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Smartphones: A Modern Problem Approach: Weakening Commitment on smartphone usage (problem effect- solution) INTRODUCTION I. II. III.

. Attention Catcher: How many times you feel that vibration on your thigh and you reach to your pocket to grab your phone, and then find there are no texts or calls at all? Listener Relevance: Like most of you who are already aware of this problem, phantom vibration syndrome exists. Speaker Credibility: My name is Anthony Hao. Although I have owned a smartphone only for four months, and I can clearly feel my behavioral changes from using a Samsung flip phone to an iphone 5S [ethos]: I have used it extensively for social networking and tried to use it whenever I could. Thesis: As modern technology is advancing in an unprecedented speed, people begin to develop smartphone addictions and related mental illness, and these can be proved by various studies. [claim] Preview of speech: Today I will show you to what extent smartphones are evading our lives, the effect it has, and what actions we can take to reduce the anxiety caused by nomophobia, the word coined for the fear of losing your phone.

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Transition: What, exactly, is phantom vibration syndrome? BODY I. First Main Point: Phantom vibration syndrome and nomophobia A. Professor of psychology at the University of Sydney: it may actually not be phantom after all, but could be the sensation interpreted by the nerves on the skin caused by a very small discharge of electricity given off by the phone when it connects to a new tower. [ big name] This effect is apparently known as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. Just like the sound of audible pipping if a phone is placed next to a speaker [logo]. After talking to my friends I found out that they sometimes heard the phantom vibration or felt the vibration from the table that had their smartphones [ethos]. B. Nomophobia: the fear of being out of mobile phone contact. The "I-musthave-my-phone-with-me-at-all-times" mindset has become such a real problem [karios]. According to research from Versapak, 41 percent of Britons feel anxious and not in control when detached from their smartphone or tablet and 51% admitted to suffering from "extreme tech anxiety" at one time or another [logos]. According to another poll by SecurEnvoy, 70 percent of women in the U.S. have phone separation anxiety, as opposed to 61 percent of men [logos]. C. We are constantly distracted only because we want to know whats going on around us, no matter how useful that information is. Just like a person who

used to eat a whole pizza at every meal, when he suddenly finds there is no food for lunch, some huge problems might arise [kairos]. Transition: What can these symptoms of addiction do to us? II. Second Main Point: Social effect of smartphone addiction A. Study shows nearly three-quarters (72%) of respondents report being within five feet of their smartphones the majority of the time. In other words, we become slaves of smartphones [karios]. B. Places their devices being used include: in a movie theater 35%, during a dinner date 33%, at a childs or school function 32%, in church or a place of worship 19%, while in the shower - 12% [research]. C. When the extensive smartphone usage suddenly stops (run out of the battery power, cannot find it, etc.), the stress and unpleasant feelings it creates are actual mental disorders: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) (2000): social phobia disorder (SPD) is described as an anxiety disorder of chronic evolution. It is characterized by intense anxiety in social situations that involve interpersonal contact, performance or both, which can cause extreme anxiety or acute interference in an individuals daily life [logos].

Transition: How to reduce your reliance on smartphones and get less distracted? III. Third Main Point: Actions A. 56% of American adults are now smartphone owners. Which means another half- 44% dont have smartphones [logos]. B. Eva Restaurant in Los Angeles offers diners a 5% discount for leaving their phones with the receptionist for the entirety of the meal. A deli in Vermont adds $3 to each customer's bill if he or she uses a phone at the counter [logos / pathos]. C. Researchers have reported that children with ADHD seem to focus better after being outdoors. A study published in 2008 found that children with ADHD scored higher on a test of concentration after a walk through a park than after a walk through a residential neighborhood or downtown area [research].Although the research was done in children, it also applies to adult: stay away from your smartphones or change to a call-and-text-only cell phone can greatly improve your level of concentration, therefore make your day more efficient during work or study.

CONCLUSION I. Restatement of Thesis: Although smartphones have already become a significant part of our lives, there are ways we can use them wisely for our own benefit to avoid addiction.

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Summary of Main Points: Now Ive shown you the examples of smartphone addiction, how they affect peoples behaviors, and what options do we have to reduce the anxiety and distractions created by the smartphone usage. Clincher: I hope you can now use your smartphones in a smarter way and use it for your own benefit rather than getting stressed out just because of a tool used for communication.