; technical delivery conditions Plate and strip of steels for elevated temperatures; technical delivery conditions Seamless steel tubes for elevated temperatures; technical terms of delivery Steels for quenching and tempering; technical delivery conditions Forgings and hot rolled or forged bars of weldable steels for elevated temperatures; technical delivery conditions Stainless steels; technical delivery conditions for plates, hot rolled strip, wire rods, drawn wire, bars, forgings and semi-finished products Steel structures; Design and construction Steel structures; construction, certification for welding Steel construction in buildings; dimensioning, design, construction Steel structures consisting of hollow sections predominantly static loaded Steel road- and foot-bridges; dimensioning, design, construction Materials testing certificates Corrosion protection; hot-dip galvanizing of individual parts (parts galvanizing); requirements and tests) Corrosion protection of steel structures by coating and linings; general Corrosion protection of steel structures by coating and linings; design amenable to corrosion protection Corrosion protection of steel structures by coating and linings; planning of corrosionprotection work Corrosion protection of steel structures by coating and linings; preparation and inspection of surface Corrosion protection of steel structures by coating and linings; coating materials and protective systems Corrosion protection of steel structures by coating and linings; performance and supervision of corrosion-protection work Corrosion protection of steel structures by coating and linings; technical rules for control surfaces

KTA 3205.2 Page 15

DIN 55928, Part 8 DIN 55928, Part 9

(03/80) (09/82)

Corrosion protection of steel structures by coating and linings; corrosion protection of thin-walled parts (light gauge steel construction) Corrosion protection of steel structures by coating and linings; binding agents and pigments for coating materials

Stahl-Eisen-Lieferbedingungen 096 (3/88) Flat steel products as well as steel sections and bars with profile sections with improved forming properties vertical to product surface; technical delivery conditions Stahl-Eisen-Werkstoffblatt 086 (4/87) Unalloyed and alloyed heat-resisting ferritic steels; preheating for welding Stahl-Eisen-Werkstoffblatt 088 (04/87) Weldable fine-grained structural steels; guidelines for processing, especially fusion welding AD-Merkblatt HPO AD-Merkblatt HP 2/1 (07/89) (07/89) General principles of design, manufacture and associated tests Procedure qualification testing for joining processes; procedure qualification testing for welded joints

VdTV-Werkstoffblatt 427/1 (03/84) Fine-grain steel 15 MnNi 6 3; Material number 1.6210 DASt-guideline 008 DASt-guideline 012 DASt-guideline 013 DASt-guideline 014 DVS-guideline 1173 DVS-guideline 1174 DVS-guideline 1702 DVS-guideline 1703 (03/73) (10/78) (07/80) (01/81) (01/87) (08/89) (05/81) (10/84) Guideline for the use of limit analysis in steel construction Verification of buckling resistance of plates Verification of buckling resistance of shells Recommendations for avoidance of lamellar tearing in welded structural steel constructions Welding engineer DVS training course Examination rules for the qualification of welding engineers, technicians and experts Procedure qualification in steel constructions for welded joints on high-tensile weldable fine-grain steels: St E 460 and St E 690 Recommendations for the selection of workpiece temperature for the arc welding of steel structures made of St 52. Qualification approval Z-30.44.1 for stainless steels 1 February 1989 of the Institute of Building Technology, Berlin dated

Qualification approval Z-30.44.1