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Chapter 13

This chapter talks about protecting ourselves against infectious and noninfectious diseases. I learned that we live with pathogens everyday which are disease causing agents and we constantly have high stakes battle with them. Also, I learned that the routes of disease transmission are contact, food or waterborne, airborne, vectorborne, and perinatal. Those are the risk factors we can control. The risk factors we typically cannot control are heredity, aging, environmental conditions, and organism virulence and resistance. Vaccines are important because they can protect an individual from certain infectious diseases, and they are also important in controlling the prevalence of disease in society at large. The five major types of pathogens are bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoan, and parasitic worm. 65 million people are currently living with an incurable STI. Examples of sexual transmitted infections are chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, genital warts, and human papillomavirus. HIV is transmitted through exchange of bodily fluids, injecting drugs, blood transfusion, and mother to child transmission. 95% of people with HIV worldwide live in developing nations. Some noninfectious conditions are chronic lung diseases, asthma, headaches, chronic fatigue syndrome, low back pain, and repetitive motion disorders. I have exercised induced asthma and it kind of sucks because I wheeze and experience short of breath when running and during vigorous exercise activities.

Chapter 15
This chapter is about promoting environmental health. Every year the global population grows by 90 million, but Earths resources are not expanding. Population increases are believed to be responsible for most of the current environmental stress. 97% of global growth in the next four decades will happen in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean. I learned that the components of air pollution are sulfur dioxide, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ground-level ozone, and other air pollutants. Some indoor air pollution are environmental tobacco smoke, home heating, asbestos, formaldehyde, radon, and lead. Also, we can prevent global warming by reducing our use of fossil fuels, using highefficiency vehicles, and supporting increased of renewable resources such as solar, wind, and water power. 99% of the worlds water is unavailable for humans use. The greatest potential harms are gasoline and petroleum products, chemical contaminants, polychlorinated biphenyls, dioxins, pesticides, and lead. Ways we could reduce municipal solid waste are source reduction, recycling in which I do , composting, and combustion with energy recovery. I have a problem with noise pollution because I am one of the people who plays their music very loud in the max at the car and in the headphones. However, I will start making changes because prolonged exposure to loud noise can lead to hearing loss. The risks depend on both the decibel level and the length of exposure.

Chapter 17
This chapter is about understanding complementary and alternative medicine. I was not even aware that I practiced complementary medicine therapies such as deep breathing, natural products, and yoga. Some alternative medical systems are the Traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, and Naturopathy. Many people are using alternative medicine for multiple reasons, and many treatments can benefit a variety of physical and mental ailments. On the other hand the manipulative and bodybased practices include methods based on manipulation or movement of the body. The most popular ones are chiropractic medicine and massage therapy. I actually never experienced being treated by a chiropractor but I would like to do it one day. Types of massage therapy that I have experienced are sports massage when I dislocated my elbow 2 years ago because of wrestling and the shiatsu massage from the Chinese people in the mall. One bodywork that is used in acting is called the Alexander Technique which is a movement education method designed to release harmful tension in the body to improve ease of movement, balance, and coordination. I also have done Pilates in the gym. To be honest before I thought it was going to be so easy because its all women taking the class and I thought it was going to be a piece of cake. I was surprised that the class was very challenging for me as I worked out my core and my abdominal and leg muscles. I also learned that green tea can lower cholesterol and risk of cancer, protecting skin from sun damage, bolstering mental alertness, and boosting hearth health. It is a great thing that my parents and I drink green tea often.

Chapter 13 A
This video is about mammograms controversies. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death under the age of 50. Many health professionals say that mammograms can cause health hazards because of the radiation. Mammography is the only proven tool to save lives. I still think women should use mammograms starting at the age of 40 at least you will know whether you have breast cancer as soon as possible.

Chapter 13 B
This video is about tanning beds. Some cities even have more tanning salon than Starbucks and Mcdonalds. People think that they are not in risk when they are tanning for a short period of time rather than spending a long period of time outside the sun. Amanda was diagnosed with melanoma at the age of 19 which is a skin cancer. No one should indoor tan and if you want to get real Vitamin D, just go out and get real sun outside.

Chapter 13 C
This video is about the attack of the superbugs. The CDC says that MRSA kills 19,000 people a year. MRSA stands for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. I actually had MRSA two years ago when I wrestled back in high school. I had an open cut and I think one of the guys I wrestled with had the infection or the wrestling mat was

dirty. It can be treated with antibiotics but the doctors say take them only when you need them. In addition, wash your hands for a good 30 seconds.

Chapter 14
This video is about how seniors say no to retirement. Every weekday morning you can find Jim Phillips in the pit and retirement is not in his vocabulary. He is 78 years old and still working at the New York Board of Trade. An AARP survey of 38 to 52 year olds that 79% intend to work past the age 65. That is pretty crazy because I think they should just relax and let their children do all the work and take care of them. Some people like to work and some people have to work because of their financial status and health benefits.

Chapter 14 B
This video is about the Vitality Project. Buettners goal in the vitality project is to add at least two years in each person. Walking a half hour a day lowers the heart disease for about 40% in women. The vitality project actually wants you to De convenience your life. Secrets to live longer are to use smaller 10 inch plates, move junk food away from eye level, and drink one or two wine glasses a day. Lastly, researchers say that losing the TV in the bedroom brings body mass index down and grade point averages up.

Chapter 15
This video is about the power of two. It is about two simple things that we can do that make a difference between ourselves to our finances, health, and environment. This video encourages us to eat less beef and to leave them alone. According to the United Nations, 18% of greenhouse gases come from sending beef and dairy products to our kitchen table. If we all reduce our meet consumption to 20%, it would be like switching regular cars to hybrids.

Chapter 15 B
This video is about drugs in our water. Lake Mead supplies drinking water for Nevada, Arizona, and California and found trace levels of steroids, birth controls, narcotics, and more. A glass of water from Philadelphia shows that you are drinking tiny amounts of at least 56 pharmaceuticals and they dont test the wa ter for drugs at all. That to me is dangerous and scary. The water we drink is suppose to be safe and clean not contaminated. It is a good thing that there is a reverse osmosis and it is proven to work.

Chapter 15 C
This video is about recycling. I was not ever that most plastics come from petroleum products. The common message for recycling is: reduce, reuse, and recycle. Out of 50 billion single beverage bottles used this year, 40 billion of them will end up in landfills or worse. Number 1 which is PET. Its the most common and easiest to

recycle. Number 2 is high density PET. 60% of it is only being recycled. Number 3 which is polyvinyl chloride which is bad when its made and creates dioxins. I feel great about recycling because not only I make extra money but I also make a difference in the environment.

Chapter 17 A
This video is about understanding over the counter painkillers. Acetaminophen has the longest track record of safety if taken as directed. Brand names for it are Tylenol, generic brands and is the safest pain killer out there. However, the downsides are it may damage our liver and may damage hearing loss. The second one is Ibuprofen which is Motrin, Advil, and Aleve. The downsides are they can irritate your stomach and reduce kidney blood flow. While these two types of drugs is the best over the counter medication, there are a few negatives so be careful on how moderate you take it.

Chapter 17 B
This video is about what healthcare means to us. Some health care reforms this year children on family plan until 26, covers kids with pre-existing conditions, and insurance must cover preventive care. For seniors, the health care reforms helps pay for their prescription drugs and no drop from coverage if they get sick. The wealthiest people in America are going to pay for more taxes and employers are going to pay higher taxes called the Cadillac plans. There are also going to be penalties for corporates than have more than 50 employees that do not offer health insurance.

Chapter 17 C
This video is about Hollistic Health. It talks about how there is a new path to healing and if alternative medicine works. Acupuncture are supported by many insurance companies. Its been very well proven in many areas of relief in any particular. Yoga and meditation decrease stress hormones, cortisol, and epinephrine. Yoga is actually a great exercise because you open up your lungs and breathe in and out. Massage in touch alone is very helpful because it helps with sleep, relaxes muscles, and decrease stress hormones.