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Nokia Siemens Networks WCDMA RAN, Rel. RU10, System Library, v.

Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

DN7085361 Issue 7-3 en 30/04/2009

# Nokia Siemens Networks

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the use of Nokia Siemens Networks customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is submitted, and no part of it may be used, reproduced, modified or transmitted in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nokia Siemens Networks. The documentation has been prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full responsibility when using it. Nokia Siemens Networks welcomes customer comments as part of the process of continuous development and improvement of the documentation. The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity, or performance of the mentioned hardware or software products are given as is and all liability arising in connection with such hardware or software products shall be defined conclusively and finally in a separate agreement between Nokia Siemens Networks and the customer. However, Nokia Siemens Networks has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia Siemens Networks will, if deemed necessary by Nokia Siemens Networks, explain issues which may not be covered by the document. Nokia Siemens Networks will correct errors in this documentation as soon as possible. IN NO EVENT WILL NOKIA SIEMENS NETWORKS BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTATION OR FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL OR ANY LOSSES, SUCH AS BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF PROFIT, REVENUE, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OR DATA, THAT MAY ARISE FROM THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR THE INFORMATION IN IT. This documentation and the product it describes are considered protected by copyrights and other intellectual property rights according to the applicable laws. The wave logo is a trademark of Nokia Siemens Networks Oy. Nokia is a registered trademark of Nokia Corporation. Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens AG. Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective owners, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only. Copyright Nokia Siemens Networks 2009. All rights reserved.

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Contents

Contents
Contents 3 Summary of changes 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 RF Module and Remote Radio Head operation and main blocks 7 RF Module and Remote Radio Head power requirements 19 RF Module and Remote Radio Head dimensions and weights 23 RF Module interfaces 25 Remote Radio Head interfaces 27 RF Module and Remote Radio Head LED indications 31

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

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Summary of changes

Summary of changes

Changes between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains all changes made to previous issues. Changes between issues 7-2 and 7-3 Section RF Module and Remote Radio Head operation and main blocks updated. Section RF Module and Remote Radio Head power requirements updated. Section Remote Radio Head interfaces updated with information on the optional Flexi RRH DC connection box (FPOC). Changes between issues 7-1 and 7-2 Weights of the FRGG updated in section RF Module and Remote Radio Head dimensions and weights. Table Remote Radio Head (FRGG) interfaces in section Remote Radio Head interfaces updated. FRGN-related information removed. Editorial changes made. Changes between issues 7-0 and 7-1 Changes made between issues 6-0 and 6-1 added. Information on 3GPP and AISG 2.0 interfaces added to section RF Module and Remote Radio Head operation and main blocks. Table Power consumption of the Remote Radio Head (FRGG) in section RF Module and Remote Radio Head power requirements updated.

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

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RF Module and Remote Radio Head operation and main blocks

RF Module and Remote Radio Head operation and main blocks


The RF Module and Remote Radio Head (RRH) are stand-alone fully operational transceiver modules with integrated antenna filters. The RF Module is able to support one to three sectors, whereas the RRH supports one sector in a Flexi WCDMA base station. The RF Module and RRH host the RF functionality and provide control and power supply to the Flexi Antenna Line. Radio-related signal processing is performed in the RF Module. The RF Module has integrated fans and Bias-Ts. The RRH does not have any fans. There are three types of RF Modules available:
.

Triple RF Module Dual RF Module Single RF Module

For detailed information on delivery contents, see Contents of the RF Module Delivery in the Installing Flexi WCDMA BTS Modules for Stack, Wall, and Pole Configurations document.

Caution
Incorrect cables and seals may not provide secured weather protection. In outdoor installations, including the outdoor cabinet, use only tested, at least IP55 class outdoor antenna jumper cables provided by Nokia Siemens Networks. This is also recommended for indoor installations.

The following versions of the RF Module and Remote Radio Head are available:

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

Table 1. Version
FRIA FRIB FRGC FRGD FRGJ FRGK FRGL FRGM FRCA FRCB FRDA FRDB FRFA FRFB FRGF

RF Module versions Description


Dual 50 W 1700/2100 Single 50 W 1700/2100 Dual 50 W 2100 Single 50 W 2100 Dual 50 W 2100 Single 50 W 2100 Dual 50 W 2100 Single 50 W 2100 Dual 50 W 850 Single 50 W 850 Dual 50 W 900 Single 50 W 900 Dual 50 W 1900 Single 50 W 1900 Triple 70 W 2100

Table 2. Version
FRGG

RRH versions Description


RRH 70 W 2100

RF Module operation See the following figures for exploded views of the RF Module.

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RF Module and Remote Radio Head operation and main blocks

Back cover

Casing

Fan carrier

Module core

External cable entry Front cover


DN70550467

Figure 1.

Exploded view of the RF Module (Triple)

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

Back cover

Casing

Module core

Fan carrier

Cable support plate

External cable entry Front cover


DN70153211

Figure 2.

Exploded view of the RF Module (Dual)

The RF Module can support one to three sectors with the following integrated components:

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RF Module and Remote Radio Head operation and main blocks

Transceivers with TX for two carriers (three transceivers in the Triple RF Module, two in the Dual and one in the Single RF Module) Transceivers with RX for two carriers with diversity (the carriers must be adjacent) (three transceivers in the Triple RF Module, two in the Dual and one in the Single RF Module) Linear power amplifiers (three in the Triple RF Module, two in the Dual and one in the Single RF Module) RF filters with main and div branch (three in the Triple RF Module, two in the Dual and one in the Single RF Module) 48 V DC input power supply Masthead amplifier and 3GPP Antenna tilt power feed and control for up to three sectors Interface to the System Module Interface for chaining System Modules (Triple RF Module only) Integrated fan assembly (two fans) Full operational bandwidth support Antenna connector interfaces Prepared for AISG2.0

The Triple RF Module has three independent transceivers each composed of one transmitter chain and two independent uplink chains to implement uplink diversity. The unit integrates an antenna filter unit that contains three filter blocks, each composed of one duplex filter (main antenna) and RX filter (diversity antenna), providing six antenna connectors for the BTS antenna line. The transceivers can be configured independently to dual or single carrier modes. The Dual RF Module has four dual carrier receivers that facilitate two dual carrier receivers with 2-way uplink diversity and it can therefore support multiple configurations. The Single RF Module is a half capacity version of the Dual RF Module. It has one TX/RX output that supports a maximum of two TX carriers (two carriers per TX chain). There is one RX output connector as well. The RF Module uses nominal 48 V DC for internal power supply. The FRGD can also use nominal 100/240 V AC (optional unit), which increases the power consumption by approximately 10 %.

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

The main and diversity branches include Bias-Ts with lightning strike protectors (Single and Dual RF Module). The main branch (Tx/Rx) Bias-T is used for Flexi Antenna Line and MHA support. It supports Current Window Alarm (CWA) mode, and 3GPP and AISG 2.0 interfaces (the FRGJ and FRGK also support the proprietary AISG 1.1 interface for NBxx replacements). The diversity (Div Rx) branch Bias-T is only used for MHA support in Current Window Alarm (CWA) mode. The main branch also includes an Antenna Line VSWR Monitor (power meter for forward and reflected voltage ratio measuring). The operating voltages fed via main antenna line are 0 V DC/+12 V DC/+28.5 V DC and via diversity antenna line 0 V DC/+12 V DC. The VSWR monitoring system is used for producing alarms for the antenna line condition against alarm threshold (RRH, Single, Dual and Triple RF Module). As a default setting, the minor alarm will be generated when the VSWR is 1.9 and major alarm (cell down) will be generated when the VSWR is 2.6. However, it is possible to adjust both minor and major alarm threshold between 1.5-3.5. The antenna line does not provide any alarms without a valid licence (Line Supervision RAN907LK). AISG1.1 RET Antenna Line Device configuration is supported with the FRGG, FRGF, FRGJ, and FRGK. Remote Radio Head operation See the following figure for an isometric view of the Remote Radio Head (FRGG).

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RF Module and Remote Radio Head operation and main blocks

DN70544485

Figure 3.

Isometric view of the Remote Radio Head (solar shield included)

The Remote Radio Head hosts the RF functionality and provides control and power supply to Flexi Antenna Line. The Remote Radio Head has the following properties:
.

DC power supply for 48 VDC Integrated Over Voltage Protection (OVP) External alarms

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

The functionality of the RRH is similar to the functionality of the Single RF Module with the exception that the RRH does not have any fans. The RRH supports the VSWR monitoring system and is AISG2.0 compatible. The RRH has one TX output that supports a maximum of two TX carriers (two carriers per TX chain). See the numbers of RF connectors and carriers in the following table.

Table 3.

Remote Radio Head RF connectors and number of carriers FRGG

# TX/RX connectors # RX connectors # carriers

1 1 2 (3 HW prepared)

Functional blocks The RF Module and RRH include the following functional blocks:
.

RF control block: There are interfaces from the RF control block towards the System Module through optical connection. Most unit internal connections are made from the RF control block. Signal processing and unit control functionalities are located in this block. TX block: Analogue RF parts are located in the TX block. PA block: The power amplifier block amplifies TX block output signal to a specified output power level. RX block: In dual version, the RX block includes four 2-carrier receivers and in Single RF Module two 2-carrier receivers. Antenna filter block: Antenna filtering for TX and RX signals is done in the Antenna filter block.

In the Single version, there is only one TX block, PA block and Antenna filter block. In the RX block, only half of the blocks components are installed. RF Module versions FRGJ and FRGK support 2100 MHz band with high gain MHA. The FRGJ and FRGK can be used with NBxx replacements having 24 dB TMA installation, thus existing TMAs can be utilised. The FRGJ and FRGK support 2100 MHz band with high gain MHA from 0 dB to 33 dB.

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RF Module and Remote Radio Head operation and main blocks

See the following figures for the functional blocks of the RF Module.

RF Module

Duplex filter + Diversity RX

TX RF RX Main

PA
LNA LNA

TX filter RX filter RX filter

Bias-T

VSWR Det

Bias-T

RX Diversity RF loop
LNA

Bias-T

Optical IF Optical IF RF RF control control

RX Diversity
LNA

RX filter RX filter TX filter


Bias-T VSWR Det Bias-T

RX Main TX RF PA
LNA

RX Diversity
LNA

RX filter RX filter TX filter


Bias-T VSWR Det

RX Main TX RF PA

DC IN

PSU

DN70541558

Figure 4.

Functional blocks of the Triple RF Module

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

RF Module

Duplex filter + Diversity RX

TX RF RX Main

PA
LNA LNA

TX filter RX filter RX filter

Bias-T

VSWR Det

Bias-T

RX Diversity Optical IF RF control RF loop RX Diversity


LNA LNA

Bias-T

RX filter RX filter TX filter


Bias-T VSWR Det

RX Main TX RF DC IN PSU PA

DN7092818

Figure 5.

Functional blocks of the Dual RF Module (FRIA, FRGJ, FRCA, FRDA, FRFA)

Tip
The FRGC/L have fixed LNA gain.

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RF Module and Remote Radio Head operation and main blocks

RF Module

Duplex filter + Diversity RX

TX RF RX Main

PA
LNA

TX filter RX filter LNA RX filter

Bias-T

VSWR Det

Bias-T

RX Diversity Optical IF RF control RF loop

DC IN

PSU

DN7095999

Figure 6.

Functional blocks of the Single RF Module (FRIB, FRGK, FRCB, FRDB, FRFB)

Tip
The FRGD/M have fixed LNA gain.

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

Control

Power offset

RRHS board
TX LO TX-path
RRC / Digital Up-Conversion Digital Predistortion

RRHFILT

TX-Power supervision

Baseband Clipping

PDRX

RF-Upconversation

Main RX-path
LPA

A/D
RX Att

VSWR

RET/TMA support

AM/CO/MUCO
RF-Upconversation

Div. RX-path
Receive Filter

A/D
RX Att

AM/CO/MUCO

RX LO

DN70548957

Figure 7.

Functional blocks of the Remote Radio Head (FRGG)

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ANT1 (RXDIV)

LPA

ANT0 (TX & RX)

OBSAJ Interface #0

Transmit Filter

LPA

D/A
RF-Upconversation

Triplexer

MUX / DEMUX
OBSAJ Interface #1

Digital Down-Conversation

Receive Filter

Automatic Gain Control / RTWP Automatic Gain Control / RTWP

RX-path failure detection RX-path failure detection

Digital Down-Conversation

RF Module and Remote Radio Head power requirements

RF Module and Remote Radio Head power requirements


Input voltages and power consumption of the RF Module The input voltages and power consumption of the RF Module are described in the tables below. The fuse needed for the RF Module is in the System Module. See Flexi WCDMA BTS System Module Description for more information.

Table 4. Property
Nominal supply voltage Input voltage range
1)

Input voltages of the RF Module and Remote Radio Head RF Module


48 V DC 40.5 - 57 V DC

RRH
48 V DC 36 - 57 V DC
1)

The minimum start-up voltage is 40.5 V.

There is an optional external AC/DC converter available for the Single RF Module.

Table 5.

Power consumption of the RF Module Dual RF Module Single RF Module

Typical average Triple RF Module RF Module power consumption at


100 % RF load in 8 W mode 10 % RF load in 20 W mode 50 % RF load in 20 W mode 330 W 275 W 355 W

259 W 208 W 263 W

150 W 123 W 152 W

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

Table 5.

Power consumption of the RF Module (cont.) Dual RF Module Single RF Module

Typical average Triple RF Module RF Module power consumption at


100 % RF load in 20 W mode 10 % RF load in 30 W mode 50 % RF load in 30 W mode 100 % RF load in 30 W mode 10 % RF load in 40 W mode 50 % RF load in 40 W mode 100 % RF load in 40 W mode 10 % RF load in 60 W mode 50 % RF load in 60 W mode 100 % RF load in 60 W mode Maximum power consumption (single/dual in 40W mode and triple in 60W mode) including extreme temperatures and power feeding to MHAs and tilting antennas via integraded BiasTs. 435 W 350 W 485 W 620 W 365 W 540 W 700 W 385 W 620 W 840 W 1120 W

327 W N/A N/A N/A 264 W 364 W 471 W N/A N/A N/A 630 W

183 W N/A N/A N/A 151 W 200 W 255 W N/A N/A N/A 350 W

Maximum power consumption values consist of power feed to MHA + antenna tilt (1x30 W with the Single RF Module, 2x30 W with the Dual and 3x30 W with the Triple RF Module). Up to 50 W/100 W/150 W (Single/ Dual/Triple) higher power consumption can exist in extreme conditions and in BTS output power overdrive situations. In possible short-circuit cases (for instance, antenna line) power consumption can momentarily be higher.

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RF Module and Remote Radio Head power requirements

Note
The values are given for the 2.1 GHz radio frequency (RF) module. For other RF module variants, power consumption can increase by a maximum of 10 %.

In case the Single RF Module uses an optional AC power supply (FPAB), the power consumption is 10% higher compared to the values in the table above. Power consumption of the Remote Radio Head The table below lists the power consumption of the Remote Radio Head. The values in the above table do not include the power consumption of the heater which is 80W in cold temperatures below 0C (32F). In case the Remote Radio Head uses an optional AC power supply, the power consumption is 10% higher compared to the values in the table above.

Table 6. RF load
100% 50% 10% Worst case

Power consumption of the Remote Radio Head (FRGG) 60W mode


265 W 205 W 120 W 310 W

Note that these values are applicable under normal operating conditions, in 1 carrier mode and in middle frequency.

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RF Module and Remote Radio Head dimensions and weights

3
Property
Height

RF Module and Remote Radio Head dimensions and weights


The tables below list the dimensions and weights of the RF Module and the Remote Radio Head.

Table 7.

Dimensions and weight of the RF Module Dual RF Module


133 mm/3U (5.2 in.) 447 mm (17.6 in.) 560 mm (22 in.)

Triple RF Module
133 mm/3U (5.2 in.)

Single RF Module
133 mm/3U (5.2 in.) 447 mm (17.6 in.) 560 mm (22 in.) With steel casing: 20.1 kg (44.3 lb) With aluminium casing: 18.7 kg (41.2 lb)

Width

447 mm (17.6 in.)

Depth

560 mm (22 in.)

Weight (including the core, fans and casing)

With aluminium casing: 25 With steel casing: 23.2 kg kg (51.1 lb) (55.1 lb) With aluminium casing: 21.8 kg (48.1 lb)

Warning
The module is heavy. Take care when lifting the module.

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

Table 8. Property
Height

Dimensions and weight of the Remote Radio Head (FRGG) Value


450 mm (17.7 in.)

Width

260 mm (10.2 in.)

Depth

159 mm (6.3 in.)

Weight

15.9 kg (35.1 lb)

Note that the dimensions stated in the above table are main body dimensions.

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RF Module interfaces

RF Module interfaces
Front panel connectors The connectors on the front panel of the RF Module, their types and purposes are listed in the table below.

Table 9. Connector

RF Module front panel connectors, connector types and purposes Connector type
2-pin multibeam XL connector Screw terminal 2 x tri-colour LED 7/16 type, female 7/16 type, female

Purpose
Power delivery Grounding Operational state and fan status indication RF signal interface to antenna(s) RF signal interface to antenna(s) RF signal interface to antenna(s) RF signal interface to antenna(s) RF signal interface to antenna(s) RF signal interface to antenna(s) Control interface to the System Module Chaining interface

Power supply Grounding Operational state visual indication Antenna connector 1 Antenna connector 2

Antenna connector 3 (Dual 7/16 type, female and Triple RF Module only) Antenna connector 4 (Dual 7/16 type, female and Triple RF Module only) Antenna connector 5 (Triple RF Module only) Antenna connector 6 (Triple RF Module only) Optical interface Optical interface (Triple RF Module only) 7/16 type, female 7/16 type, female Duplex LC connector Duplex LC connector

See also section Lightning surge requirements in the Flexi WCDMA BTS Installation Site Requirements document.

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

The RF Module (Triple) front panel is illustrated in the following figure.


Power supply Ant 6 Ant 5 Ant 4 Ant 3 Ant 2 Ant 1

Grounding point

LEDs (behind the handle)

Optical interface 1

Optical interface 2

DN70549383

Figure 8.

Front panel of the Triple RF Module

The RF Module (Dual) front panel is illustrated in the following figure.


Ant 4 Ant 3 Ant 2 Ant 1

Grounding point LEDs

Optical interface Grounding point Power supply


DN7082485

Figure 9.

Front panel of the Dual RF Module

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Remote Radio Head interfaces

Remote Radio Head interfaces


See the following table for Remote Radio Head interfaces.

Table 10. Connector

Remote Radio Head (FRGG) interfaces Connector type


ITT Cannon 2 pin + RRH DC connection box M8, 2 x M5 2 x LED

Purpose
Power delivery Grounding Operational state indication (Status: 3-colour LED, RF on: 2-colour LED) RF signal interface to antenna(s) RF signal interface to antenna(s)

Power supply Grounding Operational state visual indication Antenna connector 1 Antenna connector 2 Optical interface

7/16 type, female 7/16 type, female

Multi-mode (200 m) or Control interface to the single mode fibre (up to 15 System Module km) OBSAI optical interface Amphenol C 091 D series (14 pin) Amphenol C 091 D series (8 pin) RJ-45 (LAN) External alarm Remote electrical tilt Local maintenance

EAC connector RET LMT

The minimum length for the FRGG DC power supply cable is 2 m. The Remote Radio Head (FRGG) bottom view is illustrated in the following figure.

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

DC 48V

External alarms RET

Status indication

LMT

Reset Test

Opt interfaces

Antenna port TX/RX

Ground 2 x M5 RF on indication

Ground M8

Antenna port RX div

DN70543856

Figure 10.

Bottom view of the Remote Radio Head (FRGG)

DC power can also be fed to the FRGG using an optional Flexi RRH DC connection box (FPOC).

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Remote Radio Head interfaces

Figure 11.

Flexi RRH DC connection box

See the following table for allowed cable dimensions.

Table 11.
Diameter for copper at clamp Outer diameter of complete cable

FPOC cable dimensions


1.5 mm2 to 16 mm2 15 mm2 to 25 mm2

See also section Lightning surge requirements in the Flexi WCDMA BTS Installation Site Requirements document.

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RF Module and Remote Radio Head LED indications

RF Module and Remote Radio Head LED indications


The RF Module and Remote Radio Head have two LEDs on the front panel to indicate the operational status of the module and all fault conditions during operation. Read the information on LED indications thoroughly. A blinking red LED does not always require removing the module. RF Module LED indications The RF Module LEDs are as follows:
.

one for the RF core functional block one for the fans in the RF Module

The LED indications of the RF Module are listed and explained in the tables below.

Table 12. Colour


Red Red, blinking Yellow

RF Module core LED indications Explanation


Module self test or reset (LED red for < 5 second) or major alarm Minor alarm Module on and waiting or blocked SW download or configuration ongoing, module non-operational Module operational (cell can be locked in RNC) Module is loading software or parameters or local maintenance access when modules are operational

Yellow, blinking Green Green, blinking

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Flexi WCDMA BTS RF Module and Remote Radio Head Description

In addition, the RF Module fan LED has an RF power ON/OFF display:

Table 13. LED mode


Blinking

RF Module fan LED indications Explanation


RF power off RF power on Fan is operational Fan is faulty

Lit continuously Green Red

Remote Radio Head LED indications The Remote Radio Head (FRGG) LEDs are as follows:
.

one for indicating RF "on" one for indicating RRH status

The LED indications of the Remote Radio Head are listed and explained in the tables below.

Table 14. LED mode


Blinking Lit continuously

Remote Radio Head (FRGG) LED indications Explanation


RF power off RF power on

Table 15. LED mode


Red Red, blinking Yellow

Remote Radio Head (FRGG) LED indications Explanation


Module self test or reset (LED red for < 5 second) or major alarm Minor alarm Module on and waiting or blocked SW download or configuration ongoing, module non-operational Module operational, OBSAI interface is synchronised

Yellow, blinking Green

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RF Module and Remote Radio Head LED indications

Table 15. LED mode

Remote Radio Head (FRGG) LED indications (cont.) Explanation


Module is loading software or parameters

Green, blinking

The RRHs do not have fans, therefore, there are no fan LEDs.

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