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AGRICULTURAL MONITORING IRRIGATION SYSTEM FOR RURAL FARMERS USING SENSORS

AIM:
The main aim of this project is to monitor and maintain the agricultural field regularly and automatically using some irrigation based sensors and microcontroller unit with automatic field status information to farmers mobile via mobile communication.

ABSTRACT:
Indian economy is mainly based on agriculture. The most important parameter for the agriculture is timely and sufficient supply of water. Most of the farmers are dependent on electric water pumps for irrigation which demands electricity. The frequent, intermittent, low voltage supply of power to the agriculture sector has caused problems to the farmers who are spending their time monitoring the supply of power without which their work cannot start. The highly unreliable power supply with frequent power cuts have not only lowered the efficiency of farmers but also have led to the frustration of the farmer to give up agriculture and move to urban areas for better prospects in the globali ed world. This paper proposes a system which shows, how mobile technology can benefit millions of farmers in rural India by providing a solution for the irrigation problems caused by intermittent electrical power supply.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
In this project we are going to use a electricity phase detector to detect the availability of three phase to the agricultural field for running of electric motor to pump water to the fields. The output of the phase detector is given to the microcontroller unit through a rectifier. Moisture sensor is used to sense the humidity level in the agricultural ground and water level sensor is to monitor the level of water in the field. These outputs are given to the microcontroller.

!nce the phase is available, the microcontroller unit checks the moisture status and the water level. If the moisture in the ground is good, no action will be performed then. In case of dry condition, the microcontroller activates the relay unit to open to solenoid valve for water flow to the fields. "hen the water level reaches a predetermined level, automatically the valve will be closed. These information will be sent to the farmers mobile in the form of message using #$M modem.

TECHNOLOGY:
The %mbedded Technology is now in its prime and the wealth of knowledge available is mind&blowing. %mbedded technology plays a major role in integrating the various functions associated with it. This needs to tie up the various sources of the 'epartment in a closed loop system. This proposal greatly reduces the manpower saves time and operates efficiently without human interference. This project puts forth the first step in achieving the desired target. "ith the advent in technology, the e(isting systems are developed to have in built intelligence.

BLOCK DIAGRAM: AGRICULTURAL FIELD:


P N
PHASE DETECT OR AC-DC RECTIFIE R MOISTUR E SENSOR WATER LEVEL SENSOR POWE R SUPPL Y UART RS232 LCD DISPLAY RELA Y UNIT SOLENOI D VALVE GSM MODEM

MICRO CONTROLLE R UNIT

FIELD STATUS INFORMATION TO FARMERS MOBILE:


$M$ )*!M #$M M!'%M

HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS:
Microcontroller +nit ,ower $upply +nit ,hase 'etector -.&'. *ectifier Moisture $ensor "ater /evel $ensor /.' 'isplay #$M Modem *elay +nit $olenoid 0alve +-*T or *$&121

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS:
%mbedded . ,rogramming 3%I/ .ross .ompiler.