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Horizontal Directional Drill Installation Calculations- based on Tensile strength

ASCE Manuals and reports on Engineering Practice No. 10

Pipe, Operational, Installation & Site Characteristics Steel Grade Specified Minimum Yield Strength Young's Modulus Poisson's Ratio Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Design Stress Factor Outside Diameter Wall Thickness Depth Bored Diameter and Type Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure Temperature at time of Installation Design Temperature Max Design Temperature Min Temperature Derating Factor Spec & Pipe Class Longitudinal Joint Factor HDD Rig size Rig Pulling factor Allowable tensile stress factor Time under tension design factor Length of Drill Total change of angle over L Radius of curvature
E SMYS Es vs T

Values Units

Values Units

9 450.00 N/mm2 200.0E+3 N/mm 0.30 1.17E-05 per oC


2

70049.49 lb/in2 29,006,000 lb/in2

F D tw H Bd

0.72 28.00 inches 22.20 mm 15,000 mm 1,066.80 mm


Type: HDD 711.20 mm 0.874 in

P Tmax Tmax Tmin T

86.00 barg 30.00 oC 50.00 oC 15.00 C 1.000 19.00 1.00


o

8.60 N/mm2 86.00 122.00 oF 59.00 oF (B31.8 Table 841.116A)

(B31.8 Table 841.115A)

Fr Sr Ft St L

200.00 tons 75.00 % 0.40 0.91 800.00 m 16.00 degrees 1,300.00 m


2,624.64 ft

Appendix 4

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MM-ZTK-1A-ONEP-PLR-CAL-0002

Horizontal Directional Drill Installation Calculations- based on Tensile strength

1.0 Check Allowable Barlow Stresses Actual Barlow Stress Allowable Barlow Stress

(API 1102 Equation 8b)

Values Units

137.75 N/mm2 324.00 N/mm2

Actual Barlow Stress < Allowable Stress

1.1 Installation Stresses- Bending Stress The pipe stress due to bending stress of pipe is determined as follows

R
RA L

( L / A ) 688
RA RD 112,859.52 in 51,181.10 in 2866.63 m 1300.00 m

= Maximum Radius of Curvature (inch)-(For 8 Degrees) = Length drilled (ft)


Maximum Radius of Curvature in Drilled hole (in) Min.Radius of Curvature in Drilled hole used

f b ( ED ) /( 2 R D )
fb = Longitudinal Bending Stress (lb/in 2) Longitudinal Bending Stress (lb/in 2) fb
7,934.26 lb/in2 54.71 N/mm2

F b =0.75F y for D/t 1,500,000/F y F b = [0.84-(1.74F y D)/(Et)]F y for 1,500,000/F y < D/t 3,000,000/F y F b = [0.72-(0.58F y D)/(Et)]F y for 3,000,000/F y < D/t 300,000

Maximum allowable Bending Stress (lb/in 2)

Fb

-9,429.96 lb/in2

65.02 N/mm2

Longitudinal bending stress < Allowable bending stress

1.2 Installation Stresses- External Hoop Stress The pipe thickness due to external hoop stress of pipe is determined as follows

t D / 12 (864 P ext / E )1 / 3
t P ext E D/t = 48.20 D/t 50 = Pipe wall thickness (inch) = Uniform external Pressure in lb/in 2 (Assumed as 7.5-Percent E ) = Modulus of Steel in lb/in 2
Optimum thickness (D/t 50) Pipe wall thickness due to External Hoop Stress
t 14.224

14.755 mm

Actual thickness > Allowable Thickness

Appendix 4

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MM-ZTK-1A-ONEP-PLR-CAL-0002

Horizontal Directional Drill Installation Calculations- based on Tensile strength

1.3 Installation Stresses- Tensile Stress The pipe stress due to pulling tensile stress of pipe is determined as follows

ft S
Sy St Ty Ft = Tensile Yield Factor = Time under tension design factor = Tensile yield strength = Allowable Tensile Stress
Allowable Tensile Stress

S tT

ft

163.800 N/mm2

23,755.91 lb/in2

1.4 Installation Stresses- Required Pipe thickness to meet allowable tensile stress The pipe thickness due to pulling tensile stress of pipe is determined as follows

tr ( pi(Do / 2)2 (((Fr / Sr ) / ft ) / pi) * 2


Fr Sr Ft Do tr = HDD Rig size = Rig pulling factor = Allowable Tensile Stress = Outside pipe diameter = Required pipe wall thickness to meet allowable tensile stress
Pipe wall thickness due to Tensile Stress Pipe wall thickness to be used
t
r

14.44 mm

22.20 mm

Actual thickness > Allowable Thickness

1.5 Installation Stresses- Pipe combined installation stress The pipe stress due to combined stresses is determined as follows

f t / 0.9 F y f b / Fb 1
Ft fy fb Fb = Allowable Tensile Stress (lb/in2) = Pipe minimum yield strength (lb/in 2) = Longitudinal Bending Stress (lb/in 2) = Maximum allowable Bending Stress (lb/in 2)
f t / 0.9 F y + f b / F b -0.436943 =

Actual thickness > Allowable Thickness

Appendix 4

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MM-ZTK-1A-ONEP-PLR-CAL-0002

Horizontal Directional Drill Installation Calculations- based on Tensile strength

2.0 Operating Stresses- Internal Hoop Stress The pipe stress during operation due to hoop stress is determined as follows

f h ( Pint D ) /( 2t )
fh P int t = Pipe hoop stress due to internal pressure (lb/in 2) = Uniform internal pressure (lb/in2) = Pipe wall thickness (in) f h 70% SMYS Pipe hoop stress due to internal pressure
fh 19,974 lb/in2 137.73 N/mm2

Actual internal hoop stress < Allowable internal hoop stress

2.1 Operating Stresses- Combined Operating Stress The pipe stress during operation due to hoop stress is determined as follows
For worst case, fc fh ,

fv ( fc fl ) / 2
fv ( fh fc ) / 2

f l ( f cV f b )
f v f h [(1 v ) / 2)
f v 45% SMYS fv fc fl = Longitudinal component oF circumferential stress (lb/in 2) = Total circumferential stress (lb/in2) = Total Longitudinal stress, fb (lb/in 2)
Longitudinal component of circumferential stress

fb 2

fv

3,023.94 lb/in2 20.85 N/mm2

Actual combined operating stress < Allowable combined stress

Appendix 4

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MM-ZTK-1A-ONEP-PLR-CAL-0002