You are on page 1of 8

AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS

1916 Race St Philadelphia 3. P


Reprinted from Copyrlpted 1964 Supplement to Book of ASTM Standard.. Part 1.
APPROVED AS
AMERICAN STANDARD B36.1l1964
BY STANDARDS
UDC 621.774.2 :669.14
Tentative Specifications for
ELECTRIC-FUSION-WELDED STEEL PIPE FOR HIGH-
TEMPERATURE SERVICE
l
ASTM Designation: A 155 - 63 T
ISSUED, FEBllUAllY 1952; REVISED, JUNE 1952, 1955, 1956, 1962, 1963.
1
These Tentative Specifications have been approved by the sponsoring com-
mittee and accepted by the Society in accordance with established proce-
dures, for use pending adoption as standard. Suggestions for revisions
should be addressed to the Society at 1916 Race St., Philadelphia 3, Pa.
Scope
1. (a) These specifications cover
electric-fusion-welded steel pipe suit-
able for high temperature or high
pressure service, or both. (Although no
restrictions are placed on the sizes of
pipe which may be furnished under
these specifications, commercial practice
is commonly limited to sizes not less
than 16 in. in outside diameter.) Pipe
ordered under these specifications shall
be suitable for bending, flanging (van-
stoning), corrugating, and similar form-
ing operations.
1 Under the standardization procedure of the
Sooiety, these specifications are under the j uris-
diotion of the ASTM Committee A-Ion Steel,
and are the direct responsibility of Subcommittee
IX on Steel Tubina and Pipe.
I Latest revision accepted by the Society at
the Annual Meetina:, June, 1963.
Prior to their present publication .. tenta-
tive, these specifications were publilhed .. ten
tative from 1934 to 1936. They were adopted in
1936 and published al standard from 1986 to
1962, beina: reviled in 1942 and 1961 and reo
viled and reverted to tentative in 1962.
1163
77
(b) Several grades of carbon steel and
alloy steel plates are covered, of different
minimum specified tensile strengths
and of flange or firebox quality; also,
two different classes of welded joint
quality as defined by heat treatment
and radiographic requirements. The
selection of grade and .plate quality of
material and the class of quality of
welded joints shall be at the discretion
of the purchaser, dependent on the
service conditions to be encountered.
(c) Two classes of pipe are covered
as follows, and the class desired shall be
included in the purchase order:
Class I.-All piping to be heat treated
and radiographed.
Class 2.-All alloy steel piping to be
heat treated and carbon steel piping
I in. and over in thickness to be
heat trejloted.
(cI) Optional requirements of a sup-
plementary nature are provided for
pipe where a greater degree of exami
nation is desired. These supplementary
Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Sold to:Shell Global Solutions International B.V. Main, 826042
Not for Resale,03/10/2014 10:04:19 MDT No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
-
-
`
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
,
`
,
`
`
,
`
,
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
-
`
-
`
,
,
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
`
-
-
-
78 SPECIFICATIONS FOR ELECTRiC-FuSION-WELDED PIPE (A 155)
TABLE I.-PLATE SPECIFICATIONS.
Grade
C 45 ....... .
COO ....... .
C 55 ...... ..
KC55 .... ..
KC60 .... ..
KC65 .... ..
KC70 .... ..
CM65 ..... .
CM70 .... ..
CM75 .... ..
..... .
1 CR ...... .
... ..
2XCR ... ..
5CR ...... .
. Material
carbon steel. ............... .
carbon steej ... ............ .
carbon .............. .
killed carbon steel. ......... .
killed carbon steel. ......... .
killed carbon steel. ......... .
killed carbon steel. ......... .
carbon-molybdenum steel .... .
carbon-molybdenum steel. ... .
carbon-molybdenum steel. ... .
per cent chromium, per
cent molybdenum ateel. ....
1 per cent chromium, per
cent molybdenum steel. ....
per cent chromium, per
cent molybdenum steeL ...
per cent chromium, 1 per
cent molybdenum eteel. ....
5 per cent chromium, per
cent molybdenum ........ .
Specification Number. Grade. and Quality"
A 285, erade A (danee or firebox as specified)
A 285, &fade B (danee or firebox as specified)
A 285, &fade C (danee or firebox aa apecified)
A 201, erade A (danee or as specified)
A 201, erade B (danie or firebox as apecified)
A 212, &fade A (danie or firebox aa apecified)
A 212, erade B (danee or firebox as specified)
A 204, &fade A (danee or firebox aa specified)
A 204, &fade B (danie or firebox aa apeoified)
A 204, &fade C (fianie or firebox aa
A 387, &fade A (danee or firebox as specified)
A 387, erade B (danie or firebox as .pecified)
A 387, erade C
A 387, &fade D
A 357
a These deejenationll refer to the followine specificationll of the American Society for Teetine
Materials:
A 285, Low and Intermediate Teneile Streneth Carbon-Steel Plates of Flanee and Firebox Qualities
(Plates 2 in. and Under in Thicknees),'
A 201, Carbon-Silicon Steel Plates of Intermediate Tenme Ranees for Fusion-Welded Boilers and
Other Pre8l!ure Veuele,'
A 212, Hieh Tensile Streneth Carbon-Silicon Steel Plates for Boilers and Other Preasure Veseela,'
A 204, Molybdenum-Steel Plates for Boiler. and Other Preesure Veuela,'
A 357, 5 Per Cent Chromium, 0.5 Per Cent Molybdenum Steel Plate. for Boilers and Other Pr88lure
Vessels,' and
A 387, Chromium-Molybdenum Steel Plates for Boilers and Other Pr88lure Veuela.
requirements call for additional tests
to be made at the expense of the pur-
chaser, and when desired, one or more of
these may be specified in the order.
Process and Manufacture
2. (a) The steel plate material shall
conform to the requirements of one of
the specifications listed in Table I.
(b) The joints be double-welded,
full penetration welds made in accord-
ance with procedures and by welders or
welding operators qualified in accordance
with the ASME Boiler and Pressure
Vessel Code, Section IX.
(c) The welds shall be made either
manually or automatically by an electric
I 1964 Book of ASTM Standards. Part 4.
process involving the deposition of
filler metal.
(d) The joints shall be reinforced at
the center of the weld on each side of
the plate by at least -hi in. but not more
than 1 in. This reinforcement may be
removed at the manufacturer's option
or by agreement between the manu-
facturer and purchaser. The contour of
the reinforcement shall be smooth,
with no valley or groove along the edge
or in the center of the weld, and the
deposited metal shall be fused smoothly
and uniformly into the plate surface.
The finish of the welded joint shall be
reasonably smooth and free from ir-
regularities, grooves, or depressions.
(e) Weld defects shall be repaired by
removal to sound metal and rewelding.
Subsequent heat treatment and in-
85-28
Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Sold to:Shell Global Solutions International B.V. Main, 826042
Not for Resale,03/10/2014 10:04:19 MDT No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
-
-
`
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
,
`
,
`
`
,
`
,
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
-
`
-
`
,
,
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
`
-
-
-
SPECIFICATIONS FOR ELECTRIC-FuSION-WELDED PIPE (A 155) 79
spection shall be as required on the
original welds.
Basis of Purchase
3. Orders for material under this
specification shall include the following,
as required, to describe the desired
material adequately:
(1) Quantity (feet or number of
lengths),
(2) Name of material (electric-
fusion-welded steel pipe),
(3) Grade (Table I),
(4) Class (Section l( c,
(5) Size (outside diameter and
nominal wall thickness),
(6) Length (specific or random),
(7) End finish (Section 18),
(8) Optional requirement (supple-
mentary requirements S1 to S4),
(9) ASTM Designation,
(10) End use of material, and
(11) Special requirements.
Chemical Composition
4. (a) The chemical composition of
the plate shall conform to the require-
ments of the applicable specifications
and grade listed in Table 1.
(b) The alloy content (chromium and
molybdenum) of the deposited weld
metal shall conform to that required for
the plate.
Ladle Analysis
5. An analysis of each heat of steel
shall be made by the plate manu-
facturer to determine the percentages
of the elements prescribed in the ap-
plicable specifications listed in Table I.
This analysis shall be made from a test
ingot taken during the pouring of the
heat. The chemical composition thus
determined shall be reported to the
purchaser or his representative, and
shall conform to the requirements pre-
scribed in the applicable specifications
listed in Table I.
Check Analysis
6. (a) For each heat or lot of 500 ft of
pipe or fraction thereof, analysis shall
be made by the manufacturer from the
finished pipe of the plate and of the
weld deposit. Drillings for analysis may
be taken from the mechanical test
specimens. The results of these analyses
shall be reported to the purchaser or
his representative, and shall conform to
the requirements of Section 4.
(b) If the analysis of one of the tests
specified in Paragraph (a) does not con-
form to the requirements specified in Sec-
tion 4, analyses shall be made on addi-
tional pipes of double the original number
from the same lot, each of which shall
conform to the requirements specified.
Heat Treatment
7. (a) For class 1 welded joint quality,
all welded pipe shall be heat treated.
(b) For class 2 welded joint quality,
all alloy steel welded pipe and all carbon
steel welded pipe, ! in. and over in wall
thickness, shall be heat treated.
(c) Heat treatment for carbon steel
shall consist of heating the welded pipe
to a temperature between 1100 and 1250
F, holding for a period of time not less
than 1 hr per in. in thickness, or !
hr, whichever is greater, and cooling
uniformly.
(d) Heat treatment for alloy steels
shall consist of heating the welded pipe
to a temperature not less than 1100 F,
holding for the necessary time and
cooling at the necessary rate to develop
the required mechanical properties. Un-
less otherwise agreed upon, the exact
details of heat treatment shall be left to
the discretion of the pipe manufacturer.
Tensile Properties
8. (a) The plate used in making the
pipe shall conform to the requirements
as to tensile properties of the applicable
specifications listed in Table I. Tension
16-10
Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Sold to:Shell Global Solutions International B.V. Main, 826042
Not for Resale,03/10/2014 10:04:19 MDT No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
-
-
`
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
,
`
,
`
`
,
`
,
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
-
`
-
`
,
,
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
`
-
-
-
80 SPECifICATIONS lOR ELECTlUo-FUSION-WELDED PIPE (A 155)
r--
6
"mt" 1R d.IIS"mox
1;""--1-'-1 - ..... 11112"


C- .. -.. -.._\...,1.- __ -.-,_
. foel etnd SptCllnln
r--6"""" -;Rot I/S"moa
I II 1
1I/2
m
'-41':
t- - - - .. Of - ,. - - -"I :;t:--t
I 37,1+f
Roof alnd Sptcimln
Pipe wan Thlcir.nul (I). ID.
Up to U. inol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . t
Over..... .................... U
FlO. l.-Tranlvl;rse Face- .. ;,' R,lOt-Bend Test Specimens.
Tapped Hole to Suit
Ttltlno Mochillt
TblckD ... of
SptclmlD
'" In .......
t. .........

B.
In. ID.


4t 2t
Hordentd Rollers, 1112" diom
moy be Substiluted for
Jig Shoulde,.
".

.... ---9 .. ---.....
C.
ID.
D,
ID.
2'"


3t + 8
FIG, 2.-Guided-Bend Teat Jig.
Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Sold to:Shell Global Solutions International B.V. Main, 826042
Not for Resale,03/10/2014 10:04:19 MDT No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
-
-
`
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
,
`
,
`
`
,
`
,
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
-
`
-
`
,
,
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
`
-
-
-
SPECIFICATIONS FOR ELECTRIC-FuSION-WELDED PIPE (A 155) 81
tests made by the plate manufacturer
shall qualify the plate material.
(b) Transverse tension tests taken
across the welded joint shall meet the
same minimum tensile strength require-
ments as the plate.
Transverse Guided Weld Bend Teata
9. (a) Two bend test specimens shall
be taken transversely from the pipe. One
shall be subject to a face guided bend test
and the second to a root guided bend test.
These specimens shall be approximately
Ma<hln, ,h, Minimum Amou,,' _ A
N"d,d to '!"". ""/'til'" ,ll
metal after bending. Cracks which origi.
nate along the edges of the specimen ..
during testing, and that are less than i
in. measured in any direction shall not
be considered.
Test Specimens and Methods of Testing
10. (a) The test specilnens and the
tests required by these specifications
shall conform to those described in the.
Methods and Definitions for Mechan- .
ical Testing of Steel Products (ASTM
Designation: A 370).'
r .. ., wu HI, I Will' '"
/I,dVtHI $',..<';,;:./""--------1--110.
L ... -l""'P'-t--_ __
- -- __ ....+.."..+-:-.;.;0.;:

I. 1
rll', $Hfion Madlin."
p,..r".lIly lIy Millj",
FIG. 3.-ReducedSection Tension Test Specimen .
........ --Not Less Than d
Wtld ShOllld at (If Ctnltrof' Stt:'lion
Tilt Ends may /;I! of any to fif til. Hllld,rJ' of lilt T,sling
Ma(llIn, in SII(h R _Y '"at loa/1 i& App/I,d Axlal/y.
FIG. 4.-Altemate Reduced-Section Tension Test Specimen.
1i-in. wide, at least 6 in. in length with
the weld in the center and shall be ma-
chined in accordance with Fig. 1. One
specimen shall be bent with the inside
surface of the pipe against the plunger,
and the other with the outside surface
against the plunger. The dimensions of
the plunger and the bending jig shall be
in accordance with Fig. 2.
(b) The bend test shall be acceptable
if no cracks or other defects exceeding i
in. in any direction be present in the weld
metal or between the weld and the pipe
(b) Transverse tension and bend test
specimens shall be taken from the end of
finished pipe; the transverse tension and
bend test specimens shall be flattened
cold before final machining to size.
(c) As an alternate to the require-
ments of Paragraph (b), the test speci.
mens may be taken from a test plate of
the same material as the pipe, which
is attached to the end of the cylinder
'Bee p. 318.
Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Sold to:Shell Global Solutions International B.V. Main, 826042
Not for Resale,03/10/2014 10:04:19 MDT No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
--`,,,``,,`,`,,,`,``,`,,,,``,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
82 SPECIltICATIONS FOR ELECTRIC-FuSION-WELDED PIPE (A 155)
and welded as a prolongation of the pipe
longitudinal seam.
(d) Tension and bend test specimens
shall be the full thickness of the material
as rolled and shall be machined to the
form and dimensions shown in Figs. 1,
2,3, and 4.
(e) The test specimens shall not be
cut from the pipe or test plate until
after final heat treatment.
Number of Tilts
11. (a) One transverse tension test
(Section 8(b and two transverse
guided weld bend tests (Section 9) shall
be made to represent each lot of pipe. A
lot shall consist of all pipe of the same
material (may include more than one
heat of steel) and wall thickness which is
heat treated in one furnace charge
(Note). For pipe which is not heat
treated, or is heat treated in continuous
type furnaces, a lot shall consist of each
200 ft or fraction thereof of all pipe of
the same material and wall thickness,
subjected to the same heat treatment.
NOTE.-For pipe which is heat treated in a
batch type furnace which i, automatically con-
trolled within a SOF range and is equipped with
recording PYJ'ometers so that heating records are
available, by agreement between the purchaser
and the pipe manufacturer, a lot may be defined
the same as for continuous type furnaces.
(b) If any test specimen shows de-
fective machining or develops flaws not
associated with welding, it may be dis-
carded and another specimen substi-
tuted.
(c) Each length of finished pipe shall
be subjected to the hydrostatic test
specified in Section 13.
Retests
12. (a) If the results of any mechan-
ical tests of pipe material of any lot do
not conform to the requirements speci-
fied in Sections 8 and 9, retests shall be
made on additional pipes of double the
original number from the same lot, each
of which shall conform to the require-
ments specified.
(b) If the results of the mechanical
tests of any lot do not conform to the
requirement specified, such lot may be
heat treated, but no more than twice.
In the case of re-heat treatment and
retest, the same number of tests as
originally specified shall be required.
Hydrostatic Tests
13. (a) Each length of pipe shall be
tested by the manufacturer to a hydro-
static pressure which will produce in the
pipe wall a stress of 75 per cent of the
minimum specified yield point at room
temperature. This pressure shall be de-
termined by the following formula:
where:
p _ 2S,
D
P - minimum hydrostatic test pres-
sure in pounds per square inch,
S - 0.75 times the minimum specified
yield point at room temperature
in pounds per square inch,
t = speciied wall thickness, in inches,
and
D = specified or calculated (from the
specified inside diameter and wall
thickness) outside diameter, in
inches.
(b) The hydrostatic test pressure shall
be held for a sufficient length of time
for the inspector to completely examine
the entire length of the pipe and welded
joint.
Radiographic Examination
14. (a) For class 1 welded joint qual-
ity, all welded joints shall be completely
examined by radiography.
(b) For class 2 welded joint quality,
radiographic examination is not re-
85-17
Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Sold to:Shell Global Solutions International B.V. Main, 826042
Not for Resale,03/10/2014 10:04:19 MDT No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
-
-
`
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
,
`
,
`
`
,
`
,
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
-
`
-
`
,
,
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
`
-
-
-
SPECIFICATIONS FOR ELECTRIC-FuSION-WELDED PIPE (A 155) 83
quired except when and to the extent
specified by the purchaser in the order
or contract.
(c) Radiographic examination shall
be in accordance with the requirements
of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel
Code, Section I (1959) Power Boilers,
Paragraph P 102 (h).
Thickness and Weights
15. The wall thickness and weights for
welded pipe furnished under these
fications shall be governed by the re-
quirements of the specifications to which
the manufacturer ordered the plate.
Permissible Variations in Dimensions
16. (a) Permissible variations in di-
mensions at any point in a length of
pipe shall not exceed the following:
(1) Outside Diameter.-Based on cir-
cumferential measurement, O.S per
cent of the nominal outside diameter.
(2) Out-oJ-Roundness.-Difierence be-
tween major and minor outside diam-
eters, 1 per cent.
(3) Alignment.-Using a 10-ft straight-
edge placed so that both ends are in
contact with the pipe, i in.
(b) Thickness.-The minimum wall
thickness at any point in the pipe shall
not be more than 0.01 in. under the
nominal thickness.
Lengths
17. Pipe lengths shall be in accord-
ance with the following regular practice:
(a) The lengths required shall be
specified in the order.
(b) Circumferential welded joints of
the same qvality as the longitudinal
joints shall be permitted by agreement
between the manufacturer and the
purchaser.
Ends
18. Unless otherwise specified, pipe
shall be furnished with plain ends. All
burrs at the ends of the pipe shall be
removed.
Finish
19. (a) The finished pipe shall be free
from injurious defects, and shall have
a workmanlike finish.
(b) Repair oj Plate Dejects by Machin-
ing or Grinding.-Pipe showing moderate
slivers may be machined or ground in-
side or outside to a depth which shall
insure the removal of all included scale
and slivers, providing the wall thickness
is not reduced below the specified mini-
mum wall thickness. Machining or grind-
ing shall follow inspection of the pipe as
rolled, and shall be followed by sup-
plementary visual inspection.
(c) Repair oj Plate Dejects by Welding.
Repair of injurious defects shall be
permitted only subject to the approval
of the purchaser. Defects shall be thor-
oughly chipped out before welding. The
repairs shall be radiographed and if the
pipe itself has already been stress re-
lieved, it shall then be stress relieved
again except in the case of small welds
that, in the estimation of the purchaser's
inspector, do not require stress relief.
Hydrostatic tests made on pipe repaired
in this shall be made on the
finished pipe.
Marking
20. (a) Each length of pipe manu-
factured in accordance with these speci-
fications shall bear the following identi-
fying marking within 12 in. of one end
the pipe manufacturer's name or identi
fying mark, the symbol A 155, the plate
material designation as shown in Table
I, the plate quality (flange or firebox),
and the class number ( 1 or 2).
(b) On carbon steel pipe the marking
shall be legibly stamped with steel dies.
On alloy steel pipe the marking shall be
stenciled with a suitable heat resistant
35-27
Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Sold to:Shell Global Solutions International B.V. Main, 826042
Not for Resale,03/10/2014 10:04:19 MDT No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
-
-
`
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
,
`
,
`
`
,
`
,
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
-
`
-
`
,
,
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
`
-
-
-
811 SPECIJ'ICATIONS FOR ELECTRIC-FuSION-WELDED PIPE (A 155)
paint except when otherwise specified
by the purchaser.
(c) When pipe marked as specified in
this section is rejected, the symbol A 155
shall be cancelled.
Inspection
, 21. The inspector representing the
purchaser shall have free entry, at all
times while work on the contract of the
'purchaser is being performed, to all
parts of the manufacturer's works that
concern the manufacture of the material
ordered. The manufacturer shall a1ford
the inspector, without charge, all
able facilities to satisfy him that the
material is being. furnished in accordance
with these specifications. All tests and
inspection shall be made at the place
of manufacture prior to shipment and
at the manufacturer's expense, unless
otherwise specified, and shall be so
conducted as not to interfere unneces-
with the operation of the works.
Rejection
22. Each length of pipe that develops
injurious defects during shop working
or application operations will be re-
jected and the manufacturer shall be
notified. No rejections under these or
any other specifications shall be marked
as specified in Section 20 for sale under
these specifications except where such
pipe fails to comply with the weight
requirements alone, in which case it may
be sold under the weight specifications
with which it does comply. .
SUPPLBMBNTARY RBQUIUMBNTS FOR PIPB RBQUIlUNG SPBCIAL
CONSIDBRATION
These requirements shall not be considered unless specified in the order, in which
event the specified tests shall be made by the manufacturer and witnessed by the
purchaser or his representative before shipment of the pipe.
Check Analy.i.
S1. Check. analysis may be made on
any length of pipe. Individual lengths
failing to conform to the chemical reo
quirements prescribed in the applicable
specifications listed in Table I shall be
rejected.
Tenmon and Bend Te.ts
S2. Tension tests (Section 8(b)) and
bend tests (Section 9) shall be made on
specimens to represent each length of
pipe. Failure of any test specimen to meet
the requirements shall be cause for the
rejection of the pipe length represented.
Hardne Teets
S3. Hardness determinations shall be
made across the welded joint at both
ends of each length of pipe. The maxi
mum acceptable hardness shall be as
agreed upon between the manufacturer
and the purchaser.
Magnetic Particle Examination
S4. All welded joints shall be sub
jected to magnetic particle inspection.
Such inspection shall be in accordance
with the latest commercial practice
and shall be performed by experienced
operators. Defects so located shall be
repaired in accordance with Section 2(e).
Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Sold to:Shell Global Solutions International B.V. Main, 826042
Not for Resale,03/10/2014 10:04:19 MDT No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
-
-
`
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
,
`
,
`
`
,
`
,
,
,
,
`
`
,
,
-
`
-
`
,
,
`
,
,
`
,
`
,
,
`
-
-
-