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# 1.

Inclination test
2. Stability test
Stability of a Floating Body
- Applications to Naval Architecture & Ocean Eng.
Inclination Test
Apply a load that cause the barge to tilt (move W
h
and W
v
in x- and z-direction);
Measure the angle of tilt;
Check if the measured tilt angle matches with theoretical value;
If not completely matching, discuss errors
L
d
o x
z
b
u
When =0:
Center of gravity G and Buoyancy
center B of the barge are both in-line
with z-axis and there is no net
moment w.r.t. origin O.

When moving W
H
to the right of the
origin, you introduce a load that gives
a net moment w.r.t. origin O. The
barge must adjust itself to balance
that net moment. This causes the
barge to tilt with an angle .

d is the submerged depth when =0
B is somewhere below G

G (x
G
, z
G
)
B (x
B
, z
B
)
F
w

F
B

Force balance requires:
F
w
=F
B
Moment balance requires:

= 0
O
M
Define counterclockwise
as positive
+
F
w
is the body
force acting
through the center
of gravity G

F
B
is buoyancy
force acting
through buoyancy
center B

( ) ( ) 0 sin cos sin cos = + + +
B B B B G w G w
z F x F z F x F
( ) ( ) 0 sin cos sin cos = + + +
B B G G
z x z x

= 0
O
M
Because F
w
=F
B

x
G
, z
G
, x
B
, z
B
are given in lab handout
(related to the shape of the immersed volume)
(depends on the location of weights)
Weight of barge W
b
, z
b
=5.2 cm
x
h
and z
v
change every run as you move the weights
Remember to measure z
h
( ) 0 tan
2 12
tan
24
2
3
2
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
G G
x z
d
d
b
d
b
Algebraic equation for tan. Find tan using Matlab function roots
Stability Test
F
w
, the weight of floating
body gives destabilizing
moment, clockwise,
makes larger.

F
B
, the buoyancy force
gives a stabilizing
moment, counter-
clockwise, make
smaller.

F
w
F
B
During the experiment, you will remove W
H
and put it on the mast (z-axis)
with W
v
. As you move W
v
(or W
H
) higher, z
G
increases. For a given small angle
of perturbation, increased z
G
gives larger destabilizing moment. It this is too
large, the stabilizing moment due to F
B
cannot bring the barge back!
( ) tan
2 12
tan
24
2
3
2
0
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ + =
G
z
d
d
b
d
b
M
Previously from balance of moment:
with x
G
=0 in this case
We need M
0
> 0 (counter-clockwise) so that restoring force due to
buoyancy is greater than destabilize for due to gravitational weight.
For small , (tanu)
3
<< tan
0 tan
2 12
2
>
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
G
z
d
d
b
2 12

2
d
d
b
z
G
+ <
for stable condition.
i.e., for a given barge, is fixed. If we distribute the weight more to
the bottom of the barge, the system is more stable.
2 12
2
d
d
b
+